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FEATURED ARTICLE

hn-izm-kn-I k-`-I-fn \n-v A-I-ep-p-thm? ^m tPm-k ]p--tm-W-n-s A-t\zm-j-Ww F-m hn-izm-kn-I-fpw hm-bn-t--Xv

B[p\nI ss{IkvXh kaqlw km¼¯nI- kmaqlnI Bßob {]XnkÔnIfneqsSbmWv ISópt]mIpóXv. bYmÀY {]iv\§Ä Xncn¨dnªp ]cnlmcw Isï¯phm³ \mw {ian¡msX "Ccp«v sImïv Hm« AS¡pó" kao]\w kzoIcn¡póXv imizX ]cnlmcamInðñ. hnizmknIÄ k`IÄ hnSpsó¦nð AXnsâ bYmÀY ImcW§Ä Isï¯Ww. \ãvSs¸« BSpIsf Isï¯phm\pw XncnsI sImïphcphm\papf ITn\amb Hcp ]cn{iaw k`Ifpw, CShIIfpw, CSbòmcpw \St¯ïnbncn¡póp. kzbw Xncp¯en\p thïnbpÅ Hct\zjWamWv CXv. Xncp¯en\pw ]p\À {IaoIcW§Ä¡pw C\nbpw Ahkc§Ä Dïv. 2018 apXð 2020 hscbpÅ hÀj§Ä asäñm APïIfpw amänh¨v "]p\tcIoIcWhÀjambn" sImïmSmw. Cu hnjbw ]T\ hnt[bam¡nbt¸mÄ Rm³ Isï¯nb NnebmYmÀYy§Ä IqSpXð ]T\¯n\mbn Ipdn¡póp. • CSbòmÀ km[mcW¡mÀ¡pw, ]mhs¸«hcv¡pw kao]n¡m³ km[n¡m¯ kmlNcyw • BÀ`mS PohnXw ssienbm¡pó t\XrXzw • kaql¯nse Gähpw Xmsg X«nepÅhcpsS Bhiy§tfmSv CSbòmcpsS {]XnIcW§Ä. • hnizmknItfmSpÅ [mcvãyt¯msSbpÅ s]cpamä§Ä • kzm`mhnI \ntj[n¡s¸Spó kmlNcy§Ä • hÀ²n¨p hcpó {]Wb hnhml§Ä • Øm]\hev¡cn¡s¸Spó B²ymßnIX • It¼mfhev¡cn¡s¸Spó BtLmj§fpw, BNmc§fpw, A\pjvTm\§fpw. • aX, PmXnt`Zysat\y Hcp amÕcy¡fcnbmhpó BtLmj§Ä • DÅh\pw Cñm¯h\pw X½nepÅ A´cw • IpSpw_ {]iv\§fpw ISs¡SpXnIfpw aqeapÅ A]am\`b¯mð tZhmebw Dt]£nt¡ïnhóhÀ • Bhiyt¯¡mfpw, kuIcy§sf¡mfpw A[nIambn BIcvjW¯n\pw BUw_c¯n\pw Bcv`mS¯n\pw ap´q¡w sImSp¡pó CShIIÄ • k`bpsS Øm]\§fnð ]eXpw hyànIfpsS t]cpw s]cpabpw \ne\ncv¯póXn\pÄfD ]m[nIfmbn amdpóXpw AhX½nev A\mtcmKyIcamb aÕc§fpw \S¡póXpw • tZhmeb \ncv½mW¯nð ]Ws¡mgp¸nsâ kzm[o\w. *{]uVn¡pw BIÀjIXz¯n\pw ]Ws¡mgp¸n\pw {]m[m\yw \ðIn sImïpÅ tZhmeb ]p\À\ncv½mW§Ä: tIhew ]ncnhpIÄ \ðIm³ am{Xambn hn[n¡s¸« hnizmknIÄ. ]Ånbpw ]ÅntaSIfpw s]mfn¡pIbpw ]pXp¡n ]WnbpIbpw, aXnepIÄ, IpcniSnIÄ, kzÀW sImSnac§Ä, shSns¡«pIÄ, Xncptijn¸v I¨hSw. tZhmebw Ae¦cn¡m\v e£§Ä sNehnSpt¼mfv AX vtZhmeb ssNX\y¯n\v NmcpX]Icpónñ FóXpHmcv¡Ww. Hmtcm A\mhiyhpw Bhiyam¡n amäpt¼mfv PohnX¯nsâ ]pdt¼m¡nev At\IÀPohn¡póp FóXpw \mw adópt]mhpóp. • km¼¯nI kar²nk`bpsSbpw {InkvXob IpSpw_¯nsâbpw BXy´nI e£yamb amdn Nne BtLmj§Ä IpSpw_§fpsSbpw AhcpsS _Ôp¡fpsSbpw k¼¯pw Ipealnabpw hnfw_cw sN¿m\pÅ thZnIfmbnamdpóp. • aZy]m\¯nsâbpw A\mhiyamb sshtZinI kwkvImc§fpsSbpw cwKthZnIfm¡nbXp aqew a\w aSp¯pamdn \nð¡póhÀ • CShIIfnse A\mhiyamb 't^mcvamenän'IÄ aqew k`hntSïn hóhÀ •hnZym`ymk I¨hShpw BXpctkh\hnXcWhpw sam¯hym]mcambn hnet]ipóIt¼mf kwkvImcw km[mcW hnizmknIsf ]p¯³ k`Ifnte¡p tNt¡dphm³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIpóp. sbcpitew tZhmeb¯nð sN§men hnev]\¡msc Nm«hmÀ sImïSn¨p ]pd¯m¡nb IÀ¯mhv hoïpw hcphm³ Xmakn¡póXv `mKytam \nÀ`mKytam Fódnbnñ. BIÀjn¡s¸Spó IcnkvamänIv {]Øm\§Ä Bßob ab¡¯nemïhsc IqSpXð ab¡¯nte¡v XÅnhn«p NqjWw sNbvXv tImSoizcmIpó kwLSnX kaql¯nse ]pWymfòmÀZn\w {]Xns]m«napf¡póp. tcmKim´n Fóv tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ Xsó AÛpX¯n\mbn ]c¡w ]mbpó km[mcW¡mÀ. {]kwK¯n\nSbnð Dt¯P\¯n\mbn lmteep¿mbpw B½o\pw kzceb kwKoX¯nsâ tas¼mSntbmsS ImXS¡pó iЯnð ImXpIfnð CSn¨nd§pt¼mÄ tXmópó A\p`qXn Bßm`ntjIambn Nn{XoIcn¡s¸Spóp. k¼¯pw kar²nbpw Dïm¡phm³ thïn Hópanñm¯h\mbn Cu temI¯nð P\n¨p-Pohn¨p. Imðhdnbnð ]cabmKambn kzbw kaÀ¸n¨ tbip {Inkv¯phnsâ t]cnemWv CsXñmw FtómÀt¡Ww. sshhn[y§fnte¡p BIÀjn¡s¸Spó ]pXp]p¯³ IcnkvamänIv Bcm[\mssienIÄ, k`bpsS AwKoImcanñm¯ tbmK§Ä, {]mÀ°\mIq«mbvaIÄ, skÎpIfv Fónhbnev \nóv AIóncn¡pI Cóv km²yañm¯ A\p`h§fmbnamdpóp. {]hmk kaql¯nse `qcn`mKhpw bphP\§fpw bphIpSpw_§fpamWv. B[p\nI Bib hn\nab kwhn[m\§fv, PohnXssienIfv, BtLmj§fv apXembh Chsc {ZpXKXnbnð kzm[o\n¡póp. \Kc§fnð Hcp AÚmX¯zw \ne\nev¡póXn\mð k`bv¡v AXmXpØe§fnse {]hmknIsf At\zjn¡phmt\m, Xncn¨dnbphmt\m Bhiyamb Imcy£aamb kwhn[m\§tfm, Bibkw thZ\amcv¤§tfm k`IÄ¡nñ. Chm³Pen¡ð k`Ifnte¡pw s]´t¡mkvÕ`Ifnte¡pw DÅHgp¡zÀ²n¡póp. kmaql¯nse am\yX ¡ptIm«w hcmsXbpw A`nam\w ssIhnSmsXbpw Pohn¡phm³ thïn X§fpsS aX]camb NS§pIÄ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡phm³ thïn k`Ifnð IqSn \S¡qóhcpw Dïv [mcmfw, hnZymk¼ócpw kzm[o\ iànbpÅhcpamb BfpIfmWv C¡q«¯ne[nIhpw. IcnkvamänIv [ym\§fneqsS hyànIÄ¡znizmk¯nsâ DWÀhpw XojvWXbpw ]et¸mgpw AhcpsS CShI hnImcnamÀ¡v DÄs¡mÅm³ Ignªncpónñ. \½psS k`Ifnð\nópw thÀ]ncnªp t]mbhsc tami¡mcpw hgnsXänbhcpambn ImWpó at\m`mhw icnbñ. ]et¸mgpw AhÀ Iq«w sXänbXnsâ D¯chmZnXzw \ap¡mWv, k`bv¡mWv. kvt\l¯nsâbpw Iq«mbvabpsSbpw Ic§Ä \o«m³ \mw Iq«m¡m¯Xnsâ t]cnð In«nb Iq«mbvabnð ]¦ptNÀóhscbpw Bßmhnsâ ]pXnb {]hÀ¯\§sf Xpdó a\tÊmsS kzoIcn¡m\pw {]mÀ°\m ]qÀhw \bn¡m\pw Ignbm¯Xnsâ t]cnð KXn amdnt¸mb PohnX§sfbpw \mw IcpWtbmSpw BZcthmSpw IqSn¯só ImWWw. \ãs¸« \mWbs¯ IïpIn«pthmfw At\zjn¡pó Hcpa\Êpw ImWmsX t]mb BSns\ tXSn \S¡pó Hcp CSb lrZbhpw [qÀ¯ ]p{X\p thïn I®nse®sbmgn¨v Im¯ncn¡pó ]nXrlrZbhpw k`¡pïmIWw. Aev]t\c {InkvXym\nIfpsS F®whÀ²n¨Xv "Aev]t\c {InkvXym\n"IfpsS F®w k`Ifnð IqSnhcpóp. tZhmeb¯n\I¯p hcpt¼mÄ hnizmknbpsS apJw aqSnbWnbpIbpw AXn\p ]pd¯p GXp amÀ¤¯neqsSbpw AXymUw_cambn Pohn¡pIbpw sN¿pI FóXv Hcpssienbmbnamdpóp. Xónð AÀ¸nXamb Icv¯hy§Ä A\pjvTn¡pIbpw Acv°h¯mbn, amXrIbmbn Pohn¡pIbpw sN¿póhcpsS F®w Ipdbpóp. PohnXw sImïv kwkmcn¡póhcpsS F®w IpdbpIbpw \mhpsImïp kwkmcn¡pó t\Xm¡fpsS F®w hÀ²n¡pIbpw sNbvXXznizmknIfpsS k`ItfmSpÅ AIð¨¡pImcWamIpópïv. hnizkvXXbpw BßmÀYXbpw IpdªphcpóXpw, BßobX A`n\bn¡póhcpsS F®w IqSpóXpw hnizmknIsf k`bnð \nóIäpóp. emfnXyw ss{IkvXh k`Ifnð Ipdbpóp "PohnX¯nse emfnXyw" ss{IkvXh k`Ifnð Ipdbpóp FóXmWv D¯cm[p\nIXbpsS {]tXyIX. AXymhiy¯n\pt]mepw e`n¡msX hcpt¼mgpw "aXn" Fóp]dbm\pÅ BÀPhXzamWv Bßob iànbpsS emfnXyw. \{kmb\mb tbip {InkvXphnsâbpw injycpsSbpw amXrI A\pIcn¨v efnX PohnX ssienbntebv¡v amXrIbmtIïhÀamdWw. at\m`mh¯nepw {]hcv¯\ ssienIfnepw, IqSpXñmfnXyw ]peÀ¯Ww. kar²nbpsS kwkv¡mc¯nevPohn¡pó B[p\nI kaql¯nð, tbip{InkvXphnsâ PohnX¯nse emfnXysaó \òIm«nsImSp¡phm³ Akmam\yamb BßmÀ°Xbpw [ocXbpw t\Xm¡Ä¡v A\nhmcyamWv. Fómð Cóv hn]coX Znibnð D]t`mK kwkvImc¯nepw, hyàn]qPbnepw kzm[o\n¡s¸«p aen\am¡s¸Spóp B[p\nI ss{IkvXh t\XrXzw. B´cnI kzmX{´yapÅnSt¯ Bhiy§fnev\nópÅ hnSpXð km[yamIq. sImfp¯n¸nSn¡phmt\m, H«n¸nSn¡phmt\m kzbw A\phZn¡mXncn¡pó DÅnsâ kzmX{´yamWXv. ISsaSp¯ IpSntbäkwkvImcw {]hmknIfpsS temI¯nð ISsaSp¯ IpSntbä kwkvImcw X§fpsS hnizmk¯nsâbpw, ]mc¼cy§fpsSbpw ssIamä¯nepw, IpSpw__Ô§fpsS ]hn{XXbnepw amäw kw`hn¨p. Atacn¡, bqtdm¸v, Bkvt{Senb XpS§nb hntZicmPy§fnte¡v IpSntbdpó bphP\§Ä `qcn]£hpw AhnsS ØncXmakam¡pIbmWv. tPmen, ]T\w, hntZiIpSntbäw FónhbpsS ^eambn Häs¸Spó amXm]nXm¡Ä, iq\yamIpóhoSpIÄ. B[p\nI IpSntbä§Ä hgnamXm]nXm¡Ä¡v a¡sf \ãs¸Spóp FóXñ adn¨q a¡Ä¡v IpSpw_w \ãamIpóp FóXmWv. IpSpw_ kwkvImcw Häbm³ kwkvImcambnamdpóp. CXv `mhn¡v Gsdbpw A]ISIcw! km¼¯nI t\«w am{Xw e£yam¡n a¡sf hntZit¯¡v Abv¡pt¼mÄ \ãamIpóXv IpSpw_¯nsâ sFizcyamWvv. Hcpan¨p {]mÀYn¡pó IpSpw_w Hcpan¨pPohn¡pw. Hcpan¨p tZhmeb¯nð t]mIpó coXn \{kmWn ]mc¼cy¯nð Dïmbncpóp. Fómð Cóv Bcm[\m `mj a\knemIpónñ Fót]cnð cïp ]Ånbnte¡v t]mIphm³ \nÀ_Ôn¡pó ]p¯³ kwkvImcw IpSpw_¯nsâ Xmfw sXän¡pw. IpSntbäw Cópw Cósebpw XpS§nbXñ. ]ïv ae_mdnte¡v IpSntbä¡mÀ IpSpw_ambn«mWv IpSntbdnbXv. Xòqew IpSpw__ԧġv Hcp Ipdhpw Dïmbnñ. hyànbnð IpSpw_¯n\pÅ \nb{´Whpw IpSpw_ {]mÀ°\bpw, ssZhhnizmkhpw, Abð]¡ _Ôhpw A`wKpcw XpSÀóp. Fómð Cóv \Kc§fnte¡pw hntZicmPy§fnte¡pw `qcn]£w t]cpw hyànIfmbmWv IpSntbdpóXv. ]nóoSv hÀj§Ä¡v tijamWv ]pXnbØe¯v AhÀ IpSpw_w Øm]n¡póXv. CXn\nSbnse PohnXw Gsd k¦oÀ®amWv. IpSpw_¯nsâtbm, kaql¯nsâtbm \nb{´Whpw kwc£WbpanñmsX Hcphenb kaql¯nð Häs¸«pIgntbï AhØ. AhnsS B[p\nI kwkvImc¯nsâ kzm[o\§sf hnthN\m tijntbmsS kao]n¡phm³ Gsd Pm{KX BhiyamWv. kzoIcnt¡ï \òIsf kzoIcn¡m\pw Dt]£nt¡ï XnòIsf Dt]£n¡m\papÅ BcvPhamWp bphXeapdbvIv DïmtIïXv. Cu temIs¯ ssI]nSn¨p \St¯ïXv \msfbpsS hmKv[m\§fmb Ip«nIfmWv, AhcmWv PohnX¯nt\mSv Gähpw sXm«p\nð¡póXv. Hmtcm hyànbnepw PohssNX\yw D¨Ømbnbnse¯n\nð¡póXv AhcpsS sbuh\Ime¯mWv. \ndªp\nev¡pó Cu DucvPs¯ icnbmb Znibnte¡v Xncn¨phntSïXpïv. AXn\pthï {]tNmZ\hpw t{]mÕml\hpw, amcvK \ncvt±ihpw icnbmb kab¯v, icnbmb coXnbnð e`n¨ncn¡Ww. AXnsñ¦nð B DucvPw apgph³ hgn sXän HgpIm\mWv km²yX. \½fv Hmtcmcp¯cpw Hcp hyànbmbncns¡¯só al¯mb am\hcminbpsS `mKw IqSnbmWv. Ah\h\nevam{Xambn Npcpïp IqSphm\pÅñ \½psS hyànXzw. AXv NpäpapÅ kaql¯nte¡pw AXn\¸pd¯pÅ temI¯nte¡pw IhnsªmgpIWw. ]p¯³ Xeapd ]mÝmXy kwkv¡mc¯nsâ kzm[o\ heb¯nevs]«v amdn kôcn¨p sImïncn¡pópshóXp Hcp Btcm]Ww am{XamWv. bYmcv°¯nev, bphXeapd hgn amdnkôcn¡póp Fóp]dbphm³ km[n¡nñ. B Nn´ apXncvóhcpsS a\Ênev ]än¸nSn¨ncn¡pó Hcp ]cn{`m´n am{XamWv. Hcp ]cn[nhsc FñmImcy§fnepw \½fpw ]mÝmXysc A\pIcn¡pI Xsóbmbncpóntñ Fó tNmZyw _m¡n\nð¡póp. `£Ww, hkv{X[mcWw, `mj, kwkv¡mcw, km¼¯nIamb hfÀ¨ Fónhbnseñmw X\na \ãs¸«psImïncn¡pó Ime¯mWv \mw Pohn¡póXv. BtKmf hyhØnXnbpsS `mKambn \mw amdnsImïncn¡pIbmWv. HcpImcy¯nse¦nepw \mw Pm{KX ]pecvt¯ïXpïv. \½psS bphXeapd AhcpsS kz´amb, k¼óamb kmwkvImcnI ss]XrIw ad¡phmómw ImcW¡mcmIcpXv. kzbw Isï¯phm\pff {ia¯nemWv ]p¯³ Xeapd. Ah\htâXmb Hcp]mX Asñ¦nð Ah\htâXmb HcnSw Isï¯m\v {]bXv\n¨p sImïncn¡pIbmWv. C¡mcy¯nð apXnÀó Xeapdbv¡v Fs´¦nepw kmcambn kw`mh\ sN¿phm\v km[n¡psam FómWv t\mt¡ïXv. AhcptSXmb coXnbnð Ahcv AXv DÄs¡mïpsImÅpw. hntZicmPy§fnte¡v IpSntbdn]mÀ¡pó cïmw Xeapdbnevs¸« Nnesc¦nepw HcpXncn¨p hchv B{Kln¡póp FóXv HcpbmYmÀYyamWv. kz´w ss]XrI k¼¯nsâ hne AhÀ a\Ênem¡n¯pS§nbncn¡póp. \½psS Aaqeyamb ]mc¼cy¯nepw, ss]XrIk¼¯nepw Bßm`nam\apÅhcmbn Cónsâ XeapdamdWw. kz´ambn«pÅ B\n[n Ipw`¯ntes¡móv DufnbnSphm³ Ahsc klmbn¡Ww. AhnsS \nóp Aaqey§fmbap¯pw ]hnghpw AhÀ hmcnsbSp¡s«. \½psS kwkv¡mc¯nsâ hnebpw \nebpw a\Ênem¡phm³ Ahcv¡v Ahkc§sfmcp¡n sImSp¡qIbmWv Cóv \mw sNt¿ïXv. AñmsX hñXpsams¡ ]dªv AhcpsS a\Êv amäm\v {ian¡pI bñthïXv. kzbwAdnªXpw, A\p`hn¨Xpw AhÀ¡p a\Ênem¡phm\pÅ Ahkcw Hcp¡n sImSp¡pIbmtWzïXv. IgnªXeapdIfv, hntijn¨pw \½psS sXm«p ap¼nepÅ cïp aqópXeapdIfv, ]p¯³ Xeapd¡v t\cmb Znimt_m[w \ðIpóXntezï{X\njvIÀjX]men¨ncpónñ. \½psS X\Xmb kmwkvImcnI k¼¯nsâ hne AhÀ¡p a\Ênem¡ns¡mSp¡phm\v{i²sh¨n«nñ. ImcWw, Pohn¡phm\pÅ X{´¸mSnð AsXmópw kzbw sXm«dnbm\v Ahcv¡pw Ahkc§fpïmbnñ FóXmWymYmÀYyw. al¯mb B ]mc¼cy¯nsâ kzm[o\w Cós¯ Xeapdbnse PohnXs¯ F{Xt¯mfw kv]cvin¨n«pïv? \mw Cópw AÔambn ]mÝmXy kwkvImcs¯ A\pIcn¡pIbtñ sNbvXXv? Hcp]cn[nhsc Fñm Imcy§fnepw \½fv ]mÝmXysc A\pIcn¡pIXsóbmbncpóp. ]pXnb Xeapd B]cn[nbpw ISóv Að]w IqSn apt¼m«p t]mbn Fópam{Xw. ISóp t]mb Xeapdtb¡mÄ GXm\pw NphSpIÄ IqSn apt¼ms«z¡phm\v ]pXnb Xeapd{ian¡póp Fóvam{Xw. \ap¡p Ibdn Ibdn ]äphm³ ss[cyanñmXncpó Dbc§fnte¡v ]pXnbXeapd Ibdn¸äpóp. sbuh\w Fóp ]dbpóXv ]qcvWambpw hnIkn¨p Ignªn«nñm¯ Hcp AhØbmWv. Ahcv{]tXyIns¨mópw Bbn¯ocv«nónñ, hfcv¨bpsS hgnIfneqsS sasñ \Sóp \o§n XpS§nbtXbpÅq. \n§Ä \n§fptSXmb sIm¼pIfnevtNt¡dnIgnªhcmWv. Ahtcm? kz´ambn, ØncXbpÅ Hcp Øm\w tXSns¡mïncn¡póhcmWv, F¯n¸nSn¡ms\mcp sIm¼v Isï¯m\mbn AhÀ Npäpw ]cXn sImïncn¡pIbmWv. AXp Iïv \½Ä] cn{`an¡póp. Ip«nIÄ shdpsX PohnXw ]mgm¡n¡fbpósñm, hgnsXänt]mIpósñm FsóñmtamÀ¯v ]gb Xeapd k¦Ss¸SpóXnð AÀYanñ. XpScpw.....

