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k`m\hoIcWhpw Nne \ntZifpw, Nmtm Ifcn FgpXpq

GXm\pw Znhk§Ä¡pap¼v t^kv_p¡nð clkyIp¼kmcs¯ kw_Ôn¨v Rms\mcp t]mÌn«ncpóp. B t]mÌn\v {io AeIvkv Imhpw]pd¯v FgpXnb Isa³dnð k`bnð ASnØm\]cambn hcpt¯ï \hoIcWs¯ kw_Ôn¨v k`mt\XrXz¯n³sd {i²bnð s]Sp¯m³thïn ]¯v {][m\ Bhiy§Ä Ipdbv¡Wsaóv FtómSv Bhiys¸«ncpóp. F{Xtbm A`yÀ°\IÄ, F{Xtbm {]mhiyw k`bnse Aevamb t\Xm¡òmÀ sa{XmòmÀ¡pw sa{Xm³kn\Un\pw AhcpsS ]cnKW\bv¡mbn CXnt\mSIw \ðInbn«pïv. Iew Iagv¯nsh¨v shÅw Hgn¡póXpt]msebmWv kw`hn¨n«pÅXv. B\¸pd¯ncn¡póhÀ¡v ]«nsb F´n\p t]Sn¡Ww? sa{Xm³kwLw AhÀ¡pthïnbmWv \ne\nð¡póXv. hnizmknIfpsS Bßob hÀ²\hnt\m AhcpsS \nXyc£ kpc£nXam¡póXnt\m thïnbñ. km[mcW hnizmknIÄ ip²lrZbcmbXn\memWv adn¨p Nn´n¡póXv. A[nImchpw k¼¯pw kpJtemep]Xbpw IfªpIpfn¡m³ Hcp sa{Xm\pw k½Xn¡nñ. ]ïv t]m¸v setbm ]¯ma³ (Pope Leo X 1513-1521) ]dªt]mse "Since God has given us the Papacy, let us enjoy it" -bpÅ a\ØnXnbmWv \½psS sa{XmòmÀ¡papÅXv. AXñmbncpsó¦nð BßmÀ°ambn k`sb kvt\ln¡pIbpw \{kmWnk`sb Bgambn ]Tn¡pIbpw AXnse Agp¡pIÄ bYmÀ°ambn Nqïn¡mWn¡pIbpw Xncp¯en\v Blzm\w sN¿pIbpw sN¿póhcpambncpóv Cu sa{XmòmÀ¡v F´psImïv kwkmcn¨pIqSm? AevambÀ¡v ]dbm\pÅXv {ihn¡m\pÅ \ò\Êpt]mepw AhÀ¡nñ. AhcpsS ap³]nð AevambÀ Ahsc A\pkcnt¡ï shdpw ASnaIÄ am{XamWv. k` ssZhP\¯n³sd Iq«mbvabmsWóv {]kwK]oT¯nð Ibdn\nóv AhÀ X«nhnSpw, cm{ãob¡mcpsS `mjbnð. a\km£n FóXv sXm«ptX¨n«nñm¯ Ahsc \óm¡m³ \½psS IÀ¯mhotimaninlmbv¡pt]mepw km[yañ. Al¦mcamIpó taZÊv A{Xbv¡hcnð I«nbmbnt¸mbn. GXmbmepw AeIvkv Bhiys¸«Xn\mð amÀtXmam \{kmWn {InkvXym\nIfpsS ]mc¼cy§sf B[mcinebm¡n (B ]mc¼cy§fntebv¡v Xncn¨pt]mIWsaómWtñm cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \t½mSmhiys¸«ncn¡póXv. AXmWtñm k`m\hoIcW¯n³sd ImXð.) Nne \nÀtZi§Ä k`m[nImc¯n³sd {i²bnð sImïphcphm³ Rm\nhnsS hoïpw Ipdn¡pIbmWv. 1.amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]qÀÆ]mc¼cya\pkcn¨v CShI¸Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw CShImwK§fptSXmbncpóp. 1991-se ]uckvXy k`IfpsS Imt\m\IÄ {]Imcw ]ÅnIfpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw cq]Xmsa{Xm³sd kz¯mbn. B \nba¯nð amäwhcp¯n ]Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw AXn³sd bYmÀ° DSaIfmb CShImwK§Ä¡v hn«psImSp¡Ww. 2.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIÄ AhcpsS ]ÅnbpsS `cWw \nÀÆln¨ncpóXv Aevambcpw CShIbnse ]«¡mcpw IqSnb ]ÅntbmK \S]Sn{Ia{]Imcambncpóp. amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]ca{][m\amb ss]XrIhpw tIcf X\nabpambncpóp AXv.  kotdm ae_mÀ sa{Xm³ kn\Uv B ]gb ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbs¯ \nÀPoham¡n hnImcnsb D]tZin¡m³am{Xw AhImiapÅ ]mÝmXy ]mcnjvIu¬knð \S¸nem¡n. \{kmWnIfpsS al¯mb ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbs¯ AhÀ Fsótóbv¡pambn CñmXm¡n. A§s\ ]ÅnIfpsS `cWw sa{XmòmÀ ]nSns¨Sp¯p. amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]ca{][m\amb ]ÅntbmK k{¼Zmbs¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n¨v ]p\cp²cn¡Ww. 3.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS k¼óamb Hcp ss]XrIambncpóp ae¦c ]Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw, Cós¯ `mjbnð]dªmð kotdm ae_mÀ k`m kn\Uv. ae¦c ]Ån¡mcpsS almtbmK¯n\pÅ D¯a DZmlcW§fmWv 1599-ð DZbt¼cqÀ ]Ånbnð tKmhm sa{Xmt¸meo¯ sat\knkv hnfn¨pIq«nb ae¦c¸Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw. AXns\ Adnbs¸SpóXv DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkv FómWv. sat\knkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯t]mepw amÀtXmam\{kmWnIfpsS ]ïpImew apXsebpÅ k`mXocpam\§Ä FSp¡pó almtbmKs¯ am\n¨p. cïmas¯ DZmlcWw ]qÀÆnI³amÀsXm«v kzoIcn¨pt]móncpó \S]Sn{]Imcw 1773-ð A¦amenbnð IqSnb ae¦c CSh¡mcpsS almtbmKw. ae¦c CShI Fó {]tbmKwsImïv ChnsS AÀ°am¡póXv ae¦c cq]XsbómWv. ]mtd½m¡ð tKmhÀWtZmdpsS 'hÀ¯am\¸pkvXIw' ImWpI. ae¦c¸Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw Fó \{kmWn ss]XrIs¯ AYhm kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv sa{XmòmÀ Cóphsc ]p\cp²cn¨n«nñ. kotdm ae_mÀ sa{Xm³kn\Uv krãn¨v AXns\ k`mkn\Uv FóhÀ hnfn¡mdpïv. k`m]ucsc k`m`cW¯nð\nópw ]cn]qÀWambn¯só AhÀ ]pd¯m¡n. kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv cq]oIcn¡m¯Xv 'amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSpw' Fó \{kmWnIfpsS ss]XrI¯n³sd \s«sñmSn¡m³thïn am{XamWv. Cónt¸mÄ ae¦c\{kmWnIfpsS almtbmKanñ; Xocpam\saSp¡m³ A[nImcapÅ CShI]Ån s]mXptbmKanñ; hnImcnsb D]tZin¡pó ]mcnjv Iu¬knð am{Xw! F§s\bpïv h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \nÀtZin¨ k`bpsS ]qÀÆ]mc¼cy§fnte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v? A[nImcsañmw sa{XmòmcpsS ssI¿nð Ccn¡Ww. \{kmWnIÄ AhcpsS shdpw ASnaIÄ. amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`bpsS ]qÀÆss]XrIamb k`malmtbmKw hgnbpÅ ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbw \S¸nem¡Ww. kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv F{Xbpw thKw cq]oIcn¡Ww. 4.amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`bnð sa{XmòmÀ B[ymßnIip{iqjbnð am{Xw hym]mcn¨ncpóp. \m«psa{Xms\ \{kmWn k`bv¡v e`n¨ ImewsXm«mWv ]mÝmXycoXnbnepÅ sa{Xm³ `cWw \½psS k`bnð Bcw`n¨Xv. sa{Xm³ cq]XbpsS `cWm[nImcnbmIm³ ]mSnñ. AXv ]mÝmXy ]Ån`cW coXnbmWv. sa{XmòmÀ¡v B[ymßnI A[nImcta DïmIm³ ]msSmÅp. cq]XbpsS `uXnI\S¯n¸n\pÅ A[nImcw Aevambcpw sshZnImcpw sa{Xm\pw tNÀópÅ cq]XmtbmK¯nð \n£n]vXambncn¡Ww. A§s\ \{kmWnIfpsS ]gb cq]Xm`cWss]XrIs¯ ]p\cp²cn¡Ww. 5.do¯v Fóp]dbpó ss]XrI¯n\v ]e LSI§Ä Dïv. AXnsemcp   LSIw am{XamWv Bcm[\{Iaw. \memw \qämïpapXð ]Xn\mdmw \qämïphsc \{kmWnk` CuÌv kndnb³ (IevZmb k`) _Ôapïmbncpóp. IðZmb sa{XmòmÀ AÀ¸n¨ncpó dmkIpÀºm\ \½psS I¯\mcòmÀ AÀ¸n¨ncpónñ. DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkn\ptijw tdmkv sa{Xm\mWv \{kmWnIfpsS Bcm[\`mj kpdnbm\nbnem¡nbXv. tdmapw Nne \m«psa{XmòmcpamWv \s½ kpdnbm\n¡mcm¡m³ ]cn{ian¨Xv.  Cónt¸mÄ \s½ kpdnbm\n¡mÀ Fóv hnfn¡póXv \s½ A]am\n¡póXn\v XpeyamWv. do¯p\nÀWb¯n³sd Hcp LSIw am{Xamb Bcm[\{Ia¯n³sd ]gb `mjbpsS ASnØm\¯nð IevZmbk`bpsS ]p{Xok`bm¡n kotdm ae_mÀ k` Fóp hnfn¡póXv \aps¡m«pw tNÀóXñ. \½psS Bcm[\{Ias¯ `mcXoIcn¡pIbpw k`bpsS t]cv amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡mk` Fóm¡pIbpw thWw. 6.]Xn\mdmw \qämïpapXð ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämïphsc \{kmWnIÄ¡v e¯o³ k`bpambpw _Ôapïmbn. B k`bnse LSI§fpw \{kmWnIÄ kzmwioIcn¨p. Imem´c¯nð amÀtXmam \{kmWn k` IðZmb-e¯o³ k¦c k`bmbn ]cnWans¨óv cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð ]nXm¡òmÀ a\Ênem¡nbXn³sd ^eambn«mWv \{kmWn k`bv¡v \ãs¸«pt]mb ]qÀÆ]mc¼cy§fntebv¡v Xncn¨pt]mbn \hoIcn¡m³ ISabpsïóv Iu¬knð {]t_m[n¸n¨Xv. B {]t_m[\s¯ \m«psa{XmòmÀ A¸msS XÅn¡fªp. Xòqew, tdma³ sImtfmWnbð \S]Sn{Iaw Cópw \nÀ_m[w XpScpóp. AXntI{µoIrXamb GIm[n]Xy`cWs¯ Ac¡n«pd¸n¡m\mWv AhcpsS {iaw. Bcm[\{Iahpw k`m`cW{Iahpw amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSpw {]Imcw \hoIcn¡s¸SWw. 7.amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡mk` Hómw \qämïnð¯só Hcp tbipinjy\mð Øm]nXsa¦nepw Cónt¸mÄ B k` aqómw \qämïntem \memw \qämïntem Øm]nXamb ]uckvXy IðZmb k`bpsS ]p{Xok`bmbn tdmw B¡nbncn¡bmWv. amÀtXmam \{kmWnk`sb X\Xmb Hcp At¸mkvXenI k`bmbn tdmw {]Jym]n¡m\pÅ \S]SnIÄ sa{XmòmÀ kzoIcn¡Ww. 8.]uckvXyk`Isf _m[n¡pó Imt\m³ \nbaw tdma³ ]uckvXyk`Ifnð s]Sm¯ amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡k`bnð 1991 apXð \S¸nem ¡n. B Imt\m³ \nba kwlnXbv¡p]Icw amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS ss]XrIs¯ B[mcam¡n ]pXnb Hcp Imt\m\kwlnX F{Xbpw thKw t{ImUoIcn¡Ww. 9.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIÄ ]ÅnIfnð hnip²cpsS kzcq]§Ä sh¨ncpónñ. hnip²tcmSpÅ AanX`àn \{kmWnIÄ¡nñmbncpóp. ]mÝmXy anjy\dnamcmWv \½psS ]ÅnIfnð cq]¡qSpIfpïm¡n hnip²sc AXnð {]Xnãn¨pXpS§nbXv. Cóv ]Wk¼mZ\¯n\mbn hnip²tcmSpÅ hW¡s¯ k` t{]mÕmln¸n¨v hnizmknIsf AÔhnizmk¯ntebv¡v XÅnhnSpIbmWv. hnip²cpsS cq]§Ä ]ÅnIfnð\nópw \o¡w sN¿Ww. kphntijm[njvTnXambn Pohn¡m³ hnizmknIsf ]Tn¸n¡Ww. 10.DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkphsc (1599) amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS I¯\mcòmÀ hnhmlnXcmbncpóp. kq\ltZmkmWv \{kmWn ]ptcmlnXcpw AhnhmlnXcmbncn¡Ww Fó ]mÝmXy e¯o³ k`m\nbaw \S¸nem¡nbXv. amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS ]gb ]mc¼cy¯nte¡v Xncn¨pt]mbn Bhiys¸Spó sshZnIÀ¡v hnhmlw sN¿m\pÅ A\phmZw \ðIm\pÅ \S]Sn kzoIcn¡Ww. 11.{InkvXob \yq\]£¯n³sd t]cnð Kh¬sa³dv \ðInbncn¡pó AhImi§Ä sa{Xmòmcpw sshZnIcpw I\ymkv{XnIfpaS§pó k`bnse \yq\]£amWv Cóv A\p`hn¡póXv. Aevambsc apgph\mbn B B\pIqey§fnð\nópw AIän\nÀ¯nbncn¡bmWv. Fómð k`m]ucscbpw Fñm Xe§fnepw `mKhm¡m¡m\pÅ amä§Ä k`bnð hcp¯Ww. 12.amÀtXmam \{kmWn {InkvXym\nIfpsS Ncn{Xhpw ]mÝmXy/]uckvXy tdma³k`IfpsS Ncn{Xhpw thZ]mT¢mkpIfnð {][m\ hnjbambn ]Tn¸n¡Ww. amÀtXmam ss]XrIs¯¸änbpÅ Bgamb Adnhv Fñm \{kmWnIÄ¡pw e`n¡Ww. Npcp¡n¸dªmð cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \nÀt±in¨{]Imcw \½psS k`sb ]p\cp²cn¨v \hoIcn¡póXn\p]Icw ]Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw ]Ån`cWhpw sa{XmòmÀ ]nSns¨Sp¡pIbpw IðZmb  Bcm[\{Iaw \S¸nem¡pIbpw amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`sb IðZmb k`bpsS ]p{Xok`bm¡pIbpw ]uckvXy Imt\m³ \nbaw \{kmWnIfpsStað sI«ntbev]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. \mfnXphsc kotdm ae_mÀ sa{XmòmÀ \S¯nb k`m\hoIcW¯nð _lp`qcn]£w k`m]uccpw AXr]vXcmsWó hkvXpX XÀ¡aä ImcyamWv. BbXn\mð {kmWnIfpsS PohnX coXnbmbncpó (way of life) amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSn³sdbpw ASnØm\¯nð amä§Ä hcp¯m³ k`m[nImcnIfpw kóykvXcpw k`m]uccpw Hómbn ]cn{ian¡psaóv {]Xymin¡póp.

