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ImhybpsS A, aptIjv, dnan tSman Fnhsc hopw tNmZyw sNpw

\Snsb B{Ian¨ tIknð \S³ aptIjv FwFðF, Imhy am[hsâ amXmhv iymaf, KmbnI dnan tSman Fónhsc hoïpw tNmZyw sN¿pw. ASp¯ Znhk§fnðXsó Chsc tNmZyw sN¿póXn\mWv Xocpam\w. tIknse apJy{]Xnbmb ]ÄkÀ kp\n ap³]v aptIjnsâ ss{Uhdmbncpóp. A¡mebfhnð \Só kw`h§sf¡pdn¨v tNmZn¨dnbpóXn\mWv tNmZyw sN¿ð. aptIjns\ Ignª Znhkw FwFðF tlmÌenðh¨p tNmZyw sNbvXncpóp. Imhy am[hsâ A½ iymaftbbpw Imhysbbpw At\zjW kwLw t\cs¯ tNmZyw sNbvXncpóp. \Sn B{Ian¡s¸«Xnsâ sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw ]ÄkÀ kp\nbpw hnPojpw Imhymam[hsâ DSaØXbnð Im¡\mSpÅ hkv{Xhym]mcØm]\amb e£ybnð F¯nbXmbn s]meokn\v hnhcw e`n¨ncpóp. ChnsS\nóv ChÀ¡v km¼¯nI klmbw e`n¨Xmbpw kqN\bpïmbncpóp. Ignª Znhkw t^mWnð hnfn¨mWv \Snbpw KmbnIbpamb dnan tSmansb At\zjW kwLw tNmZyw sNbvXXv. Zneo]ns\m¸w \S¯nb hntZitjmIsf¡pdn¨mWv tNmZn¨sXóv dnan hyàam¡nbncpóp. \Snsb B{Ian¨ tIknð s]meoknsâ tNmZyw sN¿enð hniZoIcWhpambn KmbnI dnan tSman t\cs¯ cwKs¯¯nbncpóp. 2010epw 2017epw Xmc§Ä bpFknð \S¯nb ]cn]mSnbnð Xm\pw Dïmbncpóp. AtX¡pdn¨pw tjmbnð Bscms¡bpïmbncpópshópw XpS§nb Imcy§fmWp s]meokv tNmZn¨Xv. X\n¡v Zneo]pambn _nkn\kv ]mÀSv-\Àjn¸pIfnñ. Hcp Xc¯nepÅ km¼¯nI CS]mSpansñópw dnan ]dªncpóp.

23 amkġv tijw Av--ekv cmaN{ Pbn tamNn-X-\m-b-Xm-bn kqN\; {]apJ Ad_n hyhkmbnbpw _m-p-Ifpw kmcpambpw \Snb HpXov NIsf XpSmWv tam-N\w

