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BP SPecial Stories

AtacnbpsS Ncn{Xnse BZy Idp hwimc\mb {]knUv kz]v\w kmmXvcnv ]Snbndpp, sʳ lyp̳ FgpXpq

P\phcn 20þ\v sUm\mÄ Uv{Sw]v Atacn¡bpsS {]knUâmbn kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctað¡pIbmWv. F«p hÀjs¯ H_ma `cW¯n\v XncÈoe hogpIbpw H_ma bpKw Ignªv {Sw]v bpKw XpS§pIbpamWv. Fóncpómepw H_ma Atacn¡bpsS Ncn{X¯n\v ]pXnb A²ymbw FgpXnb alXvhyànbmWv. Atacn¡bpsS Ncn{X¯nse BZy Idp¯ hwi¡mc\mb {]knUâv Fóv Fópw P\w At±ls¯ HmÀ¡pIbpw ]Tn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. 2009 P\phcn 20 \v kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv At±lw A[nImcw GsäSp¡pt¼mÄ Atacn¡³ sFIy\mSpIfnð hÀ®hnthN\¯nsâ tIm«IÄ XIÀs¯dnbp IbmWpïmbXv. Atacn¡bnð \Só knhnð ssdäv aq hvsaâv kac§fpsS ]qÀ® ^ew FópthWw H_mabpsS {]knUâv ]Zhnsb hnebncpt¯ïXv. B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ P\X kz]v\w ImWm³ t]mepw aSn¨ncpó Hcp Ime apïmbncpóp. B Imes¯ amänadn¨v A[nImcw A½m\amSm³ H_mabnð¡qSn I gnªpsbóXv B P\XbpsS hnPbamWv. AhcpsS t]mcm«¯nsâ hnPbw IqSnbmWv. ASnaIfmbn sImïphó Hcp P\Xbnð \nóv HcmÄ A[nImc¯nsâ AXypóX ]Zhn Ibdnbt¸mÄ AXn\p hgnsbmcp¡nbhÀ [mcmfambncpóp. AXn\v AhÀ¡v Poh³ Xsó tlman t¡ïnhóp. AXn\mbn AhÀ¡v \nch[n t]mcm«§Ä \St¯ïnhóp. tXm«§fn epw IrjnbnS§fnepw ]Ie ´ntbmfw ]WnsbSp¸n¨v hn i¸S¡m³t]mepw Blmcw \ðImsX arK§Ä¡v Xpey ambn IcpXnb apXemfnXzhÀ ¤¯n\p ap³]nð Poh³ \n e\nÀ¯m³ Blmc¯n\p thïn t]mcmSnbXmbncpóp AhcpsS BZy kact]mcm «w.       AXn\ptijw Ah À X§fpsS AhImit_m [hmòmcmbn AXn\pÅ t]m cm«w \S¯n. B t]mcm«w càs¨mcn¨nepw AXn{IqcXbpw krjvSn¨p. A[nImchÀ¤w AXv ASn¨aÀ¯m³ {ian¨t¸mgmbncpóp AXnð càs¨mcn¨nepïm¡nbsXóv Ncn{Xw km£n¡póp. Fómð F{_lmw en¦¬ Fó a\pjykvt\lnbmb hyàn Atacn¡bpsS {]knUâmbn hótXmsS B AhImi kac¯n\v Hcp hgn¯ncnhpïmbn sbópXsó ]dbmw. ASnaXz hyhØnXns¡Xnsc t]mcmSnb en¦¬ sk\änð sImïphó BântÉhdn tIm¬Ìnäyqj³ Aaâvsaâv 1864 G{]nð 8\v ]mÊmbn sNóXv ASnaXz hyhØnXns¡XnscbpÅ BZy t]mcm« hnPbambn. Fómð lukv Hm^v d{]sktâäohnð AXv ]mÊm¡nbXv 1865 P\phcn 31 \mbncpóp. C{Xtbsd ImeXmaÊw hcm³ ImcWw F{_lmw en¦\v iàamb FXnÀ¸v ]e `mK¯p\nópapïmbnsbóXmWv. AXns\ XpSÀóv B\p]mXnIambn ]e kwØm\§fnepw B{^n ¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯n\v tIm¬{KÊnð {]mXn\n[yw In«n¯pS§n. 41þmas¯ bpw 42þmas¯bpw tIm¬{KÊnð B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ BfpIsf {]Xn\n[nIfmbn XncsªSp¯Xv AXns\ XpSÀómbncpóp. sk\äÀamcmbn F¨v. BÀ. dmhð anÊkn¸nbnð \nópw _ôan³ Sn. sSÀWÀ Ae_mabnð \nópw XncsªSp¯p. lukv Hm^v d{]sktâäohn te¡v tPmjyhmÀUv ^vtfmdnUbnð \nópw, tPmk^v sdbv\n ku¯v Imcen\bnð \nópw sPt^gvk¬ temKv tPmÀÖnbmbnð \nópw XncsªSp¯p. ChcmWv Atacn¡bnse Idp¯ hwiPcmb sk\äÀamcpw tIm¬{Kkvam ³amcpw. sk\änepw lukv Hm^v d{]sktâäohnepw {]tXyI t»m¡mbn«mbncpóp BZysa¦nepw AXv ]nóoSv