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Adnbmh Adnbs ...amXmlmcn

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Story Dated: 2016-07-05

Hómw temIalmbp²Ime¯v Cc«¨mchr¯n Btcm]n¡s¸«v h[in£bv¡v Ccbmb lnµphmb C³Uy³ \À¯Insbóv kzbw AhImis¸« amXmlmcn Fó aÀKco¯ KoÀ{SqbnUm sksñbpsS PohnXw AXy´w kmlknIX \ndªXpw A´yw XnI¨pw ZmcpWhpambncpóp.

bp²Ime¯v i{Xphnsâ X{´{][m\ \o¡§Ä kv{XoXzhpw hiyXbpw X{´§fpw D]tbmKn¨v tNmÀ¯n FSp¯ncpó hnZKv[Ifmb Nmch\nXIÄs¡ñmw Fópw {]tNmZ\ambn«pÅ t]cmWv amXmlmcn.Htckabw, s{^ôpImÀ¡pw PÀ½\n¡pw thïnbpw Nmchr¯n \S¯nbncpópshóv Btcm]n¡s¸«v sIme sN¿s¸« amXlmcn A³]Xn\mbncw ]«mf¡mcpsS acW¯n\v CSbm¡n FóXmbncpóp tIkv. AhcpsS hnNmcW sI«n¨a¨ sXfnhpIsf B{ibn¨mbncpsóópw Cópw hmZapïv..

amX lmcnbpsS PohnX¯neqsS....

s\YÀem³Uvknð {^okv-em³Unse ]«Wamb eobphmÀU\nse Hcp I¨hS¡mc\mbncpó BUw skñ¡v 1876 BKÌv 7\v Hcp ]p{Xn P\n¨p. AbmÄ AhÄ¡v amÀKco¯ KnÀ{SoU Fóv \maIcWw sNbvXp. ]Xn\mephbkmbt¸mÄ Ahsf Hcp tIm¬-shânð KmÀlnI IeIÄ A`ykn¸n¡m³ ]dªb¨p. U¨p kaql¯nse a[yhÀ¤ Npäp]mSnð Pohn¡pó Hcp s]¬Ip«nbpsS \ntbmKw AXmbncpóp. Fómð C¯csamcp bmYmØnXnIX¡v hg§pó kz`mh¡mcn Bbncpónñ KnÀ{SoU.

]s¯m³]Xmw hbknð bmYmØnXnIXbpsS thens¡«pIÄ `nón¨v KnÀ{SoU, Xsó¡mÄ Ccp]¯nsbmóv hbkv IqSpXepÅ Imw-s_ð aIv!entbmUv Fó U¨v ssk\nI DtZymKØs\ hnhmlw Ign¨p. ChÀ¡v cïv Ip«nIfpïmbn- Hcp s]®pw HcmWpw. aIv!entbmUv AanXaZy]m\nbpw kv{Xoe¼S\pambncpóp. KnÀ{SoUsb CbmÄ \nc´cw tZtlm]{Zhtað¸n¨ncpóp. CXn\nsS ChcpsS ]p{X³ ZpcqlkmlNcy¯nð acn¨p. aIsâ BIkvanI acWhpw `À¯mhnð \nópÅ ]oU\hpw ImcWw am\knIambn XIÀó KnÀ{SoU hnhml_Ôw thÀs]Sp¯n, aIsf s\XÀem³Uvknse _Ôp¡sf Gð¸n¨v ]mcoknte¡v t]mbn. hiy taml\ \Kcamb ]mcoknð ]pXnb thj¯nepw, t]cnepw, `mh¯nepamWv KnÀ{SoU cwK{]thiw sNbvXXv.

C³Uybnð \nópÅ Hcp tZhZmknsbóv ]cnNbs¸Sp¯nb AhÄ AXn\v Dt]mð-_eIamb Hcp IYbpw sa\sªSp¯p. _mey{]kh¯nð acn¨pt]mb Ing¡³ C³Uybnse Hcp t£{X\À¯InbpsS ]p{Xnbmbn«mWv kzbw AhXcn¨Xv. ]pXnb thjw sImïv sImXn¨sXñmw t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignbpsaóv AhÄ¡v ip`m]vXn hnizmkapïmbncpóp. X\n¡pÅ hiy skuµcys¯ apXem¡n ]Ww k¼mZn¡pIbmbncpóp AhfpsS e£yw.

