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AKXnIfpsS A C\n a[yXbneqsS P\lrZbfntebvv

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Story Dated: 2016-09-05


Cós¯ amkntUmWnb Fó cmPy¯v 1910 BKÌv Ccp]¯nbmdn\v P\n¨ BKv\kv Fó s]¬Ip«nbmWv Cós¯ aZÀ sXtck. kmam\yw \ñ km¼¯nIØnXnbpÅ IpSpw_¯nembncpóp P\\w. BKv\knsâ F«mw hbknð A¸³ acn¨p. AtXmsS km¼¯nIambn IpSpw_w {]bmk¯nembn. kaÀ¸nX PohnXw sXcsªSp¡phm³ ]{´ïmw hbknð BKv\kv Xocpam\n¨p. ]Xns\«mw hbknð Cu B{Klw \ndthäns¡mïv AbÀeïnepÅ kntÌgv-kv Hm^v semtdtäm Fó k\ymkn\n k`bnð tNÀóp.

87-mw hbknemWv knÌÀ acn¨Xv. hoSphn«v AbÀeïnte¡v t]mbtijw acn¡pónSwhsc ho«nð t]mhpItbm A½sbtbm ktlmZcnsbtbm ImWpItbm sNbvXn«nñ. AbÀeïnð Hcp hÀjw Cw¥ojv ]T\w Ignªt¸mÄ C´ybnð UmÀPnenMvlv Fó Øet¯¡v Ab¡s¸«p. 1831-ð BZy{hXw sNbvXp. Aóv sXtck Fó t]cv kzoIcn¨p. A½ t{Xkym, enkyphnse sIm¨pt{Xkym FónhtcmSpÅ BZchpsImïmWv Cu t]cv kzoIcn¨Xv.

C´ybnse tkh\w Bcw`n¨Xv Ið¡¯bnse skâv tacokv kv-Iqfnð lnÌdn, tPm{K^n Fónh ]Tn¸n¨psImïmWv. k¼ócpsS a¡Ä Bbncpóp ChnsS {][m\ambpw ]Tn¨ncpóXv. 15 hÀjw ChnsS ]Tn¸n¨p. C¡me¯v NpäpapÅ BfpIfpsS Iã¸mSpIÄ ImWpIbpw AXv a\knð Hcp thZ\bmbn cq]s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. 1946-ð UmÀPnente¡v Hcp [ym\¯n\mbn t]mIpt¼mÄ, Zcn{ZÀ¡pthïn {]hÀ¯n¡Ww Fó iàamb {]tNmZ\w Dïmbn. cïv hÀjt¯mfw {]mÀ°n¨v ssZhlnXw Isï¯phm³ {ian¨p. ]nóoSv AXv ssZhlnXamsWóv Xncn¨dnªp.

semtdtäm k\ymkn\ok`bnð\nóv ]pd¯phcphm³ At]£n¨p. B k\ymkn\ok`bpw I𡯠BÀ¨v _nj¸pw AXn\pÅ A\phmZw \ðIn. cïphÀjs¯ Cu Ime¯v Hcp \gv-kn§v tImgv-kpw ]Tn¨p. 1948-ð semtdtäm k`bnð\nópw ]pd¯phóp. shÅbnð \oeIcbpÅ kmcn HutZymKnI hkv{Xambn kzoIcn¨p. Hcp hmSIs¡«nS¯nð Xmakw XpS§n. tNcnIfnð {]hÀ¯\w XpS§n. BZys¯ Hcp hÀjw ITn\ambncpóp. `£W¯n\pthïn `n£ bmNnt¡ïn hón«pïv. aT¯nte¡v Xncn¨pt]mbmtem Fó iàamb Nn´bpw Dïmbn«pïv.

tNcnbnse Ip«nIsf Fgp¯pw hmb\bpw ]Tn¸n¡pI FóXmbncpóp BZytkh\w. ]Tt\m]IcW§Ä CñmXncpóXpsImïv sNfnbnð I¼psImïv FgpXnbmWv A£c§Ä ]Tn¸n¨Xpw Ip«nIÄ ]Tn¨Xpw. A£cw ]Tn¸n¡pótXmsSm¸w ASnØm\ BtcmKykwc£W, ipNnXzImcy§fpw ]Tn¸n¨ncpóp. 1950-ð anj\dokv Hm^v Nmcnän Fó k\ymkn\ok` XpS§n. Cu k` e£ywh¨ Imcy§Ä ChbmWv: hni¡póhÀ, \Kv\À, `h\clnXÀ, apS´À, AÔÀ, IpjvTtcmKnIÄ, A\mYXzw A\p`hn¡póhÀ, kv-t\lw In«m¯hÀ, ]cnNcWw In«m¯hÀ, Fñmhcmepw Dt]£n¡s¸«hÀ, kaql¯n\v thïm¯hÀ FónhÀ¡mbn tkh\w sN¿pI. Npcp¡n¸dªmð, imcocnIambpw km¼¯nIambpw am\knIambpw XIÀóhsc ip{iqjn¡pI.

