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sam-ss_ t^m C, Ir-Xyam-b ta-hn-em-k-an; 3 hjw s]meokns\ hwIdnb BSv BWnsb s]meokv Fs\ IpSpn? hjġv tijw Fkv]nbpsS shfnsSp

Ipds¨mópañ BSv BâWnsbó sImSpw Ipähmfn tIcfm s]meokns\ he¨Xv. tk\bnse HcwK¯ns\ Ip¯ns¡mó BSns\ aqóv hÀjs¯ ITn\m[zm\¯n\v tijamWv s]eokv ]nSnIqSpóXv. sN¿pó IpäIrXy§fpw c£s¸Spó coXnbpw sImïv Gsd hyXykvX\mWv BSv BâWn.BSnð XpS§n Cet{ÎmWnIv km[\§fpsS tamjWhpw sIme]mXIhpw. BâWn hÀKoskó BSv BâWnbpsS PohnXw kn\nam¡YIsf shñpw. sImñw Pnñbnse Ip¼f¯v \nó HcmSns\ tamãn¨ tijw ]nSnbnemb BâWn¡v Aóv apXemWv BSv BâWnsbó t]cv hoWXv. cmPy¯nsâ hnh[ `mK§fnð tamjWw \S¯nbn«pÅ BSv BâWn AhnsS \nsóms¡ s]meokns\ sh«n¨v IS¡pw. sNñpóbnSs¯ms¡ `mcyamÀ. tamjW km[\§Ä kq£n¡m³ BVw_c ^v--emäpIÄ. hnhn[ thj§fnð `mh§fnð BSv kpJ PohnXw \bn¨p. 2012 Pq¬ 26 \v ]peÀs¨ Hmbqcnse Hcp ho«nð tamjsW \S¯nb tijw Xangv--\mSv cPnkv--t{Sj\nepÅ Hav--\n hm\nð c£s¸SpIbmbncpó BSv BâWnsb ]mcn¸Ån¡v kao]w h¨v FFkv--sF tPmbnbpw kwLhpw XSªv \nÀ¯n. FFkv--sF tPmbnsbbpw s]meokv ss{UhÀ aWnb³ ]nÅsbbpw hm\nð InSó I¼n¸mc FSp¯v Ip¯n. aWnb³ ]nÅ Ipt¯äv acn¨p. FFksF tPmbn ]cn¡pItfmsS c£s¸«p. kÀÆ kóml§fpambn ImSpw taSpw Acn¨v s]dp¡nbn«pw BSnsâ s]mSn t]mepw In«nbnñ. BSnsâ hnhn[ cq]¯nepÅ Nn{X§Ä \msS§pw ]Xns¨¦nepw ^eapïmbnñ. sImebv¡v tijw Xncph\´]pcs¯ ho«nse¯n `mcy kqkWpsam¯v BSv ap§n. hgnbnð kqksW Dt]£n¨v ]pXnb ImapIns¡m¸w t]mbn. aqóv hÀj¯n\n¸pdw 2015 HtÎm_À 13 \v ]me¡mSv \nópw BSns\ ]nSnIpSpóXpw CbmfpsS kv{Xo¡¼w apXseSp¯m-Wv. kz´ambn samss_ð t^m¬ t]mepw ssIbnð CñmXncpó BSv BâWnsb t]meokv ]nSnIqSnbXv F§s\sbóv apXnÀó Fkv]n shfns¸Sp¯nbnbv¡pIbmWv Ct¸mÄ. Xriqcnð \Só Pq\nbÀ Fkv.sFamcpsS Hcp ]cnioe\ ¢mÊnemWv Fkv]n BâWnsb IpSp¡nb hnhcw shfns¸Sp¯nbXv. IpäIrXyw F§s\ sXfnbn¡pw..? HfnhnepÅ {]Xnsb F§s\ IpSp¡mw..? samss_ð t^m¬ GXpXc¯nsems¡ At\zjWs¯ klmbn¡pw..? Fón§s\ taeptZymKØÀ X§fpsS A\p`h§Ä ]¦pshbv¡póXn\nsSbmWv BSv BâWnbpsS tIknsâ At\zjW NpaXebpïmbncpó apXnÀó s]meokv DtZymKس tIknsâ hnhc§Ä hyàam¡nbXv. samss_ð t^m¬ D]tbmKn¨v s]meokv {]XnIsf IpSp¡nb ]e IYIfpw \½Ä tI«n«pïv, t^m¬ I¿nepsï¦nð {]Xnsb ]nSn¡msaóv GXp s]meokpImc\pw Adnbmw. {]Xn¡pw