Hp Xnh shw IpSns, sshZnIs ]oU\spdnv sk lyp̳ FgpXp teJ\w

sshZnIsâ ]oU\IY am[ya§fnð \ndwsh¨pw shbv¡msXbpw \nd-ªmSpIbmWv. AXv It¯men¡ k`tbbpw sshZnI temIt¯bpw Xsó \mWw sISp¯nsbóXmWv kXyw. sXäp sNbvXpsbóp am{Xañ, AXv adbv¡m³ AXnt\¡mÄ henb sXäp sNbvXpsbóXmWv t]meokv At\zjW¯nð¡q-Sn Isï¯nbncn¡póXv. Hcp sXäns\ adbv¡m³ H-cmbncw sXsäó \nebv¡mWv At±lw sNbvXXv. A-Xv It¯men¡mk`tbbpw sshZnI kaqlt¯bpw HóS¦w Icnhmcnt¯¨psbóXmWv kXyw. AhnhmlnXcmb sshZnIscñmhcpw kv{Xo ew_Sòmcpw hnip² PohnXw \bn¡m¯hcpw Xt´mónIfpamsWó co-Xnbnte¡pw Ahscsbms¡ hnhmlw Ign¸n¡Wsa-ópapÅ A`n{]mbw ]e`mK¯p \nópw Dbcpópïv. sshZn Isc hnhmlw Ign¸n¡m³ A\phZn¡m¯ It¯men¡mk`sb \ninXambn hnaÀin¡pópïv Hcp henb hn`mKw. sshZnIsc F´p sImïv hnhmlw Ign¸n¨p IqSmsbóXmWv ChÀ tNmZn¡póXv. hnhmlw I-gn¸n¨mð CXns\ms¡ Hcp ]cnlmcw ImWm³ IgnbpsaóXmWv ChÀ¡v ]dbm\pÅXv. sshZnIsc hnhmlw Ign¸n¡m³ A\phZn¨mð CXns\ms¡ ]-cnlmcw ImWm³ Ignbptam. IpSpw_PohnXw \bn¡pó sshZnIcpsS t]cnepw ]oU\t¡kpIfpw aäpw tIcf¯nepïmbn«pïv. hnhmlw Ign¸n¡pIsbóXp sImïp am{Xw CXns\mcp ]cnlmcw ImWm³ I-gnbnñ. ChnsS k`bv¡p amäw hcpóXnt\¡mÄ hyànIÄ¡mWv amäw htcïXv. It¯men¡mk`bnð ]¯p hÀjt¯mfamWv sshZnI ]T\¯n\mbn Hcp hyàn Nnehgn¡pI. CXc k`IÄ Aôp apXð Ggp hÀjw hsc. Cu ]T\¯n-\nSbnð ssZhimkv{Xhpw k`m]T\hpw IpSpw_ PohnXs¯¡pdn¨pw ]Tn-¸n¡pópïv. Cu Imebfhnð ]T\w Dt]£n¨v t]mIm³ A\phmZhpw \ðIpópïv. ]¯p hÀjs¯ ]T-\w Ignªv Xncphkv{Xw \ðIpóXn\p ap³]p hsc AhÀ¡v CjvSPohnXw XncsªSp¡m³ It¯men¡mk` A\phZn¡póp. AhtcmSv tNmZn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\ptijw am{Xsa AhÀ¡v ]«w \ðIpIbpÅp. Fómð ]«w In«n¡gnbpt¼mÄ Ahcnð ]eÀ¡pw X§Ä kzX{´-cmbnsbó Nn´mKXn-bpïmIpw. CShIIfnð hn-Imcnamcmbn \nban¨pI-gnªmð X§Ä kzX{´cpw \nb{´n¡m³ Bcpanñm¯hcpw \òbpw Xnòbpw X§ Ä¡v _m[Iasñó coXnbnemWv C¡q«cpsS {]hÀ¯n. AhnsSbmWv {]iv\§Ä DïmIpóXv. AhcmWv ]oUIcpw ]m]nIfpamIpóXv. C§s\bpÅhÀ sXäp sN¿pópsb-óv Isï¯nbmð Ahsc B Øm\¯p \nópw ]Z-hnbnð \nópw ]pd¯m¡pI Xsó sN¿Ww. Fómð \nÀ `mKyamb Hcp Imcyw It¯men¡mk` Ah-sc asämcp Øet¯¡v amäpI am{XamWv ]et¸mgpw sN¿póXv. AXv AhÀ¡v IqSpXð ss[cyw \ðIpIbpw IqSpXð IqSpXð sXäpIfnte¡v amdpIbpw sN¿pw. Hcp Øewamä¯nð¡qSn {]iv\w ]cnlcn¡s¸-Spónñ. IqSpXð k¦oÀ-®am¡s¸SpIbmWv k`m t\XrXzw sN¿póXv. Ct¸mÄ ]oU\t¡knð AdÌp sNbvX sshZnI\pÄs¸sS ]oU\t¡knð AdÌp sN¿s¸«n«pÅ sshZnIscñmw Xsó ]nSn¡s¸SpóXn\p ap³]v CXn\v kam\amb ]e {]hÀ¯nIfpw sN-bvXn«pïv. k`mt\XrXzw AXnsâ Kuchw a\Ên-em¡msXtbm, Iïnsñóv \-Sn¡pItbm BWv sN¿pI. k`m hkv{Xw C«psImïv k`bv¡pw ssZh¯n\psaXncmb ]m]{]hÀ¯nIÄ ImWn¡póhsc AXv k`m-t\XrXz¯nsâ {i²bnðs¸Spó kab¯p Xsó k`bnse ]utcmlnXy ip{iqjbnð \nóv amtäïXmWv. AhÀs¡Xnsc \S]SnsbSp¡pI Xsó thWw. A§s\ sNbvsX¦nð am{X-sa C¯cw k`sb If¦-s¸Sp¯pó kw`h§Ä¡v ]cnlmcapïmIq. thï kab¯v thïXpt]mse k`mt\XrXzw {]hÀ¯n¡m³ aSn¡pt¼mgmWv C¯cw kw`h§Ä DïmIpóXv. AXv sshZn-I PohnX¯nsâ ]hn{X-XtbmsS Pohn¡pó sshZnItcbpw Icnhmcn tXbv¡póp sbóXmWv kXyw. HcmÄ sXäp sNbvXmð B hyàn DÄs¸Spó kaqlw apgph³ sXäpImcmIpónñ. PohnX hnip²nbpw sshZnI Po hnX¯nsâ alXzhpw a\Ênem¡n Pohn¡pó sshZnIcpw sa{Xmòmcpapïv. A\yaX¡mc\mb bp-hmhn\v Xsâ InUv\n \ðIn amXrI Im«nb ]me sa{Xmt¸m-eo¯mamÀ apcn¡³ XpS§n \nch[nt¸sc NqïnImWn¡mw. Fómð Ah-cpsSsbñmw al¯mb {]hÀ¯nIfpw amXrIm]camb \òIfpw \njv{]`am¡póXmWv C¯cw sshZnIcpsS {]hÀ¯nIÄ. Ip-Spw_¯nð HcmÄ IÅ\mbmð B IpSpw_w apgph³ IÅsâ IpSpw_saó t]cnedn bs¸SpsaóXmWv kXyw. Cóv Hcp sshZnIs\ ImWpt¼mÄ AXp It¯men¡mk`bnse sshZnIs\ ImWpt¼mÄ BZyw a\Ênð HmSnsb¯pI hnImcPohnbmb Hcp hyànbm-bn«mWv Fóv Cu ASp-¯ kab¯v Hcp kplr¯v ]dbpIbpïmbn. CXv Hcp hyànbpsS A`n{]mbañ. ]IpXnbnð IqSpXð t]-cptSbpw A`n{]mbamWv. AXn\p ImcWw sshZnIcpsS {]hÀ¯nIfpw aäpamsWóv k½Xnt¡ïXpïv. ssZh¯nsâ {]Xn]pcpj-òmcmbn Iïncpó sshZnIsc Cutim aninlmbpsS \ma¯nð kvXpXn ]dªp sImïmbncpóp A`nhmZyw sNbvXncpóXv. A{X alXzw B ]Zhn¡v \ðInbncpóp. Hcp hyànbmbn«ñ adn¨v ssZh¯nsâ {]Xncq]am-bn«mbncpóp Hcp Ime¯v sshZnIs\ kaqlw AwKoIcn¨ncpóXpw BZcn¨ncpóXpw. AXv amdnamdn AXn\p hn]coXamb Xe¯nte¡v B ]Zhnsb amänsb-Sps¯¦nð AXv C¯cw kw`h§fnð¡qsSbmsWóp ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. Hcp hyàn sshZnI thj-anSpt¼mÄ Hcp Øm\saóXnep]cn Hcp amäamWv DïmIpI. B amäw AXn-sâ ]hn{XX a\Ênem¡m³ sshZnI³ adóp t]m-IpónS¯v sshZnI PohnX¯nsâ alXzw \in¡póp. ssZhs¯t¸mepw ]co£n¨ km¯m³ a\pjysc ]co£n¡pIbñ ]m]¯neIs¸Sp¯m³ {ian¡pw ]et¸mgpw. B Hcp ]m]Nn´ a\Ênð ISsó¯pt¼mÄ Rm³ C«n-cn¡pó hkv{X¯nsâ hn-ip²nbpw Rm\mbncn¡pó kaq l¯nsâ alXzhpw Rm³ sN¿pó tPmenbpsS D¯chmZnXzt_m[hpw Rm³ Nn´n¡pt¼mÄ Fsó B ]m]Nn´Ifnð \nóv amänsbSp¡psaóv Hcn¡ð Fsâ GähpaSp¯ kplr¯mb Hcp sshZnI³ ]dbpIbpïmbn. Hcp sshZnI³ Bcmbncn¡Wsaópw F´mbncn¡Wsaópw CXnð hyàam¡pópïv. ]m]s¯¡pdn¨v D¯at_m[ apÅhcmWv sshZnIÀ. AhÀ ]Tn¡póXpw ]Tn-¸n¡póXpw Gsdbpw ]m]s¯¡pdn¨pw AXn\pÅ in£ sb¡pdn¨pambncn¡pw. Fón«pw Ahcnð ]ecpw ]m]nIfmbnt¸mIpóXv AhÀ¡v X§sf Gð¸n-¨ncn¡pó tPmenbpsS alXzw AdnbmsX t]mIpóXp sImïmWv. ]m]¯nsâ sNfn Ipïnð hogpt¼mÄ AXnð \nóhsc ssI]nSn¨p IbtäïhcmWv sshZnIÀ. ]m]tamN\¯n\pt]mepw A[nImcapÅ ]ZhnbmWv Hcp sshZnI\pÅXv. AXp sImïmWtñm Ipw-_kmcsaó IqZmi¡mbn sshZnIsâ apónð ap«pIp¯n \nð¡póXv. B kabw sshZnIs\ Hcp hyànbmbñ ImWpóXv adn¨v ssZ-hw a\pjy\nte¡v Cd§n hóv cq]m´cs¸« A-hØbmbn«mWv ImWpóXv. ]m] tamN\hpw ]cnlmchpw AXv ]caclkyhpambn sshZnI³ Im¯psImÅp-saópÅ Dd¸nemWv Hcp hnizmkn AhcpsS ap³]nð Ipw_kmc¯n\mbn hcpóXv. AXpsImïpXsó ]m]¯nð Hcp hnizmkn AIs¸Spt¼mÄ Ahs\ AXnð \nóv IcIbäm³ Hcp sshZnI\v ISabpw IÀ¯hyhpapïv. Hcp hnizmkn ]m]¯nð AIs¸«mð In«póXnt\¡mÄ ssZh ap³]msI in£ e`n¡p-I ]m]s¯¡pdn¨v t_m[hpw t_m[hð¡cWhpw \S¯pó sshZoI³ sXäp sN¿pt¼mgmWv. \n-bas¯¡pdn¨v AdnbpóhÀ \nbaw ewLn¡s¸Spt¼mgmWv AXv Adnbm¯htc¡mÄ in£ IqSpXseóXpt]mse. A§s\ sshZnI³ sXäpImc\mIpt¼mÄ AXv hnizmk kaqls¯ sam¯¯nð apdns¸-Sp¯póp. B kXyw sshZnIÀ a\Ênemt¡ïXpXsó. {]Xo£bpw {]Xymibpw Hcp sshZnI\nð AÀ-¸n¡pó hnizmknIsf AXnð ¡qSn \S¯m\pÅ D¯c hmZnXzhpw Hcp sshZnI\nepsïóv ad¡cpXv. sXm®qän H³]Xnt\bpw hn«n«v hgnsXänt¸mb HcmSns\ tXSnt¸mIpó \ñnSb\mWv D¯a\mb Hcp sshZnI³. AXmWv Hcp sshZnI³. B sshZnI³ sXäp sN¿pt¼mÄ AXv hnizmkn kaqls¯ hrWs¸Sp¯pw. AhcpsS a\Ênð Bg¯nð apdn-hpïm¡pw. Ahsc kvt\-ln¡pIbpw hnizkn¡pIbpw {]XymibÀ¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pó GsXmcp hnizmknbpsS AhØbmWv AXv. Hcp sshZnI³ Bßob-]nXmhpw `uXoI ]nXmhnt\mfw Øm\hpw Dïv. Hcp ]nXmhn\v a¡sf imkn¡m\pw t\Àhgn¡v \S¯m\pw AhImihpw A[nImc-hpapïv. AXn\v hncp²ambn sN¿pt¼mÄ AhÀ ]nXmhñ ]nimNmIpóp. A§-s\bpÅhÀ sshZnI KW-¯nepapïv. AhcmWv sshZnIKWs¯ A]am-\n¡póXpw A]am\s¸Sp¯póXpw. A§s\bpÅhsc kaql¯nð \nópXsó Hä s¸Sp¯Ww. A§-s\bpÅhsc Häs¸Sp¯nbmð t]msc. A§s\bpÅhsc A]am\n¨mð t]msc. A§s\bpÅhsc {Iq-in¨mð t]msc. Añm¯h-sc F´n\p {Iqin¡Ww. AS¨mt£]n¡Ww. A]am\n¡Ww. D¸p Xnópóhs\ shÅwIpSn¸n¨mð t]msc. sshZnI PohnX¯n-sâ ]hn{XXbpw hnip²nbpw Adnªv Pohn¡pó F{Xtbm sshZnIÀ \½psS kaql¯nepïv. PmXn¡pw aX¯n\pw AXoXambn a\pjy\òsb IcpXn Pohn¨ At\Iw sshZnIÀ \ap¡p Npäp-apïv, Dïmbncpón«papïv. ]ïpÅXnt\¡mÄ Aev]w Ipdhpsïóp am{Xw. sshZnI kaqls¯ AS¨mt£]n¡póhÀ Hcp kXyw a\Ênem¡Ww \n§Ä AS¨mt£]n¡póXv A]am\n¡póXv Ahsc¡qSnbmsWóv. Ipäw sN¿póhÀ Bcmbmepw in£n¡s¸SWw. Ah-sc kaql¯nð \nóp Xsó Häs¸Sp¯Ww. H¸w Ipäw sN¿m¯hÀ {Iqin¡s¸Sm sXbpancn¡Ww. hnfn-¨ hnfn¡ptbmKyamb coXnbnð Pohn¡pI A{Xtb ]dbm\pÅp. AXv A¨\mbmepw Aevamb\mbmepw.