PmXn aX cmjv{Sob hyXymkw Xom Xangv Pnsv

Xangv\m«nð sPñns¡«v kIe sI«pIfpw s]m«n¨v {]Xntj[¯nsâ sImSp¦mägn ¨phn«psImïncn¡pIbmWv. \qämïpIfmbn \S¯n-bncpó sPñns¡«v Hcp kp{]`mX¯nð C´ybpsS ]ctamóX \oXn]oTw \ntcm[n¨psImïv D¯chnd¡nbt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc Xangv P\XbpsS {] XnImcw BÀ¯nc¼n AXnð AhÀ HóptNÀóp. AhnsS PmXnbpw aXhpanñmXmbn. sImSnbpsS \ndhpw ]mÀ-«nbpsS NnÓhpw Bcpw Iïnñ. hÀ®hpw hÀ¤hpw AXnð AXnÀhc¼v krjvSn¨nñ. AhÀ Häs¡«mbn cwK-¯p hót¸mÄ kp{]ow tImSXn t]mepw F´v sN¿WsaódnbmsX Ipgªpt]mbn. arKkvt\lnIfpw arKhmZnIfpw AXv Iïv HmSnsbmfn¨p. \nba¯nsâ ]S hmfpambn cwK¯phcphm³ BÀ¡pw ss[cyapïmbnñ. Bcpw AXns\Xnsc k-achpambn cwK¯p hcnItbm hgn tbmc¯pw `cWkncm-tI{µ§fnepw aäpambn ]´ð sI«n InSónñ. A§s\ Bsc¦nepw hóncpsó¦nð ]nóosSmcn¡epw AhÀ¡v kacw \bn¡m³ IgnbmsX t]mtbs\. arKkvt\l¯nsâ At¸mkvtXmeòmcmb ta\Im KmÔnbpw aäpw sPñns¡«nse arK]oU\w A-dnsª¦nepw Adnbm¯Xpt]mse A`n\bn¨p. A`n{]mbw ]dbmXncn¡m³ AhÀ au-\a`n\bn¨p. au\w hnZzm\p`qjWhpw hnUvVn¡sXm-cp Ae¦chpsaóv ]dbpwt]mse ta\ImKmÔn¡sXmcp kzbw kwc£Whpambnsbóp ]dbmw. apópw ]nópw t\m¡msX F´pw {]hÀ-¯n¡pó Xangt\mSv arKkvt\lhpambn sNómð arK¯nt\mSv sN¿póXnt\¡mÄ IjvSambn sN¿psaóv AhÀ¡dnbmw. AXpsImïp Xsó ta\Im KmÔn Hcmt{Imihpw \S¯nbnñ. \nba¯nsâ bmsXmcp hmfpambn cw-K¯phónñ. AsXms¡ tIcf¯nse ]mh§fpsS ASpt¯ NnehmIpIbpÅp. Ah cpsS ASp¯p am{Xsa \nba¯nsâ hmfpw A[nImc¯nsâ Al¦mchpambn h-óv Ddªp XpÅm³ Ignbq. tIcf¯nð ]«n ISn¨v ]nôp Ipªp§fpsS t]mepw B´co Imhbh§Ä XIÀóv Ahi Xbnembt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc P\w {]XnIcn¨t¸mÄ AhcpsS ap³]nð \nba¯nsâ hmfpambn A[nImc¯nsâ Alw`mh¯nð DdªpXp ÅnbXmWv ta\Im KmÔn. AXv Iïv a{´namÀ t]mepw tNmZn¨v amf¯nsemfn¨p. Xangv\m«nð ta\-ImKmÔn t]Sn¨t¸mÄ tI-cf¯nð AhÀ t]Sn¸n¨p hnd¨p. AXmWv Xangv\mSpw tIcfhpw X½nepÅ hyXymkw. AhcpsS GXv s]mXp{]iv\ ¯nepw AhÀ¡v B Hs¯mcpabpïv. \mb {]iv\¯nð tIcfw cïv X«mbn. a-\pjys\ ISn¨pIodn \mbv ssP{X bm{X XpSÀót¸mÄ a\pjy sâ Poht\¡mÄ hne arK¯n\p \ðIn tIcfw cïv X«nembn. AXmWv tIcfhpw Xangv\mSpw X½nep-Å hyXymkw. s]mXp hnjb¯nð AhÀ HóptNcpw. DZmlcW¯n\v apñs¸cnbmÀ hnjbw XsósbSp¡mw. apñs¸-cnbmÀ hnjb¯nð Xangv\mSv Hä sI«mbn s]mcpXnbt¸mÄ tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡òmÀ ]e X«nembn. Uman\v hnÅ-epsïóp Isï¯pIbpw A-Xv XIcpsaópw tIcf¯nse \mev PnñIÄ shůn\Snbn emIpsaóv Iïn«pt]mepw tIcf¯nse cmjv{Sob t\XrXzhpw Ne¨n{X kmwkv-ImcnI t\XrXzhpw iàambn cwK¯phcnIbpïmbnñ. B {]tZi¯pÅ P\§Ä am{Xw {]Xntj[hpambn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbpÅp. AhcpsS {]Xntj[ ka-capdIÄ iàambn hót¸mÄ Nne cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmÀ cw K¯phcnI-bpïmsb¦nepw AhÀ ]nóoSv ]n³hm§pI bpïmbn. ImcWw tX\nbn epw I¼¯papÅ  AhcpsS A\[nIrX kz¯phnhcw ]pd¯phnSpsaóv PbefnX ]dªXmWs{X. A{XtbbpÅp tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡òmcp-sS kachocyw. tIcf¯nse P\§fpsS Poh\p Xsó `ojWnbmb Umansâ Im-cy¯nð au\w ]men¨ ae-bmf¡cbpsS kq¸À Xmc§Ä sPñns¡«nð sFIyZmÀVyw {] ISn¸n¨psImïv cw-K¯phóXmWv Gsd ckIcamb kw`hw. tIcf¯nð P\§Ä Znhk§tfmfw kac-hpambn cwK¯p hót¸mÄ AXn semc`n{]mbhpw ]dbm¯ Cu kq¸À Xmc§fpsS tZi hnImcw k½Xnt¡ïXmWv. tIcfw kq¸À Xmc§fm¡nb ChcpsSsbms¡ Cu hnImc {]IS\w ImWpt¼mÄ tXmónt¸mIpI tNmdnhnsSbpw Iqdv AhnsSbpsaómWv. Xangv P\XbpsS sFIyw AXv GXv Im-cy¯nembmepw AXpIïv \mw Du äw sImÅmdpïv. Fómð \½psS Imcy¯nð \mw ]e X«nembn amdpIbmWv ]Xnhv. AXmbncn¡mw \½psS Gähpw henb ]cmPbhpw. AXpsImïpXsó Xan-gv\mSns\ C´ybpsS ]ctamóX \oXn]oTamb kp{]ow tImSXnt]mepw `b¡póp. tImSXnbpsS D¯chns\ Imänð ]d¯ns¡mïv sPñns¡«v XpScpsaóv P\w ]dbpt¼mÄ tImSXne£ysamópw Bcpw Dóbn¡pItbm D-¯chnSpItbm sNbvXnñ. A§s\sbmcp \o¡apïmbmð AXv F´v Zqjy^e§fp-ïm¡psaóv tImSXn¡pt]mepadnbmw. tI{µkÀ¡mcpIÄt]mepw Xangv\mSnt\mSpw tIc-ft¯mSpw cïv coXnbnemWv {]hÀ¯n¡póXv. tI{µ _P-änembmepw sdbnðsh _Pänem bmepw aäv hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\¯nembmepw tI-cf¯n\v e`n¡póXv bPam\sâ taibnð \nóv hogpó A¸¡jW§Ä am{Xw. Xangv\mSn t\m ssI \ndsb. tI-cf¯n\v Hcp tem¡ð s{Sbn³ A\phZn¡pó Øm\¯v Xangv\mSn\v \ðIpóXv Aônð IqSpXð ZoÀLZqc s{Sbn\p Ifmbncn¡pw. _Pänð A\phZn¡pó XpIbpw CXpt]msebmbncn¡pw. tI{µa{´n k` cq]oIcn¡pt¼mÄ tIcf¯n\v Htóm ctïm a{´nsb In«nbmð Bbn. Fómð Xangv\mSn\v tNmZn¡pó a{´namtcbpw hIp¸pIfpw \ðIpw. tImSXnbpw tI{µhpsañmw Xangv\mSnsâ Imcy¯nð Hcp \bhpw tIcf ¯nsâ Imcy¯nð asämcp \bhpamWv. AXn\p ImcWw AhcpsS P\XbptSbpw t\Xm¡òmcptSbpw kwØm\¯nsâ s]mXp{]iv\t¯m SpÅ sFIyt_m[hpw AÀ¸Wt_m[hpamWv. \½psS tIcf¯nð AXn\v t\sc hn]coXambXmWv. AXmWv tIcf¡cbpsS ]cmPbhpw t]mcmbvabpw. sPñns¡«v tIcf¯nembncpsó¦nð tImS Xnhn[ns¡Xnsc Bcpw {] Xntj[n¡pIbnñmbncpóp. tImSXnhn[n \S¸m¡msX tbm AXns\Xnsc {]kvXmh \t]mepw Cd¡póhÀ-s¡Xnsc tImSXnbe£yhpambn tImSXn D¯chpam-bn htós\. sPñns¡«nð tImSn D¯chns\ FXnÀ¡póXv icntbm sXtäm FópÅXñ AhcpsS kwLSnX iànbm Wv Iïp ]Tnt¡ïXv. kw LSnX iàn¡p apónð ap«paS¡m¯ `cWIqS§fnñ. Imänð ]d¡m¯ tImSXn \nba§tfm Cñ. AXnð IqSn AhÀ AhcpsS AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡pw. Bhiy§Ä tNmZn¡msX Xsó `cWIqS§Ä \ðIpw. AXmWv sPñns¡«nð IïXv. \nbat¯bpw \nba hyhØnXntbbpw FXnÀ-¡Wsaóñ CXnð¡qSn AÀ°amt¡ïXv. sFIy¯nð IqSn AhImi§Ä t\Snsb-Sp¡pt¼mÄ Ass\Iy¯nð IqSn AÀlXs¸«Xpw \jvS-s¸Sp¯pIbmWv sN¿póXv. AXn \pZmlcW§fmWv apñs¸cnbmdpw sPñns¡«pw Asñ¦nð Xangv\mSpw tIcfhpw AXv tIcfs¯ GXv coXnbnð F¯n¡psaóv ]dbm³ h¿. Hcp Imcyw Dd¸n¨p ]dbmw AXv \s½ DbÀ¨-bnte¡mbncn¡nñsbóv. AXv a\Ênem¡nbmð \óv.