hSnshm¯ kmam\yw Dbcw IqSnb icocw, Idp¯ncpï XeapSn, Icnw-Iqhf angnIÄ, Cfw \ndw- Hcp C³Uy³ kpµcn¡pÅ Fñm icoc sku`mKy§fpw H¯nW§nb cq]ambncpóp AhfptSXv. ]pXnb emhW¯n\v tNÀsómcp t]cpw AhÄ XncsªSp¯p.....amXmlmcn- ]pecnbpsS I®v FómWv AXn\À°w. ]mcoknse sXcphoYnIfnð B`mk\r¯w Nhn«nb amXmlmcn¡v AhnSs¯ BVy³-amcpsS kzoIcWapdnbnte¡pw AhnsS\nóv InS¸papdnbnte¡papÅ {]thi\w hfsc Ffp¸ambn XoÀóp. NSpe Ne\§fneqsS ]pcpj³-amcpsS a\knf¡nb B hiykpµcnbpsS Bcm[Ihrµw \mÄ¡v \mÄ hÀ[n¨p. AhÄ tNmZn¡pósX´pw \ðIm³ ImapIÀ X½nð að-kcambn. thZnIÄ hn«v thZnIfnte¡v \o§nb AhfpsS JymXn bqtdm¸nemIam\ambn. tamïnImÀtem, _Àen³, am{UnUv FónhnS§fnse [\mVy³-amsc AhÄ ImapIcm¡n.

Hómw temIalmbp²w s]m«n¸pds¸« Ime¯v bqtdm¸nse Gähpw hnetbdnb thiybmbn amXmlmcn Adnbs¸«p. PÀ½\nbpsS bphcmPmhv, hntZiImcya{´n, [\mVy\mb {_¬-kzn¡v {]`p XpS§nbhÀ AhfpsS hebnð IpSp§nb {]Kð`³-amcnð NneÀ am{XamWv. 1914 BKÌnð bp²{]Jym]\w \Só Znhkw PÀ½³ t]menkv ta[mhntbmsSm¸w Imdnð _Àen³ \Kc¯nð Npän¡d§pIbmbncpóp amXmlmcn! bp²w sImSp¼ncnsImÅpóXn\nSbnð am!Xmlmcn ]mcoknð Xncns¨¯n. Cu hchnð Xms\mcp C³Uy¡mcnbmsWó AhImihmZw \ntj[n¡pIbpw PÀ½³ `mj emLht¯msS ssIImcyw sN¿m\pw XpS§n. PÀ½\nbnse `cWIqShpambpw ]«mfta[mhnIfpambpw \nc´c _Ôw ]peÀ¯nbncpó amXmlmcnsb {^ôv A[nImcnIÄ kwib¯nsâ t]cnð ]nSnIqSn tNmZyw sNbvXp. Xms\mcp PÀ½³ GPâmsWó Btcm]Ww AhÄ iànbmbn \ntj[n¨p. Xsóbpañ Bhiysa¦nð {^m³knsâ GPâmbn {]hÀ¯n¡m³ X¿mdmsWópw hmKvZm\w \ðIn.

{^ôv kÀ¡mÀ Cu hmKvZm\w kzoIcn¨v amXmlmcnsb Hcp Nmch\nXbmbn Hcp¡nsbSp¯v PÀ½\nbnte¡v ]dªb¨p. AhnsS {]mKð`yw sXfnbn¨ Ahsf ]pXnb sZuXyhpambn kvs]bn\nte¡v Ab¨p. bm{Xmat[y {_n«ojpImÀ ChcpsS I¸ð XSªp \nÀ¯n amXmlmcnsb AdÌp sNbvXp. PÀ½³ Nmch\nX ¢mcm s_³UnIvkv BsWó [mcWbnemWv AdÌp \SóXv. Fómð {^m³kn\pthïn {]hÀ¯n¡pó amXmlmcnbmsWóv a\knem¡nbtXmsS {_n«ojpImÀ Ahsf \ncp]m[nIw hn«b¨p. kvs]bn\nse¯nb amXmlmcn hne¡pIÄ ewLn¨v PÀ½³ Ic--\mhnI tk\m DtZymKØcpambn N§m¯¯nteÀs¸«p. {^m³kn\pthïn kvs]bn\nse¯nb AhÄ PÀ½\p thïn {]hÀ¯n¡póXmbn Btcm]WapbÀóp. ImcWw IW¡nð Ihnª kz¯v At¸mtg¡pw AhÄ kz´am¡nbncpóp.