amän aäwK§Äs¡m¸ancn¡m³ kv]o¡À \nÀt±iw \ðInbtXmsS XpeyXbv¡v XpS¡ambn. XpeyXsbó XpS¡w AXmsWóp Xsó ]dbmw. CXv ]e aptóä§Ä¡pw XpS¡ambn. AXn\ptijw 1896 apXð 1954 hsc \Só B {^n¡³ Atacn¡³ knhnð ssdäv aqhvsaâv ]e Ah Imi§fpw t\SnsbSp¡m³ klmbn¨p FópXsó ]dbmw. AXn\p t\XrXzw \ð InbhÀ \nch[nt]cmbncpóp. Ahcnð ap³]nð \nð¡póhcmsaóXn\v Hcp D ¯ctabpÅp tUm. amÀ«n³ eqYÀInwMv. B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯nsâ c£ I\mbncpóp KmÔnPnbpsS Bcm[I\mb tUm. InwMv. KmÔnPnsbt¸mse AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡m\pÅ kac§sf Hón¸n¡pIbpw kmbp[kacam¡n amäpIbpw sNbvXpsbóXv FSp¯p ]dbmhpóXmWv. hnZym`ymk kaXzhpw sXmgnð kaXzhpw CXnð¡qSn t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignªp. F¦nepw thm«hImiw t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignªnñ. 1965þð skðabnð \nóv tamïvtKmadnbnte¡v tUm. Inw§nsâ t\XrXz¯nð \bn¨ amÀ¨n\ptijw {]knUâv en³U³ _n. tPm¬ k¬ thm«hImiw \ðImsatóäp. 1965þð thm«nwKv ssd äv BIvSnð {]knUâv H¸p h¨p. \nbaw hópsh¦nepw cïp amk¯n\ptijamWv AXv \S¸m¡nbXv. Cóv Fñm taJebnepw XpeyX B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯n\v DsïóXv Cu kac t]mcm«§fpsS ^eamWv. hmKvZm\ambn e`n¨ `qanbnð A[nImc¯nsâ AXypóX§fnð Xsâ kaqlw F¯psaóv At±lw kz]v\w Iïncpóp. B kz]v\ambncpóp At±lw \S¯nb Ncn{X {]kn²amb {]kwK¯nð¡qSn ]dªXv. F\ns¡mcp kz]v\apïv Fóv At±lw XpS§nb B {]kwK¯nsâ ^e{]m]vXn ]XnämïpIÄ¡ptijw H _mabnð¡qSn ssIhóp. 39þmas¯ hbÊnð sSóÊnbnepÅ sa³^knse am³ U³ sSw_nfnð h¨v At±ls¯ shSnh¨v sImes¸Sp ¯pIbpïmbn. {^UdnIv U¥kv, amð¡w FIvkv amUw Pn. hmÄ¡À, tdmkm ]mÀ¡v XpS§nbhcpw hnhn[ Ime L«¯nð AhImi kac t]mcm«w \S¯nbn«pïv. hnZym`ymk¯nð¡qSn kaqlw DbcWsapw AhImis¯ ¡pdn¨v t_m[hmòmcmIW sapambncpp U¥Ênsâ Bibw. kmbp[ kacañ Bbp[ kacamWv \St¯ ïsXmbncpp amð¡w FIvknsâ Bibw. 1965 s^{_phcn 21\v sImñs¸SpXphsc At±lw B coXnbnepÅ kacambncpp \bn¨ncpXv. amUw Pnhm¡À hyhkmb {]apJ kaql¯nse kv{XokaXz¯n\p thïnbmbncpp t]mcmSnbXv. cmPy¯pS\ofw kôcn¨v B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯nse kv{XoIsf hnZym`ymkw t\SnsbSp¡pXn s\¡pdn¨pw AhImi§Ä t\SnsbSp¡pXns\¡pdn¨pw t_m[hð¡cWw \S¯n. B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯nse BZy aneyWdmbncpp amUw Pn. hm¡À. tdmk ]mÀ¡dpsS _kv t_mbvt¡m«v FSp¯p ]dtbïXnñtñm. AhcpsS kac¯nð¡qSn _Ênepw s{Sbn\nepw Xpeyamb bm{X sN¿m³ Ignªp. C§s\ At\Iw t]cpsS kac t]mcm«§fpw kz]v\km£mXv¡mchpamWv AhImi§fpw kaXzhpw A[nImchpw B{^n¡³ Atacn¡³ kaql¯n \pïmbXv. AXnsâ ]qÀ¯o IcWambncpp H_masb {]knUâmbn XncsªSp¯v At±l¯nð¡qSn Hcp P\XbpsS kz]v\w km£mXv¡cn¨p. F«p hÀjs¯ `cW ¯n\ptijw At±lw ]Snbn d§n¡gnªp.

lrZbsamcpmw {InkvXpakv km\ambv, an\n tPmk FgpXpq

