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kzw kvX\w apdnp {]Xntj[n \tenbpsS HmaIġv 200 hbv

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Story Dated: 2016-11-28

800IfpsS XpS¡¯nembncpóp tNÀ¯e Ic¸pdw Im¸p´e IpSpw_¯nse \t§enbpsS hn¹hIcamb Pohs\mSp¡ð. A¡me¯v aebmfn kv{XoIÄ¡v amdpadbv¡m³ A\phmZapïmbncpónñ. PmXymNmc{]Imcw ]pcpjòmÀ Ip¸mbanSpóXpw kv{XoIÄ »ukpw Pm¡äpw [cn¡póXpw A{X km[mcWambncpónñ Fóp am{Xañ, A§s\ sN¿póXv [n¡mcamsWóp IqSn NneÀ hymJym\n¨ncpópshómWv ae_mÀ am\zenð hneyw temK³ ]dbpóXv. \¼qXncnamcpsS BËmZ¯n\pthïn \mbÀ kv{XoIÄ amdpadbv¡cpsXóv ]cipcma³ hne¡nbncpsóó Akw_Ô IYbmbncpós{X Cu Zpjn¨ PmXymNmc¯nsâ ImXð.

Ipd¨p\mÄ bqtdm¸nð Xmakn¨ tijw XncnsI hó Hcp \mbÀ bphXn Bän§ð dmWnbpsS ap¼nð ad¨ amdpambn sNót¸mÄ dmWn sImSp¯ Ið]\ B amdv tOZn¨pIfbm\mWv Fóv 'Nne tIcf Ncn{X {]iv-\§Ä' Fó {KÙ¯nð {]^. Cf¦pfw Ipª³]nÅ ]dbpóp. A]cnjv-IrXamb AhØbv¡p amäwhcp¯m³ bXv-\n¨ Hcp]t£ BZys¯ kmaqlnI ]cnjv-IÀ¯mhv Sn¸p kpð¯m\mbncpóp. 1788ð Sn¸p kpð¯m³ tImgnt¡mSv kµÀin¨ thfbnð Fñm kv{XoItfmSpw amdv ad¨p \S¡m³ Ið]\bpïmbn. ]t£,   khÀWcpsS taðt¡mbva `bs¸«ncpó kv{XoIÄ  amdv adbv¡m³ hnk½Xn¨Xmbpw AXnð Ip]nX\mb Sn¸pkpð¯m³ amdp adbv¡m¯hcpsS kvX\§Ä tOZn¨p Ifbm³ hsc D¯chn«ncpóXmbpw tIcf kmwkv-ImcnI Ncn{X¯nð ImWpóp. XpSÀóphó {InkvXy³ anj\dnamcneqsSbmWv amdpadbv¡m\pÅ AhImit_m[w kv{XoIfnð A¦pcn¨p XpS§nbXv.

Fómð, aebmf kv{XoIfpsS amdp adbv¡m\pÅ Xzcsb F§s\ ]Wam¡n amämsaóXmbncpóp XncphnXmwIqÀ `cn¨ cmPm¡òmcpsS Nn´. amdp adbv¡póhcnð \nóv \nIpXnboSm¡pI Fó Xocpam\¯nemWv B Nn´ Ahkm\n¨Xv. A§s\bmWv ape¡c¯nsâ Bcw`w. \nIpXn ]ncns¨Sp¡m³ hmfpw ]cnNbpambn cmPIn¦còmcmWv F¯pI. \t§en ]mhs¸« Hcp Cugh IpSpw_¯nemWv P\n¨Xv. ape¡cw sImSp¡m³ Hcp hgnbpanñ. \nIpXn ]ncn¡m³ ]mÀhXy¡mcsâ t\XrXz¯nð In¦còmÀ ]eh«w hópt]mbn. ]e `ojWnbpw apg¡n. Hcp Znhkw \nIpXn ]ncn¡m³ AhÀ hoïpw hóp. `ojWns¸Sp¯n. kln¡h¿mXmbt¸mÄ \t§en Xsâ cïv apeIfpw I¯nsImïv apdn¨v Hcp \m¡nebnð ]mÀhXy¡mÀ¡v t\sc \o«n. A[nIw XmaknbmsX \t§en t_m[wsI«p hoWv càw hmÀóv acn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. hnhcadnªv HmSnsb¯nb `À¯mhv I︳ \t§ensb Zln¸n¨ NnXbnð¨mSn BßlXy  sNbvXp.

Be¸pg Pnñbnse tNÀ¯e ]«W¯nð 'ape¨n¸d¼v' Fó Øew Ct¸mgpw ØnXnsN¿pópïv. \t§en Pohs\mSp¡nbXn\ptijw ape¡cw \nbawaqew \nÀ¯em¡nsb¦nepw aebmf¯nse AhÀW kv{XoIÄ¡v amdpadbv¡m\pÅ AhImiw AwKoIcn¨p sImSp¡m³ amS¼nX¼pcm¡òmÀ X¿mdmbnñ. Bdm«p]pg thembp[¸Wn¡cpw almß A¿¦mfnbpsSbpsams¡ t\XrXz¯nð càcqjnXamb \nch[n kac§Ä Xsó thïnhóp B AhImiw Øm]ns¨Sp¡m³. AXnteähpw {][m\s¸«XmWv NmómÀ elf. NmómÀ elf, dmWn Kucn ]mÀhXn _mbnbpsS Ime¯v 1822emWv Bcw`n¨Xv. 1829ð Ahkm\n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

