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{]m-bw shdpw B-dp hb-v; dbms hmjnI hcpam\w 70 tImSn cq]; tPmen Ifn-m-w \n-cq-]-Ww..!!

Hópw ]Tn-¡m-sX k-Zm k-a-bhpw I-fn-am-{X-am-bn \-S-¡p-ó Ip-«n-IÄ  am-Xm-]nXm-¡-fp-sS kam[m-\w sI-Sp-¯p-¯m-dpïv. F-ómð, Bdv h-b-kp-Im-c\mb dbm-sâ am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä-¡v a-I-sâ I-fn A-{X X-e-th-Z-\-bm-Im³ Nm³-knñ. Im-cWw, Cu {]m-b-¯nð Cu sIm-¨p-an-Sp-¡³ ho-«n-en-cpóv 'I-fn-¨v' k-¼m-Zn-¡p-ó-Xv hÀ-jw 7 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv. bpSyq_neqsS Ifn¸m«§fpsS dnhyq \S¯nbmWv Cu ]Wsams¡bpïm¡póXv. t^m_vkv amknIbpsS IW¡\pkcn¨v bpSyq_neqsS Gähpa[nIw hcpam\apïm¡póhcpsS Iq«¯nð F«mw Øm\amWv dbm\v. Fñm Ip«nItfbpw t]mse Ifn¸m«t¯mSpÅ XmXv]cyapïmbncpóp. CXv ]nóoSv Ifn¸m«§fpsS dnhyq ImWpóXnte¡pw \o§n. ]nsó F´psImïv X\n¡pw CXv sN¿m³ km[n¡nñ Fóv Nn´n¡póXv. henbhÀ Ifn¸m«s¯¡pdn¨v ]dbpóXnepw B[nImcnIX Xm³ ]dbpóXmIpsaóv dbm³ Nn´n¨p. CtXmsS 2015ð Xsâ \memw hbÊnð dbm³ tSmbv--kv dnhyq Fó t]cnð Hcp Nm\ð Bcw`n¡pIbpw dnhyq \S¯pIbpw sN¿pIbmbncpóp.{]Xo£n¨Xnt\¡mÄ henb kzoImcyXbmWv hoUntbmIÄ¡v e`n¨Xv. 2015 Pqssebnð Nn{XoIcn¨ Hcp hoUntbm 801,624,333  t]cmWv CXnt\mSIw Iï-Xv. amXm]nXm¡fpsS klmbt¯msSbmWv dbm³ dnhyq \S¯póXv. Nn{XoIchpw FUnän§psams¡ amXm]nXm¡Ä sN¿pw. amkw Hcp aney³ tUmfdne[nIamWv hcpam\w. {]XnhÀjw 70 tImSn C´y³ cq]tbmfw hcpw bpSyq_nð \nóv e`n¡pó ]Ww. {]ikvX\mbtXmsS ]e {]apJ Ifn¸m« I¼\nIfpw X§fpsS ]pXnb Dð¸ó§Ä dbm\v Ab¨psImSp¯v dnhyq sN¿n¡pópïv Ct¸mÄ. 10,134,637 k_vkvss{It_gv--kmWv dbmsâ bpSyq_v Nm\en\pÅXv.            

sjdn amXyqkns\ ASw sNbvX ew shfnsSp-n; Hcp Ipnbpmbn-pw \fbnse kckzXnsb sjdn amXyqkm-nbXns clkyw Adnv sRn Atacn aebmfnI; shnpw kn\npsaXnsc sImepw Npam\pdv At\zjW kwLw