IpIrXyġv tijw cs]Sm Ignbp ssZhns kzw \mSv

DóX§fnð ]nSn]mSpw cmjv{St\Xm¡fpambn«pw ]mÀ«nIfpambn«pw ASp¸ hpw {]apJcpambn am^nb _Ôhpapsï¦nð GXv IpäIrXyw sNbvXmepw ]nSn¡s¸SmsX c£s]Sm³ Ignbpó Hcp Øew GsXóp tNmZn¨mð AXnð BZys¯ D¯cw ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \msSóv \mw DuäwsImÅpó tIcf-ambncn¡pw. BÀ¡pw Btcbpw sImñmw BtcmSpw {]-XnImcw sN¿mw ]oUn¸n¡mw t]Sn¸n¡mw. BZyw H-cp _lfw am[ya§fnð A-hnsSbpw ChnsSbpw sXmSmsX hmb\¡mcnð kwibw krjvSn¸n¡pó hmÀ¯IÄ, Nm\epIfnð NqS³ NÀ¨IÄ. t]meoknsâ _mä¬t_mknsâ Ipäm-t\zjW IYbnset¸mse ImXS¸n¨psImïpÅ Hc-t\zjWw. {]Xnsb ]nSn¨p ]nSn¨nñmsbó coXnbnep-Å dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ. A§s\ cïp aqóv BgvN¡mew H-cp _lfw. Fñm¯n\p sam-Sphnð hoSpw IqSpanñmsX sXcphnð InSópd§póhsâ I¿nð Hcp ssI¿maw. Aht\bpw sImïv tImSXnbnte¡v Hcp sI«nsbgpóÅn¸v. AtXmsS tIkpw XoÀóp _lfhpah-km\n¨p. A§s\bmWv tIcf¯nent¸mÄ DóX§fnð ]nSn]mSpÅhÀ Ipäw sNbvXmepÅ ØnXn. tIcf¯nð _wKmfnIÄ aebmfnI-sf¡mÄ IqSpXepÅt¸mÄ {]XnIsf Iïp]nSn¡m³ bmsXmcp {]bmkhpanñ. tIcf¯nepÅ GsX¦nepsam cp _wKmfnbpsS Xebnð Fñm Ipähpw h¨v s]meokv AhcpsS `mKw IrXyXbpw `wKnbpam¡pó ImgvNbmWv Cu ASp¯ kab¯v ImWm³ Ignªn«pÅXv. _wKmfnIsfs¡m-ïv aebmfnIÄ¡v asämcp {] tbmP\hpw IqSnbpsïóv Ct¸mÄ a\Ênembn XpS§nbncn¡póp. aebm-fadnbm¯XpsImïv Nm\-epImcptSbpw tImSXnbptSbpw ap³]msI hmbv Xp-d¡pIbpanñ. I£¯nteXv AhnsSbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw D ¯c¯nteXv FSp¡pIbpw sN¿m³ Ignbpw _w-Kmfnsb {]Xnbm¡nbmð. Pnj apXð ]e tImfnf¡w krjvSn-¨ tIÊpIfpw iàcpw IÀ¡i ¡mcmb t]meokptZymKØcpw At\zjn¨n«pw Hcp _wKmfnbnð F¯n Ahkm\n¡mdmWv tI-cf¯nse ØnXn. _wKmfn-sb¡mÄ _p²nbpw ]Whpw ]nSn ]mSpapÅ aebmfn Ipäw sNbvXn«v ]Wsadnªpw D óX§fnð ]nSn]mSp-]tbmKn¨v \nba¯nsâbpw \oXn ]oT¯nsâbpw ]nSnbnðs¸SmsX c£s]SpIbpw ]Ið am\yòmcmbn Ac-§p XIÀ¯p Pohn¡pIbpamWv. Hcp shSn¡v ]e ]£nIsfbmWv Cu _p²namòmcmb aebmfn hogv¯póXv. Izt«j\pw am^nbm¡mcpw Cc«Isft¸mse tIcf¯nð AgnªmSp t¼mÄ cmjv{Sob KpïIÄ FXncmfnIsf Acnªp hogv¯ns¡mïncn¡pópsb óXmWv kXyw.  C-Xnseñmw {]XnIÄ an¡t¸mgpw HtcbmÄ¡mÀ Xsó-bmbncn¡pw. Izt«j\p t]mIpt¼mÄ KpïIsft¸mse thjw [cn¨p. cmjv{Sob sIme]mXI¯n\p t]mIp t¼mÄ ]mÀ«nIfpsS coXn¡\pkcn¨pamsW-ó hyXymksabpÅp. ]s£ Chsc hfÀ¯póXpw h-epXm¡póXpw kwc£n¡póXpw cmjv{Sob DtZymKØ t]meokv Iq«psI«pw. Ct¸mÄ kn\na¡mcpw IqSnbn«pïv. AÄtkj³ \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯póXpt]mse Bhiy¯n\pÅ amwk I jW§Ä sImSp¯psImïv Cu Iq«psI«v AhÀ¡v CjvSapÅXv sN¿n-¸n¡póp. {]XnImcw sN¿m\pw IpSn¸I XoÀ¡m\pw At[mtemI km{amPyw sI«n¸Sp¡m\pw IncoSanñm¯ cmPm¡òmcmbn hmgm\pw CXv sN¿n¸n¡pt¼mÄ im´kpµcambXpw im´nbpw kam[m\hpw hnfbmSn bncpóXpamb tIcfw ab¡pacpónsâbpw KpïIfptSbpw Izt«j³ kwL¯nsâbpw A{IanI-fptSbpw am^nbm¡mcptSbpw \mSmbn amdnbncn¡póp. {]tXyIn¨v sIm¨n. C-¡mcy¯nð apwss_bmbncpóp ap³]nð. apwss_-sb C´ybpsS hymhkmbn-I XeØm\saóv hntijn-¸n¡pótXmsSm¸w Cu Imcy¯nsâsbms¡v X-eØm\ambpw hntijn¸n¨n-cpsó¦nð AXv amän sIm¨nsb hntijn¸n¡pó Imew A Isebñ. apwss_sbt¸mse Hcp Nphó sXcphp IqSnbmbmð sIm¨n apw ss_bpsS htey«\mIpw. sIm¨nbnepw aäv {][m\ \Kc§fnepw kqcy \kvXan¨mð kv{XoIÄ¡v ]pd¯nd§n \S¡m³ ]äm¯ AhØbnte¡v Bbn ¯oÀópsbóXmWv kXyw A{X Iïv Ima{`m´-òmcpsS \mSmbn amdnbncn¡póp \½psS \Kc§Ä. AhnsS BdphbÊpImcn¡pw Adp ]XphbÊpImcn¡pw c£ bnñm¯ AhØbmWv. km[mcW¡mcpw sken{_nänIfpw ChcpsS CcbmIpw. A{XIïv A[:]Xn¸n¨p Chscñmhcpw IqSn \½psS \mSns\sbóp ]dbmsX h¿. CsXms¡ Iïn«pw tI«n«pw `cWIqShpw \nba]meIcpw amhnembn ¡mc\mbn Rm\nhnSp¯p Imc\sñóv ]dªv X-Sn X¸póXmWv Gsd ckIcw. At[mtemI XeØm\ambn amdns¡mïncn¡pó tIcf¯nð CsXm-s¡ ASn¨aÀ¯m³ apwss_ s]meoknepïmbncpóXpt]mse Hcp c_nsdsb¦nep-apïmbncpsó¦nð aXnbm-bncpóp. apwss_ sXcphpIÄ At[mtemI§Ä cmjv{Sob `cW Ahnip² Iq«p-sI«pIfpsS ]n³_e¯nð AS¡n hmgpIbpw sN¿p-I am{Xañ. km{amPy§Ä ]nSn s¨Sp¡m³ Bbp[hpambn sXcphnð t]mcpw t]mÀhnfnIfpw \S¯pIbpïmbn. ]ckv]cw ]IXoÀ-¯t¸mÄ apwss_ sXcphoYnIÄ tNmc¡fambn. \nc]cm[n IÄt]mepw AXn\n-cbmbt¸mÄ `cWIqSw c-_nsdsbó Icp¯\mb t]meokv Hm^oksd apwss_ t]meokv I½ojWdm¡n. cmjv{Sob `cW t\Xr-Xz\nÀt±i§sf XoÀ¯pw Ah KWn¨psImïv At[mtemI§sf ASn¨aÀ¯m³ c_nsdbv¡v Aóv Ignªp. c_nsdsbóp tI«mð At[mtemI§Ä hnd¨ncpóp Aóv. tIcf¯nsâ \Kc§fnepw c_nsdamcpïm IWw. N¦qät¯msS apJw t\m¡msX Ipähm-fnIÄs¡Xnsc \S]Snsb-Sp¯mð CsXms¡ ASn¨aÀ ¯m³ Ignbmhpó-tXbpÅp. sImópw sImñn¨pw tIcf¯nð Ac£nXmhØbpïm¡nb \IvkenÊw DÄs¸sS F{Xtbm {]iv\§Ä tIcfm t]meokv ASn¨aÀ¯nbn«pïv. thWsaóp sh¨mð CsXms¡ ASn¨aÀ¯m³ IgnbpósXbpÅp. a\Êph-bv¡Wsaóp am{Xw. apIfnð \nópÅ D¯chpw DóX§fnð \nópÅ k½À±hpw ImcWw ]et¸mgpw t]meokn\p tað Iq¨phne-§nSmdpïv. Fómð AXv amdnsb aXnbmIq. Csñ¦nð A{IanIfptSbpw Agnªm«¡mcptSbpw Cuänñambn tIcfw amdpw. \Snsb B{Ian¨ ]ÄkÀ kp\nsb tImSXn¡pÅnð \nóv ]nSn¨nd¡n sImïpt]mIm³ tIcfm t]meokv ImWn¨ B N¦qäamWv Cóp thïXv. A¯cw N¦qäw ImWn¡m³ tIcf t]meoknð DtZymKØcpsïóXv A`nam\hpw B-izmkhpamb ImcyamWv. ]ÄkÀ kp\nsb AdÌp sNbvXXnð tIcfm t]meokv A`n\µ\aÀ ln¡pópsb¦nepw AXnð D¯chmZnIfmbhÀ Bscs¡bmbmepw Ahscsbms¡ \nba¯nsâ apónð sImïphóv in£ hm§n s¡mSps¯¦nð am{Xsa AhcpsS sXm¸nbnð s]m³Xqhð NmÀ¯m³ Ignbq. apJw c£n¡m³ Hcp AdÌv Fó coXnbnemWv Cu tIkv t]mIpó-sX¦nð shfp¡m³ tX¨Xv ]mïmbn¯ocpw. \Snsb B{Ian¨Xnsâ ]nónse e-£ysas´óXnt\¡mÄ Nn-´n¸n¡pó asämcp hkvXp-X tIcf¯nsâ kpc£nX-XzanñmbvabmWv. kn\nabnse IpSn¸Itbm {]XnIm-ctamsbóXñ ChnsS {]-Xn]mZyamb hnjbw. Hcp sken{_nänsbt¸mepw ]o-Un¸n¡m\pw X«ns¡mïpt]mIm\pw hsc ChnSps¯ {Inan\epIÄ¡v ss[-cyapïmIpópsbóXmWv. Hcp \Snsb X«ns¡mïpt]mbmð DïmImhpó `hnj¯pIÄ F´msWóv AhÀ¡v \ómbdnbmw. km[mcW¡msc ]oUn¸n¨mð Bcpw tNmZn¡m\nñm¯ \m«nð {]ikvXbmb Hcp \Snsb ]oUn¸n¨mð AhÀ¡pthïn ]ecpw cw-K¯phcpw. {]tXyIn¨v kn\nam\SnbmIpt¼mÄ. AXv hnhmZhpw hfsctbsd H¨¸mSpIfpw Dïm¡pw. Dó-XÀ AXnð CSs]Spw. At\zjWw AXp sImïp Xsó DuÀÖnXs¸Spw. X§Ä ]nSnbnem Ipw C¯cw Imcy-§Ä Fñmw t_m²yapÅ-hcmWtñm CXnse IpähmfnIÄ. Cu `hnjy¯p¡-sfsbñmw adnIS¡m³ X§Ä¡p Ignbpsaóv AhÀ Nn´n¨ XpsImïmWtñm AhÀ Cu IrXy¯n\v apXnÀóXv. AhÀ A§s\ Nn´n¡m³ ImcWw AhÀ¡Xn\v Fñm klmbhpw sNbvXpsImSp¡m³ iàcmbhÀ ]nónepsïóXmtWm. AhÀ A[nImc¯nepÅhscbpw aäpw kzm[o\n¡m³ I-gnbpóhcmbncn¡pw. Ah-scbmWv t]meokv cwK¯psImïp htcïXv. AWnbdbnencpóv NcSp hen¡pó am\yXbpsS apJwaqSnbWnª AhcpsS apJwaqSn Ducn \nba¯n\p apónð sImïphcm³ t]meokn\p Ignªmð am{Xsa \m«nð \oXnbpw \nbahpw \S¡q. sImSpw Ipähm fnIsf Cd¡nhn«v X§Ä¡v CjvSapÅXv sN¿m³ ChÀ¡v ss[cyw \ðIpóXv \oXntbbpw \nbat¯bpw t]Snbnñm¯Xp am{Xañ X§Ä ]nSn¡s¸Snsñó t_m²yapÅXpsImïpamWv. Cu IpähmfnIfpsS dntam«v I¬t{SmÄ ChcpsS ssI IfnemsWóv. cmjv-{Sob¯nepw kn\na taJebn epw C¯c¯nð dntam-«v I¬t{Smfpambn \S¡p-óhcpïv. Ahsc \nba¯n\p apónð sImïphcm³ IgnbWw. Hcp kp\nt]mbmð ]¯p kp\namsc AhÀ¡v krjvSn¡m³ Ignbpw. Fómð Hcp {]apJ³ AI ¯mbmð aäp {]apJÀ Xms\ ]¯n aS¡pw. {]apJÀ Fó t]cnemWtñm Chscñmw Adnbs¸SpóXv. Bcmbmepw GXv tIÊmbmepw AXnð Hcp Ipähmfn am{Xañ Hcp {]apJ³ Iq-Sn DÄs¸«ncn¡pw. Ipähmfnsb AdÌp sN¿pt¼mÄ {]apJ³ c£s¸Spw. AbmÄ asämcmsf XsâZuXyw Gð ¸n¡pw AXmWv tI-cf¯nent¸mÄ \S¡póXv. AXpïmIcpXv. {]apJt\bpw AI¯m¡pIXsóthWw.

XangIns A{]Jym]nX ssZhambn hmWcpfnb PbefnXbpsS ASpm

A[nImc¯n\pthïnbpÅ AI¯f¯nse AShpw AgnaXnbpw AÇoehpw Xangv\mSv cmjv{Sobs¯ Agp ¡pNment\¡mÄ aeoakam¡nsbóp ]dbmw. Xangv cmjv{Sobt¯bpw Xangv P\{]Xn\n[nItfbpw t\Xm¡tfbpw Xsâ DÅw I¿nen«v A½m\amSnbncpó XangI¯nsâ A{]Jym]nX ssZhambn hmWcpfnbncp ó PbefnXbpsS ASp¸¡mcmWv Ct¸mÄ A[nImc ¯n\pthïn ASÀ¡f¯nð AScmSns¡mïncn¡póXv. HcmÄ a\km£n kq£n¸pImcnbpw asämcmÄ a{´nk`m kq£n¸pImc\pambncpóp. PbefnXbpsS acWw ØncoIcn¨t¸mÄ Xsósbñmhcpw IcpXnbXmWv A[nImc¯n\pthïn ChÀ X½nð Hcp aÕcapïmIpsaóv. AXv Hcp bp²amIpsaóv Bcpw IcpXnbnñ. AXv Xangv cmjv{Sobs¯ aeoakam¡psaópw IcpXnbnñ. A{XIïv AXv XcwXmWpt]mbnsbóp ]dbmw. A[nImcw ssI¡em¡m³ thïn Fñm cmjv{Sob acymZItfbpw ewLn¨v P\m[n]Xyaqey§sf Xnckv¡cn¨v `cWLS\sb A«nadn¨psImïv iinIe Fó A[nImctamln \S¯nb `cW A«nadn \mSIw P\m[n]XycmPyamb C´ybv¡p Xsó If¦w NmÀ¯nsbóp ]dbmw. AI¯f¯nencpóv A[nImcw \nb{´n¨ Al¦mct¯msS Xangv cmjv{Sobhpw Xangv\mSv kwØm\¯nsâ `cWN{Ihpw ssI¡em¡m³ XncsªSp¡ s¸« \nbak`mwK§sft¸mepw X«ns¡mïpt]mbn XS¦en\pXpeyambn ]mÀ¸n¨ {]hÀ¯n `mcX¯nsâ `cWLS\sbt¸mepw shñphnfn¨Xn\p XpeyamsWóp Xsó ]dbmw. `qcn]£w t\Sn A[nImc¯ntedm³ P\{]Xn \n[nIsf Nm¡n«p ]nSn¡póXv C´ybnð ]pXpabpÅ Imcyañ. D¯tc´ybnð ambmhXnbpw apembhpw _nlmdnð emep{]kmZv bmZhpw XpS§n ]ecpw AXn\v DZmlcW§fmWv. F´n\v F¬]Xnð tIcf tIm¬{KÊns\ ]nfÀ¯n tem\¸³ \¼mSs\ IqsS tNÀ¯v `cW A«nadn \S¯nbXv Ncn{Xambn tIcf¡cbnð Dïv. tI{µa{´n k`IÄ hsc DóX ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡Ä tNÀóv C§s\ A«nadn¨n«pïv. Fómð AXnsems¡ ]Ww am{Xambncpóp hnñ³. iinIe A¡mcy¯nð Hcp]Sn aptóm«pt]m bnsbópthWw ]dbm³. A[nImcw Ac¡n«pd¸n¡m³ \nbak`mwK§sf X«n s¡mïpt]mbn BÀ`mS]qÀÆw XS¦enð ]mÀ¸n¨psbóp am{Xañ AhnsS aZyhpw aZncm£nbpw hsc btYjvSw \ðIn iinIe a äpÅhtc¡mÄ Hcp]Sn aptóm«pt]mbn. CXn\p ap³]v A[nImc A«nadn \S¯nbhcpw IpXnc¡¨hSw \S¯nbhcpw P\{]Xn\n[nIsf Nm¡n«p ]nSn¨Xv ]Ww sImSp¯mbncpópsh¦nð iinIe Xangvcmjv{So b¯nð aZyt¯bpw aZncm£ntbbpw Cd¡n ]pXnb X{´w ImWn¨psImSp¯p. CXnð GsX¦nepsamónð BIÀjn¡m¯hcnsñó kXyw Xangv cmjv{Sob¯nð¡qSn ImWn¨psImSp¯ iinIe¡v F´v \mat[bamWv \ðtIïsXóv Nn´n¡Ww. cmjv{Sob AShpIÄ ]bän A[nImcw ]nSns¨Sp¡póhsc cmjv{Sob NmWIys\óp hnfn¡pw. A[nImcw Ip«n¡pcòmsc s¡mïv ssI¿n«p hmcn¸n ¡póhsc cmjv{Sob `ojv amNmcyòmÀ Fóphnfn ¡pw. Xsâ apJya{´n Itkc Dd¸n¡m\mbn aZyhpw aZncminbpw \ðInb iin Iebv¡mbn cmjv{Sob ]pkvXI¯nð Hcp ]pXnb t]cntSWw. tXmgnbmbpw kJnbmbpw Xangvcmjv{So b¯nð ISóp IqSnb iin Ie¡v Hcp t]cp IqSnbn«mð AXhÀs¡mce¦mcamhpw. A[nImcw ]nSn¨S ¡m³thïn iinIe \S ¯nb hnhn[ aÕc]²Xn Ifnð Ahsc Ipäs¸Sp ¯póhcmWv P\m[n]Xyw Im¯p]cn]men¡s¸SpóhÀ. iinIe Cu Imcy§sfm s¡ ]Tn¨Xv Bcnð \nóv. AhcpsS A¡bmb Pbe fnXbnð \nóv. Fw.Pn.BÀ. acn¨ Aóp Xsó A®m Un.Fw.sI.bptSbpw Xangv \mSnsâbpw t\XrXzw G säSp¡m³ AhÀ {ian¨Xv Xangv kn\nasb shñpó coXnbnembncpóp. \nba]c ambn hnhmlw Ign¨ `mcy `À¯mhnsâ arXicoc¯n \Sp¯ncn¡pt¼mÄ Ahtc ¡mÄ A[nImcapsïó co Xnbnð Fw.Pn.Bdnsâ ar Xicoc¯n\Sps¯¯nb PbefnX At±l¯nsâ XesbSp¯v Xsâ aSnbn te¡v hbv¡pIbpïmbn. AXv arXicochpambn t]m b hml\¯nepw h¨v {ian ¡pIbpïmbn. Fw.Pn.Bdnsâ `m cy Pm\In cmaN{µs\ ap Jya{´nbm¡nbt¸mÄ Ah sc ]pI¨p ]pd¯pNmSn¡m ³ PbefnX \S¯nb \m SI§Ä XsóbmWv iin Ie ]\oÀsiðhs¯ ]p I¨p ]pd¯pNmSn¡m\pw \S¯nbpÅp. AXv Aev]w IqSn AXnÀhc¼pIÄ¡¸p dw ISópsbóp ]dbmw. P befnXsb Iïp]Tn¨ i inIe Ipd¨pIqSn Dcp¡pap jvSnbp ap]tbmKn¨psbóp am{Xw. B Dcp¡papjvSn kwØm\w `cn¡pó apJy a{´nsbt¸mepw `bs¸Sp ¯nsbóXmWv Gsd ck Icw. apJya{´n Øm\w cm Pnh¨psImïpÅ I¯v K hÀ®À¡v \ðInbXv Xsó `ojWns¸Sp¯nbXpsImïm sWóv ]\oÀsiðhw shfn s¸Sp¯nbXv AXn\p¯ tamZmlcWamWv. kwØm \w `cn¡pó apJya{´nsb t¸mepw `bs¸Sp¯m³ X ¡ Icp¯bmbn iinIe hfÀsó¦nð AXn\p¯c hmZnIÄ ]ecmWv. Pbefn X `cn¡pt¼mÄ tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm³ Ignbm¯{X iàbmbncpóp iinIe AXv Ahsc P\w _lpam \n¨XpsImïñ adn¨v `b s¸«XpsImïmbncpóp. Bsc¦nepw Ahsc tNm Zyw sNbvXmð AhÀs¡ ´p kw`hn¡psaóv Kw ssK Aac³ XpS§nbhcp sS A\p`hamWv Nqïn¡m Wn¡póXv. iinIesbó Imkäp hnev]\¡mcnbnð \nóv Xangv\mSns\ \nb{´n ¡pó IncoSw shbv¡m¯ cmÚnbmbn Nnó½bmbn hfÀsó¦nð AXn\v shÅ hpw hfhpan«psImSp¯Xv AhcpsS ap³Kman Xsó. At¸mÄ Ahcpw AXnð  Hcp ]¦v hln¡pópsbóm Wv hnaÀiIcpsS ]£w. AgnaXnbpw A\ [nIrX kz¯p k¼mZ\hp ambn Xangv\mSv AS¡nhm W Ahsc Xfbv¡m³ \n ba¯nt\m \nba]meIÀ t¡m Ignªnñ. AhcpsS Hcp sNdphncens\ sXmSm ³t]mepw Cu ASp¯Im ew hsc ChÀ¡mÀ¡pw I gnªn«nñmsbómWv ]db s¸SpóXv. At¸mÄ AhÀ ¡pw CXnð D¯chmZnXzan sñ. Xangv\mSnsâ apJy a{´n ]Z¯nsâ ]SnhmXn ð¡ð hsc F¯m³ Ign sª¦nð AXn\p D¯c hmZnIÄ P\w XncsªSp ¯phn« AhcpsS {]Xn\n [nIÄ FóXn\v kwiban ñ. A[nImc¯ntem cmjv {Sob¯ntem Cóse hsc ImepIp¯nbn«nñm¯ Ah sc Hcp kp{]`mX¯nð ]m À«nbpsS t\XrXz¯nte¡v Ahtcm[n¡pIbpw apJya {´n¡tkcbnte¡v B\ bn¡pIbpw sNbvXXn\v D ¯chmZnIÄ Cu P\{]Xn \n[nIfsñ. AhcpsS ap ónð sXmgpssIItfmsS ASnaIsft¸mse \nð ¡pIbpw cmPy`cWIme ¯pt]mepanñm¯ kmjv SmwK{]Wmahpsams¡ sN ¿pó Cu P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ \mSn\p Xsó \mWt¡mSm sWóp Xsó ]dbmw.   dn tam«v I¬t{Smfnt\¡mÄ IjvSamb Cu P\{]Xn\n [nIÄ iinIesbó B [p\nI cmjv{Sob t]¡q ¯pIsf s]m¡nsImïp \S¡póXnt\¡mÄ henb P\m[n]Xy[zwk\w asäm ónñmsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. AXpw P\m[n]XycmPysa óv DuäwsImÅpó C´y bnse Hcp kwØm\¯v. A§s\ PbefnXbnð¡q Sn hfÀóv DtZymKØcmjv {Sob t\XrXz\ncsb Nhn «p]SnbmbnsImïv Dbc§ fnse¯n P\{]Xn\n[nIfm bn P\w XncsªSp¯phn« hsc Ccn¸nSam¡n Bfpw AÀ°hpamb iinIe am dnsb¦nð AXn\p¯chmZn IÄ Bscóv Nn´n¡pI. Xsâ _et¯¡mÄ Pbe fnXbpsS _elo\Xsb apXem¡nb X{´imenbm b iinIesb Xmð¡men Iambn am{Xsa AIän \nÀ ¯m³ Ignbq. AhÀ ]qÀÆm[nIw iàntbmsS Xncns¨¯pw. kp{]owtImSXn hn[n¨Xp sImïv A¸oen\v km²yX bpÅXv ASªXpsIm ïpw AhÀ¡v Pbnð in£ A\p`hnt¡ïnhcpw. AXp ImcWw apJya{´n Itkc Ipd¨p\mft¯¡v AIón cn¡pw. Fómð AhÀ¡v B Øm\s¯¯m³ \nb aw A\pimkn¡pó Ipsd hÀj§Ä aXnbmIpw. A XpIgnªmð AhÀ Xangv \mSnsâ apJya{´nbpw X angv P\XbpsS A\ntj[y t\Xmhpambn amdpw. Pbe fnXtbbpw emep {]kmZn t\bpw ambmhXntbbpw t]mse AhÀ A[nImc ¯nte¡v hcpw. AXmWv \ ½psS \nbahyhØbpsS kwhn[m\w. AXmWv \½p sS \mSnsâ im]hpw. GXv amÀ¤¯nð ¡qSnbpw P\]n´pWbp ïmbmð AhÀ F{X in £hm§nbmepw AgnaXn \ S¯nbmepw A[nImc¯nð Ibdmw. F´mbmepw iin Ie Pbnðin£bpw hne ¡psams¡ Ignªv Hcp\m Ä Xangv\mSnsâ `cWw Xn cn¡pw. AhcpsS {]nbs¸« ]g\nkzman apJya{´nbmb Xv AXn\mbn«mWv Fóv Xsó IcpXmw. AhÀ A[n Imc¯nse¯nbmð i{Xp kwlmchpw kzP\]£]m Zhpw A\[nIrX kz¯pk ¼mZ\hpw P\m[n]Xy [zw k\hpw GIm[n]Xy`cW hpambn Ac§v XIÀ¡pw. AhÀ asämchXmcambn hm gpw. ssZhambn P\w Ah sc ]qPn¡pw. AXmWv \m Snsâ im]w. 