67mw hmjnIamtLmjnp, AXnthKww ]ptcmKanp temI kmnI iIvXn

C´y kzX{´ ]c-am[nImc cmjv{Sambn«v Cu P\phcn 26\v 67 hÀjw ]nón«p Ignªp. hntZim[n]-Xy¯nsâ ASnaXz¯nð \nóv kztZi cmjv{Sob t\Xr-Xz¯nsâ ssIIfnð C´y In«p t¼mÄ ]«nWnbpw ]cn-h«hpambn \«w XncnbpIbm-bncpóp. aqómw temIcmjv-{Ssaóv C´ysb Ifnbm¡n-b ]mÝmXy hnIknX cmjv-{S§Ä¡p ap³]nð C´ybnóv A htcm-fsa ¯nsbóv ImWn¨psImSp¡pIbpïmbn. Aóv Ifnbm¡nbhÀ C-óv C´ysb Iq«p]nSnbv¡m³ aÕcn¡pt¼mÄ \mw F{Xam{Xw hfÀópsbóv Duln-¡mhpótXbpÅp. C´ybvs¡m¸w kzmX{´yw In«pIbpw kzbw`c WmhImiw t\SpIbpw sNbvX ]e cmPy§fpw hfÀ¨bpsS Imcy¯nð hfsc ]nónemsWóp ]dbmw. ]e cmPy§fpw hfÀ¨ apcSn¨v Nnó `nóambn«pïv. Fómð C ´ybpsS hfÀ¨ AXnthKhpw A`n\µ\obhp-amsWóv ]dtbïXpXsó. AXnð C´ysb \bn¨ `-cWIÀ¯m¡sf \µntbmsS kva cnt¡ïXpXsóbmWv. AhcpsS ZoÀLho£-Wt¯msSbpÅ {]hÀ¯\§fpw ]²XnIfpamWv AXn\p ]nónseóp Xsó ]dbmw. cmjv{Sob¯n\¸pdw cmPyt¯bpw P\§tfbpw kvt\ln¡pIbpw tkhn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóhcmbncp-óp Aós¯ cmjv{St\Xm¡fpw `cWm[nImcnIfpw. Iym-ad I®pIfnte¡p am{Xw {i²n¨psImïv s]mÅbmb hmKvZm\§fpw aäpambn `c-Ww \S¯pó Cós¯ `cWm[n ImcnIfnð \nóv Gsd hyXykvXcmbncpóp Ahscóp ]dbmsX h¿. ]«nWn amän ^e`qbnjvSamb cmjv{Sam¡n amäm³ ]Þnäv PhlÀemð s\lvdphnsâ ]¦v hf-sc hepXmbncpóp. cmjv{S¯nsâ hfÀ¨bnð henb ]¦phln¡pó IÀjIsâ ITn\m²zm\hpw, cmPys¯ aªpw agbpw shbnepw NqSpw XWp¸p taäv cm]IenñmsX Im¯p kq£n¡pó PhmòmcpsS tkh\hpw Iïv Ahsc ap³\nÀ¯n AhÀ¡pthïn {]hÀ¯n¨ emð _lZqÀim kv{XnbpsS `cWw IÀjI\p Xm§pw XWepw ssk\oI\v iànbpambncpóp. AXv ap³ \nÀ¯n At±l¯nsâ ap{Zm hmIyw "Pbv Phm³ Pbv In km³' Cópw `mcXa®nð Bthi¯nsâ AeI-Sepbcpw. km¼¯nI ASn¯d `{Zam¡m³thïn Cµncm KmÔn A[nImctasäSp¯t¸mÄ ISp¯ km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbnembncp-óp C´y. AhcpsS ISp¯ km¼¯nI ]cnjv¡mc§fnð¡qSn AXnð \nóv IcIbdm³ C´ybv¡p km[n¨p. 1969þð sImïphó _m¦pIfpsS tZikmð¡cWw J\n taJe tZikmð¡cn¡Ww. C³jpd³kv taJebpsS hfÀ¨ XpS§nbh C´ybnð iàambn Dïm¡nsbSp¡m³ I gnªp. Bdmw ]ôhðkc ]²Xn \S¸m¡nbXv samdmÀPn tZimbnbmbncpóp. AXv ImÀjnI hfÀ¨bv¡pw sNdpInS hyhkmb¯n\pw Ht«sd Xm§pw XWepam-bncpóp. h³InS hntZi hyhkmbnI `oa³amsc C´ybnð \ntómSn¨v sNdpInS hyhkmbw t{]mÕmln¸n¨-Xv At±l¯nsâ Ime¯m-bncpóp. ]nóoSv hó N-c¬kn§pw ImÀjnI hfÀ¨ ap³\nÀ¯n `cWw \S¯pIbpïmbn. samdmÀPn tZim-bnbpsS Ime¯v XpS§nh¨ PetkN\ ]²XnIfnð Nne sXms¡ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ Npcp¡ Imesa `cns¨mÅpsb¦nepw Nc¬knw§n\v Ignªpsbóv ]dbmw. cmPohv KmÔnbpsS kw`mh\sbóv FSp¯p ]dbmhpó HómWv imkv{X kmt¦XnI cwKs¯ C´ybpsS hfÀ¨. imkv{X-kmt¦XnI cwK¯v Cóv C-´y C{Xb[nIw hfÀ¨ {]m-]n¡m³ ImcWw Aóv \S¸m¡nb `cW ]cnjv¡mc§fm-bncpóp. imkv{Xkmt¦XnI cwK¯v C´y Cóv h³ hfÀ¨ ssIhcn¡m³ ImcWw cmPohv KmÔn iàamb ASn¯d bn«psbóXmWv. At±-lw AXn\mbn Hcp hIp¸v a{´nsb t¸mepw \nban¨p. sI.BÀ. \mcmbW\mbncpóp Aós¯ imkv{Xkmt¦XnI hIp¸nsâ kzX{´ NpaXebpÅ tI{µa{´n. C´ybpsS ssk\oI iàn hÀ²n¸n¡m\pw aäpambn IqSpXð {i² ]Xn ¸n¨ {][m\a{´nbmbncpóp hn.]n.knwKv. cmjv{Ss¯ tkhn¡pIbpw Im¯p]cnc-£n¡pIbpw sN¿pó ssk\oIs\ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw ssk\y¯n\v Bhiyamb kuIcy§Ä Hcp¡pIbpw sN¿pIbp ïmbXpw At±l¯nsâ Ime¯mWv. N{µtiJÀ {][m\ a{´nbmbt¸mÄ {][m\ambpw e£yan«Xv hmÀ-¯ hn\nabcwK¯mWv. hmÀ¯m hn\nabcwK¯v Cóv C´y h³ hfÀ¨ t\SpIbpïmbn. temIs¯hnsSbpw A-\mbmtk\ Cóv Bib hn\nabw \S¯m³ IgnbpóXnð N{µtiJdnsâ `cWt\Xr-Xz¯nsâ ASn¯dbn« {]-hÀ¯\amWv. At±l¯nsâ hew ssI¿mbn {]hÀ¯n¨ kmw ]o¯mtUmbpsS ]¦v hfsc hepXmbncpóp. sNdnb ImebfhmbncpóXpsImïv tZhKuUbv¡v Imcyamb {]hÀ¯\w ImgvNhbv¡m³ Ignªnñ.]n.hn. \cknwldm hp C´ysb km¼¯n-I cwK¯v hfÀ¯nsbSp¡pIbpïmbn. AXn\mbn temI¯nse Xsó F®s¸« km¼¯nI hnZKv²cnsemcmfmb tUm. a³taml³knw§ns\ [\Imcya{´nbm¡ns¡mïv km¼¯nI ]cnjv¡mc§Ä¡v t\XrXzw \ðIm³ dmhphn\v Ignªp. _m¦pIÄ¡p taepÅ \nb{´W¯n\v Abhp hcp¯ns¡mïv P\§Ä¡v IqSpXð Ffp¸¯nð hmbv]IÄ e`yam¡m\pw aäpw CXnð¡qSn Ignªp. sF.Sn. taJebpsS hfÀ¨ Cu Imebfhnð IqSpXepïmbnsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. imkv{X kmt¦XnIcwKs¯ hfÀ¨ cmPy¯nsâ apJÑmb Xsó amäpsaóv At±lw hnizkn¨p. sF.Sn. cwK¯pÅ hfÀ¨ FSp¯p]dtbïXmWv. C´ybpsS sF.Sn taJesb temIw {i²n¡m³ XpS§nbXv Aóp apXð-¡mbncpóp. sF.sI. KpPdmfpw Ipd¨pImesa `cn¨ncp-ópsb¦nepw hntZi\bw temIcmjv{S§fpsS CSbnð \S¸m¡m\pw Ignªp. hmPvt]bnbpsS `cWw {KmaoW P\XbpsS Dóa\¯n\mbn amän hbv¡pI bmWp ïmbXv. {Kmao-W P\XbpsS km¼¯nI `{Z-X Dd¸phcp¯m³ At±lw ]e ]²XnIfpw sImïphcnIbpïmbn. C´y ]m¡v AXnÀ °nIÄ IqSpXð kulmÀ± ]cam¡m³ At±lw i{an¨p. C´ybnð \nóv ]m-¡nØm\nte¡v _kv kÀÆokv t]mepw XpS§m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªp. sSentImw hyhkmb¯nð C´y IpXn¨pNm«w \S¯nbXv Cu Imebf-hnemWv. AXn\ptijw hó a³taml³knwKv s]m-XptaJem Øm]\§fpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw _m¦nwKv taJebpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw Icp¯p-ä t\XrXzw \ðIn. hnZym`ymk cwK¯pw C´y hfÀ¨ t\SpIbpïmbn. {]tXyIn¨v DóX hnZym`ymk cwK¯pÅ hfÀ¨ hntZi \nehmc-¯nepÅ kÀÆIemimeIfpw hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fpw Cu Ime¯pïmbn. F«v ]pXnb sF.Sn.¡v XpS¡an«Xv Cu ImebfhnemWv. Cµn-cmKmÔnbpsS Ime¯p \S-¸m¡nb km¼¯nI ]cnjv-¡mc§Ä XpSÀóp sImïpt]mIm³ IgnªpsbóXmWv FSp¯p ]dbmhpó Hóv. Cóv C´y hfÀ¨bnð \nóv hfÀ¨bnte¡v IpXn¨p NmSns¡mïncn¡pI bmWv. AXn\v t\XrXzw \ðInbhcpsS ]¦v hnkva-cn¡póXv \ñXñ. cmjv{Sob¯n\¸pdw cmjv{Ss¯ tkhn¡pI am{Xañ hfÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXn«pïv. Cóv C´ysb i{Xp cmjv{S§Ä AkqbtbmsS t\m¡n ImWpIbpw aäp cmjv{S§Ä an{Xam¡m³ t\m¡pIbpw sN¿póXv GsXm-cp C´y¡mc\pw A`nam\¯n\v hI \ðIpópïv. C\nbpw C´y hftcïnbncn¡póp. sF-Iycmjv{Sk`bnð ØncmwKXzw Fó kz]v\w C´ybv¡v km£mXv¡cn¡m³ Ign-ªn«nñ. AXn\p {][m\ XSÊw C´ybpsS hfÀ¨bnð Akqb ]qïncn¡pó i{Xp-cmjv{Samb ssN\bpsS ]nSn-hminbmWv. Atacn¡sbt¸msebpÅ h³InS cmjv{S§fpsS Cc«¯m¸p \bhpw AXnsâ ]nónepsïóp Xsó ]d bmw. Fómð C´y {]Xo£IÄ ssIhnSmsX AXn\pÅ {iaw XpSÀópsImtï-bncn¡Ww. C´y ]m¡v AXnÀ¯n {]iv\]cnlmcamWv C´ybv¡v apónse Iodmap«n. ssN\bpÄs¸sSbpÅ Nne cmjv{S§Ä ]mInkvYm\v ]n´pW \ ðIpópsbóXpsImïv temIapÅ Imet¯mfhpw Dïmbncn¡pw Asñ¦nð ]m¡nØm³ iàn £bn¡Ww. Fóncpómepw C´y Cóv ]m¡nØmsâ hfÀ¨bpsS ]Xn³aS§v hfÀ¨ t\Sn. AXnð A`nam\n¡mw.

]nWdmbn ]d GtXm ]n BcmWv; tem AmZan hnjbhpw ]n{]tbmKns kXymhbpw Fv? atml _wmhnse Ahnizmks tXmakv sFkv adnISptam?