hnhn-[ _m¦pIfnð \nsó-Sp¯ hmbv]m Xncn¨Shv apS§nbXns\ XpSÀóv Zpss_ tImSXn aqóv hÀjw XShn\v in£n-¨ {]apJ {]hmkn aebmfn _nkn\kpImc³ Aäv--ekv cmaN{µ³ Pbnð tamNnX\mbXmbn kqN\. Zp_mbnse Hcp {]apJ Ad_n hyhkmbnbpw _m¦pImcpw kÀ¡mcpw X½nð \S¯nb H¯pXoÀ¸v NÀ¨Isf XpSÀómWv At±l¯nsâ tamN\w km[yambsXóv {]hmkn am[ya§Ä ]dbpóp.bp.F.Cbnse _ÀZp_mbnse Xsâ hkXnbnepÅ At±lw Xsâ Nne B-kvXnIÄ hnäv IS_m[yXIÄ XoÀ¡póXn\pÅ \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¨Xmbpw dnt¸mÀ«pïv. AtXkabw, Cu hmÀ¯IÄ Aävekv {Kq¸pambn _Ôs¸« hr¯§Ä ØncoIcn¡p-ónñ. .tIkpIÄ \ðInb `qcn]£w _m¦pIfpw H¯p XoÀ¸n\p X¿mdmbtXmsSbmWv cmaN{µsâ tamN\w km[yambsXómWv dnt¸mÀ«v._m¡nbpÅ _m¦pItfmSv IS§Ä ho«m\pÅ kmhImiw tXSnsbómWv e`yamb hn-h-cw. AtXkabw, _ÀZp_mbnse hkXnbnepÅ cmaN{µ³ Xsâ BkvXnIfnð NneXv hnäv IS_m[yX XoÀ¡m\pÅ {ia§fpw \S¯póp-ïv 2015 HmKÌv 23 \mWv Aóv 74 hbÊpïmbncpó Aävekv cmaN{µ³ AdÌnembXv. _m¦v hmbv]IfpsS Xncn¨Shv apS§pIbpw sN¡pIÄ aS§pIbpw sNbvXXns\¯pSÀóv _m¦pIÄ \ðInb ]cmXnIfpsS ASnØm\¯nembncpóp XriqÀ kztZinbmb At±ls¯ Zp_mbv s]meokv IÌUnbnseSp¯Xv. 15 _m¦pIfpsSbpw A[nIrXÀ tbmKw tNÀóv, bpFC sk³{Sð _m¦ns\ kao]n¡pIbpw s]meoknð ]cmXns¸SpIbpw sNbvXXns\ XpSÀómbncpóp \S]Sn. 2015 Unkw_À 11\v Zp_mbv tImSXn cmaN{µ\v aqóv hÀjw XShv in£ hn[n-¨p. CXn\v ]nómse \m«nepw hntZi¯papïmbncpó At±l¯nsâ hym]mc Øm]\§sfñmw AS¨ntSï AhØbnembn. Aäv--ekv cmaN{µsâbpw Xtâbpw _p²nap«pIÄ Xpdóp]dªpsImïpÅ cmaN{µsâ `mcy CµncbpsS hmÀ¯ ASn¯nsS JeoPv ssSwkv dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXncpóp. hmSIbSbv¡m³ t]mepw ]Wansñópw GXv \nanjhpw Xm\pw AdÌnemIm\pÅ km[yX \ne\nð¡pópshóv JeoPv ssSwknt\mSv Cµnc hyàam¡nbncpóp.i¼fw _m¡n e`n¡m\pÅ sXmgnemfnIÄ \nÊlmbbmb XtómSv AXmhiys¸«v ho«nð hópshópw PphednIfnepïmbncpó kzÀWm`cW§fpw aäpw sNdnb XpIbv¡v hnäv Ipsd IS§Ä ho«nbncpsóópw Ccpóqtdmfw Poh\¡mcpsS B\pIqey§fpw \ðInbncpsóópw AhÀ ]dªncpóp. F¦nepw henb IS_m[yX AtX]Sn \nð¡pIbmsWópw kz¯p¡Ä _m¦pIsf Gð¸n¨v AhcpsS I¬tkmÀjyw hgn XpI Xncn¨Sbv¡m\pÅ ]²Xnbpw ]mXnhgnbnemsWópw Cµnc ]dªncpóp.  

mkv-dp-an hnZym-Yn-Isf km-n-bmn So--am-cp-sS s]m-cn- A-Sn! (hoUn-tbm) X-n Xn-\v ImcWw k-vIq-fns ^v Zphn\n-tbm-Kw sN-bv-sX- B-tcm]Ww

hn-Zym-À°nIÄ¡pw k-aq-l-¯n\pw am-Xr-I-bm-tI-ï A-[ym-]IÀ ¢mkv dqanð hnZymÀYnIsf km£n-Ifm-¡n X-½nð Xñnbmtem? B-sI \m-W-t¡-SmIpw Atñ. F-´m-bmepw A-¯-c¯n-sem-cp hoUntbm ssh-d-em-Ip-I-bmWv.{][m\m[y]nIbpw asämcp A[ym]nIbpw X½nð t]mcSn¡póXn³sd Zr-iy-§-fm-Wv km-aq-ly am-[y-a-§-fnð {]-N-cn-¡p-óXv.]ôm_nse sZcm _mknbnemWv CXn\mkv]Zamb kw`hw \SóXv. k-vIqfnse {][m\m[ym]nI hoW _mknbpw kb³kv A[ym]nI ssIemjv dmWnbpw X½nð ZoÀL Imeambn A`n{]mb hyXymk¯nembncpóp. CXmWv ssIbm¦fnbnð Ahkm\n-¨Xv. {][m\m[y]nIbmb hoW _mknbpw k-vIqfnse aäv Nne A[ym]Icpw Poh\¡mcpw ZoÀL Imeambn k-vIqfn³sd ^ïv ZpÀhn\ntbmKw sN¿pópsïómWv ssIemjv dmWnbpsS Btcm]Ww. AXnð FXnÀ¸p {]ISn¸n¨ Xsó k-vIqfnð \nópw Øew amäm³ {ians¨ópw CXns\Xnsc tImSXnsb kao]n¨t¸mÄ X³sd Øewamäw d±m¡nsbópw AhÀ Btcm]n¨p. sshkv slUvankv{Skn³sd Øm\w hln¡m³ X\n¡mWv tbmKyX, Fómð Xsó¡mfpw PqWnbdmb asämcmÄ¡v Cu Øm\w \ðInbncn¡pIbmsWópw ssIemjv dmWn ]dªp. cïpZnhkXs¯ Ah[n¡p tijw k-vIqfnse¯nbt¸mÄ slUvankv{Skpw aäv A[ym]Icpw tNÀóv Xsó aÀZn¡pIbmbncpópshópw AhÀ ]cmXns¸«p. Fómð ssIemjv dmWnbmWv Xsóbpw A[ym]Iscbpw B{Ian¨sXómWv slUvankv{Skn³sd hmZw. \Só kw`h¯nð cïp t]À¡pw ]qÀW D¯chmZnXzw DsïómWv k-vIqfn³sd sNbÀam³ a³Pn¯v knwKv ]dbpóXv am{Xañ C¯c¯nepÅ kw`hamWv k-vIqfn³sd kðt¸cv \ãamIpóXn\pw ]co£Ifnð Ip«nIÄ¡v anI¨ hnPbw t\Sm³ IgnbmsX t]mIpóXn\pw ImcWsaópw At±lw Iq«nt¨À¯p.