{]nkn evan \m-bcpw tIcf tem AmZan kachpw

tem A¡mZan kacw A§s\ Hcphn[w Ahkm\n¨psbóp thWw ]dbm³. kac¯nð Bcv hnPbn¨psbóp ]dªmð CcpIq«cpw X§fmsWóv AhImis¸Spw. Bcpw BÀ¡pw apónð ap«p Ip¯msX ]nSnhminbnepw apdnhminbnepw Ignª cïcbmgvN¡mew kacw \S¯n hcnIbmbncpóp. A{]Xo £nXambn kacw {]Jym]n¨psImïv A¡mZan hnZym À°nIÄ cwK¯p hót¸mÄ AXv tIcfs¯ C{Xtað Cf¡nadn¡psaóv IcpXnbnñ. Nmbt¡m¸bnse sImSpw¦msäót]mse CXns\ amt\Pvsaâv \nÊmcambn XÅn¡f ªt¸mÄ AXv C{Xtað Icp¯mIm³ ImcWw cmjv{Sob hnZymÀ°n kwLS\IÄ AtXsäSp¯XmWv. A¡mZan {]n³kn¸mÄ e£van \mbÀ cmPnhbv ¡WsaóXmbncpóp hnZymÀ°nIfpsS Bhiyw. {]n³kn¸mfnsâ tkzÑm[n]Xy {]hÀ¯\ambncpóp AhÀ cmPnhbv¡m³ hnZymÀ°nIÄ Bhiys¸Sm³ ImcWw. Hcp {]n³kn¸mfnsâ \nebv¡pw hnebv¡pambncpónñ AhcpsS {]hÀ¯\w FóXmbncpóp AhÀs¡Xnsc kacw \bn¨ hnZymÀ°nIfpsS Btcm]Ww. tIhesamcp Btcm]Wambncptóm tem A¡mZanbv¡pw e£van \mbÀ¡p saXnsc Dóbn¨Xv. A¡mZantbbpw e£van \mbtcbpw tXtPmh[w sN¿m³ thïnbmbncptóm Cu Btcm]W¯nsâ e£yw. A§s\sb¦nð AhÀs¡Xnsc sXfnhv sI«n¨a¨Xmbncptóm. C§s\ \nch[n tNmZy§Ä¡v D¯cw Isï¯m\mImsXbmWv tem A¡mZan kacw Ahkm\n¨Xv. C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯nse s]mfnän¡ð et_md«dnsbódnbs¸Spó tIcf¯nse cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmcnð {]KÛcmb ]e t\Xm¡òmcpw cmjv{Sob¯nsâ BZy]mT§Ä ]Tn¨Xv A ¡mZan Fó \nba Iemebamb tem A¡mZanbnð \nópambncpóp. \nbat¯¡mÄ cmjv{Sobw ]Tn¡m\mbncpóp AhnsSsb¯nb ]eÀ¡pw Xmev]cyw. Ahscms¡ AhnsSsb¯nbXv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpsS ip]mÀitbmsSbmbncpóp FóXmWv AXn\p ImcWw. `mhn Fw.Fð. F.bpw Fw.]n.bpw a{´nbp saómbncpóp AhnsSsb¯póhsc ¡pdn¨v ]dªn cpóXv. cmjv{Sob¯nse NmWIykq{Xhpw X{´hpw IpX{´hpw ]Tn¡m³thïn cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIÄ X§fpsS bphcà§sf A¡mZanbnte¡v Ab¨ncpó Hcp Imeapïmbncpóp. Fñm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfnðs¸«hcpw A¡mZanbnð Dïmbncpóp. AXpsImïmWv tem A¡mZansb tIcf¯nsâ cmjv{Sob Ifcnsbóp hntijn¸n¡póXv. AXv tem A¡mZansb aäv Iemeb§fnð \nóv thÀXncn¨v Hcp {]tXyI am\w Xsó \ðInbncpóp. AXn\mð Xsó A¡mZan t]cpw {]ikvXnbpw t\SpIbpapïmbn. Fómð AXn\p tIm«w X«póXmWv A¡mZanbv¡pw AXnsâ {]³kn¸mfmbncpó e£van \m bÀ¡psaXnsc Dóbn¡s¸«n«pÅ Btcm]Ww. e£van\mbcpsS \nba _ncpZw ]pdwhmXneneqsS t\SnbsXómbncpóp Btcm]Ww. asämóv A¡mZan¡v AwKoImcansñóXmbncpóp. aqómaXmbn A¡mZan kÀ¡mÀ `qan ssIt¿dnsbóXmWv. Cu Btcm]Wsams¡ sXfnhp klnXamWv Dóbn¨ncn¡pó sXómWv am[ya§Ä ImWn¡póXv. C{Xbpw KpcpXcamb Btcm]W§fpambn Nne Nm\epIÄ cwK¯p hcnIbpïmsb¦nepw AXns\¡pdn¨v hyàamb adp]Sn ]dbm³ _m ²yØcmb kÀÆIemimebpw kÀ¡mcpw bmsXmópw ]dbmsX Dcpïp Ifn¡póp sbómWv ]cs¡bpÅ hnaÀi\w. A¡mZanbpsS adhnð Bsc¦nepw A\mhiy CS s]SepItfm A\[nIrX kz¯v k¼mZ\tam \S¯nbn«psï¦nð Ahsc \nba¯n \p apónð sImïphcm³ kÀ¡mcn\p IgnbWw. kz´satóm _Ôsatóm DÅ hyXymkw IqSmsX. e£van\mbcpsS _ncpZs¯ kw_Ôn¨pÅXpw A¡mZanbpsS AwKoImcw kw_Ôn¨pÅXpamb kwibw XoÀt¡ï NpaXe kÀÆIemimebv¡mWv. am [ya§fnð¡qSn Cu cïv hnjb§fpw s]mXpP\§Ä AdnªtXmsS AXnð kwibw am{Xañ ZpcqlXbpw \ne\nð¡pópïv. kwib \nhmcWw amdmsX ZpcqlXbpambn Hcp Iemebw {]hÀ¯n¡pt¼mÄ AXv B Iemeb¯nsâ t]cn\v If¦w NmÀ¯pI am{Xañ `mhn Xsó XIÀ¡psaóv D¯chmZnXzs¸«hÀ Adnªncn¡póXv \ñXmWv. A¡mZantb bpw AXnsâ {]n³kn¸mfmb e£van \mbtcbpw tXtPmh[w sN¿m\pw XIÀ¡m\pw thïn Bsc¦nepw sI«n¨a¨ shdpw IYbmtWm e£van\mbcpsS _ncpZhpw A¡m ZanbpsS AwKoImcs¯¡p dn¨pÅ Btcm]Whpw. A§s\ Bsc¦nepw Dóbn¨n «psï¦nð AhcpsS Dt±iw F´v. AhÀ F´n\pthïn A¯cw IYIÄ sI«n¨a¨p. CXns\ms¡ D¯cw Isï t¯ï NpaXe kÀÆIem imebv¡mWv. H¸w t{]mNm ³kneÀ IqSnbmb hnZym`ym ka´n¡mWv. Dulmt]ml §fnð¡qSn AXnsâ kXym hØ Isï¯m³ Ignbnñ. AXn\v ka{Kamb At\zj Ww Xsó thWsaómWv s]mXphnepÅ A`n{]mbw. AXn\v kÀ¡mÀ X¿mdmIptam. hnZym`ymk a{´n AXn ð hyàamb adp]Sn ]dbm¯ kmlNcy¯nð kÀ¡mÀ au\ahew_n¡pópsbóp thWw IcpXm³. AXnð \S]SnsbSp¯nsñ¦nð AXv kÀ¡mcnt\bpw kÀÆIemimetbbpw {]XnIq«nem¡pIbpw sN¿psaóXn\v kwibanñ. Hcp \njv]£ ka{K At\z jW¯nð¡qSn CXnsâ kXymhØ Isï¯m³ Ignbpw. Bcv icn Bcv sXäv FóXv s]mXpP\¯n\v Adnbm³ Ignbpw. Btcm]W¯nð Ig¼psïóv At\zjW ¯nð¡qSn Isï¯nbmð AXnð D¯chmZnIfmbhsc \nba¯n\p apónð sImïp hcm³ Ignbpw. At\zjW¯nð¡qSn Btcm]Ww sI«n¨a¨XmsWóv Iïmð AXv Dóbn¨hÀs¡Xnscbpw \S]SnsbSp¡m³ Ignbpw. CXv cïnepw Hcp ka{K At\zjWw \S¯nbmð \S]Sn sbSp¡m³ kÀ¡mcnt\m kÀÆIemimet¡m Ignbq. tem A¡mZan kacw C{Xtbsd k¦À®amt¡ïnbncptóm. cïc BgvNtbmfw kacw \oïpt]mbXv kac¡mtcmSpÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ XWp¸³ kao]\w XsósbóXnð bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. XpS¡¯nð kacw \bn¨Xv tImtfPnse hnZymÀ°nIÄ am{Xambncpóp. ]nóoSmWv AhÀ¡v sFIyZmÀVyw {]Jym]n¨psImïv hnhn[ hnZymÀ°n kwLS\Ifpw t\Xm¡òmcpw cwK¯phóXv. kac¯nsâ XpS¡¯nð Xsó kÀ¡mÀ CS s]«ncpsó¦nð C{Xtbsd IepjnXamIpambncpónñ. P\Iob kac§Ä \bn¨ Ncn{XapÅ P\Iob kÀ¡mscóv AhImis¸Spó CSXp kÀ¡mÀ hnZymÀ°nItfmSv Xpdsómcp NÀ¨ t]mepw \S¯m³ XpS¡¯nð X¿mdmImsX t]mbXn\v F´v \ymboIcWw ]dªmepw aXnbmInñ. Bhiy¯n\pw A\mhiy¯n\pw hnZymÀ°n kac§Ä {]Jym]n¨p sImïv hnZymÀ°n {]Øm\§fpsS At¸mkvtXme\m Im³ {ian¡mdpÅ Hcp hnZymÀ°n kwLS\ DÄs¸Spó ]mÀ«nbmb kn.]n.Fw. t\XrXzw \ðIpó ]nWdmbn hnPb³ kÀ¡mÀ kac¡msc Iïnsñóp \Sn¨XmWv kacw C{Xtbsd hjfmIm³ ImcWw. ]nSn¨ apben\p Xm³ ]dbpó{X sIm¼psïóv hmin]nSn¡pó AXpXsó aäpÅhcpw ]dbWsaóv imTyw ]nSn¡póXv apJya{´nbmb ]nWdmbn hnPbsâ ZmÀjvTyat\m`mhamtWm. P\Iob\mbn BZcn¡s¸SpIbpw AwKoIc¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿pó hnZym`ymk a{´n cho{µ³ amjv hnZymÀ°nIfpambn NÀ¨IÄ \S¯m³ sshInbsX´v. KthjW _ncpZ¯n\ptað kwibapbÀóXns\ XpSÀóv tIcf bqWnthgvknän kÀÆIemime sshkv Nm³kneÀ cmPnhbv ¡Wsaóv Bhiys¸«psImïv CSXp]£hpw AhcpsS hnZymÀ°n kwLS\Ifpw IcpWmIcsâ 92þse kÀ¡mÀ Ime¯v kacw\bn¨ ]mc¼cyapÅhÀ Cu kacw Iïnsñóp \Sn¡cpXmbncpóp. tIcf¡csb Cf¡nadn¨ tIcf bqWnthgvknän sshkv Nm³knedmbncpóp sP. hn. hnf\neb¯nsâ cmPn Bhiys¸«psImïv Fkv. F^v.sF. DÄs¸sSbpÅ CSXp]£ hnZymÀ°n kwLS\Ifpw AhcpsS ]mÀ«nIfpw \bn¨ kacw tIcf¡c adóncn¡nñ. Aóv `cn¨ IcpWmIc³ kÀ¡mÀ kac¡mcpambn NÀ¨bv¡v X¿mdmIm¯Xnð {]Xntj[n¨v {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmbncpó C.sI. \mb\mÀ \ncmlmckacw t]mepw {]Jym]n¡pIbpïmbn. Hcp DZmlcWw ChnsS Im«nsbtóbpÅp. hnf\ne¯ns\Xnsc Dóbn¡s¸«n«pÅ Btcm]Ww ASnØm\ clnXamsWóv Isï¯pIbpw At±lw B Øm\¯p XpScpIbpw sNbvXp. P\Iob kac§fpsS t\sc I®Sbv¡pItbm AXv Iïnsñóv \Sn¡pItbm sN¿póXv P\Iob kÀ¡mcn\p \ñXñ. AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡m³ thïnbmWtñm kac§Ä \bn¡póXv. Asñ¦nð Bhiy§Ä A[nImcnIsf Adnbn¡m³ thïnbpw. AXmWv P\ Iob hnZymÀ°n kac§Ä sImïv Dt±in¡póXv. Ahbv¡pt\sc A\p`mh]qÀ®amb kao]\w \S¯m¯ kÀ¡mcns\ P\Iob kÀ¡mscóv F§s\ hnfn¡pw.

