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tIcf cm{obw `mKw Hv:BZy a{nk` apX DNmn a{n k` hscbp Ncn{Xw AdnbpI

_vfk lq̳

Story Dated: 2016-03-19

_meäv t]¸dnðIqSn temI¯mZyambn I½yqWnÌpImÀ A[nImc¯ntednbXv tIcf¯nð 1957þð C.Fw. FÊnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ I½yqWnÌv a{´nk`bmbncpóp. temINcn{X¯nepw I½yqWnÌv Ncn{X¯nepw tIcf¯nsâ t]cv FgpXn tNÀ¯t¸mÄ tIcf¯nsâ biÊv hmt\mfw DbcpIbpïmbn. tIcf ]ndhnbpsS a[pcw \pWªpsImïncpó aebmfn¡v AXv Cc«n a[pcambn amdnsbóp Xsó]dbmw. B a{´nk` apXð D½³Nmïn a{´nk` hsc 21 a{´nk`IÄ tIcf¯nð hón«pïv.

apóWn `cWw ]co£n¨psImïv C´ybv¡v amXrIbmb, tIcf cmjv{Sob¯nsâ kw`mh\bmb 21 a{´nk`IÄ anI¨ {]hÀ¯\§Ä ImgvNh¨tXmsSm¸w Btcm]W§fnepw DÄs¸«n«pïv. tIcf¯nsâ hnIk\{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v Np¡m³]nSn¨ B a{´nk`Ifnð IqSn Hóp It®mSn¡mw. Øe]cnanXn ImcWw {][m\s¸« kw`h§fpw kp{][m\ Xocpam\§fpw DÄs¸Sp¯mt\ IgnbpIbpÅp. Btcm]W§Ä \nch[nbmsW¦nepw Fñmw DÄs¸Sp¯m³ Ignbnñ. kp{][m\ambXp am{Xta DÄs¸Sp¯m³ Ignbq. 1957 G{]nð 5\v kXy{]XnÚ sNbvX a{´n k`bnð 11 AwK§fpïmbncpóp. apJya{´n C.Fw.FÊns\ IqSmsX Sn.hn. tXmakv, sI.BÀ. Kucnb½, tUm. F.BÀ. tat\m³, ]n. sI. Nm¯³, sI.]n. tKm]me³, tPmk^v apïtÈcn, kn. ANypXtat\m³, Sn.sI. ZnhmIc³.

CXnð ]ecpw Xncps¡m¨n a{´nk`bnð AwK§fmbncpóhcmWv. Fómð NneÀ ]pXpapJ§fmbncpóp. `cWs¯¡pdn¨v bmsXmcp ]cnNbhpw Adnhpw CñmXncpó ChÀ¡pthïn apXnÀóhcpw {]KÛcpamb Nne sF.F.Fkv. DtZymKØÀ `cWs¯¡pdn¨v clkyambn ¢mÊpIÄ FSp¯ncpóp FómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. AXn\ptijamWv Ahscms¡ `cWw XpS§nbXt{X. F´mbmepw Icp¯òmscs¡mïv \ndª Hcp `cWb{´ambncpóp C.Fw. Fkv. Np¡m³ ]nSn¨Xv. H¸w BÀ. i¦À, ]«w XpS§nb Icp¯òmÀ {]Xn]£¯papïmbncpóp. A[nImctaäv HcmgvN¡pÅnð Xsó IpSnsbmgn¸n¡en\pw, IpSnbnd¡en\p saXnsc Hcp HmÀUn\³kv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpïmbn. IpSn InS¸pImcnð `qcn`mKw t]cpw I½yqWnÌv A\p`mhnItfm, {]hÀ¯Itcm BbncpóXpsImïv Ahsc kwc£n¡m³thïnbmbncpóp C§s\sbmcp HmÀUn\³kv ]pds¸Sphn¡m³ ImcWsaómWv ]dbs¸«Xv.

Cu HmÀUn\³kv hótXmSpIqSn IpSnInS¸pImsc Cd¡nhnSm³ PònamÀ¡v IgnbmsX hóp. A\p`hn¡pó a®v AbmÄ¡v kz´w Fó ap{ZmhmIy¯n\v AÀ°hpw AhImiapïmbnsbóXmWv Hcp kXyw. CXv Pònamtcbpw, bmYmØnXnItcbpw, Øm]nX Xmð]cy¡mtcbpw Gsd sNmSn¸n¡pIbpïmbn. AhÀ kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc Xncnªpsh¦nepw AhÀ A\p`hn¨psImïncpó `qan AhÀ¡v kz´am¡m³ Cu HmÀUn\³knð ¡qSn km[n¨p Fóp]dbmw.