CXpw Hcp Fbt]mv Imo; C-hnsS DuWn\v Ap cq], Nn Idnbvpw ao Idnbvpw ]v cq-]! sImn Fbt]mnse ]nIv Imo\nse hn-e-p-d-hns ImcWanXv

ASp¯\mfnð Xncph\´]pcw CâÀ\mjWð sSÀan\ense tIm^n tjm¸nð \nóv `£Ww Ign¨v "]WnIn«n'sbó Imcyw \Sn A\p{iobS¡w \nch[nbmfpIÄ _nñv klnXw tkmjyð aoUnbbneqsSbpw aäpw shfns¸Sp¯nbncpóp. Fómð Ct¸mÄ BfpIÄ sR«nbncn¡póXv sIm¨n FbÀt]mÀ«nse ]»nIv Imâo\nse hne tI«mWv. ImcWw CXmWv. ]pds¯ tlm«ente¡mÄ kzmZnãamb DuWn\v 55 cq]. C\n FbÀt]mÀ«nse Ìm^n\msW¦ntem SmIv--kv AS¡w Bdv cq] am{XamWv HcqWn\v \ðtIïn hcpI. ap¼v 20 cq]bmbncpóp ChÀ \ðtIïnbncpó XpI. kv--s]jð Bbn Nn¡³ Idntbm ao³ Idntbm hmt§ïn hómð ]¯pcq] IqSpXembn \ðIWw. FbÀt]mÀ«nsâ {][m\ hmXnen\v ASp¯mbn XsóbmWv kzmImcy tlm«ð DSaØXbnð {]hÀ¯n¡pó FbÀt]mÀ«v Imâo³ DÅXv. Xncph\´]pcw hnam\¯mhf¯nð \nóv `£Ww Ign¨v h³XpI \ðtIïn hó Xmc§fpsS hmÀ¯IÄ tkmjyðaoUnbbnð {]Ncn¨Xn\v ]nómse sIm¨n A´mcm{ãhnam\¯mhf¯nse `£W¯nsâ Ipdª \nc¡pw kaqlam²ya§fneqsS {]Ncn¡pIbm-Wv.  Imâo³ {]hÀ¯n¡póXn\v thï shÅhpw sshZypXnbpw kuP\yambn knbmenð e`n¡póp FóXv C{X XpÑamb hnebv¡v `£Ww \ðIm³ Chsc klmbn¡pósXópw BfpIÄ Nqïn¡mWn¡p-óp.

h-b-dn-\p-n I-S-p-IqSnb ]nimNns\ Hgnnm Ggv kv{Xo-Isf _emwKw sN-bvXp; ]m A-dn

kv{XoIfpsS hbdn\pÅnð ISóv ]nimNns\ Hgn¸n¡m³ ssZhw XtómSv Ið¸n¨ncn¡póp Fóv hnizkn-¸n¨v Ggv kv{XoIsf {Iqcambn _emÕwKw sNbvX ]mÌÀ Ad-Ìnð. shÌv tbmÀ¡v--sjbdnse en_À«n s]´tImÌð NÀ¨nse ]mÌdmb tPm¬ hnðk³ BWv AdÌnem-bXv.2014 PqssebnemWv hnðkWpambn _Ôs¸«v s]meokv At\zjWw XpS§n-bXv. ssZhw Xsó cmPmhm¡n hmgn¡m³ t]mhpópshópw AXn\mð X\n¡v _emÕwKw sN¿m³ A\phmZw e`n¨n«psïópambncp-ópHcp kv{Xosb am\`wKs¸Sp¯póXn\v ap¼v Cu ]mÌÀ Ahsc t_m[n¸n-¨Xv. NÀ¨nse h¬Sph¬ sUenhd³kv skj\pIfnð h¨mbncpóp CbmÄ CcIÄ¡v t\sc B{IaW§Ä \S¯nbncpóXv. Gähpw {]mbw Ipdª CcbmbXv 13 Imcnbmbncpópshópw hyàambn«pïv. Fómð X\n¡v tað Npa¯nbncn¡pó Fñm NmÀPpIfpw Ct±lw \ntj[n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. F-ómð t{]mknIyq-j³ B-tcm-]n¡pw t]mse Xm³ Bscbpw ]oUn¸n¨n«nsñópw adn¨v kv{XoIfpsS DÅnepÅ ]nimNv ]pdt¯¡v t]mIpt¼mÄ AhcpsS hkv{Xw Iods¸SpIIbpw Xð^eambn AhÀ \Kv--\cmhpIbpamsWómWv hnð-k³ hm-Zn-¡p-óXv. Fómð CbmÄ Xsâ ssewKnI kwXr]vXn¡v thïn Cu B`nNmc {Inbsb Zpcp]tbmKn¡pIbmbncpópshómWv t{]mknIyqj³ hm-Zw.