1917 Bbt¸mÄ PÀ½³ ssk\nI DtZymKØÀ Ahsf Is¿mgnªp. Xncn¨v s^{_phcn 12\v ]mcoknse¯nb amXmlmcnsb {^ôv `cWIqSw AdÌpsNbvXp. PÀ½³ U_nÄ GPâmbn {]hÀ¯n¨p FóXmbncpóp Btcm]n¡s¸« Ipäw. amXmlmcnbpsS tlm«ð apdn sdbvUv sNbvX DtZymKØÀ A¿mbncw {^m¦nsâ Hcp sN¡pw Hcp Syq_nð AS¡w sNbvXncpó Hcp Xcw {ZmhIhpw ]nSns¨Sp¯p. amXmlmcn PÀ½³-ImÀ¡v thïn Nmchr¯n \S¯n FóXn\v {^ôpImÀ Im«nb sXfnhpIÄ Chbmbncpóp.

bqtdm¸ns\ BIam\w \Kv\\r¯¯neqsS ]pfIaWnbn¨ B hiykpµcnsb skâv emkÀ Pbnense ]{´ïmw \¼À skñneS¨p. XpSÀóv amk§tfmfw \oï tImÀ«v amÀjenð amXmlmcn Xsâ \nc]cm[nXz¯nð Dd¨p \nóp. Syq_nð \nd¨ {ZmhIw KÀ`\ntcm[\¯n\v D]tbmKn¡pó acpómsWópw A¿mbncw {^m¦nsâ sN¡v Nmcm{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡ñ adn¨v PÀ½³ DtZymKØÀ¡v Xm³ \ðInb ssewKnI kpJ¯nsâ {]Xn^eamsWóv AhÄ \nkt¦mNw ]dªp. {^m³kn\v amXmlmcns¡Xnscbpïmbncpó sXfnhpIÄ AtXmsS Akm[phmbn. tImÀ«v amÀjð ]m\ense aqóv PUvPnamsc t\m¡n AhÄ ]dªp-- "

"Rms\mcp {^ôvImcnbñ, aäv cmPy§fnð \nóv kplr¯p¡sf k¼mZn¡m³ F\n¡v sauenIamb AhImiapïv. Ahcnð NneÀ {^m³knt\mSv bp²¯nð GÀs¸«ncn¡pIbmsW¦nð t]mepw Rm³ \nc]cm[nbpw \njv]£bpamWv. \n§Ä, {^ôv DtZymKØÀ¡v \ñ a\kpïmIpsaóv Rm³ IcpXpóp "

]mcoknð 1917, Pqembv 24\p \Só Ahkm\ hnNmcWbnð X\n¡v ]dbm\pÅsXñmw kss[cyw hnfn¨p ]dª amXmlmcnsb Ipä¡mcnsbóv sXfnbn¡m³ {^m³knsâ ]¡ð sXfnhpIÄ Hópw Ahtijn¨nñ. hn[n {]Jym]\w Im¯v tImSXn¡v ]pd¯v IqSnb P\Iq«¯n\v amXmlmcnsb hn«b¡psaó {]Xo£bmWpïmbncpóXv. Fómð ]m\ð AwK§fmb PUvPnamÀ cmPym´c {]ikvXn t\Snb thiybpw lnµp \À¯Insbóv kzbw hntijn¸n¡s¸«hfpamb B hnhmZ \mbnIsb shSnh¨p sImñm³ D¯chn«p. t{]mknIyqj³ `mK¯nsâ Ipämtcm]W§Ä¡v AhÀ \nc¯nb sXfnhpIÄ BsI ]cmPbs¸«n«pw C¯c¯nð hn[n {]Jym]n¨Xn\p ]nónð {^m³knsâ IpX{´§fmbncpóp. bp²Ime¯v {^ôv `cWIqSw A`napJoIcn¨psImïncpó kwLÀj¯n\v Hcp ]pIad krãn¡m³ Hcp _enbmSv Bhiyambncpóp. PÀ½\ns¡Xnsc aptódm³ IgnbmsX kJyI£nIÄ t\cn« XSk§Ä¡v ImcWw BcptSsb¦nepw XebnðsI«nhbvt¡ïXv {^m³knsâ Bhiyambncpóp. AXn\mbn amXmlmcnsb Xsó _en]oT¯nteäm³ {^m³kv Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncpóp.

1917 HtÎm_À 15 shfp¸n\v AhÄ hnfn¨pWÀ¯s¸«p. B shfp¸n\v AhÄ acn¡m³ t]mhpIbmsWóv PbneÀ CSdpó IWvTt¯msS Ahsf Adnbn¨p. \mev]s¯mópImcnbmb amXmlmcn sXñpw IqkenñmsX acWs¯ hcn¡m³ AWnsªmcp§n. Xsâ {]ikvXn¡pw \nebv¡pw tbmPn¨ hkv{X§fmWv A´y \nanj¯nð AWnbm\mbn XncsªSp¯Xv. Nmc\nd¯nepÅ DSp¸Wnª AhÄ hensbmcp sXm¸n [cn¨p. Gähpw \ñ jqkpw I¿pdbpw [cn¨v AhÄ skñn\p ]pd¯nd§n PbneptZymKØtcmsSm¸w ^bdnwKv s{Kuïnte¡v Xncn¨p. hn³-skóbnse ssd^nÄ sdbvônð ]{´ïv t]cS§pó ^bdnwKv kvIzmUv Im¯p \nóncpóp. Dd¨Imð-shbv]pItfmsS AhÄ DtZymKØÀ Nqïnb ac¯n\p NphSnte¡v \Sóp. in£ \S¸m¡póXn\p ap³]mbn {]Xn¡v \ðImdpÅ aZyw hm§n IpSn¨p. Fómð ssIIÄ _Ôn¨v act¯mSv Npäns¡«n \nÀ¯m\pÅ DtZymKØcpsS {ias¯ AhÄ FXnÀ¯p. \nÀóntajbmbn,