1958 Unkw_dnð Aós¯ dh\yp hIp¸v a{´nbmbncpó sI.BÀ. Kucnb½ AhXcn¸n¨ ImÀjn I_Ô _nð 1959 PqWnð \nbak` ]mÊm¡nbtXmsS ChÀ¡v \nbakm[pXbpïmbn. \½Ä sIm¿pw hbseñmw \½ptSXmIpsaóv ]mSn \Só IÀjIsXmgnemfnIÄ¡v ImÀjnI_Ô \nba¯nð IqSn AXv bmYmÀ°yam¡nsbSp¡m³ Ignsª¦nepw Pònamtcbpw, bmYmØnXnItcbpw AXv hfsctbsd sNmSn¸n¡pIbpw shdp¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Fóncpómepw kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc AhÀ¡v BªSn¡m³ Ign ªnñ. IÀjI sXmgnemfnIfpw, IpSnbmòmcpw, ]mhs¸«hcpw kÀ¡mcnð hnizm kaÀ¸n¨p FóXmWv. Fómð ]nóoSv sImïphó hnZym`ymk _nñnepw t]meokv \b¯nepw BZy C.Fw.Fkv. a{´nk`bv¡v ]mfn¨ ]änsbóp Xsó ]dbmw.

kzImcy hnZym`ymk taJesb Iq¨phne§nSm³ thïn sImïphó hnZym`ymk _nñnð Gsd hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fpÅ ss{IkvXh k`IÄ BªSn¨tXmsS kÀ¡mÀ Hcp henb FXnÀ¸ns\ t\cntSïnhóp. Cu _nñnð A[ym]I \nba\w, i¼f hyhØ, A[ym]Isc ]ncn¨phnSm\pw in£m\S]SnIÄ FSp¡m\papÅ amt\Pvsaânsâ AhImiw CñmXm¡m³ Dt±in¨pÅXmbncpóXpsImïv CXns\ FXnÀ¡m³ kzImcy kvIqÄ amt\Pvsaâv HóS¦w cwKs¯¯nsbóp Xsó]dbmw. A[ym]IÀs¡Xnsc Hcp sNdphncð t]mepw A\¡m³ ]äm¯ coXnbnð, iàamb coXnbnð sImïphóXmWv hnZym`ymk _nsñópXsó ]dbmsa¦nepw hnZym`ymk taJesb IqSpXð anI¨ coXnbnð sImïph cm\pÅ ]cnjvImc§fpw AXnepÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pïmbncpóp. Fómð tIcf¯nse kzIm cy amt\Pvsaâv Cu \o¡s¯ FXnÀ¯p.

PònamcptSbpw, ]W¡mcptSbpw dm³aqfnIfmbncpó t]meokns\ kzX{´am¡n s]mXpP\§fpsS Xmð]cy¯n\\pkcn¨v AhcpsS s]mXpXmð]cy kwc£Icm¡n t]meokns\ amänsbSp¡m\mWv t]meokv \bw sImïphóXv. Fómð CXv Ime{ItaW ]mÀ«n skñn\v Xpeyamb coXnbnte¡v amdpIbmWpïmbXv. t]meokv tÌj\pIÄ ]mÀ«n kJm¡fpsS \nb{´W¯nembn. AXv ]mÀ«n Hm^okn\v Xpeyhpw. CXv P\§fpsS FXnÀ ¸ns\ £Wn¨phcp¯n FópXsó ]dbmw. t]meokv \b¯nð bmYmØnXnIcpw Pònamcpamb CSXp]£ hncp²cpw, hnZym`ymk _nñnð ss{IkvXh, sslµh aXt\Xm¡fpw FXnÀ¸p {]ISn¸n¨psImïv cwK¯phótXmsS kÀ¡mcnsâ \ne ]cp§enembn. CXv ]camh[n apXseSp¯psImïv tIm¬{KÊpw, apÉoweoKpw, ]n.Fkv.]n.bpw AS§pó {]Xn]£w AhtcmSv tNÀóv `cW¯ns\Xnsc BªSn¨psImïv cwK¯v hótXmsS kÀ¡mcnsâ \ne IqSpXð ]cp§enembn.

hnZym`ymk\b¯n eqsS aXt\Xm¡tfbpw, kapZmb t\Xm¡tfbpw Cf¡n hnSm³ {]Xn]£¯n\p Ignsª¦nð, t]meokv \b¯nð km[mcW¡mcpw \njv]£cpamb P\§Ä {]Xn]£¯ns\m¸w tNÀóp FóXmWv bmYmÀ°yw. AXpam{Xañ P\¯n\pthïnbñ ]mÀ«n¡pthïnbpw, ]mÀ«n Xmð]cy§Ä kwc£n¡pó \nebnte¡pw ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡fpsS \nÀt±i¯nð `cWw \S¯pIbpamWv kÀ¡mÀ sN¿pósXó Btcm]Whpw kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc P\tcm£anf¡m³ ImcWambn.