tkmjy aoUnbbpsSbpw t{SmfmcpsS-bpw tNmZyw Dbp: kzw m]\nse kv{Xo ]oU\w Nbmn amXr`qan \yqkv Nm\

hnhml hmKvZm\w \ðIn kl{]hÀ¯Isb ]oUn¸n¨Xn\v ko\nbÀ \yqkv FUnäÀ AdÌn-em-b NÀ¨ sN¿m³ ss[cyaptïm Fóv tkmjyð aoUnbbnð DbÀó tNmZys¯ ]cnKWn¨v amXr`qan \yqkv Nm\ð. ]oUn¸ns¨ó kl{]hÀ¯Ibmb bphXnbpsS ]cmXnsb XpSÀóv amXr`qan \yqkv Nm\ense ko\nbÀ \yqkv FUnädmb Aað hnjvWpZmkns\ s]meokv AdÌv sNbvXXpambn _Ôs¸«mWv Cóes¯ kq¸À ss{]w ssSw Fó NÀ¨ \SóXv. thWp _meIrjvW\mWv AhXmcI\msb¯nbXv. amXr`qan amt\Pv--saâns\ {]Xn\n[oIcn¨v F¨vBÀ P\dð amt\PÀ Pn B\µv NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¯p. tUm. sk_mÌnb³ t]mÄ, tUm.]n KoX, knBÀ \oeIWvvT³, AUz: amb FónhcmWv NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp-¯Xv. aäpÅ ]oU\hmÀ¯IÄ BtLmjam¡pó Nm\ð kz´w Øm]\¯nð \Só Cu s\dntISv NÀ¨bv¡v sImïphcptam FóXmbncpóp BfpIÄ¡v AdntbïnbncpóXv. t{SmfòmÀ DÄs¸sSbpÅhÀ Nm\ens\ shñphnfnbv¡pIbpw sNbv-Xp.  ]cmXnsb XpSÀóv AdÌv sNbvXbpS³ Xsó Aað hnjvWpZmkns\ At\zjW hnt[bambn kkvs]³Uv sNbvsXópw amt\Pvsaâns\ hnjbs¯ Ipdn¨v ]cmXn Xóncpónsñópw Pn B\µv ]dªp. amXr`qan Øm]\§fnð \nba]cambn {]hÀ¯n¡pó {]iv--\ ]cnlmc kanXnbpsïópw Cu kanXn hfsc Imcy£aambn XsóbmWv {]hÀ¯n¡pósXópw Pn B\µv ]-dªp. hnhml hmKvZm\w \ðIn ]oUn¸ns¨ó kl{]hÀ¯Ibmb bphXnbpsS ]cmXnbnemWv amXr`qan \yqkv Nm\ense ko\nbÀ \yqkv FUnädmb Aað hnjvWpZmkns\ s]meokv AdÌv sNbvXXv.Øm]\¯nse tae[nImcnt¡m, h\nX Iws¹bvâv I½nänt¡m ]cmXn \ðImsX bphXn t\cn«v Xncph\´]pcw knän s]meokv I½ojWÀ¡mWv ]cmXn \ðInbXv. 2015 Unkw_dnemWv tIkn\mkv]Zamb kw`hsaóv ]cmXnbnð ]dbpóp. Bip]{Xnbnð Aað hnjvWpZmkv tcmK_m[nX\mbn Ignbpt¼mÄ IogptZymKØsbó coXnbnð Bip]{Xnbnð t]mImdpïmbncpópshópw XpSÀómWv t{]am`yÀ°\bpw hnhml A`yÀ°\bpw Aað \S¯nbsXópw ]cmXnbnð ]dbpóp. ]nXmhnsâ NnInÕbv--s¡óv ]dªv Xsâ ssIbnð \nópw Aað ]Ww ssI¸änbXmbpw ]oU\hnhcw DÄs¸sS ]pd¯v ]dªmð tPmen Ifbn¡psaóv `ojWns¸Sp¯nbXmbpw bphXnbpsS ]cmXnbnepïv. XpS¡¯nð Cu hmÀ-¯ {_n-«o-jv ]-{Xw AS¡apÅ Hm¬sse³ am[ya§Ä am{XamWv Cu hmÀ¯ dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXncpóXv. Fómð amXr`qanbnð Xsó hmÀ¯ hótXmsS aäv am[ya§fpw CXv dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pIbmbncpóp.

