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_mv Hm^v Cwv ]eni \ncpI Ipdp, \ncv sdtmUv XmgvNbn; kmnI amyntesv hnZKv

bpsIbnse ]eni \nc¡pIÄ 2009 \ptijw CXmZyambn sdt¡mÀUv CSnhnte¡v hcpóp. \nehnse 0.5% ¯nð \nópw 0.25% ¯nte¡mWv ]eni \nc¡v Ip¯s\ Ipd¨Xv. km¼¯nI amµyw C\nbpw XpScpIbmsW¦nð ]eni \nc¡pIfnð IqSpXð Ipdhphcp¯psaópw _m¦v Hm^v Cw¥ïv Adnbn¨p. km¼¯nI taJesb ]nSn¨p\nÀ¯póXn\mbv 100 _ney¬ ]uïnsâ {]tXyI kvIoapw _m¦pIÄ¡mbv \S¸nem¡pw. CXn\p]pdta 60 _ney¬ ]uïnsâ bpsI kÀ¡mÀ t_mïpIfpw 10 _neyWnsâ tImÀ¸tdäv t_mïpIfpw hm§psaópw _m¦v Hm^v Cw¥ïv Adnbn¨p.  Cu \o¡§Ä _nkn\Êv þ hyànKX þ tamÀSvtKPv hmbv]Ifnse ]eni \nc¡pIÄ C\nbpw Ipdbv¡m³ sImtagvkyð _m¦pIsf \nÀ_ÔnXcm¡pw. Hät\m«¯nð ]eni\nc¡nð hcpó Ipdhpaqew Xncn¨Shv XpIIÄ IpdbpsaóXn\mð hmbv]sbSp¯n«pÅ km[mcW¡mcs\ klmbIcamIpó Hcp \o¡ambpw CXns\ ImWmw. AXn\mð¯só s{_Ivknänsâ \ñ hi§fnsemóv {]mhÀ¯nIamIpópshópw IcpXmw. AtXkabw km¼¯nI hnZKv²cpsS A`n{]mb¯nð CsXmcp \ñ kqN\bñ cmPys¯ km¼¯nI taJesb¡pdn¨v \ðIpósXópw hniZoIcn¡s¸Spóp. Ignª \mephÀjs¯ L«wL«ambpÅ ]ptcmKXn¡ptijw cmPyw hoïpw km¼¯nI amµy¯nte¡v Iq¸pIp¯póXnsâ kqN\bmWnsXópw Nne km¼¯nI hnZKv²À Nqïn¡mWn¡póp. ]eni \nc¡pIÄ C\nbpw IqSpXð Ipdbv¡psaó _m¦v Hm^v Cw¥ïv KhÀWÀ amÀ¡v ImÀWnbpsS apódnbn¸pw Cusbmcp ZpÊqN\bmWv Nqïn¡m«póXv. sImtagvkyð _m¦pIÄ¡pÅ tSw ^ïn§v kvIow hoïpw \S¸nem¡psaópw CXpaqew _m¦pIÄ¡v t\cn«v 0.25% \nc¡nð temWpIÄ FSp¡m\pw Ignbpsaópw KhÀWÀ ]dªp. CXv _nkn\Êv þ lukvtlmÄUv temWpIÄ hfsc¡qdª \nc¡nð hyànIÄ¡v \ðIphm³ _m¦pIsf hensbmcfhnð klmbn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. C\nbpw Ipdª \nc¡nð P\§Ä¡v hmbv]IÄ \ðIm¯ [\Imcy Øm]\§Äs¡Xnsc \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpsaópw KhÀWÀ Adnbn¨p. ]uïnsâ aqeyanSnhv \nan¯w ]gb km¼¯nI amµyImet¯Xpt]mse hne¡bä¯nepw 2% hÀ²\hpïmIpsaóv dnkÀÆv _m¦v Adnbn¸nð ]dbpóp. asämcp coXnbnð t\m¡nbmð sXmgnehkc§fnse Ipdhpaqew BfpIfpsS hcpam\w IpdbpIbpw AtXkabw \ntXym]tbmK km[\§Ä¡v hne IbdpIbpw sN¿pó HchØbmIpw kwPmXamIpI. CXpaqew ]enibn\¯nð hcpó em`¯nsâ {]tbmP\w \ñcoXnbnð P\§Ä¡v e`n¡msXbpamIpw. Npcp¡¯nð s{_Ivknän\pap¼v bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ A\pIqenIÄ apódnbn¸v \ðInbncpó km¼¯nI amµy¯nte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v bmYmÀ°yamIpópshópw Ct¸mgs¯ amä§sf hnebncp¯m\mIpw. Fóncpómepw aebmfnIfpw C³Uy¡mcpw AS¡apÅ IpSntbä¡msc kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw `h\þhyànKX hmbv]Ifnð hcpó ]eni \nc¡nepÅ Ipdhv sNdnb tXmXnse¦nepw hcpam\ hÀ²\hn\v ImcWamIpw. AXpt]mse IqSpXð s_\^näpÅ _m¦pIfnte¡v Ct¸mÄ temWpIÄ amäpóXn\pw `h\§Ä hm§m³ B{Kln¡póhÀ¡v tamÀSvtKPneqsS hoSpIÄ kz´am¡m\pw Ignbpó AhkchpamWv.  