bp.Fknð sImñs¸« aqóphbÊpImcn sjdn³ amXyqknsâ arXtZlw kwkv--Icn¨ Øew shfns¸Sp¯n. sjdnsâ hfÀ¯p amXm]nXm¡fpw FdWmIpfw kztZinIfpamb shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIfpsS UmfÊnepÅ hoSn\Sp¯mWv sjdns\ kwkv--Icn¨ncn¨ncn¡póXv. kwkv--Imc¯n\p tijw Cu Øew clkyam¡n sh¨ncn¡pIbmbncpóp. sjdn³ kqk³ amXyqkv FómWv Iñdbnð ]Xn¨n«pÅ Iñnð sIm¯nbncn¡póXv. hfsc Ipd¨ t]À am{Xambncpóp sjdnsâ kwkv--Imc¯nð ]s¦Sp-¯Xv. bp.Fknse C´y³ Z¼XnIÄ Zs¯Sp¯v hfÀ¯pIbmbncpó sjdns\ \hw_À BZyamWv ImWmXmbXv. XpSÀóv hoSnsâ ap¡mð Intem aoäÀ AIsebpÅ Iep¦n\v ASnbnð Ip«nsb acn¨ \nebnð Isï¯n. kw`h¯nð AdÌnembn«pÅ aebmfnI-fmb Z¼XnIsf ChcpsS kz´w Ipªns\ ImWpóXnð \nópw hne¡nbn«pïv.A-tX-k-a-bw, `nó tij¡mÀ¡v Atacn¡bnð kÀ¡mÀ \ðIpó ap´nb ]cn-K-W-\bpw km¼¯nI klmbhpw \ð-Ipw X«nsbSp¡m\mbmWv C´ybnð \nópw sjdn³ amXyq-kn-s\ Z-¼-XnIÄ Zs¯-Sp-¯v F-óm-Wv kqN-\. shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIÄ¡v sjdnsâ acW¯nð t\cn«v ]¦psïómWv s]meokv kwibn¡póXv. AXpsImïv Xsó CcphÀ¡psaXnsc s]meokv sIme¡päw Npa¯psaómWv kqN\. CtXmsS Atacn¡³ aebmfnIÄ t]mepw shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIsf ssIhnSpIbmWv.`nó tijn¡mcpsS B\pIqey§Ä X«nsbSp¡m\mWv `nó tijn¡msc Atacn¡³ ]ucXzapÅhÀ Zs¯Sp¡póXv. ChnsS A¯cw Ip«nIsf hfÀ¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ Fñm klmbhpw \ðIpw. km¼¯nIambn IpSpw_¯n\v \ñ klmbamWv. CXv X«nsbSp¡m\mWv shÉnbpw kn\nbpw {ian¨Xv. AñmsX sjd³ amXyqknt\mSv Hcp kv--t\lhpw Cñmbncpóp. CXmWv Ip«nbpsS sImebnte¡v Imcy§sf¯n¨-Xv.  C´ybnð \nóv `nó tijn¡msc Zs¯Sp¡pó Atacn¡¡mÀ GsdbmWv. AhcpsS Fñmw a\ÊnepÅXv kv--t\l¯n\¸pdapÅ kÀ¡mÀ klmbamWv.Z\v]XnIÄ Zs¯Sp¯ sjdns\ \hw_À BZyw ImWmXmhpIbpw cïmgvNbv¡ptijw arXtZlw hoSn\p ap¡mð IntemaoäÀ AIse Iep¦n\Snbnð Isï¯pIbpambncp-óp. ho«nse KmtcPnðh¨v \nÀ_Ôn¨v ]mep IpSn¸n¨t¸mÄ Ipªn³sd sXmïbnð ]mð Ipcp§n izmkwap«n acn¨pshómWv shÉn samgn \evInbsXóv dn¨mUvk¬ \Kc¯nse t]meokv ]dªp. Fómð, ASnb´c BtcmKy kÀhokn³sd tkh\w shÉn tXSnbnñ. \gvkv IqSnbmb `mcy kn\nsbbpw hnhcw Adnbn¨nñ. icoc¯nð\nóp NqSpt]mIpw ap\vt] arXtZlw Dt]£n¡pIbmbncpóp.  

\S Pbs ktlmZcs aIfmsW-v ko-cn-b \Sn Snhn ]cn]mSnbn; bphXnsb Adnbnsv Nqnmn tkma \mbcpsS aI, a-dp-]-Sn-bp-am-bn \-Sn

a-g-hnð a-t\m-c-a Nm-\-en-ð dnan tSman AhXcn¸n¡p-ó Hópw Hópw aq-óv Fóv ]cn]mSn-bnð A-´-cn-¨ hn-Jym-X \S³ Pbsâ A\pPsâ aIfmsWóv AhImi-s¸-«v ko-cn-b³ \-Sn D-am \mbÀ. Fómð CXv sXämsWópw BÀ¡pw Chsc Adnbnsñópw P-bsâ A\pP³ tkma³ \mbcpsS a-IÄ e-£v-an t^-kv-_p-¡v sse-hnð ]-d-bp-óp. ]cn]mSnbpsS AhXmcnIbmb dnantSman t]mepw AXnibn¡pamdmWv bphXn ]cn]mSnbnð s]cpamdnbXpw D¯c§Ä \ðInbXpw. Pb`mcXn Ikn\msWópw Pbs\ heyѳ FómWv hnfn¡pósXópw ChÀ ]dªp. ""AhÀ A\pP¯nþtPjvT¯n a¡fmWv. Fsâ AÑsâ A½bpw heyÑ-sâ(P-bsâ) A½bpw A\pP¯nbpw tN¨nbpamWv'', D-am \mbÀ ]cn]mSnbnð ]dbp-óp. Fómð C¯cw AhImihmZ§sf ]mtS XÅn¡fbpI-bm-Wv Pb-sâ A-\p-Psâ a-IÄ e-£v-an. C-Xv Iq-Sm-sX ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS A-h-Xm-c-Ibm-b dn-an tSm-an-sbbpw e-£van hn-aÀ-in-¡póp. F-ómð {i-t²-bam-b a-säm-cp Im-cyw, D-am \m-bÀ H-cn-¡-epw Xm³ Pb-sâ A-\pP³ tkma³ \mb-cp-sS a-I-fm-Wv F-óv A-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp-ónñ F-ó-XmWv. D-am- \m-b-cp-sS A-NvvO-sâ A-½bpw Pb-sâ A-½bpw A-\p-P-¯nbpw tN-¨n-bp-am-sWóp Xm-cw X-só dnan tSm-an-ap-sS tNm-Zy-¯n-\v D-¯-c-am-bn hn-i-Zo-I-cn-¨v \ð-Ip-óp-ap-ïv. F-ómð, e-£v-an-bp-sS t^-kv-_p-¡v ssehv ]pd-¯p h-cn-Ibpw hoUntbm sshm-d-em-Ip-Ibpw sN-bv-X-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ-óv {]-Xn-I-c-W-hp-am-bn D-am \m-bcpw t^-kv-_p-¡v sse-hnð F¯n. Xm³ Nm-\enð ]-d-ª-Im-cy-§Ä Fñmw k-Xy-amsWópw Pb-sâ A-\p-P-sâ a-IÄ a-IÄ F-ó ]Z-hn X-«n-sb-Sp-¡m-\ñ Xm³ A§-s\ ]-d-ª-sXópw Xm-cw ]-d-bp-óp. At±-l-¯n-sâ t]-cv D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v C-tó h-sc Hópw Xm³ t\-Sn-bn-«n-sñópw D-a \m-bÀ hy-à-am-¡n.am-\-\-ã tI-kp-am-bn Xm³ ap-tóm-«p t]m-bmð e£van  a-dp]-Sn \ð-tI-ïnhcp-saópw D-a ]-d-bpóp.

