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Atacn DcsImdnb bpw temImhkm\ntetbvm? {]apJ {]hmkn FgppImc sʳ kmayqhens \ncoWw

Cóv temIw apgph³ `oXntbmSpIqSn NÀ¨ sN¿s¸Spó hnjbamWv Atacn¡ D¯c sImdnb bp²w. tkzÑm[n]Xy¯nsâ AXn `oIc cmjv{Sambn amdns¡mïncn¡pó D¯c sImdnbbpsS sIm¼p apdn¡m³ XsóbmWv Atacn¡bpsS {iaw. AXnsâ `mKambn Atacn¡ ISp¯ \ne-]mSpambn cwK¯p hóncn¡pIbmWv. \bX{´ _-ÔapÄs¸sSbpÅ s]mXphnjb¯nð Atacn¡ D¯c sImdnbbpambn iàamb \ne]mSpIÄ FSp¡pIbpïmbn. Atacn¡bv¡v ]nómse ]e cmPy§fpw D¯c sImdnbs¡Xnsc \nÊlIcWw {]Jym]n¨p sImïv cwK¯p hcnIbp ïmbn. AXv D¯csImdnbsb XoÀ¯pw Häs¸Sp¯p ó coXnbnembnsb-óp Xsó ]dbmw. Atacn¡sb FXnÀ¡pó htey-«³ at\m`mht¯msSbp-Å Häbm³ Fó Nn´mKXntbmsS \S¡pó ssN\bpw Ahsc ]n´m§pó hncense®mhpó Nne cmjv{S§fpamWv Cóv D¯c sImdnbs¡m¸apÅXv. F-óncpómepw D¯c sImdnb Xo À¯pw Häs¸« Hcp co-XnbnemWv Cóv temI¯pÅXv. P\m[n]Xy`cWtam cmPIob `cWtam Añ D¯c sImdnbbnð DÅXv. Cu cïv `cWkwhn[m\¯nse P\§Ä¡v AhImi§fpw Bhiy¯n\v kzm-X{´yhpw In«pIbpÅp. ]«mf`cW¯ntem I½yqWnÌv Nn ´mKXnbntem DÅ `cW¯nð P\§fpsS AhImi§fpw kzmX{´y§fpw `cWm[nImcnIfpsS At¸mgt¸mgpÅ \ne]mSpIÄ¡v A\pkcn¨mbncn¡pw DïmIpI. I½yqWnÌv `cW§ fpïmbncpó cmPy§fnð AhImi kac§Ä \S¯n `cW A«nadn-IÄ Xsó AXn\v DZm-lcW§fmWv. C¯w `cWw Xsó tkzÑm[n]Xy `cW¯n\v XpeyamWv. tkzÑm[n]Xy `cW¯nð `cWm[nImcn F´v Iev]n¡pópthm AXv F{X {IqcX \n-dªXmbmepw AXmWv \S-¸m¡póXv. tkzÑm[n]XnIfmb B `cW IÀ¯m-¡Ä AhcpsS kpJ¯n\pw k t´mj¯n\pw am{Xsa {]m[m\yw \ðIpIbp-Åpsbóv Ncn{X¯nð IqSn \mw a\Ênem¡nbn«pïv. A¯c¯nsemcp tkzÑm[n]Xnbpw tkzÑm[n]Xy `-cWhpamWv Cóv D¯c sImdnb Fó cmPy¯v \S¡póXv. D¯c sImdnbbnð \S¡pó tkzÑm[n]Xy `-cW¯nsâ {IqcXIÄ A{Xsbm ópw Xsó ]pdw temIw AdnbpónsñóXmWv Hcp hkvXpX. {]knUânsâbpw `cWIqS¯nsâbpw IÀi\ \nb{´Ww am[ya§ Ä¡pw ]{X§Ä¡p-apsïóXv ImcWw. A\y cmPy§fnse ssk\oI kmt¦XnI hnZy clky§Ä I¼yq«À lm¡v sNbvXv tNmÀ¯nsbSp¯psImïv B cmPy §Ä XIÀ¡pó ]-²XnIÄ Bkq{XWw sNbvXp sImïpÅ ]²Xn¡v D¯c sImdnb Cu ASp¯Ime¯v cq]w sImSp¯-Xmbn«mWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. cmPy§Ä C§s\ XIÀ¯p sImïv temIw apgp-h³ Xsâ ssI]nSnbnsemXp¡m \mWv D¯csImdn-b³ GIm[n]Xnbmb cmjv-{S¯ehsâ Dt±ihpw kz]v\hpw. Atacn¡bpsS t]mepw clky§Ä tNmÀ¯m³ D¯c sImdnb {ian¡pIbpïmbn. Atacn¡bp-sS iànbnð ]tï D¯c sImdnb¡v Akqbbpïv. AXpsImïpXsó A-tacn¡s¡XnscbpÅ G-Xv Hfnb¼pIfpw D¯csImdnb F¿m³ {ian¡pw. D¯c sImdnbbpsS Al¦mchpw Al´bpw Cóv bp²¯nsâ h t¡mfsa¯n-¨ncn¡pIbmWv. Atacn¡bpsS Xm¡oXpIsfsbms¡ sXñphne Iev]n¡msX temIs¯ apgph³ Np«pIcn¡psaó lpt¦msS aptóm«pt]mIpó D¯c sImdnbbpsS ssIhiw GXv i{Xp kw lmcnbmWv DÅsXóv BÀ¡padnbm³ Ignbp-ónñmsbóXmWv temIcm-jv{S§Ä `b¸mtSmsS ImWpóXv. AWphmbp[w DÄs¸sS h³ i{Xpkwlmcbp²w ssIhiapsïóv D¯c sImdnb ]dbpt¼mÄ AXv ho¼p]d¨ntem kXytamsbóXmWv Hcp kwibw. temIw apgp-h³ Zln¸n¡m³ AXnsemsc®w aXnsbómWv D¯c sImdnb ]dbpóXv. AXv kXyamsW¦nð aqómw temIalmbp²ambn D¯c sImdnb Atacn¡ bp²w amdpIbpw AtXmsS temImhkm\w DïmIpIbpw sN¿pw. ASn¨mð am{Xsa Xncn¨Sn¡qsbóv sImdnb ]dbpt¼mÄ Atacn-¡ bp²¯n\v XpS¡anSp-sbómWv Dt±in¡póXv. bp²w Atacn¡ D¯c sImdnb¡ptað ASnt¨ð-¸n¨psbóv hcp¯n XoÀ-¡m\pÅ {iaamWv CXn\p ]nónð. CtXmsS Atacn¡s¡Xnsc Iptd cmjv{S§-sf¦nepw XncnbpIbpw sImdnb¡p ]nónð AWn \nc¡pIbpw sN¿psaóv A-hÀ IcpXpóp. temIs¯ `oXn s¸Sp¯pIbpw Atacn¡ sb sNmSn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXpsImïv D¯c sImdnb³ tkzÑm[n]Xnbmb ` cWm[nImcn bp²¯n\v Imlfw apg¡n¡gnªp. CXnsâ BZy]Snbmbncp óp djybnen« t_mw_v. X§sf klmbn¡m¯ Ab ðcmPy§sfbpw B-{Ian¡psaóv {]knUâv Inw]dbpóXv `bw DÅnð Ccpón«v {]Xntcm[ X-{´amsWóv BÀ¡padnbmhpó ImcyamWv. ]s£ A-Xv Hcp bp²¯nte¡v sImsï¯n¡ptamsbóXmWv temI¯nsâ `bw. Atacn¡bv¡pw DÅnð `bapsïó XmWv ]cs¡bpÅ kwkmchpw. Hcp bp²apïmbmð AXv F{Xt¯mfw `oXnIcambncn¡psaóv BÀ¡pw {]hNn¡m\mInñ. A{XIïv B[p\nItemIw hfÀóp. Hcp bp²ap-ïmbmð \jvSw CcpIq«À-¡papïmIpsaómbncpóp Ignª \qämïphscbp-Å ImgvN¸mSv. Fómð C-óv AXñ Iïp\nð¡póht\ bpw tI«p\nð¡p-óht\bpw hsc AXv _m[n¡pw. C\nbpÅ bp²w BfpIÄ X½ntem Bbp[amtbm Añ AXn\¸pdw AXym-[p\nI coXnbnepÅ A-Wphmbp[§Ä X½nembncn¡pw. AXnsâ tijnbnð FXncmfnIfñ FXnÀ-¡m¯hcpw Hópanñm¯hcmIpw. B `oIcmhØ Adn-bmhpóXpsImïmWv cïmw temIalmbp²¯n\pti jw asämcp temIa-lmbp²w DïmIm¯Xn\p ImcWw. Hópw cïpw temIalmbp²¯nsâ sI-SpXnIÄ F{X cq£ambncpóp sbóv Cu Xeapdbv¡v tI«dnsh¦nepw Dïv. A-óv AXnsâ ZpcnX^e§Ä A\p `hn¨hÀ B A\p`hw ]n ³Xeapdbnte-¡v ]IÀóp sImSp¯psImïv H-cp henb ktµiw Xsó \ð Ipópïv. temIalmbp² §fnð hnPbhpw ]cmP bhpanñ adn¨v ZpcnX§fpw IjvSXIfpw am{Xsabp Åpsbóv. FXncmfnsb ] cmPbs¸Sp¯m³ thïn F´v {Iqcamb {]hÀ¯n Ifpw sN¿psaóXmWv bp ²§fnð \S¡póXv. hnP bw am{XamWv e£yw. cïmw tem-Ialmbp²¯nð \mw A-Xv IïXmWv. hnPbw Dd¸n¡m ³thïn h³ iànI-fpambn tNÀópsImïv P-¸m\nse lntcmjnabnepw \mKkm¡nbnepw hnt£]n¨ Bäwt_mw_v Ahn-sS F{X ZpcnXw hnX¨psb-óv \ap¡dnbmw. t_mw_n-« bp²hnam\¯nsâ ss]eäv ¢uUv CXÀen ]nóoSv shfns¸Sp¯nbXv t_mw_n«t¸mÄ Bbncw kqcyòmÀ DZn¨pbÀóXn\p Xpeyamb ImgvNbmWv I-ïsXós{X. lntcmjnabnð F¬]Xn\mbnct¯mfw t]cpw \mKkm¡nbnð AXnsâ ]IpXntbmfhpw BZy Znhkw Xsó sImñs¸«phs{X. ]nóoSv F{Xt]À sIm ñs¸«psbóXnsâ IW¡pIÄ Hópw Xsó IrXyasñ¦nepw At\Iw t]À¡v AXn\ptijhpw Poh³ \jvSs¸«n«psïóv IW¡p Iq«pópïv. tdUntbj³ AXn{]kcw sImïv ]nóoSv AhnsS P\n¡pó Ip«nIÄ¡v AwK-sshIeyw hsc  DïmIm-dpsïómWv ]nóoSv kw`hn¨Xv. Cópw AXnsâ sISp-Xnbnð sh´pcpIn Po-h¡póhcmWv lntcmjnabnepw \mKkm¡bnepap-Å P\§Ä. C\nsbmcn¡epw Hcp almbp²w DïmIm³ ]mSnsñó AXnð ]s¦Sp¯ hnam\¯nsâ ss]e-äpamcpsS Ipäw Gäp]d¨nð Xsó AXn\pZmlcWamWv. Cdm³, Cdm¡v, C{ktbð, ]mekvXo³, Ipsshäv XpS§nb bp²§Ä XoÀ¯pw Häs¸«Xpw B`y´c bp²§Ä t]mse sNdpXpambncpóp. AsXmópw almbp²§Ä BIpó{X IepjnXhpam-bncpónñ. temIcmjv{S§sf `oXnbnemgv¯pó{X Kuchtadnb hnjb§fpambn cpónñ. Ipsshäv bp²w am{Xambncpóp AXnð \nóv Aev]w hyXykvXambXv. AXpsImïpXsó Cdm¡n\ptað Atacn-¡ \S¯nb B{IaWs¯ DÅp sImïv H«pan¡ cmPy§fpw ]n´pWbv¡pIbpw sNbvXp. D¯csImdn-b Häbms\t¸mse Bcpambpw klIcWanñmsX \nð ¡póXpsImïpw ssN\ Ahsc ]n´pW¨psImïv cwK¯p hcnIbpw sNbvXXv D¯csImdnb Atacn¡ bp²apïmbmð AXv temI¯v tNcnXncnhv DïmIpw. Atacn¡bpw ssN\-bpamWv Cóv tem¯pÅ h³i ànIÄ. AXpsImïpXsó Atacn¡s¡Xn-scbpÅ BcpsS \S]Snbv¡pw ssN\ Iq«p\nð¡pw. ssN\ temIs¯ h³i-ànbmb Hcp cmjv{Sambn amdm³ D¯csImdnbbpsS tkzÑm[n]XnbpsS ]X\w am {XamWv H«pan¡ cmjv{S§fptSbpw B{Klw. AXn\v Hcp bp²w am{XamtWm ]cnlmcw. asäs´ñmw amÀ¤§Ä Dïv. Hcp bp²-apïmbmð AXv Ahkm-\n¸n¡m³ Hcp iàn¡pw Ignbnñ. AXv `qansb sam ¯¯nð kwlcn¡psaóXmWv kXyw.