s{_Ivknv amsfmpw DS\n.. bqtdmpImsc Xncnbn; Xmakhpw tPmenbpw XpScmw

Imsatdm¬ amdn sXtck sabv ]pXnb {][m\a{´nbmsb¦nepw s{_Ivknäpambn _Ôs¸« \ñ amä§sfmópw DS³ kw`hn¡nsñó Imcyw Dd¸mbn. CXpkw_Ôn¨ tlmw Hm^oknsâ hniZoIcW¡pdn¸v Cóse ]pd¯nd§nbtXmsSbmWv s{_IvknäpImÀ kz]v\wIï bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nópÅ IpSntbä¡mcpsS \nb{´Ww AS¡apÅ Imcy§Ä DS³ \S¡nsñóXv hyàambXv. BÀ«n¡nÄ 50 sâ ]p\xcq]oIcWt¯msS am{Xta, {_n«\v bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nóv ]qÀ®ambn hn«pamdm³ Ignbq. AXphtcbpw {_n«³ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð¯só Ignbpsaóv dnt¸mÀ«nð ]dbpóp. Fómð bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nópw {_n«³ hn«pamdnbmepw bpsIbnepÅ bqtdm¸pImcptSbpw bqtdm¸nepÅ {_n«ojpImcptSbpw \nbamhImi§fnð bmsXmcphn[ amähpw DïmInñ. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nóv tPmen sN¿ms\¯nbhcpw ]Tn¡phms\¯nbhcpw bpsIbpsS ]ptcmKXn¡p \ðInb kw`mh\IÄ hepXmsWópw tlmw Hm^okv dnt¸mÀ«nð ]dbpóp. CX\pkcn¨v 5 hÀjw bpsIbnse \nba§Ä¡p hnt[bambn Nnehgn¨ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ ]ucòmÀs¡ñmw XpSÀópw bpsIbnð ØncXmak¯n\pÅ AhImiw e`n¡pw. AhÀ CXn\mbv bpsIbnð cPnÌÀ sNt¿ï Bhiyw IqSnbnsñópw tlmw Hm^okv hyàam¡póp. AXpt]mse 6 hÀjw XpSÀ¨bmbn bpsIbnð Xmakn¨hÀ¡v {_n«ojv ]ucXz¯n\mbv At]£n¡phm\pw Ignbpw. AtXt]mse AôphÀjw \nba]cambn bpsIbnð XnIbv¡m¯hÀ¡pw ChnsS XpSÀópw tPmen sN¿phm\pw Xmakn¡póXn\papÅ AhImiw e`n¡pw. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse ssdäv Sp aqhv \nbaa\pkcn¨pXsó {_n«\nepÅ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ ]ucòmÀ¡v Ignbmw. AXn\mbv kÀ¡mcnð {]tXyIambn cPnÌÀ sNt¿ï Imcywt]mepanñ. AtXkabw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nóñm¯hcpw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nópÅhcpsS _Ôp¡fpw bpsIbnð XpScWsa¦nð ^manen s]Àanän\mbv At]£n¡Ww. bpsIbnse bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ ]ucòmcpsS Imcy¯nð kÀ¡mcnsâ \b§fntem \S]SnIfntem \nehnepÅXnt\¡mÄ bmsXmcp amähpw DïmInñ. Cbp sa¼ÀamcpsS IpSpw_mwK§Ä bpsIbnð XpScpóXn\mbv cPnkvt{Sj³ kÀ«n^n¡än\mbv At]£nt¡ïn hcpw. Cbp sa¼ÀamÀ Añm¯hcpsS _Ôp¡Ä sdknU³kv ImÀUn\mbpw At]£n¡Ww. \nehnse kmlNcy¯nð s]mXpkaql¯n\v amcIamb `ojWn krãn¨hÀ HgnsIbpÅ Cbphnð \nópÅ BÀ¡pw bpsIbnð XpSÀóv Xmakn¡póXn\pw tPmen sN¿póXn\pw Ignbpw. AXmbXv s{_IvknäpImÀ kz]v\w IïXpt]mse HmtcmhÀjhpw e£¡W¡n\v Cbp¡mÀ bpsIbnð\nópw aS§pItbm B Hgnhnð C³Uy¡mÀ AS¡apÅ aäp cmPy¡mÀ¡v IqSpXð sXmgnehkc§Ä e`n¡pItbm Hópw sN¿nñ. Fómð ]pXnbXmbn bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nsó¯póhsc am{Xw \nb{´n¡pIbpw sN¿pw.

s{_Ivknv: kmnIcwKs cnm \nIpXn Ips\ Ipdbvpsav Nm; hntZi \nt]Isc BIjnpw

s{_Ivknän\ptijw {_n«\nse km¼¯nI taJebnð \nóv hntZi \nt£]IÀ Iq«t¯msS Hgnªpt]mIpóXv CñmXm¡m³ tImÀ¸tdäv SmIvkpIfnð 15% t¯mfw CfhpIÄ hcp¯psaóv Nm³ÉÀ tPmÀPv Hkvt_m¬ {]Jym]n¨p. km¼¯nI cwK¯n\v \hPoh³ \ðIpóXn\pÅ 5 {][m\ \S]SnIfnð Hómbncn¡pw _nkn\Êv SmIvkpIfnse h³ sh«n¡pdbv¡ð Fópw [\a{´n hyàam¡n. s{_Ivknäv \S¸nembmð {_n«³ ISp¯ hne¡bä¯nte¡pw km¼¯nI amµy¯nte¡pw Iq¸pIp¯psaóv tPmÀPv Hkvt_m¬ t\cs¯ {]Jym]n¨ncpóp. BdphÀjw ap¼v Imsatdm¬ a{´nk` A[nImctaä kabw Bcw`n¨ km¼¯nI ]cnjvImc§Ä Ct¸mÄ hoïpw BhÀ¯nt¡ïn hóncn¡pIbmsWópw Hkvt_m¬ hniZoIcn¨p. C\nbnt¸mÄ amdnb kmlNcy¯nepw {_n«s\ F§s\ km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXnbnte¡v \bn¡mw FóXn\mWv ap´q¡w \ðIpósXópw {_n«s\ kw_Ôn¨v hcpwhÀj§Ä I\¯ shñphnfnIfptSXmIpsaópw Hkvt_m¬ ss^\m³jyð ssSwkn\p \ðInb A`napJ¯nð ]dªp. 15% ¯ne[nIw tImÀ¸tdäv SmIvkpIfnð Ipdhphcp¯póXv hntZi \nt£]Isc {_n«\nte¡v BIÀjn¡psaóv am{Xañ, \nehnse _nkn\Êv Øm]\§sf ]nSn¨p\nÀ¯póXn\pÅ ]²XnIqSnbmbmWv AhXcn¸n¡pI. \nehnð 20% tImÀ¸tdj³ SmIvkpIÄ {_n«\nð CuSm¡nhcpóp. 2020 HmsS CXv 17%¯nte¡v Ipdbv¡m\mbncpóp kÀ¡mcnsâ X¿msdSp¸v. AXn\nSbnemWv s{_Ivknänsâ ISóphchv. amdnb kmlNcy¯nð 15% Xmsg tImÀ¸tdj³ SmIvkpIÄ sImïphsó¦nð am{Xta, _nkn\Êv temIs¯ {]oXns¸Sp¯phm³ Ignbq. cmPy¯nsâ ]pXnb km¼¯nI LS\ cq]s¸Sp¯póXnð ITn\ {ia§Ä thïnhcpsaópw AXn\mbpÅ Xo{h{ia¯nemWv Ct¸msgópw tPmÀPv Hkvt_m¬ ]dªp. Fóncpómepw C\nsbmcp Atôm Btdm hÀj§Ä sImïpam{Xta \nehnse km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXnbnte¡v {_n«³ F¯nt¨cqshó ImgvN¸mSnð amäansñópw Hkvt_m¬ hyàam¡n.  