jqnMv Fv ]d-v {]apJ bph \Snsb Atacnbn sImpt]mbn Znhktfmfw ^v--fmn ]q-n-bnv ]oUn-n-p! sR-n-n-p- sh-fn-s-Sp--ep-ambn Ben Ajv--d^v

dnt¸mÀ«À Nm\ense aoäv Z FUntägv--kv Fó ]cn]mSnbnð kwkm-cn-¡-sh-bm-bn-cpóp \nÀamXmhpw kwhn[mbI\pamb Be¸n A-j-d-^n-sâ sh-fn-s¸-Sp¯ð.  t{]w \kodnsâ kn\nabnð \mbnIbmbn A`n\bn¨n«pÅ \Snsb Atacn¡bnð sImïp t]mbn ^ðänen«v Znhk§tfmfw ]oUn¸n¨p FómWv Ajd^nsâ shfns¸Sp¯ð. 1982 ð Atacn¡³ t{]m{Kman\v t]mbt¸mgmWv B kw`hw. t{]w \kodnsâ IqsS \mbnIbmbn A`n\bn¨n«pÅ Hcp \Snsb X«ns¡mïpt]mbn BgvNItfmfw ]oUn¸n¨ph-s{X. Atacn¡bnð Hcp ]S¯nsâ jq«v Dsïóv ]dªmWv \mbnIsb AhnsS hcp¯nbXv. \yptbmÀ¡nse Hcp sdUv--kv{Soänte¡mWv Ahsc sImïpt]mbXv. AhnsS Hcp ^v--fmänð Ahsc Znhk§tfmfw Xmakn¸n¨p ]oUn¸n¨p. B ^v--fmänð Znhk§tfmfw InSóv Ahi Bb AhÀ, HSphnð F§t\m AhnSpÅ BÀSv--kv hnPtb«s\ hnfn¨p. sSet^m¬knð Fôn\obÀ Bb At±lw F§s\tbm Øew Iïp ]nSn¨p AhnsS¯n Ahsc FbÀt]mÀ«nð F¯n¡pIbmbncpóp. \Sn A{Ian¡s¸« hnjb¯nð Ct¸mÄ AdÌnð Bb \S³ Ipähmfn BsWóv X\n¡v 100 iXam\w Dd¸msWópw Be¸n Ajd^v ]dªp. CXnð ]e Imcy§fpw X\n¡v t\cn«v Adnbmw. tImSXn adn¨p hn[n¨mð Xm³ ]cky thZnbnð \St\mSv am¸p tNmZn¡m³ X¿mdmWv Fópw At±lw ]dbpóp.  

kwhn[mbI Po t]mfns\Xn-sc \Sn tIkv sIm-Sp-Xv A-o-ew ]-d--Xn-\, XtsX coXnbn asmcmfpsS icocw {]ZinnXn-\v; taLv\ \m-bsc D--cn-v hm-

