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C{kmtb ]mekv-Xo kwLjns bYm Ncn{Xw

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Story Dated: 2015-06-28

F Un 70 \p ap³]v ]ekvXn³ Fsómcp cmPyw Dïmbncpónñ DïmbncpóXv Ct{kð Fó cmPyw am{XamWópw Ct{kð hmZn¡póp. Fómð 1948 \p ap³]v C{ktbð Fsómcp cmPyw \nehnepïmbncpónñ DïmbncpóXv ]ekvXn³ am{XamWópw Cs{ken³sdXv A\[nIrX IpSntbäamsWóv ]ekvXn³ hmZn¡póp ChnsS XpS§póp C{ktbð ]mekvXo³ {]iv\w.

Cu {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\mbn sFIycm{ã k` 1947\hw_dnð cïp cmPy§fmbn Xncn¡pIbpïmbn 55% hcpó PqZcm{ãhpw 45% ]ekvXo\pw Fómð Cu \nba§Ä Hópw {]m_ey¯nð hcpóXn\p ap³]v {_n«³ AhnsS \nópw ]n³hm§nsImïv \mSI¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¡póp .1948 \nba§sfbpw AhKWn¨psImïv bmlqZnIÄ A[n\nthiw Bcw`n¨p AhÀ Hcp cm{ãw tI«n¸Sp¡póp ChnsS {]iv\§Ä Bcw`n¡pIbmbncpóp CtX XpSÀóv s]m«n¸pds¸« Iem]¯nð 85% ]mekvXo\nIfpw IpSnbnd¡s¸«p 78% Øe§fpw C{kmtbð ssI¿S¡n s_Ìv _m¦v tPmÀZmsâ ssIhiambn KmkapXð sXt¡m«pÅ `mK§Ä CuPn]vXnsâbpw.1948 tijw {][m\ambpw aqóp bp²§Ä Dïmbn, C{kmtbð \nc´cw A{Ia§Ä Agn¨p hnSpó se_\m³ P\Xsb IqSmsXbmWnXv.

{^m\vknt\mSpw C¥ïnt\mSpw ]nsómóv 1967 Bdp Zn\ bp²w Fódnbs¸Spóp. 1973-sebpw,1967-sebpw bp²¯n\ptijw C{kmtbð shÌv-_m¦pw Kmkbpw ssIbS¡n. ]e{]mhiyw sFIycmjv-{Sk` {]tab§Ä ]mkm¡nsb¦nepw1967-se It¿äw Hgnhm¡m³ XpSÀópÅ \mð¸Xv- hÀjhpw C{kmtbð X¿mdmbnñ. temIw Cóphsc Iïn«pÅXnð Gähpw IncmXamb Hcp A[n\nthi `cWw krjv-Sn¡pIbpw \ne\nÀ¯pIbpamWv- AhÀ CXphsc sNbv-XXv-.CsXñmw kbWnÌv `cWw ASnsNev¸n¡m\pw Hcp \nÀ[\cmbP\Xsb sImsómSp¡m\pw AhÀ Iïp ]nSn¨ Ipdp¡p hgnIÄ Bbncpóp . ]ekv-Xo³ P\X \nch[n sIm¨pIjv-W§fmbn Onó`nóam¡s¸SpIbpw I¼nthenIfmepw henb aXnepIfmepw hfªpsh¡s¸SpIbpw A[n\nthi¡mcsâ hgnIfneqsS am{Xw kôcn¡m³ A\phZn¡pIbpw sNbv-Xp.kz´w cmPy¯v A`bmÀ°nIÄ Bbn Igntbïn hcpó Hcp P\XbpsS thZ\n¸n¡pó bYmÀ° kXy§Ä.