----------------------------aebmfnIÄ adópt]mb Xangv hwiP\mb Hcp aebmfnbpsS t]cmWv ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó t]cnð Ct±ls¯ Cópw XangÀ HmÀ¡pópïv. Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mÀ Hcp kÀÆIemimebv¡v At±l¯n³sd t]cp \ðIn Xsó BZcn¨ncn¡póp. Be¸pgbnð P\n¨p hfÀóv, hnZym`ymkw sNbvX Ct±ls¯ Be¸pg¡mÀ Adnbnñ FóXv hfsc hnNn{XamWv. Be¸pg¡mcmb {]Kð`cpsS t]cv ]dbpt¼mÄ Cu t]cv Bcpw kvacn¡póXv Iïn«panñ. Ipd¨p hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v, Ct±lw Be¸pg Fkv.Un.hn. kvIqfnð ]Tn¨ncpóp Fó Adnhnð Ct±ls¯ ¡pdn¨v Rm³ Nne At\zjW§Ä \S¯nsb¦nepw ^esamóp apïmbnñ. Ct¸mÄ, em A¡mUan hnhmZw AXn\pÅ hgn Xpdóp Xóp. Be¸pg¡mcpw aebmfnIfpw adópIqSm¯ t]cmWv, 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. (1855 – 1897). At±l¯n³sd t]cnð kvamcI§Ä DbÀ¯nbnsñ¦nepw tdmUpIÄ \maIcWw sNbvXnsñ¦nepw aebmfnIÄ ]n.kpµcw]nÅsb ad¡mXncn¡pI. Xangv\m«nse Xncp\ðthen Pnñbnse Hcp kÀhIemimebpsS t]cmWv 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ bqWnthgvknän'. kzm{ib tImtfPpIÄ XpS§pw ap³]v Xangv \m«nð t]mbn ]Tn¨ tIcfnbcmb Ht«sd aebmfn Fôn\obdnwKv _ncpZZmcnIfpsS amXr kÀÆIemimebmWXv. 1885 G{]nð 4 \p Be¸pgbnð P\n¨ aebmfnbmb ]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS t]cnemWv, Cu kÀhIemime Øm]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv- Fóv! AhnsS ]Tn¨nd §nb F{X aebmfnIÄ¡v Adnbmw ? Xangv hwiP\mbncpó At±l¯n³sd cN\IÄ Gsdbpw Xangnð Bbncpóp. 'Xangv tj¡v-kv]obÀ' Fódnbs¸«ncpó At±l¯n³sd {][m\IrXn 'at\mòWnbw' Fó Xangv \mSIamWv. Cu \mSI¯nse AhXcW Km\amb 'Xangv Xmbv hmgv¯v' Fó Km\w Xangv\mSn³sd tZiob Km\ambn kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpïmbn. Cu \mSI¯n³sd t]cnt\mSv tNÀ¯v Adnbs¸«XpsImïmWv ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ, XangcpsS 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' BbXv. ]gb XncphnXmwIqdnse BZy_ncpZm\´c _ncpZ[mcnbmbn Adnbs¸SpóXv CtX kpµcw]nÅbmWv. hnZym`ymk Ime¯v At±lw _ncpZm\´c _ncpZ§Ä t\SnbXv. bqWnthgvknän tImtfPv Fóv ]nð¡me¯v Adnbs¸« Xncph\´]pcs¯ 'almcmPmkv tImtfPn'ð \nómWv. XXzimkv{Xambncpóp, hnjbw. A¡me¯v- almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]n³kn¸mÄ BbncpóXv {]kn² Ncn{X ]ÞnX\mb tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆn Bbncpóp. ]nóoSv, ]n. kpµcw]nÅbpw almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]^Êdmbn \nban¡ms¸SpIbpïmbn. A¡me¯mWv 'hÀ¡e Xpc¦w' \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv. ]ïv, tIcf¯nð ]ckv]cw _Ôs¸SmsX InSó Imbep Isf I\mepIÄ \nÀ½n¨v- _Ôs¸Sp¯nbXnð cmP`cW¯n³sd kw`mh\ AhnkvacWnbamWv. cmPhmgvNsb FXnÀ¡póhÀ C¯cw t\«§Ä Xncn¨dnbmdnñ. dmWn Kucn]mÀÆXn `mbnbpsS Ime¯v Xncph\´]pc0 Ið]m¡Shv apXð hÀ¡eIpóphscbpÅ {][m\ ImbepIsf _Ôs¸Sp¯m³ \nÀ½n¨ I\memWv, ]mÀÆXn ]p¯\mÀ. Cu kuIcyw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n hůnð hÀ¡e¡póp hscsb¯n Ipóp Ibdnbnd§n Imð\Sbmbn«mWv BfpIÄ Be¸pg, sIm¨n {]tZi§fntebv¡v bm{X sNbvXncpóXv. CXn\p ]cnlmcapïm¡m\mWv hÀ¡e Ipóp Xpcóv Hcp Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨Xv. Bbneyw Xncp\mfns³d Ime¯v, kÀ am[hdmhp Znhm\mbncns¡bmWv Hcp {_n«ojv-Imc³sd taðt\m«¯nð Cu Ipóp Xpcóv Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨v KXmKX amÀ¤w \o«nbXv. hÀ¡e Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨t¸mÄ e`n¨ hs«gp¯nepÅ Nne tcJIÄ B[mcam¡n ]n.kpµcw]nÅ XncphnXmw Iqdn³sd Ncn{Xw kw_Ôamb Hcp {]_Ôw X¿mdm¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv- Some Early Sovereigns of Travancore, 1894. XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v FgpXs¸« BZy Ncn{XcN\. {_n«ojv- cmÚnbnð \nópt]mepw kpµcw]nÅbv¡v Cu {]_ÔcN\bv¡v BZchv e`n¨n«pïv. XpSÀóv, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS At]£{]ImcamWv, kwØm\¯n\v kz´ambn ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸v Øm]n¡phm³ {ioaqew Xncp\mÄ cmahÀ½ X¿mdmIpóXv. ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸n³sd BZy Xeh\mbn ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ Xsó \nban¡s¸«p. ]n.kpµcw]nÅbv¡v dmhp _lZqÀ Øm\w \ðIn BZcn¨Xv IqSmsX XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v kpµcw]nÅ X¿mdm¡nb {]_Ô¯n\pÅ ]mcntXmjnIambn almcmPmhv, acpXpwaqe Fóv! Aódnbs¸«ncpó Cós¯ t]cqÀ¡Sbnð, \qtd¡À Øew A\phZn¨p \ðIpIbpapïmbn. kpµcw]nÅ, almcmPmkv tImtfPnð X³sd {]n³kn¸mÄ Bbncpó tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆnbpsS kvacW \ne\nÀ¯m³ ]mcntXmjnIambn In«nb Øe¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw' Fóp0 AhnsS At±lw ]WnIgn¸n¨ aµnc¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fóp0 t]cn«p. Fómð, ]nð¡me¯v kpµcw ]nÅbpsS GI]p{X³ \ScmP]nÅ (1891--,1966) tZiob kzX{´ kac¯n³sd `mKambn cq]oIrXamb kvtääv tIm¬{Kknð tNÀóv AXn³sd BZy sk{I«dnbmbn {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw {_n«njv kÀ¡mcn\pw Znhm³ Bbncpó kÀ kn]nbpsS AXn{Ia§Ä¡pw FXnsc {]t£m`w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ £p`nX\mb kÀ kn]n Cu \qtd¡À Øew DÄs¸sSbpÅ \ScmP³]nÅbpsS ss]XrI hkvXp¡Ä IïpsI«n. kzX{´m\´cw C{]Imcw IïpsI«nb `qan bYmÀ° DSaIÄ¡v Xncn¨p sImSp¯t¸mÄ, Aóv kzX{´ 'tIcf'¯nse BZy [\a{´n Bbncpó \ScmP³]nÅ B `qan XncnsI kzoIcn¡mXncpóXv aqew AXv kÀ¡mÀ BkvXnbmbn amdpIbpïmbn. 'lmÀhn]pcw Ipón'\p apIfnð ]n.kpµcw]nÅ X\n¡pw X³sd ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ¡pambn \nÀ½n¨ _w¥mhmWv, Cós¯ a{´n aµncamb 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv'. tIcf¯nse BZys¯ [\a{´n¡v A§s\ \ãamb B a{´naµnc¯nemWv, Cós¯ [\Imcya{´n io. sFk¡v tXmakv Xmakn¡póXv FóXv bmZrNnIamImw. X³sd ssIhiw Dïmbncpó t]cqÀ¡Sbnse tijn¨ hkvXphnð X³sd ]nXmhmb kpµcw]nÅbpsS HmÀ½bv¡mbn \ScmP³ ]nÅ 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' Fó t]cnð Hcp hnZymebw \S¯nbncpóp. Cu hnZymebw At±lw ]nð¡me¯v kÀ¡mcn\p hn«psImSp¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv-, t]cqÀ¡Sbnse Cós¯ ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Fó kÀ¡mÀ hnZymebw. 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' GsäSp¯ kÀ¡mÀ ]nónSv AXn\p ]n Fkv \ScmP ]nÅ sat½mdnbð kvIqÄ Fóp t]cpsImSp¡p t¼mÄ \ScmP]nÅtbmSpÅ BZchv {]ISn¸n¨v At±l¯n³sd ]qÀWImb {]Xna Øm]n¡pw Fóp ]dªncpóp. Fómð, ]Xnhpt]mse Hópw kw`hn¨nñ. Be¸pgbnepsS dbnðth XpS§p t¼mÄ 'Be¸pgbnepsS Xohïn¸mX' Fó kz]v\w km£mð¡cn¡m³ {]bXv\n¨ Hma\¸nÅbpsS OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð Øm]n¡pw Fóp kwØm\a{´namcpsS kmón²y¯nð Aós¯ sdbnðth a{´n {]Jym]n¨ncpóp. hÀj§Ä Gsd Ignªn«pw A§s\ Hcp OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð DbÀón«nñ. ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Im¼knð DbÀ¯pw Fóp kÀ¡mÀ {]Jym]n¨ \ScmP]nÅbpsS ]qÀWImb {]XnabpsS ØnXnbpw adn¨mbncpónñ. 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ 1897 G{]nð 26 \p \mð]¯n cïmas¯ hbÊnð acWaSªp. inhImanb½mfmbncpóp, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS `mcy. B Z¼XnIÄ¡v Hcp aI³ am{XamWv DïmbncpóXv. At±lambncpóp, \ScmP³ ]nÅ. Fómð, cïp XhW hnhmlnX\mb \ScmP]nÅ bv¡v a¡Ä ]´ïv Bbncpóp. aqóv- B¬a¡fpw H³]Xv- s]¬a¡fpw. BZy `mcybmb e£vanb½mfpsS acWtijamWv At±lw tImafw A½mfns\ hnhmlw sNbvXXv. shÅn¡cïnbpambn P\n¨v cm{ãnbtkh\¯n³sd t]cnð DÅXp apgph³ cmPy¯n\p sImSp¯v, HópanñmsX IS¡mc\mbn hmSIho«nð Pohn¨p acn¨ \ScmP³]nÅsb Cós¯ cm{ãnb¡mÀ¡pw AhcpsS AWnIÄ¡pw a\Ênemhnñ. ImcWw Ahcnð ]ecpw cm{ãnbw hcpam\amÀ¤am¡nb hcm\v. ]t£, aebmfn F§s\bmWv kpµcw ]nÅsbbpw \ScmP]nÅsbbpw ad¡pI ? A\p_Ôw: A³]¯nsbmóp hÀjw ap³]v Hcp P\phcn 10 \mWv \ScmP³]nÅbpsS acWw. Cu hÀjw P\phcn 10\p Xsó em A¡mZanbnð hnZymÀYnIfpsS {]t£m`¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¡s¸«Xpw Xakv¡cn¡s¸« kXy§Ä shfn¨s¸«Xpw bmZrNnIamtWm ? ]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fó Cós¯ 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡thbmWv cmP³ tIÊnð s]«v a{´n sI. IcpWmIc³ cmPnsh¨p HgntbïnhóXv, AXv, bmZrNnIamtWm? 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡th XsóbmWv ]ôm_v tamUð {]kwKtIÊnð s]«v a{´n _meIrjvW]nÅbv¡v cmPnsh¨p Hgntbïn hóXv. AXpw bmZrNnIamtWm?   ]nónSv, ChnsS Xmak¯n\p hó Fw.hn.Bdn\p a{´nØm\w \ãambXpw bmZrNnIamtWm ? ]nsó, a{´namÀ Ibdm³ aSn¨ B ]gb a{´naµnc ¯nð AÔhnizmk§sf XÅn¸dªp sImïv Ct¸mÄ Xmak¯n\v F¯nbncn¡pó [\a{´nbmb Be¸pg¡mc³ {io. tXmakv-- sFk¡ns\ Im¯ncn¡póXv F´mWmthm..! \ñXn\mbncn¡ptam?   Hcp]s£ GtXm ]nÅbmWv, AsXmcp alm\mb ]nÅbmsWóv, B ]nÅbpsS kòt\m`mhw \ðInb HuZmcyw \mSn\p {]tbmP\amIpIbmWv thïsXópw, B ]nÅbpsS a¡Ä Zmcn{Zy¯nð Ignbpt¼mÄ asämcp \mbÀ AXv hf¨psI«n tImSnIÄ kz´am¡nbXv XncnsIsbSp¡m³ \nan¯amIpIbmtWm?