Adnbmw. t^mWnse ]gb knw Ducn ]pXnbXn«mepw sF.Fw.C.sF. \¼À t\m¡n ]nSn¡msaó Imcyhpw Gsd¡psd BfpIÄ¡dnbmw. Fómð t^mWnñm¯ BSv BâWnsb IpSp¡nb Fkv]nbpsS IYbv¡mWv tIÄhn¡mÀ IqSpXð DïmbXv. samss_ð t^m¬ tI{µoIcn¨pÅ At\zjW ¢mknð AXphsc Dd§nbncpó ]ecpw BImw£tbmsS Fkv]nsb {ihn¨p. Fñm Fkv.sFamcpsS a\knepw HtcHcp tNmZyw. t^m¬ D]tbmKn¡mXncpómð F§s\ {]Xnsb ]nSn¡mw. A§s\bmWv BSv BâWnsb¸änbpw At\zjW clky§fpw At±lw shfns¸Sp¯nbXv. Ccpóqtdmfw {Inan\ð tIkpIfnð {]Xnbmb BSv BâWnbpsS IY Fñm s]meokv DtZymKØÀ¡pw DuÀPw ]IcpóXmbncpóp. tIkntes¡mcp F¯nt\m«w.t]meokpImcs\ Ip¯ns¡mó tijw \mSphn« BSv BâWn aqóv hÀjamWv t]meokns\ h«w Id¡nbXv. {]Xnsb ]nSn¡póXn\mbn ]e coXnIfpw ]bänsb¦nepw \Sónñ. sImñw ]mcn¸nÅn tÌj\nð s]meokpImc³ aWnb³ ]nÅsb Ip¯ns¡mó tijw \mSphnSpIbmbncpóp. BSv BâWn hcm\nSbpÅ Øe§Ä, _ÔphoSpIÄ Fón§s\ FñmbnS¯pw s]meokns\ Uyq«n¡n«p. Fón«pw c£bnñmXmb t]meokv ]c¡w ]mbpóXnsSbmWv BâWn ]me¡mSv sImgnª¼mdbnð Hcp kv{Xosb hnhmlw Ign¨Xmbn hnhcw e`n¡póXv. XpSÀóv B kv{Xosb ]n³XpSÀóp. CXn\nsS, Xangv\m«nse [mcm]pc¯v BSv BâWn Hcp hoSp hm§nbXmbpw s]meokn\v kqN\ In«n. AhnsSbpw, s]meokv Im¯p\nóp. ]s£ BSv BâWn hónñ. h\nXm s]meokpImsc BSv BâWnbpsS `mcybvs¡m¸w Xmakn¸n¨p. BSv BâWn sImebmfnbmsWóv Adnbm¯ B kv{Xo s]meokpambn klIcn¨p. Znhk¯nð cïp XhW `mcysb hnfn¡pw. AXpw, GsX¦nepw sSent^m¬ _q¯nð \nóv. t^msWSp¡pt¼mÄ s]meokv sdt¡mÀUv sN¿pw. s]meoknsâ sXm«Sp¯p \nómWv `mcy kwkmcn¡pI. s]meokv hfªn«psïó hnhcw `mcybv¡v BâWntbmSv ]dbm\pw ]änbnñ. cïp Znhkw Ignªmð sImgnªm¼mdbnð hcpópsïómWv `mcytbmSv BSv BâWn ]dªXv. s]meokv AhnsS Im¯ncpóp.BSv BâWn t^m¬ sN¿ms\¯nbmð _q¯nð sh¨v ]nSnIqSm\mbncpóp s]meoknsâ Dt±iyw. ]t£, BSv BâWn t^m¬ sN¿m³ ]nsó _q¯nte¡v hónñ. \mð]¯nsb«p aWn¡qÀ \nÀWmbIambncpóp. A§s\ cïp Znhks¯ Im¯ncn¸ns\mSphnð aqómw Znhkw cm{Xn BSv BâWn hóp. A§s\ Hfn¨ncpó s]meokv kwLw Cbmsf hfªn«v ]nSnIqSn. \oï Imew t]meokns\ sh«n¨v ap§nb {]Xnsb A§s\ samss_ð t^mWnsâ klmbw CñmsX ]nSnIqSpIbpw sNbvXp. Hcp]s£ BSv BâWn samss_ð t^m¬ D]tbmKn¨ncpópsh¦nð FkvFwFkv ktµiw hgntbm t^mWnð hnfnt¨m `mcy¡v kqN\ \ðIm³ km[nt¨s\ FómWv t]meokv ]dbpóXv. AXpsImïv BâWn ]nSn¡s]Sm³ ImcWw samss_ð D]tbmKn¡mXncpóXmWv FóXmWv.