tPmks ]nmw Cymv XncnSn.. tSmdnIfn `nX cqw; sXtck sabn\v km[yXIqSn

{][m\a{´n ]Z¯n\mbv aÕcn¡m\nsñó t_mdnkv tPm¬ksâ {]Jym]\w I¬kÀthäohv ]mÀ«nbnð `nóX cq£am¡n. CtXmsS tlmw sk{I«dnbpw ko\nbÀ h\nXm t\Xmhpamb sXtck sabn\v {][m\a{´n ]Z¯nte¡pÅ km[yX IqSpIbpw sNbvXp. s{_Ivknäv {]NmcW¯nsâ Aac¡mc\mbncpóp tPm¬k³. Fómð {]NmcWthfbnð IqsS\nó ko\nbÀ tSmdn Fw.]n ssat¡ð tKmhv tPm¬k\v ]n´pW \ðInsñópw ]Icw {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯bv¡v kzbw aÕcn¡psaópw Adnbn¨XmWv Ct¸mÄ {]XnkÔn C{Xbpw cq£am¡nbXv. CtXmsS aÕc¯n\nsñóv tPm¬k³ hyàam¡pIbmbncpóp. CtXmsS {][m\a{´n tUhnUv ImsatdmWnsâ IqSn ]n´pWbpÅ sXtck sabn\v km[yXIqSpIbmbncpóp. {]Xntcm[ a{´nbptSbpw KXmKX a{´nbptSbpw ]n´pWIqSn e`n¨tXmsS ]mÀ«n¡pÅnse aÕc¯nð Gähpw IqSpXð ]n´pW e`n¡pó Fw.]nbmbpw sXtck sabv amdnbn«pïv. 77 Fw.]namcpsS ]n´pWbmWv sXtck sabn\pÅXv. aÕc¯n\pÅ CXc t\Xm¡mÄ¡v e`n¨n«pÅ ]n´pW Gsd IpdhmsWóXmWv sXtck sabv XsóbmIpw ASp¯ {][m\a{´n Fó \nKa\¯n\pw iàn]Icpóp. tPm¬k³ ]nòmdnb kmlNcy¯nð Ìo^³ Im_mWv \nehnð IqSpXð Fw.]namcpsS ]n´pWbpÅ cïmas¯ {][m\a{´n Øm\mÀYn. 21 Fw.]namÀ \nehnð Ìo^s\ ]n´pWbv¡póp. \mSIobX krãn¨ ssat¡ð tKmhn\v CXphsc 18 Fw.]namcpsS ]n´pW am{Xta t\Sm\mbn«pÅq. B³{Unb eoUvkan\v 17 t]cpsS ]n´pWbpapïv. asämcp Im³UntUäv enbw t^mIvkv H³]Xp t]cpsS ]n´pWbpambn Gähpw ]ndInepamWv. t_mdnkv tPm¬ksâ ]nòmät¯msS s{_Ivknän\v ]n´pW \ðInbhcpw Gsd \ncmibnemWnt¸mÄ. ImcWw {][m\a{´n ImsatdmWnsâ ]mXIsf AtXt]mse ]n´pScpó hyànbmbmWv sXtck sabv CtXhsc Adnbs¸«ncpóXv. AXpsImïpXsó \nehnse t]mfnknIfnð henb amä§sfmópw hcp¯m³ sXtck sabv Xp\nbpIbnsñópw IqSpXðt¸À IcpXpóp. s{_Ivknän\mbv t_mdnkv tPm¬k³ sNbvX hmKvZm\§sfmópw AtXmsS sXtck sabnt\m {][m\a{´nbmtb¡mhpó aäpÅhÀt¡m ]qÀ®ambpw \S¸nem¡m³ Igntª¡nñ FóXmWv s{_Ivknäv A\pIqenIÄ¡nSbnse Bi¦bv¡pÅ ImcWw. amÀKcXv Xm¨dpsS ]n³Kmanbmb Dcp¡ph\nXsbóv ]ecpw sXtck sabns\ hntijn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿póp. sXtck sabv {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯bv¡v IqSpXð ASp¡póXns\ `oXntbmsSbmWv bpsIbnse C³Uy¡mcpw ImWpóXv. ImcWw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\p ]pds¯ IpSntbä¡msc {_n«\p ]pds¯¯n¡m³ IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä \S¸nem¡nbhcmWv sXtck sabv. AXn\mev¯só sabv A[nImc¯nð hómð bqWnb³ IpSntbä¡mÀ¡v IqSpXð \nb{´Ww sImïphcpóXpt]mse C³Uy¡mcS¡apÅ hntZi IpSntbä¡mcpsS \nb{´W \nba§fpw IÀi\am¡ntb¡pw FóXmWv s]mXpthbpÅ `bw.  