hn-izm-kn-I k-`-I-fn \n-v A-I-ep-p-thm? ^m tPm-k ]p--tm-W-n-s A-t\zm-j-Ww F-m hn-izm-kn-I-fpw hm-bn-t--Xv

B[p\nI ss{IkvXh kaqlw km¼¯nI- kmaqlnI Bßob {]XnkÔnIfneqsSbmWv ISópt]mIpóXv. bYmÀY {]iv\§Ä Xncn¨dnªp ]cnlmcw Isï¯phm³ \mw {ian¡msX "Ccp«v sImïv Hm« AS¡pó" kao]\w kzoIcn¡póXv imizX ]cnlmcamInðñ. hnizmknIÄ k`IÄ hnSpsó¦nð AXnsâ bYmÀY ImcW§Ä Isï¯Ww. \ãvSs¸« BSpIsf Isï¯phm\pw XncnsI sImïphcphm\papf ITn\amb Hcp ]cn{iaw k`Ifpw, CShIIfpw, CSbòmcpw \St¯ïnbncn¡póp. kzbw Xncp¯en\p thïnbpÅ Hct\zjWamWv CXv. Xncp¯en\pw ]p\À {IaoIcW§Ä¡pw C\nbpw Ahkc§Ä Dïv. 2018 apXð 2020 hscbpÅ hÀj§Ä asäñm APïIfpw amänh¨v "]p\tcIoIcWhÀjambn" sImïmSmw. Cu hnjbw ]T\ hnt[bam¡nbt¸mÄ Rm³ Isï¯nb NnebmYmÀYy§Ä IqSpXð ]T\¯n\mbn Ipdn¡póp. • CSbòmÀ km[mcW¡mÀ¡pw, ]mhs¸«hcv¡pw kao]n¡m³ km[n¡m¯ kmlNcyw • BÀ`mS PohnXw ssienbm¡pó t\XrXzw • kaql¯nse Gähpw Xmsg X«nepÅhcpsS Bhiy§tfmSv CSbòmcpsS {]XnIcW§Ä. • hnizmknItfmSpÅ [mcvãyt¯msSbpÅ s]cpamä§Ä • kzm`mhnI \ntj[n¡s¸Spó kmlNcy§Ä • hÀ²n¨p hcpó {]Wb hnhml§Ä • Øm]\hev¡cn¡s¸Spó B²ymßnIX • It¼mfhev¡cn¡s¸Spó BtLmj§fpw, BNmc§fpw, A\pjvTm\§fpw. • aX, PmXnt`Zysat\y Hcp amÕcy¡fcnbmhpó BtLmj§Ä • DÅh\pw Cñm¯h\pw X½nepÅ A´cw • IpSpw_ {]iv\§fpw ISs¡SpXnIfpw aqeapÅ A]am\`b¯mð tZhmebw Dt]£nt¡ïnhóhÀ • Bhiyt¯¡mfpw, kuIcy§sf¡mfpw A[nIambn BIcvjW¯n\pw BUw_c¯n\pw Bcv`mS¯n\pw ap´q¡w sImSp¡pó CShIIÄ • k`bpsS Øm]\§fnð ]eXpw hyànIfpsS t]cpw s]cpabpw \ne\ncv¯póXn\pÄfD ]m[nIfmbn amdpóXpw AhX½nev A\mtcmKyIcamb aÕc§fpw \S¡póXpw • tZhmeb \ncv½mW¯nð ]Ws¡mgp¸nsâ kzm[o\w. *{]uVn¡pw BIÀjIXz¯n\pw ]Ws¡mgp¸n\pw {]m[m\yw \ðIn sImïpÅ tZhmeb ]p\À\ncv½mW§Ä: tIhew ]ncnhpIÄ \ðIm³ am{Xambn hn[n¡s¸« hnizmknIÄ. ]Ånbpw ]ÅntaSIfpw s]mfn¡pIbpw ]pXp¡n ]WnbpIbpw, aXnepIÄ, IpcniSnIÄ, kzÀW sImSnac§Ä, shSns¡«pIÄ, Xncptijn¸v I¨hSw. tZhmebw Ae¦cn¡m\v e£§Ä sNehnSpt¼mfv AX vtZhmeb ssNX\y¯n\v NmcpX]Icpónñ FóXpHmcv¡Ww. Hmtcm A\mhiyhpw Bhiyam¡n amäpt¼mfv PohnX¯nsâ ]pdt¼m¡nev At\IÀPohn¡póp FóXpw \mw adópt]mhpóp. • km¼¯nI kar²nk`bpsSbpw {InkvXob IpSpw_¯nsâbpw BXy´nI e£yamb amdn Nne BtLmj§Ä IpSpw_§fpsSbpw AhcpsS _Ôp¡fpsSbpw k¼¯pw Ipealnabpw hnfw_cw sN¿m\pÅ thZnIfmbnamdpóp. • aZy]m\¯nsâbpw A\mhiyamb sshtZinI kwkvImc§fpsSbpw cwKthZnIfm¡nbXp aqew a\w aSp¯pamdn \nð¡póhÀ • CShIIfnse A\mhiyamb 't^mcvamenän'IÄ aqew k`hntSïn hóhÀ •hnZym`ymk I¨hShpw BXpctkh\hnXcWhpw sam¯hym]mcambn hnet]ipóIt¼mf kwkvImcw km[mcW hnizmknIsf ]p¯³ k`Ifnte¡p tNt¡dphm³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIpóp. sbcpitew tZhmeb¯nð sN§men hnev]\¡msc Nm«hmÀ sImïSn¨p ]pd¯m¡nb IÀ¯mhv hoïpw hcphm³ Xmakn¡póXv `mKytam \nÀ`mKytam Fódnbnñ. BIÀjn¡s¸Spó IcnkvamänIv {]Øm\§Ä Bßob ab¡¯nemïhsc IqSpXð ab¡¯nte¡v XÅnhn«p NqjWw sNbvXv tImSoizcmIpó kwLSnX kaql¯nse ]pWymfòmÀZn\w {]Xns]m«napf¡póp. tcmKim´n Fóv tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ Xsó AÛpX¯n\mbn ]c¡w ]mbpó km[mcW¡mÀ. {]kwK¯n\nSbnð Dt¯P\¯n\mbn lmteep¿mbpw B½o\pw kzceb kwKoX¯nsâ tas¼mSntbmsS ImXS¡pó iЯnð ImXpIfnð CSn¨nd§pt¼mÄ tXmópó A\p`qXn Bßm`ntjIambn Nn{XoIcn¡s¸Spóp. k¼¯pw kar²nbpw Dïm¡phm³ thïn Hópanñm¯h\mbn Cu temI¯nð P\n¨p-Pohn¨p. Imðhdnbnð ]cabmKambn kzbw kaÀ¸n¨ tbip {Inkv¯phnsâ t]cnemWv CsXñmw FtómÀt¡Ww. sshhn[y§fnte¡p BIÀjn¡s¸Spó ]pXp]p¯³ IcnkvamänIv Bcm[\mssienIÄ, k`bpsS AwKoImcanñm¯ tbmK§Ä, {]mÀ°\mIq«mbvaIÄ, skÎpIfv Fónhbnev \nóv AIóncn¡pI Cóv km²yañm¯ A\p`h§fmbnamdpóp. {]hmk kaql¯nse `qcn`mKhpw bphP\§fpw bphIpSpw_§fpamWv. B[p\nI Bib hn\nab kwhn[m\§fv, PohnXssienIfv, BtLmj§fv apXembh Chsc {ZpXKXnbnð kzm[o\n¡póp. \Kc§fnð Hcp AÚmX¯zw \ne\nev¡póXn\mð k`bv¡v AXmXpØe§fnse {]hmknIsf At\zjn¡phmt\m, Xncn¨dnbphmt\m Bhiyamb Imcy£aamb kwhn[m\§tfm, Bibkw thZ\amcv¤§tfm k`IÄ¡nñ. Chm³Pen¡ð k`Ifnte¡pw s]´t¡mkvÕ`Ifnte¡pw DÅHgp¡zÀ²n¡póp. kmaql¯nse am\yX ¡ptIm«w hcmsXbpw A`nam\w ssIhnSmsXbpw Pohn¡phm³ thïn X§fpsS aX]camb NS§pIÄ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡phm³ thïn k`Ifnð IqSn \S¡qóhcpw Dïv [mcmfw, hnZymk¼ócpw kzm[o\ iànbpÅhcpamb BfpIfmWv C¡q«¯ne[nIhpw. IcnkvamänIv [ym\§fneqsS hyànIÄ¡znizmk¯nsâ DWÀhpw XojvWXbpw ]et¸mgpw AhcpsS CShI hnImcnamÀ¡v DÄs¡mÅm³ Ignªncpónñ. \½psS k`Ifnð\nópw thÀ]ncnªp t]mbhsc tami¡mcpw hgnsXänbhcpambn ImWpó at\m`mhw icnbñ. ]et¸mgpw AhÀ Iq«w sXänbXnsâ D¯chmZnXzw \ap¡mWv, k`bv¡mWv. kvt\l¯nsâbpw Iq«mbvabpsSbpw Ic§Ä \o«m³ \mw Iq«m¡m¯Xnsâ t]cnð In«nb Iq«mbvabnð ]¦ptNÀóhscbpw Bßmhnsâ ]pXnb {]hÀ¯\§sf Xpdó a\tÊmsS kzoIcn¡m\pw {]mÀ°\m ]qÀhw \bn¡m\pw Ignbm¯Xnsâ t]cnð KXn amdnt¸mb PohnX§sfbpw \mw IcpWtbmSpw BZcthmSpw IqSn¯só ImWWw. \ãs¸« \mWbs¯ IïpIn«pthmfw At\zjn¡pó Hcpa\Êpw ImWmsX t]mb BSns\ tXSn \S¡pó Hcp CSb lrZbhpw [qÀ¯ ]p{X\p thïn I®nse®sbmgn¨v Im¯ncn¡pó ]nXrlrZbhpw k`¡pïmIWw. Aev]t\c {InkvXym\nIfpsS F®whÀ²n¨Xv "Aev]t\c {InkvXym\n"IfpsS F®w k`Ifnð IqSnhcpóp. tZhmeb¯n\I¯p hcpt¼mÄ hnizmknbpsS apJw aqSnbWnbpIbpw AXn\p ]pd¯p GXp amÀ¤¯neqsSbpw AXymUw_cambn Pohn¡pIbpw sN¿pI FóXv Hcpssienbmbnamdpóp. Xónð AÀ¸nXamb Icv¯hy§Ä A\pjvTn¡pIbpw Acv°h¯mbn, amXrIbmbn Pohn¡pIbpw sN¿póhcpsS F®w Ipdbpóp. PohnXw sImïv kwkmcn¡póhcpsS F®w IpdbpIbpw \mhpsImïp kwkmcn¡pó t\Xm¡fpsS F®w hÀ²n¡pIbpw sNbvXXznizmknIfpsS k`ItfmSpÅ AIð¨¡pImcWamIpópïv. hnizkvXXbpw BßmÀYXbpw IpdªphcpóXpw, BßobX A`n\bn¡póhcpsS F®w IqSpóXpw hnizmknIsf k`bnð \nóIäpóp. emfnXyw ss{IkvXh k`Ifnð Ipdbpóp "PohnX¯nse emfnXyw" ss{IkvXh k`Ifnð Ipdbpóp FóXmWv D¯cm[p\nIXbpsS {]tXyIX. AXymhiy¯n\pt]mepw e`n¡msX hcpt¼mgpw "aXn" Fóp]dbm\pÅ BÀPhXzamWv Bßob iànbpsS emfnXyw. \{kmb\mb tbip {InkvXphnsâbpw injycpsSbpw amXrI A\pIcn¨v efnX PohnX ssienbntebv¡v amXrIbmtIïhÀamdWw. at\m`mh¯nepw {]hcv¯\ ssienIfnepw, IqSpXñmfnXyw ]peÀ¯Ww. kar²nbpsS kwkv¡mc¯nevPohn¡pó B[p\nI kaql¯nð, tbip{InkvXphnsâ PohnX¯nse emfnXysaó \òIm«nsImSp¡phm³ Akmam\yamb BßmÀ°Xbpw [ocXbpw t\Xm¡Ä¡v A\nhmcyamWv. Fómð Cóv hn]coX Znibnð D]t`mK kwkvImc¯nepw, hyàn]qPbnepw kzm[o\n¡s¸«p aen\am¡s¸Spóp B[p\nI ss{IkvXh t\XrXzw. B´cnI kzmX{´yapÅnSt¯ Bhiy§fnev\nópÅ hnSpXð km[yamIq. sImfp¯n¸nSn¡phmt\m, H«n¸nSn¡phmt\m kzbw A\phZn¡mXncn¡pó DÅnsâ kzmX{´yamWXv. ISsaSp¯ IpSntbäkwkvImcw {]hmknIfpsS temI¯nð ISsaSp¯ IpSntbä kwkvImcw X§fpsS hnizmk¯nsâbpw, ]mc¼cy§fpsSbpw ssIamä¯nepw, IpSpw__Ô§fpsS ]hn{XXbnepw amäw kw`hn¨p. Atacn¡, bqtdm¸v, Bkvt{Senb XpS§nb hntZicmPy§fnte¡v IpSntbdpó bphP\§Ä `qcn]£hpw AhnsS ØncXmakam¡pIbmWv. tPmen, ]T\w, hntZiIpSntbäw FónhbpsS ^eambn Häs¸Spó amXm]nXm¡Ä, iq\yamIpóhoSpIÄ. B[p\nI IpSntbä§Ä hgnamXm]nXm¡Ä¡v a¡sf \ãs¸Spóp FóXñ adn¨q a¡Ä¡v IpSpw_w \ãamIpóp FóXmWv. IpSpw_ kwkvImcw Häbm³ kwkvImcambnamdpóp. CXv `mhn¡v Gsdbpw A]ISIcw! km¼¯nI t\«w am{Xw e£yam¡n a¡sf hntZit¯¡v Abv¡pt¼mÄ \ãamIpóXv IpSpw_¯nsâ sFizcyamWvv. Hcpan¨p {]mÀYn¡pó IpSpw_w Hcpan¨pPohn¡pw. Hcpan¨p tZhmeb¯nð t]mIpó coXn \{kmWn ]mc¼cy¯nð Dïmbncpóp. Fómð Cóv Bcm[\m `mj a\knemIpónñ Fót]cnð cïp ]Ånbnte¡v t]mIphm³ \nÀ_Ôn¡pó ]p¯³ kwkvImcw IpSpw_¯nsâ Xmfw sXän¡pw. IpSntbäw Cópw Cósebpw XpS§nbXñ. ]ïv ae_mdnte¡v IpSntbä¡mÀ IpSpw_ambn«mWv IpSntbdnbXv. Xòqew IpSpw__ԧġv Hcp Ipdhpw Dïmbnñ. hyànbnð IpSpw_¯n\pÅ \nb{´Whpw IpSpw_ {]mÀ°\bpw, ssZhhnizmkhpw, Abð]¡ _Ôhpw A`wKpcw XpSÀóp. Fómð Cóv \Kc§fnte¡pw hntZicmPy§fnte¡pw `qcn]£w t]cpw hyànIfmbmWv IpSntbdpóXv. ]nóoSv hÀj§Ä¡v tijamWv ]pXnbØe¯v AhÀ IpSpw_w Øm]n¡póXv. CXn\nSbnse PohnXw Gsd k¦oÀ®amWv. IpSpw_¯nsâtbm, kaql¯nsâtbm \nb{´Whpw kwc£WbpanñmsX Hcphenb kaql¯nð Häs¸«pIgntbï AhØ. AhnsS B[p\nI kwkvImc¯nsâ kzm[o\§sf hnthN\m tijntbmsS kao]n¡phm³ Gsd Pm{KX BhiyamWv. kzoIcnt¡ï \òIsf kzoIcn¡m\pw Dt]£nt¡ï XnòIsf Dt]£n¡m\papÅ BcvPhamWp bphXeapdbvIv DïmtIïXv. Cu temIs¯ ssI]nSn¨p \St¯ïXv \msfbpsS hmKv[m\§fmb Ip«nIfmWv, AhcmWv PohnX¯nt\mSv Gähpw sXm«p\nð¡póXv. Hmtcm hyànbnepw PohssNX\yw D¨Ømbnbnse¯n\nð¡póXv AhcpsS sbuh\Ime¯mWv. \ndªp\nev¡pó Cu DucvPs¯ icnbmb Znibnte¡v Xncn¨phntSïXpïv. AXn\pthï {]tNmZ\hpw t{]mÕml\hpw, amcvK \ncvt±ihpw icnbmb kab¯v, icnbmb coXnbnð e`n¨ncn¡Ww. AXnsñ¦nð B DucvPw apgph³ hgn sXän HgpIm\mWv km²yX. \½fv Hmtcmcp¯cpw Hcp hyànbmbncns¡¯só al¯mb am\hcminbpsS `mKw IqSnbmWv. Ah\h\nevam{Xambn Npcpïp IqSphm\pÅñ \½psS hyànXzw. AXv NpäpapÅ kaql¯nte¡pw AXn\¸pd¯pÅ temI¯nte¡pw IhnsªmgpIWw. ]p¯³ Xeapd ]mÝmXy kwkv¡mc¯nsâ kzm[o\ heb¯nevs]«v amdn kôcn¨p sImïncn¡pópshóXp Hcp Btcm]Ww am{XamWv. bYmcv°¯nev, bphXeapd hgn amdnkôcn¡póp Fóp]dbphm³ km[n¡nñ. B Nn´ apXncvóhcpsS a\Ênev ]än¸nSn¨ncn¡pó Hcp ]cn{`m´n am{XamWv. Hcp ]cn[nhsc FñmImcy§fnepw \½fpw ]mÝmXysc A\pIcn¡pI Xsóbmbncpóntñ Fó tNmZyw _m¡n\nð¡póp. `£Ww, hkv{X[mcWw, `mj, kwkv¡mcw, km¼¯nIamb hfÀ¨ Fónhbnseñmw X\na \ãs¸«psImïncn¡pó Ime¯mWv \mw Pohn¡póXv. BtKmf hyhØnXnbpsS `mKambn \mw amdnsImïncn¡pIbmWv. HcpImcy¯nse¦nepw \mw Pm{KX ]pecvt¯ïXpïv. \½psS bphXeapd AhcpsS kz´amb, k¼óamb kmwkvImcnI ss]XrIw ad¡phmómw ImcW¡mcmIcpXv. kzbw Isï¯phm\pff {ia¯nemWv ]p¯³ Xeapd. Ah\htâXmb Hcp]mX Asñ¦nð Ah\htâXmb HcnSw Isï¯m\v {]bXv\n¨p sImïncn¡pIbmWv. C¡mcy¯nð apXnÀó Xeapdbv¡v Fs´¦nepw kmcambn kw`mh\ sN¿phm\v km[n¡psam FómWv t\mt¡ïXv. AhcptSXmb coXnbnð Ahcv AXv DÄs¡mïpsImÅpw. hntZicmPy§fnte¡v IpSntbdn]mÀ¡pó cïmw Xeapdbnevs¸« Nnesc¦nepw HcpXncn¨p hchv B{Kln¡póp FóXv HcpbmYmÀYyamWv. kz´w ss]XrI k¼¯nsâ hne AhÀ a\Ênem¡n¯pS§nbncn¡póp. \½psS Aaqeyamb ]mc¼cy¯nepw, ss]XrIk¼¯nepw Bßm`nam\apÅhcmbn Cónsâ XeapdamdWw. kz´ambn«pÅ B\n[n Ipw`¯ntes¡móv DufnbnSphm³ Ahsc klmbn¡Ww. AhnsS \nóp Aaqey§fmbap¯pw ]hnghpw AhÀ hmcnsbSp¡s«. \½psS kwkv¡mc¯nsâ hnebpw \nebpw a\Ênem¡phm³ Ahcv¡v Ahkc§sfmcp¡n sImSp¡qIbmWv Cóv \mw sNt¿ïXv. AñmsX hñXpsams¡ ]dªv AhcpsS a\Êv amäm\v {ian¡pI bñthïXv. kzbwAdnªXpw, A\p`hn¨Xpw AhÀ¡p a\Ênem¡phm\pÅ Ahkcw Hcp¡n sImSp¡pIbmtWzïXv. IgnªXeapdIfv, hntijn¨pw \½psS sXm«p ap¼nepÅ cïp aqópXeapdIfv, ]p¯³ Xeapd¡v t\cmb Znimt_m[w \ðIpóXntezï{X\njvIÀjX]men¨ncpónñ. \½psS X\Xmb kmwkvImcnI k¼¯nsâ hne AhÀ¡p a\Ênem¡ns¡mSp¡phm\v{i²sh¨n«nñ. ImcWw, Pohn¡phm\pÅ X{´¸mSnð AsXmópw kzbw sXm«dnbm\v Ahcv¡pw Ahkc§fpïmbnñ FóXmWymYmÀYyw. al¯mb B ]mc¼cy¯nsâ kzm[o\w Cós¯ Xeapdbnse PohnXs¯ F{Xt¯mfw kv]cvin¨n«pïv? \mw Cópw AÔambn ]mÝmXy kwkvImcs¯ A\pIcn¡pIbtñ sNbvXXv? Hcp]cn[nhsc Fñm Imcy§fnepw \½fv ]mÝmXysc A\pIcn¡pIXsóbmbncpóp. ]pXnb Xeapd B]cn[nbpw ISóv Að]w IqSn apt¼m«p t]mbn Fópam{Xw. ISóp t]mb Xeapdtb¡mÄ GXm\pw NphSpIÄ IqSn apt¼ms«z¡phm\v ]pXnb Xeapd{ian¡póp Fóvam{Xw. \ap¡p Ibdn Ibdn ]äphm³ ss[cyanñmXncpó Dbc§fnte¡v ]pXnbXeapd Ibdn¸äpóp. sbuh\w Fóp ]dbpóXv ]qcvWambpw hnIkn¨p Ignªn«nñm¯ Hcp AhØbmWv. Ahcv{]tXyIns¨mópw Bbn¯ocv«nónñ, hfcv¨bpsS hgnIfneqsS sasñ \Sóp \o§n XpS§nbtXbpÅq. \n§Ä \n§fptSXmb sIm¼pIfnevtNt¡dnIgnªhcmWv. Ahtcm? kz´ambn, ØncXbpÅ Hcp Øm\w tXSns¡mïncn¡póhcmWv, F¯n¸nSn¡ms\mcp sIm¼v Isï¯m\mbn AhÀ Npäpw ]cXn sImïncn¡pIbmWv. AXp Iïv \½Ä] cn{`an¡póp. Ip«nIÄ shdpsX PohnXw ]mgm¡n¡fbpósñm, hgnsXänt]mIpósñm FsóñmtamÀ¯v ]gb Xeapd k¦Ss¸SpóXnð AÀYanñ. XpScpw.....