temIv CXphsc \S Zpc Fmw \qmpIġp apv {]h-Nn t\mkv{SUmaknsd sRnp ASp {]hN\w tIcfspdnv...!!

temI¯v CXphsc \Só Zpc´§Ä Fñmw \qämïpIÄ¡p ap¼v {]hNn¨ hyànbmWv t\mkv{SUm-akv.cmPohv KmÔnbpsS acWw XpS§n ]eXpw At±l¯nsâ ]pkvXI¯nepïv. At±l¯nsâ ]pkvXI¯nð CXphsc temI¯v \Sóncn¡pó Imcy§sfms¡ FgpXnbn«pïv. Fómð Ct¸mÄ B {]hN\w Dów sh¨v \nð¡póXv apñs¸cnbmÀ Zpc´amsWómWv dnt¸mÀ«v. 1566ð {^m³knð Pohn¨ncpó t\mkv{SUmakv hcpw \qämïpIfnð \S¡pó kw`h§tf¡pdn¨v Bbnc¡W¡n\v {]hN\§Ä \S¯nbn«pïv. Ct±l¯nsâ {]hN\§Ä 10 hmey§fmbmWv {]kn²oIcn¨ncn¡póXv. Hmtcm hmeyhpw Hmtcm \qämïnse kw`h§tf¡pdn¨pÅ {]hN\§fmWv. {_n«\nse Adnbs¸Spó ]mÝmXy tPymXnimkv{X hnimcZ³amcpw t\mkv{SUmakv cNn¨ "se t{]m^knkv Fó {KÙ¯nð \n]pW³amcmb {^ôv `mjm ]ÞnXòmcpw Bbn \S¯nb IqSn¡mgvNbnð BWt{X apñs¸cnbmÀ Zpc´s¯¸än kqN\IÄ e`n-¨Xv.H¸w Bbnc¯n Aªqän Fgp]¯n Ggnð \S¯nb Cu {]hN\w aebmf¯nte¡v XÀÖa sNbvXp tNÀ¡pIbpw ]mÝmXyhnimcZòmÀ tIcf¯nsâ am¸v, sNmÆ {Kl¯nsâ Øm\w apXembh A]{KYn¨p ]dª Imcy§Ä C§s\bmWv. `qanbpsS a[y¯nð \nópw PzmeIÄ hóv AXv `qanIpep¡ambn amdpsasóms¡. Cu {]hN\w cïmbnc¯n Ccp]Xv Pqsse amkw Bdv, Ggv, F«v Fóo XobXnIfnð \S¡m³ t]mIpó CSp¡n Umw XIÀ¨bpsS {]hN\w BWt{X. CXnsâ aptómSnbmbn sNdp `qI¼§Ä DïmIpw. temI almbp²§Ä, eï³ AKv--\n_m[, ChIrXyambn {]hNn¨ At±l¯nsâ {]hN\w sXäm³ km[yX IpdhmsWópw CXphsc \S¯nb KthjW§fnð apñs]cnbmÀ CSp¡n Zpc´w IrXyw Bbn {]hNn¡m³ Ignbpsaópw CXv temI¯nð AXphsc \Són«pÅ Zpc´§fnð Gähpw hepXmbncn¡psaópw hnebncp¯s¸Spóp. 2017þ18 hÀj§sf Ipdn¨v t\mkv{SUmakv \S¯nb Hcp {]hN\w icnsh¡pó kqN\IÄ temI¯v ImWpóp. cïp h³iànIÄ XpS§nhbv¡pó XÀ¡w 27 hÀjw \ofpó aqómw temIalmbp²¯n\p hgnsXfn¡pw FómWs{X At±lw ]dªncn¡póXv. temI¯nsâ ]e tImWnð \nópw P\§Ä sFFknte¡v F¯póXv aXXo{hhmZ¯n\v B¡w Iq«póp. anUnð CuÌnð, {]tXyIn¨v kuZn Atd_y, se_\³ , Cdm³ Cu cmPy§Ä tI{µoIcn¨p kw`hn¨p sImïncn¡pó amä§Ä {i²n¨mð CXn\pÅ km[yXIÄ Adnbm³ Ignbpw. temIcmPy§sfñmw Bi¦bnð, KÄ^v cmPy§fnse kwLÀjkm[yX \bn¡póXv aqómw temI almbp²¯nte¡mWv. Atacn¡³ apódnbn¸v hIsh¡m¯ sImdnb³ \ne]mSpIfpw Cdm\pw kuZn Atd_ybv¡pw CSbnse kwLÀjmhØbpw IqSpXð cq£amWv. CXns\ XpSÀóv aqómw temIalmbp²w DïmIpw FómWs{X At±lw {]hNn¡póXv. t\mkv{SUmaknsâ Nne sR«n¡pó asämcp {]hN\w C{kmtbensâ hn[n Pdpktew B{Ian¡s¸SpsaómWv t\mkv{SUmakv ]dbpóXv. B{IaWs¯ sNdp¯v \nð¡m³ C{kmtben\v thïn ]e cmPy§pw F¯pw. Pdpkteans\ C{ktbð XeØm\ambn AwKoIcn¨ bp.Fkv. {]knUâv sUmWmÄUv {Sw]nsâ {]Jym]\w ]Ýna Gjysb Iem]¡f¯nem¡nb ImgvN \ap¡v ImWm³ Ignªp, {]Xntj[w iàamIpóp CsXmcp h³ s]m«ns¯dnbnte¡mWv \bn¡póXv. F´mbmepw CsXms¡ P\§sf `oXnbnemgv¯pó kw`h§Ä XsóbmWv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw C¯c¯nepÅ {]hN\w \S¡mXncn¡s«. A§s\bmhs«sbóv IcpXnbncn¡mw.