ssZhns kzw \mSpw Ipcniv Ithpw, {]apJ {]hmkn FgppImc\ sk kmaph FgpXpq

IpcnÈpbp²w AXv Ncn{X¯nð¡qSn tI«n-t«bpÅp. Ct¸mÄ AXv ssZh ¯nsâ kz´w \mSmb \mw ]ndó a®mb tI-cf¡cbnð \S¡pIbmWv. A\[nIrX Øe¯v Btcm ssIt¿dn Hcp Ipcnip Øm]n¨p. kÀ¡mÀ Øew sh«n¸nSn¨ NneÀ B Øew ssIhn«pt]mImXncn¡m³ Isï¯nb amÀ¤amWv Cu Ipcnip_p²n. B _p-²nbnse Ip_p²n Xncn¨dnª Asñ¦nð AXv I-sï¯nb k_v IfIvSÀ {iodmw AXv s]mfnbv¡m³ D¯c hn«t¸mÄ B _p²n¡p ]nónð {]hÀ¯n¨hÀ cmjv{Sob¡msc hn«v Hcp {]Xntcm[\nc krjvSn¨p. AXv hnhmZ¯n\pa¸pdw \o§nbt¸mÄ Hcp IpcnÈpbp-²w Xsó XoÀ¯p. Bh-iy¡mtcm AÀlXbpÅhtcm Cu bp²¯nð CñmsbóXmWv Hcp hkvXpX. apXseSp¸p \S¯m\pÅhcm Wv CXnð DÄs¸«sXóXmWv asämcp hkvXpX. Fómð Ipcnip amänbXnð B kaql¯n\v bmsXmcp ]cmXnbpw ]cn` hhpanñ. tIcf¯nse ss{IkvXh kaqltam t\Xm¡òmtcm k`m²y£ òmtcm FXnÀt¸m {]-Xntj[tam {]ISn¸n¨nñ. ]-e sa{Xmòmcpw AXns\ kp[ocamb \ñ \S]Snbmbn«mWv hnebncp¯nbXv. Fómð AXnð FXnÀ¸v {]ISn¸n¨Xv apJya{´nbpw At±lw DÄs¸Spó ]mÀ«nbpw {]Xn ]£w t\XrXzw \ðIpó tIm¬{KÊnse Nne t\Xm¡-òmcpambncpóp. B apXe¡®oÀ F´n\p-thïnbmbncpópsbóv kmam\y cmjv{Sob hnhcapÅ GsXmcmÄ¡pw a\ÊnemIpw. Hcp Ipcnip XIÀómð XIcpóXñ tIcf¯nse ss{IkvXhcpsS {InkvXob hnizmksa-óv Chscs¡ a\Ênem¡póXv \ñXv. Ipcnip c£-bptSbpw kam[m\¯nsâbpw NnÓamWv. kvt\l¯nsâbpw kmtlmZcy-¯nsâbpw ktµiw DZvtLmjn¨hÀ IpcnÈnð IqSn AXv ImWn¨psImSp¯t¸mÄ apXð Ipcniv kam[m\¯nsâ c£bpsS NnÓambn temI¯n\v amXrIbmbn. AXpsImïpXsó Ipcniv sh«n]nSn¡m\pÅ Bbp[añ adn¨v hn«p\ðIm\pÅ a\ÊmWv. AXmWv Ip-cninsâ alXzw. B Ipcnins\ NneÀ X§fpsS e£y¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡pópsbóXv k XyamWv. AhÀ I]S-`àcmWv. AhcpsS e£yw aäp ]eXpamWv. aqómdnepw AXpXsóbmWv \SóXv. I]S`àcpsS IpX{´¯n\p thïn IpcnÈp Øm-]ns¨¦nð AXv amänbXnð bmsXmcp sXäpanñ. AXnð hÀ¤obXbpsS \ndw tNÀt¡ï Imcyanñ. A\-[nIrX Øe¯v Ipcnip \n ómepw hônbncpómepw amäs¸SWw. Ipcnip amänbn«v hôn amämXncpómð AhnsS hÀ¤oXbpsïóv ]dbmw. Añm¯nSt¯mfw Imew AhnsS hÀ¤obX ImWm³ Ignbnñ. {iodmw DÄs¸sSbpÅ DtZymKØÀ AhcpsS IrXy \nÀÆlWw \S¯nsbóv IcpXm³ ]äpIbpÅp. AXnð Ahsc A`n\µn¡mw. C§s\ \mSns\ tZmjIcamb A\mY IpcnipIfpw A\[nIrX IpcnipIfpw amäs¸SWw. ChnsS tI-cf¯nse {InkvXym\nIfptSbpw AhcpsS aXtae[£yòm cptSbpw hnthI]qÀ®amb Bßkwba\w At§bäw A`n\µ\mÀlambXmWv. hÀ¤o-bXbptSbpw a-X{`m´nsâbpw t]cnð a\pjyÀ B{Ian¡s¸SpIbpw Poh³ A]lcn¡-s¸SpIbpw sN¿pó Cu Ime¯v {]tXyIn¨v \½psS C-´ybnð CXv FSp¯p]-dtbïXpXsó. _m_dn akv-PnZpIÄ tIcf¯nð D-ïmIm¯Xn\p ImcWhpw tIcf ¯nse aXt\Xm¡-fptSbpw aXhnizmknIfptSbpw Cu Bßkwba\hpw hnthI]qÀ®amb {]-hÀ¯nbpw aXkulmÀ±]camb Xocpam\hpambncpóp. F¬]XpIfpsS BZy¯nð \Só \ne¡ð ]Ån {]iv\w Xsó AXn\pZmlcWamWv. Ncn{Xsa´p Xsóbmbmepw aX¯nsâ t]cnð HcpXpÅn càw t]mepw hogmsX XoÀ¯pw B {]iv\w kam[m\]cambn ]cnlcn¨Xv Cópw tIcf¯nsâ aXkulmÀ±¯nsâ D¯tamZmlcWamWv. Cñm¯ {]iv\w Ip¯ns¸m¡n aX¯nsâ t]cnð apXseSp¸p \S¯m³ \n-e¡enepw ]ecpw {ians¨¦nepw AXns\sbms¡ Imänð ]d¯ns¡mïv tIcf¯nse P\§Ä {]iv\w ]cnlcn ¨psbóXmWv Hcp {]tXyIX. A§s\ AXv ]cnlcn¨nñmbncpópsh¦nð AXv _m_dn akvPnZn-t\¡mÄ càs¨mcn¨nð D-ïmIpambncpóp. aqómdnð Fóñ tIcf¯nð Fhn-sSbmbmepw aX¯nsâ t]cnð a \pjys\ X½ne-Sn¸n¡m³ Ignbnsñóp am{Xañ apXseSp¸p \S¯m\pw Ignbnñ. AXmWv tIcf¯nse P\§fpsS aXhnizmkw AXv F{X hep XmsWóv a\Ênemt¡ïXp Xsó. aqómdnð am{Xañ tIcf¯nð FhnsS-bmbmepw A\[nIrX Øe¯v IpcnÈv Øm]n¨mepw AXv s]mfn¨pamäs¸SWw. A\[nIrX Øe¯v G-sX¦nepsamcp HutZymKnI ss{IkvXh k`mkaqlw ]Ån tbm IpcnÈSntbm Øm]n¨Xmbn tI«n«nñ. AXpsImïpXsó A\mYamb Ipcn ÈpIÄ Btcm F´nt\m thïn am{Xw Øm]n¨XmWv. IpcnÈpIÄ am{X-añ A\[nIrXamb Øe-¯v GXv aX¯nsâbmbmepw F´v Xsóbmbmepw amäs¸SpIXsó thWw. AXnð apJya{´n `bs¸SpósX´n\v. BIpe\mIpósX´n\v. {]tXyIn¨v I½yqWnÌv amÀIvknÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ H-cp a{´nk`bpsS Aac-¯ncn¡pó apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb³. bYmÀ° I½yqWnÌpImc³ aX¯n\p apónð ae¡w adnbpóh\ñ. adn¨v aX¯n\¸pdw a\pjys\ Adnbpóh\mWv. tIcf¯nð F{XtbmI ½yqWnÌv a{´nk`-IÄ hón«pïv. I½yqWnÌv t\Xm¡Ä apJya{´namcmbn «papïv. AhÀ¡pïm-bn«nñm¯ Hcp `bw aqómdnð apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb\pïmbncptóm. aq-ómdnð IpcnÈp amänbt¸mÄ {]apJcmb ss{IkvXh k`m²y£òmscñmhcpw Xsó B \S]Snbnð sXäv Iïnñ. AhÀ AXnð ]n´pW \ðInbn«pw apJya{´n B \S]Snsb sXämbn hnebncp¯nbXv B `bw sImïmbncpópthm. k_v IfIvSÀ {iodmw IpcnÈp amänbXnð AXr]vXn tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡mïv apJya{´n \S¯nb {]kvXmh\ B coXnbnð am{Xsa ImWm³ Ignbq. kÀ¡mÀ \nban¨ Hcp sF.F.Fkv. DtZymKس \nbaw hn«v {]-hÀ¯n¨mð AbmÄs¡Xnsc \S]Sn FSp¡pIbmWv thïXv. ChnsS k_v IfIvSÀ {iodmw \nbaw hn«v {]hÀ¯n¨n«nñm¯nSt¯m-fw At±lw sXäp sNbvXn«nñ. At¸mÄ apJya{´n AXnð AXr]vXn tcJs¸-Spt¯ï Imcyanñ. AXpt]mse bpÅ {]hÀ¯nIsf A`n\-µn¡pIbmWv thïXv. X\n¡nXnð bmsXmcp ]¦pansñópw Xm³ CXnð \nóv ssIIgpIp ópsbó Hcp ktµ-iw AXnð Hfnªncn¸pïv. C{Xbpw Imew Xsâ ]mÀ«nsb hnizkn¡pIbpw ]n´pWbv¡pIbpw sNbvXncpó ss{IkvXhsc§m\pw ]mÀ«nsb XÅn¸dªv ]n´pW ]n³hen¨mð ASp¯phcm\ncn¡pó temIvk`m XncsªSp¸nepw AXp IgnªpÅ \nbak`m XncsªSp¸nepw F´mIpw ]mÀ«nbpsS ØnXnsbóv At±lw Nn´n¨ncn¡mw. AXnsâ AÀ°w {]Xyb imkv{Xt¯¡mÄ Ct¸mÄ {]m[m\yw {]mtbmKnI cmjv{Sobsaóp Xsó. F´mbncpómepw AXv ]nW dmbn hnPb³ Fó apJy a{´nbpsS Icp¯n-s\ Xsó tNmZyw sN¿póp. AXnð apXe¡®oÀ s]mgn¨ tIm¬-{KÊnsâbpw e£yw AXpXsó bmbncpóp. thm«p _m¦nte¡p Xsó. AXp Xsó bmWv s]mXp\nc¯pIfnepw A\[nIrX Øe¯pw aX§fpsS t]cnð Dbcpó `Þmc§Ä¡v ImcWw. IheIÄ tXmdpw CXphbv¡póXv `ànsImïñ adn¨v Hcp shSn¡v cïv ]£n sbót]mse Imcy-km²y¯n\mWv. AXnte¡v CSpó ]Whpw FSp¡mw AXncn¡pó Øehpw t\Smw. A\[nIrX Øe-¯p\nópw AXv amäm³ DtZymKØÀ¡pt]mepw ss[cyan ñ. ImcWw AXv amän-bmepïmIpó s]mñm¸pw ]pInepw Xsó. hÀ¤oXbpsS tas¼mSnbn« cmjv{So-b ]mÀ«nIfpw thm«p_m¦nð I®n« aäv ]mÀ«nIfpw cwK¯phómð ]nsó ]dbpIbpw thï. tPmen Xri¦p kzÀ¤¯nemIp-ópsbóp am{Xañ tImSXnbpw Ibtdïnhcpw B DtZymKØÀ¡v. AXpsIm-ïv Bcpw thensb InS¡p-ó ]m¼ns\ Iïnsñóp \Sn¨p t]mIpw. AXymhiy¯n\p t]mepw hoXnbnñm¯ tdmUnð Aev]w hoXn Iq«nt]mIpóXn\nSbnð amÀ¤XSÊw t]mse aXkvXw_§Ä \nð¡pt¼mÄ AhnsS tdmUp hnIk\w Ahkm\n¡mw. Cu kvXw _§Ä Hópw Xsó AXv Øm]n¡póhÀ¡ñmsX BÀs¡¦nepw t\«-apïmInñ. Fñmw Bhiy-¯n\mImw A\mhiy¯n\mbmð AXv A[nI¸ämIpw. Ah amäs¸SpI Xsó thWw. AXnð Hcp ssZh§fpw tIm]n¡pIbnñ.

ChnsS \ntWm AtXm t]mItWm? AtacnbpsS amdp apJ

"ChnsS \nð¡tWm,AtXm t]mItWm?' (For Here Or To Go) Atacn¡bnð ]T\¯n\pw, AXn\ptijw DÅ XmXvImenI tPmen¡pw CSbnð PohnXw Icp¸n¡m³ {ian¡pó C´y³ sS¡nIfpsS IY ]dbpó Hcp Ne¨n{Xw 2017 amÀ¨pamkw Atacn¡bnð dneokv sNbvXp. Ejn `nemhtU¡À Fó C³^Àtaj³ sSIvt\mfPn Fôn\obÀ, 2007ð C´ym\ bqWnthgvknänbnð \nópw {KmPpthäv sNbvXtijw Xsâbpw aäp C´y³sS¡nIfpsS BßkwLÀj§fpsSbpw, Iã¸mSpIfpsSbpw, kónKv²XIfpsSbpw IY]dbpIbmWo NeNn{X¯neqsS At±lw. Atacn¡bnð Ct¸mgpÅ IpSntbä NÀ¨Isf a\pjyXz]cam¡m³ Cu Ne¨n{X¯n\mtb¡pw. C´ybnse kaÀ°cpw anSp¡cpw Atacn¡³ I¼\nIsf k¼óam¡pt¼mÄ, AhÀ t\cnSpó hÀ®þhÀ¤hntZzj§Ä, hnthN\§Ä, Häs¸Sp¯epIÄ, Ipäs¸Sp¯epIÄ, am\koI kwLÀj§Ä Hs¡ tImdnbnSpó Hcp Nn{Xw, AXv DZoZn¸n¡pó tNmZyhpwþ "\nð¡tWm AtXm, t]mItWm?' XamibneqsS BsW¦nepw, kwhn[mbI³ cpN lw_tS¡À, Kuch]camb Hcp tNmZyamWv \½psS ap³]nð sImïphcpóXv. \qdp Znhkw sImïv sUmWmÄUv {Sw]nsâ Atacn¡bnð henb amä§Ä BWv DïmbXv . AtX, At±l¯nsâ t\XrXz¯nte¡pÅ BKa\Dt±iyhpw AXpXsóbmbncpóp, " Atacn¡sb AXnsâ ]gb {]Xm]¯nte¡p XncnsI sImïphcnI " . Hmtcm sR«en\pw \Sp¡¯n\pw ap³]pXsó ]pXnb hmÀ¯Ifpambn Atacn¡bpsS aWnbmim³ hmÀ¯Ifnð hóv \ndbpIbmWv. Cãanñm¯hscbpw Cãanñm¯Xns\bpw bmsXmcp Dfn¸pw ]pfn¸panñmsX ISóm{Ian¡m³ At±l¯n\pÅ ssh`hw Bbncn¡mw At±l¯nsâ hnPbImcWhpw. ]qÀ®amb Hcp hnebncp¯en\ñ Fsâ {iaw, Fómð Atacn¡bnð Pohn¡pó Hcp ku¯v Gjy³ hwiP³ Fó \nebnð, \½psS kaqlw t\cnSpó Hcp hn]¯ns\ BWv ChnsS Nqïn¡m«póXv. 2017 G{]nð 24 \p, bp .F³ skIyqcnän Iu¬knð Aw_mÊUdòmÀ¡pÅ US tÌäv hncpónð {]knUâv sUmWmÄUv {Sw]v, Atacn¡bpsS bp.F³ Aw_mÊUÀ Bb \n¡n slbvensb ]cmaÀin¨Xv hfscb[nIw NÀ¨sN¿s¸«p. "\n¡nsb \n§Äs¡ñmw Cãamtbm ? Cãs¸«nsñ¦nð Ahsc FSp¯p amäm\pw F\n¡v aSnbnñ" XamibmbmWv AXv ]dsª¦nð¯só Hcp ku¯v Gjy³ hwiPbmb, C´y³ amXm]nXm¡fpÅ \n¡n slbven, aäpÅ Aw_mknUdòmcpsS ap³]nð hnfdnbXv, AhcpsS t\tcbpÅ hwiob hncð Nqïð Bbn IcpXnbhÀ Gsdbpïv. cïp XhW ku¯v Itcmen\ KhÀ®À Bbn XncsªSp¡s¸«, dn¸»n¡³ ]mÀ«nbpsS DbÀóp hcpó tZiob Xmcw. 2015þ ð ku¯v Itcmen\bnse C½m\pthð B{^n¡³ saXUnÌv ]Ånbnð \Só hÀ¤ob Iq«s¡mebpw, AXns\ XpSÀóv tÌäv Iym]näð _nðUn§n\p apIfnð ]dóncpó hwiobXpsSbpw hnLS\¯nsâbpw HmÀ½ hnfn¨p]dbpó tIm¬s^ÀssUäv bp² ]XmI FSp¯pamäm\pw ss[cyw Im«nb [och\nX Fóv H«msI tLmjn¡s¸« am\ytbmSmWv Cu ]cmaÀiw Fóv HmÀ¡Ww. CXv Atacn¡bpsS amdpó apJamWv Im«póXv. FXncmfnIÄ t]mepw AXn kaÀ°³ Fóv ]ckyambn ]dbpó, ssSw amKkn³ temI¯nse Gähpw {it²bcmb \qdp t]cnð Hcmfmbn XncsªSp¯ Atacn¡bpsS bp. Fkv. AtämÀWnbmbncpó {]oXv _cmcsb ]ncn¨p hnSm³ {Sw]n\v bmsXmcp aSnbpapïmbnñ. \yqtbmÀ¡nse Gähpw iàcmbncpó cïp cm{ãob t\Xm¡sf, \yqtbmÀ¡v tÌäv Akw»n kv]o¡À sjðU¬ knðhÀ, sk\äv eoUÀ Uo³ k-vIotemkv Fónhsc Pbnenð AS¡m³ Im«nb ss[cyhpw Atacn¡ apgph³ IïXmWv. At±lhpw Hcp C´y³ hwiP³ BbncpóXmtWm Hcp Ipäambnt¸mbXv? Atacn¡bpsS 19 þ)aXv kÀP³ P\dð Bbn hninã tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ tUmÎÀ hnthIv aqÀ¯ntbmSv ]ncnªp t]mIm³ Bhiys¸«Xv ap³ {]knUâv H_mabpsS \nba\¯nð \nópw amäw hcp¯nbXmImsa¦nepw, AXpw {]apJ\mb asämcp ku¯v Gjy³ þ C´y³ hwiP³ Fó coXnbnepw ImWmhpóXmWv. bp. Fkv. s^Udð I½yqWnt¡j³kv I½nj³ sNbÀam³ APnXv hcZcmP ss], CXn\p Hcp A]hmZambn {Sw]v `cW¯nð XpScpóp FóXv ad¨p]nSn¨ñ Cu \nco£Ww. Nn¡mtKmbnse Hlmtc A´ÀtZiob hnam\¯mhf¯nð h¨v bpssWäUv FbÀsse³knð \nópw 69 hbÊpÅ hnbäv\maokv Atacn¡³ tUmÎÀ, tUhnUv sZmbns\ skIyqcnän DtZymKØÀ hen¨ng¨p ]pd¯p FSp¯n« kw`hw, temIamsI NÀ¨ sN¿s¸«Xmbncpótñm. AXpw Hcp ku¯v Gjy³ hwiP\mb BÄ Bbnt¸mbsXóXv kzm`mhnI kw`hambn Fópw IcpXm\mhnñ. Atacn¡³ tImÀ]tdj\pIfpsS amdpó asämcp apJamWv AhnsS IïXv. {Sw]v `cWIqSw hfsc sIm«ntKmjn¨  H 1 -B hnk \nb{XWw C´ybnð \nópw Ipdª thX\¯nð sImïphcpó C³^Àtaj³ sSIvt\mfPn Poh\¡msc Imcyambn _m[n¡pw. C¯cw hnk sImSp¡póXnð 70 iXam\hpw C´ym¡mcmWv D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mdpÅXv. Ipdª thX\¯nð tPmensN¿pó {_u¬ \nd¡mtcmSpÅ AXr]vXnbpw ad\o¡n ]pd¯phcnIbmWv. Atacn¡bnð ]T\¯n\mbn F¯pó Ip«nIfnepw ssN\¡mcv Ignªmð C´y³ Ip«nIfmWv IqSpXð. ]s¯m³]Xmw \qämïnð C´ybnð\nópw A`ykvXhnZycñm¯ tXm«w sXmgnemfnIÄ Atacn¡bnð F¯nbncpóp, Fómð 1917 se \nb{´nX IpSntbä \nbaa\pkcn¨p Gjybnð \nópÅhsc XSªp. 1960 þð Atacn¡bnemsI  12,000 C´y¡mÀ DïmbncpóXv, 2013 Bbt¸mtg¡pw 2 aneyWnð A[nIambXp Xpdó IpSntbä \nbaw sImïmbncpóp. U A E Ignªmð Gähpw IqSpXð C´y¡mcpÅXv Atacn¡bnemWv. Atacn¡bnepÅ C´y¡mcpsS hnZym`ymk \nehmcw kztZinItf¡mÄ IqSpXembXn\mð hcpam\hpw PohnX \nehmc¯nepw Hcp ]Sn apónð XsóbmWvAhÀ. CXmbncn¡Ww kztZinIfnð  Akqb Dïm¡m\pÅ ImcWhpw. k-vIqÄ aÕc§fnepw ]T\¯nepw C´y³ Ip«nIÄ anIhv Im«pIbpw, sXmgnð taJebnð C´y¡mÀ ]Sn  ]Snbmbn Ibdnt¸mIpóXpw AklnjvWX hnfn¨p hcp¯n.  ho«nepw aäpw IqSpXð Cw¥ojv `mj D]tbmKn¡póXn\mð tPmenbnð aäpÅ IpSntbä¡msc At]£n¨p Dbcm\pÅ km[yXbpw IqSn. 73 iXam\w C´y³ IpSntbä¡mcpw amt\Pvsaâv, _nkn\kv , kb³kv , BÀSvkv Fóo taJeIfnemWv tPmen sN¿póXv. 2013 se U S sk³kkv _yptdm IW¡p{]Imcw 3.8 aney¬ C´y³ HdnPn³ {]hmknIÄ Atacn¡bnð Dïv , AhÀ 70 _ney¬ tUmfÀ BWv Hmtcm hÀjhpw C´ybnte¡p Ab¨psImïncn¡póXv. C´ybnse Gähpw henb sSIv I¼\nbmb C³t^mknkv Atacn¡bnð ]Xn\mbncw sXmgnð Ahkc§Ä Dïm¡pw Fóv ]dªp. Atacn¡bnð tkm^vsäzbÀ `mj AdnbmhpóhÀ IpdhmbXn\memWv C´ybnte¡v AhÀ t\m¡nbXv. Ipdª thX\¯nð C´y¡mÀ C¯cw tPmenIÄ ASn¨p amäpóXnð henb ]cn`hw Atacn¡³ sXmgnð taJebnð Dïv. Fómð CubnsS C´ybnð \S¯nb Hcp kÀtÆ {]Imcw, Aôp iXam\w t]mepw C´y³ tkm^vsäzbÀ Fôn\obÀ amÀ¡v icnbmbn tkm^vsäzbÀ `mj FgpXm³ Adnbnñ FómWv. \mjWð s^utïj³ Hm^v Atacn¡³ t]mfnkn ÌUnbpsS A`n{]mb¯nð C´y³ I¼\nIÄ IqSpXð sXmgnð AhkcW§Ä Atacn¡bnð Dïm¡pópïv. hmÄkv{Soäv ]{X¯nsâ IW¡p {]Imcw _ney¬ tUmfÀ ÌmÀ«¸v ¢ºnð, ]Xn\mdp iXam\hpw C´y³ I¼\nIfmWv. \yq tbmÀ¡nse Hcp kplr¯nsâ ho«nð h¨v \Só Iq«mbvabnð kw_Ôn¡m³ t]mbncpóp. Aev]w Xmakn¨mWv F¯nbXv , AhnsS sNót¸mÄ Hcp  BÄIq«w hoSn\p ]pd¯p \nð¡póp . Hcp kplr¯v ]dªp, hïn Ipd¨p  amän ]mÀ¡v sNbvXpsImÅq. Imcyw ]nsó ]dbmw, ho«nð sNót¸mÄ ØnXnKXnIÄ A{X ]´nbmbn«ñ IïXv. Btcm HcmÄ Abnes¯ hoSn\p kao]w hïn ]mÀ¡v sNbvXXv shÅ¡mcmb Abð¡mÀ¡v Cãs¸«nñ, \n§sfms¡ C´ybnte¡v Xncn¨pt]mIq, XpS§n hÀ¤ob NphbpÅ ISp¯ ]cmaÀi§Ä \S¯n, AXnð {]tIm]nXcmb Nne kplr¯p¡Ä Ipsd hïnIÄ IqSn AhntSbv¡v  sImïv ]mÀ¡v sNbvXp {]Xnt£[n¡m\pÅ ]cn]mSn Bbncpóp. Btcm kwba\w ]men¡m³ D]tZin¨XpsImïp AXv henb kw`hambn amdnbnñ. hcvj§fmbn AhnsS Xmakn¨ncpó kplr¯p kw{_Òt¯msS ]dªp, CXphsc C§s\  Hcp  A\p`hw At±l¯n\v Dïmbn«nñs{X , AXpw amdnhcpó AkvlWpXIfpsS XpS¡w am{Xw Bbncn¡mw. C¯cw A\p`h§Ä AhnShnsSbmbn CSbv¡p A\p`hs¸Smdpïmbncpsó¦nepw, hÀ¤ob hntZzjw ad\o¡n ]pd¯phcm\pÅ Fñm kmlNcy§fpw Ct¸mfpw \ne\nð¡pópïv. cmhnse tPmen¡p t]mIpó hgn \yq tbmÀ¡nse s]³tÌj\enð  s{Sbv\pthïn Im¯p\nð¡pt¼mÄ Hcp Iq«w ssN\okv Ip«nIÄ, ¹mävt^mansâ aª hc¨ Xn«bnð Ibdn\nóp ssN\okv `mjbnð D¨¯nð kwkmcn¡póp. aª hc¨ Xn«bnð \nð¡cpsXómWv \nbaw. thj¯nð Atacn¡³ Ip«nIÄ BsW¦nepw   ]dbpóXv  ssN\okv `mjbpw, ssI¿nð CSbv¡p CSbv¡p DbÀ¯nt\m¡pó IW¡p ]pkvXI§fpw , Iq«¯nð "F" tNÀ¯v ]dbpó hm¡pIfpw sImïv AhnSw iÐ apJcnXambm¡n.  Zqsc\nópw Hcp shÅ¡mc³ , Xebnð Hcp Atacn¡³ sImSn Xqhmebmbn sI«nbn«pïv, XmSnaoibpw ]¨Ip¯nb icochpw; AbmÄ \SóSp¯p, aª Xn«bnð IqSn¯só AbmÄ thK¯nð ISóp hóp Ip«nIfpsS ASps¯¯n, ' amdn \nð¡q'' Fóv D¨¯nð ]dªn«v tZjy `mht¯msS ISóp t]mbn. s{Sbn³ F¯n, Hcphn[w AXnð Ibdn¡qSn, Ip«nIÄ \nÀ¯msX kwkmcn¨p sImtïbncpóp, It®mSn¨pt\m¡nbt¸mÄ s{Sbn\nð sXm®qdp iXam\hpw Idp¯hÀK¡mcpw kv]m\njv hwiPcpw Gjy¡mcpw Hs¡ IpSntbä¡mÀ Xsó. ""\nð¡tWm AtXm t]mItWm?'' Fó Hcp tNmZyw AdnbmsX a\Êns\ t\mhn¨p.