P\oh IcmÀ ]dbpóXv A[n\nthiiànIÄ A[n\nthi`qanbnð ØncXmakam¡m³ ]mSnñ Fóv Fómð CXns\sbñmw Imänð ]d¯n ISIhncp²ambn A[n\nthi shÌv- _m¦nð Ct¸mÄ 4e£¯nð IpSpXð PqXIpSntbä¡mÀ Xmakn¡pópïv-. \mev]Xp hÀjambn XpScpó Cu IpSntbäw temI cm{ã§Ä Iïnñ Fóv \Sn¡pIbmWv . Hcp ]mekvXo³ Imc³ AhcpsS AhImis¸« `qanbnð kôcn¡m³ \m\qdne[nIw ]cntim[\m tI{µ§Ä XmïWw Fóv ]dbpt¼mÄ F{X {Iqcamhpw ChnSs¯ AhØ . A[n\nthi¯n\p Iognð ssZ\wZn\w \S¡pó Cu ]cntim[\IÄ, icoc]cntim[\IÄ, hmNm Ipäs¸Sp¯epIÄ Fónhsbms¡bmWv- 1987 Ahkm\w C³Xn^mZsbót]cnð s]m«ns¯dn¨Xv-. AXv- BZy¯nð ]ekv-Xo\nb³ bphXz¯nsâ kzm`mhnIamb sNdp¯p\nð¸mbncpóp. C¯cw {IqcXIÄ sImïv s]mdpXn ap«nb ]ekvXo³ P\X {][ntcm[¯nte¡v \o§nbXnð Ahsc Ipäs¸Sp¯m³ \ap¡mhptam?

Cu IpSntbä¡mÀ Gähpw \ñ `qan ssIhis¸Sp¯pIbpw hnimeamb hoSpIÄ ]WnbpIbpw shÅwIn«pó {][m\ Øe§sfms¡ \nb{´W¯n³ Iognem¡pIbpw sNbv-Xn«pïv-. kpJIcamb `IpSntbä¡mÀ¡v- am{XapÅ'tdmUpIfnð tKäpItfm ]cntim[\mtI{µ§tfm Cñ.1987Hcp Iq«w sNdp¸¡mÀ BZyambn sNdp¯p \nð¡m³ Xocpam\n¡póp . ldI¯pð apJmh¯pð CÉmanb (lamkv )BZy sNdp¯p \nð¸v FóÀYw hcpó C´n]m[ Fó k¦S\ cq]s¸Spóp. C{kmtben A[n\nthi¯ns\Xncmb hnZymÀYnIfpsS ItñdneqsSbmWv-. XpSÀóv- Fñm cmjv-{Sob iànIfpw P\hn`mK§fpw ]s¦Sp¡pó Hcp P\Iob sNdp¯p\nð¸mbn AXv- hfÀóp.3hÀjt¯mfw C{kmtben A[n\nthitk\sb AXv hnjaØnXnbnem¡n. {]tZi§ÄtXmdpw P\§Ä sXcphnend§n {]Xntj[n¨p. A[n\nthitk\bpsS tXm¡pIsfbpw Sm¦pIsfbpw shdpwssIbpambmWv AhÀ t\cn«Xv.Hcp P\XtbmSv blqZnIÄ Im«pó {IqcX ]pdw temIadnbpóp AXv Akaamb Hcp t]mcm«ambncpóp. Fómð C{kmtben A[n\nthi¯nsâ {IqcXbnte¡v {i²tI{µoIcn¡póXn\v AXv CSbm¡n.AXn\nSbnð X{´ ]qÀÆw C{kmtbð lamkv ^¯m `nón¸v km[ns¨Sp¯p.

]ekvXo³ P\Xs¡Xnsc C{kmtbð \S¯pó bp²¯nsâ hmkvXhØnXn Hfn¸n¨psh¡m³ C{kmtbepw Atacn¡bpw kJyiànIfpw \S¯pó shÅ]qiðsImïv Ignbm¯ ØnXnbpïmbn. CXv A[n\nthis¯¡pdn¨pÅ NÀ¨bnte¡v \bn¡pIbpw HtÉm H¯pXoÀ¸nte¡v \bn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C{kmtben A[n\nthi {]iv-\w kam[m\]cambn ]cnlcn¡póXn\v ]ekvXo\n {]Xntcm[¯nsâ FXncä t\Xmhmb bmkÀ Adm^¯v \S¯nb {iaaambncpóp HtÉm H¯pXoÀ¸v.