tPmk\v Imcy FfpamIn; {][m\a{n Itkcbvmbv tImpIqpXv 5 tSmdn t\Xm

ap³ eï³ tabÀ t_mdnkv tPm¬k\p ]Icw Hcp te_À t\Xmthm ens_dð sUtam{ImänIv t\Xmthm Asñ¦nð bpIn]v t\Xmhv \ntKð ^tctKm Bbncpóp s{_Ivknäv Iyms¼bn\nsâ Aac¡mc³ F¦nð F´mbncn¡pw Ct¸mgs¯ AhØ..? I¬kÀthäohpIÄ¡v Hcp t\XramäwsImïv aqóchÀj¡mew _m¡nbpÅ `cWw XpSÀópt]mIm³ Ignbpambncpónñ. AXmbXv Ct¸mÄ {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imsatdm¬ cmPnh¨Xpt]mse I¬kÀthäohv a{´nk` HómsI cmPnhbvt¡ïn hcnIbpw cmPy¯n\v ]pXnb XncsªSp¸ns\ t\cntSïn hcnIbpw sNbvtXs\. AXpsImïpXsó t_mdnkv tPm¬ks\ hnaX Iym¼nsâ Xeh\m¡nbXpw Hcp I¬kÀthäohv X{´w XsóbmIWw FópIcpXpóhcpw Gsdbpïv. P\lnX ]cntim[\bpsS {]Jym]\¯n\pap¼v ImsatdmWpambv hfsc ASp¯ _ÔapÅ hyànIfnð HcmfmbmWv t_mdnkv tPm¬k³ Adnbs¸«ncpóXv. s{_Ivknäv {]NmcWw XpS§nbtXmsS am{XamWv Ccphcpw _²i{Xp¡sft¸mse s]cpamdm\pw XpS§nbXv. s{_Ivknäv Iyms¼bnsâ Aac¡mcsâ Øm\w aämcpw sImïpt]mImXncn¡m\pw P\lnX ]cntim[\bnð HutZymKnI]£w ]cmPbs¸SpIbmsW¦nð `cWw \ãs¸SmXncn¡m\papÅ I¬kÀthäohpIfpsS X{´ambv AXpsImïmWv ]ckv]capÅ Cu Gäpap«ens\ Nne cm{ãob \nco£Isc¦nepw IïXv. C§s\sbmcp Btcm]Ww Dbcpt¼mgpw I¬kÀthäohv Iym¼nð, t_mdnkv tPm¬k\v {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯¡pÅ Ibäw A{X Ffp¸amInñ Fóp sXfnbn¡póp ]pXnb kw`hhnImk§Ä. eohv þ C³ Iyms¼bn\pIfnð ]ckv]cw Gäpap«nbncpó tSmdn t\Xm¡Ä Ct¸mgpw ]ckv]cw Btcm]W {]Xymtcm]W§Ä Dóbn¨psImïncn¡póp FóXmWv hkvXpX. tSmdnIfnð `qcn`mKhpw A\pIqen¨ncpóXmIs«, {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imsatdm¬ \bn¨ncpó HutZymKnI ]£t¯bpw. (tPm¬ksâ `mcy aco\ hoeÀ) ^e¯nð, ssk¡nÄ Nhn«n Unódns\¯pó; tZjyw hómð \SptdmUnð h¨pw ]¨s¯dn ]dbm³ aSn¡m¯, H«pw tamtUWpw ^mj³ t{]anbpw Añm¯ t_mdnkv tPm¬ks\ DÄs¡mÅm³ I¬kÀthäohpIfnse BVy bmYmØnXnIÀ¡v Ct¸mgpw Ignbpónñ FóXmWv bmYmÀ°yw. ]ecpw Hcp tImamfnsbt¸msebmWv tPm¬ks\ Ct¸mgpw ImWpóXpw. AXn\mð¯só slð¯v sk{I«dn sPsdan lïnsâbpw tlmw sk{I«dn sXtck sabptSbpw hnZym`ymk sk{I«dn an¡n tamÀKsâbpsañmw t]cpIÄ {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯¡v Ct¸mÄ DbÀóptIÄ¡póp. ImsatdmWnt\mSv hfsc ASp¸apÅhÀ Bbn«pw tlmw sk{I«dn sXtck sabpw sPsdan lïpsamópw bqWnbs\ A\pIqen¨v henb Iyms¼bn\pIÄ \S¯nbncpónñ FóImcyhpw Cu Ahkc¯nð kvacWobamWv. CXns\ms¡¸pdta, Imsatdm¬ Xsó HcpL«¯nð t_mdnkv tPm¬ks\ ASp¯ {][m\a{´n Øm\t¯¡v Nqïn¡mWn¨ncpóp FóXn\mð CsXñmw ImsatdmWnsâ IqSn AdnthmSpIqsSbpÅ, I¬kÀthäohv `cWw c£n¡m\pÅ Hcp\mSIw Bbncpsóóv IcpXnbmepw Ipäw ]dbm\mInñ.  

s{_Ivknv: HZn\wsImv Smbvv \sXv 30,000 tImSn cq]; bpsIbnse IqSpX ^mdnI ]qntbpw

{_n«ojv P\X s{_Ivknän\v A\pIqeambn thm«psNbvXXnð t\«§Ä e`n¨htcsd. Fómð Gähpw henb km¼¯nI \ã§fnsemóv kw`hn¨Xv C³Uy³ I¼\nbmb Smäbv¡pw. bpsIbnse Gähpw henb hntZi \nt£]I\pw Gähpa[nIw Poh\¡mcpÅ hntZi \nt£]I Øm]\hpw SmäbptSXmWv. bpsIbnse Smä Ìoð ^mÎdnIÄ \ãs¯ XpSÀóv Smä t\ct¯Xsó AS¨p]q«nbncpóp. Chbnð ]eXpw bpsI kÀ¡mcnsâ ]¦mfn¯apÅ Øm]\§Ä¡v ssIamäw sN¿m\pÅ X¿msdSp¸nepambncpóp Smä. Fómð s{_Ivknäv {]mhÀ¯nIambtXmsS Smä tamt«mgvknsâbpw Smä Ìoensâbpw Sn.kn.Fknsâbpw HmlcnhneIfnð 8%hsc Ipdhv A\p`hs¸SpIbmbncpóp. s{_Ivknänsâ ^ew hó shÅnbmgvN am{Xw Cu HmlcnIfnð Smäbv¡v \ãambXv 30,000 tImSn cq]bpw. ]q«nb Ìoð I¼\nIÄ amän\nÀ¯nbmepw \nehnð SmäbpsS 19 I¼\nIÄ bpsIbnð {]hÀ¯n¡pópïv. AXnð BsI 60,000 Poh\¡mcpw tPmensN¿póp. bpsIbnð Smä \nÀ½nbv¡pó PKzmÀ em³Uv tdmhÀ AS¡apÅ hml\§Ä, C\napXð bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fnte¡v IbäpaXn sN¿pt¼mÄ IqSpXð \nIpXnbpw bqtdm]y³ bqWnsâ {]tXyI sehnbpw t\cntSïn hcpsaóXmWv I¼\n¡v Xncn¨SnbmIpI. 1907 apXð bpsIbnð SmäbpsS henb kzm[o\apïv. sSäven, sP.Fð.BÀ, tImdkv XpS§nb I¼\nIsf GsäSp¯psImïmbncpóp cwK{]thi\w. skâv sPbnwkv tImÀ«v tlms«ð, {_®À tamïv Fónhbpw Smä GsäSp¯ bpsIbnð h¦nS Øm]\§fmWv. AXn\mð¯só s{_Ivknäv bpsIbnse I¼\nIÄ¡p apónð bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ hn]Wn XpdónSmXncpómð, SmäbpsS aäv I¼\nIfpw km¼¯nI {]iv\¯nte¡v hotW¡w. Cu I¼\nIfnð tPmen sN¿póhcmIs« `qcn`mKhpw C³Uy³ hwiPcpamsWóXv C³Uybv¡v IqSqXð Xncn¨SnbmIpw.  