ImapIs\mw Xmaknm `mhn-s\ sImp, `mhv acnnsv aphsc t_m[ysSpm ImapIs apJw BknsUmgnv s]mnv hnIrXam-n,5 ew cq] `rhopImcn \nv hmn mnIv k-dn; H-Sp-hn- Fmw s]m-fn-Xv 'B-[m'

ImapI\pambn Pohn¡m³ `À¯mhns\ sImes¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw ]n-óo-Sv Ip-ä-IrXyw a-d-bv-¡m³ kn-\n-am-cw-K-§-sf-t¸mepw shñp-ó co-Xn-bnð Bkq{XnX \o¡w \-S-¯p-Ibpw sNbvX bph-Xn A-d-kv-än-em-bn.`À¯mhns\ sImes¸Sp¯nb tijw ImapIsâ apJ¯v BknsUmgn¨v `À¯mshóv hcp¯m³ {ian¡pIbmbncpóp bphXn. sXe¦m\bnse \KÀIpÀ\qð PnñbnemWv kw`hw \S-óXv. cïphÀjw ap¼v hnhmlnXbmb bphXn ImapIs\ kz´am¡m\pw `À¯mhns\ CñmXm¡m\pw hfsc Bkq{XnXambmWv Icp\o¡w \S¯nbXv. BZysamópw CXv ]nSn¡s¸«panñ. ]t£ _Ôp¡fpsS kwib¯ns\mSphnð B[mÀ kXyw ]pd¯psImïp hcnIbmbncpóp.kzmXn Fó bphXn Xsâ `À¯mhv kp[mIÀ sdÍnsb ImapI³ cmtPjnsâ klmbt¯msS sImes¸Sp¯pIbpw arXtZlw Im«n\pÅnð I¯n¨pIfbpIbpw sN¿pIbmbncpóp. `À¯mhns\ sImes¸Sp¯n ImapIs\ H¸w Xmakn¸n¡m³ kzmXn \S¸m¡nb IpX{´w C-§s\þkzmXnsb `À¯mhmb kp[mIÀ hnhmlw Ign¡póXv cïphÀjw ap¼mWv. CXn\p apt¼ ImapI\mb cmtPjpambn ASp¸¯nembncpóp. cmtPjns\m¸w Xmakn¡m³ kzmXn `À¯mhns\ sImes¸Sp¯m³ ]²XnbnSpIbmbncpóp. \hw_À 22 \mWv \mKÀIpÀ\qð PnñbnepÅ hkXnbnð sh¨v Dd§nInS¡pIbmbncpó kp[mIdns\ kzmXn Xe¡Sn¨v sImes¸Sp¯n-bXv. ]nóoSv arXtZlw AIsebpÅ sabvk½ h\¯nð Dt]£n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.IYbnse SznÌv Act§dpóXv CXn\ptijamWv. kp[mIÀ acn¨n«nsñópw H¸apÅXv ImapI\msWóv Xncn¨dnbmXncn¡póXn\p thïn cmtPjnsâ apJ¯v BknUv Xfn¨v s]mÅteð¸n¨p. sslZcm_mZnð sh¨v AÚmXsâ BknU B{IaW¯nð `À¯mhn\v s]mÅteäpshómWv kzmXn ho«pImsc Adnbn¨Xv. cmtPjnsâ NnInÕ¡mbn Aôp e£w cq] kp[mIdnsâ ho«pImÀ sNehgn¨ncpóp. NnInÕ¡p tijw apJw ¹mÌnIv kÀPdnbneqsS kp[mIctâXp t]msebm¡m\mbncpóp \o¡w. Fómð kÀPdn¡v tijw s]cpamä¯nepw _Ôp¡fpambn CS]gIpt¼mgpw kp[mIÀ sdÍn Akm[mcWambn s]cpamdpópshó Iï CbmfpsS IpSpw_w s]meokns\ kao]n¨p. XpSÀóv \S¯nb At\zjW¯n\mbn CbmfpsS hnceSbmfw ]cntim[n¨t¸mgmWv kXyw ]pd¯phóXv. kp[mIdn\v ]Icw BÄamdm«w \S¯n aIs\t¸mse \Sn¡póXv cmtPjv FóbmfmsWóv B[mÀ hnhc§Ä shfns¸Sp¯n. CtXmsS Cbmsf IÌUnbnseSp¯p tNmZyw sNbvXt¸mgmWv kn\nam¡Ysb shñpó sIme]mXI¯nsâ hnhc§Ä ]pd¯phóXv. ImapI\mb cmtPjnt\msSm¸w Pohn¡m³ thïnbmWv `À¯mhmb kp[mIÀ sdÍnsb sImes¸Sp¯nbsXóv kzmXnbpw k½Xn-¨p. CXn\p ]nómse kp[mIÀ sdUnbpsS arXtZlw sabvk½ h\¯nð \nóv t]meokv IsïSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp.Ccphtcbpw PpUojyð IÌUnbnð hn«ncn¡pIbmWv. sXep¦p kn\nabbmb sbhUphnse cwK§fmWv {]XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³ {ian¨Xv. ]t£ kp[mIdmbn BÄamdm«w \S¯nbXnð cmtPjn\pïmb ]nghv Ccphscbpw IpSp¡pIbmbncpóp.

{]m-bw shdpw B-dp hb-v; dbms hmjnI hcpam\w 70 tImSn cq]; tPmen Ifn-m-w \n-cq-]-Ww..!!

Hópw ]Tn-¡m-sX k-Zm k-a-bhpw I-fn-am-{X-am-bn \-S-¡p-ó Ip-«n-IÄ  am-Xm-]nXm-¡-fp-sS kam[m-\w sI-Sp-¯p-¯m-dpïv. F-ómð, Bdv h-b-kp-Im-c\mb dbm-sâ am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä-¡v a-I-sâ I-fn A-{X X-e-th-Z-\-bm-Im³ Nm³-knñ. Im-cWw, Cu {]m-b-¯nð Cu sIm-¨p-an-Sp-¡³ ho-«n-en-cpóv 'I-fn-¨v' k-¼m-Zn-¡p-ó-Xv hÀ-jw 7 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv. bpSyq_neqsS Ifn¸m«§fpsS dnhyq \S¯nbmWv Cu ]Wsams¡bpïm¡póXv. t^m_vkv amknIbpsS IW¡\pkcn¨v bpSyq_neqsS Gähpa[nIw hcpam\apïm¡póhcpsS Iq«¯nð F«mw Øm\amWv dbm\v. Fñm Ip«nItfbpw t]mse Ifn¸m«t¯mSpÅ XmXv]cyapïmbncpóp. CXv ]nóoSv Ifn¸m«§fpsS dnhyq ImWpóXnte¡pw \o§n. ]nsó F´psImïv X\n¡pw CXv sN¿m³ km[n¡nñ Fóv Nn´n¡póXv. henbhÀ Ifn¸m«s¯¡pdn¨v ]dbpóXnepw B[nImcnIX Xm³ ]dbpóXmIpsaóv dbm³ Nn´n¨p. CtXmsS 2015ð Xsâ \memw hbÊnð dbm³ tSmbv--kv dnhyq Fó t]cnð Hcp Nm\ð Bcw`n¡pIbpw dnhyq \S¯pIbpw sN¿pIbmbncpóp.{]Xo£n¨Xnt\¡mÄ henb kzoImcyXbmWv hoUntbmIÄ¡v e`n¨Xv. 2015 Pqssebnð Nn{XoIcn¨ Hcp hoUntbm 801,624,333  t]cmWv CXnt\mSIw Iï-Xv. amXm]nXm¡fpsS klmbt¯msSbmWv dbm³ dnhyq \S¯póXv. Nn{XoIchpw FUnän§psams¡ amXm]nXm¡Ä sN¿pw. amkw Hcp aney³ tUmfdne[nIamWv hcpam\w. {]XnhÀjw 70 tImSn C´y³ cq]tbmfw hcpw bpSyq_nð \nóv e`n¡pó ]Ww. {]ikvX\mbtXmsS ]e {]apJ Ifn¸m« I¼\nIfpw X§fpsS ]pXnb Dð¸ó§Ä dbm\v Ab¨psImSp¯v dnhyq sN¿n¡pópïv Ct¸mÄ. 10,134,637 k_vkvss{It_gv--kmWv dbmsâ bpSyq_v Nm\en\pÅXv.            