1993 HmtÉm IcmÀ{]Imcw Hcp ]qÀW]ekvXo³ cm{ãambn ]nóoSv amdmhpóhn[¯nð ]ekvXo³ AtYmdnän cq]oIcn¡pI. shÌv_m¦nsâ \nb{´Ww ssIamdpI. shÌv_m¦nse PqXIpSntbä tI{µ§Ä s]mfn¨pamäpI; Pdpkteansâ ]Zhnbpw A`bmÀYnIÄ¡v Xncn¨phcm\pÅ AhImihpw XpSÀNÀ¨IfpsS `mKam¡pI.Fómð CsXmópw ]men¡s¸SmsX Cópw Cu \clXy XpSÀóv sImïncn¡póp Fñmhcpw a\¸qÀhw CsXñmw Iïnñ Fópw \Sn¡póp.


Ft¸mÄ hoïpw kam[m\ {]{InbbpsS ]cmPb¯nð\nóv cïmw C³Xn^mZ DbÀóphóp. HcpXc¯nepÅ kam[m\hpw ZriyamhmXncn¡pIbpw ]ekvXo³ cm{ã¯n\pÅ km[yXIÄ CñmXncn¡pIbpw sNbvX kmlNcy¯nð ]ekvXo\nIfpsS FXnÀ¸v hfÀóphóp. \nc´cw ]ekvXo³ P\X th«bmSs¸Spó kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIfpw th«bmSs¸Spó AhnsS \nópw ]pd¯p hcpó kXy§Ä a\pjy a\kmjnsb achn¸n¡póXmbncpóp .

]ekvXo³ sNdp¯p\nð¸v XpScpIbpw iàns¸SpIbpw C{kmtbensâ A[n\nthi¯ns\Xnsc hym]Iamb hnaÀi\w DbÀóphcnIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ, ]ekvXo³ P\§Ä¡v A´na]cnlmcsaóv C{kmtbð IcpXpóXv \S¸nem¡m³ X¿msdSp¯psImïncn¡bmWv AhÀ. CXmWv _ÔhntamN\]²Xnsbóv hnfn¡s¸SpóXv. AX\pkcn¨v KmkmNo´nð\nóv ]nòmdpIbpw shÌv_m¦nse Nne sNdnb IpSntbä tI{µ§fnð\nóv HgnhmhpIbpw _m¡nbpÅhsb Iq«ntbmPn¸n¨v ]ekvXo\nIsf ewLn¡m\mhm¯ _Ô\¯nð DÄs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿m\mWv AhÀ Dt±in¡póXv..

600 IntemaoäÀ \ofwhcpó Hcp h³aXnepïm¡n aqóv- ]ekv-Xo³ {]tZi§sf AS¨psI«emWv- Cu _Ôw thÀs]Sp¯ð ]²XnbpsS {][m\ e£yw. A´mcmjv-{S \oXn\ymbtImSXn Cu aXnð \nÀamWw \nbahncp²amsWóv- {]Jym]n¨n«pïv- F¦nepw Bcv sNhnsImÅm³ shÌv-_m¦n\pÅ C{kmtbð ]²Xn CXmWv-: Z£nWm{^n¡bnse hÀWhnthN\ _Ô\Ø {]tZi§Ä t]mse Hcp ]ekv-Xo³ cq]s¸Sp¯pI;shÌv-_m¦nsâ 54 iXam\hpw _m¡nhcpó 46 iXam\w C{kmtbensâ \nbahncp² ssIhi¯n\p Iognð \nÀ¯pI, bYmÀ° ]ekv-Xosâ 12.5 iXam\w am{Xw `qhnkv-XrXn hcpó Hcp sNdnb Øew am{Xw ]ekv-Xo\nIÄ¡v- e`yam¡pI. Cu _Ô\Ø Øet¯¡pÅ t]m¡phchp apgph³ C{kmtben ssk\y¯nsâ \nb{´W¯nem¡pI CsXs¡bmWv C{kmtbð IW¡p Iq«póXv .