ImtWXp ImWmt\m ]dtbXv ]dbmt\m Nm\epIfnm tIcfw

AÇoew ]dªpsbóv Btcm]n¡pó a{´nbmtWm sXäpsNbvXXv B a{´nsb IpSp¡m³ thïn AÇoe kw`mjW§Ä \S¯nsbómtcm]n¡pó Nm\emtWm sXäp sNbvXXv. AÇoe t^m¬ kw`mjW¯nsâ t]cnð tIcfw hnhmZ¯nsâ Xo¨qfbnð InSóv DcpIpt¼mÄ Cu tNmZy¯n\p¯cw ]dbm\mIm¯ AhØbmWv. ImcWw A½sb Xñnbmepw Bsc¦nepsam-s¡ BcpsSsb¦nepsam¸apïv. Hcp Imcyw P\w aSn-IqSmsX ]dbpóp. Nm\epIÄ sImïpw cmjv{Sob¡msc sImïpw AhÀ¡v bmsXmcp {]tbmP\hpanñmsbóv. ImtWïXp ImWmt\m ]dtbïXv ]dbmt\m tIcf¯nð Hcp Nm\epanñ. tIcf¯nse P\§sf _m[n¡pó bmsXmcp {]iv\§Ä¡pw ]cnlmcw ImWmt\m AtX¡pdn¨v NÀ¨ sN¿mt\m Añ Nm\epIÄ¡v Xmev]cyw BÀ¡pw thïm¯ Im-cys¯¡pdn¨v BhiyanñmsX NÀ¨IÄ \S¯m\pw Bsf apjn¸n¡pó A´n NÀ¨IfpamWv tIcf¯nse Nm\epIÄ \S¯póXv. ImXemb Imcy§sf¡pdn¨v \S¯nb F´v ]cnlmcamWv tI-cf¯nse Nm\epIÄ \S¯n-bn«pÅXv. AgIp Iïv A¸s\ hnfn¡póhsctóm kmbn¸ns\ ImWpt¼mÄ Ihm¯p ad¡póhtcm am-{XamWv Cóv tIcf¯nse Nm\epIÄ Fóv ]dtb-ïnbncn¡póp. ImtWïXpIm Wmdnñ. tIÄt¡ïXv tIÄ¡mdnñ. AXmWv tIcf¯nse Nm\epIÄ Fóv ]dbmw. sXmgnepSabpsS AhKW\bnepw A-Sn¨aÀ¯enepw {]Xntj[n¨v XrÈqcnð Hcp ]äw sXm-gnemfnIÄ Znhk§tfmfw Ah Imikac§Ä \S¯nbXv tIcf¯nse Hcp Nm\epw Iïnñ. Iïn«pw ImWm¯Xpt]mse \Sóp. Xncph\´]pc¯v tlmkv]näensâ apIfnð \nóv Hcp hnZymÀ°n NmSn BßlXy sN¿pIbpïmbn. B tlmkv]näense t\gvknwKv kvIqfnð ]Tn¨ncpó B Ip«n AhnSps¯ A[n-ImcnIfpsS am\knI ]oU\w kln¡msXbmWv BßlXy sNbvXsXómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. AXns\Xn-sc P\tcm£amfn¡¯nbn«pw Hcp Nm\epw Hcp NÀ¨bpw \S¯m³ X¿mdmbnñ. XrÈqcnð N{µt_mkv Fó skIyqcnän Poh\¡mc³ sImñs¸«n«pw AXn-s\Xnsc {]Xntj[n¡mt\m {]XnIcn¡mt\m F´n\v Hcp hmÀ¯t]mepanSm³ Chn Sps¯ Nm\epIÄ¡v Xmev]cyanñmbncpóp. Znhk§Ä Ignªn«v Hcp sNdnb hmÀ¯bnð AXv AS§p IbmWpïmbXv. sIm¨nbnepw aäv \Kc§fnepapÅ h³InS Bip]{XnIfnð tPmen sNbvXncpó \gvkpamÀ Iptd¡me§Ä¡p ap³-]v AhImi kac§Ä \-S¯pIbpïmbn. e£§Ä i¼fw In«m³ thïnbm-bncpónñ adn¨v Aev]w sa¨ambn Pohn¡m³ th-ïn Aev]kzev]w i¼f hÀ²\hn\mbn Znhk§tfm-fw kacw sNbvXn«pw B kacw ASn¨aÀ¯m³ amt\-Pvsaâv KpïIsf hn«v aÀ-±n¨n«pw tIcf¯nse am-[ya§Ä Hcp Xpdó NÀ¨bpw \S¯nbn«nñ. F´n\v Hcp hmÀ¯t]mepw CSm³ ss[cyw Im«nbn«nñ. AXp am{X añ `£yhkvXp¡fnð amcIambn hnjw tNÀ¯v ]mbv ¡äpIfnem¡n hnXcWw sNbvXncpó hyhkmb Øm]\¯nsâ IÅ¡fn IÄ `£ykpc£m I½ojWÀ A\p]a sF.F.Fkv. Isï¯nbn«pt]mepw AXv hmÀ¯bm¡mt\m NÀ¨ sN¿mt\m DÅ ss[cytam kmam\y acymZtbm t]mepw ImWn¡m³ tIcf¯nse am[ya§tfm Ahcp-sS C¯nÄ I®nIfmb Nm\epItfm X¿mdnbnñ. tImSnIÄ ]cky¯n\mbn \ðIpóhcpsS \µnbpÅ \mbv¡fmbn an¡ Nm\epIfpw amdnsbómbncpóp Aóv hnaÀi\w. \n§Ä ]I¨p \nónS¯v \n§Ä ]qgv¯n h¨nS¯v tkmjyð aoUnb ss[cyw Im«n Fñmw ]pdw temIs¯¯n¨p. ]W¯n\p aosX ]cp´ñ Nm\epIÄ t]mepw ]d¡nsñóv \n§fpsS am[ya{]hÀ¯\§Ä sImïv sXfnbn¨p. \nehmcanñm¯ kocnbepIfpw X«ps]mfn¸³ hmÀ¯I-fpambn tIcf¯nse Im¡sXm Åmbncw Nm\epIÄ cwK¯p hót¸mÄ Ah-sc P\w Xnckv¡cn¨p. AXv Nm\epIfpsS \ne\nð¸ns\ Xsó _m[n¨p. AXv XcWw sN¿m³ Hmtcmtcm X{´§fpambn Nm\epIÄ Ct¸mÄ cwK¯p h-óncn¡pIbmWv. AXnsemómWv Ct¸mÄ hnhmZam-bncn¡pó AÇoe hoUntbm kw`mjWhpw tdänw-Kn\mbpw \ne\nð¸n\mbpw \n§Ä Im«nIq«pó tIm{]mb§Ä BÀ¡pth-ïn F´n\pthïn. CsXms¡ ImWpt¼mÄ P\¯n\v Ad¸pw shdp¸pamWpïmIpósXóv Adnbm¯hÀ \n§Ä am{XamWv. C¡nfns¸Sp¯pó kn\naItf¡mÄ XcwXmW coXnbnepÅ {]hÀ¯\w al¯mb am[ya{]hÀ¯\¯n\p Xsó A]am\amWv. kz´w \ne \nð¸n\pthïn A\ysâ ASp¡fbnð Ibdnbnd§n kzbw \mdpóXnt\¡mÄ \ñXv CsXms¡ ]q«ns¡«n ]pd¯pt]mIpóXmWv. \män¡pó IYIÄsImïv \mdnb Nm\epIÄ cwK¯phcpt¼mÄ Ahsb hn aÀin¨psImïv \ñ ]nÅ Nabpó aäv Nm\epIÄ cwK¯p hcpt¼mÄ AdnbmsX tXmónt¸mIpóXv hmkhZ¯ aKvZte\sb hnaÀin¡póXp t]msebmWv. bp.Un.F^v. `cW Ime¯v Hcp a{´nbpsS Itkc sXdn¸n¡m³thïn B a{´nbpsS ]mÀ«nbnðs¸« Aós¯ Hcp h\nX Fw.Fð.F. tIcf¯nse Hcp Nm\epambn tNÀóv \S¯nb IYIÄ P\w adóp ImWnñ. Aóp sXm«p XpS§nbXmWv Nm-\epIfpsS s\dnsI« {]-hÀ¯nIÄ. \yqkn\v tdänwKv Iq«m\pw Nm\ð P\{i-² ]nSn¨p]äm\pw GXäw hsc t]mIm\pw tIcf¯nse Nm\epIÄ {ian¡pópïv. AhÀ Ct¸mÄ {]-XnØm\¯p \nð¡pó Nm\ens\ Ipäs¸Sp¯póXv ImWpt¼mÄ tXmóp-I kz´w I®nð XSn¡jWw Ccpón«v A\ysâ I®nse IcSv FSp¡m³ {ian¡pópsbóXmWv. kzbw \mdpIbpw aäpÅhsc \män¡pIbpw sN¿póhcmWv aebmf ¡csb aeoaks¸Sp¯n s¡mïncn¡pó Nm\ep IÄ FóXmWv ]cs¡bpÅ hnaÀi\w. AXnð Bcpw ]ntóm«ñ. kaql¯nse XnòIsf ]pd¯psImïphcnIbpw P\§fpsS \ymbamb Bhiy§fpw BhemXnIfpw A[nImcnIfpsS apónð F¯n¡m³ am[ya§Ä¡v IgnbWw. At¸mÄ am{Xsa P\§Ä am[ya§sf AwKoIcn¡pIbpÅp. C¡nfns¸ Sp¯pó hmÀ¯IÄ ImWm³ Nne Rc¼ptcmKnIsf ImWqsbóv Nm\epIfpw HmÀt¡ïXmWv. tdänwKv Iq«m³thïn C¯cw IpX{´ amÀ¤§Ä kzoIcn¡pó Nm\epIÄ tIcf¯n\v A]am\amWv. Fómð AXnt\¡m Ä A]am\amWv ChcpsS sbms¡ hebnð hogpó cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmcpw P\{]Xn\n[nIfpw `cWIÀ ¯m¡fpw. AgnaXnbpw kzP\]£]mXhpambncpóp \½psS cmjv{Sobt\Xm¡òmcpsSbpw P\{]Xn\n[nIfptSbpw CShpw hehpsa¦nð ssewKoImtcm]W§fpw kv{Xo ]oU\t¡kpIfpw apónepw ]pdInepam bn«pïv. P\§sf cmjv{Sob¯nsâ t]cnð sR¡n¸ngnbpIbpw A[nImcw In «nbmð Bhiy¯ne[nIw AgnaXnbnð IqSn kÀ¡m cnð \nópw AñmsXbpw AI¯m¡pó Ccn¡pó ItkcbpsS alXzw t]m epw adómWv {]hÀ¯n ¡pósXóp Xsó ]dbmw. AgnaXn¡mcmbn«mbn cpóp GXm\pw \mfpIÄ¡v ap³]phsc tIcf¯nse cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡tfbpw P\{]Xn\n[nItfbpw ap{Z Ip¯nbncpósX¦nð Ct¸mÄ AhcpsS sXm¸nbnð Hcp s]m³Xqhð¡qSn NmÀ¯s¸«p kv{Xoew_ Sscóv. Ahcpw \mSns\ D²cn¡m\pw P\§Ä¡pthïn PohnXw Dgnªph¨hcmWv. am[ya[À½w adóv {]hÀ¯n¡pó am[ya {]hÀ¯Isct¸msebmWv kwip²nbnñm¯ Ct¸mgs¯ t\Xm¡fpsaóv AhcpÄs¸Spó AÇoe IYIfpw Ahnip² _Ô§fpw ]pd¯phcpt¼mÄ Xpdóp Im«póXv. cmjv{S[À½anñm¯ cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯Icpw P\\òsbs´ódnbm¯ s]mXp{]hÀ¯Icpw tIcfs¯ am\w sISp¯pópsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. A[nImc¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯pw AcpXm¯sXñmw sN¿m³ bmsXmcp aSnbpan ñ. ImcWw ]nSn¡s¸«mð AXv Hcmtcm]Wambn am{XsamXp¡m³ ChÀ¡v IgnbpsaóXpXsó. Btcm]Wsaó al¯mb \maw Cu t\Xm¡sfsbñmw almòmcpam¡pópsbóXmWv kXyw. ]ïmtcm ]dªXpt]mse Fñmw P\¯n \pthïnbmsWóv HmÀ¡pt¼mÄ am{XamsWmcm izmkw. Cu t\Xm¡òmcpw P\{]Xn\n[nIfpan sñ¦nepw P\¯n\v bmsXmópw kw`hn¡pónñmsb óXmWv asämcp kXyw. kz´w t\«§Ä¡pthïnbpw kpJ¯n\pthïnbpw {]hÀ¯n¡pó Cu Iq«scbpw P\w shdp¡pópsbóXmWv Hcp bmYmÀ°yw. AXv a\Ênem¡m¯hÀ ChÀ am{XamWv. P\¯nsâ I®nð s]mSnbn«psImïv Ahsc hnUvVnIfm¡n {]hÀ ¯n¡pó B«n³ tXmen« P\tkhIcpsS tXmegn ªpsImïncn¡pIbmWn t¸mÄ. sXmen¡«n Iïm arK¯nt\¡mÄ IqSpXembXn\mð AXpw AhÀ s¡mce¦mcamWv. Hcp hkvXpXbpïv CXnð icnbmcv sXämcv FóXv. Btcm]W¯nð icnbpw sXäpanñ. Btcm]Ww am{Xw. AXnð BÀ¡pw ]cn¡p]änñ. Bcpw ]Xdpópanñ.