{_n t]mfnv _qn.. bqtdmns\mw temIhpw Dpt\mpp; Ahkm\ ktbn C A\pIqenIġv eoUv

{_n«\v Cóv Ncn{XZn\w. cmhnse GgpapXð Xsó P\lnX ]cntim[\bv¡mbv Bbnc¡W¡n\v BfpIÄ cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[`mK§fnð Hcp¡nbn«pÅ t]mfn§v _q¯nte¡v HgpIn¯pS§n. {_n«sâ Ncn{X¯nð Xsó tZiobXe¯nð \S¡pó aqómas¯ P\lnX ]cntim[\bmWv C.bp sd^dïw. CXnsâ ^ew {_n«sâ Ncn{XKXnXsó amänsbgpXntb¡mw. H¸w bqtdm]y³ bqWnbtâbpw. Ccp]£hpw iàamb {]NmcWw \S¯nb t]mcm«¯nð CXmZyambn {][m\a{´n Imsatdm¬ \bn¡pó bqWnb³ A\pIqenIÄ Ahkm\ kÀtÆbnð 6 t]mbnâv eoUv t\Sn. {]apJ am[ya§fmb sUbvensabnepw sFSnhnbpw tNÀóp\S¯nb kÀtÆbnemWv bqWnb³ ]£s¯ 48% t]cpw eohv ]£s¯ 42% t]cpw A\pIqen¡pshó shfns¸Sp¯ð. Fw.]n sPm tImIvkns\, Cbphns\ A\pIqen¡póXnsâ t]cnð tZiobhmZn ZmcpWambn sImes¸Sp¯nbtXmsS Dcp¯ncnª bqWnb³ A\pIqe XcwK¯nð \nópw IcIbdm³ s{_Ivknäv ]£¯n\mbnsñópw Cu kÀtÆ^ew sXfnbn¡póp. F¦nð¯sóbpw {_n«\nse {]apJ tZiob am[ya§fmb k¬ ]{X¯nsâbpw sUbven sabvensâbpw ]n´pW t\Sm\mbXn\mð s{_Ivknäv ]£w Ahkm\ A«nadnbneqsS hnPbw t\Snbmepw AÛpXs¸tSïXnñ. 11% BfpIfpw t]mfn§n\v HcpZn\w ap¼pw A´na Xocpam\w ssIs¡mïn«nsñópw kÀtÆ ^e¯nð ]dbpóp. AXn\mð ChÀ Ft§mt«bv¡v NmbpsaóXns\¡qSn B{ibn¨ncn¡pw A´na t]mfn§v ^ew. Cópcmhnse GgpaWn apXð t]mfn§v Bcw`n¨p. cm{Xn ]¯paWnhsc thm«pIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯mw. AÀ²cm{Xn apXð thms«®ð Bcw`n¡pw. \msf shfp¸ns\tbmsSXsó BZy^e§Ä AdnªpXpS§pw.  