_njpamcpsS BUw_c PohnXhpw IpmSpIfpsS {]hmkhpw, {]hmkn aebmfn k lyp̬ FgpXpq

AÀ°anñm¯ Blzm\§fpw Ig¼nñm¯ hmNI IkÀ¯pIfpw kXymhØbdnbm¯ {]kvXmh\Ifpw \S¯póhcmWv cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡sfóv FñmhÀ¡padnbmhpó ImcyamWv. Fómð Ahsc IS¯n-sh«ns¡mïv tIcf¯nse Nne aX t\Xm¡òmcpw aXm²y£òmcpw {]hÀ¯n-¡pópsbóv ]dbmsX Xcanñ. CubSp¯ kab¯v It¯men¡m k`bpsS ae_mÀ do¯v k`bpsS bphm¡tfmSv Hcmlzm\w \S¯pIbpïmbn. bphm¡Ä hntZi tPmen{`aw Dt]£n¡Wsaóv. B Hcp D]tZiw \S¯nbXn\p ]nónse Dt±iw F´m-sW¦nepw AtX¡pdn¨v ]d-bm\pÅXv Hóp am{Xw. hntZi¯v tPmen tXSnt¸mbhscñmw {`aw sImïmbncptóm. Asñóv hntZi¯v tPmen sN¿pó `qcn`mKw t]cpw ]dbpw. tPmen tXSn AeªpXnvcnªv Hcp KXnbpw ]-cKXnbpanñmsX hcpt¼mgm-Wv ]ecpw hntZit¯¡v t]mIpóXv. tIcf¯nð In«pó XpÑamb i¼fw sImïv PohnXw Iq«nsI«m³ ]mSp-s]Spt¼mgmWv aäp ]ecnepw hntZi tPmen{`aw DïmIpóXv. BÀ`mShpw AXn-tamlhpw sImïñ tIcfw hn«v hntZi¯v acwtIm¨pó XWp¸nepw Np«ps]mÅpó shbnenepw ]WnsbSp¡pósXóv \n§Ä¡dnbnñmbncn¡pw. AXdnbWsa¦nð AhÀs¡m¸w Hcp Znhksa¦nepw ]WnsbSp¯mð aXn. At¸mgdnbmw AXnsâ kpJhpw Zp:Jhpw a[pchpw ssIbv]pw. AXmWv Hcp icmin hntZi aebmfnbpsS AhØ. Cu AhØbnepw Ahsâ a\Êp\ndsb \mSpw \m«p Imcpw hoSpw ho«pImcpw \mS³ `£Whpw \m«phntij§fpw Bbncn¡pw. F´n\v hntZis¯ aebmfnsb¡pdn¨p ]dbpóp. tIcf¯nsâ Abð kwØm\amb Xangv \m«nð t]mIpóhÀ¡pt]mepw AXmWhØ. A§s\bpÅ aebmfntbmSv hntZi {`asaóp ]dªmð AÀ°anñm¯ A[chybambn am{Xsa ImWm³ Ignbq. CXp ]dbpt¼mÄ ]ecpw hmsfSp¯p cwK¯p hcpw. ]s£ CXmWv kXyw. hntZi{`aw Dt]£n¡W saóv ]dbpt¼mð Hcp Imcyw IqSn ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. e£§fpsS hnebpÅ hntZi ImdpIfnð FbÀI ïoj\n«v XWp¸n¨v Hcp tZ hmeb¯nð \nóv asämcp tZhmeb¯nte¡v emfnXy¯nsâbpw FfnabptSbpw XymK ¯nsâbpw kl\¯nsâbpw PohnXw Im«n¯ó tbip{In kvXphnsâ hN\w {]tLm jn¡m³ \n§Ä t]mIpt¼mÄ Hcp sI«p _ncpZhpambn k`mhnizmknIfmb bphm¡Ä s]mcnbpó shbnenð tPmen tXSn Aebpópïv. B bphm¡Ä bPam\sâ taibnð \nóp hogpó A¸¡jW¯n\mbn bmNn¨n«pïv. AXv In«msX hót¸mgmWv hoSpw \mSpw a\Ênñm a\tÊmsS Dt]£n¡m³ X¿mdmbn hntZit¯¡v hïn IbdnbXv. hni¸S¡m³ thïn hntZit¯¡v t]mbt¸mÄ \n§Ä AXns\ hntZi {`asaóp t]cn«v hnfn¡póXv At§bäw A]lmkytam Ahtlf\tam Bbn am{Xsa ImWm³ Ignbq. tbmKyXItfsdbpïmbn«pw k`m Øm]\§fnð ISóp Ibdm³ thïn A[nImcnIfpsS AS¨n« hmXnen\p apónð hni¸S¡n \nð¡pt¼mÄ AtbmKycmb \n§fpsS CjvS¡mcpw kz´¡mcpw _Ôp¡fpw B hmXnenð¡qSn AI¯p Ibdn PohnXw kpc£nXam¡pt¼mÄ AXns\ \n§Ä F´p t]cn«p hnfn¡póp. bmYmÀ°y§Ä C§s\bmsWóv AdnbmsX hmbnð tXmópóXp hnfn¨p ]dbpt¼mÄ AsXm cp A[chybamtb P\w Im Wq. AXnsâ ]nónð \n§Äs¡t´m KqV e£yapsïóp P\w IcpXpw. AXv \n§Ä hln¡pó Øm\s¯ Xsó If¦s¸Sp¯pw. hntZi¯pt]mbn«pw hnizmkw ssIshSnbmsX AXns\ apdpsI ]nSn¨v hntZi¯pw Pohn¡pópsbóv Hcp ]s£ \n§Ä¡dnbnñ. B hnizmknIfpsS CSbnð AP]me\¯nsâ t]cnð kµÀi\w \S¯n Ahcnð \nóv kvt\lkw`mh\IÄ kzoIcn¡ms\¯póXsñ bYmÀ°¯nð hntZi{`asaóp ]dtbïXv. kztZi¯p h¨v AhKWn¡pIbpw hntZis¯¯pt¼mÄ Ahsc BenwK\w sN¿pIbpw sN¿póXv hntZi{`aambXpsImïsñ. kXy¯nð Pohn¡m³ thïn hntZis¯¯póh tc¡mÄ Ahsc ]ngnbm³ hntZis¯¯póXsñ hntZi {`aw. Cu hntZi{`aw shSnbW saóv k`mt\XrXzw ]dbpóXn\p ]nónð asämcp clkyapïv. k`mhnizmknIÄ hntZi¯pt]mbmð k`bv¡pthïn apóWn t]mcmfnIfmIm³ BfpIsf In«nñmsbóXmWv. k`mt\XrXz§fpsS F¡mes¯bpw X{´ambncpótñm hnizmknIsf Cf¡nhn«v cmjv{Sob `cW t\XrXz§sf hcpXnbnem¡pIsbóXv. hnizmk kwc£W dmenIÄ \S¯n AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡pIsbó Hma\t¸cnð \S¯nbncpó cmjv{Sob k½À± X{´¯nse X{´w kz´w Imcyw knµm_mZv FóXmbncpóp. GXv XfÀóp InS¡póht\bpw kSIpSsªgptóð¸n¡m³ hnizmksaó acpóv aXnbtñm. hnizmknIÄ ]«nWnbpw ]cnh«hpambn Aeªp Xncnªv \S¡pt¼mÄ am{Xsa Ahcnð hnizmksaó hocyw Ip¯n¡bäm³ Ignbq. hntZi¯p t]mbmð AXn\msf In«nsñóv k`m t\XrXz¯n\v Ct¸mÄ a\Ênembn XpS§n. Npcp¡¯nð ]dªmð NqSp ]mbkw ssI¿n«phmcm³ A\pbmbnIsf In«pónñmsbóv. k`m t\XrXzw hnizmknIÄ hntZi{`aw shSnbWsaóv ]dbm³ {][m\ ImcWw CXp Xsósbóp ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. AXp a\Ênem¡m³ AXoh Úm\samópw thï kmam\y _p²naXn. bmYmÀ°y¯nte¡pw aäpsamóv Xncnªp t\m¡nbmð aXn. CXv Hcp aX¯nð am{Xañ Fñm aX¯nepapïv. X§fpsS sNmð¸Sn¡p \nð¡m³ Bsf In«msX hcpt¼mgmWv C¯cw A{]mtbmKnI {]tbmK§fpw {]kvXmh\Ifpw \S¯póXv. AXnse s]můc§Ä hnizmknIÄ Xncn¨dpónñsbóXmWv kXyw. AXpsImïp Xsó aXt\Xm¡òmcpsS C¯cw {]kvXmh\IÄ XpSÀópsImtïbncn¡pw. AXnð Ipäs¸Spt¯ïXv AÔambn Chsc hnizkn¡pó hnizmk kaqls¯bmWv. aX¯n\¸pdw a\pjysc kvt\ln¡pIbpw klmbn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó aXt\Xm¡òmÀ aebmf a®nð Dïmbncpóp. AhcpsS al¯mb {]hÀ¯nIsft¸mepw aeoaÊs¸Sp¯póXm Wv C¯cw {]kvXmh\IÄ. aX¯nsâ aXnðs¡«n\¸pdw am\hoIXbpsïóv ]Tn¸n¡pIbpw ImWn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó AhcpsS {]hÀ¯nIÄ¡v hn]coXambn aX¯nsâ aXnðs¡«n\pÅnð a\pjysc ab¡n InS¯m\pÅ {iaamWv Ct¸mgs¯ aXt\Xm¡òmcnð¡qSn ImWpósXóXv Zb \obamb Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. CXpsImïv AhÀ¡ñmsX kaql¯nt\m k`bvt¡m bmsXmcp t\«hpanñmsbóv hnizmkn kaqlw a\Ênemt¡ïXmWv.

\abpsSbpw BtLmjnsbpw BlvfmZnsdbpw {Inkvakv

temIc£I\mb tbip {InkvXphnsâ PòZn\w temIw apgph³ BtLmjn¡pó Zn\amWv Unkw_À 25. temINcn{X¯nepw am\hcminbnepw C{Xb[nIw {]m[m\yt¯msS BtLmjn¡pó asämcp PòZn\ansñópXsó ]dbmw. tbiphnsâ P\\w hmKvZm\ ]qÀ¯oIcW¯nsâbpw Im¯ncn¸nsâ Ahkm\hpambncpóp. BZn amXm]nXm¡Ä GZ³ tXm«¯nse hne¡s¸« I\n `£n¨t¸mÄ AhÀ¡v kzÀ¤ob ku`mKyhpw ]dpZokbpw \ jvSs¸«p. AÚXbmð aqSs¸« AhcpsS XrjvW Xpd¡s¸SpIbpw X§Ä k¯m\mð hônXcmIs¸«psbó t_m[w AhÀ¡pïmIpIbpw sNbvXp. km¯msâ hm¡pIfnð hnizmkaÀ¸n¨v ssZh¯nsâ hne¡pIsf adnISót¸mÄ ]m]saó Xnò AhÀ¡v sNt¿ïnhóp. a\pjyÀ ]m]w sN¿m³ XpS§nbXv Aóp apXembncpóp. ]m]¯nsâ XpS¡hpw AXmbncpóp. ]m]w sN¿m³ t{]cn¸n¨ km¯m³ AXnð hnPbn¨t¸mÄ ]m]nbmbn XoÀó BZnamXm]nXm¡fmb, BZna\pjycmb BZhpw luÆbpw ]dpZokbnð \nóv ]pd¯m¡s¸«p. ]dpZokbnse ]ch Xm\nbnð \nóv Iñpw apÅpw \ndª ]mcnend§nb BZ¯n\pw luÆbv¡pw kpJhpw Zp:Jhpsas´óv thÀ Xncn¨dnbm³ Ignªp. B Xncn¨dnbð Ahsc ]m] t_m[¯n\pw ]ÝmXm]¯n\pw CShcp¯n. B ]m]t_m[hpw ]ÝmXm]hpw Ahsc btlmhbmb ssZh¯nsâ ImcpWy¯n\pw a\Êenhn\pw ImcWam¡n. Fómð Hcn¡ð ]pd¯mb ]dpZokbnte¡v Ahsc hosïSp¡póXn\p ]Icw AhcpsS ]m]tamN\¯n\pw ]m] ]cnlmc¯n\pambn Xsâ ]p{Xs\ Ab¡msaóv hmKvZm\w \ðIn. B hmKvZm\ ]qÀ¯oIcWamWv _Xv teslanð DïmbXv. btlm hbmb ssZh¯nsâ hmKvZm \ ]qÀ¯oIcWamWv _Xv teslanð DïmbsX¦nð, am\hcminbpsS B ]p{X\p thïnbpÅ Im¯ncn¸nsâ Bhkm\hpw IqSnbmbncpóp Imens¯mgp¯nð a\pjy]p{X³ ]ndóXv. AXpsImïpXsó a\pjy\pw ssZhhpw X½nepÅ IqSnt¨cembn tbip {InkvXphnsâ P\\w ImWmw. tbip{InkvXphnsâ P\\w hnhn[ aX§fnð ]cmaÀin¡pópïv. Gähpw ]pcmX\ aXsaóp ]dbs¸Spó sslµh aX¯nepw CÉmw aX¯nepw _p²aX¯nepw AXv ]dbpópïv. sslµh aX¯nsâ A´k¯ \ndª kma thZ¯nð C{]ImcamWv tb ip{InkvXphnsâ P\\s¯ ¡pdn¨v ]dbpóXv. temIc£I³ Hcp Imens¯mgp¯nð I\yIbpsS aI\mbn AhXmcsaSp¡pw. temI¯nsâ apgph\mb Ah³ Xsâ P\¯nsâ ]m] ]cnlmc¯n \mbn Xsâ icocs¯ Xsó Zm\am¡n A\phZn¨ncn¡póp. temIw apgphsâbpw c£ Ah\neqsS DïmIq Fóp ]dbpóp. _n.kn. 700þð kwkvIrX¯nð FgpXs¸« `hnjy]pcmW¯nse `mcX ImWvU¯nð tbip{InkvXp hns\¡pdn¨v ]dbpóXv \½psS lrZb¯nð hkn¡pó ssZhw ]cnip²\pw IcpWbpÅh\pamWv. Ahsâ t]cmWv boimaÊn (tbip{InkvXp). sslµh aX¯nð tbip{InkvXphns\¡pdn¨v ]cmaÀin¡póXpsImïmWv Úm\nIfnð HcmÄ `mcX¯nð \nópamsWóv ]dbs¸SpóXv. CXn\v hyàamb sXfnhpIfnsñ¦nepw CsXms¡ tbip{InkvXp Bscóv sslµh aXw kaÀ°n¡póp. {InkvXp C´ybnð hó Xmbn PÀ½³ Fgp¯pImc³ tlmÄKÀ sIÀ̬knsâ ]pkvXI¯nð ]dbpóp. Xsâ P\\s¯¡pdn¨v ]cmaÀin¨ aXs¯¡pdn¨v a\Ênem¡m³ thïnbmWv `mcX ¯nse¯nbsXómWv At±lw AXnð FgpXnbncn¡póXv. At±l¯nsâ "Po Êkv enhvUv C³ C´y' Fó ]pkvXI¯nemWv CXv ]dbpóXv. djy³ ]ÞnX\mb \nt¡mfmbn \mtämhn¡pw tbip{InkvXp C´ybnð hóXmbn ]dbpópïv. CÉmw aX¯nsâ hnip² {KÙamb JpÀB\nepw tbip{InkvXphnsâ P\\s¯¡pdn¨v ]dbpóp. ]pcpj kv]Àitað¡msX I\yIbmb adnbw ]p{Xs\ {]khn¡psaómWv JpÀB\nð ]dbpóXv. C§s\ hnip² {KÙ§fnseñmw tbip {InkvXphns\¡pdn¨pw {In kvXphnsâ P\\s¯¡pdn¨pw {]Xn]mZn¡pópïv. {Inkvakv FtómÀ¡pt¼mÄ BZyw a\Ênð HmSnsb¯pI {Inkvakv ItcmÄ Bbncpóp. hoSpIÄ tXmdpw Ibdnbnd§n ItcmÄ Km\§Ä ]mSn ho«pImÀ X¿mdm¡nhbv¡pó Np¡pIm¸nbpw ]elmc§fpw Ign¨v cm{Xn apgph³ \S¡pó cwKw Cópw HmÀ¡pt¼mÄ Bthihpw AXntesd BËmZhpamsWóp ]dbmsX h¿. ItcmÄ Km\§Ä an¡Xnsâ bpw CuWw kn\na ]m«ntâXmbncpóp {Inkvakv kok¬ ASp¡pt¼mÄ ItcmÄ KoX§fpambn ]m«p]pkvXI§Ä ISIfnð F¯mdpïmbncpóp. AXnð Hmtcm ]m«n s\m¸hpw kn\nam ]m«nsâ SyqWpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncpóp. an¡ hoSpIfnepw ]pð¡qSv Hcp¡nbncpóp Aóv. Xñn¡q«nb ]pð¡q«nð D®ntbiphnsâbpw I\yI adnb¯nsâbpw butk^v ]nXmhnsâbpw B«nSbòmcptS bpsams¡ {]XnaIÄ Øm]n¨v Bhp{X `wKnbm¡m³ Fñmhcpw {ian¨ncpóp. _ Xvteslanse ]pð¡qSnsâ {]XoIambncpóp AsXóv BtcmSpw hnhcnt¡ï Imcyanñ. ]Xnaqómw \qämïnð hnip² {^m³knkv Akokn {Kotjym Fó Kplbnembncpóp BZyambn ]pð¡qSpïm¡nbncpósXóv ]nóoSmWv a\Ênem¡m³ IgnªXv. At±lw Xm³ Øm]n¨ k\ymk kaqlhpambn Cu Kplbnembncpós{X {Inkvakv BtLmjn¨Xv. im´nbpw kam[m\hpw emfnXyhpapÅ hcpsS a\Ênð {InkvXp P\n¡pópsbóv At±lw KplbpsS ap³]nð FgpXn h¨ncpóp. {Inkvakv {So Asómópw A{X {]Nmc¯nenñmbncpóp. Aóv Bsc¦nepw {Inkvakv {So Hcp¡nbXmbn HmÀ¡pónñ. ]mÝmXy cmPy§fnembncpóp Aóv {Inkvakv {So Hcp¡nbncpóXv. ]mÝmXycmPy§fnð {Inkvakv {So Hgn¨pIqSm³ ]äm¯ HómWv. kzÀ¤cmPy¯nse hne¡s¸« hr£¯nsâ {]XoIambmbncpóp {Inkva kv{Sosb IïncpóXs{X. {InkvXphnsâ P\\t¯msS \jvSs¸« ]dpZok hosïSp¡póp FóXn\mð ]dpZokbnse hne¡s¸« ac¯nsâ {]m[m\yw Fs´óv Hm Àan¡póXn\pthïnbmbncpóp ]mÝmXyÀ {Inkvakv{So Hcp¡nbncpóXv. ]Ýna PÀ½\nbnembncpóp BZyambn {Inkva kv{So Hcp¡nbXs{X. ]Ýna PÀ½\n¡mÀ AXnð sagpIp XncnIfpw \£{X§fpw aäpw h¨v Ae¦cn¨ncpóp. aäp ÅhÀ¡pthïn {]Imiw sNmcnbm³ Hcp¡n¯oÀ¯ tbiphns\bmWv sagpIp Xncn {]Xn\n[m\w sNbvXXv. Ing¡pZn¨ \£{Xs¯bmbn cpóp ÌmÀ {]Xn\n[m\w sNbvXXv. Fómð {Inkvakv {So IÄ¡v C{Xb[nIw {]m[m\yw e`n¨Xv ]s¯m³]Xmw \qämïnsâ a[yt¯msSbmbncpóp. Cw¥ïnse hnIvtSmdnb cmÚnbpw `À¯mhv Bð_À«v cmPIpamc\pamWv Cóp ImWpó coXnbnepÅ {Inkvakv{So Ae¦cn¨pïm ¡nbXv. temI¯v Gähpw hneIqSnb {Inkvakv {So \nÀ½n¨Xv Ubaïv I¼\nsbóv Cu ASp¯nsS hmbn¡p Ibpïmbn. GItZiw H³] Xp tImSn cq] Nnehnð \nÀ½n¨ shÅbnð XoÀ¯ B {Sobnð hneIqSnb h{P§fpw aäpw ]Xn¸n¨ncpóp. {Inkvaknð ]S¡w s]m«n¨ncpóXv BsI Hcp {Xnñmbncpóp. ame¸S¡w, Gdp]S¡w, hmWw, ]q¯ncn, N{Iw A§s\ B ]«nI \oïpt]mIpóp. BZyambn {Inkvakv ]S¡§Ä s]m«n¨ncpóXv Cw¥ïnembncpós{X. 1847þð tSmw kvan¯v Fó Cw¥ojpImc\mbncpóp ]S¡§Ä BZyambn Dïm¡nbXs{X. ]mXncm IpÀºm\bpw ho«nse hn`hkar²amb kZybpsañmw {Inkvaknsâ BtLmjhpw BËmZhp ambncpóp k½m\n¨ncpóXv. AXn\ptijw \S¯nbncpó FIypsa\n¡ð {Inkvakv dmenIÄ HmÀ¡pt¼mÄ Cópw Bthiambncpóp. A§s\sbñmw IqSn Hcp Bthiambncpóp {Inkvakv Fóp ]dbmsX h¿. {Inkvakv {InkvXym\nIfpsS BtLmjambncpsó¦nepw AXnð Fñm aXØcpw ]¦psImïncpóp. Cóv tIhew NS§mbn am{Xw amdnb {Inkvakv Hcp Ime¯v Bthihpw BËmZhp ambncpóp. FñmhÀ¡pw lrZbw \ndª {Inkvakv \yq CbÀ BiwkIÄ.