PmXn aX cmjv{Sob hyXymkw Xom Xangv Pnsv

Xangv\m«nð sPñns¡«v kIe sI«pIfpw s]m«n¨v {]Xntj[¯nsâ sImSp¦mägn ¨phn«psImïncn¡pIbmWv. \qämïpIfmbn \S¯n-bncpó sPñns¡«v Hcp kp{]`mX¯nð C´ybpsS ]ctamóX \oXn]oTw \ntcm[n¨psImïv D¯chnd¡nbt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc Xangv P\XbpsS {] XnImcw BÀ¯nc¼n AXnð AhÀ HóptNÀóp. AhnsS PmXnbpw aXhpanñmXmbn. sImSnbpsS \ndhpw ]mÀ-«nbpsS NnÓhpw Bcpw Iïnñ. hÀ®hpw hÀ¤hpw AXnð AXnÀhc¼v krjvSn¨nñ. AhÀ Häs¡«mbn cwK-¯p hót¸mÄ kp{]ow tImSXn t]mepw F´v sN¿WsaódnbmsX Ipgªpt]mbn. arKkvt\lnIfpw arKhmZnIfpw AXv Iïv HmSnsbmfn¨p. \nba¯nsâ ]S hmfpambn cwK¯phcphm³ BÀ¡pw ss[cyapïmbnñ. Bcpw AXns\Xnsc k-achpambn cwK¯p hcnItbm hgn tbmc¯pw `cWkncm-tI{µ§fnepw aäpambn ]´ð sI«n InSónñ. A§s\ Bsc¦nepw hóncpsó¦nð ]nóosSmcn¡epw AhÀ¡v kacw \bn¡m³ IgnbmsX t]mtbs\. arKkvt\l¯nsâ At¸mkvtXmeòmcmb ta\Im KmÔnbpw aäpw sPñns¡«nse arK]oU\w A-dnsª¦nepw Adnbm¯Xpt]mse A`n\bn¨p. A`n{]mbw ]dbmXncn¡m³ AhÀ au-\a`n\bn¨p. au\w hnZzm\p`qjWhpw hnUvVn¡sXm-cp Ae¦chpsaóv ]dbpwt]mse ta\ImKmÔn¡sXmcp kzbw kwc£Whpambnsbóp ]dbmw. apópw ]nópw t\m¡msX F´pw {]hÀ-¯n¡pó Xangt\mSv arKkvt\lhpambn sNómð arK¯nt\mSv sN¿póXnt\¡mÄ IjvSambn sN¿psaóv AhÀ¡dnbmw. AXpsImïp Xsó ta\Im KmÔn Hcmt{Imihpw \S¯nbnñ. \nba¯nsâ bmsXmcp hmfpambn cw-K¯phónñ. AsXms¡ tIcf¯nse ]mh§fpsS ASpt¯ NnehmIpIbpÅp. Ah cpsS ASp¯p am{Xsa \nba¯nsâ hmfpw A[nImc¯nsâ Al¦mchpambn h-óv Ddªp XpÅm³ Ignbq. tIcf¯nð ]«n ISn¨v ]nôp Ipªp§fpsS t]mepw B´co Imhbh§Ä XIÀóv Ahi Xbnembt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc P\w {]XnIcn¨t¸mÄ AhcpsS ap³]nð \nba¯nsâ hmfpambn A[nImc¯nsâ Alw`mh¯nð DdªpXp ÅnbXmWv ta\Im KmÔn. AXv Iïv a{´namÀ t]mepw tNmZn¨v amf¯nsemfn¨p. Xangv\m«nð ta\-ImKmÔn t]Sn¨t¸mÄ tI-cf¯nð AhÀ t]Sn¸n¨p hnd¨p. AXmWv Xangv\mSpw tIcfhpw X½nepÅ hyXymkw. AhcpsS GXv s]mXp{]iv\ ¯nepw AhÀ¡v B Hs¯mcpabpïv. \mb {]iv\¯nð tIcfw cïv X«mbn. a-\pjys\ ISn¨pIodn \mbv ssP{X bm{X XpSÀót¸mÄ a\pjy sâ Poht\¡mÄ hne arK¯n\p \ðIn tIcfw cïv X«nembn. AXmWv tIcfhpw Xangv\mSpw X½nep-Å hyXymkw. s]mXp hnjb¯nð AhÀ HóptNcpw. DZmlcW¯n\v apñs¸cnbmÀ hnjbw XsósbSp¡mw. apñs¸-cnbmÀ hnjb¯nð Xangv\mSv Hä sI«mbn s]mcpXnbt¸mÄ tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡òmÀ ]e X«nembn. Uman\v hnÅ-epsïóp Isï¯pIbpw A-Xv XIcpsaópw tIcf¯nse \mev PnñIÄ shůn\Snbn emIpsaóv Iïn«pt]mepw tIcf¯nse cmjv{Sob t\XrXzhpw Ne¨n{X kmwkv-ImcnI t\XrXzhpw iàambn cwK¯phcnIbpïmbnñ. B {]tZi¯pÅ P\§Ä am{Xw {]Xntj[hpambn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbpÅp. AhcpsS {]Xntj[ ka-capdIÄ iàambn hót¸mÄ Nne cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmÀ cw K¯phcnI-bpïmsb¦nepw AhÀ ]nóoSv ]n³hm§pI bpïmbn. ImcWw tX\nbn epw I¼¯papÅ  AhcpsS A\[nIrX kz¯phnhcw ]pd¯phnSpsaóv PbefnX ]dªXmWs{X. A{XtbbpÅp tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡òmcp-sS kachocyw. tIcf¯nse P\§fpsS Poh\p Xsó `ojWnbmb Umansâ Im-cy¯nð au\w ]men¨ ae-bmf¡cbpsS kq¸À Xmc§Ä sPñns¡«nð sFIyZmÀVyw {] ISn¸n¨psImïv cw-K¯phóXmWv Gsd ckIcamb kw`hw. tIcf¯nð P\§Ä Znhk§tfmfw kac-hpambn cwK¯p hót¸mÄ AXn semc`n{]mbhpw ]dbm¯ Cu kq¸À Xmc§fpsS tZi hnImcw k½Xnt¡ïXmWv. tIcfw kq¸À Xmc§fm¡nb ChcpsSsbms¡ Cu hnImc {]IS\w ImWpt¼mÄ tXmónt¸mIpI tNmdnhnsSbpw Iqdv AhnsSbpsaómWv. Xangv P\XbpsS sFIyw AXv GXv Im-cy¯nembmepw AXpIïv \mw Du äw sImÅmdpïv. Fómð \½psS Imcy¯nð \mw ]e X«nembn amdpIbmWv ]Xnhv. AXmbncn¡mw \½psS Gähpw henb ]cmPbhpw. AXpsImïpXsó Xan-gv\mSns\ C´ybpsS ]ctamóX \oXn]oTamb kp{]ow tImSXnt]mepw `b¡póp. tImSXnbpsS D¯chns\ Imänð ]d¯ns¡mïv sPñns¡«v XpScpsaóv P\w ]dbpt¼mÄ tImSXne£ysamópw Bcpw Dóbn¡pItbm D-¯chnSpItbm sNbvXnñ. A§s\sbmcp \o¡apïmbmð AXv F´v Zqjy^e§fp-ïm¡psaóv tImSXn¡pt]mepadnbmw. tI{µkÀ¡mcpIÄt]mepw Xangv\mSnt\mSpw tIc-ft¯mSpw cïv coXnbnemWv {]hÀ¯n¡póXv. tI{µ _P-änembmepw sdbnðsh _Pänem bmepw aäv hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\¯nembmepw tI-cf¯n\v e`n¡póXv bPam\sâ taibnð \nóv hogpó A¸¡jW§Ä am{Xw. Xangv\mSn t\m ssI \ndsb. tI-cf¯n\v Hcp tem¡ð s{Sbn³ A\phZn¡pó Øm\¯v Xangv\mSn\v \ðIpóXv Aônð IqSpXð ZoÀLZqc s{Sbn\p Ifmbncn¡pw. _Pänð A\phZn¡pó XpIbpw CXpt]msebmbncn¡pw. tI{µa{´n k` cq]oIcn¡pt¼mÄ tIcf¯n\v Htóm ctïm a{´nsb In«nbmð Bbn. Fómð Xangv\mSn\v tNmZn¡pó a{´namtcbpw hIp¸pIfpw \ðIpw. tImSXnbpw tI{µhpsañmw Xangv\mSnsâ Imcy¯nð Hcp \bhpw tIcf ¯nsâ Imcy¯nð asämcp \bhpamWv. AXn\p ImcWw AhcpsS P\XbptSbpw t\Xm¡òmcptSbpw kwØm\¯nsâ s]mXp{]iv\t¯m SpÅ sFIyt_m[hpw AÀ¸Wt_m[hpamWv. \½psS tIcf¯nð AXn\v t\sc hn]coXambXmWv. AXmWv tIcf¡cbpsS ]cmPbhpw t]mcmbvabpw. sPñns¡«v tIcf¯nembncpsó¦nð tImS Xnhn[ns¡Xnsc Bcpw {] Xntj[n¡pIbnñmbncpóp. tImSXnhn[n \S¸m¡msX tbm AXns\Xnsc {]kvXmh \t]mepw Cd¡póhÀ-s¡Xnsc tImSXnbe£yhpambn tImSXn D¯chpam-bn htós\. sPñns¡«nð tImSn D¯chns\ FXnÀ¡póXv icntbm sXtäm FópÅXñ AhcpsS kwLSnX iànbm Wv Iïp ]Tnt¡ïXv. kw LSnX iàn¡p apónð ap«paS¡m¯ `cWIqS§fnñ. Imänð ]d¡m¯ tImSXn \nba§tfm Cñ. AXnð IqSn AhÀ AhcpsS AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡pw. Bhiy§Ä tNmZn¡msX Xsó `cWIqS§Ä \ðIpw. AXmWv sPñns¡«nð IïXv. \nbat¯bpw \nba hyhØnXntbbpw FXnÀ-¡Wsaóñ CXnð¡qSn AÀ°amt¡ïXv. sFIy¯nð IqSn AhImi§Ä t\Snsb-Sp¡pt¼mÄ Ass\Iy¯nð IqSn AÀlXs¸«Xpw \jvS-s¸Sp¯pIbmWv sN¿póXv. AXn \pZmlcW§fmWv apñs¸cnbmdpw sPñns¡«pw Asñ¦nð Xangv\mSpw tIcfhpw AXv tIcfs¯ GXv coXnbnð F¯n¡psaóv ]dbm³ h¿. Hcp Imcyw Dd¸n¨p ]dbmw AXv \s½ DbÀ¨-bnte¡mbncn¡nñsbóv. AXv a\Ênem¡nbmð \óv.