k` {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nbXpapXð hoSnñm¯hÀ¡v hoSph¨p \ðIpI, A\mYÀ, `h\clnXcmb bphP\§Ä Fón§s\bpÅhÀ¡mbn hoSpIÄ Dïm¡n \ðIm³ XpS§n. ipNoIcW sXmgnemfnIfpsS thjamb \oe¡cbpÅ shÅkmcnbmWv aZÀ k`mwK§fpsS HutZymKnI hkv{Xambn sXcsªSp¯Xv. ]mh§tfmSpÅ ]£w tNcensâ {]XoIambn«mWv C§s\sbmcp hkv{Xw sXcsªSp¯Xv. anj\dokv Hm^v Nmcnän k\ymkn\o k`bnð Ct¸mÄ 4000-¯ne[nIw knÌÀamcpïv. AhÀ 697 Øm]\§fnembn 131 cmPy§fnð tkh\w sN¿póp.

GItZiw 124 {]ikvXamb AhmÀUpIÄ aZÀ sXtckbv¡v e`n¨n«pïv. {][m\s¸«h ChbmWv. ]Zva{io – 1962, t]m¸v tPm¬ 23-ma³ ]okv ss{]kv – 1971, tPm¬ F^v. sIóUn CâÀ\mjWð AhmÀUv – 1971, PhlÀemð s\lv-dp AhmÀUv t^mÀ CâÀ\mjWð AïÀ Ìm³Un§v – 1972, sS_nÄ«¬ AhmÀUv t^mÀ t{]m{Kkv C³ dnenPnb³kv – 1973, kam[m\¯n\pÅ s\mt_ð k½m\w – 1979, `mcXv cXv-\ – 1980, HmÀUÀ Hm^v Bkv-t{Xenb – 1982, HmÀUÀ Hm^v sadnäv Hm^v Izo³ Fenk_¯v – 1983, tkmhyäv ]okv I½nän tKmÄUv saUð – 1987, Atacn¡³ tIm¬{Kknsâ kzÀWsaUð – 1997

s\mt_ð k½m\Zm\ NS§ns\ XpSÀóv km[mcWbmbn HómwXcw UnóÀ]mÀ«nIqSn \S¯mdpïv. aZdn\v s\mt_ð k½m\w \ðInb thfbnð aZÀ ]dªp: UnóÀ]mÀ«n Hgnhm¡n B ]Ww C´ybnse ]mh§sf klmbn¡m\mbn \ðIWw. kwLmSIÀ AXv k½Xn¡pIbpw 192000 Atacn¡³ tUmfdnsâ UnóÀ thsïóph¨v ]Ww aZdn\v \ðIpIbpw sNbvXp.

1997 sk]väw_À Aôn\v aZdnsâ Bßmhns\ ssZhw kzÀK¯nte¡v sImïpt]mbn. acW¯n\v GXm\pw amk§Ä¡v ap¼phsc aZÀ anj\dokv Hm^v Nmcnän k`bpsS kp¸ocnbÀ P\dð Bbncpóp. acWImcWw lrZbmLmXw Bbncpóp. sk]väw_À 13-\mbncpóp kwkv-Imcw. s]mXpZÀi\¯n\v skâv tXmakv ssZhmeb¯nð h¨ncpó arXtZlw t\XmPn C³tUmÀ tÌUnb¯nte¡v {]Z£nWambn sImïpt]mbn. ssZhmeb¯nð\nóv F«v ]«mf DtZymKØcmWv arXtZlw FSp¯v C³tUmÀ tÌUnb¯nte¡v sImïpt]mIm\pev-f K¬ ImtcyPnðh¨Xv. 1948-ð arXkwkv-Imc¯n\v sImïpt]mIphm³ almßmKmÔnsb InS¯nb AtX K¬ ImtcyPmWv aZdns\ sImïpt]mIm\pw D]tbmKn¨Xv. PmXnaX t`Zsat\y GItZiw ]¯pe£w BfpIÄ tdmUn\v Ccphihpw BZchv AÀ¸n¨psImïv \nóp.