Pbn-en-se \-\-S-p-Imv ]pXphj km\ambn e`nm t]mIpXv skIv--kv! kw-`-hw hn-P-b-Icw, Iq-Sp-X t] a-Zym-Z-m-cm-bn am-dp-p-sh-v P-bn A-[n-Ir-X

Pbnense acym-Z-¡mcm-b XS-hv ]p-Ån-IÄ-¡v ]p-XphÀ-j k-½m-\-am-bn e-`n-¡p-ó-Xv skIv--kv. KpcpXcañm¯ IpäIrXy§Ä sNbvXhÀ¡mWv ssewKnI_Ô¯n\v Ahkcw \ðIpóXv. ssewKnI_Ô¯n\v A\paXn e`n¨hscbpw Hcp ssewKnI ]¦mfnsbbbpw {]tXyI apdnbnem¡nbmWv CXn\v Ahkcw \ðIp-óXv. Hmkvt{Senbbnse hntÎmdnbbnemWv A]qÀhk½m\w {]Jym]n¨ Pbnð ØnXn sN¿p-óXv. Ignª Iptd hÀj§fmbn Cu ]²Xn hnPbIcambn \S¸nem¡n hcnIbmWv. Cu k½m\w {]Xo£n¨n«mtWm Ft´m IqSpXð IpähmfnIÄ \ñ \S¸nem-Wv. \ñ \S¸pImÀ¡v ssewKnI_Ôw k½m\w \ðIpóXn\v ]pdsa IpSpw_mwK§fpambpw Ip«nIfpambpw IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pw Ahkcw \ðIpópïv.

]ckv{XoKa-\w: ]pcpjs\ am{Xw innp hIpv kp{]ow tImSXn ]p\x]cntim-[n-pp, {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS l-Pn-bm-Wv tImS-Xn ]-cn-K-Wn-Xv

hn-hm-tl-X-c _-Ôw ]p-eÀ¯n-bmð ]pcpjs\ am{Xw Ipä¡mc\m¡pó hIp¸v `cWLS\m hncp²amtWmsbóv kp{]owtImSXn ]cntim[n¡pw. C´y³ in£m\nba¯nse 497þmw hIp¸pw {Inan\ð \S]Sn¨«¯nse 198(2) hIp¸pw tNmZywsNbvXpsImïpÅ lÀPnbnð kp{]owtImSXn t\m«okb¨p. Cu hIp¸pIÄ icnsh¨psImïv 1954þð \mewKs_ôv ]pds¸Sphn¨ hn[nbpsS km[pXbnð No^v PÌnkv Zo]Iv an{i A[y£\mb s_ôv kwibw {]ISn¸n¨p. CtXmsS, hnjbw `cWLS\m s_ôn\v hnSm\pw km[yXtbdn. ]c]pcpj_Ô¯nð GÀs¸Spó hnhmlnXbmb kv{Xosb in£n¡m³ \nehnð hyhØbnñ. Ahsc CcIfmbmWv ]cnKWn¡póXv.IpäwsNbvX ]pcpj\v AôphÀjwhsc XShpin£ e`n¡pw. ]pcpjt\msSm¸w IpäwsN¿pópsï¦nepw kv{Xosb am{Xw kwc£n¡pó \nbaw `cWLS\m hncp²amsWóv Nqïn¡m«n tImgnt¡mSv kztZinbpw {]hmknbpamb tPmk^v ssj\mWv AUz. Imfoizcw cmPv aptJ\ kp{]owtImSXnbnð s]mXpXmXv]cy lÀPn \ðInbXv. kv{XobpsS `À¯mhv ]cmXns¸«mð ]pcpjs\ in£n¡m³ am{Xta hIp¸pÅq. AtXkabw, ]ckv{XoKa\w \S¯nb ]pcpjsâ `mcy¡v ]cmXns¸Sm\pw \nehnð hIp¸nñ. Npcp¡¯nð ]c]pcpj_Ô¯neGÀs¸« kv{Xo¡v ]cn]qÀW kpc£\ðIpóXmWv \nehnse \nb-aw.  tPmen, XncsªSp¸v XpS§nb Imcy§fnð kv{XoIÄ¡v B\pIqeytam kwhcWtam \ðIpóXpt]mse IpäIrXy¯nsâ Imcy¯nð ]mSnsñópw AXv `cWLS\bpsS 15(3) hIp¸nsâ ewL\amsWóv Imfoizcw cmPv Nqïn¡m«n. ]ckv{XoKa\t¡kpIfnð kv{Xo¡pam{Xw kwc£Ww \ðIpóXv icnbsñóv 1971þð tem I½njsâ dnt¸mÀ«pïmbncpóp. Cu hIp¸v ]£]mX]camsWóv dnt¸mÀ«nð ]dbpóp.Ct¸mgs¯ s]mXp XmXv]cy lÀPn ]cntim[n¡póXv No^v PÌnkn\p ]pdta PÌnkpamcmb Un.ssh. N{µNqUv, F.Fw. J³hnðIÀ FónhcS§pó s_ômWv. Cu hIp¸v ap¼v \mep XhW tImSXnbnð tNmZywsN¿s¸«n«p-ïv.  PÌnkv Un.ssh. N{µNqUnsâ Aѳ PÌnkv ssh.hn. N{µNqUnsâ s_ômWv 1985þð CXpkw_Ôn¨ Hcp tIkv ]cntim[n¨v XoÀ¸m¡nbsXóXv {it²bamWv. kv{Xobñ, ]pcpj\mWv {]tem`n¸n¡póXv Fó Imcyw s]mXpth AwKoIcn¨XmsWóv Nqïn¡m«nbmWv ssh.hn. N{µNqUnsâ s_ôv 497þmw hIp¸v icnsh¨Xv. kv{XoIÄ¡v kwc£Ww \ðIpó Hcp \nbaw, AhÀ¡v enwKkaXz¯n\pÅ auenImhImi¯nsâ ewL\amIptamsbóv PÌnkv Un.ssh. N{µNqUv kwibw {]ISn¸n¨p. kv{Xosb Ccbmbn ImWpt¼mÄ AhÀ¡v \nbakwc£Ww Dsïóv IcpXm\mIptam? `À¯mhnsâ k½Xt¯msS ]c]pcpj_Ô¯nð GÀs¸Spt¼mÄ kv{Xo tIhew D]t`mKhkvXphnsâ \nebnte¡v XmgpIbtñsbópw N{µNqUv tNmZn-¨p. 