hoïpsamcp {InkvXpaÊv Imew BKXamIpt¼mÄ Xncp¸ndhnbpsS ktµiw \ap¡nhnsS ]¦phbv¡mw. Unkw_À amkw XpS§pt¼mÄXsó aªWnª {]`mX§Ä Ipfncp]IÀópsImïmIpw \½sf hnfn¨pWÀ¯pI. hn®nse XmcIÄ aónð hóXpt]mse an¡ hoSpIfnepw \£{Xhnf¡pIÄ I¬¨n½pw. AXpt]mse Xsó hn®nepw XmcIÄ ]q¯nd§pw. \£{X§Ä shfn¨¯n³sd {]XoI§Ä BIpóXpt]mse \½fnð F{Xt]À¡v Cóv shfn¨¯n³sd km£nIfmIm³ Ignbmdpïv. temI¯n³sd AÔImcw \o¡m³ ssZhw X³sdtbIPmXs\ `qanbnte¡b¨p. FfnabpsSbpw Zmcn{Zy¯n³sdbpw {]XoIambn Imens¯mgp¯nð hóp]ndóp. {]Imiw temI¯nte¡v hón«pw a\pjy³ AÔImcs¯bmWv IqSpXð kvt\ln¨Xv ImcWw a\pjy³sd {]hÀ¯nIÄ apgph³ Xnò\ndªXmbncpóp Aópanópw a\pjy³sd Xnò{]hÀ¯nIÄ {]Imis¯ shdp¡m³ ImcWambn. lrZbwsImïp ]pð¡qSv- Hcpt¡ï \½Ä ]W¯n³sd {]Xm]hpw tamSnbpw ImWn¡phm³ ]pð¡qsSmcp¡póp BtLmj§Ä¡v sImgpt¸Ipóp. kt´mjhpw kam[m\hpw \ndª {]Xo£bpsS ImeamWv {InkvXpakv. B«nSb³amÀ¡v ssZh ZqX³ {]Xyjs¸«v henb kt´mj¯n³sd kZzmÀ¯ Adnbn¡póp ZmhoZn³sd ]«W¯nð \n§Ä¡mbn Hcp c£I³ ]ndóncn¡póp. ZqXKW§Ä HcpatbmsS ssZhs¯ kvXpXn¨Xv "AXypóX§fnð ssZh¯n\p alXzw `qanbnð ssZhIr] e`n¨hÀ¡v kam[m\w "Hmtcm Ipªpw ssZh¯n³sd k½m\amWv Hmtcm Poh\pw `qanbnte¡v- ]nd¡pw ap³t] \in¸n¨p Ifbpó At\Icnópïv. AXpt]mse Xsó F{Xtbm PohnX§Ä CñmXm¡póp. ssZhw sImSp¯ k½m\§Ä \in¸n¡m³ a\pjy\v F´mWv tbmKyXbpÅXv. sh«n¸nSn¡phm\pw IpópIq«m\papÅ Hm«¯nð sImópw sImehnfn¨pw \S¡póhÀ, {]Xn_Ô§fmbn apónð hcpóXns\ Hcp aSnbpanñmsX Cñmbva sN¿pó a\pjy³sd {IqcX \ndªp\nð¡pó Hcp temI¯mWv \manóv F¯n\nð¡póXv. D®ntbip X³sd PohnXwsImïp \½sf ]Tn¸n¨Xv PohnXw at\mlcam¡n aäpÅhÀ¡v thïnt\Zn¡pIsbóXmWv. H.sl³{SnbpsS Hcp IYbnse Pn½pw sUñbpwt]mse \ap¡v Ignbptam. at\mlcamb apSn apdn¨p hnän«v Pn½n\p hm¨n³sd kv{Sn¸v hm§nhcpt¼mÄ Pnw X³sd hm¨v hnän«v sUñbpsS apSnbnð AWnbm³ at\mlcamb Hcp ¢n¸v hm§nhcpóp. AhcpsS PohnX¯nð Fsó¦nepw ad¡m³ Ignbptam B {InkvXpakv k½m\w. ]ckv]cw hn«psImSp¯psImïv- aäpÅhÀ¡v thïn PohnXw t\Zn¡phm³ \ap¡v Hmtcmcp¯À¡pw Ignbs«. {InkvXpakv BtLmj§Ä s]mSns]mSn¡pt¼mÄ \½fnð ]ecpw Adnbmdnñ ASp¯ho«nð tcmKhpw ZpcnXhpwt]dn Hcpt\cw Blmcw Ign¡m\nñm¯ ]ecpapïmIpsaópÅ Imcyw. kz´w IgnhpsImïv t\SnbXmWv k¼¯pw ]Zhnbpsañmw Fó Nn´ `cn¡pt¼mÄ aäpÅhcpsS s\m¼c§Ä ImWm³ ]et¸mgpw \½psS lrZb§Ä¡v- XpdhnbpïmImdnñ. aäpÅhÀ¡v DZm¯amb k½m\§fmbn \½Ä amdpI. XfÀóp InS¡pó Hcp A½sb X\n¨m¡n ]Wn¡p t]mbn aS§n hcpó AhcpsS aI³ ImWpóXv at\mlcambn Hcp¡nb Ah³sd sIm¨phoSv. X³sd A½¡v ]cklmbanñmsX A\§m³ ]änñ. BcmWv CsXms¡ sNbvXXv. ASp¯ho«nse sIm¨pIp«n B A½bv¡pw aI\pw \ðInb {InkvXpakv k½m\ambncpóp B Hcp¡w. Úm\nIÄ D®ntbiphns\ ImWm³ t]mbt¸mÄ hgnsXän tltdmtZkn³sd sIm«mc¯nð F¯ns¸SpIbpw cmPmhv D®nsbIpdn¨v kqjvaambn tNmZn¨dnbpIbpw IïpaS§pwhgn CXnse hcWsaóv Adnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. X{´]qÀÆw D®otimsb CñmXm¡m\pÅ Nn´bnembncpóp kq{Ximenbmb tltdmtZkv. Aóv Hcp tltdmtZkv am{Xta DïmbncpópÅp. Cós¯ AhØ AXñ Hcmbncw tltdmtZkv amcmWv Pohn¡póXv. Úm\nIÄ ]mh§fmbncpóp AhÀ cmPmhv ]dbpóXv kXysaóp IcpXn t]mb¦nepw kz]\¯nð ZqX³ ]dªX\pkcn¨v A]ISw a\Ênem¡n asämcp hgn¡v bm{Xbmbn Cópw ]mh§sf ]dªp ]än¡póhsc \aps¡ñmbnS¯pw ImWmw Cu {IkvXpakv \mfpIfnð \½Ä Bßtim[\ sN¿pI. aäpÅhÀ¡v thïn \aps¡´p sN¿m³ Ignbpw. hnióncn¡póhÀ¡v Blmcw \ðIpI, A\mYtcmtSm¸w Ae]vkabw Nnehgn¡pI, tcmKnIfmbn InS¡póhÀ¡cnInð in{iqj sN¿pI, tPmensbSp¡m³ IgnbmsX hnjan¡póhsc klmbn¡pI aZy¯nepw aäp ZpÈoe§fnepw kt´mjw Isï¯n \S¡pó ]ecpapïmImw. AhÀ IpSpw_t¯msSm¸w Hóv Nnehgn¡m³ {ian¨p t\m¡p. \½psS PohnXw a¡Ä¡pw aäpÅhÀ¡pw \sñmcp amXrIbmIm³ Ignbs« A§s\ sIm¨p sIm¨p k½m\§fmbn \ap¡v aäpÅhÀ¡cnInse¯mw. an\n tPm¬k¬

aebmf\mSv Adp]Xns \ndhn\nptm,

aebmf\mSv Adp]Xnsâ \ndhnð\nð¡pt¼mÄ,"amdpó aebmfn" Fó hnjbw hfsc Kuch]qÀhw NÀ¨sN¿m³ {]kànbpÅXmWv. Ime¯nsâaptóm«pÅ {]bmW¯nð, temIsa¼mSpw imkv{Xkms¦XnI cwK¯pïmb hfÀ¨bpsSbpw, t¥m_ssetkjsâbpw sams¡ `mKambpïmb amä§Ä AsX coXnbnðXsó aebmfnbnepw Dïmbncn¡póp FóXmWv hkvXpX. ]s£ AXnsâ ]cnWnX^e§Ä ]cntim[n¨mð KpWtZmj k½n{iamWv FóXmWv bmYmÀYyw "klykm\p{ipXn tNÀ¯psh¨ aWnhoWbmsWsâ tIcfw " Fó hcnIÄ "hr²kZ\§Ä \nc\ncbmbn \nð¡W ]pWy`qan tIcfw " Fóv amän]mtSï AhØbnemWv. ]gbIq«pIpSpw_ hyhØbnð\nópw AWpIpSpw_¯nte¡pÅ ]cnWmahpw,AXnð \nópw Ah\h\nte¡v Xsó aebmfnNpcp§póXnsâbpw ]cnWnX^eamWv Zn\w{]Xn tIcf¯nð At§mfant§mfw hÀ²n¨phcpó hr²kZ\§fpw,tUsIbÀ skâdpIfpw.... hr²aµnc§fnse PmeIhmXneneqsS {]nbs¸«hsc tXSn AIe§fnte¡v angn\«ncn¡pó htbmP\§fpsS I®nð\nóSÀóp hogpó XpÅnIfmWv amdpóaebmfnbpsS an\p§pó apJ¯nt\ð¡pó BZys¯ Idp¯]mSv ! Ct¸mÄ Hcp ]m«p HmÀ½bnð F¯póp asämcp koXsb Im«nte¡bbv¡póp.......Fó ]m«v. aebmf¡cbpsS apJ{iobmbn \nóncpó hbteeIÄ tIm¬{Ioäv ImSpIfmbn cq]m´cs]«t¸mÄ amdnadnªXv aebmfnbpsS ImÀjnIkwkvImcw IqSnbmWv...... A½n¡ñpw,Dcepw,Nnchbpsams¡ aebmfnbpsS ASp¡f]pd§fnð \nópw A{]Xy£ambt¸mÄ cq]m´cs]«Xv cq]w sI« s]¬tIme§fpw ]p¯³ `£WkwkvImcw IqSnbmWv. hgnbcnInse Zo]me\vIIrXamb ^mÌv^pUv X«I§fnse cpNns]cpabnte¡v aebmfnIpXn¨p]mbpt¼mÄ,£Wn¨phcp¯pó ]p¯³Xeapd tcmK§sf ImWmsXt]mIpóp. ]gwIªnbpsS kzmZpw ]p«pw ]bdpw ]¸Shpw Hs¡ A\yamIpó Imew hnZqcañ. \½Ä ]mSpw ]ps«hnsS a¡sf ]gsahnsS a¡sf Fóv...ImcWw ]gw Ct¸mÄ Xangsâ DZmcXbmsWtñm. sÉbnäpw, s]³knepw, shäajnbpambn Adnhnsâ BZym£c§Ä \pIÀó t]mbIme¯nð \nópw \½psS sXcphpIfnð CeIvädn¡v t]mÌpIsf¡mÄ IqSpXð kzImcyhnZym`ymkØm]\§Ä \ncót¸mÄ. \ãambXv aebmfnbpsShnZym`ymk kwkvImcw IqSnbmWv. Imt¡ Imt¡ IqsShnsS ]mSnb IpcpópIÄ Szn¦nÄ Szn¦nÄ enänð ÌmÀ ]mSn UmUv amw hnfn¨p jnäv ASn¡póp. Hmtcm A¡mZanIhÀj¯nepw Hmtcm F³Pn\nbdnMv tImtfPpIfnð \nópw saUn¡ðtImtfPpIfnð \nópw ASsh¨v hncnªp ]pd¯phcpó e£IW¡n\v ]pXpXeapd,amdnb hnZym`ymkkwkvImc¯nsâ _m¡n]{XamWv AhÀ tUmÎÀamcmbn Hm¸tdj³ NbvXp I¯n AI¯p sh¨v Ip¯ns¡«póp. {]kh cwKw jq«v NbvXp bqSyq_nð CSpóp. AhÀ ]Wnbpó tdmUpIÄ sI«nS§Ä No«p sIm«mc§Ä Bbn \new s]m¯póp. \½psS \mSnsâ kmwkv-ImcnI ss]XrI¯nsâ, Iq«mbvabpsS, atXXcXz¯nsâ {]XoI§fmbn \nesImïncpó hmb\imeIÄ, \mSIIfcnIÄ, \m«pIq«§Ä,{KmtamÕh§Ä Chsbms¡ Cós¯ aebmfn¡v A\yambt¸mÄ ]Icw