Cu ]¯pe£t¯mfw hcpó P\§fnð alm`qcn]£hpw CXc aXhn`mK§fnðs]SpóhcmbncpópshóXv aZdnsâ kzoImcyXbpsS sXfnhmbncpóp. t\XmPn C³tUmÀ tÌUnb¯nð \Só Znhy_enbnð 15000-t¯mfw t]À kw_Ôn¨p. h¯n¡m³ tÌäv sk{I«dn IÀZn\mÄ Bôtem skmUmt\m Bbncpóp apJyImÀanI³. Znhy_en¡pÅ hoªv _enthZnbnte¡v sImïphóXv Hcp IpjvTtcmKnbpw shÅw sImïphóXv Hcp XShpImcnbpw HmkvXn sImïphóXv Hcp hnIemwK\pambncpóp. aZdnsâ ip{iqjIÄ kzoIcn¨hcpsS {]Xn\n[nIsf¯só ImgvNh¸n\mbn sXcsªSp¯Xv Gähpw at\mlchpw hnthIw \ndªXpambn.

23 cm{ã¯ehòmÀ/{]Xn\n[nIÄ kwkv-Imcip{iqjbnð ]s¦Sp¯p. C´ysb {]Xn\n[oIcn¨v cm{ã]Xn sI.BÀ. \mcmbW³, {][m\a{´n sF.sI. KpPv-dmÄ FónhÀ ]s¦Sp¯p. Atacn¡³ {]knUân\pthïn `mcy lnñmcn ¢nâ¬, CäenbpsS {]knUâv, tPmÀUm³ cmÚn, kv-s]bn³ cmÚn, Lm\, sU³amÀ¡v, sh\ntkze {]knUâpamÀ, s_ðPnb¯nsâ cmÚn XpS§nb temIt\Xm¡Ä ]s¦Sp¯p. ap³ N¼ð sImÅ¡mcnbmbncpó ^qe³tZhnbpw BZchv AÀ¸n¡m³ F¯nbncpóp.

Gähpw Ahkm\w aZdn\v BZchv AÀ¸n¨Xv 74-Imc\mb sslµh ktlmc³ Bbncpóp. At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIÄ: Rm³ Hcp {_mÒW\mWv. ]t£, aZdn\v BZchv AÀ¸n¡msX F\n¡v Ccn¡phm³ Ignbpambncpónñ. A¿mbnct¯mfw t]menkpImcpw Bbncw a^vXn t]menkpImcpamWv kwkv-ImcZnhkw kpc£¡mbn \ntbmKn¡s¸«ncpóXv.
It¯men¡ hnizmkw A\pkcn¨pÅ {]mÀ°\IÄ¡v ]pdta, IpÀ_m\bv¡ptijw Bw¥n¡³, lnµp, CÉmw, kn¡v, _p², ]mÀkn hnizmk{]ImcapÅ {]mÀ°\Ifpw \S¯s¸«p. arXkwkv-ImcZnhkw C´ybnð tZiob Ah[nbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸«p. tÌäv ^yqWdð BWv aZdn\v \ðInbXv. AtóZnhkw C´y³ tZiob ]XmI ]IpXn Xmgv¯n sI«nbncpóp.

aZdnsâ \qdmw PòZn\¯nð C´ymKh¬saâv Aôpcq]m \mabw Cd¡n aZdns\ BZcn¨ncpóp. Pohn¨ncpót¸mÄ aZÀ ]dªp: Aðt_\nb\mWv Fsâ càw (amkntUmWnbbnð BWv P\n¨sX¦nepw aZÀ Aðt_\nb³ hwibmbncpóp). ]ucXzwsImïv Rm³ C´y³ BWv. hnizmkwsImïv It¯men¡ k`bnse k\ymkn\n. ssZhhnfnsImïv Rm³ temI¯ntâXv. lrZbwsImïv Rm³ tbiphnsâ XncplrZb¯ntâXpamWv.

arXkwkv-Imc ip{iqjbv¡v CSbnð I𡯠BÀ¨v _nj]v sl³dn Unkqk ]dªp: aZdnsâ ssIbnse NqSv aZdnsâ lrZb¯nse NqSnsâ ASbmfamWv. Znhy_enbnð apJyImÀanI³ Bbncpó h¯n¡m³ tÌäv sk{I«dn Bôtem skmUm\ ]dªp: sImSp¡póXmWv In«póXnepw B\µw Fóv ]Tn¸n¨hÄ BWv aZÀ. C³tUmÀ tÌUnb¯nse ip{iqjIÄ¡ptijw kntÌgv-kv Hm^v NmcnänbpsS P\dmÄ luknð arXtZlw kwkv-Icn¨p.