\h-kp-hn-ti-j-h-XvI-cWw icn-bmb A-n Do-tim-bpsS ]nd-hn-n-cp-\m BtLm-jn-m A\n-hmcyw am tPmk^v {km-n-

Hmtcm Unkw-_À 25---mw Xob-Xn-bpw temIw apgp-h\pw D®o-tim-bpsS ]nd-hn-Xn-cp-\mÄ A\p-kva-cn-¡p-Ibpw BN-cn-¡p-Ibpw BtLm-jn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-óp. aqómw \qäm-ïnsâ Ah-km-\-amWv Cu enäÀPn¡ð BtLmjw Bcw`n¨-Xv. ssZh-]p-{Xsâ a\p-jym-h-Xmcw anin-lm-c-l-ky-¯nsâ Bcw-`-am-Wv. t_Xve-tl-anse ]pð¡q-«nð D®otim P\n-¨-Xv Hcp Ncn-{X-kw-`-h-am-Wv. ]nd-hn-¯n-cp-\mÄ icn-bmbn BtLm-jn-¡p-hm³ AXnsâ Ncn-{X-]-c-amb hkvXpXIfnð \nóv ssZh-¯nsâ Xsó cl-ky-¯n-te¡v \o§-Ww. Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn adn-b-¯nð \nóv P\n-¡pó Cutim, P\n-¨p-ho-gp-óXv Xsó Zmcn-{Z-¯n-te¡pw GIm-´-X-bn-te-¡pw Bcpw klmbn-¡m³ Cñm¯ Ah-Ø-bn-te-¡pam-Wv. `qcn-]£w a\p-jycpw Hcp `h-\-¯ntem Bip-]-{Xn-bntem BWv P\n-¨n-cn-¡p-ó-Xv. Fómð a\p-jyÀ¡p-thïn a\p-jy-tcm-sSm¸w Ftó-¡p-ambn F¯pó ssZhw, F½m-\p-thð, P\n-¨p-ho-gp-óXv Hcp ]pð¡q-«n-em-Wv, arK-§-fpsS CS-bn-em-Wv, BSp-I-fpsS CS-bnð atämcp Ipªm-SmbmWv. Cu P\\w Xsó kqNn-¸n-¡p-óXv Zmho-Znsâ ]«-W-¯nð \ap-¡mbn P\n-¡pó inip temI-¯nsâ ]m]w \o¡pó ssZh-¯nsâ Ipªm-SmWv Fóp-Å-XmWv. kphn-ti-jw \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¡óXv c£-I-\mb Cutim aninlm P\n-¨n-cn-¡póp Fóm-Wv. (eq¡m 2,11). Cutim t_Xve-tl-anð P\n-¡p-t¼mÄ Xsó kzÀ¤ob ssk\ys¯, B«n-S-b-sc, Ing-¡p-\nóp hó Úm\n-Isf BIÀjn-¡p-óp. Cutim ]nóoSv \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-ópïv Rm³ Ipcn-inð DbÀ¯-s¸-«p-I-gnbp-t¼mÄ Fñm-h-scbpw Rm³ BIÀjn¡pw. Cópw Cutim hnip² IpÀ_m-\-bn-eqsS Xsâ BIÀjWw XpS-cp-óp. iniphmb Cutim Fñm-h-scbpw BIÀjn-¡p-ó-Xn\v ImcWw Ffn-a-bnð, \nÊm-c-X-bnð, _e-lo-\-X-bnð Cu inip-hn-eqsS ssZhw kzbw shfn-s¸-Sp-¯p-óXpsImïm-Wv. D®o-tim-bpsS P\\w \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¡pó Imcyw a\p-jy-N-cn{Xw ssZho-I-]-²-Xn-bpsS ip{iq-j-bv¡p-Å-XmWv Fóm-Wv. AK-Ìkv kok-dnsâ temI-am-k-I-e-apÅ P\-§-fpsS t]cv Fgp-Xn-t¨À¡Ww Fó Iev]-\-t]mepw anin-lm-bpsS P\-\-saó Akm-[m-cW kw`-hs¯ ip{iq-jn-¡póp, klm-bn-¡p-óp. ssZho-I-]-²-Xn-{]-Imcw adn-b-¯nð \nóv t_Xve-tl-anð P\n-¡pó c£-I³ Fñm-hÀ¡pw-thïnbmWv P\n-¨n-cn-¡p-ó-Xv. Cu c£-Isâ P\-\-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ Gähpw ]g-¡-apÅ Xncp-h-N-\-§Ä Gi-¿m-{]-hm-N-Isâ ]pkvX-I-¯nð \½p¡p ImWmw "\½p¡v Hcp inip P\n-¨n-cn-¡-óp. \½p¡v Hcp ]p{X³ \evI-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-óp. B[n-]Xyw Ahsâ Npa-en-em-bn-cn¡pw, hnkva-b-\o-b\mb D]-tZ-jvSmhv, ià-amb ssZhw \nXy-\mb ]nXmhv, kam-[m-\-¯nsâ cmPmhv Fóv Ah³ hnfn-¡-s¸Spw. Zmho-Znsâ knwlm-k\¯epw Ahsâ cmPy-¯nepw Ahsâ B[n-]Xyw \nÊo-a-amWv Ahsâ kam-[m\w A\-´hpw. \oXn-bnepw [À½-¯nepw Ftó¡pw AXv Øm]n¨p ]cn-]m-en-¡m³ Xsó. ssk\y-§-fpsS IÀ¯m-hnsâ Xo£-WX CXv \nd-thäpw" (Gi¿m 9, 6---------7) c£-I-\mWv {]Im-i-¯n-sâbpw kt´m-j-¯n-sâbpw kam-[m-\-¯n-sâbpw Dd-hnSw. Ch-sb-ñm-am-bn-cn-¡Ww ]nd-hn-Xn-cp-\m-fnsâ kz`m-h-k-hn-ti-j-X-IÄ. {]tXy-In¨pw kt´m-j-am-bn-cn-¡Ww {]Ya kz`mh khn-ti-jX. Hcm-fp-sStbm cïm-fp-I-fpsStbm kt´m-j-añ P\-§-fpsS apgp-h³ kt´m-j-am-Wv. kt´m-j-¯nsâ ASn-th-cp-IÄ \½Ä ImtW-ïXv kphn-ti-j-¯nsâ hm¡p-I-fn-em-Wv. "c£-I³, aninlm IÀ¯mhv Zmho-Znsâ \K-c-amb t_Xve-tl-anð". c£n-¡p-ó-hs\ Isï¯nbn-cn-¡póp. ZpJ-¯nð \nóv, `b-¯nð \nóv, Xnò-bnð \nóv, bp²-¯nð \nóv, shdp-¸nð \nóv, ac-W-¯nð \nóv c£-I-\mb Cutim aninlm \s½ ssI]n-Sn¨v ]pd-t¯¡v sImïp-h-cp-óp. At¸m-gmWv Pohn-X-¯n\v AÀ°hpw {]Xym-ibpw Dïm-Ip-ó-Xv. \½Ä Pohn-¡pó hyàn-]-c-amb A\p-`-h-§-sf-¡mÄ at\m-l-c-amWv Pohn-Xw. {]tXy-In¨pw ZpJ-I-c-amb kw`-h-§-tf-¡mÄ. Fñmw at\m-l-c-am-Ip-óXv c£-I-\mb aninlmIÀ¯m-hn-t\m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. \s½ \bn-¡m³, ]cn-]m-en-¡m³ Hcm-fp-ïv. CXv ssZh-¯mð Ab-¡-s¸« anin-lm-bmWv. a\pjyhwis¯ c£n-¡pó ZuXy-amWv ssZhw anin-lmsb Gð¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-ó-Xv. Poh³, kt´mjw, {Inbm-ß-I-X, {]Xym-i, hmÕ-eyw, kplr-Zv_-Ôw, kvt\lw CXmWv ]nd-hn-Xn-cp-\mÄ {]Jym-]n-¡p-ó-Xv. Cu {]Jym-]\w Ncn-{Xs¯bpw a\pjy-m\p`h-\-§-sfbpw cq]m-´-c-s¸-Sp-¯p-óp. a\p-jysâ t\À¡pÅ ssZh-¯nsâ Ahn-iz-k-\o-b-amb kvt\l-¯nsâ henb kt´m-j-amWv ]nd-hn-¯n-cp-\m-fn-tâ-Xv. henb kt´m-j-am-Wv, ssZh-kvt\-l-amWv Ncn-{Xs¯ amän-a-dn-¡p-ó-Xv. B«n-S-b-tcm-SmWv henb kt´m-j-hmÀ¯ BZyw {]Jym-]n-¡p-ó-Xv. Aós¯ kaq-l-¯nse Ah-km-\s¯ Bfp-I-fm-bn-cpóp AhÀ. kphn-ti-j-hn-h-c-W-¯nse apJy-I-Ym-]m-{X-§fmb amem-Jm-amÀ, CS-b-òmÀ, Úm\n-IÄ Chscñm-hcpw Cu henb kt´m-j-¯nð ]s¦-Sp-¡p-óp. Úm\n-IÄ Cutim-bn-te¡v \bn-¡-s¸-Sp-óXv \£-{X-¯mð am{X-añ hnip² {KÙ-¯nse hm¡p-I-fm-ep-am-Wv. Pdp-k-te-anð h¨v \£-{Xs¯ t\m¡msX, Xncp-h-N\w [ym\n-¡msX tltdmtZmkn-te¡v t\m¡pó Úm\n-IÄ¡v {]Xn-k-Ôn-bpïmIp-óp. Cópw Cutim-bn-se-¯m³ \s½ Gähpw A[nIw klm-bn-¡p-óXv Xncp-h-N-\-am-Wv. kphn-ti-j-am-Wv. icn-bmbn {InkvaÊv BtLm-jn-¡p-hm³ kphn-ti-j-h-XvI-cWw A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. icn-bmb {InkvaÊv BtLmjw kphn-ti-j-h-XvI-cWs¯ hoïpw iàn-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿pw. t{Käv {_n«¬ kotdm-a-e-_mÀ cq]X Øm]n-X-am-b-Xn-\p-ti-j-apÅ BZys¯ ]nd-hn-Xn-cp-\m-fm-Wv \mw Cu hÀjw BtLm-jn-¡p-ó-Xv. kphn-ti-j-Isâ tPmen sN¿pI Fó Xncp-h-N-\-amWv Fsó AP-]m-e-\-ip-{iq-j-bnð \bn-¡p-óXv. D®o-tim-bpsS P\\w Fó Ncn-{X-h-kvXp-X-bnð \nóv AXnsâ ssZhoI cl-ky-§-fn-te¡v {]th-in-¡p-hm-\mWv Cu BtLm-j-¯n-\mbn Hcp-§p-t¼mÄ, AXnð ]s¦-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ \-½Ä ]cn-{i-an-t¡-ï-Xv. {]tXy-In¨v D®otim- Pohn-¡pó ssZh-¯nsâ ]p{X-\mb anin-lm-bmWv Fó kXyw \½Ä ]qÀ®ambn a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. `qan-bnð P\n-¨n-«pÅ asäñm inip-¡fpw krjvSn-I-fm-sWópw Fómð D®otim krjvSn-b-ñm-sbópw \½Ä {Kln-¡-Ww. hnizmk {]am-W-¯nð \½Ä sNmñp-óXv C{]-Im-c-amWv "ssZh-¯nsâ GI ]p{X\pw kIe krjvSn-IÄ¡pw ap¼pÅ BZy-Pm-X\pw bpK-§Äs¡ñmw ap¼p ]nXm-hnð \nóp P\n-¨-h\pw Fómð krjvSn-¡-s¸-Sm-¯-h\pw GI IÀ¯m-hp-amb Cutim-an-in-lm-bnð R§Ä hniz-kn-¡p-óp". D®otim ]nXm-hnð\nóv P\n-¡p-I-bmWv. krjvSn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-b-ñ. D®otim Htc ka-bw krjvSm-hn-sâbpw Zmksâbpw kmZr-iy-¯n-emWv. Unkw-_À 25 mw XobXn BcpsS Pò-Zn-\-amWv BtLm-jn-¡p-ó-sXóv Xncn-¨-dnªv D®o-tim-bpsS ssNX-\y-¯n\v tNÀóXc-¯nð {]tXy-In¨pw emfn-Xy-¯nepw Ffn-a-bnepw {InkvaÊv BtLm-jn-¡m³ km[n-¡-Ww. \nÈ-_vZ-X-bnð hN\ ]mcm-b-W-¯nepw [ym\-¯nepw {]tXy-In¨pw eq¡m 1,2 A²ym-b-§Ä, a¯mbn 1,2 A²ym-b-§Ä tbml-óm³ 1 mw A²ym-bhpw Gi-¿m-{]-hm-N-Isâ ]pkvXIhpw [ym\n-¨p-sImïv {InkvaÊv BtLm-j-¯n-\mbn Hcp§mw. t_Xve-tl-anse D®otim \n§sf Fñm-h-tcbpw A\p-{K-ln-¡-s«-sbópw Rm³ lrZ-b-]qÀÆw Biw-kn-¡p-Ibpw {]mÀ°n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-óp. amÀ tPmk^v {km¼n-¡ð sa-{Xm³, t{Käv {_n«¬ kotdm ae-_mÀ cq]X

