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tImln\q F Imn]hXnsd tZimS\ IY Adnbmh Adnbs

ദീപു എസ് നായർ കോവളം

Story Dated: 2015-08-11


Hcp P\XbpsS, Hcp kwkvImc¯n³sd apKv[ k¦ð¸§fpsS, A[nImc taml§fpsS, `uXnINn´IfpsS, {]Xn_nw_ambn amdn tImln\qÀ. cmPy§fpsSbpw kwkvImc§fpsSbpw AXnÀhc¼pIÄ t`Zn¨psImïv tImln\qÀ Fó Im´n]ÀhX¯n³sd tZimS\ IY ]dbpóp. Ncn{X]camb sXfnh\pkcn¨v, B{Ôm{]tZinse KpïqÀ Pnñbnse ]cnXme Fó {Kma¯n\Sp¯pÅ sImñqÀ J\nbnð \nómWv Cu h{P¡ñv J\\w sNbvsXSp¯Xv HcpIme¯v temIs¯ Gähpw henb h{P¡ñv Fó JymXnbpïmbncpó cXv\amWv tImln\qÀ AYhm tImlv-C \qÀ {]Imi¯nsâ ae FómWv 105 Iymcäv AYhm 21.6 {Kmw Xq¡apÅ Cu cXv\¯nsâ t]cn\À°w. t]Àjy³ N{IhÀ¯nbmbncpó \mZnÀ jmbmWv tImln\qÀ Fó t]cv Cu cXv\¯n\v \ðInbsXóp IcpXpóp

C´ybnse lnµp, apÉnw, apKÄ cmPm¡òmcptSbpw t]Àjy³, A^vKm³ cmPm¡òmcptSbpw ssIIfneqsS ISóp t]mbn hoïpw C´ybnse knJpImcpsS ssIhisa¯pIbpw XpSÀóv {_n«ojpImcpsS ssIIfnemIpIbpw sNbvXp. hnIvtämdnb cmÚn C´ybpsS N{IhÀ¯n\nbmbt¸mÄ, 1877-ð Cu cXv\w AhcpsS IncoS¯nsâ `mKambn. CXn\pthïnbmWv, 186 1/16 Imcäv (37.21 {Kmw) `mcapïmbncpó Cu h{P¡ñns\ Cós¯ 105.602 Imcäv (21.61 {Kmw) Bbn sN¯nan\p¡nbXv.

Ncn{X]camb sXfnh\pkcn¨v, B{Ôm{]tZinse KpïqÀ Pnñbnse `cWm[nImcnIfmbncpó ImImXy cmPm¡òmcpsS A[o\Xbnembncpóp Cu h{P¡ñv.
1323-ð Znñnbnse Xp¥Iv hwi¯nse kpð¯m\mbncpó Knbmkv DZv Zo³ Xp¥Insâ tk\m\mbI\mb DeqKv Jm³, ImImXy cmPm¡òmsc tXmð¸n¡pIbpw ImImXycpsS BØm\ambncpó HmdpKñp (Cós¯ hmd¦ð) sImÅbSn¨p \in¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C§s\ sImÅbSn¨v Znñnbnte¡v IS¯nb hne]nSn¸pÅ hkvXp¡fnð sImln\qÀ cXv\hpw DÄs¸«ncpóp.

XpSÀóv Cu cXv\w Znñnbnð ]nð¡me¯v A[nImc¯nð hó kpð¯mòmÀ¡v ssIamdns¡mïncn¡pIbpw, 1526-ð apKÄ km{amPy¯nsâ Øm]I\mb _m_dpsS ssIhisa¯pIbpw sNbvXp. apKÄ ]c¼cbnse Aômas¯ N{IhÀ¯nbmbncpó jm Plm³, Cu Cu Iñns\, Xsâ {]kn²amb abqcknwlmk\¯nsâ `mKam¡n. jm Plmsâ ]p{X³ HudwKtk_v, ]nóoSv Cu cXv\s¯ emtlmdnte¡v sImïpt]mIpIbpw AhnsS Xm³ ]WnIgn¸n¨ _mZvimln akvPnZnð kq£n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