Xsâ t\À¡v shSnbpï DXnÀ¡m³ \nð¡pó ]«mf¡msc Däp t\m¡n \nð¡m\mWv AhÄ B{Kln¨Xv. DtZymKØÀ AXn\v A\phmZw \ðIn, A´y ip{iqjs¡¯nbncpó ]ptcmlnX\pw I\ymkv{XoIfpw ac¨ph«nð \nópw amdn. \nanj§Ä......... Iam³UÀ I¿pbÀ¯n kqN\ \ðIn...

\niÐXsb Iodnapdn¨psImïv ]{´ïv shSnsbm¨IÄ apg§n..... ^bdnwKv kvIzmUn\v A`napJambn Zrãn]XdmsX t\m¡n \nð¡pIbmbncpó amXmlmcn, Xsâ DSp¸nse IpSp¡pIÄ Agn¨v \Kv\ amdnSw ]«mf¡mÀ¡v Im«ns¡mSp¯mWv shSnbpïIsf kzoIcn¨Xv......

Hcp ]gb amZI\À¯In Nmchr¯nbpsS t]cnð h[n¡s¸s«óXp Xsó ]e Inw-hZ´nIÄ¡pw Ahkcsamcp¡n. Ahbnsemóv, Bcm¨mÀ¡v AhÀ Hcp "]d¡pw Npw_\w" k½m\n¨p shómbncpóp. ]qÀhImapIòmcnð Hcmfpw, h[in£bpsS ZrIvkm£nbpambncpó Xsâ h¡oens\bmhmw B Npw_\¯nð AhÀ e£yam¡nbXv. "\µn tam¬kntbmÀ" Fómbncpóp AhcpsS A´ysamgn Fópw Duln¡s¸«p. "Rm³ thiybmbncpóp, hôInbmbncpónñ" Fóv AhÀ ]dªXmbpw ]dbs¸Spóp.

amX lmcnbpsS icocw Gäphm§m³ IpSpw_mwK§Ä Bcpw aptóm«phcm³ CñmXncpóXn\mð AXv sshZyKthjW¯n\mbn amän h¨p. AhcpsS inckv, ]mcoknse icocLS\bpsS ayqknb¯nð kq£n¡s¸«ncpóp. Fómð 2000 Bïnð AXv ImWmXmbncn¡póXmbn Adnªp. ayqknbw asämcp sI«nS¯ntebv¡p amdnb 1954-ð AXv A{]Xy£ambXmbn IcpXs¸Spóp. 1918-se tcJIfnð, _m¡n icoc`mK§fpw ayqknb¯n\v ssIamäw sNbvXXmbn kqN\bpsï¦nepw Ahbpw Isï¯s¸«n«nñ.

((( amXmlmcn IYbpambn temI¯v Gähpa[nIw hmbn¡s¸Spó Fgp¯pImc\mb ]utem sImbv-tem F¯póp sk]väw_dnð {_koenepw \hw_dnð bp.Fknepw t\mhð dneokv sN¿pw. C´ybnð ]pkvXIw F¯pótXmsSm¸w Xsó aebmf ]cn`mjbpw {]kn²oIcn¡m\mWv ]utem sImbv-tembpsS IrXnIsfñmw aebmf¯nepw AhXcn¸n¨n«pÅ Un kn _pIv-knsâ {iaw. 'Zn kv-ss]' FómWv At±l¯nsâ Gähpw ]pXnb t\mhensâ t]cv.

{Iqcamb ]oU\§Ä¡v hnt[bbmIpt¼mÄ XShdbnð \nóv Xsâ h¡oen\v Abbv¡pó I¯pIfneqsS AXnkmlknIX \ndª amX lmcnbpsS PohnXs¯ shfn¨¯v sImïp hcnIbmWv ]utem sImbv-tem. Xsâ PohnXw F´psImïv C§s\bmbn FóXv aIsf Adnbn¡m\mWv Cu I¯pIÄ D]tbmKnt¡ïsXóv h¡oent\mSv ]dªn«papïv AhÀ.]utem sImbv-tembv¡v amXmlmcnbpsS PohnX¯nsâ thdn« ImgvN¸mSv F´mWv Fódnbm³ temIw apgph³ ImtXmÀ¡póp H¸w aebmfnI-fpw.

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