sjdn amXyqkns\ ASw sNbvX ew shfnsSp-n; Hcp Ipnbpmbn-pw \fbnse kckzXnsb sjdn amXyqkm-nbXns clkyw Adnv sRn Atacn aebmfnI; shnpw kn\npsaXnsc sImepw Npam\pdv At\zjW kwLw

bp.Fknð sImñs¸« aqóphbÊpImcn sjdn³ amXyqknsâ arXtZlw kwkv--Icn¨ Øew shfns¸Sp¯n. sjdnsâ hfÀ¯p amXm]nXm¡fpw FdWmIpfw kztZinIfpamb shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIfpsS UmfÊnepÅ hoSn\Sp¯mWv sjdns\ kwkv--Icn¨ncn¨ncn¡póXv. kwkv--Imc¯n\p tijw Cu Øew clkyam¡n sh¨ncn¡pIbmbncpóp. sjdn³ kqk³ amXyqkv FómWv Iñdbnð ]Xn¨n«pÅ Iñnð sIm¯nbncn¡póXv. hfsc Ipd¨ t]À am{Xambncpóp sjdnsâ kwkv--Imc¯nð ]s¦Sp-¯Xv. bp.Fknse C´y³ Z¼XnIÄ Zs¯Sp¯v hfÀ¯pIbmbncpó sjdns\ \hw_À BZyamWv ImWmXmbXv. XpSÀóv hoSnsâ ap¡mð Intem aoäÀ AIsebpÅ Iep¦n\v ASnbnð Ip«nsb acn¨ \nebnð Isï¯n. kw`h¯nð AdÌnembn«pÅ aebmfnI-fmb Z¼XnIsf ChcpsS kz´w Ipªns\ ImWpóXnð \nópw hne¡nbn«pïv.A-tX-k-a-bw, `nó tij¡mÀ¡v Atacn¡bnð kÀ¡mÀ \ðIpó ap´nb ]cn-K-W-\bpw km¼¯nI klmbhpw \ð-Ipw X«nsbSp¡m\mbmWv C´ybnð \nópw sjdn³ amXyq-kn-s\ Z-¼-XnIÄ Zs¯-Sp-¯v F-óm-Wv kqN-\. shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIÄ¡v sjdnsâ acW¯nð t\cn«v ]¦psïómWv s]meokv kwibn¡póXv. AXpsImïv Xsó CcphÀ¡psaXnsc s]meokv sIme¡päw Npa¯psaómWv kqN\. CtXmsS Atacn¡³ aebmfnIÄ t]mepw shÉnþkn\n Z¼XnIsf ssIhnSpIbmWv.`nó tijn¡mcpsS B\pIqey§Ä X«nsbSp¡m\mWv `nó tijn¡msc Atacn¡³ ]ucXzapÅhÀ Zs¯Sp¡póXv. ChnsS A¯cw Ip«nIsf hfÀ¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ Fñm klmbhpw \ðIpw. km¼¯nIambn IpSpw_¯n\v \ñ klmbamWv. CXv X«nsbSp¡m\mWv shÉnbpw kn\nbpw {ian¨Xv. AñmsX sjd³ amXyqknt\mSv Hcp kv--t\lhpw Cñmbncpóp. CXmWv Ip«nbpsS sImebnte¡v Imcy§sf¯n¨-Xv.  C´ybnð \nóv `nó tijn¡msc Zs¯Sp¡pó Atacn¡¡mÀ GsdbmWv. AhcpsS Fñmw a\ÊnepÅXv kv--t\l¯n\¸pdapÅ kÀ¡mÀ klmbamWv.Z\v]XnIÄ Zs¯Sp¯ sjdns\ \hw_À BZyw ImWmXmhpIbpw cïmgvNbv¡ptijw arXtZlw hoSn\p ap¡mð IntemaoäÀ AIse Iep¦n\Snbnð Isï¯pIbpambncp-óp. ho«nse KmtcPnðh¨v \nÀ_Ôn¨v ]mep IpSn¸n¨t¸mÄ Ipªn³sd sXmïbnð ]mð Ipcp§n izmkwap«n acn¨pshómWv shÉn samgn \evInbsXóv dn¨mUvk¬ \Kc¯nse t]meokv ]dªp. Fómð, ASnb´c BtcmKy kÀhokn³sd tkh\w shÉn tXSnbnñ. \gvkv IqSnbmb `mcy kn\nsbbpw hnhcw Adnbn¨nñ. icoc¯nð\nóp NqSpt]mIpw ap\vt] arXtZlw Dt]£n¡pIbmbncpóp.  