P\t¯msSm¸w {]Xn]£hpw iàambn BªSn¨psImïv cwK¯v hó tXmsS AXv h³ {]t£m`ambn amdn. B {]t£m`amWv ]nóoSv hntamN\ kacambn amdnbXv. hntamN\ kacw tIcf¯net§mfant§mfw Bfn¡¯nbt¸mÄ kwØm\s¯ {Iakam[m\ \ne Xmdpamdmbn. kÀ¡mÀ CXnð F´psN¿WsaódnbmsX \nÝeambn FóXmWv kXyw.

tIcf¯nsâ {Iakam[m\ \nesbt¸mepw Xmdpamdm¡ns¡mïv hntamN\ kacw tIcf¯nð ]SÀóp ]nSn¨t¸mÄ tI{µw CSs]«p. tI{µa{´nk` IqSn kw`h s¯¡pdn¨v hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v \ðIm³ KhÀ®tdmSv Bhiys¸«p. kwØm\¯nsâ {Iakam[m\ \ne XIÀóp Fó \nebnð ASp¯ Znhkw Xsó KhÀ®À _n. cmaIrjvWdmhp tI{µ¯n\v dnt¸mÀ«v \ðIn. t\cs¯ Xsó FgpXn X¿mdm¡n h¨ncpó coXnbnembncpóp B \S]Snsb¡pdn¨v hnaÀin¨hÀ ]dbpóXv. dnt¸mÀ«ns\ ¡pdn¨v ]Tn¡m³ {][m\a{´n PhlÀemð s\lvdp aIÄ CµncmKmÔnsb clkyambn Ab¡pIbpïmbn. tIcf¯nse¯n ØnXnKXnIÄ ]Tn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v \ðInb C µncmKmÔnbpw tIcf¯nsâ {Iakam[m\ \ne KpcpXcmhØbnemsWómWv kqNn¸n¨Xv. kXy¯nð tI{µw `cn¡pó tIm¬{KÊv a{´nk`bv¡v Aós¯ AhcpsS apJy FXncmfnbmb kn.]n.Fw.sâ tIcf a{´nk`sb XIÀ¡pIbpw ]pd¯m¡pIbpw Fó e£yhpapïmbncpóp FópXsó ]dbmw. FcnXobnð F®sbmgn¡m³ AhÀ X¡w]mÀ¯ncn¡pI IqSnbmbncpóXpsImïv CµncbpsS clky dnt¸mÀ«v AhÀ ]qÀ®ambn AwKoIcn¨p sImïv cmjv{S]Xnsb ImWpIbpïmbn.

AXv BZytIcf a{´nk`bpsS A´yambncpóp FópXsó ]dbmw. ]ntä Znhkw AXmbXv 1959 Pqsse 31\v C.Fw.Fkv. \¼qXncn¸mSnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ BZy tIcf a{´nk`sb ]ncn¨phn«psImïv cmjv{S]Xn D¯chn«psImïv tIcf¯nð cmjv{S]Xn `cWw GÀs¸Sp¯n. tIcf¯nse BZy cmjv{S]Xn `cWambncpóp AXv. Bdpamkt¯mfw AXv XpSÀóp.

Bdv amk¯n\ptijw CS¡me XncsªSp¸n\v hnÚm]\and¡n cmjv{S]Xn `cWw Ahkm\n¸n¨p. 1960 s^{_phcnbnð BZy CS¡me XncsªSp¸v tIcf¯nð \Sóp. tIm¬{KÊv, ]n.Fkv.]n., apÉoweoKv XpS§nbhcpÄs¸Spó hntamN\ kac¯nð ]s¦Sp¯hÀ Hcp `mK¯pw, I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ CSXp]£ Nn´mKXn¡mÀ adp`mK¯pambncpóp. ss{IkvXh aXtae²y£òmcpw, aó¯pw tIm¬{KÊv þ]n.Fkv.]n.sb ]n´pW¨p. kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc iàamb P\Iob aptóäapïmbncpó B XncsªSp¸nð B apóWn hnPbw Iïp. ]n.Fkv.]n. t\Xmhmbncpó ]«w F. XmWp]nÅbpsS t\XrXz¯nð cïmw tIcf a{´nk` 1960 s^{_phcn 22\v kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctaäp. B XncsªSp¸nð 126 koänð aqóv koäv am{Xta I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«n¡v In«nbpÅp FóXpsImïpXsó AXv F{Xam{Xw P\]n´pW AhÀ¡pïmbncpóp Fóv Duln¡mw. Npcp¡¯nð tIcf¯nse BZya{´nk` cq]oIcn¨hÀ {]Xn]£¯mbn.

cïmw a{´nk` cq]oIcW¯nð tIm¬{KÊn\v Gsd hnja§Ä t\cntS ïnhóp. XncsªSp¸nð Gsd klmbn¨Xnsâ t]cnð apÉoweoKv a{´nk`bnð AwKXzw thWsaómhiys¸«t¸mÄ Ahsc bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw a{´nk`bnð FSp¡cpsXóv ssl¡amâv tIcf LSIt¯mSv Bhiys¸«p. AXv sI.]n.kn.kn.sb hñm¯ {]XnkÔnbnem¡nsbóp ]dbmw. AXn\v {]Xnhn[nbmbn eoKn\v kv]o¡À Øm\w \ðIm³ tIm¬{KÊv t\XrXzw X¿mdmbn. A§s\ apÉoweoKnse ]n. ko Xnkmln_ns\ kv]o¡dm¡ns¡mïv B {]iv\¯n\v ]cnlmcw Iïp.

(XpScpw)

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