acn¨v BdphÀjw Ignªv 2003-ð tPm¬ t]mÄ cïma³ amÀ]m¸ aZdns\ hmgv¯s¸«hfmbn {]Jym]n¨p. tamWn¡ s_kv-dm Fó Hcp C´y¡mcnbpsS hbdnse SyqaÀ aZdnsâ a[yØXhgn amdnbXmbncpóp Cu {]Jym]\¯nte¡v \bn¨ AÛpXw. aZdnsâ Nn{XapÅ saUð Cu tcmKnbpsS icoc¯nðh¨v {]mÀ°n¨t¸mÄ kuJyw In«pIbmbncpóp. aZÀ acn¨v Hcp hÀjw Ignªv 1998 sk]väw_À Aôn\mWv Cu AÛpXw kw`hn¨Xv.
hnip²]Z {]Jym]\¯n\v ImcWamb AÛpXw \SóXv {_koenð BWv. aÄ«n¸nÄ s{_bv³ SyqaÀ _m[n¨ Hcp a\pjy\mWv kuJyw In«nbXv. Ct±l¯nsâ `mcybpw IpSpw_mwK§fpw aZÀ sXtckbpsS am[yØyw tXSn {]mÀ°n¡pópïmbncpóp. Hm¸tdj\mbn Hm¸tdj³ Xnbädnte¡v sImïphó tcmKn Ct±lw s]s«óv kuJyw {]m]n¨v Fgptóäncpóp.

Ccp]Xmw \qämïnse ^v-tfmd³kv ss\änw{Kð Fóv aZdns\ hntijn¸n¡póhÀ Dïv. Zcn{ZtcmSpw AhitcmSpapÅ ]cnKW\bpw ip{iqjIfpw ]cnKWn¨mbncn¡pw Cu t]cv \ðInbXv. t{]m-sse^nsâ t{]jnX IqSnbmbncpóp aZÀ. Gähpw Zcn{Zbmbn Pohn¡pIbpw At\Iw Zcn{ZÀ¡pw \nklmbÀ¡pw IpjvTtcmKnIÄ¡pw #wip{iqj sN¿pIbpw AXn\mbn k\ymkk`IÄ (anj\dokv Hm^v Nmcnän kntÌgv-kv; {_tZgv-kv) Øm]n¡pIbpw aäpw sNbvXn«pw aZdns\ Icnhmcn tX¡m³ {ian¨hÀ ïv. aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯m³ thïnbmWv km[pP\tkh\w sN¿pósXóv hnaÀin¨hcpïv. AXv kXyambncpónñ Fóv temI¯n\v apgph³ Adnbmw. kXyambncpsó¦nð F{Xtbm t]sc aZÀ amtamZok ap¡pambncpóp. Cñm¯ Btcm]W§Ä DbÀ¯póXv KqVe£y§tfmsSbmWv. aZÀ sNbvX Imcy§sf hnizmk¯nsâ shfn¨¯nð ImWm\pw hnebncp¯m\pw {ian¨hcpw aZdns\ hnaÀin¨n«pïv.

{][m\s¸« Imcyw CXmWv: aZÀ Ct¸mÄ FhnsSbmWv? tbiphnt\msSm¸w kzÀK¯nð. a\pjycnð NneÀ A]am\n¡pt¼mgpw ssZhw aZdns\ BZcn¨p. kzÀK¯nte¡v aZdns\ Iq«ns¡mïpt]mbn FóXp am{Xañ, C{X Npcp§nb ImewsImïv hnip²bmbn {]Jym]n¡phm\pw ssZhw Xncpa\kmbn. ssZhkv-t\ls¯{]Xn Fñmw Dt]£n¡pIbpw Zcn{Zbmbn Pohn¡pIbpw At\Iw Iãs¸Spóhsc klmbn¡pIbpw sNbvX aZdns\ BZcn¡m³ ssZhw a\kmbn. Cóv kzÀK¯nð CcpópsImïv AÛpX§Ä sN¿n¨psImïpw Xm³ Øm]n¨ k\ymkk`IÄ hgnbpw aZÀ Xsâ tkh\w XpScpóp.

aZÀ sXtck Bcw`n¨ ip{iqjIÄ Iãs¸«pw Poh³ \ãs¸Sp¯nbpw XpSÀópsImïncn¡pó anj\dokv Hm^v Nmcnän k`mwK§Ä¡v Fñmhn[ BiwkIfpw t\cpIbpw BZchv AÀ¸n¡pIbpw {]mÀ°\ t\cpIbpw sN¿póp. aZÀ \ap¡v Xcpó Hcp ktµiambn \ap¡v C§s\ Nn´n¡mw. acW¯neqsS Fñmw \ãs¸Spw. Aóv kzÀK¯nð F¯n¡ð AXpam{Xw _m¡nbpïmIpw. AhnsS F¯Wsa¦nð ssZhs¯ kv-t\ln¨pw a\pjysc klmbn¨pw Pohn¡Ww. {]`mjI³ ]dbpóp: acn¡pwap¼v Bscbpw `mKyhm³ Fóv hnfn¡cpXv. Fs´ómð, acW¯neqsSbmWv a\pjys\ AdnbpóXv." acW¯neqsS, aZÀ sXtck Hcp hnip²bmWv Fóv \mw Xncn¨dnªncn¡póp. aZdnsâ {]tNmZ\w kzoIcn¡mw; a[yØX tXSmw.



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