AhKWnshcpsS CSbn hp ]ndhs \{X {]XoIfmWv {Inkvan\p \psS hoSpIfn \mw Dbp \{XhnfpI, F.-kn. tPmPv

cmPm¡òmsc cmPsIm«mc§fnð\nópw Cd¡n AhKWn¡s¸«hcpsS CSbnð hóp ]ndóhsâ Imens¯mgp¯nse¯n¨Xp \£{XamWv. B \£{X {]XoI§fmWv {InkvaÊn\p \½psS hoSpIfnð \mw DbÀ¯pó \£{Xhnf¡pIÄ. Imens¯mgp¯nte¡p hgnIm«nb \£{X¯nsâ Xnf¡w \½psS I®pIÄ¡nñ, ""kò\ÊpÅhÀ¡p kam[m\w'' Fó ktµiw kzoIcn¡m³ \½psS _[nc IÀ®§Ä¡mhpónñ, amemJamÀs¡m¸w kvXpXn]mSm³ \½psS A[c§Ä A\¡pónñ, ssZh]p{X\p s]mópw aodbpw ImgvNhbv¡m³ \½psS ssIIÄ¡p ]nip¡mWv. A]IS kqN\IÄ Xncn¨dnªp "Ipªns\bpwsImWvSv CuPn]vXnte¡v' HmSm³ \½psS ImepIÄ¡p _eanñ. \òbv¡p a\Êp sImSp¯mte C{µnb§Ä¡p Xnòsb sNdp¡m\mhq. XWp¯p hnd§en¨ ]mXncmhnsâ Ccp«ns\ t`Zn¨ \£{Xshfn¨¯nsâ tNZ\bnð \nÊwKXbpsS AÔImcs¯ AIäm\pÅ £WamWp {InkvaÊntâXv. knknen cmPy¯nsâ cmPmhmbncpó Aðt^m³tkm Hcn¡ð IpXnckhmcn sN¿pIbmbncpóp. I¼m\nbmbnepÅ Hcp NXp¸p {]tZi¯n\Sps¯¯nbt¸mÄ ImgvNbnð ]mhsaóp tXmón¡pó Hcp a\pjy³ At±ls¯ kao]n¨v Zb\obambn A`yÀ°n¨p: ""F\ns¡mcp D]Imcw sNbvXn«p t]mIptam?'' ""F´p]ImcamWp Rm³ \n§Ä¡p sNt¿WvSXv?'' cmPmhv tNmZn¨p. ""Rm³ bm{X sNbvXncpó IgpX, AXm B NXp¸p \ne¯p Xmgvópt]mbn. AXns\ hen¨p s]m¡m³ Rms\mäbv¡p hnNmcn¨n«p Ignbpónñ!'' AXptI« cmPmhpSs\ IpXnc¸pd¯p\nópw Xmsgbnd§n. cWvSpt]cpw IqSn IgpXsb sNfnbnð\nópw hen¨p Ibän. B ]mhw a\pjy³ \µn ]dbm³ hm¡pIÄ In«msX hnjan¨p. F¦nepw AbmÄ ]dªp: ""Hcp klmb¯n\mbn Rms\{Xt]sc kao]ns¨tóm! Hcp¯\pw Xncnªpt\m¡nbnñ. Xm¦tfmsS§s\ \µn ]dbWsasó\n¡dnbnñ.'' ""CXns\´n\m \n§Ä \µn ]dbpóXv.'' Hcp sNdp ]pôncntbmsS cmPmhp tNmZn¨p. ""CsXsâ ISabmWv. Rm\Xp sNbvXp. A{XtbbpÅq. AXn\p \µn ]dtbWvS Bhiysamópanñ.'' ""CsX§s\bmWp Xm¦fpsS ISabmIpóXv? \½Ä X½nð bmsXmcp ]cnNbhpanñtñm!...'' B ]mhw a\pjy³ AÛpXs¸«p. ""AXpsImWvSpam{Xw CsXsâ ISabñmXmIpónñ ktlmZcm. Rm\o cmPys¯ cmPmhmWv!'' s]s«óm a\pjy³ hñmXmbn. Xsâ cmPmhns\bmWp Xm\o sNfnbnend¡nbsXóp a\Ênembt¸mÄ AbmÄ¡p hñm¯ Ipät_m[w tXmón. ""£an¡Ww almcmPmth! ASnb\Xdnªnñ.'' AbmÄ cmPmhnsâ ap¼nð ap«pIp¯n. ""sO... sO... AcpXv!'' cmPmhv Abmsf XSªp: ""£a tNmZn¡m³ X¡h®w \n§sfmcp sXäpw sNbvXn«nñ. HcmtfmSv Hcp klmbw A`yÀ°n¡póXv F§s\ sXämIpw? \n§fn{X ip²\mbnt¸mbtñm!'' cmPmhv Abmsf tXmfnð X«n kamizkn¸n¨n«v IpXnc¸pd¯p Ibdn bm{Xbmbn. Aðt^m³tkm cmPmhnsâ C¯cw kð{]hr¯nIÄ At±l¯nsâ _²i{Xp¡sf hsc Däan{X§fm¡nbn«pWvSv. Cós¯ temI¯v ajnbn«p t\m¡nbmðt]mepw ImWm³ IgnbpóXñ C¯cw tkh\ a\xØnXn. Xsót¸mse XsóbmWv aäpÅhcpw Fó Aht_m[w DÅhÀt¡ C¯cw tkh\a\xØnXn DWvSmIq... henb henb Imcy§Ä sN¿m³ \ap¡p Ignbnñmbncn¡mw. Fómepw, Xnc¡pÅ tdmUp apdn¨p IS¡m³ X{Xs¸Spó Hcp IpcpSsâ s]Sm¸mSp IWvSv ssI sIm«n Nncn¡msX Abmsf ssI]nSn¨p klmbn¡m³ \ap¡p Ignbpw! C¯cw sIm¨psIm¨p tkh\§Ä sImWvSp \ap¡v Cu {InkvaÊn\v D®ntbiphn\p ]pð¡qSp XoÀ¡m³ {ian¡mw. {InkvaÊv BiwkIÄ!

Hbvv s]mcpXm\p Npdv {Sw]ns\ hnPbnsenp

hmintbdnb Atacn¡³ {]knUâv XncsªSp¸nð {Sw]v h³ hnPbw t\Sn. {]apJcpsS Hcp h³ ]S Xsó D-ïmbncpón«pw {Sw]nsâ Aizta[ s¯ Xfbv¡m³ lnecn-¡mbnñ. Xfbv¡m³ am{Xañ, sXmSm³t]mepw lnecnbvt¡m Ahtcm-sSm¸apÅhÀt¡m Ignªnñ. C\nbpw {Sw]v Ata cn¡sb \bn¡pw. temI t]meokpImc\mbn temIs¯ \nb{´n¡pw. {Sw]nsâ hnP-bw At±l¯n\pw P\¯n\pw am{XahImis¸«XmWv. AXnð kz´w ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡Ä¡pt]mepw AhImianñ. Ah-scñmhcpw ]t{Xmkns\t¸mse {Sw]ns\ XÅn¸dªhcmWv. ] t{Xmkv ssZhlnX¯nsâ \S¯n¸ns\ XpSÀóv AdnbmsX Xsâ Kpcphns\ XÅn¸dª sX¦nð Akqb aq¯mWv dn¸»n¡³ t\Xm¡òmÀ X§fpsS Øm\mÀ°nbmb {Sw]ns\ XÅn¸dªXv. AXpsImïpXsó AXnð A`n-am\n¡m³ AhÀ¡hImianñ. P\¯nsâ lnXadnbm-¯ P\t\Xm¡òmcmWv Ahscóv {Sw]nsâ hnPb¯nð¡qSn sXfnbpIbpw sNbvXp. dn¸»n¡³ {]knUâpamcmb _pjpamcpt]mepw Ahkcw hót¸mÄ {Sw]ns\ XÅn¸dªXmWv AXnð Gsd hntcm[m`mkambXv. P^v _pjns\ XÅn {Sw]v {]knUâv Øm\mÀ°nXzw ssI ¡em¡nbXnsâ sImXn-s¡dphmsWómWv P\kwkmcw. AñmsX AXnð Bibhpw Bamib]camb bmsXmóp-ansñós{X. A§s\ kz´w X«I¯nepÅ hÀt]mepw kabw hót¸mÄ Ifw amdnNhn-«nbn«pw AsXmópw hIhbv¡msX bmsXmcp IqkepanñmsX XncsªSp¸ns\ t\cn« {Sw]nsâ \nÝbZmÀVyhpw a-\¡cp¯pw k½Xnt¨ aXnbmIq. Dd¨ Xocpam\hpw Häbv¡v s]mcpXm\pÅ N¦pd¸pw AXmWv {Sw]ns\ hnPb¯nse¯n¨ sXóp ]dbmw. X\n¡v ]dbm\pÅXv BcpsS apJ¯pt\m¡nbpw FhnsSbpw Xpd-óp ]dbm\pÅ B ss[cyw AwKoIcnt¨ aXnbmIq. {]-knU³jyð Unt_änð Xm³ ka{Kamb At\zjW¯n\v D¯chnSpsaópw lnecnsb Pbnenem¡psaópw XpdóSn¨Xp Xsó AXn\pZmlcWamWv. A§s\ XpdóSnbv¡m³ {Sw]ns\sImtï Ignbqsbóv ] dbmsX h¿. AXmWv A-tacn¡bpsS \mev]¯ômas¯ {]knUâmbn XncsªSp¡s¸« sUmWmÄUv {Sw]v. B Icp¯v C\nbpw temIw ImWm³ t]mIpótXbpÅp.  {Sw]ns\m¸w {Sw]pw t\Xm¡òmcnñm¯ dn-¸»n¡³ {]hÀ¯Icpsa Dïm-bncpópÅp. _m¡nsbñmhcpw lnecns¡m¸w A¸pdt¯-¡v HgpInt¸mbn. AXnð {]-ikvXcpw, Xg¡w hó cmjv{Sob¡m cpw, kn\namXmc§fpw, KmbIcpw DÄs¸«ncpóp. am[ya§Ä t]mepw {Sw]ns\Xncmbncpóp sbópthWw ]dbm³. AhÀ s¡mópw {Sw]nsâ B[n]Xyw XIÀ¡m³ Ignªnsñóv sNmÆmgvN AÀ²cm{Xnbnð sXfnªp. CXnð ]ecpw ho¼nf¡n {Sw]v XncsªSp¡s¸«mð X§Ä Atacn¡ hnSpsaóv. \n§fñ Atacn¡sbópw km[mcW¡mcmb R§fmWv Atacn¡bpsS a®nð Pohn t¡ï sXópw R§sf \bn¡m³ ià\mbn {Sw-]psïópw hn[nsbgpXns¡m-ïv AXn\v Np«adp]Sn sImSp¯p. \n§tf¡mÄ R§Ä¡mhiyw {Sw]ns\bmsWóv AXnð¡qSn hyàam¡pIbpw sNbvXp. P\¯nsâ A`n{]mbw {Sw]nsâ hnPb¯nð AXv hyàam¡n. C§s\ FXncmfnI-sfsbñmw \njv{]`cm¡n hnPbn¨ {Sw]ns\ X\n \mS³`mjbnð hntijn¸n¨mð AXn\v Gähpw DNnXamb ]Zw NpW¡p«nbmb Hcm¬Ip«nsbóp ]dbmw. N¦pd¸pÅhs\tóm, Cc« N¦pÅhs\tóm ]dbm³ Cóp Ignbpó Htcsbmcp temIt\Xmhv {Sw]v am{Xam-bncn¡pw. ]nWdmbnbpw, tamZnbpw AXnsâ Ggbe¯pt]mepw F¯nñ. Atacn¡³ P-\X X§fpsS Aact¯¡v H-cp h\nXsb sImïphcWsa-óv Ct¸mÄ B{Kln¡pónñmsbópthWw lnecnbpsS ]cmPbt¯msS Nn´n¡m³. A-tacn¡bnse Gähpw iàbmb h\nX lnecntb¡mÄ asämcmÄ CñmsbópXsó ]dbmw. BÀ¡³kmkv kwØm\¯nsâ {]Ya h\nX, Atacn¡bpsS {]Ya h\nX, Atacn¡³ tÌ äv sk{I«dn XpS§nb \n-eIfnð Xnf§nbpw XtâXmb Ignhpw {]mKÛyhpw sXfnbn¨ lnecn aÕcn¨n«pt]mepw ] cmPbs¸«Xv A§s\ thWw Nn´n¡m³. H_mabvs¡m¸w ss{]adnbnð aÕcn¨t¸mÄ X só AXv Atacn¡³ P\X \ncÊn¨XmWv Aóv lnecnsb Xgªv H_masb P\w XncsªSp¯t¸mÄ Hcp h\nX Atacn¡bpsS X-e¸t¯¡v htcïXptïmsbóv Nn´n¨ncptóm FópthWw I-cpXm³. Fómð P\¯nsâ a\Êv C¯hW amdpsaóv Fñmhcpw IcpXn. Ncn{X]camb Hcp amäw temIw apgph³ {]Xo£n¨p. ]t£ AXpïmbnñ {Sw]ns\Xnsc kv{Xo A-[nt£]hp sams¡ Btcm]n-s¨¦nepw Atacn¡³ P\X Ct¸mÄ X§fpsS cmPy¯n-sâ A[n]bmbn Hcp h\nXsb {]Xo£n¡pónñmsbómóv {Sw]nsâ `qcn]£¯nð IqSn a \Ênemt¡ïXv. kao]`mhn bnð C{Xbpw iàbmb Hcp h\nX Dïmbn«nñmsbóXp sImïpXsó C\nbpw DS³ Hcp h\nX {]knUâv Xnc sªSp¸nte¡v hcm³ km²y X ImWpónñ. AXpsImïp Xsó Atacn¡bv¡v Hcp h \nX {]knUâv Fó Bib ¯n\v \oï Im¯ncn¸pXsó thïnhcpw. sUtam{ImänIv tIm« IÄ XIÀ¯psImïv {Sw]v h ³ aptóäw \S¯nbXv sNdnb Imcyambn ImWm³ Ignbnñ. dn¸»n¡³ t\Xm¡Ä HóS ¦w {Sw]ns\ FXnÀ¯t¸mÄ sUtam{ImänIv t\Xm¡Ä F ñmhcpw Xsó lnecns¡m¸w t]mcmSm³ cwK¯pïmbncp óp. Fón«pw sUtam{Imän¡p IfpsS tIm«IÄ ]nSns¨Sp¡p Ibpw ]c¼cmKXambn sU tam{ImänIv Øm\mÀ°nIÄ¡v thm«psNbvXncpóhÀ {Sw]n\v thm«p \ðInbXnsâ ImcWw Cópw AhyàamWv. cmjv{So b¡mcnbpsS s]mÅbmb hm KvZm\§Ä am{Xambn lnecn bpsS {]Jym]\s¯ AhÀ I ïpthm. hm¡pamän ]dbm¯, ]dbpó hm¡nð Dd¨p\nð ¡pó {Sw]ns\ AhÀ hnizkn ¨pthm. F´mbmepw ChcpsS a\wamäw kao]`mhnbnð sU tam{ImänIv ]mÀ«n¡v henb B LmXw krjvSn¡mw. {Sw]ns\ dn¸»n¡³ t\XrXzw XÅn sb¦nð lnecnsb sUtam{Im änIv {]hÀ¯IÀ XÅnsbó XmWv Gsd ckIcw. `cW¯n\v ]pd¯v F´pw ]dbmw GXv hmKvZm\ hpw \ðImw. Fómð `cW ¯nð Ibdnbn¡pt¼mtg A Xv \S¸m¡póXnse _p²nap«v Fs´óv a\Ênem¡p. Xnc sªSp¸nð At±lw Xm³ {] knUâmbmð Fs´ms¡ sN ¿psaóv ]dbpIbpïmbn. A Xn\v P\§fpsS ]n´pWbpw In«n¡gnªp. C\nbpw AXv \S¸mt¡ï NpaXe At±l ¯n\mWv. AXn\pÅ hgnIÄ Isït¯ïXpw AXv \S¸mt¡ïXpw At±lamWv. Xm³ DbÀ¯n¸nSn¨ Imcy§Ä \S ¸m¡nbmð At±l¯nsâ hm ¡n\v P\w hne Iev]n¡pw. AXv cïmaqg¯n\v hgnsXfn bn¡pw. Csñ¦nð AXv ]mgv hm¡mbn P\w XÅpw. hen sbmcp hymhkmbnI km{am Pyw ]Sp¯pbÀ¯nb {Sw]v \n ÝbZmÀVy¯nsâbpw Imcy {]m]vXnbpÅ hyànXz¯nsâ bpw DZmlcWamWv. AXpsIm ïpXsó At±l¯nð P\ ¯n\v {]Xo£bpïv. {Sw]v an I¨ {]hÀ¯\w ImgvNhbv¡p saóp Xsó {]Xo£n¡mw. A§s\ hómð {Sw]v Atacn¡bnse Gähpw ià\mb {]knUâmbn Ncn{Xw cNn¡pw. A§s\ DïmIs«sb óv {]Xo£n¡mw.