\S Pbs ktlmZcs aIfmsW-v ko-cn-b \Sn Snhn ]cn]mSnbn; bphXnsb Adnbnsv Nqnmn tkma \mbcpsS aI, a-dp-]-Sn-bp-am-bn \-Sn

a-g-hnð a-t\m-c-a Nm-\-en-ð dnan tSman AhXcn¸n¡p-ó Hópw Hópw aq-óv Fóv ]cn]mSn-bnð A-´-cn-¨ hn-Jym-X \S³ Pbsâ A\pPsâ aIfmsWóv AhImi-s¸-«v ko-cn-b³ \-Sn D-am \mbÀ. Fómð CXv sXämsWópw BÀ¡pw Chsc Adnbnsñópw P-bsâ A\pP³ tkma³ \mbcpsS a-IÄ e-£v-an t^-kv-_p-¡v sse-hnð ]-d-bp-óp. ]cn]mSnbpsS AhXmcnIbmb dnantSman t]mepw AXnibn¡pamdmWv bphXn ]cn]mSnbnð s]cpamdnbXpw D¯c§Ä \ðInbXpw. Pb`mcXn Ikn\msWópw Pbs\ heyѳ FómWv hnfn¡pósXópw ChÀ ]dªp. ""AhÀ A\pP¯nþtPjvT¯n a¡fmWv. Fsâ AÑsâ A½bpw heyÑ-sâ(P-bsâ) A½bpw A\pP¯nbpw tN¨nbpamWv'', D-am \mbÀ ]cn]mSnbnð ]dbp-óp. Fómð C¯cw AhImihmZ§sf ]mtS XÅn¡fbpI-bm-Wv Pb-sâ A-\p-Psâ a-IÄ e-£v-an. C-Xv Iq-Sm-sX ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS A-h-Xm-c-Ibm-b dn-an tSm-an-sbbpw e-£van hn-aÀ-in-¡póp. F-ómð {i-t²-bam-b a-säm-cp Im-cyw, D-am \m-bÀ H-cn-¡-epw Xm³ Pb-sâ A-\pP³ tkma³ \mb-cp-sS a-I-fm-Wv F-óv A-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp-ónñ F-ó-XmWv. D-am- \m-b-cp-sS A-NvvO-sâ A-½bpw Pb-sâ A-½bpw A-\p-P-¯nbpw tN-¨n-bp-am-sWóp Xm-cw X-só dnan tSm-an-ap-sS tNm-Zy-¯n-\v D-¯-c-am-bn hn-i-Zo-I-cn-¨v \ð-Ip-óp-ap-ïv. F-ómð, e-£v-an-bp-sS t^-kv-_p-¡v ssehv ]pd-¯p h-cn-Ibpw hoUntbm sshm-d-em-Ip-Ibpw sN-bv-X-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ-óv {]-Xn-I-c-W-hp-am-bn D-am \m-bcpw t^-kv-_p-¡v sse-hnð F¯n. Xm³ Nm-\enð ]-d-ª-Im-cy-§Ä Fñmw k-Xy-amsWópw Pb-sâ A-\p-P-sâ a-IÄ a-IÄ F-ó ]Z-hn X-«n-sb-Sp-¡m-\ñ Xm³ A§-s\ ]-d-ª-sXópw Xm-cw ]-d-bp-óp. At±-l-¯n-sâ t]-cv D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v C-tó h-sc Hópw Xm³ t\-Sn-bn-«n-sñópw D-a \m-bÀ hy-à-am-¡n.am-\-\-ã tI-kp-am-bn Xm³ ap-tóm-«p t]m-bmð e£van  a-dp]-Sn \ð-tI-ïnhcp-saópw D-a ]-d-bpóp.

temIv CXphsc \S Zpc Fmw \qmpIġp apv {]h-Nn t\mkv{SUmaknsd sRnp ASp {]hN\w tIcfspdnv...!!