lWo _o Sphnsâ semt¡j\nð h¨v kwhn[mbI³ Po³ t]mÄ emð ssewKnI NphtbmsS kwkmcn¨psh-óv Im«n bph\Sn ]cmXn \ð-In F-ó hmÀ¯  Cóse cmhnse apXð hmÀ¯m am[ya§fnepw tkmjyð aoUnbbn-epw {]-N-cn-¨n-cpóp. F-ómð, Po³t]mÄ emens\Xnsc \Sn tIkv sImSp¯Xv AÇoe kw`mjWw \S¯nbXn\sñóXnsâ sXfnhpIÄ sIm¨nt]mÌv.tImw ]pd¯phn«p. \Sn \ðInb ]cmXnbpsS ]IÀ¸pw \SnbpsS hniZoIcWhpw AS¡amWv hmÀ¯ ]pd¯phón«pÅXv.DkvXmZv tlm«ð Fó Nn{X¯neqsSbpw Hcp Nm\ense AhXmcI Fó \nebnepw {]ikvXbmb taL\ \mbcmWv ]cmXn¡mcn. emð Pq\nbdn\pw emð {Intbj³kn\psaXnscbmWv taL\bpsS ]cmXn. Pq\nbÀ emð kwhn[m\w sNbvX lWo _o2 Fó Nn{X¯nse Nne cwK§fnð XtâsXóv tXmón¸n¡pó hn[¯nð hymPambn icoc {]ZÀi\w \S¯nsbópw Xm³ A¡mcyw ]mSnñ Fóp ]dªn«pw A\phmZanñmsX C¯c¯nð Nn{XoIcn¡pIbmbncpóp FópamWv \SnbpsS ]cmXnð ]dbpóXv. t_mUn U_nÄ FómWv CXn\v kmt¦XnIambn ]dbpó-Xv. am[ya hmÀ¯Ifnð ]dbpóXpt]mse XtómSv AÇoe ]cmaÀiw \S¯nbXn\ñ ]Icw Xm³ A`n\bn¨ cwK§fnð A\phmZanñmsX t_mUn U_nÄ \S¯nbXn\mWv ]cmXn \ðInbsXópw \Sn sIm¨n t]mÌnt\mSv ]dªp. kv{XoIsf A]am\n¡póXn\v Xms\XncmsWópw XtâsXóv tXmón¸n¡pó hn[¯nð ]n³`mKhpw hbdpw {]ZÀin¸n¡pó cwK§tfmSmWv Xms\XnÀ¸v {]ISn¸n¨sXópw ChÀ ]dbpóp. Xsâ apJw ImWn¡pó cwKw B coXnbneñ Xm³ A`n\bn¨Xv. B coXnbnð A`n\bn¡m³ X\n¡mInsñóv t\cs¯ Xsó ]dªncpóXmWv. AtXmsS XtómSv skänð \nópw t]mIm\pw asämcp cwK¯n\mbn hnfn¡msaópamWv AhÀ ]dªXv. Fómð ]nóosSmcn¡epw AhcpsS hnfn hónsñópw taL\ hyàam¡n. Fómð Nn{Xw ]pd¯nd§nbt¸mÄ Xm³ A`n\bn¡m¯ cwK¯v Xsâ apJw D]tbmKn¡pIbmbncpsóóv a\knemsbópw ChÀ ]dbpóp.Xsâ ]cmXn kwhn[mbI\pw sSIv--\ojyòmcmb A\q]n\pw A\ncp²n\pw emð {Intbj\pw FXnsc am{XamsWópw {io\mYv `mknsb¡nsXsc tIkv sImSp¯n«nsñópw \Sn ØncoIcn-¨p. ta¡v A¸n\nSbv¡v Xsâ apdnbnse¯nb AknÌâv UbdÎÀ Cu thjw [cn¨mð Ip\nbpt¼mÄ Fs´¦nepw ImWm³ ]äptamsbóv tImÌyqw UbdÎtdmSv tNmZn¨Xv Xsó sR«ns¨óv AhÀ Ab¨ h¡oð t\m«oknð ]dbpóp. Hcp SmIv--knbnð hónd§pó taL\bpsS IYm]m{Xw ss{UhÀ Cd¡nh¨ _mKpIÄ FSp¡m\mbn Ip\nbpóXmWv Nn{X¯nse hnhmZ cwKw. AtXkabw Cu cwKw BZyw Dïmbncpónsñópw ]nóoSv FgpXnt¨À¯XmsWópamWv taL\ Btcm]n¡póXv. CXv A`n\bn¡m³ X\n¡mInsñómWv AhÀ kwhn[mbIt\mSv ]dªXv. Xsâ kðt¸cn\v tIm«w X«psaóXn\mð Cu cwKw A`n\bn¡m\nsñómbncpóp \SnbpsS Xocpam\w. AtXXpSÀóv Nn{X¯nð \nópw ChÀ Hgnhm¡s¸SpIbpw UºnwKn\v t]mepw hnfn¡mXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]nóoSv Nn{Xw ]pd¯nd§nbt¸mgmWv Xsó D]tbmKn¨v Xsó Cu cwKw DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«psïóv \Sn¡v a\knemb-Xv. A-tX-k-a-bw, \SntbmSp Xsâ aI³ ssewKnI NphtbmsS kwkmcn¨n«nsñópw hnjbw \nba]cambn Xsó t\cnSpsaópw ]cmXn¡mcn \\ªnSw Ipgn¡m³ t\m¡pIbmsWópw \S\pw kwhn[mbI\pamb emð {]-Xn-I-cn-¨p. tIknð Fñmhscbpw s]meokv tNmZywsN¿m\ncns¡bmWv aIs\ c£n¡m\mbn emð cwK¯phóncn¡póXv. emensâ hm¡pIÄ: ]cmXn¡mcn \\ªbnSw Ipgn¡pIbmWv. kn\na Ignªv C{Xbpw sshIn  ]cmXn \ðInbXn\p ImcWw \SntbmSp tNmZn¡Ww. Ct¸mgs¯ Btcm]W¯n\p ]nónð aämsc¦nepw DÅXmbn IcpXp-ónñ.AhcpsS BZy kn\nabmbncpóp CXv. 50,000 cq] {]Xn^ew ]dªncpóp. A`n\bw H«pw Xr]vXnIcambncpónñ. kn\nabv¡mbn I¿nð Smäq Ip¯Wambncpóp. AXnt\mSpw AhÀ A\pIqe \ne]mSmbncpónñ. {io\nhmk\pw se\bpw A`n\bn¡pó `mKamWv BZyw jq«v sNbvXXv. CXp Ignbpw hsc Im¯ncn¡m³ t]mepw \Sn X¿mdmbncpónñ. sIm¨nbnse tlm«ð daZbnembncpóp jq«nMv. ]pXnb \Sn¡mbn {io\nhmks\t¸msebpÅ \S³amtcmSp ]ntäZnhkw hcm³ ]dbm\m-hnñ.CXpIgnªv {io\mYv `mknbpsam¯pÅ ko³ FSp¯p. XpSÀóv Imdnð  s]¬Ip«n hónd§pó cwKsaSp¡Wsaóp ]dªt¸mÄ H«pw Iw^À«_nÄ Asñómbncpóp adp-]Sn.BZy kn\nabnð A`n\bn¡pt¼mÄ Xsó Iw^À«_nÄ Asñópw Ct¸mÄ  jq«nMv ]änsñópw ]dªXv , Nn{XoIcWhpambn _Ôs¸«v sS³j\nembncpó kwhn[mbI\v tZjyapïm¡n. XpSÀóv bphXntbmSp t]mbv--t¡mfm³ Po³ ]dªp. Cu hnhcw AknÌâv UbdÎÀ bphXnsb Adnbn¨p. CXptI«Xpw AhÀ _msKSp¯v skänð\nóp t]mbn. skänð C§s\ s]cpamdnb BÄ¡v ]Ww sImSpt¡sïóp Rm\mWv ]d-ªXv.lWn _o 2 Cd§nbn«v Ipsd amk§fmbn. Hcp amkw ap³]mWv h¡oð t\m«okv In«nbXv. s]meokv tÌj\nð t]mbn Imcy§sfñmw hniZoIcn¨n«pïv. bYmÀY Xnc¡Ybpw bphXn A`n\bn¡mXncpóXns\ XpSÀóp Xncp¯nb Xnc¡Ybpw s]meokns\ ImWn¨p. bphXn ]IpXn A`n\bn¨p\nÀ¯nt¸mb cwK§fpw s]meokns\ ImWn¨ncpóp. Cu s]¬Ip«n t]mbXn\mð asämcmsf h¨mWv _m¡n `mKw amän jq«v sNbv-XXv.A\mhiy ]cmXnbmWv \Sn Ct¸mÄ Dóbn¨ncn¡póXv. Cu ]cmXnsb ]n³XpWbv¡póXv A\ymbamWv.  AÀln¡póhÀ¡p \ymbw In«msX h-cpw.Hcp hm¡p t]mepw AÇoew ]dbm¯ BfmWv Po³. Rm\pw AÇoew ]dbmdnñ. R§sf Adnbpó FñmhÀ¡pw AdnbmhpóXmWv C¡m-cyw.bphXn 10 e£w cq] \ã]cnlmcamWv tNmZn¨Xv. IqSmsX Po³ t]mfpw {io\mYpw Snhnbnð hóp am¸p ]dbWsaópw ]dbpóp. CsXmópw AwKoIcn¡m\mInñ. sIm¨nbnð \Sn B{Ian¡s¸« tIknsâ A´co£w \ne\nð¡póXn\mð BÀ¡pw F´pw ]dªv sk³tkj\pïm¡msaó ØnXnbmWv.Cu A\mhiy ]cmXn¡p ]nónð BcpansñómWp IcpXpóXv. ]t£, Hópw {]hNn¡m³ Rm³ Bfñ.\nba]cambn Po³ t]mfns\Xncmb tIkv t\cnSpw. ]Ww sImSp¯v H¯pXoÀ¡m\nñ. kv{XoIÄ¡p thïnbmWv Rm³ Cu \ne]msSSp¡póXv.