s{_Ivknns\ A\pIqenv aebmfn Iukne tSmw BZnXy... Xocpam\w A\p`h X ]mTsapw tSmw

bpsI aebmfnIÄ¡nSbnð thdn« kzchpw cm{ãob Nn´mKXnIfpambn {it²b\mb hyànXz¯n\pSabmWv ku¯v ¥uskÌÀssjÀ Iuïnbnse Iu¬kneÀ tSmw BZnXy. AXn\mð¯só hnhmZhpw KuchXchpamb hnjb§fnðtSmw BZnXybpsS hm¡pIÄ¡v aebmfn kaqlw ImtXmÀ¡pIbpw sN¿póp. Hcp I¬kÀthäohv Iu¬kneÀ Bbn«pIqSn, {][m\a{´n ImsatdmWnsâbpw `qcn`mKw tSmdnIfptSbpw A`n{]mb¯n\v hn`nóamb Hcp ho£Whpw Xocpam\hpamWv bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ (Cbp) P\lnX ]cntim[\m hnjb¯nð tSmw ssIs¡mÅpóXv. AXn\pÅ ImcW§Ä At±lw hyàambn s^bvkv_p¡v t]mÌneqsS hniZoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿póp. AXnse {]kà`mK§fneqsS P\lnX ]cntim[\bpsS t]mfn§v XpS§n¡gnª Cu Ahkc¯nepw AXnthKsamóv ISópt]mIpóXv KpWIcamb Hcp Xocpam\w ssIs¡mÅpóXn\v klmbIcamtb¡pw. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ P\lnX ]cntim[\sb¡pdn¨v ku¯v shÌv Cw¥ïnð \Só Unt_än§v t^md¯nsâ sNbÀam\mbncpóp tSmw BZnXy. AXn\mð¯só CXpkw_Ôn¨p \Só NqtSdnb NÀ¨Ifnseñmw At±lw \njv]£Xbpw ]men¨ncpóp. Fóncpómepw C¡mcy¯nð hmb\¡mÀ¡p apónð C\nbpw IqSpXð \bX{´w ]bäm\nsñóv tSmw BZnXy teJ\¯nð BZytaXsó hyàam¡póp. C¡mcy¯nepÅ kz´w ImgvN¸mSpIsfñmw hmb\¡mÀ¡papónð Xpdóphbv¡pIbmWv At±lw Cu teJ¯neqsS. A\h[n BtemN\IÄ¡pw Nn´IÄ¡pw tijw Cbp P\lnX ]cntim[\bnð Dd¨ Hcp Xocpam\saSps¯ópw AXv {_n«³ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ hn«pt]mIm³ Bhiys¸Spó s{_Ivknäns\ ]n´pWbv¡m\pw BsWóv tSmw BZnXy shfns¸Sp¯n. "cmPys¯ cm{ãob þ kmaqlnI hyhØnXnbnse hnhn[ Øm]\§fnð hÀj§fmbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¨Xnsâ A\p`h k¼¯v F\nbv¡pïv. Cu Xocpam\w I¬kÀthäohv ]mÀ«nbnse Nne ta[mhnIfnð \nópw Ibvt]dnb A\p`hhpw Ct¸mÄ k½m\n¨p. Fsâ cm{ãob `mhnsb¯só Ct¸msgSp¯ Xocpam\w F§s\ _m[n¡psaóv Hcp \nÝbhpanñ' t]mÌnð tSmw BZnXy a\ÊpXpd¡póp. F¦nð¯sóbpw cm{ãs¯ ]ptcmKXnbnte¡v \bn¡psaóv hnizmkapÅ kz´w Nn´mKXnIfnð¯só Dd¨p\nð¡m³ Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncpóp. {_n«sâ \nb{´Ww {_n«³ Xsó XncnsI GsäSp¡póXpXsóbmWv \ñXv. Fóncpómepw bqWnb³ A\pIqenItfmSpw bmsXmcp hntcm[hpansñópw At±lw hyàam¡n. {Koknð DbÀóphÀó km¼¯nI {]iv\§fpw B {]iv\¯nð bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ ssIs¡mï \S]SnIfpwXsó, bqWnb³ Øm]nXambt¸mgpÅ GIoIcWw Fó Bibw hnPbIcamInñ FóXnsâ henb sXfnhmbn amdn. [\Imcy Øm]\§tfbpw tImÀ¸tdj\pItfbpw kwc£n¡phm\pw AhcpsS Xmev]cy§Ä km[mcW¡mc\pw ]ntóm¡ cmPy§Ä¡pwtað ASnt¨ð]n¡m\pÅ Hcp]IcWw am{Xambn bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ amdn¡gnªp. {_n«s\ kw_Ôn¨pw sXmgnemfnIfpsS AhImi§Ä kwc£n¡phm³ BhiyambsXmópw C.bp \nba§fnepïmbncpónñ. A¡mcy¯nð ]et¸mgpw bpsI \nba§Ä Xsóbmbncpóp C.bp \nba§sf¡mtfsd KpWIcw. AXnsâ DZmlcW§fnsemómWv {_n«\nð 5 apXð 6 BgvNhsc hmÀjnI tlmfntUIÄ e`n¡pt¼mÄ C.bphneXv 4 BgvN am{XamsWóXv. CsXms¡ aqew bYmÀ°¯nð C.bp. \nba§Ä {_n«s\ izmkwap«n¡pIbmbncpóp. AXnð \nópÅ tamN\amWv s{_Ivknäv. cmPy¯nsâ ]cam[nImcw, km¼¯nIcwKw, IpSntbäw Fónhbnð Duónbmbncn¡Ww P\lnX ]cntim[\bnse lnXcq]oIcWw. bqtdm¸v FóXv {]IrXn]camb Hcp {]Xn`mkamsW¦nð bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ FóXv cmãob]camb Hcp hnImcw am{XamWv. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ hn«mepw bpsIbv¡v bqtdm¸nse \nb{´WImcy§fnð henb ]¦phln¡phm³ Ignbpw. AXpt]mse {]m[m\yaÀln¡póXmWv km¼¯nI taJe. ]dªptIÄ¡póXpt]mse Cbp hn«pt]mómepw {_n«sâ km¼¯nI cwKw BsI¯IcpIsbmópanñ. \nehnð temIs¯ Aômas¯ km¼¯nI iànbmWv bpsI. temIs¯ \memas¯ ssk\nIiànbpw {_n«³ Xsó. \mtämbv¡pw tIm½¬shð¯n\pw Pn7 \pw Pn20 bv¡psañmw t\XrXzw \ðIpóXpw {_n«³ Xsó. IpSntbäamWv {_n«s\ Gähpa[nIw hebv¡pó {]iv\w. C.bp AwKcmPy§fnð Gähpa[nIw a\pjymhImi§fpw t£a]²XnIfpw e`n¡pó {_n«\nte¡v aäv AwKcmPy§fnð\nóv IpSntbdm\pÅ BfpIfpsS {]hWX XoÀ¨bmbpw hÀ²n¨ncn¡pw. Ing¡³ bqtdm¸nse Zcn{Z cmPy§fnð \nópw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð sXmgnðtXSn F¯póhcpsS F®hpw C\nbpw IqSns¡mïncn¡pw. Cbphnð \nópÅ A\nb{´nX IpSntbäw C³Uy¡mÀ¡pw {_n«\nð e`n¨psImïncpó ]c¼cmKX Ahkc§Ä henb Afhnð \ãs¸Sp¯nbn«pïv. am{Xañ, C³Uybnse _Ôp¡fpambpÅ CS]gIenepw hnk \nb{´W§Ä amä§Ä hcp¯n. CsXms¡aqew Cbp cmPy§fnð \nópÅ IpSntbäs¯ iàambn \nb{´n¡phm³ Ignªnsñ¦nð AXv kao]`mhnbnð¯só {_n«sâ km¼¯nI þ kmaqlnI taJeIÄ¡v I\¯ BLmXamIpsaópw IcpXpópshópw tSmw BZnXy apódnbn¸v \ðIpóp.  

s{_Ivknv {_ns kzmX{yw t_mdnkv, t_mdnkv Is\v kmZnJv; Ana Xocpam\n\v \nġpw Hcp Ffphgn