temI¯v CXphsc \Só Zpc´§Ä Fñmw \qämïpIÄ¡p ap¼v {]hNn¨ hyànbmWv t\mkv{SUm-akv.cmPohv KmÔnbpsS acWw XpS§n ]eXpw At±l¯nsâ ]pkvXI¯nepïv. At±l¯nsâ ]pkvXI¯nð CXphsc temI¯v \Sóncn¡pó Imcy§sfms¡ FgpXnbn«pïv. Fómð Ct¸mÄ B {]hN\w Dów sh¨v \nð¡póXv apñs¸cnbmÀ Zpc´amsWómWv dnt¸mÀ«v. 1566ð {^m³knð Pohn¨ncpó t\mkv{SUmakv hcpw \qämïpIfnð \S¡pó kw`h§tf¡pdn¨v Bbnc¡W¡n\v {]hN\§Ä \S¯nbn«pïv. Ct±l¯nsâ {]hN\§Ä 10 hmey§fmbmWv {]kn²oIcn¨ncn¡póXv. Hmtcm hmeyhpw Hmtcm \qämïnse kw`h§tf¡pdn¨pÅ {]hN\§fmWv. {_n«\nse Adnbs¸Spó ]mÝmXy tPymXnimkv{X hnimcZ³amcpw t\mkv{SUmakv cNn¨ "se t{]m^knkv Fó {KÙ¯nð \n]pW³amcmb {^ôv `mjm ]ÞnXòmcpw Bbn \S¯nb IqSn¡mgvNbnð BWt{X apñs¸cnbmÀ Zpc´s¯¸än kqN\IÄ e`n-¨Xv.H¸w Bbnc¯n Aªqän Fgp]¯n Ggnð \S¯nb Cu {]hN\w aebmf¯nte¡v XÀÖa sNbvXp tNÀ¡pIbpw ]mÝmXyhnimcZòmÀ tIcf¯nsâ am¸v, sNmÆ {Kl¯nsâ Øm\w apXembh A]{KYn¨p ]dª Imcy§Ä C§s\bmWv. `qanbpsS a[y¯nð \nópw PzmeIÄ hóv AXv `qanIpep¡ambn amdpsasóms¡. Cu {]hN\w cïmbnc¯n Ccp]Xv Pqsse amkw Bdv, Ggv, F«v Fóo XobXnIfnð \S¡m³ t]mIpó CSp¡n Umw XIÀ¨bpsS {]hN\w BWt{X. CXnsâ aptómSnbmbn sNdp `qI¼§Ä DïmIpw. temI almbp²§Ä, eï³ AKv--\n_m[, ChIrXyambn {]hNn¨ At±l¯nsâ {]hN\w sXäm³ km[yX IpdhmsWópw CXphsc \S¯nb KthjW§fnð apñs]cnbmÀ CSp¡n Zpc´w IrXyw Bbn {]hNn¡m³ Ignbpsaópw CXv temI¯nð AXphsc \Són«pÅ Zpc´§fnð Gähpw hepXmbncn¡psaópw hnebncp¯s¸Spóp. 2017þ18 hÀj§sf Ipdn¨v t\mkv{SUmakv \S¯nb Hcp {]hN\w icnsh¡pó kqN\IÄ temI¯v ImWpóp. cïp h³iànIÄ XpS§nhbv¡pó XÀ¡w 27 hÀjw \ofpó aqómw temIalmbp²¯n\p hgnsXfn¡pw FómWs{X At±lw ]dªncn¡póXv. temI¯nsâ ]e tImWnð \nópw P\§Ä sFFknte¡v F¯póXv aXXo{hhmZ¯n\v B¡w Iq«póp. anUnð CuÌnð, {]tXyIn¨v kuZn Atd_y, se_\³ , Cdm³ Cu cmPy§Ä tI{µoIcn¨p kw`hn¨p sImïncn¡pó amä§Ä {i²n¨mð CXn\pÅ km[yXIÄ Adnbm³ Ignbpw. temIcmPy§sfñmw Bi¦bnð, KÄ^v cmPy§fnse kwLÀjkm[yX \bn¡póXv aqómw temI almbp²¯nte¡mWv. Atacn¡³ apódnbn¸v hIsh¡m¯ sImdnb³ \ne]mSpIfpw Cdm\pw kuZn Atd_ybv¡pw CSbnse kwLÀjmhØbpw IqSpXð cq£amWv. CXns\ XpSÀóv aqómw temIalmbp²w DïmIpw FómWs{X At±lw {]hNn¡póXv. t\mkv{SUmaknsâ Nne sR«n¡pó asämcp {]hN\w C{kmtbensâ hn[n Pdpktew B{Ian¡s¸SpsaómWv t\mkv{SUmakv ]dbpóXv. B{IaWs¯ sNdp¯v \nð¡m³ C{kmtben\v thïn ]e cmPy§pw F¯pw. Pdpkteans\ C{ktbð XeØm\ambn AwKoIcn¨ bp.Fkv. {]knUâv sUmWmÄUv {Sw]nsâ {]Jym]\w ]Ýna Gjysb Iem]¡f¯nem¡nb ImgvN \ap¡v ImWm³ Ignªp, {]Xntj[w iàamIpóp CsXmcp h³ s]m«ns¯dnbnte¡mWv \bn¡póXv. F´mbmepw CsXms¡ P\§sf `oXnbnemgv¯pó kw`h§Ä XsóbmWv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw C¯c¯nepÅ {]hN\w \S¡mXncn¡s«. A§s\bmhs«sbóv IcpXnbncn¡mw.

Pbn-en-se \-\-S-p-Imv ]pXphj km\ambn e`nm t]mIpXv skIv--kv! kw-`-hw hn-P-b-Icw, Iq-Sp-X t] a-Zym-Z-m-cm-bn am-dp-p-sh-v P-bn A-[n-Ir-X

Pbnense acym-Z-¡mcm-b XS-hv ]p-Ån-IÄ-¡v ]p-XphÀ-j k-½m-\-am-bn e-`n-¡p-ó-Xv skIv--kv. KpcpXcañm¯ IpäIrXy§Ä sNbvXhÀ¡mWv ssewKnI_Ô¯n\v Ahkcw \ðIpóXv. ssewKnI_Ô¯n\v A\paXn e`n¨hscbpw Hcp ssewKnI ]¦mfnsbbbpw {]tXyI apdnbnem¡nbmWv CXn\v Ahkcw \ðIp-óXv. Hmkvt{Senbbnse hntÎmdnbbnemWv A]qÀhk½m\w {]Jym]n¨ Pbnð ØnXn sN¿p-óXv. Ignª Iptd hÀj§fmbn Cu ]²Xn hnPbIcambn \S¸nem¡n hcnIbmWv. Cu k½m\w {]Xo£n¨n«mtWm Ft´m IqSpXð IpähmfnIÄ \ñ \S¸nem-Wv. \ñ \S¸pImÀ¡v ssewKnI_Ôw k½m\w \ðIpóXn\v ]pdsa IpSpw_mwK§fpambpw Ip«nIfpambpw IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pw Ahkcw \ðIpópïv.