tNt¡dnbXv, ag\r¯§fpw, Npw_\kac§fpw, \£{XhmWn`imeIfpw, a\Ênð \ndsªmgpIpó hÀKob A\yaXhntZzj§fpamWv. Cu ]p¯³km¦vsIXnI hnZyIfpsS ]pjvIeIme¯pw aebmfnbnð A´hnizmk§fpsS amdmesI«pIÄ amdmsX \nð¡póp FóXv {it²bamWv. "D®n\SnamÀ" sI«nsbmcp§n hew]ncni¦vambn \½psS kzoIcWapdnIfnð I¨hS¯n\v hcpóXv,aebmfnbpsS Cu ZuÀ_eyw apXseSp¡m³ XsóbmWv.. k¨ns\ Adnbm¯ adnbjdt¸mhsb aebmf¯nð sXdnhnfn¨p aebmfw ]Tn¸n¨pw, ]mInkvXmsâ HutZymKnI sskäpIÄ lm¡v sNbvXpw, tkmjyðaoUnbbnð aebmfn X§fpsS thjw XIÀ¯mSpIbpw, Icp¯v sXfnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXpsImtïbncn¡póp. aªtemlt¯mSpÅ aebmfn alnfmaWnamcpsS {`a¯n\v CSnshmópw Dïmbn«nñ FóXmWv asämcp {it²bamb hkvXpX,sshIptóc§fnð kzoIcWapdnbnse _nKv-kv{Io\nð kôcn¡pó Pphedntjm¸ns\ A\pkvacn¸nIpwhn[w kocnbð\SnamÀ thjwtI«pt¼mÄ, \½psS ho«½amÀ AXvIïv IqsS Icªpw , ap¡p]ngnªpw AhtcmSp A\p`mhw {]ISn¸n¡póXv Cópw XpScpóp. kz´w hoSnsâ ]d¼nse sX§n\v XSsaSp¡phm³ Bßm`nam\w A\phZn¡m¯ AsX aebmfnXsó KÄ^nð Cu´¸\bnð Ibdphm³ e£§Ä GPân\p sImSp¡phm\pw X¿mdmIpóp, ("]me hn«mð Xm³ shdpw Iqen" Fóv ]dbpó Xòm{Xbnte PKXnsb HmÀ¯pt]mIpóp) aebmfnbnð hfÀóphcpó Cu " sshävtImfÀ" kwkvImc¯nsâ _m¡n]{XamWv- "_wKmfnIÄ " Fóv s]mXphmbnhnfn¡pó A\y`mjsXmgnemfnIfpsS ISópIbäw. aebmf¯\nabpsS t\Àcq]§fmWtñm IYIfnbpw,XrÈqÀ]qchpw, ]póaSImbense hÅwIfnbpsams¡ Xsó. Ip«\m«nse IcpamSn¡p«³amcpsS Icp¯nsâ {]XoIamb s\lv-dpt{Sm^nbnð aWn¸pcnð \nópÅhÀ Xpgªp shóns¡mSn ]mdn¡pó Imgv¨bpw Cu hcvjw \½Ä Iïp. hcpw \mfpIfnð XriqÀ]qc¯n\v _olmdnbpsS Ceªn¯dtafhpw, cmPØm\nbpsS ]penIfnbpw,IYIfnbnð ]¨thjamSpó _wKmfntbw Iïp \nÀhrXnbSsbïnhcpw aebmfn¡v. CsXms¡bmsWepw NneImcy§fnð Hcp A\ykwØm\¡mc\pw R§Ä aebmfnIsf tXmð¸n¡m³ BInñ,hfÀóphcpó Hcp sS¡vt\mfPn¡pw R§fpsS Nnekz`mh§fnð amäwhcp¯m³ Ignbnñ,AXnsemómWv aebmfnbpsS aZy]m\w, aZywhm§m\pw,AXv ]¦vInSphm\pw aebmfnIm«pó sFIyhpw£abpw hfsc {]ikvXamWtñm,KÄ^v \m«nð\nópÅ bm{X¡nSbnð BImis\uIbnð t]mepw hmfv sh¨v aebmfnkv IÀ½tijn sXfnbn¡póp hnjen]vXamb s]cnbmdpw,hänInS¡pó \nfbpw,Xcniv hoW Ip«\mS³ ]mStiJc§fpw, NqjW¯n\v hnt[bamIpó ImSnsâ a¡fpw, skIvkvam^nbbpw, AhbhI¨hShpw, hnf¸nðimebpw,sXcphv\mbbpw, kmapZmbnI {[phoIcWhpaS¡w amdpóaebmfnbpsS apJ¯p sXfnªpImWpó Idp¯]mSpIÄ Hcp]mSv Hcp]mSv _m¡n

D]tZinbmb {][m\-a{n Adnbm Nne kXy, {]apJ {]hmkn cm{ob \ncoI sk lyp̬ FgpXpq

C´ybnð t\m«pÅhÀ t\m«¸pÅnIfpw, t\m«nñmhÀ s\t«mShptamSpIbmWv. t\m«v In«m³ Hcp Iq«À HmSpt¼mÄ t\m«padbv-¡m\mWv asämcp Iq«cpsS Hm«w. CXn\nSbnð InSóv P\w s\t«m«tamSpIbmWv. P\w C{Xtbsd HmSnb Hcp kab-apïmbn«ptïmsbóp tNZn¨mð tamZn `àcpÄs¸sSbpÅhÀ ]dbpw Cñmsbóv. Imin\p Imip thWw AXnñmsX bmsXmópw \S¡m¯ Ime¯mWv DÅ Imiv Akm[phmbm epÅ AhØ. ]pd¯pt]mbmð Hcp Nmb IpSn-¡Wsa¦nðt¸mepw IminñmsX Imcyw \S¡m¯ cmPyam-Wv C´y. CXdnbm¯ Hcm-tfbpÅp C´ybnð AXv \½psS {][m\a{´n \tc{µtam-Zn Xsó. At±lw GXv temI¯mWv Pohn¡pósX-óv Ct¸mgpÅ kwibw. Xm³ sNbvX aï¯cw ad¨p]nSn¨v AXn\p ]cnlmcsaó coXnbnð Nne D]tZi§Ä \ðIpóXmWv C§s\sbmcp kwibw DïmbXv. Øncambn hntZibm{X sN¿póXp sImïv C´ybnse P\§fpsS Imcy§Ä Adnbm¯ XpsImïmImw. thsdmcp coXnbnð ]dªmð CSbvs¡ms¡ am{Xw C´ybnð hópt]mIpóXp sImïv C´ybpw C´y¡mcpw BcmsWóp tamZn¡dnbm³ Ignbpónñm-bncn¡mw. C´ybnse P\§fpsS coXn F´msWóv Adn-bpónñmbncn¡pw. GsX¦nepsamcp hntZicmPy¯v t]mbn«v Xncn¨v C´ybnse¯nbmð At±lw BZyw sN¿póXv P\t¯mSp]tZin¡emWv. D]tZin¨v D]tZin¨v tamZn D]tZin am{Xambnsbóv tXmónt¸mIpópïv ]et¸mgpw. D]tZinsbóp ]dªmð D]tZiw am{XsabpÅp `cWw CñmsbóÀ°w. H¸-apÅhcpsS D]tZiw tI«mtWm C§s\sbóv kwibanñmsXbnñ. F´mbmepw `c-Ww \S¡pónsñ¦nepw D]tZiw ap dbv¡v \S¡pópïv. AXnð Gähpw ]pXnb DtZiamWv t\m«p\ntcm[\¯n\ptijw \S¯nb Hcp D]tZiw. t\m«p \ntcm[\s¯ XpSÀóv P\§fpsS ssI¿nse ]Wsañmw XoÀóv AhÀ¡v Nnehm¡m³ ]WanñmsX \«w Xncnbpt¼m gmWv tamZn Hcp D{K³ D]tZihpambn {]Xy£s¸SpóXv. kwLw tNÀóv km[\§Ä hm§pI, kuP\y `£Ww e`n¡pó tlm«epIfnð \nópw Blmcw Ign¡pI, hnhml¯n\v £Wn¡s¸« AXnYnIÄ¡v Nmb \ðIpI XpS§nbhbmbncpóp B D]tZiw.  CXv tamZnbp-sS A`n{]mbamtWm ]{X-§Ä AhcptSXmb `mjbnð hym Jym\n¨v FgpXnbXmtWm Fóv Adnbnñ. kwLw tNÀóv km[\§Ä hm§m³ t]mIpI. kz´w Imcyw aäpÅhsc s¡mïv sN¿n¡m³ t\m¡p ó C´y¡mcpsS A-Sp¯mWv tamZn CXv D]tZin¡póXv. \mept]cpIqSn Nmb IpSnbv¡m³ ISbnð Ibdnbmð AXnsâ ]Ww aäpÅhsc s¡mïv sImSp¸n¡m³ aÕcn¡póhcmWv \½Ä C´y¡mÀ. AXymhiy¯n\v ISp Iv hm§n¡Wsa¦nð thd cïp aqópt]sc¡qSn Iq«Wsaóv Npcp¡w. kuP-\y `£Ww e`n¡pó tlm-«epIfnð \nópw Blmcw Ign ¡Wsaóv asämcp]tZiw. A§s\ GsX¦nepsamcp tlm«epIfpsï¦nð AXv kÀ¡mÀ {]kn²oIcn¡póXmWv \ñXv. sImñ¯pt]mIpó Hcp hyàn Ahn-sS C¯c¯nsemcp tlm«enñ Ign¡ms\¦nð FdWmIpf ¯pÅ kuP\y tlm«enð t]mbn Ign¡Wsaóv ]dbpt¼mÄ AXns\ F§s\ hniZoIcn¡Wsaódnbnñ. kÀ¡mÀ kuP\yw ]äpó kÀ¡mÀ Nnehnð kô-cn¡pó tamZn¡v AXp ]äpam-bncn¡pw. ]s£ ]mhs¸«hcmb P\¯n\v AsX§s\ km[n¡pw. C\nbpw A§s\sbm cp tlm«epsï¦nð A-Xv A[nIImew {]hÀ¯n¡nñ. Cu P\sañmw AhnsS-bmbncn¡pw. C§s\ D]-tZi§fpw aäpambn tamZn Ac-§v XIÀ¡pIbmWv. D]tZiw am{XsabpÅpsbóXmWv bmYmÀ°yw. Fómð At±lw Cu ASp¯Ime¯v cïv \nÀt±i§Ä P\§tfmSmbn ]dbpIbpïmbn. s{IUnäv ImÀUv D]tbmKn¡pIsbóXmWv AXnsemóv. \ñ Bibw X só hnIknXcmPy§fnð AXv ]qÀ®ambn hópIgnªp. Imiv amdn ImÀUv Bibt¯mSv ]qÀ®ambn tbm-Pn¡póp. ]s£ Hcp kwi-bw CXv Hcp cm{XnsImïv Hcp D¯chnð F§s\ \S¸m¡pw. s{IUnäv ImÀUv Fóv tI«n«p t]mepanñm¯ Hcp \ñ iXam\w P\§fpÅ \m«nð AXv F´msWóv a\-Ênem¡n sImSp¡m³ BZyw {iaw DïmIWw. k¼qÀ® km£cX \S¯n \½psS C´ysb km£cXm C´ybm¡m³ {ian¨v ]cmPbs¸«Xpt]msebmIcpXv. s{IUnävImÀUpw UnPnäð C´ybpw kz]v\w Im-WpóhÀ Hcp Imcyw Nn´n¡póXv \ñXv. {]mYanI IrXyw \nÀÆln¡m³ kuIcyanñm¯ hcmWv C´y³ P\kw-Jybnse ]IpXntbmfw hcpóhÀ. AXmbXv A³]Xv i-Xam\t¯mfw t]À¡v I¡q-kv CñmsbóXmWv C´ybnse Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXn. D®m\pw DSp¡m\p anñm¯ P\XbmWv C´ybnð. AXnsâ ]IpXn Ccp] Xv iXam\t¯mfw