{_n«³ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð XpSctWm Fóp Xocpam\n¡s¸Spó P\lnX ]cntim[\bv¡v aWn¡qdpIÄ am{Xw _m¡n \nðs¡, "eohv' A\pIqenIfmb s{_Ivknäv ]£hpw "C³' A\pIqenIfmb bqWnb³ ]£hpw Ahkm\ Bbp[§fpsaSp¯v ]bäpóp. Ccp]£t¯bpw {]apJ t\Xm¡sf AWn\nc¯n shw»n Aco\bnð _n_nkn Hcp¡nb {]tXyI XncsªSp¸v thZnbnemWv eï³ ap³ tabÀ t_mdnkv tPm¬k\pw ]pXnb tabÀ kmZnJv Jm\pw X½nð hm¡pIfmð Gäpap«nbXv. {_n«sâ kzmX{´y¯n\mbpÅ t]mcm«amWnsXópw CXnð ]cmPbs¸SqIbmsW¦nð thm«psN¿póhÀ am{Xañ AhcpsS XeapdIÄ IqSn \cIn¡¯¡ ØnXnhntijw hcpsaópw t_mdnkv tPm¬k³ HmÀan¸n¨p. bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fnð \nópÅ IpSntbä¡mcpsS Ips¯mgp¡n\p ]pdta, anUnð CuÌnð \nópÅ CÉmanI A`bmÀYn {]hmlw aqehpw {_n«³ ASp¯ AôphÀj¯n\pÅnð km¼¯nIambpw kmaqlnI]cambpw XIcpsaópw t_mdnkv Nqïn¡mWn¨p. {_n«\nse ]c¼cmKX {_n«ojpImcpsS ]nSnbnð\nópw `cWwhsc ssIhn«pt]mIpó ØnXnbnð km[mcW¡mcsâ PohnXw \cIXpeyhpamIpsaóv t_mdnkv tPm¬k³ apódnbn¸v \ðIn. s{_Ivknäv {_n«sâ ]pXnb kzX{´yZn\ambn amds«sbópw tPm¬k³ {]Xymi {]ISn¸n¨p. CXns\ FXnÀ¯mWv ]cn]mSnbnð ]s¦Sp¯ncpó kmZnJv Jm³ tPm¬k³ \pWIfpsS Iq¼mcamWv Agn¨phnSpósXó Btcm]WapbÀ¯nbXv. shdp¸nsâ kn²m´amWv tPm¬k³ ]Tn¸n¡pósXópw Ime¯n\pw Bhiy¯n\pw A\pkcn¨v {_n«³ amtdïXpsïópw kmZnJv Nqïn¡mWn¨p. kvtImSvem³Unð \nópXsóbpÅ I¬kÀthäohv eoUÀ anÊnkv tUhnUvkWpw t_mdnkv tPm¬ks\ ]gn¨p. s{_Ivknän\p thïnbpÅ {]NmcWw tPm¬k³ shdpw t_mdnkv tjmbm¡n amänsbópw tUhnUvk¬ Btcm]n¨p. ssehmbn \S¯nb ]cn]mSnbnð ]s¦Sp¡m³ Bdmbnct¯mfw ImWnIfpw F¯nbncpóp. Ccp]£hpw Btcm]W {]Xymtcm]W§fpambv aptódnbtXmsS, BÀ¡mWv Ahkm\h« aptóäw FóXv Xncn¨dnbm\mhm¯ ØnXnbmWnt¸mÄ. Ccph«hpw H¸¯ns\m¸w FómWv Gähpw HSphnes¯ kÀtÆ ^e§Ä sXfnbn¨Xv. AXn\nsS k¬ ]{X¯n\ptijw {_n«\nse asämcp t]m¸peÀ ]{Xamb sUbven sabvepw s{_Ivknäns\ A\pIqen¨v cwKs¯¯nbXv bqWnb³ A\pIqenIfmb ImsatdmWn\pw kwL¯n\pw Xncn¨SnbptSXmbn amdn. {_n«\nð hnizmkapsï¦nð "eohn'\mbv thm«psN¿m³ sUbven sabvepw Bhiys¸Spóp. acn¨psImïncn¡pó bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð C\nbpw ]nSn¨pXq§msX {_n«s\ kvt\ln¨pXpS§msaómWv ]{X¯nsâ Blzm\w. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð XpScWsaóv _ew]nSn¡póhÀ¡v AXn\pX¡Xmbn FSp¯pImWn¡m³ \sñmcpImcyw t]mepansñópw ]{X¯nsâ Iaâv t]Pnð ]dbpóp. A\nb{´nX IpSntbäs¯ A\pIqen¡pó bqtdm]y³ \bs¯bpw {_n«\ptað ASnt¨ev]n¡s¸Spó bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ \nba§tfbpw AkzØXIfpw Zmcn{Zyhpw sImSpIp¯nhmgpó bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ AwKcmPy§tfbpsams¡ hniZambn hnebncp¯nbtijamWv s{_Ivknän\mbv thm«psN¿m³ sUbvensabvepw Blzm\w sN¿póXv. Fw.]n sPm tImIvknsâ ZmcpW sIme]mXI¯n\ptijw Aev]w eoUv t\Snbncpó bqWnb³ A\pIqenIÄ¡v Xncn¨Snbpw s{_Ivknäv A\pIqenIÄ¡v Ahkm\ ]nSnhÅnbpamIpw sUbven sabnð Iasâópw IcpXmw. Ccp]£¡mcptSbpw Btcm]W§fpw {]Xymtcm]W§fpw tI«v F´ns\ A\pIqen¨v thm«psN¿Wsaóv Xocpam\n¡m\mImsX Ipg§póhcnð Ct¸mgpw A\h[n aebmfnIfpapïv. A§s\bpÅhÀ¡v A´na Xocpam\saSp¡m³ {_n«ojv]{Xhpw Hcp Ffp¸hgn ]dªpXcmw. HcpImcyw BZyta a\Ênem¡pI. s{_Ivknäv Fómð amäw FómWv AÀ°w. \ñXmsW¦nepw tamiamsW¦nepw \nehnse kmlNcy§fnð \nópÅ Hcp amäw s{_IvknäneqsS {_n«\nð kw`hn¡pw. bqWnb\nð XqScpI FóXmIs«, \nehnse kmlNcy§fnð bmsXmcphn[ amähpanñmsX PohnXw aptóm«psImïpt]mIpI FóXpXsó. CXnsâ ASnØm\¯nð GXm\pw tNmZy§Ä sImïpXsó F´ns\ A\pIqen¡Ww Fóv \n§Ä¡v kzbw Xocpam\n¡m\pw Ignbpw. s{_Ivknäns\¡pdn¨pw bqWnbs\¡pdn¨pw CXphsc tI«dnªXpw IïdnªXpamb Btcm]W {]Xymtcm]W§sfñmw adópIfbpI. I®pIfS¨v Aev]t\cw a\Êv im´am¡n Ccn¡q... Fón«v Xmsg¸dbpó Imcy§Ä kzbw tNmZn¨pt\m¡q... {_n«\nse Ct¸mgs¯ PohnX¯nð Rm³ kwXr]vX\mtWm..? Fsâ IpSpw_mwK§Ä kwXr]vXcmtWm...? {_n«\nse Ct¸mgs¯ cm{ãobþkmaqlnI kmlNcyw Fsâ tPmenbpsS kpc£bv¡v DXIpóXmtWm..? Fsâ km¼¯nI AhØ Xr]vXnIcamtWm...? Ct¸mgs¯ AhØbnð \m«nse IpSpw_mwK§fpambn \ñ_Ôw ]peÀ¯m³ F\nbv¡p Ignbpóptïm..? bpsIbnse aebmfn kaqlhpambn \ñ_Ôw ]peÀ¯m³ Ignbpóptïm..? Cu tNmZy§fnseñmw AsX FómWv D¯csa¦nð XoÀ¨bmbpw \n§Ä¡v I®S¨v bqWnb³ A\pIqenIÄ¡mbv "C³' \pthïn thm«psN¿mw. C\n Añ FómWv D¯csa¦nð AXpt]mseXsó "s{_Ivknän'\mbv 'eohn'\pw thm«nSmw. C\n NneXnð AsX Fópw aäpNneXnð Añ FópamWv a\Êv \ðIpó D¯csa¦nð `qcn]£w GXns\óXv ]cnKWn¨pw thm«psN¿mw.