HtIm \qmntesd ]gap tIm{Kv F {]m\w AkvXabntetm ?

C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯nð \nóv tIm¬{KÊv Fó {]Øm\w ambv¡s¸SpIbmtWm. C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯nse tIm¬{KÊv Fó kqcy³ AkvXan¡pIbmtWm. Cu ASp¯ kab¯v Aôv kwØm\§fnð \Só XncªSp¸nse hn[n \nÀ®b¯n\p tijamWv C§s\ Hcp tNmZyw F§p \nópapbÀóp XpS§nbXv. cïv kwØm\§fnð _n. sP.]n.bpw. HcnS¯v tIm¬{KÊpw aäv cïnS¯v BÀ¡pw `qcn]£anñmsXbpw hcnIbpïmbn. tI{µ¯nð A[nImchpw ssIbb¨p klmbn¡m³ hyhkmbnIfp apïmbXpsImïv _n. sP.]n. ssI¿me ]pd¯ncpó tX§sb X§fpsS `mKt¯¡v XÅnbn«v _n.sP. ]n. B cïv kwØm\§fpw X«n¸dns¨Sp¯psbómWv s]mXpkwkmcw. Fómð AXv tIm¬{KÊn\v sImSp¯ ASnbmbn«mWv Ahsc FXnÀ¡póhcpsS A`n{]mbw. X{´]qÀÆw Icp¡Ä \o¡nbncpsó¦nð B cïv kwØm\§fpw X§Äs¡m¸amIpsaóv tIm¬{Kkvt]mepw ]dªpXpS§nbncn¡póp. C§s\ t]mbmð tIm¬{KÊv HópañmXmIpsaómWv ]ecptSbpw A`n{]mbw. HtóImð \qämïntesd ]g¡apÅ tIm¬{KÊv C´ybpsS Poh \mUnbmbncpóp. tIm¬ {KÊpImcñm¯hsc HcpXcw shdpt¸msStbm, AIð¨tbmsStbm P\w Iïncpó Imeapïmbncpóp. A{XIïv P\a\ÊpIfnð tIm¬{KÊv Fó {]Øm\w B[n]Xyw t\Snbn«pïv. Fómð Imew amdnb X\pkcn¨v tIm¬{KsÊó {]Øm\¯nsâ {]kàn CñmXmIpIbpw P\a\ÊpIfnð \nóv AXv A{]Xy £ambns¡mïncn¡pIbpw sN¿pópthm Fóv kwibnt¡ïnbncn¡póp. C´y apgph³ ]SÀóp]´en¨ tIm¬{KsÊó hShr£w inJnc§Ä DW§n CesImgnªv iàn£bn¨psImïncn¡pópsbóv ]dbpI Xsó sN¿mw. C´ybnse Fñm kw Øm\§fnepw `cWapïmbncpó tIm¬{KÊv Cóv Npcp§n hncense®mhpó kwØm\§fnembncn¡póp. tIm¬{KÊnsâ Cu ZpchØbv¡p ImcWw \nch[nbmWv. AXnð Hóv {]kwKn¨pam{Xw ioeapÅ ]Wn sbSp¡m³ Adnbm¯ t\Xm¡òmcmWv. {]kvXmh\¡¸pdw {]hÀ¯n¡pó t\Xm¡òmcpsS {]Øm\ambn tIm¬{KÊv amdn¡gn ªp. \b\mÀ ]dbpwt]mse ^oðUnend§msX {]hÀ¯n¡póhÀ. IpSpw_m[n]Xyhpw t\Xm¡òmcpsS hyànXmev]cyhpamWv asämóv. s\lvdphnsâ ImewsXm«v tIm¬{KÊns\ Hcp Xdhm«v kz¯m¡n amäm³ XpS§nsbóp thWw IcpXm³. Xsâ ]n³Kmanbmbn Xsâ aIÄ Fó IW¡pIq«enð Aóv At\Iw t\Xm¡òmÀ tIm¬{KÊnepïmbn«pw Cµncsb sImïphcm³ s\lvdp Icp¡Ä \o¡pIbpïmbn. kwØm\§fnse tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡tfbpw \nb{´n¡m³ Cµnc¡v s\lvdp au\m\phmZw \ðInbXv tIm¬{KÊnð s]m«ns¯dn¡p ImcWambn. tZimbn P\Poh³dmw ssh._n. NÆm³ XpS§nb Hcp h³\nc Cµncbvs¡Xnsc Xncnªp. AXv C´ysb ASnb´cmhØhscsb¯n¨p. tZimbnbpw Nc¬knwKpw PKPoh³ dmapw AtXmsS tIm¬{Kkv hn«v asämcp ]mÀ«n¡v cq]w \ðIn. tPmÀÖv s^À®mïkpw Pbv{]Imiv \mbmcW\pw AhtcmsSm¸w tNÀóv s]mXp XncsªSp¸ns\ t\cn«t¸mÄ C´ybnð B Zy tIm¬{KtÊXc a{´n k` hóp. CµncmKmÔn tIm¬{KÊnsâ ISnªm¬ GsäSp¯t¸mÄ apXð Xsâ ]n³Kmanbmbn AhcpsS Cfb aI³ kRvPbv KmÔnsb {]Jym]n¡pIbmWpïmbXv. kRvPbv KmÔn bpsS ZmcpWm´yt¯msS tIm¬{KÊnð IpSpw_m[n ]Xyw CñmXmIpsaóv Fñmhcpw IcpXn. Fómð B [mcWbv¡p amäw hcp¯ns¡mïv cmjv{Sob¯nsâ _me ]mT§Ä t]mepw Adnbm¯ ss]eämbncpó aq¯ aI³ cmPohv KmÔnsb tIm¬{KÊnsâ P\dð sk{I«dnbm¡nsImïv CµncmKmÔn B {]Øm\s¯ KmÔn IpSpw_¯nð Xf¨n«p. cmPohnsâ Zmcp Wm´y¯n\ptijw Iptd¡mew am{XamWv tIm¬{Kkv KmÔn IpSpw_¯nð \nóv amdn \nóXv. ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯IcpsS \nÀ_Ô¯n\p hg§nbmWv tkm WnbmKmÔn tIm¬{KÊnsâ t\XrXzw GsäSp¯sX¦nepw Ahcpw s\lvdp hns\bpw CµncmKmÔntbbpw t]mse ]mÀ«nsb cmlpðKmÔnbnð¡qSn IpSpw_¯nð Xf¨nSm\mWv {ian¨Xv.   A§s\ kzX{´ C´ysXm«v Cóphsc tIm ¬{KÊv {]Øm\w Hcp Ip Spw_¯nð am{Xambn H Xp§nsbóv hnaÀi\w B {]Øm\s¯ Cóv XIÀ ¡pópthmsbóv Nn´n ¡Ww. ssl¡amâv Fó tIm¬{KÊnsâ kp{][m\ hpw ]ctamóXhpamb k anXnsbómð KmÔn IpSpw _saóp ]dbmw. GXv Xo cpam\saSp¯mepw ssl ¡amâv Fóv ]dªmð tIm¬{Kkv {]knUânsâ Xocpam\amWv CµncmKm ÔnbpsS Imew sXm«v C óphsc AXmWv tIm¬{K Ênð Dïmbn«pÅXv. tIm ¬{KÊns\ Gähpw IqSpX ð Imew \bn¨n«pÅXpw KmÔn IpSpw_ambncpóp sbóXmWv asämcp {]tXy IX. A§s\ Hcp IpSpw_ ¯nsâ \nb{´W¯nem bncpóp tIm¬{KÊv Fó alm{]Øm\w. CXv KpWhpw tZmjhpapïm¡nbn«pïv. IpSpw_m[n]Xy¯nsâ ]nSnbeaÀót¸mÄ Icp¯cmb ]e t\Xm¡fpw tIm¬{K Ênð \nóv ]pd¯pt]mbn. NneÀ ]pd¯m¡s¸«p. A Xv ]mÀ«nsb ]ebnS¯pw XfÀ¯n. bp.]n.bpw Z£n tW´y³ kwØm\§fnð NnebnS¯pw tIm¬{Kkn \v iàn £bn¡m³ Imc Ww CXp Xsóbmbncpóp. ]e kab§fnepw tIm¬{KÊnð \nóv iàcmb t\Xm¡òmÀ t\XrXz¯nsâ FXnÀ¸nt\bpw AhKW\tbbpw XpSÀóv ]pd¯pt]mbn«pïv. AhÀ¡p ]Icw asämcp t\Xmhv tIm¬{KÊnsâ t\XrXz\ncbnte¡v hón«nñmsbóXpw ]Ic¡mcmb t\Xm¡ òmÀ iàtcm t\XrXz KpWapÅhtcm Bbncpónñ. Cóv Hcp \ñ {]kvXmh\ t]mepw Cd¡m³ IgnhpÅ t\Xm¡òmÀ tIm¬{KÊn enñmsbóp ]dbmw. Hcp Ime¯v tIm¬{Kkv hàmhv Fóp ]dbmw. Ne ¨n{X\Sn Jpiv_phmWv Cóv tIm¬{KÊnsâ Hcp hàmhv. At¸mÄ Xsó Duln¡mw CXv F{Xam{Xw icnbmsWóv. BZÀiw am{Xw ssI¿nepÅ BÀ¡pw thïm¯ Nne t\XrXz\ncbmWv Cóv Uðlnbnencpóv tkmWnb KÔntbbpw cmlpð KmÔntbbpw \nb{´n¡póXv. tIcf¯n encpóv BZÀiw Ifn¨v B scms¡tbmIqSn Bfm¡n b t\Xmhn\v bp.]n.bnse Pm«v cmjv{Sob¯nsâ X{´ hpw a{´hpw Adnbm³ Ignbnñ. `qcn]£¯nsâ hÀ¤ob aÀ½¯nð sXm«v ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯pI bpw XncsªSp¸pIsf t\ cnSpIbpw sNbvX _n.sP. ]n.bpsS X{´¯n\p adpa cpóv \ðIn Xncn¨Sn¡m³ tIm¬{KÊn\v Ignbpónñ. AXn\v X{´§Ä sa\bm ³ X¡ NmWIyòmÀ Cóv tIm¬{KÊnenñm¯Xpw asämcp ImcWamWv. Fóncpómepw tIm¬ {KÊv Cópw P\§fpsS a \Ênð Øm\w ]nSn¨n«p ïv. AXnsâ sXfnhmWv ] ôm_nse AhcpsS Xncn ¨phchv. tKmhbnepw aWn ¸qcnepw AhÀ Xgbs¸«nñ. tIm¬{KÊv Cóv XIÀ ópsImïncn¡pópsbóp ]dbpt¼mÄ P\w B {] Øm\s¯ DbÀ¯ns¡m ïphó Ncn{XamWpÅXv. ASnb´ncmhØsb XpSÀ ópÅ temIk`m Xnc sªSp¸nð Dcp¡ph\nX bpw tIm¬{KÊnsâ Bth ihpw Bew_hpw Ahkm \hm¡pambncpó Cµncm KmÔnt]mepw XIÀóSn ªt¸mÄ, P\XmZÄ h³ IpXn¨pIbäw \S¯nbt¸m Ä Fñmhcpw hn[nsbgpXn tIm¬{KÊv XIÀópsbóv. Aóv CµnctbmsSm¸w hn. ]n.knwKpw ]´pw `K¯pw XpS§nb cïmw\nc t\Xm ¡sf DïmbncpópÅp. C µncmKmÔn cmjv{Sob h\ hmk¯ns\mcp§pIhscbp ïmbncpóp sbómWv ]d bs¸«ncpóXv. Fón«pw F ¬]Xnse XncsªSp¸nð P\w Ahsc ssI]nSn¨pb À¯n. Pbnðhmkw hsc Aós¯ tIm¬{Kkv {] knUân\v t\cntSïnhóp. AgnaXnbmtcm]W§ fnðs¸«v {][m\a{´nbpw tIm¬{KÊv ]mÀ«n {]knUâpambncpó \cknwldmhp \«wXncnbpIbpw ]mÀ«nsb \mWw sISp¯pIbpw sNbvXtijw tIm¬{Kkv X IÀ¨bpsS h¡nembncpóp. ]mÀ«nsb \bn¡m³ BcpanñmsX hóXns\ XpSÀóv ]mÀ«nbpsS {SjdÀ am{Xambncpó koXmdmw tIkcnsb {]knUâmt¡ï KXn tISmbncpóp ]mÀ«n¡pïmbncpóXv. Aóv Fñmhcpw hn[nsbgpXn tIm¬{KÊv XIcpsaóv. Fómð adn¨mbncpóp kw`hn¨Xv. AhnsS tIm¬{KÊn\v Hcp DbÀs¯gptóð¸v tkmWnbm KmÔnbnð¡qSn Dïmbnsbóp ]dbmw. AXn\ptijw hmPvt]bv AUzm\n Iq «psI«nð _n.sP.]n. iàn {]m]n¡pIbpw `cWw ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡pIbpw sN bvXt¸mgpw tIm¬{KÊn\v iànb£bapïmbn. a³ taml³knw§nð IqSn P \w hoïpw tIm¬{KÊns\ iàns¸Sp¯n. Cµncbv¡p tijw XpSÀ¨bmbn C´y bpsS {][m\a{´nbmIm³ a³taml³knwMn\p Ign ªp. hoïpsamcp DbÀs¯ gptóð¸v tIm¬{KÊn\p ïmIpsaóp Xsó Icp Xmw. `qcn]£hmZ¯nsâ bpw aäpw ad]nSn¡pó _n. sP.]nbpw {]Xybimkv {X¯nsâ hmenð Xq§n¡n S¡pó CSXp]£¯n sâbpw {]mtZinI hmZhpambn \S¡pó Fkv.]n.bpw _n.Fkv.]n.bpw Un.Fw. sI.bpw F.sF.Un.Fw.sI.bpw sXep¦ptZihpw atX XcXztZiobX Hcn¡epw Dïm¡nsbSp¡m³ Ignbnñ. B kXyw P\w Xn cn¨dnbpt¼mÄ tIm¬{KÊv iàn {]m]n¡pw. {]Øm\w iàn {]m]n¡m³ BZyw sNt¿ïXv IÀ½ \ncXcmb t\Xm¡fpsS Hcp \ncbpïm¡nsbSp ¡pIsbóXmWv. Nm\ð cmjv{Sobw \S¯póhtc ¡mÄ ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯póXv {]hÀ¯Icpambn ASp¯nS]gIpó t\ Xm¡fmWv. A§s\bpÅ hsc Isï¯n t\XrXz Øm\t¯¡v sImïph tcïnbncn¡póp. AXnep]cn Atacn¡bnð ]Tn¨ Xnbdnbñ C´ybnse {]mtbmKnI cmjv{Sobsaóv cmlpðKmÔn a\Ênemt¡ ïXpamWv. hn«pt]mbhsc Xncn¨p sImïphcm\pw `qcn]£ \yq\]£ thÀXncnhv \S¯n aX¯nsâ t]cnð a\pjysc X½neSn¸n¨v A[nImcw ]nSn¨S¡póhcpsS apJwaqSn Ducm \pw Ignªmð tIm¬{KÊv ]ôm_nð Xncn¨phóXnt\¡mÄ iàntbmsS Xncn¨phcm\mIpw.