Zmcn{ZytcJbv¡v XmsgbmWv. tamZn kz]v\w ImWpó UnPn-äð C´y B C´ybnð Fñm P\§fpw s{IUnäv ImÀUv D] tbmKn¡Wsaóv C´ybpsS {][m\a{´nbmb tamZn ]dbpt¼mÄ s]t{SmfSn¡m³ Iminñ Fómepw ISw hm§n Imdphm§Wsaóv ]dbp t¼msebmWv. Idânñ ]s£ Gknbpw Snhnbpw Fñmapïv AXmWv \½p-sS C´y. s{IUnäv ImÀtUm aäv kuIcy§tfm D]tbmKn¡s«. `cWm[nImcnsb-ó \nebnð Fñm P\§fnepw s{IUnäv ImÀUv F¯n¡póXn\p ap³]v tað]dªXn s\mcp ]cnlmcw Isï¯Ww. ]WapÅh\v A¯c ¯nepÅ kwhn[m\w D]tbmKn¡m³ C´ybnð kwhn[m\apïv. tamZn ]dbmsX Xsó B kwhn[m\w AhÀ D]tbmKn¡pw. ]«nWn ]mh¯nsâ ssI¿nð s{IUnäv ImÀUv In«nbmð Ipc§sâ ssI¿nð s]mXnbmtX-§ In«nbXpt]msetbm, ]qam-e In«nbXpt]msetbm B-bncn¡pw. AXv s]mfnbv¡m³ IgnbmsX Xdbnð X«n¡-fn¡pItbm, ]n¨n¨o´n Ifnbv¡p Itbm BIpw sN¿pI. kmbn¸ns\ A\pIcn¡mw, AhcpsS \m«nset¸mse Fñm kwhn[m\hpw C´ybnð \S¸m¡mw AXv kzmK-XmÀlhpw kt´mjhpw A`nam\hpapÅXmWv. AXn\p ap³]v \aps¡´mWv AXymh-iysaóv Nn´n¡Ww. {]tXyIn¨v `cWm[nImcnIÄ. kzÀ®w ssIhiw hbv¡póXn\pÅ \nb{´Ww tamZn sImïphcpópsb ódnªXnð tamZnsb A`n\µn¡póp. hnhmlnXcmb kv{XoIÄ¡v 62.5 ]h\pw AhnhmlnXcmbhÀ¡v 31.5 ]h³ kzÀ®hpw ssIhiw hbv ¡msaómWv B \nb{´Ww. AXv kzmKXmÀlamsW¦n epw AXv F{XIïv ^-eapïmIpsaóv kwibamWv. A§s\sbmcp \nbaw sImïp hóv AXv iàambn \S¸m¡nbmð AXv C´ybnð kzÀ®hn¹hw Xsó krjSn¡pw. hm§m³ IminñmsX PzñdnbpsS ap³]nð t]mbn \nÀhrXnbSbpó ]mh§Ä tamZn¡pthïn {]mÀ°n¡pw. icocw apgph³ kzÀ®an«v ]mh§fpsS ap³]nð¡qSn tLmjbm{Xbnð F-gpsóÅn t]mIpó B\Isft¸mse t]mIpó sIm¨½amsc Iïv Akqbs¸SpóXn-s\mcdpXn hcpw. CsXms¡ \ñ Xocpam\w Xsó. ]s£ AXv \S¸m¡ptamsbtóbpÅp kwibw. \S¸m¡nbmð X-só AXpw km[mcW¡mcpsS ASp t¯bpÅp. Aªqdv tImSn bnð¸cw apS¡n hnhm-l amam¦w \S¯nb Xsâ ]mÀ«nbnse t\Xmhns\tbm Xm³ Gähpw IqSpXð hniz-kn¡pó Xsâ a{´nk`bnse AwK§sf¡mÄ hnizkn¡pó Aw_m\nbpsStbm B-Zm\nbpsStbm ASp¯v Cu \nbaw \S¸m¡ptamsbóXmWv kwibw. CXpt]mse tamZn ap³]pw ]e {]Jym]\§Ä \S¯nbn«pïv. \nIpXn sh«n ¡póhtcbpw IÅ-¸W¡mscbpw A[nImcw In«n-bmepS³ ssI¿maw shbv¡psaóv ]dªmWv A[nImc-¯ntednbXv. Fón«nt¸m \nXyhr ¯n¡mbn Aev]kzev]w sh«n¸p\S¯pó km[m-cW¡msc ]nSn¡ms\ IgnsªmÅp. tImSnIÄ \nIpXn sImSp¡msX sh«n¨p \S-¡póhÀ kztZi¯pw hntZi-¯pambn Id§n \S¡póp. Ahcnð ]ecpw tamZnbpsS kz´¡mcpw D]tZiIcpam-sWómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. Fópw Ft¸mgpa§s\bmWv \nba§Ä hcpw AXv ASnt¨ð-¸n¡póXv ]mhs¸«hsâbpw km[mcW¡mcsâbpw taemWv. Ah³ \nbaw ewLn¨mð At¸mÄ \nba¯nsâ ]Shmfpambn A[nImcnIsf¯pw. \nbas¯ A¸msS hngp§n Pohn¡pó A[nImc hÀ¤¯nsâ ASp¸¡mÀ¡v ]¨] chXm\n hncn¨psImSp¡pIbpw sN¿pw. AXv t]m-cm Bcmbmepw \nba¯n\p apónð HómsWó ØnXn-bpïmIWw. C¡mcy¯nepw AXpïmbmð AXv hnizk\obX hÀ²n¸n¡pw. {]Jym]n¨mð t]mcm Ipäaä coXnbnð {]hÀ¯n¨pw ImWn¡Ww. Hcp sXäns\ asämcp sXäpsImïv adbv¡m³ km[n¡pIbnñ. Xmev¡men Iambn AXv adbv¡-s¸«mepw AXv shfn¨¯p hcpw. At¸mÄ AXnsâ BLmXw hepXmbncn¡pw. tamZn AXv HmÀ¡póXv \óv. tamZn `àcpw.                               