\nd-sm-gpIn-b Um-an-se sh-ůn-s\mw kzhpw HgpInsbn! kznIfpw kzcn-I-fpw- kz--am-m {]tZiv XSnv \mpIm-cpw Sq-dn-p-Ifpw

CuhÀjamZyamWv, Atacn¡bnse Gähpw henb AWs¡«mb (770 ASn) Htdmhnñnsâ ]²Xn{]tZi¯pÅ ]Xns\®mbnct¯mfw t]tcmSv XXvImet¯¡v Hgnªpt]mIm³ A[nIrXÀ \nÀtZiw \ðInbXv. I\¯ agbnepw aªphogvNbnepw Htdmhnð Umw \ndªpIhnªXmbncpóp {]iv--\w. Ient^mÀWnbbnse s^XÀ \ZnbnepÅ Cu Uman\v A³]Xp hÀjs¯ ]g¡apïv. agbpsS iàn I\¯tXmsS Umw \nÀan¨v C{Xbpw Ime¯n\nsS Xpd¡m¯ FaÀP³kn kv]nðthbpw Xpdt¡ïn hóp.AXn\nsS ag IpdªXn\mepw shÅw Iptd FaÀP³kn kv]nðth hgn XpdóphnSm\mbXn\mepw Imcyamb {]iv--\§sfmópapïmbnñ. Hgnªp t]mbhtcmsSñmw XncnsI hcm³ A\phmZhpw \ð-In.     ]ecpw tPmenbnð \nóv Ah[nsbSp¯mWv \ZnIfnse a®v Acn¨v kzÀWw tXSpóXv. HgnhpImew sNehnSm\mbn hcpóhcpw Ct¸mÄ e£yanSpóXv HtdmhnñmWv. kabhpw sNehnSmw Imipw Dïm¡mw FóXmWv ChcpsS t]mfnkn. {]tZi¯v C¯c¯nð tiJcn¡pó kzÀWw hm§pó Hcp tÌmdpapïv. 40 apXð 300 tUmfÀ hsc kzÀWw hgn t\Sm\mbhcpsïóp ]dbpóp Cu tÌmdpSaIÄ.      

'tIcfnse BZy I\ymkv{Xo Hcp Ipnbp-sS A-bm-b hn-[h, kymkn\n k` m]nXv Nmhd A\'; sRnp shfnsSpepambn I\ymkv{Xo

tIcf¯nse BZy I\ymkv{Xo Hcp hn[hbpw Hcp Ip«nbpsS A½bpambn-cp-óp-sh-óv sX-fn-hv k-ln-Xw k-aÀ-°n¨v I\ymkv{XobpsS ]pkv-XIw. sXtcyky³ ImÀasseäkv k`mwKamb knÌÀ kqkn InWän-§-ensâ aZÀ Feoizsb¡pdn-¨pÅ  ]pkv-X-I-amWv tIcf¯nse k`m Ncn{X¯nð CXphscbpÅ AdnhpIÄ amänadn¨psImïpÅ shfns¸Sp¯epIÄ \S¯pó-Xv. knÌÀ kqkn am[yaw BgvN]Xn¸n\v \ðInb A`napJ¯nð Xsâ Isï¯epIÄ¡v ]nónse sXfnhpIsf¡pdn¨v hniZoIcn¨p. ' ssh¸n\nse Hm¨´pcp¯v kztZin\nbmWv aZÀ Geoiz. e¯o³ ss{IkvXhcmb ssh¸ntÈcn IpSpw_¯nemWv ChcpsS P\\w. sXm½³ þXmï Z¼XnIfpsS F«v a¡fnð aq¯hÄ. 1831 HtÎm_À 15 \mWv P\\w. 1913 Pqsse 18 \mbncpóp A´yw. ..]Xn\mdmw hbÊnð IqSpw_mwKamb h¯cp(tZhky)bpambpÅ hnhmlw \Sóp. aqóv hÀj¯n\ptijw 1850 ð aIÄ Aóbv¡v Pòw \ðIn. 1851 tcmK_m[nX\mbn h¯cp acn¨p. 20 hbÊpÅ Geniz ]p\Àhnhml¯n\v Iq«m¡nbnñ. ]nóoSv ssZhhgnbnte¡v Geoizbpw Aóbpw GeoizbpsS Cfb ktlmZcn t{Xkybpw ISóphóp.' knÌÀ kqkn am[yaw A`napJ¯nð hniZoIcn¨p.kvXoIÄ¡v kaql¯nð kzX{´yambn Hópw sN¿m³ Ignbnsñó [mcWbmWv aZÀ Geoiz s]mfn¨sXópw ChÀ hniZoIcn¡p-óp. ]c¼cmKX [mcWbv¡v hncp²ambn BZyambn kóymkn\n k` Øm]n¨Xv ChcmWv FóXmWv knÌÀ kqknbpsS asämcp {][m\ Isï¯ð. ^mZÀ Nmhd Ipcymt¡mkv Genbmkv A¨\mWv kóymkn\n k` BZyambn Øm]n¨sXómWv ChÀ hniZoIcn¡póXv. Nmhd A¨\mWv BZyambn kóymkn\n k` Øm]n¨sXó AhImi hmZ¯n\v Ncn{X¯nsâ ]n´pWbnsñópw ChÀ ]dbpóp.

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