''Ahs\ shSnhp sImm t]mepw F-\nv tXmnbnpv, A{Xbvpw shdpmbn-cp-p'' ; PohnXnse ITn\ Znhksf-n caym \-oi-s sh-fn-s-Sp-

HcnSbv¡v kn\nabnð \nópw amdn\nó c-ay \-¼oi³ Ct¸mÄ Xncns¨¯pIbm-Wv. Xmc¯nsâ ]pXnb Xangv Nn{Xw "kXy' dneokns\mcp§pIbmWv. Nn{X¯nse buÆ\ Km\w CXnt\mSIw kq¸Àlnämbn Ignªp. kn\nabpsS hntij§Ä Hcp Hm¬sse³ am[ya¯nt\mSv ]¦pshbv¡póXn\nSbv¡v Xsâ XIÀó {]Wbs¯¡pdn¨pw cay shfns¸Sp¯n. {]Wbs¯¸än ap¼pw Xpdóp ]dªn«psï¦nepw C{Xtbsd shfns¸Sp¯epIÄ BZyamWv. PohnX¯nð {]Wb ss\cmiyw Dïmbncptóm Fó AhXmcIsâ tNmZy¯n\v DïmbncpópshómWv cay adp]Sn \ðInbXv. "AsXmcp {]Wb XIÀ¨bmsWóv ]dbm³ ]änñ. AXv F\n¡v skämbnsñóv thWw ]dbm³. tZjyhpw tIm]hpw Fñmw Dïmbncpóp. Ahs\ shSnsh¡Ww Fóphsc B kab¯v tXmópatñm. B kab¯v ]ckv]cw kwkmcn¨v ]ncnbpIbmbncpóp. ap³ ImapI³ Ct¸mÄ \ncmibnembncn¡pw. C{Xbpw henb Xmcs¯bmWtñm Hgnhm¡nbsXóv At±lw hnNmcn¡pópïmhpw. AhXmcI³ ]dªp. AsX\n¡v Adnbnñ. A¡mcyw At±lt¯mSv Xsó tNmZn¡Wwþcay ]dªp. Nmb CñmsX F\n¡v Hcp \nanjw t]mepw aptóm«v t]mIm³ ]änñ. Fs´mcp am\knI hnjaw Dsï¦nepw Nmbtbm _ncnbmWntbm Xómð Rm³ HmsI BIpsaópw cay ]dªp. ]cmPbw Fóv ]dbmsa¦nepw F\n¡v PohnX¯nð ]cmPbs¸Sm³ Xmð]cyanñ. AXpsImïv Rm³ XsóbmWv AXnð \nópw ]pd¯phóXv. Ct¸mÄ Rm³ t]mcmSpIbmWv, PohnX¯nð tXmð¡mXncn¡m³þ cay ]dªp. 

100 h-jw ap-v a-cn- bp-hm-hns t{]Xhpambn ssewKnI _ԯn Gssv sh-bn-kv kz-tZ-inbmb bp-h-Xn; B hn-Nn-{X A-\p-`-h-s-p-dn-p- sh-fn-s-Sp- C--s\....