ssIqph Imcymcs\XmWv Ctm Cy P\m[n]Xynse nXn, sʳ kmayqh FgpXpq

Gsd BImw£tbmsS Im¯ncpó D¯À{]tZiv, D¯cmJÞv, ]ôm_v, tKmh, aWn¸qÀ sXcsªSp¸pw ^e{]Jym]\hpw Ignªp. D¯À{]tZipw, D¯cmJÞpw _n.sP.]n. ssI ¸nSnbnsemXp¡nbt¸mÄ ]ôm_v tIm¬{KÊv Xncn¨p]nSn¨p. tKmhbpw aWn¸qcpw tIm¬{KÊnsâ ssIIfnð F¯nsb¦nepw _n.sP.]n. AXv X«n¸dns¨Sp¯p. P\m[n]Xy acymZIÄ ]men¡msX A[nImchpw ]Ws¡mgp¸pw Im«nbmWv tKmhbpw aWn¸qcpw tIm¬{KÊnsâ ssIIfnð \nóv X«n¸dns¨Sp¯sXóv hnaÀin¡s¸Spt¼mÄ ssI ¿q¡pÅh³ Imcy¡mcs\óXmWv Ct¸mÄ C´y³ P\m[n]Xy¯nse ØnXnsbóv tNmZyapbcpóp. tKmhbpw aWn¸qcpw Xq¡pk`Ifmbncpóp. CcpkwØm\§fnepw tIm¬{KÊv Gähpw henb Hä I£nbmWv. kzX{´À ChnsS \nÀ®mbI iànbpambncpóp. Xq¡pk`IÄ h ómð P\m[n]Xy acymZb \pkcn¨v KhÀ®À Gähpw henb Hä I£nsb a{´n k` cq]oIcn¡m³ hnfn¡mw. ChnsS A§s\sbmcp Iogvhg¡w ]men¡s¸«nsñóXmWv ]cs¡bpÅ hnaÀi\w. AXn\p]Icw Gähpw henb Hä I£nbmb ]mÀ«nsb ]nfÀ¯n `q cn]£w Dïm¡nsbSp¡pó Xc¯nepÅ hneIpdª X{´amWv ChnsS sNbvXXt{X. CXv _n.sP.]n.sb {]Xn¡q«nem¡póp. bp.]n.bnepw D¯cmJÞnepw AhÀ t\Snb hnPb ¯nsâ amäp Ipdbv¡póXmWv tKmhbntebpw aWn¸qcntebpw A[nImc¯n \pthïn \Só IpXnc¡¨ hSat{X. Xq¡pk`IÄ hcpt¼msgms¡ A[nImcmw ]nSns¨Sp¡m³ A[nImc IpXnc¡¨hSw \S¯nbn«pïv P\m[n]XycmPysaóv DuäwsImÅpó \½psS C´ybnð. Nm¡n«p ]nSp ¯hpw ]Ww hmcnsbdnªpÅ IfnIfpw F´n\v aZyhpw aZncm£nbpw hsc A[nImcw ssI¸nSnbn semXp¡phm³ thïn D]tbmKn¡mdpïv. Cu ASp¯Ime¯v Xangv\m«nð iinIe {Kq¸v apJya{´n Itkc IhÀsóSp¡m³ \nbak`mwK§sf ]ô\£ {X tlm«enð Xmakn¸n¨v AhÀ¡v BhiyapÅsXñmw \ðInsbómWv ]db s¸SpóXv. AXv Gsd hnhmZw krjvSn¨pshópam{Xañ C´y³ P\m[n]Xy ¯n\v If¦w NmÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXp. CXv Häs¸« kw`hañ. CXnð tIm¬{KÊpw _n.sP.]n.bpw aäp ]mÀ«nI fpw C§s\bpÅ cmjv{So b \mSI§Ä¡v IpXnc¡ ¨hS¯n\v Iq«p\nón«pïv. P\Xm kÀ¡mÀ cmPnh¨ t¸mÄ Nc¬knwKv A[n Imc¯nð Ibdm³ \S¯n b cmjv{Sob \mSI¯n\v apónð Cµncbpw aäpw cl kyambpw ]ckyambpw Iq «p\nóp FómWv ]dbs¸ SpóXv. N{µtiJdpw tZh KuUbpw {][m\a{´namcm bn A[nImc¯nð Ibdn bt¸mÄ kn.]n.Fw. DÄs¸ sSbpÅ CSXp]£ ]mÀ«n IÄ cmjv{Sob Icp¡Ä \o ¡m³ Fñm cmjv{Sobacym ZIfpw adóv {]hÀ¯n¨p sbóv hnaÀi\w DbÀón cpóp. A[nImcw In«m\pw A[nImcw A«nadn¡m\pw C§s\ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nI Ä A[nImc IpXnc¡¨h Sw \S¯nb Ncn{Xw C´y bnð [mcmfapïv. AXnð BZÀi]mÀ«nsbtóm h À¤ob ]mÀ«nsbtóm sXm gnemfn ]mÀ«nsbtóm tZ iob ]mÀ«nsbtóm kw Øm\ ]mÀ«nsbtóm DÅ hyXymkanñ. tImSnIÄ hmcnsbdnªv ]Ww sImïpÅ IfnIfmWv CXnseñmsaó XmWv Hcp \ákXyw. Cu ]Ww hmcnsbdnªpÅ cm jv{Sob Ifn¡v ]Ww apS ¡póXv ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òm tcm ]mÀ«n ^ïnð \ntóm Añ. adn¨v Ahsc ]n´p Wbv¡pó AhcpsS kz´ ¡mcmb hyhkmbnItfm Bbncn¡pw. ChÀ ]Ww apS¡p óXv cmjv{S\òsb IcpXn tbm, cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nItfm SpÅ kvt\lw sImtïm Xmev]cyw sImtïm Añ. adn¨v X§Ä¡v hyàn]c amb t\«apïm¡m\mWv. C§s\ A[nImc¯nse ¯nbhÀ BZyw klmbn ¡pI X§sf sXcsªSp ¯phn« P\s¯bñ adn¨v X§sf klmbn¨hscbm sWóv ap³Ime§fnð C ´ybnð \Só IpXnc¡¨ hS¯nð¡qSn A[nImc ¯nð Ibdnb a{´nk`I fpw a{´namcpw XpdópIm«n bn«pïv. HcpIme¯v tI{µ a{´nk`bnse AwK§sf t¸mepw \nÝbn¨ncpóXv Aós¯ C´ybnse {] apJ hyhkmbnIfmbncp óp. C¯c¯nepÅ hyh kmbnIfpsS Xmev]cy¯n \\pkcn¨pÅhscbmbncpóp Asóms¡ [\a{´namcm bn \nÝbn¡mdv. {]tXyIn ¨v Iq«pa{´nk`IÄ Dïm bncpót¸mÄ P\XmZfnsâ ]n´pW ]n³hen¡m³ Nn e Iq«pI£nIÄ X¿mdmb t¸mÄ AXn\p XSbnSm³ AXnsâ t\Xm¡òmÀ A ós¯ C´ybnse hyh kmb {]apJcpsS ho«p]Sn ¡ð Imhð InSón«psï ómbncpóp Aós¯ A §mSn¸m«v. AXnsâ ]nón se clkysas´óv ]dbm sX Xsó P\¯n\dnbmw. A§s\ Fñm Im ehpw sXcsªSp¸pIfnð Xq¡pk`Ifnð `qcn]£ apïm¡n sbSp¡m³ ]Ww sImïv Ifn¡póXv A[n Imcw sImïv AanX em` apïm¡m³ {ian¡pó hy hkmbnIfmWv. AXn\v A hÀ¡v AhcpsS ImcpWyw sImïv A[nImc¯nse ¯nbhÀ hmcnt¡mcn\ð IpsaóXv ]dtbïXnñ tñm. A§s\ ]Wand¡n ]Ww sIm¿pó X{´w A XmWv Xq¡pk`Ifnse A [nImc IpXnc¡¨hS¯n sâ A\´c^ew. IpXnc ¡¨hSw \S¯póhÀ¡pw AXn\v Iq«p\nð¡póh À¡pw AXnð ]¦ptNcpó hÀ¡pw Hcpt]mse em`w In«pw CXnð¡qSn. CXv CcpsNhnbdn bmsX cmjv{Sob hyhkm bnI Iq«psI«nsâ clky hym]mcsaóp Xsó ]d bmw. CXpsImïv P\¯n \p \jvSansñóv {]Xy£ ¯nð Nn´n¡psa¦nepw \jvSw P\¯n\papïv. Cu hyhkmbnIÄ AhcpsS D ev]ó§fpw aäpw AhÀ¡v CjvSapÅ{X em`w In«pó coXnbnembncn¡pw C´y bnse amÀ¡äpIfnð F ¯pI. AXns\ tNmZyw sN¿m³ DtZymKØÀt¡m Ahsc \nb{´n¡pó `c WtaJet¡m Ignbnbnñ. A§s\ Fs´¦nepw C §s\ `cW¯ntednbhÀ sNbvXmð AhcpsS ]mew hen¡m³ Cu hyhkmbn IÄ¡v Ignbpw adpX{´ ap]tbmKn¨v. Xq¡pk`IfpsS a sämcp tZmjw AXnð cq]o Icn¡pó a{´nk`IÄ F t¸mgpw NmômSns¡mïn cn¡psaóXmWv. Cu Øn cXbnñmbva¡p ImcWw hn cense®mhpó AwK§fp sS `qcn]£¯nembXp Xsó. ChÀ sXcsªSp¸n ð aÕcn¨Xv AhcpsS A Pï {]ImcamWv. AXv a {´nk` cq]oIcn¡pó cm jv{Sob ]mÀ«nbptSXn\v hn ]coXambn«mbncn¡pw. F ómð a{´nk` cq]oIcn ¡m³ thïn cmjv{Sob ]m À«n Ahsc hnes¡Sp¡p t¼mÄ AXv Xmð¡menI ambn am{Xsa amdpIbpÅp. AXv GXp\nanjhpw amä s¸Smw. hnebvs¡Sp¡s¸ Spó C¡q«À CXnt\¡mÄ sa¨ambtXm em`Icamb tXm In«psaóv Iïmð In «pónSt¯¡v t]mIpsaó XmWv kXyw. C´ybnse ]e kwØm\§fnepw X IÀóXpw DZn¨Xpw AXn\p ZmlcWambn«pïv. F´n\v \½psS tIcf¯nð Xsó AXn\pZmlcWambn ]e a{´nk`Ifpapïv. tIcf ]ndhn apXð F¬]¯n cïv hsc ]e a{´nk`IÄ DÛhn¨Xn\pw XIÀóXn \pw AXmbncpóp ImcWw. `cW A«nadn \S¯m³ Xq ¡pk`t]mse asämónñ. C§s\ Xq¡pk`sbóXv Xq§n¡nS¡pó Hcp k`bn ð AXnð cq]oIcn¡pó a{´nk` BSns¡mïncn ¡p óXpamWv. P\m[n]Xyt¯bpw P \t¯bpw Hcpt]mse Ifn ¸n¡pIbpw I_fn¸n¡pI bpw sN¿póXmWv Xq¡p k`Ifnð cq]oIcn¡pó a {´nk`IÄ. B a{´nk` sb al¯mb Imcyambn AXv cq]oIcn¡pó cmjv{So b ]mÀ«nIÄ Nn{XoIcn¡p óXv Aev]¯cw Xsó bmWv. A[nImc IpXnc¡ ¨hSw \¡pónS¯v F§ s\ \njv]£hpw \oXn]q ÀÆhpambsXóv ]dbm³ Ignbpw. P\§Ä¡v ]qÀ® ambn AwKoIcn¡m¯Xn s\ ]Ww sImSp¯v Aw KoImcw t\SpóXv AXv I hÀsóSp¡póXn\v Xpey amsWóv Xsó ]dbmw. AXv GXv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ «nIÄ sNbvXmepsaóp X só ]dbmw. P\m[n]Xyhpw kwip² `cWhpw thWsa óm{Kln¡pó t\Xm¡ òmÀ Hcn¡epw Xq¡pk `Ifnð A[nImcw ssI¿ S¡m³ Iq«p \nð¡cpXv. A§s\ Iq«p \nð¡pó XmtWm P\m[n]Xy hyh ØnXn AwKoIcn¡pó H cp cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbpsS ap Jap{Z. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nI Ä¡v X{´§fmImw Hcn¡ epw IpX{´§Ä {]tbmKn ¡cpXv. A§s\ hcpt¼m Ä P\§Ä Ahsc AwKo Icn¡msX hcpw. tZiob ]mÀ«nIsfóp ho¼nf¡nb ]e cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw Cóv C´ybnð \nóv A{] Xy£ambn s¡mïnc¡pó Xv AXpsImïmWv.