]ckv{XoKa-\w: ]pcpjs\ am{Xw innp hIpv kp{]ow tImSXn ]p\x]cntim-[n-pp, {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS l-Pn-bm-Wv tImS-Xn ]-cn-K-Wn-Xv

hn-hm-tl-X-c _-Ôw ]p-eÀ¯n-bmð ]pcpjs\ am{Xw Ipä¡mc\m¡pó hIp¸v `cWLS\m hncp²amtWmsbóv kp{]owtImSXn ]cntim[n¡pw. C´y³ in£m\nba¯nse 497þmw hIp¸pw {Inan\ð \S]Sn¨«¯nse 198(2) hIp¸pw tNmZywsNbvXpsImïpÅ lÀPnbnð kp{]owtImSXn t\m«okb¨p. Cu hIp¸pIÄ icnsh¨psImïv 1954þð \mewKs_ôv ]pds¸Sphn¨ hn[nbpsS km[pXbnð No^v PÌnkv Zo]Iv an{i A[y£\mb s_ôv kwibw {]ISn¸n¨p. CtXmsS, hnjbw `cWLS\m s_ôn\v hnSm\pw km[yXtbdn. ]c]pcpj_Ô¯nð GÀs¸Spó hnhmlnXbmb kv{Xosb in£n¡m³ \nehnð hyhØbnñ. Ahsc CcIfmbmWv ]cnKWn¡póXv.IpäwsNbvX ]pcpj\v AôphÀjwhsc XShpin£ e`n¡pw. ]pcpjt\msSm¸w IpäwsN¿pópsï¦nepw kv{Xosb am{Xw kwc£n¡pó \nbaw `cWLS\m hncp²amsWóv Nqïn¡m«n tImgnt¡mSv kztZinbpw {]hmknbpamb tPmk^v ssj\mWv AUz. Imfoizcw cmPv aptJ\ kp{]owtImSXnbnð s]mXpXmXv]cy lÀPn \ðInbXv. kv{XobpsS `À¯mhv ]cmXns¸«mð ]pcpjs\ in£n¡m³ am{Xta hIp¸pÅq. AtXkabw, ]ckv{XoKa\w \S¯nb ]pcpjsâ `mcy¡v ]cmXns¸Sm\pw \nehnð hIp¸nñ. Npcp¡¯nð ]c]pcpj_Ô¯neGÀs¸« kv{Xo¡v ]cn]qÀW kpc£\ðIpóXmWv \nehnse \nb-aw.  tPmen, XncsªSp¸v XpS§nb Imcy§fnð kv{XoIÄ¡v B\pIqeytam kwhcWtam \ðIpóXpt]mse IpäIrXy¯nsâ Imcy¯nð ]mSnsñópw AXv `cWLS\bpsS 15(3) hIp¸nsâ ewL\amsWóv Imfoizcw cmPv Nqïn¡m«n. ]ckv{XoKa\t¡kpIfnð kv{Xo¡pam{Xw kwc£Ww \ðIpóXv icnbsñóv 1971þð tem I½njsâ dnt¸mÀ«pïmbncpóp. Cu hIp¸v ]£]mX]camsWóv dnt¸mÀ«nð ]dbpóp.Ct¸mgs¯ s]mXp XmXv]cy lÀPn ]cntim[n¡póXv No^v PÌnkn\p ]pdta PÌnkpamcmb Un.ssh. N{µNqUv, F.Fw. J³hnðIÀ FónhcS§pó s_ômWv. Cu hIp¸v ap¼v \mep XhW tImSXnbnð tNmZywsN¿s¸«n«p-ïv.  PÌnkv Un.ssh. N{µNqUnsâ Aѳ PÌnkv ssh.hn. N{µNqUnsâ s_ômWv 1985þð CXpkw_Ôn¨ Hcp tIkv ]cntim[n¨v XoÀ¸m¡nbsXóXv {it²bamWv. kv{Xobñ, ]pcpj\mWv {]tem`n¸n¡póXv Fó Imcyw s]mXpth AwKoIcn¨XmsWóv Nqïn¡m«nbmWv ssh.hn. N{µNqUnsâ s_ôv 497þmw hIp¸v icnsh¨Xv. kv{XoIÄ¡v kwc£Ww \ðIpó Hcp \nbaw, AhÀ¡v enwKkaXz¯n\pÅ auenImhImi¯nsâ ewL\amIptamsbóv PÌnkv Un.ssh. N{µNqUv kwibw {]ISn¸n¨p. kv{Xosb Ccbmbn ImWpt¼mÄ AhÀ¡v \nbakwc£Ww Dsïóv IcpXm\mIptam? `À¯mhnsâ k½Xt¯msS ]c]pcpj_Ô¯nð GÀs¸Spt¼mÄ kv{Xo tIhew D]t`mKhkvXphnsâ \nebnte¡v XmgpIbtñsbópw N{µNqUv tNmZn-¨p. 

''Ahs\ shSnhp sImm t]mepw F-\nv tXmnbnpv, A{Xbvpw shdpmbn-cp-p'' ; PohnXnse ITn\ Znhksf-n caym \-oi-s sh-fn-s-Sp-