dmans cmPnbpw s{_Ivknpw; CUy hn]Wnbpw cq]bpw CSnp.. s{_Ivknn ]uv XIcptam..?

s{_Ivknäv \S¸nembmð {_n«\nse tÌm¡v amÀ¡äpw ]uïv aqeyhpw Ip¯s\ CSnbpsaómbncpóp "C³' Iym¼nse {][m\ {]NmcWw. Fómð s{_Ivknän\p apt¼Xsó C³Uy³ amÀ¡äpw cq]aqeyhpw Ip¯s\ CSnªpshóXmWv km¼¯nI temIs¯ Bi¦bnemgv¯pó Imcyw. dnkÀÆv _m¦v KhÀWÀ cLp dmw cmPsâ A{]Xo£nX cmPnbmWv C³Uy³ Hmlcn hn]Wn¡v I\¯ Xncn¨SnbmbXv. sk]väw_dnð Imemh[n Ignbm\ncns¡ C\nsbmcp XhWIqSn dnkÀÆv _m¦v KhÀWdmbn XpScm³ Csñóv dmw hyàam¡nbncpóp. AtX¸nSn¨p \Só cm{ãob Icp\o¡§fmWv cLpdmansâ Itkc sXdn¸n¨sXópw Adnbpóp. CtXmsS C³Uy³ amÀ¡äpIÄ Ip¯s\ CSnbpIbmbncpóp. HscmäZn\w 400 t]mbnântesdbmWv sk³skIvkv CSnªXv. ]Snbnd§m\pÅ Xocpam\w Adnbn¡póXn\p ap¼pXsó bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pambpw {_n«sâ `cW t\XrXzhpambpw XpSÀóphó _nkn\Êv ASn¯dIÄ XpScpóXpXsóbmWv C³Uy³ km¼¯nI cwK¯n\v \ñsXóv cLp dmw A`n{]mbs¸«ncpóp.  AXmbXv {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n Imsatdm¬ ]n´pWbv¡pó C³ ]£s¯ XpWbv¡Ww Fó ktµiamWv cLp dmw bpsIbnse C³Uy³ hwiPÀ¡v \ðInbXv. CXnt\mSpÅ tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ hntbmPn¸pIqSnbmtWm dmansâ Itkc sXdn¸n¨sXó kwibhpw iàambn Dbcpóp. cLp dmw Hcp tIm¬{KÊv Dev]óambncpsó¦nepw _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ XpS¡wapXð dmansâ \b§sf A\pIqen¨pw {]iwkn¨pamWv aptóm«p\o§nbsXóXpw cm{ãob Imcy§sf¡mtfsd asäs´ms¡tbm NcSphenIÄ dmansâ XcwXmgv¯en\p ]nónepsïópw kwibnt¡ïnbncn¡póp. AsX´mbmepw s{_IvkntämsS ]uïpaqeyw Ip¯s\ CSnbpsaópw C³Uy³ cq]aqeyw IpXn¨pIbdpsaópw IcpXnbhÀ¡pÅ I\¯ Xncn¨Sn IqSnbmbn hn]Wnbnse Ct¸mgs¯ Nmôm«§Ä. Cóse \Só hn]W\¯nð tUmfdns\Xnsc 67.47 hscbmbn C³Uy³ cq]aqeyw HcpL«¯nð CSnªncpóp. {_n«ojv ]uïmIs« 98.95 se¯n \qdnte¡v IpXn¡póp. 2012 \ptijw CXmZyambmWv C³Uy³ cq]bpsS C{Xbpw henb XIÀ¨. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nóv hn«pt]mImsXXsó {_n«\v C³UybpambpÅ hym]mc CS]mSpIÄ hÀ²n¸n¡phm³ Ignbpsaóv {][m\a{´n tUhnUv ImsatdmWpw Cóse {]Jym]n¨p. {_n«ojv sXmgnð a{´nbpw C³Uy³ hwiPbpamb {]oXn ]t«ens\ {]Xntcm[n¡m\mWv Imsatdm¬ Cu A`n{]mb{]IS\w \S¯nbXv. {_n«³ kzX{´amIpIbmsW¦nð bqtdm]y³ cmPy§sf¡mtfsd C³Uysb IqSpXð B{ibnt¡ïn hcnIbpw Xòqew C³UybpambpÅ ]c¼cKX hmWnPy hyhkmb§fnð h³ ]ptcmKXn ssIhcpIbpw sN¿psaóv {]oXn ]s«ð ]dªncpóp. AXn\mð¯só s{_Ivknäv \S¸nembmepw C³Uy³ cq]bpambpÅ ]uïnsâ hn\nab aqey¯n\v henb amä§sfmópw kw`hn¡nsñómWv km¼¯nI hnZKv²cpsS s]mXpthbpÅ hnebncp¯ð. Xmð¡menIambn sNdnb Nmôm«§Ä kw`hn¨mepw cq]bpambpÅ hn\nab¯nð ]uïpaqeyw \qdn\Sp¯pXsó \nesImÅpsaópw IW¡m¡s¸Spóp. AtXkabw tUmfdpambpw kznkv {^m¦pamsbms¡ GXmïv cïphÀjt¯mfw {_n«ojv ]uïv hn\nab aqeyw CSnªpXsó \ntó¡psaómWv IW¡pIq«ð. Fómð bqtdmbpsS Imcy¯nð bmsXmcp Dd¸pw ]dbm\mInñ. ImcWw {_n«³ hn«phcpótXmsS bqtdm]y³ bqWnbsâ \ne\nð]pXsó I\¯ {]XnkÔnbnemIpw FóXpXsó ImcWw.  {_n«\pw PÀ½\nbpw {^m³kpw Cäenbpsams¡bmWv bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse iàamb cmPy§Ä. CXnð¯só {_n«\pw PÀ½\nbv¡pw am{XamWv kao] hÀj§fnð henb km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXn ssIhcnbv¡phm³ Ignªn«pÅXpw. CÉmanI A`bmÀYn {]hmlw DbÀ¯nb km¼¯nI þ kmwkvImcnI {]XnkÔn Ct¸mÄ PÀ½\nsb iàambn hebv¡pIbpw sN¿póp. CsXms¡aqew {_n«³ hn«pt]mbmð A[nIwsshImsX No«psIm«mcw t]mse bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pw XIcpsaópXsóbmWv cm{ãob \nco£IcpsS s]mXpthbpÅ hnebncp¯ð.  

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