h\nXmZn\mNcWn kv{Xo]oU\w \S ssZhnsd kzw \m-Sv

Hcn¡ð \mb\mÀ Atacn¡³ kµÀi\w Ignªv tIcf¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ ]dbpIbpïmbn Atacn¡bnð _emðkwKw \½Ä NmbIpSn¡pw t]m-sebmsWóv. At±l¯nsâ B {]kvXmh\ tIcf¯nð DbÀ¯nb hnhmZw Nnñd sbmópañmbncpóp. Aóv {]Xn]£ t\Xmhv \½psS kz´w eoUÀ Icp-WmIc\mbncpóp. ]nsó F´m bncpóp ]pInseóv ]dbmsX Xsóbdnbmtñm. Atacn¡sb¡pdn¨mbncp-óp ]dªsX¦nepw eoUdpw Iq«cpw Atacn¡bpsS hàm¡fmbn cwK¯p hóp. \nbak`bnð \b\msc eoUÀ hm¡pIÄsImïv ici¿ Xsó XoÀ¯p. ip²KXn¡mc\mb \b\mÀ H-cp ck¯n\§p ]dªpt]mb XmsW¦nepw At±lw ]nóoSmWXnsâ Kuchw a\Ênem¡nbXv. ]nóoSt±lw AXv Xncp¯n ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp. Aóv Atacn¡³ aebmfnIfpw AhcpsS tZiob kwLS\bpw, Aóv Hcp kwLS\sb Dïm-bncpópÅp. F§s\bmWv {]XnIcn¨sXódnbnñ. AhÀ {]XnIcn¨pImWpsaóv hnNmcn¡póp. Atacn¡bnð CsXms¡ kÀÆkm[mcWsaó \nebnð aebmfnIfpsS a\Ênð AXv s]mXp[mcW Dïm¡nsbSp-¯psbóp ]dbs¸«ncpóp. Cóv \b\mcpw IcpWmIc\pw Pohn¨ncn¸nñ. Atacn¡bnð \S¡póXn t\¡mÄ F{Xtbm aS§v _emðkwKhpw kv{Xo]oU\hpw \½psS sIm¨p tIcf¯nð Cóv \S¡póp sbópthWw ]dbm³. Cu ASp¯Ime¯v tI-cf¯nð \Só kv{Xo ]o-U\¯nsâ IW¡pIÄ Xsó AXn\pZmlcWamWv. P\n¨p hogpó Ip«n apXð ]-Sphr²bmb kv{XoIÄ hsc Cóv tIcf¯nð Ima{`m´ òmcpsS CcbmIpópsbóp Xsó ]dtbïXmWv. Cu {IqcX Im«póhÀ IpähmfnIÄ am{Xañ kaql¯nð BZcn¡s¸SpIbpw AwKoIcn¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿póhcpw Cu {IqcIrXy¯n\p ]nónepïv. ]ptcmlnX\pw ]qPmcnbpw aX]ÞnX\pw ]W¡mc\pw ]mhs¸«h\pw cmjv{Sob¡mc\pw s]mXp{]hÀ¯I\pw IemImc\pw kn\nam\S\pw Fópthï kaqlw AwKoIcn¨hcpw Añm¯hcpw DÄs¸Sp-óp. kmwkvImcnI ss]XrI¯nð Duäw sImÅpó k¼qÀ® km£cXbnð A`nam\n¡pó aX ssa{Xnbnð Bthiw sImÅpó hnZymk¼ócpsS \mSmb tIcf¯nð kv{Xo ]oU\§Ä NmbIpSn¡póXnt\¡mÄ IqSpXemsWóv amän ]dtbïXmWv. Hmtcm Znhkhpw kv{Xo ]oU\¯nsâ F®w IqSn hcpópsbóp Xsó ]dbmhpóXmWv. C§s\ t]mbmð tIcf¯nse s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡pw kv{XoIÄ¡pw CÊUv ImäKdn \ðIn kpc£mkwhn[m\w Xsó \ðtIïnhcpw. km£cX Ipdª _olmÀ t]mepw C¡mcy¯nð tIcft¯¡mÄ F{Xtbm t`ZamsWóv ]dbmw. A{XIïv kv{Xo]oU\w tIcf¯nð Cóv \S¡pópïv. kv{XoIfpsS kwc£Whpw Dóa\hpw e£yam¡n sFIycmjv{S k`m h\nXmZn\mNcWw \S¯nb Znhkw t]mepw tIcf¯nð kv{XoIÄ ]oU\¯n\ncbmbn. AXpw {]mb ]qÀ¯nbmIm¯ s]¬Ip«nIÄ. h\nXmZn\mNcW¯nsâ Znhk¯nð kÀ¡mcpw kó²kwLS\Ifpw kv{XohntamN\ kwLS\Ifpw h³ ]²XnIfpw ]cn]mSnIfpw Hcp `mK¯v \S¯nbt¸mÄ asämcp `mK¯v kv{XoIÄ ]oU\¯n \ncbmIpó Zb\ob ImgvNbmWv ImWm³ IgnªXv. kv{Xo kpc£sb óXv tIhew hm¡pIfn semXp§n. kv{Xo ]oU\w tIcf¡cbnet§mfan t§mfw kzX{´hnlmcw \S¯pt¼mÄ AXv tIcfs¯ FhnsS sNsó¯n ¡psaómWv Ct¸mgpÅ tNmZyw. Iuamc¯nð t]mepsa¯m¯ F«pw s]m«pw Xncnbm¯ sIm¨pIp«nIsft¸mepw ]oU\¯n\ncbm¡pt¼mÄ AXv at\m sshIrXamtWm A§s\ hcpt¼mÄ tIcfw Hcp {`m´mebamtWm. ]ïv kzman hnthIm\µ³ tIcfs¯ t\m¡n {`m´mebsaóv hnfn¨Xv ChnSps¯ PmXnhy hØsb ]cnlkn¨mbncpóp. Fómð Ct¸mÄ hnfn ¡póXv ssewKnI AcmN IXzw sImïmsWóp ]dbmw. Hcp Ime¯v kv{Xo ]oU\saóXv kv{XoIÄ ¡pt\scbpÅ AXn{Iatam atäm Bbn am{Xsa IïncpópÅp. Fómð Cóv kv{Xo]oU\saóXv kv{Xo IÄ¡pt\scbpÅ ssewKnI ]oU\amWv. A{XIïv kv{XoIÄ¡pt\scbpÅ ssewKnI ]oU\anóv tIc f¯nð \S¡pópïv. C¯c¯nepÅ kv{Xo]oU\w Hcp Ime¯v A]qÀÆambn am{Xw IïncpónS¯v AXv Cóv kÀÆkm[mcWambn amdn¡gnªp. Asóms¡ kv {Xo]oU\¯nð {]XntNÀ¡s¸«mð Bhyànsb Gähpw \nIrjvSPohnbmbn kaqlw Iïncpóp. AbmÄ¡v BßlXy am{Xambncpóp ]nóosSmcp amÀ¤w. AsXms¡ Hcp ]gb Imew. AXv amdn Cóv kv{Xo]oU\saóXv kÀÆkm [mcWambn. {]XnIfm¡s¸«hÀ bmsXmcp A]am\ `mchpanñmsX sskzcyhnlmcw \S¯póp. NneÀ Xmc]ZhntbmsStbm aäp NneÀ am\yXbpsS aqSp]SaWnªpw kaql¯nð \S¡póp. A]am\`bw ImcWw Bcpw BßlXybpw sN¿mdnñ. Imew amän bXmtWm Ime¯nsâ Hgp¡nðs¸«v amdnbtXm Añ. kv{Xo]oU\¯nð DóXcpw kaql¯nð am\yXbpsS aqSp]SaWnªhcpw DÄs¸«Xp Xsó. CóXv Hcp km[mcW hmÀ¯nbmbn «mWv P\w ImWpóXpw tIcf¯net§mfant§mfw CXnóv \S¡pópsbóXpw asämcp ImcWamWv. h ñt¸mgpapïmIpó hmÀ¯tbP\w {i²n¡mdpÅp. sXm®qdpIfpsS XpS¡¯nemWv kv{Xo]oU\ ]c¼cbpsS XpS¡saóp ]dbmw. a²yXncphn XmwIqdnse {]ikvXamb tImtfPnse Nne A²ym]IÀ tNÀóv AhnsS ]Tn¨ Hcp s]¬Ip«nsb ]oUn¸n¨XmWv CXnsâ XpS¡saóp ]dbmw. AXnse {]XnIsf tImSXn in£n¡pIbpïmbn. cïmw {]Xn ]nóoSv A]am\`bw ImcWw BßlXy sNbvXp. AXnsâ sXm«Sp¯ hÀjambncpóp kqcys\ñnt¡kv DïmbXv. kaql¯nse am \yòmcmbncpóp AXnepÄs¸«Xv. tIcf¯nð \nópÅ Aós¯ Hcp kla{´nbpsS t]cv Gsd¡mew AXnðs¸SpIbpïmbn. At±ls¯t]mse HcmÄ Fóv ]nóoSv B s]¬Ip«n bpsS samgnbnð¡qSn ]dbn¸n¨psbóv ]cs¡bpÅ Bt£]apïmbncpóp. ]nóoSv hnXpc ]oU\t¡Êmbncpóp tIcf¯nse kv{Xo]oU\¯nð tImfnf¡w krjvSn¨Xv. kn\nam Xmc§Ä hscbpÅhÀ AXnð {]XntNÀ¡s¸«p. sFkv{Iow ]mÀeÀ kv{Xo ]oU\¯nsâ asämcp apJambncpóp. cmjv{Sob tIcf¯nð tImfnf¡w krjvSn¨ sFkv{Iow ]mÀeÀ tI Ênð ap³a{´namcpw cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmcpÄs¸«tXmsS tIcfw Gsd¡mew hnhmZ¯neIs¸«p Fóp]dbmw. AXnsâ AesbmenIÄ tIcf¯net§mfant§mfw hoinbSn¨p. a{´nk`bpsS \ne\nð¸ns\ t]mepw AXv _m[n¨p. Iptd hnhmZapïm¡n AXv sI«S§n. A§s\ tImfnf¡w krjvSn¨Xpw Añm¯ Xpamb \nch[n kv{Xo]oU\§Ä \Sóp. hÀj¯nð Hóv FóXp amdn Hón\p ]pdsI asämómbn ame¸S¡w t]msebmWv Cóv kv{Xo]oU\w tIcf¯nð \S¡póXv. A]cnNnXtcm A{IanItfm am{Xañ kz´¡mcpw _Ôp¡fpwhsc s]¬Ip«nIfpsS am\w ]n¨n¨o´póp. Pòw \ðInb ]nXmhpw kwc£nt¡ï ktlmZc\pw hsc ]oUn¸n¡pIbpw ]n¨n¨o´pIbpw sN¿pó \nebnte ¡v \½psS tIcfw A[x]Xn¨psbóXv thZ\n¸n¡póXpXsó. Gähpw kpc£nXsaóp IcpXnb ]nXmhnsâ ssIIÄsImïpX só am\w ]n¨n¨o´s¸Sp t¼mÄ tIcf¯nð s]¬ Ip«nIÄ F{X kpc£nX bmWv. F´psImïv kmw kvImcnI ss]XrIw Im¯pkq£n¡póp Fóv AhImis¸Spó tIcf¯nð kv{XoIÄ C¯c¯nð ]oUn¸n¡s¸SpópsbóXn\v ]e D¯c§fmWv ]dbm³ IgnbpI. in£bnse Ipdhv AXnsemóv. ]oU\¯nð DÄs¸Spó {]XnIÄ¡v in£ In«nbmð Xsó tIhew hÀj§Ä am{Xsa e`n¡pópÅp. DóX\msW¦nð AbmÄ AXnð \nóv F§s\sb¦nepw c£s]Spw. ]oUn¸n¡s¸« s]¬ Ip«nsbs¡mïv hmkvXh hncp²amb Imcy§Ä ]dtªm. samgn amän ]dtªm atäsX¦nepw coXnbnð. sFkv{Iow ]mÀeÀ tIÊnð A§s\bmWv ]ecpw c£s¸«sXómWv ]dbpóXv. in£ iàhpw ITn\hpam¡Ww. \nba¯nsâ ]gpXpIÄ \ðIm¯ coXnbnð tIÊt\zjWw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ t]meokn\p IgnbWw. F{X DóX\mbmepw c£s]Sm\m Im¯ coXnbnembncn¡Ww AXv sNt¿ïXv. t]meoknsâ At\zjW¯nð {]Xn]«nIbnð HcmÄ hóp Ignªmð ]mÝmXycmPy§fnset¸mse kaql¯n\p Xsó A]ISImcnbmb Ipähmfnbmbn Häs¸Sp¯pI Xsó thWw. Cu IpähmfnIÄ¡pthïn h ¡me¯pamsb¯pó A`n`mjItcbpw Häs¸Sp¯Ww. AXpam{Xañ C§s\bpÅ IpähmfnIÄ¡pthïn X§Ä cwK¯p hcnIbnsñóv A`n`mjIcpw Xocpam\n¡Ww. cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡òmcmsW¦nð XncsªSp¸pIfnð \nóv B Poh\m´ hne¡v GÀs¸Sp ¯Ww. A§s\ Hcmfñ kaqlw HóS¦w CXn\mbn cwK¯p htcïXmWv. kaqlambncn¡Ww Hcp kv{Xo¡pw s]¬Ip«n¡psam¸w Dïmbncnt¡ïXv. AXns\m¸w X\n¡pNpäpw IgpI³ I®pIfmsWó Nn´tbmsS A]cnNnXcm bmepw ASp¸¡mcm bmepw AIew krjwSn¨ncn¡m³ kv{XoIÄ¡v IgnbWw. B tcbpw hnizkn¡m³ Ign bm¯  Cu temI¯v Bcm Wv Xsó in£n¡póXpw kwc£n¡póXpsaóv C¡me¯v hnizkn¡m³ {]bmksatómÀ¡pI. \n jvIf¦XbpsS apJt¯m sS amS{]mhnsâ ]cnip²n bpambnsb¯pó ]nôpIp ªp§sft¸mepw ss]im NnI at\m`mht¯msS t\m¡póXv Hcp Xcw am\ knI tcmKamWv. Ahsc N §e¡nt« aXnbmIq. A§ s\bpÅhsc sImSpw Ipä hmfnIfmbn IcpXn BPoh \m´w Pbnedbv¡pÅnð CtSïXpXsóbmWv. A§s\ kaql hpw AXpÄs¸Spó Fñm hn`mK§fpw kwc£Ww \ðInsb¦nte kv{XoIÄ \½psS tIcf¯nð kwc £n¡s¸SpIbpÅp. hm¡p IÄsImïv ss[cyw \ð Imw. {]hÀ¯nsImïv Im«n sImSp¡m³ IgnbWw.

k`m\hoIcWhpw Nne \ntZifpw, Nmtm Ifcn FgpXpq

GXm\pw Znhk§Ä¡pap¼v t^kv_p¡nð clkyIp¼kmcs¯ kw_Ôn¨v Rms\mcp t]mÌn«ncpóp. B t]mÌn\v {io AeIvkv Imhpw]pd¯v FgpXnb Isa³dnð k`bnð ASnØm\]cambn hcpt¯ï \hoIcWs¯ kw_Ôn¨v k`mt\XrXz¯n³sd {i²bnð s]Sp¯m³thïn ]¯v {][m\ Bhiy§Ä Ipdbv¡Wsaóv FtómSv Bhiys¸«ncpóp. F{Xtbm A`yÀ°\IÄ, F{Xtbm {]mhiyw k`bnse Aevamb t\Xm¡òmÀ sa{XmòmÀ¡pw sa{Xm³kn\Un\pw AhcpsS ]cnKW\bv¡mbn CXnt\mSIw \ðInbn«pïv. Iew Iagv¯nsh¨v shÅw Hgn¡póXpt]msebmWv kw`hn¨n«pÅXv. B\¸pd¯ncn¡póhÀ¡v ]«nsb F´n\p t]Sn¡Ww? sa{Xm³kwLw AhÀ¡pthïnbmWv \ne\nð¡póXv. hnizmknIfpsS Bßob hÀ²\hnt\m AhcpsS \nXyc£ kpc£nXam¡póXnt\m thïnbñ. km[mcW hnizmknIÄ ip²lrZbcmbXn\memWv adn¨p Nn´n¡póXv. A[nImchpw k¼¯pw kpJtemep]Xbpw IfªpIpfn¡m³ Hcp sa{Xm\pw k½Xn¡nñ. ]ïv t]m¸v setbm ]¯ma³ (Pope Leo X 1513-1521) ]dªt]mse "Since God has given us the Papacy, let us enjoy it" -bpÅ a\ØnXnbmWv \½psS sa{XmòmÀ¡papÅXv. AXñmbncpsó¦nð BßmÀ°ambn k`sb kvt\ln¡pIbpw \{kmWnk`sb Bgambn ]Tn¡pIbpw AXnse Agp¡pIÄ bYmÀ°ambn Nqïn¡mWn¡pIbpw Xncp¯en\v Blzm\w sN¿pIbpw sN¿póhcpambncpóv Cu sa{XmòmÀ¡v F´psImïv kwkmcn¨pIqSm? AevambÀ¡v ]dbm\pÅXv {ihn¡m\pÅ \ò\Êpt]mepw AhÀ¡nñ. AhcpsS ap³]nð AevambÀ Ahsc A\pkcnt¡ï shdpw ASnaIÄ am{XamWv. k` ssZhP\¯n³sd Iq«mbvabmsWóv {]kwK]oT¯nð Ibdn\nóv AhÀ X«nhnSpw, cm{ãob¡mcpsS `mjbnð. a\km£n FóXv sXm«ptX¨n«nñm¯ Ahsc \óm¡m³ \½psS IÀ¯mhotimaninlmbv¡pt]mepw km[yañ. Al¦mcamIpó taZÊv A{Xbv¡hcnð I«nbmbnt¸mbn. GXmbmepw AeIvkv Bhiys¸«Xn\mð amÀtXmam \{kmWn {InkvXym\nIfpsS ]mc¼cy§sf B[mcinebm¡n (B ]mc¼cy§fntebv¡v Xncn¨pt]mIWsaómWtñm cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \t½mSmhiys¸«ncn¡póXv. AXmWtñm k`m\hoIcW¯n³sd ImXð.) Nne \nÀtZi§Ä k`m[nImc¯n³sd {i²bnð sImïphcphm³ Rm\nhnsS hoïpw Ipdn¡pIbmWv. 1.amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]qÀÆ]mc¼cya\pkcn¨v CShI¸Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw CShImwK§fptSXmbncpóp. 1991-se ]uckvXy k`IfpsS Imt\m\IÄ {]Imcw ]ÅnIfpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw cq]Xmsa{Xm³sd kz¯mbn. B \nba¯nð amäwhcp¯n ]Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw AXn³sd bYmÀ° DSaIfmb CShImwK§Ä¡v hn«psImSp¡Ww. 2.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIÄ AhcpsS ]ÅnbpsS `cWw \nÀÆln¨ncpóXv Aevambcpw CShIbnse ]«¡mcpw IqSnb ]ÅntbmK \S]Sn{Ia{]Imcambncpóp. amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]ca{][m\amb ss]XrIhpw tIcf X\nabpambncpóp AXv.  kotdm ae_mÀ sa{Xm³ kn\Uv B ]gb ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbs¯ \nÀPoham¡n hnImcnsb D]tZin¡m³am{Xw AhImiapÅ ]mÝmXy ]mcnjvIu¬knð \S¸nem¡n. \{kmWnIfpsS al¯mb ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbs¯ AhÀ Fsótóbv¡pambn CñmXm¡n. A§s\ ]ÅnIfpsS `cWw sa{XmòmÀ ]nSns¨Sp¯p. amÀtXmam{InkvXym\nIfpsS ]ca{][m\amb ]ÅntbmK k{¼Zmbs¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n¨v ]p\cp²cn¡Ww. 3.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS k¼óamb Hcp ss]XrIambncpóp ae¦c ]Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw, Cós¯ `mjbnð]dªmð kotdm ae_mÀ k`m kn\Uv. ae¦c ]Ån¡mcpsS almtbmK¯n\pÅ D¯a DZmlcW§fmWv 1599-ð DZbt¼cqÀ ]Ånbnð tKmhm sa{Xmt¸meo¯ sat\knkv hnfn¨pIq«nb ae¦c¸Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw. AXns\ Adnbs¸SpóXv DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkv FómWv. sat\knkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯t]mepw amÀtXmam\{kmWnIfpsS ]ïpImew apXsebpÅ k`mXocpam\§Ä FSp¡pó almtbmKs¯ am\n¨p. cïmas¯ DZmlcWw ]qÀÆnI³amÀsXm«v kzoIcn¨pt]móncpó \S]Sn{]Imcw 1773-ð A¦amenbnð IqSnb ae¦c CSh¡mcpsS almtbmKw. ae¦c CShI Fó {]tbmKwsImïv ChnsS AÀ°am¡póXv ae¦c cq]XsbómWv. ]mtd½m¡ð tKmhÀWtZmdpsS 'hÀ¯am\¸pkvXIw' ImWpI. ae¦c¸Ån¡mcpsS almtbmKw Fó \{kmWn ss]XrIs¯ AYhm kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv sa{XmòmÀ Cóphsc ]p\cp²cn¨n«nñ. kotdm ae_mÀ sa{Xm³kn\Uv krãn¨v AXns\ k`mkn\Uv FóhÀ hnfn¡mdpïv. k`m]ucsc k`m`cW¯nð\nópw ]cn]qÀWambn¯só AhÀ ]pd¯m¡n. kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv cq]oIcn¡m¯Xv 'amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSpw' Fó \{kmWnIfpsS ss]XrI¯n³sd \s«sñmSn¡m³thïn am{XamWv. Cónt¸mÄ ae¦c\{kmWnIfpsS almtbmKanñ; Xocpam\saSp¡m³ A[nImcapÅ CShI]Ån s]mXptbmKanñ; hnImcnsb D]tZin¡pó ]mcnjv Iu¬knð am{Xw! F§s\bpïv h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \nÀtZin¨ k`bpsS ]qÀÆ]mc¼cy§fnte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v? A[nImcsañmw sa{XmòmcpsS ssI¿nð Ccn¡Ww. \{kmWnIÄ AhcpsS shdpw ASnaIÄ. amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`bpsS ]qÀÆss]XrIamb k`malmtbmKw hgnbpÅ ]Ån`cW k{¼Zmbw \S¸nem¡Ww. kotdm ae_mÀ k`mkn\Uv F{Xbpw thKw cq]oIcn¡Ww. 4.amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`bnð sa{XmòmÀ B[ymßnIip{iqjbnð am{Xw hym]mcn¨ncpóp. \m«psa{Xms\ \{kmWn k`bv¡v e`n¨ ImewsXm«mWv ]mÝmXycoXnbnepÅ sa{Xm³ `cWw \½psS k`bnð Bcw`n¨Xv. sa{Xm³ cq]XbpsS `cWm[nImcnbmIm³ ]mSnñ. AXv ]mÝmXy ]Ån`cW coXnbmWv. sa{XmòmÀ¡v B[ymßnI A[nImcta DïmIm³ ]msSmÅp. cq]XbpsS `uXnI\S¯n¸n\pÅ A[nImcw Aevambcpw sshZnImcpw sa{Xm\pw tNÀópÅ cq]XmtbmK¯nð \n£n]vXambncn¡Ww. A§s\ \{kmWnIfpsS ]gb cq]Xm`cWss]XrIs¯ ]p\cp²cn¡Ww. 5.do¯v Fóp]dbpó ss]XrI¯n\v ]e LSI§Ä Dïv. AXnsemcp   LSIw am{XamWv Bcm[\{Iaw. \memw \qämïpapXð ]Xn\mdmw \qämïphsc \{kmWnk` CuÌv kndnb³ (IevZmb k`) _Ôapïmbncpóp. IðZmb sa{XmòmÀ AÀ¸n¨ncpó dmkIpÀºm\ \½psS I¯\mcòmÀ AÀ¸n¨ncpónñ. DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkn\ptijw tdmkv sa{Xm\mWv \{kmWnIfpsS Bcm[\`mj kpdnbm\nbnem¡nbXv. tdmapw Nne \m«psa{XmòmcpamWv \s½ kpdnbm\n¡mcm¡m³ ]cn{ian¨Xv.  Cónt¸mÄ \s½ kpdnbm\n¡mÀ Fóv hnfn¡póXv \s½ A]am\n¡póXn\v XpeyamWv. do¯p\nÀWb¯n³sd Hcp LSIw am{Xamb Bcm[\{Ia¯n³sd ]gb `mjbpsS ASnØm\¯nð IevZmbk`bpsS ]p{Xok`bm¡n kotdm ae_mÀ k` Fóp hnfn¡póXv \aps¡m«pw tNÀóXñ. \½psS Bcm[\{Ias¯ `mcXoIcn¡pIbpw k`bpsS t]cv amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡mk` Fóm¡pIbpw thWw. 6.]Xn\mdmw \qämïpapXð ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämïphsc \{kmWnIÄ¡v e¯o³ k`bpambpw _Ôapïmbn. B k`bnse LSI§fpw \{kmWnIÄ kzmwioIcn¨p. Imem´c¯nð amÀtXmam \{kmWn k` IðZmb-e¯o³ k¦c k`bmbn ]cnWans¨óv cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð ]nXm¡òmÀ a\Ênem¡nbXn³sd ^eambn«mWv \{kmWn k`bv¡v \ãs¸«pt]mb ]qÀÆ]mc¼cy§fntebv¡v Xncn¨pt]mbn \hoIcn¡m³ ISabpsïóv Iu¬knð {]t_m[n¸n¨Xv. B {]t_m[\s¯ \m«psa{XmòmÀ A¸msS XÅn¡fªp. Xòqew, tdma³ sImtfmWnbð \S]Sn{Iaw Cópw \nÀ_m[w XpScpóp. AXntI{µoIrXamb GIm[n]Xy`cWs¯ Ac¡n«pd¸n¡m\mWv AhcpsS {iaw. Bcm[\{Iahpw k`m`cW{Iahpw amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSpw {]Imcw \hoIcn¡s¸SWw. 7.amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡mk` Hómw \qämïnð¯só Hcp tbipinjy\mð Øm]nXsa¦nepw Cónt¸mÄ B k` aqómw \qämïntem \memw \qämïntem Øm]nXamb ]uckvXy IðZmb k`bpsS ]p{Xok`bmbn tdmw B¡nbncn¡bmWv. amÀtXmam \{kmWnk`sb X\Xmb Hcp At¸mkvXenI k`bmbn tdmw {]Jym]n¡m\pÅ \S]SnIÄ sa{XmòmÀ kzoIcn¡Ww. 8.]uckvXyk`Isf _m[n¡pó Imt\m³ \nbaw tdma³ ]uckvXyk`Ifnð s]Sm¯ amÀtXmam \{kmWn It¯men¡k`bnð 1991 apXð \S¸nem ¡n. B Imt\m³ \nba kwlnXbv¡p]Icw amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS ss]XrIs¯ B[mcam¡n ]pXnb Hcp Imt\m\kwlnX F{Xbpw thKw t{ImUoIcn¡Ww. 9.amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIÄ ]ÅnIfnð hnip²cpsS kzcq]§Ä sh¨ncpónñ. hnip²tcmSpÅ AanX`àn \{kmWnIÄ¡nñmbncpóp. ]mÝmXy anjy\dnamcmWv \½psS ]ÅnIfnð cq]¡qSpIfpïm¡n hnip²sc AXnð {]Xnãn¨pXpS§nbXv. Cóv ]Wk¼mZ\¯n\mbn hnip²tcmSpÅ hW¡s¯ k` t{]mÕmln¸n¨v hnizmknIsf AÔhnizmk¯ntebv¡v XÅnhnSpIbmWv. hnip²cpsS cq]§Ä ]ÅnIfnð\nópw \o¡w sN¿Ww. kphntijm[njvTnXambn Pohn¡m³ hnizmknIsf ]Tn¸n¡Ww. 10.DZbt¼cqÀ kq\ltZmkphsc (1599) amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS I¯\mcòmÀ hnhmlnXcmbncpóp. kq\ltZmkmWv \{kmWn ]ptcmlnXcpw AhnhmlnXcmbncn¡Ww Fó ]mÝmXy e¯o³ k`m\nbaw \S¸nem¡nbXv. amÀtXmam {InkvXym\nIfpsS ]gb ]mc¼cy¯nte¡v Xncn¨pt]mbn Bhiys¸Spó sshZnIÀ¡v hnhmlw sN¿m\pÅ A\phmZw \ðIm\pÅ \S]Sn kzoIcn¡Ww. 11.{InkvXob \yq\]£¯n³sd t]cnð Kh¬sa³dv \ðInbncn¡pó AhImi§Ä sa{Xmòmcpw sshZnIcpw I\ymkv{XnIfpaS§pó k`bnse \yq\]£amWv Cóv A\p`hn¡póXv. Aevambsc apgph\mbn B B\pIqey§fnð\nópw AIän\nÀ¯nbncn¡bmWv. Fómð k`m]ucscbpw Fñm Xe§fnepw `mKhm¡m¡m\pÅ amä§Ä k`bnð hcp¯Ww. 12.amÀtXmam \{kmWn {InkvXym\nIfpsS Ncn{Xhpw ]mÝmXy/]uckvXy tdma³k`IfpsS Ncn{Xhpw thZ]mT¢mkpIfnð {][m\ hnjbambn ]Tn¸n¡Ww. amÀtXmam ss]XrIs¯¸änbpÅ Bgamb Adnhv Fñm \{kmWnIÄ¡pw e`n¡Ww. Npcp¡n¸dªmð cïmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knð \nÀt±in¨{]Imcw \½psS k`sb ]p\cp²cn¨v \hoIcn¡póXn\p]Icw ]Ånbpw ]Ånkz¯p¡fpw ]Ån`cWhpw sa{XmòmÀ ]nSns¨Sp¡pIbpw IðZmb  Bcm[\{Iaw \S¸nem¡pIbpw amÀtXmam \{kmWn k`sb IðZmb k`bpsS ]p{Xok`bm¡pIbpw ]uckvXy Imt\m³ \nbaw \{kmWnIfpsStað sI«ntbev]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. \mfnXphsc kotdm ae_mÀ sa{XmòmÀ \S¯nb k`m\hoIcW¯nð _lp`qcn]£w k`m]uccpw AXr]vXcmsWó hkvXpX XÀ¡aä ImcyamWv. BbXn\mð {kmWnIfpsS PohnX coXnbmbncpó (way of life) amÀtXmambpsS amÀKhpw hgn]mSn³sdbpw ASnØm\¯nð amä§Ä hcp¯m³ k`m[nImcnIfpw kóykvXcpw k`m]uccpw Hómbn ]cn{ian¡psaóv {]Xymin¡póp.