HcnSbv¡v kn\nabnð \nópw amdn\nó c-ay \-¼oi³ Ct¸mÄ Xncns¨¯pIbm-Wv. Xmc¯nsâ ]pXnb Xangv Nn{Xw "kXy' dneokns\mcp§pIbmWv. Nn{X¯nse buÆ\ Km\w CXnt\mSIw kq¸Àlnämbn Ignªp. kn\nabpsS hntij§Ä Hcp Hm¬sse³ am[ya¯nt\mSv ]¦pshbv¡póXn\nSbv¡v Xsâ XIÀó {]Wbs¯¡pdn¨pw cay shfns¸Sp¯n. {]Wbs¯¸än ap¼pw Xpdóp ]dªn«psï¦nepw C{Xtbsd shfns¸Sp¯epIÄ BZyamWv. PohnX¯nð {]Wb ss\cmiyw Dïmbncptóm Fó AhXmcIsâ tNmZy¯n\v DïmbncpópshómWv cay adp]Sn \ðInbXv. "AsXmcp {]Wb XIÀ¨bmsWóv ]dbm³ ]änñ. AXv F\n¡v skämbnsñóv thWw ]dbm³. tZjyhpw tIm]hpw Fñmw Dïmbncpóp. Ahs\ shSnsh¡Ww Fóphsc B kab¯v tXmópatñm. B kab¯v ]ckv]cw kwkmcn¨v ]ncnbpIbmbncpóp. ap³ ImapI³ Ct¸mÄ \ncmibnembncn¡pw. C{Xbpw henb Xmcs¯bmWtñm Hgnhm¡nbsXóv At±lw hnNmcn¡pópïmhpw. AhXmcI³ ]dªp. AsX\n¡v Adnbnñ. A¡mcyw At±lt¯mSv Xsó tNmZn¡Wwþcay ]dªp. Nmb CñmsX F\n¡v Hcp \nanjw t]mepw aptóm«v t]mIm³ ]änñ. Fs´mcp am\knI hnjaw Dsï¦nepw Nmbtbm _ncnbmWntbm Xómð Rm³ HmsI BIpsaópw cay ]dªp. ]cmPbw Fóv ]dbmsa¦nepw F\n¡v PohnX¯nð ]cmPbs¸Sm³ Xmð]cyanñ. AXpsImïv Rm³ XsóbmWv AXnð \nópw ]pd¯phóXv. Ct¸mÄ Rm³ t]mcmSpIbmWv, PohnX¯nð tXmð¡mXncn¡m³þ cay ]dªp. 

100 h-jw ap-v a-cn- bp-hm-hns t{]Xhpambn ssewKnI _ԯn Gssv sh-bn-kv kz-tZ-inbmb bp-h-Xn; B hn-Nn-{X A-\p-`-h-s-p-dn-p- sh-fn-s-Sp- C--s\....

B-ßm-¡Ä-¡v cq-]-anñ-F-óm-Wv I-Y-I-fnepw aäpw  \mw tI-«n-«p-ÅXv. F-ómð, bp-hm-hnsâ t{]Xhpam-bn Xm³ ssewKnI _Ô¯nð GÀs¸s«-ó sh-fn-s¸-Sp-¯-ep-am-bn cw-K-s¯-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv knbm³ sPbnwk¬ Fó 26 Im-cn. ImapI\pambpÅ {]Wb_Ôw XIÀóXn\p tijw aqóv hÀjw ap-¼v eï³ hn«v shbnðknð Xmak-am-¡n-b-t¸m-fpïm-b hn-Nn-{X kw-`-h-am-Wv bph-Xn tem-I-t¯m-Sv ]-¦v h-¨Xv. ]Xn\mdmw \qämïnð ]WnX Ct¸mgpw ]pXnbsXóv tXmón¡pó Hcp tImt«PmWv Xmak¯n\v sXcsªSp¯-Xv.  Häbv¡mbncpóp Xmakhpw. Hcp Znhkw {][m\ apdnbnð Npacnð Xq¡nbn«ncn¡pó Hcp kpµc\mb ]pcpjsâ Nn{Xw Xsâ I®nepS¡n. 1820 se Hcp s]bnânwKmbncpóp AXv. AXv B Nn{Xw Iït¸mÄ Xm³ XnI¨pw kt´mjhXnbmsbópw bphXn ]dbpóp.A§s\ Ipd¨p amk§Ä Ignªp. CXn\nsS Hcp Znhkw Xm³ Fgptóät¸mÄ Xsâ ASp¯v Npcpï apSnbpÅ HcmÄ Xsâ ASp¯v InS¡póXmbmWv IïXv. AbmÄ [cn¨ncpóXv shfp¯ Abª jÀ«pw Igp¯nð kv--ImÀ^pw sI«nbn«pïv. ]gb Imes¯ ^mj\pÅ {UÊmbncpóp AXv. Fómð AbmfpsS apJ¯v t\m¡nbt¸mÄ sR«nt¸mbn. Npacnð Xq¡nbn«n¡pó B s]bnânwKnse AtX apJw AtX Bfpw. AbmÄ Fsó sXm«Xp t]mepw Rm\dnªnñ, bphXn hniZoIcn¨p.X\nbv¡v AbmtfmSv BZyambn {]Wbw tXmónsbópw bphXn ]dbp-óp.  kv--t\l{]IS\¯n\nSbnð sSen]Xn hgn Rm³ AbmtfmSv Fñm Imcy§fpw tNmZn¨p a\knem¡n. tdm_À«v FómWv AbmfpsS t]scópw 100 hÀjw ap¼mWv Pohn¨ncpósXópw AbmÄ ]dªXmbn bphXn ]dbpóp. Fñmw Hcp kz]v--\¯nð ImWpó t]msebmWv ]nsó DïmbXv. AbmfpambpÅ imcocnI _Ôw hfsc BkzmZyambncpópshópw bphXn ]dbpópïv. BZyambn t{]Xhpambn ssewKnI _Ô¯nð GÀs¸«sXóv bphXn ]dbpóp. Fómð ]nóoSv X\n¡v tdm_À«nsâ Bßmhns\ Isï¯m\mbnñ. tImt«Pnepw ]cnkc¯psams¡ Xncsª¦nepw Abmsf Isï¯m\mbnñ. AbmfpsS Bßmhv AhnsS \nóv A{]Xy£ambncpóp. ]nóoSv Xm³ CtXm Ipdn¨v kplr¯p¡tfmSv ]dªt¸mÄ {`m´msWóv ]dªv Ifnbm¡n. CXv kXyamsWóv sXfnbn¡m³ F\nbv¡v sXfnhpIÄ \nc¯m\nñ. C¡mcWw sImïmWv Xm³ C¡mcyw am[ya§Ä¡v apónð ]dªsXóv bph-Xn sh-fn-s¸-Sp¯n. 

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