B-ßm-¡Ä-¡v cq-]-anñ-F-óm-Wv I-Y-I-fnepw aäpw  \mw tI-«n-«p-ÅXv. F-ómð, bp-hm-hnsâ t{]Xhpam-bn Xm³ ssewKnI _Ô¯nð GÀs¸s«-ó sh-fn-s¸-Sp-¯-ep-am-bn cw-K-s¯-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv knbm³ sPbnwk¬ Fó 26 Im-cn. ImapI\pambpÅ {]Wb_Ôw XIÀóXn\p tijw aqóv hÀjw ap-¼v eï³ hn«v shbnðknð Xmak-am-¡n-b-t¸m-fpïm-b hn-Nn-{X kw-`-h-am-Wv bph-Xn tem-I-t¯m-Sv ]-¦v h-¨Xv. ]Xn\mdmw \qämïnð ]WnX Ct¸mgpw ]pXnbsXóv tXmón¡pó Hcp tImt«PmWv Xmak¯n\v sXcsªSp¯-Xv.  Häbv¡mbncpóp Xmakhpw. Hcp Znhkw {][m\ apdnbnð Npacnð Xq¡nbn«ncn¡pó Hcp kpµc\mb ]pcpjsâ Nn{Xw Xsâ I®nepS¡n. 1820 se Hcp s]bnânwKmbncpóp AXv. AXv B Nn{Xw Iït¸mÄ Xm³ XnI¨pw kt´mjhXnbmsbópw bphXn ]dbpóp.A§s\ Ipd¨p amk§Ä Ignªp. CXn\nsS Hcp Znhkw Xm³ Fgptóät¸mÄ Xsâ ASp¯v Npcpï apSnbpÅ HcmÄ Xsâ ASp¯v InS¡póXmbmWv IïXv. AbmÄ [cn¨ncpóXv shfp¯ Abª jÀ«pw Igp¯nð kv--ImÀ^pw sI«nbn«pïv. ]gb Imes¯ ^mj\pÅ {UÊmbncpóp AXv. Fómð AbmfpsS apJ¯v t\m¡nbt¸mÄ sR«nt¸mbn. Npacnð Xq¡nbn«n¡pó B s]bnânwKnse AtX apJw AtX Bfpw. AbmÄ Fsó sXm«Xp t]mepw Rm\dnªnñ, bphXn hniZoIcn¨p.X\nbv¡v AbmtfmSv BZyambn {]Wbw tXmónsbópw bphXn ]dbp-óp.  kv--t\l{]IS\¯n\nSbnð sSen]Xn hgn Rm³ AbmtfmSv Fñm Imcy§fpw tNmZn¨p a\knem¡n. tdm_À«v FómWv AbmfpsS t]scópw 100 hÀjw ap¼mWv Pohn¨ncpósXópw AbmÄ ]dªXmbn bphXn ]dbpóp. Fñmw Hcp kz]v--\¯nð ImWpó t]msebmWv ]nsó DïmbXv. AbmfpambpÅ imcocnI _Ôw hfsc BkzmZyambncpópshópw bphXn ]dbpópïv. BZyambn t{]Xhpambn ssewKnI _Ô¯nð GÀs¸«sXóv bphXn ]dbpóp. Fómð ]nóoSv X\n¡v tdm_À«nsâ Bßmhns\ Isï¯m\mbnñ. tImt«Pnepw ]cnkc¯psams¡ Xncsª¦nepw Abmsf Isï¯m\mbnñ. AbmfpsS Bßmhv AhnsS \nóv A{]Xy£ambncpóp. ]nóoSv Xm³ CtXm Ipdn¨v kplr¯p¡tfmSv ]dªt¸mÄ {`m´msWóv ]dªv Ifnbm¡n. CXv kXyamsWóv sXfnbn¡m³ F\nbv¡v sXfnhpIÄ \nc¯m\nñ. C¡mcWw sImïmWv Xm³ C¡mcyw am[ya§Ä¡v apónð ]dªsXóv bph-Xn sh-fn-s¸-Sp¯n. 

euhv PnlmZv Btcm]nv Poht\msS In kw-`-hw;hoUntbm ]-I-n-b-Xv 14 Imc ! sN-bvXXv IpIrXyambn Icp-Xp-n-sv {]-Xn, eu PnlmZv'Btcm]Ww Isav aplZv `m sjbv-n-s Ip-Spw-_w