Hp Xnh shw IpSns, sshZnIs ]oU\spdnv sk lyp̳ FgpXp teJ\w

sshZnIsâ ]oU\IY am[ya§fnð \ndwsh¨pw shbv¡msXbpw \nd-ªmSpIbmWv. AXv It¯men¡ k`tbbpw sshZnI temIt¯bpw Xsó \mWw sISp¯nsbóXmWv kXyw. sXäp sNbvXpsbóp am{Xañ, AXv adbv¡m³ AXnt\¡mÄ henb sXäp sNbvXpsbóXmWv t]meokv At\zjW¯nð¡q-Sn Isï¯nbncn¡póXv. Hcp sXäns\ adbv¡m³ H-cmbncw sXsäó \nebv¡mWv At±lw sNbvXXv. A-Xv It¯men¡mk`tbbpw sshZnI kaqlt¯bpw HóS¦w Icnhmcnt¯¨psbóXmWv kXyw. AhnhmlnXcmb sshZnIscñmhcpw kv{Xo ew_Sòmcpw hnip² PohnXw \bn¡m¯hcpw Xt´mónIfpamsWó co-Xnbnte¡pw Ahscsbms¡ hnhmlw Ign¸n¡Wsa-ópapÅ A`n{]mbw ]e`mK¯p \nópw Dbcpópïv. sshZn Isc hnhmlw Ign¸n¡m³ A\phZn¡m¯ It¯men¡mk`sb \ninXambn hnaÀin¡pópïv Hcp henb hn`mKw. sshZnIsc F´p sImïv hnhmlw Ign¸n¨p IqSmsbóXmWv ChÀ tNmZn¡póXv. hnhmlw I-gn¸n¨mð CXns\ms¡ Hcp ]cnlmcw ImWm³ IgnbpsaóXmWv ChÀ¡v ]dbm\pÅXv. sshZnIsc hnhmlw Ign¸n¡m³ A\phZn¨mð CXns\ms¡ ]-cnlmcw ImWm³ Ignbptam. IpSpw_PohnXw \bn¡pó sshZnIcpsS t]cnepw ]oU\t¡kpIfpw aäpw tIcf¯nepïmbn«pïv. hnhmlw Ign¸n¡pIsbóXp sImïp am{Xw CXns\mcp ]cnlmcw ImWm³ I-gnbnñ. ChnsS k`bv¡p amäw hcpóXnt\¡mÄ hyànIÄ¡mWv amäw htcïXv. It¯men¡mk`bnð ]¯p hÀjt¯mfamWv sshZnI ]T\¯n\mbn Hcp hyàn Nnehgn¡pI. CXc k`IÄ Aôp apXð Ggp hÀjw hsc. Cu ]T\¯n-\nSbnð ssZhimkv{Xhpw k`m]T\hpw IpSpw_ PohnXs¯¡pdn¨pw ]Tn-¸n¡pópïv. Cu Imebfhnð ]T\w Dt]£n¨v t]mIm³ A\phmZhpw \ðIpópïv. ]¯p hÀjs¯ ]T-\w Ignªv Xncphkv{Xw \ðIpóXn\p ap³]p hsc AhÀ¡v CjvSPohnXw XncsªSp¡m³ It¯men¡mk` A\phZn¡póp. AhtcmSv tNmZn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\ptijw am{Xsa AhÀ¡v ]«w \ðIpIbpÅp. Fómð ]«w In«n¡gnbpt¼mÄ Ahcnð ]eÀ¡pw X§Ä kzX{´-cmbnsbó Nn´mKXn-bpïmIpw. CShIIfnð hn-Imcnamcmbn \nban¨pI-gnªmð X§Ä kzX{´cpw \nb{´n¡m³ Bcpanñm¯hcpw \òbpw Xnòbpw X§ Ä¡v _m[Iasñó coXnbnemWv C¡q«cpsS {]hÀ¯n. AhnsSbmWv {]iv\§Ä DïmIpóXv. AhcmWv ]oUIcpw ]m]nIfpamIpóXv. C§s\bpÅhÀ sXäp sN¿pópsb-óv Isï¯nbmð Ahsc B Øm\¯p \nópw ]Z-hnbnð \nópw ]pd¯m¡pI Xsó sN¿Ww. Fómð \nÀ `mKyamb Hcp Imcyw It¯men¡mk` Ah-sc asämcp Øet¯¡v amäpI am{XamWv ]et¸mgpw sN¿póXv. AXv AhÀ¡v IqSpXð ss[cyw \ðIpIbpw IqSpXð IqSpXð sXäpIfnte¡v amdpIbpw sN¿pw. Hcp Øewamä¯nð¡qSn {]iv\w ]cnlcn¡s¸-Spónñ. IqSpXð k¦oÀ-®am¡s¸SpIbmWv k`m t\XrXzw sN¿póXv. Ct¸mÄ ]oU\t¡knð AdÌp sNbvX sshZnI\pÄs¸sS ]oU\t¡knð AdÌp sN¿s¸«n«pÅ sshZnIscñmw Xsó ]nSn¡s¸SpóXn\p ap³]v CXn\v kam\amb ]e {]hÀ¯nIfpw sN-bvXn«pïv. k`mt\XrXzw AXnsâ Kuchw a\Ên-em¡msXtbm, Iïnsñóv \-Sn¡pItbm BWv sN¿pI. k`m hkv{Xw C«psImïv k`bv¡pw ssZh¯n\psaXncmb ]m]{]hÀ¯nIÄ ImWn¡póhsc AXv k`m-t\XrXz¯nsâ {i²bnðs¸Spó kab¯p Xsó k`bnse ]utcmlnXy ip{iqjbnð \nóv amtäïXmWv. AhÀs¡Xnsc \S]SnsbSp¡pI Xsó thWw. A§s\ sNbvsX¦nð am{X-sa C¯cw k`sb If¦-s¸Sp¯pó kw`h§Ä¡v ]cnlmcapïmIq. thï kab¯v thïXpt]mse k`mt\XrXzw {]hÀ¯n¡m³ aSn¡pt¼mgmWv C¯cw kw`h§Ä DïmIpóXv. AXv sshZn-I PohnX¯nsâ ]hn{X-XtbmsS Pohn¡pó sshZnItcbpw Icnhmcn tXbv¡póp sbóXmWv kXyw. HcmÄ sXäp sNbvXmð B hyàn DÄs¸Spó kaqlw apgph³ sXäpImcmIpónñ. PohnX hnip²nbpw sshZnI Po hnX¯nsâ alXzhpw a\Ênem¡n Pohn¡pó sshZnIcpw sa{Xmòmcpapïv. A\yaX¡mc\mb bp-hmhn\v Xsâ InUv\n \ðIn amXrI Im«nb ]me sa{Xmt¸m-eo¯mamÀ apcn¡³ XpS§n \nch[nt¸sc NqïnImWn¡mw. Fómð Ah-cpsSsbñmw al¯mb {]hÀ¯nIfpw amXrIm]camb \òIfpw \njv{]`am¡póXmWv C¯cw sshZnIcpsS {]hÀ¯nIÄ. Ip-Spw_¯nð HcmÄ IÅ\mbmð B IpSpw_w apgph³ IÅsâ IpSpw_saó t]cnedn bs¸SpsaóXmWv kXyw. Cóv Hcp sshZnIs\ ImWpt¼mÄ AXp It¯men¡mk`bnse sshZnIs\ ImWpt¼mÄ BZyw a\Ênð HmSnsb¯pI hnImcPohnbmb Hcp hyànbm-bn«mWv Fóv Cu ASp-¯ kab¯v Hcp kplr¯v ]dbpIbpïmbn. CXv Hcp hyànbpsS A`n{]mbañ. ]IpXnbnð IqSpXð t]-cptSbpw A`n{]mbamWv. AXn\p ImcWw sshZnIcpsS {]hÀ¯nIfpw aäpamsWóv k½Xnt¡ïXpïv. ssZh¯nsâ {]Xn]pcpj-òmcmbn Iïncpó sshZnIsc Cutim aninlmbpsS \ma¯nð kvXpXn ]dªp sImïmbncpóp A`nhmZyw sNbvXncpóXv. A{X alXzw B ]Zhn¡v \ðInbncpóp. Hcp hyànbmbn«ñ adn¨v ssZh¯nsâ {]Xncq]am-bn«mbncpóp Hcp Ime¯v sshZnIs\ kaqlw AwKoIcn¨ncpóXpw BZcn¨ncpóXpw. AXv amdnamdn AXn\p hn]coXamb Xe¯nte¡v B ]Zhnsb amänsb-Sps¯¦nð AXv C¯cw kw`h§fnð¡qsSbmsWóp ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. Hcp hyàn sshZnI thj-anSpt¼mÄ Hcp Øm\saóXnep]cn Hcp amäamWv DïmIpI. B amäw AXn-sâ ]hn{XX a\Ênem¡m³ sshZnI³ adóp t]m-IpónS¯v sshZnI PohnX¯nsâ alXzw \in¡póp. ssZhs¯t¸mepw ]co£n¨ km¯m³ a\pjysc ]co£n¡pIbñ ]m]¯neIs¸Sp¯m³ {ian¡pw ]et¸mgpw. B Hcp ]m]Nn´ a\Ênð ISsó¯pt¼mÄ Rm³ C«n-cn¡pó hkv{X¯nsâ hn-ip²nbpw Rm\mbncn¡pó kaq l¯nsâ alXzhpw Rm³ sN¿pó tPmenbpsS D¯chmZnXzt_m[hpw Rm³ Nn´n¡pt¼mÄ Fsó B ]m]Nn´Ifnð \nóv amänsbSp¡psaóv Hcn¡ð Fsâ GähpaSp¯ kplr¯mb Hcp sshZnI³ ]dbpIbpïmbn. Hcp sshZnI³ Bcmbncn¡Wsaópw F´mbncn¡Wsaópw CXnð hyàam¡pópïv. ]m]s¯¡pdn¨v D¯at_m[ apÅhcmWv sshZnIÀ. AhÀ ]Tn¡póXpw ]Tn-¸n¡póXpw Gsdbpw ]m]s¯¡pdn¨pw AXn\pÅ in£ sb¡pdn¨pambncn¡pw. Fón«pw Ahcnð ]ecpw ]m]nIfmbnt¸mIpóXv AhÀ¡v X§sf Gð¸n-¨ncn¡pó tPmenbpsS alXzw AdnbmsX t]mIpóXp sImïmWv. ]m]¯nsâ sNfn Ipïnð hogpt¼mÄ AXnð \nóhsc ssI]nSn¨p IbtäïhcmWv sshZnIÀ. ]m]tamN\¯n\pt]mepw A[nImcapÅ ]ZhnbmWv Hcp sshZnI\pÅXv. AXp sImïmWtñm Ipw-_kmcsaó IqZmi¡mbn sshZnIsâ apónð ap«pIp¯n \nð¡póXv. B kabw sshZnIs\ Hcp hyànbmbñ ImWpóXv adn¨v ssZ-hw a\pjy\nte¡v Cd§n hóv cq]m´cs¸« A-hØbmbn«mWv ImWpóXv. ]m] tamN\hpw ]cnlmchpw AXv ]caclkyhpambn sshZnI³ Im¯psImÅp-saópÅ Dd¸nemWv Hcp hnizmkn AhcpsS ap³]nð Ipw_kmc¯n\mbn hcpóXv. AXpsImïpXsó ]m]¯nð Hcp hnizmkn AIs¸Spt¼mÄ Ahs\ AXnð \nóv IcIbäm³ Hcp sshZnI\v ISabpw IÀ¯hyhpapïv. Hcp hnizmkn ]m]¯nð AIs¸«mð In«póXnt\¡mÄ ssZh ap³]msI in£ e`n¡p-I ]m]s¯¡pdn¨v t_m[hpw t_m[hð¡cWhpw \S¯pó sshZoI³ sXäp sN¿pt¼mgmWv. \n-bas¯¡pdn¨v AdnbpóhÀ \nbaw ewLn¡s¸Spt¼mgmWv AXv Adnbm¯htc¡mÄ in£ IqSpXseóXpt]mse. A§s\ sshZnI³ sXäpImc\mIpt¼mÄ AXv hnizmk kaqls¯ sam¯¯nð apdns¸-Sp¯póp. B kXyw sshZnIÀ a\Ênemt¡ïXpXsó. {]Xo£bpw {]Xymibpw Hcp sshZnI\nð AÀ-¸n¡pó hnizmknIsf AXnð ¡qSn \S¯m\pÅ D¯c hmZnXzhpw Hcp sshZnI\nepsïóv ad¡cpXv. sXm®qän H³]Xnt\bpw hn«n«v hgnsXänt¸mb HcmSns\ tXSnt¸mIpó \ñnSb\mWv D¯a\mb Hcp sshZnI³. AXmWv Hcp sshZnI³. B sshZnI³ sXäp sN¿pt¼mÄ AXv hnizmkn kaqls¯ hrWs¸Sp¯pw. AhcpsS a\Ênð Bg¯nð apdn-hpïm¡pw. Ahsc kvt\-ln¡pIbpw hnizkn¡pIbpw {]XymibÀ¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pó GsXmcp hnizmknbpsS AhØbmWv AXv. Hcp sshZnI³ Bßob-]nXmhpw `uXoI ]nXmhnt\mfw Øm\hpw Dïv. Hcp ]nXmhn\v a¡sf imkn¡m\pw t\Àhgn¡v \S¯m\pw AhImihpw A[nImc-hpapïv. AXn\v hncp²ambn sN¿pt¼mÄ AhÀ ]nXmhñ ]nimNmIpóp. A§-s\bpÅhÀ sshZnI KW-¯nepapïv. AhcmWv sshZnIKWs¯ A]am-\n¡póXpw A]am\s¸Sp¯póXpw. A§s\bpÅhsc kaql¯nð \nópXsó Hä s¸Sp¯Ww. A§-s\bpÅhsc Häs¸Sp¯nbmð t]msc. A§s\bpÅhsc A]am\n¨mð t]msc. A§s\bpÅhsc {Iq-in¨mð t]msc. Añm¯h-sc F´n\p {Iqin¡Ww. AS¨mt£]n¡Ww. A]am\n¡Ww. D¸p Xnópóhs\ shÅwIpSn¸n¨mð t]msc. sshZnI PohnX¯n-sâ ]hn{XXbpw hnip²nbpw Adnªv Pohn¡pó F{Xtbm sshZnIÀ \½psS kaql¯nepïv. PmXn¡pw aX¯n\pw AXoXambn a\pjy\òsb IcpXn Pohn¨ At\Iw sshZnIÀ \ap¡p Npäp-apïv, Dïmbncpón«papïv. ]ïpÅXnt\¡mÄ Aev]w Ipdhpsïóp am{Xw. sshZnI kaqls¯ AS¨mt£]n¡póhÀ Hcp kXyw a\Ênem¡Ww \n§Ä AS¨mt£]n¡póXv A]am\n¡póXv Ahsc¡qSnbmsWóv. Ipäw sN¿póhÀ Bcmbmepw in£n¡s¸SWw. Ah-sc kaql¯nð \nóp Xsó Häs¸Sp¯Ww. H¸w Ipäw sN¿m¯hÀ {Iqin¡s¸Sm sXbpancn¡Ww. hnfn-¨ hnfn¡ptbmKyamb coXnbnð Pohn¡pI A{Xtb ]dbm\pÅp. AXv A¨\mbmepw Aevamb\mbmepw.