67mw hmjnIamtLmjnp, AXnthKww ]ptcmKanp temI kmnI iIvXn

C´y kzX{´ ]c-am[nImc cmjv{Sambn«v Cu P\phcn 26\v 67 hÀjw ]nón«p Ignªp. hntZim[n]-Xy¯nsâ ASnaXz¯nð \nóv kztZi cmjv{Sob t\Xr-Xz¯nsâ ssIIfnð C´y In«p t¼mÄ ]«nWnbpw ]cn-h«hpambn \«w XncnbpIbm-bncpóp. aqómw temIcmjv-{Ssaóv C´ysb Ifnbm¡n-b ]mÝmXy hnIknX cmjv-{S§Ä¡p ap³]nð C´ybnóv A htcm-fsa ¯nsbóv ImWn¨psImSp¡pIbpïmbn. Aóv Ifnbm¡nbhÀ C-óv C´ysb Iq«p]nSnbv¡m³ aÕcn¡pt¼mÄ \mw F{Xam{Xw hfÀópsbóv Duln-¡mhpótXbpÅp. C´ybvs¡m¸w kzmX{´yw In«pIbpw kzbw`c WmhImiw t\SpIbpw sNbvX ]e cmPy§fpw hfÀ¨bpsS Imcy¯nð hfsc ]nónemsWóp ]dbmw. ]e cmPy§fpw hfÀ¨ apcSn¨v Nnó `nóambn«pïv. Fómð C ´ybpsS hfÀ¨ AXnthKhpw A`n\µ\obhp-amsWóv ]dtbïXpXsó. AXnð C´ysb \bn¨ `-cWIÀ¯m¡sf \µntbmsS kva cnt¡ïXpXsóbmWv. AhcpsS ZoÀLho£-Wt¯msSbpÅ {]hÀ¯\§fpw ]²XnIfpamWv AXn\p ]nónseóp Xsó ]dbmw. cmjv{Sob¯n\¸pdw cmPyt¯bpw P\§tfbpw kvt\ln¡pIbpw tkhn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóhcmbncp-óp Aós¯ cmjv{St\Xm¡fpw `cWm[nImcnIfpw. Iym-ad I®pIfnte¡p am{Xw {i²n¨psImïv s]mÅbmb hmKvZm\§fpw aäpambn `c-Ww \S¯pó Cós¯ `cWm[n ImcnIfnð \nóv Gsd hyXykvXcmbncpóp Ahscóp ]dbmsX h¿. ]«nWn amän ^e`qbnjvSamb cmjv{Sam¡n amäm³ ]Þnäv PhlÀemð s\lvdphnsâ ]¦v hf-sc hepXmbncpóp. cmjv{S¯nsâ hfÀ¨bnð henb ]¦phln¡pó IÀjIsâ ITn\m²zm\hpw, cmPys¯ aªpw agbpw shbnepw NqSpw XWp¸p taäv cm]IenñmsX Im¯p kq£n¡pó PhmòmcpsS tkh\hpw Iïv Ahsc ap³\nÀ¯n AhÀ¡pthïn {]hÀ¯n¨ emð _lZqÀim kv{XnbpsS `cWw IÀjI\p Xm§pw XWepw ssk\oI\v iànbpambncpóp. AXv ap³ \nÀ¯n At±l¯nsâ ap{Zm hmIyw "Pbv Phm³ Pbv In km³' Cópw `mcXa®nð Bthi¯nsâ AeI-Sepbcpw. km¼¯nI ASn¯d `{Zam¡m³thïn Cµncm KmÔn A[nImctasäSp¯t¸mÄ ISp¯ km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbnembncp-óp C´y. AhcpsS ISp¯ km¼¯nI ]cnjv¡mc§fnð¡qSn AXnð \nóv IcIbdm³ C´ybv¡p km[n¨p. 1969þð sImïphó _m¦pIfpsS tZikmð¡cWw J\n taJe tZikmð¡cn¡Ww. C³jpd³kv taJebpsS hfÀ¨ XpS§nbh C´ybnð iàambn Dïm¡nsbSp¡m³ I gnªp. Bdmw ]ôhðkc ]²Xn \S¸m¡nbXv samdmÀPn tZimbnbmbncpóp. AXv ImÀjnI hfÀ¨bv¡pw sNdpInS hyhkmb¯n\pw Ht«sd Xm§pw XWepam-bncpóp. h³InS hntZi hyhkmbnI `oa³amsc C´ybnð \ntómSn¨v sNdpInS hyhkmbw t{]mÕmln¸n¨-Xv At±l¯nsâ Ime¯m-bncpóp. ]nóoSv hó N-c¬kn§pw ImÀjnI hfÀ¨ ap³\nÀ¯n `cWw \S¯pIbpïmbn. samdmÀPn tZim-bnbpsS Ime¯v XpS§nh¨ PetkN\ ]²XnIfnð Nne sXms¡ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ Npcp¡ Imesa `cns¨mÅpsb¦nepw Nc¬knw§n\v Ignªpsbóv ]dbmw. cmPohv KmÔnbpsS kw`mh\sbóv FSp¯p ]dbmhpó HómWv imkv{X kmt¦XnI cwKs¯ C´ybpsS hfÀ¨. imkv{X-kmt¦XnI cwK¯v Cóv C-´y C{Xb[nIw hfÀ¨ {]m-]n¡m³ ImcWw Aóv \S¸m¡nb `cW ]cnjv¡mc§fm-bncpóp. imkv{Xkmt¦XnI cwK¯v C´y Cóv h³ hfÀ¨ ssIhcn¡m³ ImcWw cmPohv KmÔn iàamb ASn¯d bn«psbóXmWv. At±-lw AXn\mbn Hcp hIp¸v a{´nsb t¸mepw \nban¨p. sI.BÀ. \mcmbW\mbncpóp Aós¯ imkv{Xkmt¦XnI hIp¸nsâ kzX{´ NpaXebpÅ tI{µa{´n. C´ybpsS ssk\oI iàn hÀ²n¸n¡m\pw aäpambn IqSpXð {i² ]Xn ¸n¨ {][m\a{´nbmbncpóp hn.]n.knwKv. cmjv{Ss¯ tkhn¡pIbpw Im¯p]cnc-£n¡pIbpw sN¿pó ssk\oIs\ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw ssk\y¯n\v Bhiyamb kuIcy§Ä Hcp¡pIbpw sN¿pIbp ïmbXpw At±l¯nsâ Ime¯mWv. N{µtiJÀ {][m\ a{´nbmbt¸mÄ {][m\ambpw e£yan«Xv hmÀ-¯ hn\nabcwK¯mWv. hmÀ¯m hn\nabcwK¯v Cóv C´y h³ hfÀ¨ t\SpIbpïmbn. temIs¯hnsSbpw A-\mbmtk\ Cóv Bib hn\nabw \S¯m³ IgnbpóXnð N{µtiJdnsâ `cWt\Xr-Xz¯nsâ ASn¯dbn« {]-hÀ¯\amWv. At±l¯nsâ hew ssI¿mbn {]hÀ¯n¨ kmw ]o¯mtUmbpsS ]¦v hfsc hepXmbncpóp. sNdnb ImebfhmbncpóXpsImïv tZhKuUbv¡v Imcyamb {]hÀ¯\w ImgvNhbv¡m³ Ignªnñ.]n.hn. \cknwldm hp C´ysb km¼¯n-I cwK¯v hfÀ¯nsbSp¡pIbpïmbn. AXn\mbn temI¯nse Xsó F®s¸« km¼¯nI hnZKv²cnsemcmfmb tUm. a³taml³knw§ns\ [\Imcya{´nbm¡ns¡mïv km¼¯nI ]cnjv¡mc§Ä¡v t\XrXzw \ðIm³ dmhphn\v Ignªp. _m¦pIÄ¡p taepÅ \nb{´W¯n\v Abhp hcp¯ns¡mïv P\§Ä¡v IqSpXð Ffp¸¯nð hmbv]IÄ e`yam¡m\pw aäpw CXnð¡qSn Ignªp. sF.Sn. taJebpsS hfÀ¨ Cu Imebfhnð IqSpXepïmbnsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. imkv{X kmt¦XnIcwKs¯ hfÀ¨ cmPy¯nsâ apJÑmb Xsó amäpsaóv At±lw hnizkn¨p. sF.Sn. cwK¯pÅ hfÀ¨ FSp¯p]dtbïXmWv. C´ybpsS sF.Sn taJesb temIw {i²n¡m³ XpS§nbXv Aóp apXð-¡mbncpóp. sF.sI. KpPdmfpw Ipd¨pImesa `cn¨ncp-ópsb¦nepw hntZi\bw temIcmjv{S§fpsS CSbnð \S¸m¡m\pw Ignªp. hmPvt]bnbpsS `cWw {KmaoW P\XbpsS Dóa\¯n\mbn amän hbv¡pI bmWp ïmbXv. {Kmao-W P\XbpsS km¼¯nI `{Z-X Dd¸phcp¯m³ At±lw ]e ]²XnIfpw sImïphcnIbpïmbn. C´y ]m¡v AXnÀ °nIÄ IqSpXð kulmÀ± ]cam¡m³ At±lw i{an¨p. C´ybnð \nóv ]m-¡nØm\nte¡v _kv kÀÆokv t]mepw XpS§m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªp. sSentImw hyhkmb¯nð C´y IpXn¨pNm«w \S¯nbXv Cu Imebf-hnemWv. AXn\ptijw hó a³taml³knwKv s]m-XptaJem Øm]\§fpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw _m¦nwKv taJebpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw Icp¯p-ä t\XrXzw \ðIn. hnZym`ymk cwK¯pw C´y hfÀ¨ t\SpIbpïmbn. {]tXyIn¨v DóX hnZym`ymk cwK¯pÅ hfÀ¨ hntZi \nehmc-¯nepÅ kÀÆIemimeIfpw hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fpw Cu Ime¯pïmbn. F«v ]pXnb sF.Sn.¡v XpS¡an«Xv Cu ImebfhnemWv. Cµn-cmKmÔnbpsS Ime¯p \S-¸m¡nb km¼¯nI ]cnjv-¡mc§Ä XpSÀóp sImïpt]mIm³ IgnªpsbóXmWv FSp¯p ]dbmhpó Hóv. Cóv C´y hfÀ¨bnð \nóv hfÀ¨bnte¡v IpXn¨p NmSns¡mïncn¡pI bmWv. AXn\v t\XrXzw \ðInbhcpsS ]¦v hnkva-cn¡póXv \ñXñ. cmjv{Sob¯n\¸pdw cmjv{Ss¯ tkhn¡pI am{Xañ hfÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXn«pïv. Cóv C´ysb i{Xp cmjv{S§Ä AkqbtbmsS t\m¡n ImWpIbpw aäp cmjv{S§Ä an{Xam¡m³ t\m¡pIbpw sN¿póXv GsXm-cp C´y¡mc\pw A`nam\¯n\v hI \ðIpópïv. C\nbpw C´y hftcïnbncn¡póp. sF-Iycmjv{Sk`bnð ØncmwKXzw Fó kz]v\w C´ybv¡v km£mXv¡cn¡m³ Ign-ªn«nñ. AXn\p {][m\ XSÊw C´ybpsS hfÀ¨bnð Akqb ]qïncn¡pó i{Xp-cmjv{Samb ssN\bpsS ]nSn-hminbmWv. Atacn¡sbt¸msebpÅ h³InS cmjv{S§fpsS Cc«¯m¸p \bhpw AXnsâ ]nónepsïóp Xsó ]d bmw. Fómð C´y {]Xo£IÄ ssIhnSmsX AXn\pÅ {iaw XpSÀópsImtï-bncn¡Ww. C´y ]m¡v AXnÀ¯n {]iv\]cnlmcamWv C´ybv¡v apónse Iodmap«n. ssN\bpÄs¸sSbpÅ Nne cmjv{S§Ä ]mInkvYm\v ]n´pW \ ðIpópsbóXpsImïv temIapÅ Imet¯mfhpw Dïmbncn¡pw Asñ¦nð ]m¡nØm³ iàn £bn¡Ww. Fóncpómepw C´y Cóv ]m¡nØmsâ hfÀ¨bpsS ]Xn³aS§v hfÀ¨ t\Sn. AXnð A`nam\n¡mw.

]nWdmbn ]d GtXm ]n BcmWv; tem AmZan hnjbhpw ]n{]tbmKns kXymhbpw Fv? atml _wmhnse Ahnizmks tXmakv sFkv adnISptam?