eu PnlmZv Btcm]n¨v cmPØm\nð apkv--enw bphmhn-s\ {Iqcambn B{Ian¨p Xo sImfp¯n sImes¸Sp¯nbXnsâ sR«enð hnd§en¨p \nð¡pIbmWv cmPyw. sIme]mXI¯nsâ hoUntbm sIme]mXIn Xsó kaqlam[ya§fneqsS {]Ncn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóp. ]Ýna _wKmfnse amÄU kztZinbmb apl½Zv A^v--dPpemWv (48) ZmcpWambn sIme sN¿s¸«-Xv. iw`p emð sdbvKÀ Fó 38 Imc³ BWv A{^mkpñns\ AXn{Iqcambn sImes¸Sp¯nbXv. sFknkv {IqcXItf¡mÄ sR«n¸n¡póXmbncpóp B sIme]mXIw. Fómð AXntesd sR«n¸n¡póXmWv B Zriy§Ä ]IÀ¯nbXv Bcv Fó tNmZy¯nsâ D¯-cw. ipw`p-em-ensâ 14 hbkpÅ A\´ch\mWv ZmcpW Zriyw samss_enð ]IÀ¯n-bXv. arKs¯ sImñpóXnt\¡mfpw `oIcambn ]¨bv¡p I¯n¡pIbpw, AXv temI¯n\p apónð {]Ncn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXhsc Xq¡nteäWsaópw ZmcpWambn sImñs¸« apl-½Zv A^v--dPpsâ IpSpw_w Bhiyw DbÀ¯n. a\pjya\km£nsb sR«n¨ Cu sIme]mXI¯n\p ]nónð KqUmtemN\ Dsïópw IpSpw_w Btcm]n¨p. kw`h¯nð cmPØm³ B`y´ca{´n Kpem_v Nµv I«mcnb {]tXyIkwLs¯ At\zjW¯n\v \ntbmKn¨ncpóp. kw`hw hÀKob kwLÀj¯nte¡v \o§m³ km[yXbpsïó dnt¸mÀ«ns\ XpSÀóv kÀ¡mÀ AXoh Pm{KXbnemWv.F-ómð, Acpw sIm-esb \ymbo-I-cnv-Ip-I-bmWv {]Xn iw`p\mYv. Hcp IpäamWv Xm³ sNbvXsXóv hnizkn¡pónñ FómWv sZðhmc s]meokv tÌj\nð \n-ópw C-bmÄ ]dªXv.   Xsâ IpSpw_s¯ apgph³ CñmXm¡psaóv `ojWns¸Sp¯n apl½Zv `«m sjbvJmWv sXäp sNbvXsXómWv iw`p\mYnsâ hmZw."R§fpsS tImf\nbnse Hcp s]¬Ip«nbpambn AbmÄ Hfnt¨mSnbncpóp. Ahsf Xncn¨psImïphcm³ Rm³ klmbn¨p. Fsâ acpaI³ hgnbmWv Cu hoUntbm Dïm¡nbXv. F\n¡v B Ip«nsb ]ïpapXte Adnbmw. AhfpsS ktlmZcs\m¸amWv Rm³ ]Tn¨ncpóXv.' iw`p\mYv ]dªp. tNmZyw sN¿en\mbn iw`p\mYnsâ acpaIs\bpw IÌUnbnseSp¯n«psïóv s]meokv Adnbn¨p.euPnlmZnsâ CcIfmb lnµp ktlmZcnamsc c£n¡m³ thïnbmWv Xm³ CXv sN¿pósXómbncpóp IgnªZnhkw hoUntbmbnð CbmÄ ]dªXv. ChcpsS sIWnbnðs]ScpXv FómWv Xsâ Fñm lnµp ktlmZcnamtcmSpw At]£n¡m\pÅsXópw CbmÄ hoUntbmbnð ]dªncpóp."\½Ä lnµp¡sfñmhcpw PmXnt`Zat\y CÉmanI PnlmZnIÄs¡Xnsc Hcpan¨v \nð¡Ww. sslµh hnImc§Ä {hWs¸Sp¯pó ]ßmhXn ]nsI t]mepÅ kn\naIÄ HcpXc¯nepw A\phZn¡cpXv. Pbvlnµv, `mcXv amXm Io Pbv ' Fóp ]dªmWv CbmÄ hoUntbm Ahkm\n¸n-¨Xv. AÑs\ sImñpó hoUntbm Iïpshópw, AXpt]mse Xsó Ipä¡mscbpw sImñWsaópw aIÄ ]-d-bp-óp. km¼¯nIambn Gsd ]ntóm¡w \nð¡pó A^vPdpð tPmen tXSnbmWv cmPØm\nse¯nbXv. `mcybpw aqóp s]¬a¡fpaS§póXmWv CbmfpsS IpSpw_w. A^v--dPpensâ A{]Xo£nX acW¯nsâ sR«ð IpSpw_s¯ Ct¸mgpw hn«pt]mbn«nñ. amÄUbnð \nóv 25 Intem aoäÀ AIsebpÅ kbvZv]qÀ {Kma¯nse ImfnbmN¡nemWv CbmfpsS IpSpw_w Xmakn¡p-óXv. Ignª 20 hÀjambn cmPØm\nð tPmen sNbvXp hcnIbmbncpóp A^v--dPpð. sI«nS \nÀamW sskäpIfnð tPmen sN¿póXnt\msSm¸w tdmUv AäIpä ]WnIfpw sNbvXmWv CbmÄ IpSpw_¯n\v ]Ww Ab¨p sImSp¯ncpóXv. apS§msX ho«nte¡v ]Ww Ab¨p sImSp¡mdpÅ A^v--dPpð s]cpómÄ t]mepÅ BtLmj§fnð ]s¦Sp¡m³ ho«nse¯mdpapïv.sImñs¸Spó Znhkhpw D¨bv¡p `À¯mhv t^mWnð hnfn¨p XtómSv kwkmcn¨ncpóXmbn `mcy KpÀ^À _n_n ]dbp-óp. 50,000 cq] _m¦nð \nópw Xm³ DS³ Ab¡psaómWv At±lw t^mWneqsS ]dªXv. A¡uïnte¡v ]Ww hómð C¡mcyw Xsó hnfn¨v Adnbn¡Wsaópw At±lw Bhiys¸«p. Fómð ]W¯n\mbn Xm³ Gsd t\sc Im¯ncpsó¦nepw ^eapïmbnsñóv KpÀ^À I®otcmsS ]dbpóp. XpSÀóp `À¯mhnsâ t^mWnte¡p hnfn¨t¸mgmWv At±lw sIme sN¿s¸« hnhcw AdnªsXópw AhÀ Iq«nt¨À¯p. Pkvaod, sdKn\, 16 Imcnbmb l_o_ Fóo aqóp s]¬ a¡Ä AS§nbXmWv A^v--dPpensâ IpSpw_w. ]nXmhns\Xntc eu PnlmZv Btcm]n¨v sImes¸Sp¯nsbó hmÀ¯ sR«temsSbmWv ChÀ tI-«Xv.kÀ¡mcnð \nópw \oXnbmWv X§Ä {]Xo£n¡póXv. ]nXmhns\ sImes¸Sp¯nbbmÄ¡v h[in£ Xsó \ðIWw. AXn\p km[n¨nsñ¦nð kÀ¡mÀ XsóbmWv Ipä¡mscóp sdKn\ ]dbpóp. ]nXmhv tPmen sN¿pó Øe¯p XsóbmWv sdKn\bpsS `À¯mhpw tPmen sN¿póXv. am{Xañ Xsâ A½mh\pw ]nXmhnsâ ktlmZc\psañmw ChnsS XsóbmWv tPmen sNbvXncpósXóv AhÀ Iq«nt¨À¯p. Hcp kv{Xobpambn _Ôapsïóp Btcm]n¨mWv {]Xn ]nXmhns\ sImes¸Sp¯nbXv. Fómð Ahsbñmw ]¨¡ÅamsWóp sdKn\ hyàam¡n. Xsâ `À¯mhpw ]nXmhns\m¸amWv IgnªncpóXv. sIme]mXIn Btcm]n¡póXp t]msesbmcp kw`hapsï¦nð AXv `À¯mhv Adnbntñsbóp AhÀ tNmZn¨p.am{Xañ Xsâ A½mh\pw AÑs\m¸amWv tPmensbSp¯ncpóXv. Fs´¦nepw tamiw Imcyw At±lw sN¿pIbmsW¦nð A½mh³ Xsâ A½sb Adnbn¡ntñsbópw sdKn\ tNmZn¡póp. `À¯mthm A½mht\m Hcn¡ðt¸mepw ]nXmhns\¡pdn¨v tamiambn Hópw ]dªn«nsñópw ChÀ Iq«nt¨À¯p.