IpIrXyġv tijw cs]Sm Ignbp ssZhns kzw \mSv

DóX§fnð ]nSn]mSpw cmjv{St\Xm¡fpambn«pw ]mÀ«nIfpambn«pw ASp¸ hpw {]apJcpambn am^nb _Ôhpapsï¦nð GXv IpäIrXyw sNbvXmepw ]nSn¡s¸SmsX c£s]Sm³ Ignbpó Hcp Øew GsXóp tNmZn¨mð AXnð BZys¯ D¯cw ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \msSóv \mw DuäwsImÅpó tIcf-ambncn¡pw. BÀ¡pw Btcbpw sImñmw BtcmSpw {]-XnImcw sN¿mw ]oUn¸n¡mw t]Sn¸n¡mw. BZyw H-cp _lfw am[ya§fnð A-hnsSbpw ChnsSbpw sXmSmsX hmb\¡mcnð kwibw krjvSn¸n¡pó hmÀ¯IÄ, Nm\epIfnð NqS³ NÀ¨IÄ. t]meoknsâ _mä¬t_mknsâ Ipäm-t\zjW IYbnset¸mse ImXS¸n¨psImïpÅ Hc-t\zjWw. {]Xnsb ]nSn¨p ]nSn¨nñmsbó coXnbnep-Å dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ. A§s\ cïp aqóv BgvN¡mew H-cp _lfw. Fñm¯n\p sam-Sphnð hoSpw IqSpanñmsX sXcphnð InSópd§póhsâ I¿nð Hcp ssI¿maw. Aht\bpw sImïv tImSXnbnte¡v Hcp sI«nsbgpóÅn¸v. AtXmsS tIkpw XoÀóp _lfhpah-km\n¨p. A§s\bmWv tIcf¯nent¸mÄ DóX§fnð ]nSn]mSpÅhÀ Ipäw sNbvXmepÅ ØnXn. tIcf¯nð _wKmfnIÄ aebmfnI-sf¡mÄ IqSpXepÅt¸mÄ {]XnIsf Iïp]nSn¡m³ bmsXmcp {]bmkhpanñ. tIcf¯nepÅ GsX¦nepsam cp _wKmfnbpsS Xebnð Fñm Ipähpw h¨v s]meokv AhcpsS `mKw IrXyXbpw `wKnbpam¡pó ImgvNbmWv Cu ASp¯ kab¯v ImWm³ Ignªn«pÅXv. _wKmfnIsfs¡m-ïv aebmfnIÄ¡v asämcp {] tbmP\hpw IqSnbpsïóv Ct¸mÄ a\Ênembn XpS§nbncn¡póp. aebm-fadnbm¯XpsImïv Nm\-epImcptSbpw tImSXnbptSbpw ap³]msI hmbv Xp-d¡pIbpanñ. I£¯nteXv AhnsSbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw D ¯c¯nteXv FSp¡pIbpw sN¿m³ Ignbpw _w-Kmfnsb {]Xnbm¡nbmð. Pnj apXð ]e tImfnf¡w krjvSn-¨ tIÊpIfpw iàcpw IÀ¡i ¡mcmb t]meokptZymKØcpw At\zjn¨n«pw Hcp _wKmfnbnð F¯n Ahkm\n¡mdmWv tI-cf¯nse ØnXn. _wKmfn-sb¡mÄ _p²nbpw ]Whpw ]nSn ]mSpapÅ aebmfn Ipäw sNbvXn«v ]Wsadnªpw D óX§fnð ]nSn]mSp-]tbmKn¨v \nba¯nsâbpw \oXn ]oT¯nsâbpw ]nSnbnðs¸SmsX c£s]SpIbpw ]Ið am\yòmcmbn Ac-§p XIÀ¯p Pohn¡pIbpamWv. Hcp shSn¡v ]e ]£nIsfbmWv Cu _p²namòmcmb aebmfn hogv¯póXv. Izt«j\pw am^nbm¡mcpw Cc«Isft¸mse tIcf¯nð AgnªmSp t¼mÄ cmjv{Sob KpïIÄ FXncmfnIsf Acnªp hogv¯ns¡mïncn¡pópsb óXmWv kXyw.  C-Xnseñmw {]XnIÄ an¡t¸mgpw HtcbmÄ¡mÀ Xsó-bmbncn¡pw. Izt«j\p t]mIpt¼mÄ KpïIsft¸mse thjw [cn¨p. cmjv{Sob sIme]mXI¯n\p t]mIp t¼mÄ ]mÀ«nIfpsS coXn¡\pkcn¨pamsW-ó hyXymksabpÅp. ]s£ Chsc hfÀ¯póXpw h-epXm¡póXpw kwc£n¡póXpw cmjv{Sob DtZymKØ t]meokv Iq«psI«pw. Ct¸mÄ kn\na¡mcpw IqSnbn«pïv. AÄtkj³ \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯póXpt]mse Bhiy¯n\pÅ amwk I jW§Ä sImSp¯psImïv Cu Iq«psI«v AhÀ¡v CjvSapÅXv sN¿n-¸n¡póp. {]XnImcw sN¿m\pw IpSn¸I XoÀ¡m\pw At[mtemI km{amPyw sI«n¸Sp¡m\pw IncoSanñm¯ cmPm¡òmcmbn hmgm\pw CXv sN¿n¸n¡pt¼mÄ im´kpµcambXpw im´nbpw kam[m\hpw hnfbmSn bncpóXpamb tIcfw ab¡pacpónsâbpw KpïIfptSbpw Izt«j³ kwL¯nsâbpw A{IanI-fptSbpw am^nbm¡mcptSbpw \mSmbn amdnbncn¡póp. {]tXyIn¨v sIm¨n. C-¡mcy¯nð apwss_bmbncpóp ap³]nð. apwss_-sb C´ybpsS hymhkmbn-I XeØm\saóv hntijn-¸n¡pótXmsSm¸w Cu Imcy¯nsâsbms¡v X-eØm\ambpw hntijn¸n¨n-cpsó¦nð AXv amän sIm¨nsb hntijn¸n¡pó Imew A Isebñ. apwss_sbt¸mse Hcp Nphó sXcphp IqSnbmbmð sIm¨n apw ss_bpsS htey«\mIpw. sIm¨nbnepw aäv {][m\ \Kc§fnepw kqcy \kvXan¨mð kv{XoIÄ¡v ]pd¯nd§n \S¡m³ ]äm¯ AhØbnte¡v Bbn ¯oÀópsbóXmWv kXyw A{X Iïv Ima{`m´-òmcpsS \mSmbn amdnbncn¡póp \½psS \Kc§Ä. AhnsS BdphbÊpImcn¡pw Adp ]XphbÊpImcn¡pw c£ bnñm¯ AhØbmWv. km[mcW¡mcpw sken{_nänIfpw ChcpsS CcbmIpw. A{XIïv A[:]Xn¸n¨p Chscñmhcpw IqSn \½psS \mSns\sbóp ]dbmsX h¿. CsXms¡ Iïn«pw tI«n«pw `cWIqShpw \nba]meIcpw amhnembn ¡mc\mbn Rm\nhnSp¯p Imc\sñóv ]dªv X-Sn X¸póXmWv Gsd ckIcw. At[mtemI XeØm\ambn amdns¡mïncn¡pó tIcf¯nð CsXm-s¡ ASn¨aÀ¯m³ apwss_ s]meoknepïmbncpóXpt]mse Hcp c_nsdsb¦nep-apïmbncpsó¦nð aXnbm-bncpóp. apwss_ sXcphpIÄ At[mtemI§Ä cmjv{Sob `cW Ahnip² Iq«p-sI«pIfpsS ]n³_e¯nð AS¡n hmgpIbpw sN¿p-I am{Xañ. km{amPy§Ä ]nSn s¨Sp¡m³ Bbp[hpambn sXcphnð t]mcpw t]mÀhnfnIfpw \S¯pIbpïmbn. ]ckv]cw ]IXoÀ-¯t¸mÄ apwss_ sXcphoYnIÄ tNmc¡fambn. \nc]cm[n IÄt]mepw AXn\n-cbmbt¸mÄ `cWIqSw c-_nsdsbó Icp¯\mb t]meokv Hm^oksd apwss_ t]meokv I½ojWdm¡n. cmjv{Sob `cW t\Xr-Xz\nÀt±i§sf XoÀ¯pw Ah KWn¨psImïv At[mtemI§sf ASn¨aÀ¯m³ c_nsdbv¡v Aóv Ignªp. c_nsdsbóp tI«mð At[mtemI§Ä hnd¨ncpóp Aóv. tIcf¯nsâ \Kc§fnepw c_nsdamcpïm IWw. N¦qät¯msS apJw t\m¡msX Ipähm-fnIÄs¡Xnsc \S]Snsb-Sp¯mð CsXms¡ ASn¨aÀ ¯m³ Ignbmhpó-tXbpÅp. sImópw sImñn¨pw tIcf¯nð Ac£nXmhØbpïm¡nb \IvkenÊw DÄs¸sS F{Xtbm {]iv\§Ä tIcfm t]meokv ASn¨aÀ¯nbn«pïv. thWsaóp sh¨mð CsXms¡ ASn¨aÀ¯m³ IgnbpósXbpÅp. a\Êph-bv¡Wsaóp am{Xw. apIfnð \nópÅ D¯chpw DóX§fnð \nópÅ k½À±hpw ImcWw ]et¸mgpw t]meokn\p tað Iq¨phne-§nSmdpïv. Fómð AXv amdnsb aXnbmIq. Csñ¦nð A{IanIfptSbpw Agnªm«¡mcptSbpw Cuänñambn tIcfw amdpw. \Snsb B{Ian¨ ]ÄkÀ kp\nsb tImSXn¡pÅnð \nóv ]nSn¨nd¡n sImïpt]mIm³ tIcfm t]meokv ImWn¨ B N¦qäamWv Cóp thïXv. A¯cw N¦qäw ImWn¡m³ tIcf t]meoknð DtZymKØcpsïóXv A`nam\hpw B-izmkhpamb ImcyamWv. ]ÄkÀ kp\nsb AdÌp sNbvXXnð tIcfm t]meokv A`n\µ\aÀ ln¡pópsb¦nepw AXnð D¯chmZnIfmbhÀ Bscs¡bmbmepw Ahscsbms¡ \nba¯nsâ apónð sImïphóv in£ hm§n s¡mSps¯¦nð am{Xsa AhcpsS sXm¸nbnð s]m³Xqhð NmÀ¯m³ Ignbq. apJw c£n¡m³ Hcp AdÌv Fó coXnbnemWv Cu tIkv t]mIpó-sX¦nð shfp¡m³ tX¨Xv ]mïmbn¯ocpw. \Snsb B{Ian¨Xnsâ ]nónse e-£ysas´óXnt\¡mÄ Nn-´n¸n¡pó asämcp hkvXp-X tIcf¯nsâ kpc£nX-XzanñmbvabmWv. kn\nabnse IpSn¸Itbm {]XnIm-ctamsbóXñ ChnsS {]-Xn]mZyamb hnjbw. Hcp sken{_nänsbt¸mepw ]o-Un¸n¡m\pw X«ns¡mïpt]mIm\pw hsc ChnSps¯ {Inan\epIÄ¡v ss[-cyapïmIpópsbóXmWv. Hcp \Snsb X«ns¡mïpt]mbmð DïmImhpó `hnj¯pIÄ F´msWóv AhÀ¡v \ómbdnbmw. km[mcW¡msc ]oUn¸n¨mð Bcpw tNmZn¡m\nñm¯ \m«nð {]ikvXbmb Hcp \Snsb ]oUn¸n¨mð AhÀ¡pthïn ]ecpw cw-K¯phcpw. {]tXyIn¨v kn\nam\SnbmIpt¼mÄ. AXv hnhmZhpw hfsctbsd H¨¸mSpIfpw Dïm¡pw. Dó-XÀ AXnð CSs]Spw. At\zjWw AXp sImïp Xsó DuÀÖnXs¸Spw. X§Ä ]nSnbnem Ipw C¯cw Imcy-§Ä Fñmw t_m²yapÅ-hcmWtñm CXnse IpähmfnIÄ. Cu `hnjy¯p¡-sfsbñmw adnIS¡m³ X§Ä¡p Ignbpsaóv AhÀ Nn´n¨ XpsImïmWtñm AhÀ Cu IrXy¯n\v apXnÀóXv. AhÀ A§s\ Nn´n¡m³ ImcWw AhÀ¡Xn\v Fñm klmbhpw sNbvXpsImSp¡m³ iàcmbhÀ ]nónepsïóXmtWm. AhÀ A[nImc¯nepÅhscbpw aäpw kzm[o\n¡m³ I-gnbpóhcmbncn¡pw. Ah-scbmWv t]meokv cwK¯psImïp htcïXv. AWnbdbnencpóv NcSp hen¡pó am\yXbpsS apJwaqSnbWnª AhcpsS apJwaqSn Ducn \nba¯n\p apónð sImïphcm³ t]meokn\p Ignªmð am{Xsa \m«nð \oXnbpw \nbahpw \S¡q. sImSpw Ipähm fnIsf Cd¡nhn«v X§Ä¡v CjvSapÅXv sN¿m³ ChÀ¡v ss[cyw \ðIpóXv \oXntbbpw \nbat¯bpw t]Snbnñm¯Xp am{Xañ X§Ä ]nSn¡s¸Snsñó t_m²yapÅXpsImïpamWv. Cu IpähmfnIfpsS dntam«v I¬t{SmÄ ChcpsS ssI IfnemsWóv. cmjv-{Sob¯nepw kn\na taJebn epw C¯c¯nð dntam-«v I¬t{Smfpambn \S¡p-óhcpïv. Ahsc \nba¯n\p apónð sImïphcm³ IgnbWw. Hcp kp\nt]mbmð ]¯p kp\namsc AhÀ¡v krjvSn¡m³ Ignbpw. Fómð Hcp {]apJ³ AI ¯mbmð aäp {]apJÀ Xms\ ]¯n aS¡pw. {]apJÀ Fó t]cnemWtñm Chscñmw Adnbs¸SpóXv. Bcmbmepw GXv tIÊmbmepw AXnð Hcp Ipähmfn am{Xañ Hcp {]apJ³ Iq-Sn DÄs¸«ncn¡pw. Ipähmfnsb AdÌp sN¿pt¼mÄ {]apJ³ c£s¸Spw. AbmÄ asämcmsf XsâZuXyw Gð ¸n¡pw AXmWv tI-cf¯nent¸mÄ \S¡póXv. AXpïmIcpXv. {]apJt\bpw AI¯m¡pIXsóthWw.

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