1739-ð t]Àjybnð \nópÅ \mZnÀ jm, C´y B{Ian¨Xns\¯pSÀóv, tImln\qÀ cXv\hpw, abqcknwlmk\hpaS¡w sImÅbSn¨v t]Àjybnte¡v IS¯n. tImlv-C \qÀ Fó t]cv Cu Iñn\v \ðInbXv \mZnÀ jmbmsWóv IcpXs¸Spóp. 1739-\p ap³]v C§s\ Hcp t]cv Cu cXv\¯n\p \nehnepÅXmbn tcJIfnñ. 1747-ð \mZnÀjm acWaSªXn\ptijw, tImln\qÀ, At±l¯nsâ ]n³-Kmanbpw sNdpaI\pambncpó anÀk jm cqJnsâ ssIbnembncpóp. Ct±lw aiv-lZv XeØm\am¡n ]Snªmd³ A^vKm\nkvXm\pw Ing¡³ Cdm\paS§pó Jpdmkmsâ `cWm[nImcnbmbncpóp. 1751-ð A^vKm\nIfpsS Zpdm\n km{amPyØm]I\mb AÒZv jm AÐmen, jmcqJns\ ]cmPbs¸Sp¯n kma´\m¡nbtXmsS, tImln\qÀ cXv\w, AÒZv jm¡v ssIamtdïn hóp

1809-ð Aômas¯ Zpdm\n N{IhÀ¯nbmbncpó jm jqP, Xsâ AÀ²ktlmZc\mb aÒqZv jmtbmSv ]cmPbs¸«v ]emb\w sN¿pt¼mÄ tImln\qÀ cXv\w ssIhis¸Sp¯nbncpóp. emtlmdnse knJv t\Xmhv cRvPnXv kn§n\Sp¯v A`bw tXSnb jqP, ChnsS h¨v Xsâ ssIbnse tImlnóqÀ cXv\w 1813-ð cRvPnXv kn§n\v ssIamdn.
1849-ð {_n«ojpImÀ knJpImsc tXmð¸n¨tXmsS tImlnóqÀ cXv\w {_n«ojpImcpsS ssIhisa¯n. XpSÀóv CXv {_n«ojv cmÚn¡v ssIamdpIbpw sNbvXp.

1852-ð BwÌÀUmanð h¨v hnIvtämdnb cmÚnbpsS `À¯mhv Bð_À«v cmPIpamcsâ t\cn«pÅ taðt\m«¯nemWv Cu cXv\w sN¯nan\p¡nbXv. 1877-ð hnIvtämdnb N{IhÀ¯n\nbmbn C´ybnð A[nImc¯ntednbtXmsS cXv\w AhcpsS IncoS¯nsâ `mKambn.tImln\qÀ cXv-\w Ct¸mÄ ShÀ H^v eï\nemWv kq£n¨ncn¡póXv.

C´ybnð\nóv IS¯ns¡mïpt]mb Aaqeyamb tImln\qÀ cXv\w{_n«³sd {]Xm]¯n³sd {]XoIambmWv CXns\ ImWpóXv. cXv\w C´y¡v Xncn¨p \ðIm\mhnsñóv {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imadq¬. 2013-ð {XnZn\ kµÀi\¯nsâ Ahkm\ Znhkw AarÕdnð am[ya{]hÀ¯ItcmSv kwkmcn¡pt¼mgmWv Imadq¬ C¡mcyw hyàam¡nbXv.

Cu cXv\w Xncn¨p \ðIWsaóv hÀj§fmbn \nch[n C´y¡mÀ {_n«t\mSv Bhiys¸SpóXmWv. almßm KmÔnbpsS t]c¡nSmhpw C¡mcyw Bhiys¸«ncpóp.Fómð, Xncn¨p \ðIpI Fó Bibt¯mSv tbmPn¸nsñóv Imadq¬ ]dªp. C¡mcy¯nð hn«phogvNbnñ. ]pcmX\ {Koknð\nóv {_n«\nð F¯n¨ FðPn³ amÀ_nÄ inð¸w Xncn¨p \ðIWsaó {Koknsâ Bhiy¯n\p kam\amWv CsXópw Imadq¬ ]dªp. {_n«ojpImÀ ]pcmX\ {Koknð\nóv IS¯ns¡mïpt]mb FðPn³ inð]§Ä Xncn¨p\ðIWsaóv {Kokv \nch[n XhW {_n«t\mSv Bhiys¸«ncpóp. HSphnð CXv Xncn¨p \ðImsX hne \ðImsaóv k½Xn¡pIbmbncpóp {_n«³.

temIt¯ähpw aqeytadnb hkvXp¡fnsemómbn KWnbv¡s¸SpóXmWv tImln\qÀ cXv-\w. HmSv -sImïv \nÀ½n¨n«pÅ _p²sâ ]qÀ®Imb {]XnabmWv kpð¯m³Kôv _p². 2.3 aoäÀ Dbchpw 1 aoäÀ hoXnbpapïv {]Xnabv¡v. CXpÄs¸sS Ht«sd AaqeyhkvXp¡Ä C´ybnð \nóv {_n«³ IS¯nbncpóp....

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