----------------------------aebmfnIÄ adópt]mb Xangv hwiP\mb Hcp aebmfnbpsS t]cmWv ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó t]cnð Ct±ls¯ Cópw XangÀ HmÀ¡pópïv. Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mÀ Hcp kÀÆIemimebv¡v At±l¯n³sd t]cp \ðIn Xsó BZcn¨ncn¡póp. Be¸pgbnð P\n¨p hfÀóv, hnZym`ymkw sNbvX Ct±ls¯ Be¸pg¡mÀ Adnbnñ FóXv hfsc hnNn{XamWv. Be¸pg¡mcmb {]Kð`cpsS t]cv ]dbpt¼mÄ Cu t]cv Bcpw kvacn¡póXv Iïn«panñ. Ipd¨p hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v, Ct±lw Be¸pg Fkv.Un.hn. kvIqfnð ]Tn¨ncpóp Fó Adnhnð Ct±ls¯ ¡pdn¨v Rm³ Nne At\zjW§Ä \S¯nsb¦nepw ^esamóp apïmbnñ. Ct¸mÄ, em A¡mUan hnhmZw AXn\pÅ hgn Xpdóp Xóp. Be¸pg¡mcpw aebmfnIfpw adópIqSm¯ t]cmWv, 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ. (1855 – 1897). At±l¯n³sd t]cnð kvamcI§Ä DbÀ¯nbnsñ¦nepw tdmUpIÄ \maIcWw sNbvXnsñ¦nepw aebmfnIÄ ]n.kpµcw]nÅsb ad¡mXncn¡pI. Xangv\m«nse Xncp\ðthen Pnñbnse Hcp kÀhIemimebpsS t]cmWv 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ bqWnthgvknän'. kzm{ib tImtfPpIÄ XpS§pw ap³]v Xangv \m«nð t]mbn ]Tn¨ tIcfnbcmb Ht«sd aebmfn Fôn\obdnwKv _ncpZZmcnIfpsS amXr kÀÆIemimebmWXv. 1885 G{]nð 4 \p Be¸pgbnð P\n¨ aebmfnbmb ]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS t]cnemWv, Cu kÀhIemime Øm]n¡s¸«n«pÅXv- Fóv! AhnsS ]Tn¨nd §nb F{X aebmfnIÄ¡v Adnbmw ? Xangv hwiP\mbncpó At±l¯n³sd cN\IÄ Gsdbpw Xangnð Bbncpóp. 'Xangv tj¡v-kv]obÀ' Fódnbs¸«ncpó At±l¯n³sd {][m\IrXn 'at\mòWnbw' Fó Xangv \mSIamWv. Cu \mSI¯nse AhXcW Km\amb 'Xangv Xmbv hmgv¯v' Fó Km\w Xangv\mSn³sd tZiob Km\ambn kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpïmbn. Cu \mSI¯n³sd t]cnt\mSv tNÀ¯v Adnbs¸«XpsImïmWv ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ, XangcpsS 'at\mòWnbw kpµc \mÀ' BbXv. ]gb XncphnXmwIqdnse BZy_ncpZm\´c _ncpZ[mcnbmbn Adnbs¸SpóXv CtX kpµcw]nÅbmWv. hnZym`ymk Ime¯v At±lw _ncpZm\´c _ncpZ§Ä t\SnbXv. bqWnthgvknän tImtfPv Fóv ]nð¡me¯v Adnbs¸« Xncph\´]pcs¯ 'almcmPmkv tImtfPn'ð \nómWv. XXzimkv{Xambncpóp, hnjbw. A¡me¯v- almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]n³kn¸mÄ BbncpóXv {]kn² Ncn{X ]ÞnX\mb tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆn Bbncpóp. ]nóoSv, ]n. kpµcw]nÅbpw almcmPmkv tImtfPnð {]^Êdmbn \nban¡ms¸SpIbpïmbn. A¡me¯mWv 'hÀ¡e Xpc¦w' \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv. ]ïv, tIcf¯nð ]ckv]cw _Ôs¸SmsX InSó Imbep Isf I\mepIÄ \nÀ½n¨v- _Ôs¸Sp¯nbXnð cmP`cW¯n³sd kw`mh\ AhnkvacWnbamWv. cmPhmgvNsb FXnÀ¡póhÀ C¯cw t\«§Ä Xncn¨dnbmdnñ. dmWn Kucn]mÀÆXn `mbnbpsS Ime¯v Xncph\´]pc0 Ið]m¡Shv apXð hÀ¡eIpóphscbpÅ {][m\ ImbepIsf _Ôs¸Sp¯m³ \nÀ½n¨ I\memWv, ]mÀÆXn ]p¯\mÀ. Cu kuIcyw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n hůnð hÀ¡e¡póp hscsb¯n Ipóp Ibdnbnd§n Imð\Sbmbn«mWv BfpIÄ Be¸pg, sIm¨n {]tZi§fntebv¡v bm{X sNbvXncpóXv. CXn\p ]cnlmcapïm¡m\mWv hÀ¡e Ipóp Xpcóv Hcp Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨Xv. Bbneyw Xncp\mfns³d Ime¯v, kÀ am[hdmhp Znhm\mbncns¡bmWv Hcp {_n«ojv-Imc³sd taðt\m«¯nð Cu Ipóp Xpcóv Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨v KXmKX amÀ¤w \o«nbXv. hÀ¡e Xpc¦w \nÀ½n¨t¸mÄ e`n¨ hs«gp¯nepÅ Nne tcJIÄ B[mcam¡n ]n.kpµcw]nÅ XncphnXmw Iqdn³sd Ncn{Xw kw_Ôamb Hcp {]_Ôw X¿mdm¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv- Some Early Sovereigns of Travancore, 1894. XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v FgpXs¸« BZy Ncn{XcN\. {_n«ojv- cmÚnbnð \nópt]mepw kpµcw]nÅbv¡v Cu {]_ÔcN\bv¡v BZchv e`n¨n«pïv. XpSÀóv, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS At]£{]ImcamWv, kwØm\¯n\v kz´ambn ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸v Øm]n¡phm³ {ioaqew Xncp\mÄ cmahÀ½ X¿mdmIpóXv. ]pcmhkvXp hIp¸n³sd BZy Xeh\mbn ]n.kpµcw ]nÅ Xsó \nban¡s¸«p. ]n.kpµcw]nÅbv¡v dmhp _lZqÀ Øm\w \ðIn BZcn¨Xv IqSmsX XncphnXmwIqdns\¡pdn¨v kpµcw]nÅ X¿mdm¡nb {]_Ô¯n\pÅ ]mcntXmjnIambn almcmPmhv, acpXpwaqe Fóv! Aódnbs¸«ncpó Cós¯ t]cqÀ¡Sbnð, \qtd¡À Øew A\phZn¨p \ðIpIbpapïmbn. kpµcw]nÅ, almcmPmkv tImtfPnð X³sd {]n³kn¸mÄ Bbncpó tUm. tdm_À«v lmÀÆnbpsS kvacW \ne\nÀ¯m³ ]mcntXmjnIambn In«nb Øe¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw' Fóp0 AhnsS At±lw ]WnIgn¸n¨ aµnc¯n\v 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fóp0 t]cn«p. Fómð, ]nð¡me¯v kpµcw ]nÅbpsS GI]p{X³ \ScmP]nÅ (1891--,1966) tZiob kzX{´ kac¯n³sd `mKambn cq]oIrXamb kvtääv tIm¬{Kknð tNÀóv AXn³sd BZy sk{I«dnbmbn {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw {_n«njv kÀ¡mcn\pw Znhm³ Bbncpó kÀ kn]nbpsS AXn{Ia§Ä¡pw FXnsc {]t£m`w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ £p`nX\mb kÀ kn]n Cu \qtd¡À Øew DÄs¸sSbpÅ \ScmP³]nÅbpsS ss]XrI hkvXp¡Ä IïpsI«n. kzX{´m\´cw C{]Imcw IïpsI«nb `qan bYmÀ° DSaIÄ¡v Xncn¨p sImSp¯t¸mÄ, Aóv kzX{´ 'tIcf'¯nse BZy [\a{´n Bbncpó \ScmP³]nÅ B `qan XncnsI kzoIcn¡mXncpóXv aqew AXv kÀ¡mÀ BkvXnbmbn amdpIbpïmbn. 'lmÀhn]pcw Ipón'\p apIfnð ]n.kpµcw]nÅ X\n¡pw X³sd ]n³XpSÀ¨¡mÀ¡pambn \nÀ½n¨ _w¥mhmWv, Cós¯ a{´n aµncamb 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv'. tIcf¯nse BZys¯ [\a{´n¡v A§s\ \ãamb B a{´naµnc¯nemWv, Cós¯ [\Imcya{´n io. sFk¡v tXmakv Xmakn¡póXv FóXv bmZrNnIamImw. X³sd ssIhiw Dïmbncpó t]cqÀ¡Sbnse tijn¨ hkvXphnð X³sd ]nXmhmb kpµcw]nÅbpsS HmÀ½bv¡mbn \ScmP³ ]nÅ 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' Fó t]cnð Hcp hnZymebw \S¯nbncpóp. Cu hnZymebw At±lw ]nð¡me¯v kÀ¡mcn\p hn«psImSp¡pIbpïmbn. AXmWv-, t]cqÀ¡Sbnse Cós¯ ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Fó kÀ¡mÀ hnZymebw. 'kpµc hnemkw kv-IqÄ' GsäSp¯ kÀ¡mÀ ]nónSv AXn\p ]n Fkv \ScmP ]nÅ sat½mdnbð kvIqÄ Fóp t]cpsImSp¡p t¼mÄ \ScmP]nÅtbmSpÅ BZchv {]ISn¸n¨v At±l¯n³sd ]qÀWImb {]Xna Øm]n¡pw Fóp ]dªncpóp. Fómð, ]Xnhpt]mse Hópw kw`hn¨nñ. Be¸pgbnepsS dbnðth XpS§p t¼mÄ 'Be¸pgbnepsS Xohïn¸mX' Fó kz]v\w km£mð¡cn¡m³ {]bXv\n¨ Hma\¸nÅbpsS OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð Øm]n¡pw Fóp kwØm\a{´namcpsS kmón²y¯nð Aós¯ sdbnðth a{´n {]Jym]n¨ncpóp. hÀj§Ä Gsd Ignªn«pw A§s\ Hcp OmbmNn{Xw dbnðth kvtäj\nð DbÀón«nñ. ']n Fkv \ScmP]nÅ sat½mdnbð KhÀsaâv t_mbvkv lbÀ sk¡ïdn kv-IqÄ' Im¼knð DbÀ¯pw Fóp kÀ¡mÀ {]Jym]n¨ \ScmP]nÅbpsS ]qÀWImb {]XnabpsS ØnXnbpw adn¨mbncpónñ. 'at\mòWnbw kpµc\mÀ' Fó ]n.kpµcw]nÅ 1897 G{]nð 26 \p \mð]¯n cïmas¯ hbÊnð acWaSªp. inhImanb½mfmbncpóp, kpµcw ]nÅbpsS `mcy. B Z¼XnIÄ¡v Hcp aI³ am{XamWv DïmbncpóXv. At±lambncpóp, \ScmP³ ]nÅ. Fómð, cïp XhW hnhmlnX\mb \ScmP]nÅ bv¡v a¡Ä ]´ïv Bbncpóp. aqóv- B¬a¡fpw H³]Xv- s]¬a¡fpw. BZy `mcybmb e£vanb½mfpsS acWtijamWv At±lw tImafw A½mfns\ hnhmlw sNbvXXv. shÅn¡cïnbpambn P\n¨v cm{ãnbtkh\¯n³sd t]cnð DÅXp apgph³ cmPy¯n\p sImSp¯v, HópanñmsX IS¡mc\mbn hmSIho«nð Pohn¨p acn¨ \ScmP³]nÅsb Cós¯ cm{ãnb¡mÀ¡pw AhcpsS AWnIÄ¡pw a\Ênemhnñ. ImcWw Ahcnð ]ecpw cm{ãnbw hcpam\amÀ¤am¡nb hcm\v. ]t£, aebmfn F§s\bmWv kpµcw ]nÅsbbpw \ScmP]nÅsbbpw ad¡pI ? A\p_Ôw: A³]¯nsbmóp hÀjw ap³]v Hcp P\phcn 10 \mWv \ScmP³]nÅbpsS acWw. Cu hÀjw P\phcn 10\p Xsó em A¡mZanbnð hnZymÀYnIfpsS {]t£m`¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¡s¸«Xpw Xakv¡cn¡s¸« kXy§Ä shfn¨s¸«Xpw bmZrNnIamtWm ? ]n.kpµcw ]nÅbpsS 'lmÀhn]pcw _w¥mhv' Fó Cós¯ 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡thbmWv cmP³ tIÊnð s]«v a{´n sI. IcpWmIc³ cmPnsh¨p HgntbïnhóXv, AXv, bmZrNnIamtWm? 'a³taml³ _w¥mhv' Fó a{´naµnc¯nð Xmakn¡th XsóbmWv ]ôm_v tamUð {]kwKtIÊnð s]«v a{´n _meIrjvW]nÅbv¡v cmPnsh¨p Hgntbïn hóXv. AXpw bmZrNnIamtWm?   ]nónSv, ChnsS Xmak¯n\p hó Fw.hn.Bdn\p a{´nØm\w \ãambXpw bmZrNnIamtWm ? ]nsó, a{´namÀ Ibdm³ aSn¨ B ]gb a{´naµnc ¯nð AÔhnizmk§sf XÅn¸dªp sImïv Ct¸mÄ Xmak¯n\v F¯nbncn¡pó [\a{´nbmb Be¸pg¡mc³ {io. tXmakv-- sFk¡ns\ Im¯ncn¡póXv F´mWmthm..! \ñXn\mbncn¡ptam?   Hcp]s£ GtXm ]nÅbmWv, AsXmcp alm\mb ]nÅbmsWóv, B ]nÅbpsS kòt\m`mhw \ðInb HuZmcyw \mSn\p {]tbmP\amIpIbmWv thïsXópw, B ]nÅbpsS a¡Ä Zmcn{Zy¯nð Ignbpt¼mÄ asämcp \mbÀ AXv hf¨psI«n tImSnIÄ kz´am¡nbXv XncnsIsbSp¡m³ \nan¯amIpIbmtWm?

_njpamcpsS BUw_c PohnXhpw IpmSpIfpsS {]hmkhpw, {]hmkn aebmfn k lyp̬ FgpXpq

AÀ°anñm¯ Blzm\§fpw Ig¼nñm¯ hmNI IkÀ¯pIfpw kXymhØbdnbm¯ {]kvXmh\Ifpw \S¯póhcmWv cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡sfóv FñmhÀ¡padnbmhpó ImcyamWv. Fómð Ahsc IS¯n-sh«ns¡mïv tIcf¯nse Nne aX t\Xm¡òmcpw aXm²y£òmcpw {]hÀ¯n-¡pópsbóv ]dbmsX Xcanñ. CubSp¯ kab¯v It¯men¡m k`bpsS ae_mÀ do¯v k`bpsS bphm¡tfmSv Hcmlzm\w \S¯pIbpïmbn. bphm¡Ä hntZi tPmen{`aw Dt]£n¡Wsaóv. B Hcp D]tZiw \S¯nbXn\p ]nónse Dt±iw F´m-sW¦nepw AtX¡pdn¨v ]d-bm\pÅXv Hóp am{Xw. hntZi¯v tPmen tXSnt¸mbhscñmw {`aw sImïmbncptóm. Asñóv hntZi¯v tPmen sN¿pó `qcn`mKw t]cpw ]dbpw. tPmen tXSn AeªpXnvcnªv Hcp KXnbpw ]-cKXnbpanñmsX hcpt¼mgm-Wv ]ecpw hntZit¯¡v t]mIpóXv. tIcf¯nð In«pó XpÑamb i¼fw sImïv PohnXw Iq«nsI«m³ ]mSp-s]Spt¼mgmWv aäp ]ecnepw hntZi tPmen{`aw DïmIpóXv. BÀ`mShpw AXn-tamlhpw sImïñ tIcfw hn«v hntZi¯v acwtIm¨pó XWp¸nepw Np«ps]mÅpó shbnenepw ]WnsbSp¡pósXóv \n§Ä¡dnbnñmbncn¡pw. AXdnbWsa¦nð AhÀs¡m¸w Hcp Znhksa¦nepw ]WnsbSp¯mð aXn. At¸mgdnbmw AXnsâ kpJhpw Zp:Jhpw a[pchpw ssIbv]pw. AXmWv Hcp icmin hntZi aebmfnbpsS AhØ. Cu AhØbnepw Ahsâ a\Êp\ndsb \mSpw \m«p Imcpw hoSpw ho«pImcpw \mS³ `£Whpw \m«phntij§fpw Bbncn¡pw. F´n\v hntZis¯ aebmfnsb¡pdn¨p ]dbpóp. tIcf¯nsâ Abð kwØm\amb Xangv \m«nð t]mIpóhÀ¡pt]mepw AXmWhØ. A§s\bpÅ aebmfntbmSv hntZi {`asaóp ]dªmð AÀ°anñm¯ A[chybambn am{Xsa ImWm³ Ignbq. CXp ]dbpt¼mÄ ]ecpw hmsfSp¯p cwK¯p hcpw. ]s£ CXmWv kXyw. hntZi{`aw Dt]£n¡W saóv ]dbpt¼mð Hcp Imcyw IqSn ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. e£§fpsS hnebpÅ hntZi ImdpIfnð FbÀI ïoj\n«v XWp¸n¨v Hcp tZ hmeb¯nð \nóv asämcp tZhmeb¯nte¡v emfnXy¯nsâbpw FfnabptSbpw XymK ¯nsâbpw kl\¯nsâbpw PohnXw Im«n¯ó tbip{In kvXphnsâ hN\w {]tLm jn¡m³ \n§Ä t]mIpt¼mÄ Hcp sI«p _ncpZhpambn k`mhnizmknIfmb bphm¡Ä s]mcnbpó shbnenð tPmen tXSn Aebpópïv. B bphm¡Ä bPam\sâ taibnð \nóp hogpó A¸¡jW¯n\mbn bmNn¨n«pïv. AXv In«msX hót¸mgmWv hoSpw \mSpw a\Ênñm a\tÊmsS Dt]£n¡m³ X¿mdmbn hntZit¯¡v hïn IbdnbXv. hni¸S¡m³ thïn hntZit¯¡v t]mbt¸mÄ \n§Ä AXns\ hntZi {`asaóp t]cn«v hnfn¡póXv At§bäw A]lmkytam Ahtlf\tam Bbn am{Xsa ImWm³ Ignbq. tbmKyXItfsdbpïmbn«pw k`m Øm]\§fnð ISóp Ibdm³ thïn A[nImcnIfpsS AS¨n« hmXnen\p apónð hni¸S¡n \nð¡pt¼mÄ AtbmKycmb \n§fpsS CjvS¡mcpw kz´¡mcpw _Ôp¡fpw B hmXnenð¡qSn AI¯p Ibdn PohnXw kpc£nXam¡pt¼mÄ AXns\ \n§Ä F´p t]cn«p hnfn¡póp. bmYmÀ°y§Ä C§s\bmsWóv AdnbmsX hmbnð tXmópóXp hnfn¨p ]dbpt¼mÄ AsXm cp A[chybamtb P\w Im Wq. AXnsâ ]nónð \n§Äs¡t´m KqV e£yapsïóp P\w IcpXpw. AXv \n§Ä hln¡pó Øm\s¯ Xsó If¦s¸Sp¯pw. hntZi¯pt]mbn«pw hnizmkw ssIshSnbmsX AXns\ apdpsI ]nSn¨v hntZi¯pw Pohn¡pópsbóv Hcp ]s£ \n§Ä¡dnbnñ. B hnizmknIfpsS CSbnð AP]me\¯nsâ t]cnð kµÀi\w \S¯n Ahcnð \nóv kvt\lkw`mh\IÄ kzoIcn¡ms\¯póXsñ bYmÀ°¯nð hntZi{`asaóp ]dtbïXv. kztZi¯p h¨v AhKWn¡pIbpw hntZis¯¯pt¼mÄ Ahsc BenwK\w sN¿pIbpw sN¿póXv hntZi{`aambXpsImïsñ. kXy¯nð Pohn¡m³ thïn hntZis¯¯póh tc¡mÄ Ahsc ]ngnbm³ hntZis¯¯póXsñ hntZi {`aw. Cu hntZi{`aw shSnbW saóv k`mt\XrXzw ]dbpóXn\p ]nónð asämcp clkyapïv. k`mhnizmknIÄ hntZi¯pt]mbmð k`bv¡pthïn apóWn t]mcmfnIfmIm³ BfpIsf In«nñmsbóXmWv. k`mt\XrXz§fpsS F¡mes¯bpw X{´ambncpótñm hnizmknIsf Cf¡nhn«v cmjv{Sob `cW t\XrXz§sf hcpXnbnem¡pIsbóXv. hnizmk kwc£W dmenIÄ \S¯n AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡pIsbó Hma\t¸cnð \S¯nbncpó cmjv{Sob k½À± X{´¯nse X{´w kz´w Imcyw knµm_mZv FóXmbncpóp. GXv XfÀóp InS¡póht\bpw kSIpSsªgptóð¸n¡m³ hnizmksaó acpóv aXnbtñm. hnizmknIÄ ]«nWnbpw ]cnh«hpambn Aeªp Xncnªv \S¡pt¼mÄ am{Xsa Ahcnð hnizmksaó hocyw Ip¯n¡bäm³ Ignbq. hntZi¯p t]mbmð AXn\msf In«nsñóv k`m t\XrXz¯n\v Ct¸mÄ a\Ênembn XpS§n. Npcp¡¯nð ]dªmð NqSp ]mbkw ssI¿n«phmcm³ A\pbmbnIsf In«pónñmsbóv. k`m t\XrXzw hnizmknIÄ hntZi{`aw shSnbWsaóv ]dbm³ {][m\ ImcWw CXp Xsósbóp ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. AXp a\Ênem¡m³ AXoh Úm\samópw thï kmam\y _p²naXn. bmYmÀ°y¯nte¡pw aäpsamóv Xncnªp t\m¡nbmð aXn. CXv Hcp aX¯nð am{Xañ Fñm aX¯nepapïv. X§fpsS sNmð¸Sn¡p \nð¡m³ Bsf In«msX hcpt¼mgmWv C¯cw A{]mtbmKnI {]tbmK§fpw {]kvXmh\Ifpw \S¯póXv. AXnse s]můc§Ä hnizmknIÄ Xncn¨dpónñsbóXmWv kXyw. AXpsImïp Xsó aXt\Xm¡òmcpsS C¯cw {]kvXmh\IÄ XpSÀópsImtïbncn¡pw. AXnð Ipäs¸Spt¯ïXv AÔambn Chsc hnizkn¡pó hnizmk kaqls¯bmWv. aX¯n\¸pdw a\pjysc kvt\ln¡pIbpw klmbn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó aXt\Xm¡òmÀ aebmf a®nð Dïmbncpóp. AhcpsS al¯mb {]hÀ¯nIsft¸mepw aeoaÊs¸Sp¯póXm Wv C¯cw {]kvXmh\IÄ. aX¯nsâ aXnðs¡«n\¸pdw am\hoIXbpsïóv ]Tn¸n¡pIbpw ImWn¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó AhcpsS {]hÀ¯nIÄ¡v hn]coXambn aX¯nsâ aXnðs¡«n\pÅnð a\pjysc ab¡n InS¯m\pÅ {iaamWv Ct¸mgs¯ aXt\Xm¡òmcnð¡qSn ImWpósXóXv Zb \obamb Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. CXpsImïv AhÀ¡ñmsX kaql¯nt\m k`bvt¡m bmsXmcp t\«hpanñmsbóv hnizmkn kaqlw a\Ênemt¡ïXmWv.

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