AarX PbefnXbpsS aI; ssaemqcn P\n Ipnsb {_mW IpSpw_ns A]am\w `bv clkyambn am-n;PbefnXsb AarX hnfnncpXv s]cnb-sbv; kplrns shfnsSp

A´cn¨ ap³ Xangv--\mSv apJya{´n PbefnXbpsS aIfmsWóv AhImis¸«v cwKs¯¯n-b Aa-r-X Fó bphXn ]dbpóXv icnbmsWóv PbefnXbpsS kplr¯v sI. Fkv. Ko-X.PbefnXbv¡v Hcp aIÄ DÅXmbn X\n¡v Adnbmambncpsóóv KoX ]dªp. Fómð aIÄ FhnsSbmsWóv a\knem¡m³ km[n¨ncpónsñópw {]apJ Xangv am[yat¯mSv KoX ]-dªp.Xm³ PbefnXbpsS aIfmsWóv sXfnbn¡póXn\v Un.F³.F sSÌv \S¯Wsaómbncp-óp A-ar-X-bp-sS Bhiyw. C¡mcyw Bhiys¸«v kp{]ow tImSXnsb kao]n¨ AarXtbmSv IÀWmSI sslt¡mSXnsb kao]n¡m\mbncpóp tImSXn \nÀt±iw. AarX \nbat]mcm«w XpScm³ Xocpam\n¨ncn-s¡-bmWv AhÀ PbbpsS aIÄ Xsósbóv km£ys¸Sp¯n Ko-X-cw-K-s¯-¯n-b-Xv. \S³ tim`³ _m_phpw ASp¯ IpSpw_ kplr¯mWv. CXv kw_Ôn¨pw PbefnXsb¡pdn¨pw At±lw Hcp]mSv Imcy§Ä ]dªn«psïópw KoX ]dªp. Xm³ Bscbpw tXSn t]mbn«nñ. AarX Xsó tXSn hcnIbmbncpóp. PbefnXbv¡v \oXn In«m³ Xm³ \S¯pó t]mcm«w {i²bnðs¸«mWv AarX Xsâ ASpt¯¡v hósXópw KoX ]dªp. \nch[n Imcy§Ä AarX ]dªp. s]cnb½ FómWv AhÄ Pbsb hnfn¨ncpóXv. Fómð sshInbmWv Ahfpw bmYmÀ°yw a\knem¡nbXv. Un.F³.F sSÌv \S¯nbmð kXyw ]pd¯v hcpsaópw KoX ]dªp. iinIetbmSv kwkmcn¡cpsXóv PbefnbX AarXtbmSv ]dªncpóp. aäv Nne Imcy§fpw AhnsS \Són«pïv. C¡mcyw Un.F³.F sSÌn\v tijw ]dbpsaópw KoX ]dªp. H. ]\oÀskðhhpw Nne a{´namcpw AarXsb Iïn«pïv. PbefnXbpsS acWtijw aIfmsWóv AhImis¸«v ]ecpw cwK¯v hót¸mgpw {]XnIcn¡mXncpó Zn\Ic\S¡apÅhÀ AarXbv--s¡Xnsc F´n\mWv tcm£w sImÅpóXv. \oXn tXSn {][m\a{´n¡pw cm{ã]Xn¡pw AarX I¯b¨n«pïv. iinIe Ifn¨sXñmw \mSIambncpóp. AhÀ apónð hómð Xm³ Xñpambncpsóópw KoX XpdóSn¨p. 980 HmKÌv 14\v ssaem¸qcnemWv AarX P\n¨Xv. {_mÒW IpSpw_¯nsâ A]am\w `bóv Ip«nsb amäpIbmbncpóp FómWv ]pd¯v hcpó kqN-\IÄ.`cWLS\m \nÀ½mW kanXn AwKhpw kzmX{´y kac tk\m\nbpambncpó tam«qcn kXy\mcmbWbpsS t]c¡p«nbmWv KoX. PbefnXbpsS A½ kÔybpw KoXbpsS A½ ktcmPn\nbpw ASp¯ kplr¯p¡fmbncpóp. PbefnXbpsS acW¯nð IqSpXð At\zjWw Bhiys¸«pw thZ\neb¯ntebpw At¸mtfm Bip]{Xnbntebpw knknSnhn Zriy§Ä kq£n¡Wsaóv Bhiys¸«v KoX tImSXnsb kao]n¨ncpóp. Xm³ PbefnXbpsS aIfmsWó AarXbpsS AhImihmZs¯ PbefnXbpsS AÀ² ktlmZcnamcmb Fð.Fkv efnX, cRvPn\n cho{µ\mYv FónhÀ AwKoIcn¨n«pïv. PbefnXbpsS ktlmZcnbmWv Xsó hfÀ¯nbsXópw Xm³ PbefnXbpsS aIfmsWóv AhcpsS acWtijamWv AdnªsXópamWv AarXbpsS hm-Zw.  

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