BZyL«¯nð NmómÀ kv{XoIÄ amdv adbv¡m\pÅ AhImiw t\SnsbSp¯p. cïmw L«¯nð amdnse Pm¡än\v ]pd¯v Hcp cïmwapïv IqSn D]tbmKn¡m\pÅ AhImihpw t\Snsbóv ZenXv _Ôp F³ sI tPmkv hnhcn¡póp. AhÀW kv{XoIÄ amdpadbv¡mXncn¡pI FóXv khÀWcpsS BNmc§fnðs¸«XmWv, AXns\ t`ZKXn sN¿m³ Hcp Znhm\pw dknUân\pw A[oiiàn¡pw A[nImcanñ Fó \ne]mSmWv Aóv khÀWÀ kzoIcn¨Xv. Abn¯ PmXn¡mcn kv{XobmWv Zqsc \nópw hcpósXóv Imte¡q«n¯só a\Ênem¡n Bhiyamb \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw Abn¯amhmXncn¡m\pÅ AIew ]men¡pIbpw sN¿póXn\p thïnbmWv Abn¯PmXn¡mÀ amdp adbv¡cpXv Fóv Bhiys¸SpóXv Fó Hcp \ymboIcWhpw AhÀ Dóbn¡mdpsïópw sslµh\oXnbpw \ymbhpsañmw Ft¸mgpw B hn[¯nemsWópw ZenXv _Ôp Iq«nt¨À¡póp. khÀWÀ A[xØnX hn`mK§tfmSv Im«nbncpó a\pjymhImi ewL\§Äs¡Xntc ]mÝmXy]cnjv-IrXtemIhpw IogmfP\Xbpw Häs¡«mbn t]mcmSnb C´ybnseXsó A]qÀhw kac§fnð Hómbncpóp NmómÀ hn¹hw.

aoi¡cw, Ae¡pIñpIcw
apebv¡v am{Xañ, aoibv¡pw Ae¡pIñn\pw sX§nð Ibdpó Xf¸n\pw GWn¡pw hsc \nIpXn ]ncn¨ncpóp cmPm¡òmÀ. Hcp tPmenbpw sN¿m³ h¿m¯ _elo\cnð \nóp 'Gg' Fó t]cnepÅ \nIpXn CuSm¡nbncpóp. a®nð\nóv s]m³XcnIÄ Acns¨Sp¡m³ {ian¨mð X«m³amÀ \ðtIï ]WamWv s]mócn¸v. a\pjysc sImó IópImenIÄ cmPmhn\v AhImis¸«XmWv. AXmWv sNs¦m¼v. sX§nepw ]\bnepw Ibdn D]Poh\w \S¯póhscbpw cmPmhv shdpsXhn«nñ.

AhÀ \ðtIï \nIpXnbmWv GWn¡mWw Asñ¦nð Xfm¸pIcw. a¬]m{X \nÀamXm¡fmb Ipihòmcnð \nóv sN¡ocbpw X«m³amcnð\nóv X«mi¸«hpw CuSm¡n. F´n\[nIw, taðaoi hbv¡m³ cmPmhv aoi¡mipw ]ncn¨ncpsóóv Fw F³ hnPb³ amjv FgpXnbn«pïv. XpWns\bv¯pImcnð \nóp 'Xdn¡Sa', Ae¡pImcnð\nóp 'h®mc¸md' ao³]nSn¯¡mcnð\nóp 'he¡cw' XpS§nb \nIpXnIÄ CuSm¡nbncpóp. IÅpsN¯pó I¯n¡v 'I¯n' Fó \nIpXnbpw Nmcmbw hmäpó N«n¡v 'N«n'Fó \nIpXnbpw sImSp¡Wambncpóp. B`cWw [cn¡m³ 'ta\ns¸móv' AYhm 'ASnbd' Fó \nIpXn sImSp¡Ww.

818 taSw 19mw Xn¿Xnhsc XncphnXmwIqdnse \mbòmÀ¡v kzÀWm`cWw [cn¡Wsa¦nð \nIpXn sImSp¡Wambncpóp. hoSv tabm\pw IeymW¯n\p ]´enSm\pw 'cmPt`mKw' \ðIWw. tamXncanSm\pw Xebnð Ddpamð sI«m\pw cmPmhn\v 'ImgvN'  kaÀ¸n¡Ww. IeymWw Ign¡m\pw \nIpXnbpïmbncpóp. 's]mens¸móv' Fómbncpóp t]cv. A\´cmhIminIÄ acWs¸«mð \ðtIï \nIpXnbmWv ]pcpjm´cw. cmPIpSpw_¯nse hnhml¯n\v IpSnbmòmÀ \ðtIïXmWv ImgvN. AhIminIfnñm¯hcpsS kz¯p¡Ä cmPmhv GsäSp¡pt¼mÄ AXn\v AämeIw. IpSpw_w A\yw\nóp t]mhmXncn¡m³ Zs¯Sp¯mepw cmPmhn\v Z¯pImgvN \ðIWambncpóp.



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