Ignª hÀjw {^m³knkv amÀ¸m¸ ]mekvXo\pw C{ktbepw kµÀin¨ thfbnð C{ktbð {]knUïv jntam¬ s]cknt\mSpw ]mekvXo³ {]knUïv alaqZv Aºmknt\mSpw Hcp A`yÀ°\ \S¯n. hcq, h¯n¡m\nð \aps¡mcpan¨v ]mekvXo³ - C{ktbð kam[m\¯n\v thïn {]mÀ°n¡mw. {]mÀ°\bpw \Sóp.lamkpw ^¯bpw X½nð \S¯nbncpó NÀ¨IÄ hnPbn¨p Fó hmÀ¯bpw hóp . h¯n¡m\nse {]mÀ°\¡ptijw amÀ¸m¸ FSp¯p ]dª Hcp hmNIapïv. CXv kam[m\¯nte¡pÅ bm{XbmWv. A\h[n Ip«nIfmWv a[y]qÀÆtZis¯ Gäpap«enð sImñs¸«Xv. \njv-¡f¦cmb Ip«nIÄ C\nbpw bp²¯nsâ _enbmSpIÄ BhmXncn-¡-s«-....

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Zneo-]n-s\ Ip-Sp-n-bXv ]rYn-cm-Pm-sW Hfnbpambn ]n kn. tPm-Pv; {ioIpam tat\m amnbw tIkn {]-Xn-sb-pw Zneo]ns IpSpw_w IenbXv {ioIpam ta-t\m-s\pw ]n.kn

\-Sn B-{I-an-¡-s¸-« tI-knð Zneo-]nt\ IpSp¡nbXv B  Al¦mcnbmb \S\mWv--. B bph \S³þ ]n.kn tPmÀPv. {]nYzncmPnsâ t]À ]dªnsñ¦nepw ]nóoSpÅ tNmZy¯n\p At±lw AXv {]nYzncmsPóv ASnhcbn«p.^lZv A&nti

]np Ipn-I-sf \Sp-tdm-Un Cdnhnv k-vIq A[ym]nI-bm-b 32 Im-cn 22 Im-c\mb ImapIs\mw t]mbn; ]cmXnbpambn `mhpw IpnIfpw t]meokv kv--tj-\n

a¡sf Dt]£n¨v ImapIt\msSm¸w hoSphn« kzImcy Cw¥ojv aoUnbw A[ym]nIsb ae¸pdw s]móm\nbnse aX]T\ tI{µ¯nð t]meokv Isï-¯n. ImkÀtImSv s\ñn¡póv kztZin\nbpw tað¸d¼v Cw¥ojv aoUnbw k-vIqfnð A[ym]nIbpamb P

23 9 2017 ബ്രിട്ടീഷ് പത്രം

 23-9-2017 British Pathram

sbkv _mn Iq ]ncnphn-S; tPmen \-s-Xv 2500 Poh\-m-v

Iw]yq«À hXvIcW¯n³sd `mKambn Imcy£aX Ipd-ªp F-óv Im«n sbkv _m¦v Poh\¡mcnð Hcp hn`mKs¯ ]ncn¨phn-«p. sam¯w Poh\¡mcnð10 iXam\w t]À ]pd¯pt]mIpsaómWv dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ.

'FtXv Fm \ndsfbpw Dsmp IdpmWv. CXn Imhnbpapv'; tam-Zn-sb-bpw t\mv \ntcm[\s-bpw ]pIgvn cm{ob {]thi\n\v XmsdSpp Ia lm-k

100 Znhk¯n\pÅnð Xangv--\m«nð Hcp XncsªSp¸p \Sómð Xsó XoÀ¨bmbpw Øm\mÀ°nbmbn {]Xo£n¡msaóv DeI\mbI³ Iaelm-k³. \nehnepÅ cm{ãob ]mÀ«nIfpambn bmsXmcp hn[ Iq«psI«n\pw Xm&
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