{Sw]ns `cWn Atacnbnse CUy IpSntbmv Fv kw`hnqw ?

tkm^nb hfsc `bt¯msSbmWp Imdnð hópIbdnbXv. CS¡p hoSp hr¯nbm¡m³ Øncw hóp sImïncn¡pó Ahsc AhcpsS ho«nð sNóp sImïphcnIbpw sImïphnSpIbpamWv ]Xnhv. ]Xnhnñm¯ ]cn{`aw Iït¸mÄ Xnc¡n F´mWv Imcysaóv. AhÄ ]Xps¡ apdnª Cw¥ojpw kv]m\ojpw IeÀ¯n kwkmcn¡phm³ XpS§n. Ignª 14 hÀjambn saIv-knt¡mbnð \nópw F¯n \yqtbmÀ¡nð Xmakn¡pIbmWv. 14, 12 hbÊpÅ cïp Ip«nIÄ, AhÀ Atacn¡bnð P\n¨XpsImïv ChnSps¯ ]ucXz¯n\v AÀlcmbn. tkm^nbbpw `À¯mhpw A\[nIrX IpSntbä¡mcmWv. Fómð Ip«nIfpsS ]T\hpw, Bip]{Xn kuIcyhpw Hs¡ AXymhiy¯n\v Ipg¸anñmsX In«póp. sNdnb tPmen tNm¿m³ km[n¡póXn\mð Hcp hmSI apdnbnð Hcp IpSpw_w Ignbpóp. kz´w \mSmb saIv-knt¡mbnent\¡mÄ Aev]w ]Ww an¨w ]nSn¡m\pw km[n¡pópïv. sUmWmÄUv {S¼v {]knUâmIpóXn\mð X§fpsS PohnX¯nsâ XInSw adn¨memWv I¬ap³]nð ]Xnªp \nð¡póXv. F´p ]dªp kam[m\n¸n¡mWv? HäbSn¡v Ct¸mÄ e`n¨psImïncn¡pó kuIcy§Ä e`n¡msXbpw t]meokns\ `bópw FhnsS Hfn¨pXmakn¡m\mWv?  Fómepw, Hópw kw`hn¡nñ, \n§sft¸msebpÅhÀ klmb¯n\nsñ¦nð \yqtbmÀ¡nse P\§Ä _lfw Dïm¡pw Fsóms¡¸dsª¦nepw AhfpsS I®nse ]cn{`aw amdnbncpónñ. hoSn\p Npäpapff ]qt´m«§fpw ]pñpw hr¯nbmbn sh«nkq£n¡pó kmtâmkpw, Aev]skmð¸w ho«p]Wnbnð ssI klmbw sN¿pó amcntbmbpw Cñm¯ AhØ Fsó \Sp¡n. tlm«epIfnð tPmen sN¿pó kv]m\ojv-ImÀ Hómbn Hcp Znhkw ]Wn apS¡nbmð sdtÌmdâpIÄ A[nIhpw Xpd¡m\mhnñ. C¯cw PohnX§Ä Atacn¡³ k¼Xv hyhØbpsS `mKambn amdn. ChÀ IqSpXepw knänIfnemWv tPmen sN¿póXv \m«n³ ]pd§fnepw Ing¡³-a²ytaJeIfnepw C¯cw Hcp IpSntbä¡msc ImWmdnñ. Atacn¡bnse 67 iXam\w BfpIfpw `qhn`mK¯nsâ 3 iXam\w am{Xw hcpó knänIfnepw AXn\Sp¯ Øe§fnepamWv Xmakn¡póXv. AXmWv tIhew ]cnanXamb P\km{µXbpÅ A\h[n kwØm\§fnse Ce{Îð thm«pIÄ {S¼n\p A\pIqeambn amdn adnªXv. Cut̬ bqtdm¸nð \nópw djybnð \nópw hyhØm]nXambn IpSntbdns¡mïncn¡pó blqZòmÀ ]«W§fnð X§fptSXmb kt¦X§Ä krãn¡pópïv. kÀ¡mÀ Xe¯nð ChÀ¡v `mj ]Tn¸n¨v tPmenbpw Xmakhpw aäpw Hcp¡ns¡mSp¡m³ henb {IaoIcW§fmWv sN¿póXv. ASp¯Ime¯mbn a²y]qÀthjybnð \nópw hfsctbsd apÉow aXhnizmknIÄ Iq«ambn IpSntbdm³ XpS§n. AhÀ AhcpsS coXnbnð hkv{Xw [cn¡phm\pw BNmc-A\pjvTm\§Ä sImïp t]mIphm\pw {ian¡póXv AklnjvWpXtbmsSbmWv \m«pImÀ IïXv. H¸w ]SÀóp ]´en¨ CÉmanIv t^m_nb, Hmtcm apÉoapw X§fpsS A´I\mWv Fó `oXnbpw  shÅ¡mcnð Dïm¡n. saIv-knt¡m¡mÀ¡p sXm«pXmsgbmbn ssN\¡mtcbpw ]n´Ån C´ym¡mcmWv Atacn¡bnse IqSpXepÅ IpSntbä¡mÀ hnZym`ymk¯nepw k¼¯nepw PohnX \nehmc¯nepw C´ym¡mÀ km[mcW shÅ¡msc¡mÄ apónembXn\mÄ ChÀ X§fpsS Ahkc§fpw k¼mZyhpamW A]lcn¡pósXó Hcp Nn´bpw shÅ¡mcnð \ne\nð¡pópïv. sam¯w P\kwJybpsS 13 iXam\¯ntesd IpSntbä¡mcmWv Cóv Atacn¡bnð. Chcnð IqSpXepw Iment^mÀWnb sSIv-kkv, \yqtbmÀ¡v, \yqtPgv-kn Fóo kwØm\§fnemWv Xmakn¡póXv. GXmïv 11.1 anñy¬ A\[nIrX IpSntbä¡mÀ Atacn¡bnepïv. AXnð 52 iXam\hpw saIv-knt¡mbnð \nópÅhcmWv. Chcmbncpóp {S¼nsâ BZyCcIÄ. Chsc ]pd¯m¡n h³aXnð ]WnbpIbmWv Xsâ {]YaZuXysaómWv {S¼v DbÀ¯nb hmZw. a²y]qÀtÆjybnse apÉow IpSntbä `ojWnbmWv {_n«s\ {_Iv-knän\p t{]cn¸n¨Xpw, Atacn¡sb {S¼oIcn¨Xpw C\nbpw {^m³knepw, PÀ½\nbnepw hcm\ncn¡pó amä§fpw. CXn\p Aev]w hÀKobX hoinbmð am{Xw aXnbmbncpóp. Atacn¡bnse Ac£nXcmb Hcp henb Iq«w shÅ¡mcpsS {]Xo£bmWv {S¼v. 24\pw 54\pw hbÊn\nSbnepÅ Hcp henb Iq«w shÅ¡mÀ tPmen tXSmsX Ac£nXcbmbn hnhn[ kwØm\§fnð Dïv. ChÀ sXmgnenñmbva thX\w kzoIcn¡pItbm, aäp B\qIqey§Ä e`n¡msXtbm Pohn¡pt¼mÄ IpSntbä¡mÀ Fñmhn[ B\pIqey§fpw t\SnsbSp¡póp. 'H_ma sIbÀ' apJt\ FñmhÀ¡pw BtcmKy ]cnKW\ \nbaw hgn \S¸m¡nbmð AXn\p ]Ww Isï¯póXv Fñp \pdp¡n ]WnsbSp¡pó \nIpXnZmbIÀ BWv. GXmïv Ct¸mÄ Xsó Atacn¡³ tPmen¡mcpsS A²zm\`mcw temI¯nse Gähpw IqSpXemWv. Hmtcm tUmfdn\pw ITn\ {]bXv-\w A\nhmcyamWv. C¯cw kmlcy¯nð hnt\mZ¯nt\m hn{ia¯nt\m CSIn«m¯ Hcp henb Iq«w, Kh¬saânsâ C¯cw DZmcXbnð Ak´pjvTcmWv. hÀ¤shdnbpw AklnjvWXbpw, FXncmfnbnð kwibhpw P\n¸n¨v, X\ns¡XncmbpÅ Fñmhtcbpw IqSSn¨pshSnh¨v CñmXm¡nbn«v a²y\bw kzoIcn¨mð IqSp Xpdóphn« `qXw IpS¯nte¡v Xncn¨p hcnñ AXnsâ e£W§Ä DS³ Iïp XpS§n. \mfnXphsc Atacn¡³ cm{ãob¯nð ]pds¯Sp¡m¯ AShpIfmWv {S¼p ]co£n¨p, XncsªSp¸nð hnPbn¨Xv. temIw {]tXyIn¨v, djybnepw, C´ybnepw ^mknk¯nte¡v XncnsIt¸m¡nemsWóp tXmópw. H_ma `cW¯nsâ Hcp hnebncp¯embn«p thWsa¦nð Cu XncsªSp¸ns\ IcpXmw. Atacn¡bnð B`y´c km¼¯oI {IaoIcW§fnð Xnf¡apÅ amä§Ä krãns¨¦nepw, hntZi \b¯nse \njv-{InbXzw Atacn¡sb ISemkp ]penbm¡n¡fªp. `oXnbpbÀ¯pó temI Acm{ãobX¡v Atacn¡ Hcp adp]Sn Bbn¡ïv temIhpw, Atacn¡bnse km[mcW P\hpw \ncmicmbn. km[mcW P\§fpsS kv]µ\§sf DÄs¡mÅm\mhm¯Xmbncpóp Atacn¡³ am²ya§fpsS {]hN\ ]cmPb§fpw hnebncp¯epIfpw {S¼nsâ Ahnizk\ob hnPbhpw. XmXznI\mbncpó t¹täm Xsâ dn¸»nIv Fó {KÙ¯nð, P\m[n]Xyw Hcp imizX ]cnlmcañ Fóp ]dbpópïv. P\m[n]Xy¯n\p PoÀ®X hcpt¼mgpw, AXp P\§fpsS hnebncp¯epIsf DÄsImÅm\mhmsXbpw hcpt¼mÄ, Hcp tkzÝm[n]Xn DbÀóp hcm\pÅ km[yX ImWpw Fópw, km[mcW P\w Hcp ]co£W¯n\p X¿mdmbn Abmsf kzoIcn¡psaópapÅ kmlNcyw DïmIpat{X. F´mbmepw Hcp ]co£W¯n\p P\w X¿mdmbn. Fómð Ìo^³ _m\³ Fó hÀ®shdnb\mbn Adnbs¸Sphm³ Xmð]cyapÅ Hcmsf {S¼nsâ {][m\ D]tZiI\pw D]tZãmhpambn \nban¨Xv Hs«mópañ \S¡w Dïm¡nbncn¡póXv. {_bnäv _mÀ«v \yqkv s\äv hÀ¡v Fó ]{XØm\¯nsâ FIv-knIyq«ohv sNbÀam³ Bbncpóp _m\³. shÅ¡mcpsS taðt¡mbvabpw, IpSntbä¯n\pw, h\nXm hntamN\¯n\pw kmwkv-ImcnI sshhn[y¯n\pw FXntc Xpdóp kwkmcn¡pó heXp]£ ]{XamWv {_bnäv_mÀ«v. _m\sâ \nba\s¯¡pdn¨v tZiobhmZn dn¨mÀUv sk]v³kdpw, Atacn¡³ \mkn ]mÀ«n sNbÀam\pw, hÀ®shdnb kwLS\bmb Ip¡q¢m³ t\Xmhv tUhnUv Uyq¡pw 'Gähpw \ñ Xocpam\w' Fóp ]dªXv \Sp¡t¯msSbmWv ImtWïXv. {S¼v Pbn¡m\mbn ]eXpw ]dªp Fó cm{ãobX{´w ]pds¯Sp¯p c£s¸Sm³ {ian¨mepw, hnX¨ Imäv Ct¸mÄ Hcp sImSp¦män\pÅ X¿msdSp¸nemsWóp tXmópóp.

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