temI t]meokmb AtacnbpsS aqn Xpnencpv shphnfn hnhImc

temI t]meokmb Atacn¡bpsS aq¡n³ Xp¼nencpóv shñphnfn¨.. s]mcpXnb Htcsbmcp t\Xmth temI¯pÅp. AXmWv ^nUð Imkv-t{Sm. {]mbtatdbmbn CXv Xsâ Ahkm\ {]kwKamIpsaó ASnhctbmsSbmWv Iyq_³ hn¹h \mbI³ Ignª G{]nð 19 -mw XobXn Xsâ Ahkm\ {]kwKw \S¯n-b-Xv. lhm\bnð \mep Znhkw \oïp \nó ]mÀ«n tIm¬{Kkns\ A`nkwt_m[\w sN¿pt¼mgmbncpóp I®p\oÀ ]SÀ¯nb {]kwKw. F\n¡p sXm®qdp hbkmIpóp. Xm³ acn¨mepw I½yqWnÌv ASn¯dbpw Bib§fpw Fópw \ne\nð¡pw. Iyq_ I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS Bib¯nepw ASn¯dbnepw temIcmPy§Ä¡nSbnð XebpÀ¯n ]nSn¨p Xsó \nð-¡pw, Imkv-t{Sm ]-dªp. temIcmPy§fpsS XesXm«¸³ Øm\w kzbw FSp¯Wnª Atacn¡sb InSpInSm hnd¸n¨n«pïv Imkv-t{SmbpsS Nm«pfn IWs¡bpff {]kwK§Ä. Icn¼n³ tXm«¯nse sXmgnemfnIsf kwLSn¸n¨ ]nXmhv BÀKoknsâ sXmgnemfn ]WnapS¡pIfmWv Imkv-t{Smsb hn¹h `qanbnend¡nbsXóXn\v Ncn{Xw km£n. ^nZð AeIv-kmt{ïm Imkv-t{Sm dpkv Fó ^nZð Imkv-t{Sm 1926 BKkvXv 13\mWv P\n¨Xv. Iyq_bpsS XeØm\amb lhm\bnð \nóv 800 In.an. AIsebpÅ _ndm\nse Hcp [\nI IÀjI IpSpw_¯nemWv Imkv-t{Sm P\n¨Xv. ]nXmhv kv-s]bn³Imc\mb Gôð Imkv-t{Sm. amXmhv Iyq_¡mcnbmb en\mdpkv tKm¬kmekv. Imkv-t{SmbpsS {]mYanI hnZym`ymkw kmânbmtKm sZ Iyq_bnse It¯men¡m kv-Iqfnembncpóp. lhm\bnse t_se³ kv-Iqfnð\nóp sslkv-IqÄ hnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. \nba]T\¯n\mbn 1945ð lhm\ bqWnthgv-knänbnð tNÀóp. 1950ð \nba_ncpZw IcØam¡nbXn\ptijw A`n`mjIhr¯nbnteÀs¸«p. Fómð cm{ãobt¯mSpw hn¹h{]hÀ¯\§tfmSpambncpóp Imkv-t{Sm¡v B`napJyw. 1959ð ^pÄsP³kntbm _mänÌbpsS GIm[n]Xy `cWs¯ A«nadn¨p sImïv ^nZð Iyq_sb I½yqWnÌv dn¸»n¡m¡n. temI¯v `cWImemh[nbnð HómwØm\w Ct¸mgpw ^nUð Imkv-t{Smbv¡mWv. Bdph«w Iyq_bpsS {]knUâmbn XncsªSp¡s¸«bmfmWv ^nUð Imkv-t{Sm. 1959 ^n{_hcn 16 apXð 2008 ^n{_hcn 24 hscbmbn 49 hÀjhpw F«pZnhkhpamWp Imkv-t{Sm cm{ã¯eh\mbncpóXv. Iyq_bpsS IW¡p {]Imcw 1958\pw 2000 \panSbnð 634 h«w Atacn¡ ^nUð Imkv-t{Smsb h[n¡m³ {ian¨n«pïv. Iyq_³ hn¹h¯n\ptijw 1959ð A[nImc¯nse¯nb ^nUð Imkv-t{Sm tcmK_m[nX\mbXns\¯pSÀóp 10 hÀjw ap³]v A\pP³ duÄ Imkv-t{Smsb NpaXetbð¸n¨n«mWv A[nImcsamgnªXv. Iyq_sb Hcp ]qÀ® tkmjyenÌv cmPyam¡m³ At±lw {ian¨p. Hcp I½yqWnÌv cm{ãambpÅ Iyq_bpsS hfÀ¨ XSbm\pÅ Atacn¡bpsS Fñm {ia§fpw XIÀóp sImtïbncpóp. B`y´c{]iv-\§fpw km¼¯nI D]tcm[hpw AS¡w GÀs¸Sp¯n ^nUens\ ZpÀ_e\m¡n ]pd¯m¡m\pÅ Hcp {iahpw ^ew I-ïnñ. Ahkm-\w, Imkv-t{SmbpsS t\XrXz¯nð Iyq_bnð A[nImctaä kÀ¡mcns\ bpFkv AwKoIcn¨p. 1961 ð Imkv-t{Sm, Iyq_sb amÀIvknÌv  se\n\nÌv cmPyambn {]Jym]n¨p. Iyq_bnse Atacn¡³ I¼\nIsf \ã]cnlmcw \ðIn tZikmð¡cn¨tXmsS Atacn¡bpsS I®nse IcSmbn At±lw. djybpambn kJyapïm¡nbmWv ^n-Uð  B{IaW§sfsbñmw AXnPohn¨Xv. tkmhnbäv djybpsS XIÀ¨sb XpSÀóv Atacn¡bv-s¡Xntc t]mcmSm\mbn Imkv-t{Sm ]pXnb kJy§Ä tXSn¯pS§n. temI¯mIam\w Atacn¡³ hncp² cmPy§fpsS Hcp kJyw At±lw hn`mh\w sNbvXp. s_mfohnb, Iyq_, sUma\n¡³ dn¸»nIv, CIztUmÀ XpS§nbhbpsS Hcp kJyw CXn\mbn cq]oIcn¨p. BtcmKy]camb ImcW§fmð 2006ð HutZymKnI ]ZhnIfnð \nópw HgnbpIbmbncpóp. C´ybnse hn¹h{]Øm\§sf kw_Ôn¨pw ^nUð Imkv-t{Sm Fópsamcp Bthiw XsóbmWv. kn]nFw AJnte´y P\dð sk{I«dn koXmdmw sb¨qcnbS¡apÅ t\Xm¡fpambpw Imkv-t{Smbv¡v kulrZapïmbncp-óp. km{amPyXz hncp² {]Øm\¯nsâ \mbI\mbpw a\pjy kv-t\lnbmbpw Adnbs¸«ncpó Imkv-t{Sm Xsâ {]hr¯nIfneqsSbpw cN\IfneqsS-bpw  {]kwK§fneqsSbpamWv temIP\XbpsS lrZb¯nð {]XnjvT t\SnbXv.

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