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Duz henp aebmfw - Ahkm\ `mKw-`mjbpw kmlnXyhpw - Cs hnZym`ymkw (`mKw cv )

`mjbpw kmlnXyhpw - Cós¯ hnZym`ymkw (`mKw cïv)   \ñ FcntÈcnbpw ]pfntÈcnbpw km¼mdpw In¨Snbpw Xobepw, Iq«n Ip¯cnt¨mdpïv BtcmKyhpw BbpÊpw \o«nbncpó aebmfn, sI.F^v.kn bpw Cämenb³ ]nÊbpw Atacn¡³ _ÀKdpw Xnóv ]ehn[ AÀºpZ§Ä _m[n¨v \mev]Xp hbÊn\pap¼v kn²nIqSm³ XpS§nb kaIme¯n\v BwKemSnaXzw am{XamWv ImcWw. aebmfw ]Tn¨mte AXp Xncnbq. aebmfn aebmfs¯ adótXmsS t\{´¸gs¯bpw Np« tN\sbbpw N¡¸pgp¡ns\bpw apcn§bnesbbpw shfns¨®sbbpw adóv, Cu´¸gs¯bpw ]nkvXsbbpw ]nksbbpw k¬^vehtdmbnens\bpw {]m]n¨p. F¦nepw tIcf¯nse aebmfn Cu´¸gw Xnópt¼mgpw Atd_y¡mÀ F´psImïv t\{´¸gw Xnópónñm Fó tNmZyw tNmZn¡m³ t]mepw Cu `mjm kmwkvImcnI ASnaIÄ adóp t]mbn. aebmfw NpSe ]qIpótXmsS hmgbnebnse kZybpw IqsSIqSpw. Asñ¦nse´n\v ]¯psImñw ]Tn¨ BwKe `mjbpsS kmlnXyw, '`mj' Fó apJw aqSn¡pw IhN¯n\papÅnsemfn¸n¨v ]Xns\mómas¯bpw ]{´ïmas¯bpw sImñw IqSn \½psS Ip«nIfpsS Xet¨mdnð Ip¯n\nd¡Ww? Hcp `mj ]Tn¡m³ Bdpamk¯nð IqSpXð thsïóv PÀ½\n¡mÀ¡dnbmw. ]nsó´n\v ]Xn\ôp hÀjw? ]sïms¡ Ip«nIÄ, BZyamZyw AÑ\½amÀ ]dªpsImSp¡pó IYIfntebpw, IhnXIfntebpw aäpw IYm]m{X§fneqsS aebmf kwkvImcw DÄs¡mïp. {[phsâbpw, in_nbpsSbpw IYIfneqsS XymKkwkvImchpw, cmambW¯neqsSbpw cLphwi¯neqsSbpw cmP[À½§sfbpw, imIp´f¯neqsSbpw \fNcnX¯nepsSbpw kv{Xo]pcpj_Ôk¦oÀ®XIsfbpw, ]ôX{´¯neqsS PohntXm]m[nIsfbpw, GIehy\neqsSbpw IÀ®\neqsSbpw Kpcp`ànsbbpw, DÄs¡mïncpóp. \ep hbÊphsc Ifn¨p\Sóncpó Ip«nIÄ, AômwhbÊnemWv ]Ån¡qSw IbdnbncpóXv. Aós¯ Kpcp¡òmcpw aebmfkwkvImcm`nam\nIfmbncpóp. Ip«nIsf kz´w a¡sft¸mse kvt\ln¨ncpó B hm²ymòmÀ ]mTy]²Xnbnð s]Sm¯ IYIÄ t]mepw ]dªpsImSp¯ncpóp. F{X kpµchpw kpefnXhpambncpóp Aós¯ ]mTyIhnXIÄ. "Cu hñnbnð \nóp sNt½..", "`mcXt£{X¯nse Imô\{]Zo]ta..", Fón§ns\bpÅ IhnXIÄ, {]IrXnbpsS \\p \\p¯ kuµcyt¯msSm¸w, aebmfw Fó `mjsb kvt\ln¡m\pw AXnð A`nam\n¡m\pw ]Tn¸n¨ncpóp. Aôp hbÊp hsc 'Xd' bpw ']d' bpw ']\' bpw 'Xhf' bpw ]cnNbs¸Sm¯ Ip«nIÄ, AômwXc¯nemWv (]¯p hbÊv!) Asóms¡ BwKeam²yaw thWsa¦nð 'F' Unhnj\nte¡pw, aebmf¯n\p ]Icw kwIrXw ]Tn¡Wsa¦nð '_n' Unhnj\nte¡psams¡ amdnbncpóXv. Fñmhcpw BwKew Hcp `mj Fó \ne¡v ]Tn¨ncpóp. Aômw Xc¯nemWv BwKe A£c§fpw, Imäv, dmäv, amäv Fñmw ]Tn¨p XpS§nbncpóXv. 1970-80 ImeL«§fnð t]mepw, Fóph¨mð {_n«ojv B[n]Xyw AkvXan¨v 20 sImñ§Ä¡p tijw t]mepw C{Xam{Xta DïmbncpópÅq. ]d¦nIfpw shÅ¡mcpw t]msbS¯v ]qSt]mepw CñmXmbt¸mgmWv aebmfn¡v AhtcmSpÅ `àn hÀ²n¨Xv FóXv hn[n ssh]coXyw. Cóv aebmfnIÄ aqóp hbÊpapXð (Ct¸mÄ AXv cïp hbÊpapXem¡n¯pS§n) 17 hbÊphsc hyànXz _u²nI am\knI hnImk¯nsâ lcnXhÀj§Ä aebmfw ]Tnð¡m¯ hnZym`ymkw XpScpóXv, kwkvImc¯nsâ ZptcymKw! BwKekmlnXy¯n\v AXnsâ alXzansñóñ. AXnse kmlnXyw AXnsâ kwkvImc¯nte¡v \s½ F¯n¡pw. kRvPb³ (Fw. BÀ. \mbÀ) 1935-40 ImeL«¯n\nsS FgpXnb 'tjIvkv]nbdpw ImfnZmk\pw" Fó teJ\w t\m¡pI. "ImfnZmk³ tjIvkv]nbsd¡mÄ F{Xtbm DóXamb Øm\s¯ AÀln¡pó IhnbmsWóv CcphcpsSbpw IrXnIsf Ah[m\]qÀÆw ]cntim[n¨n«pÅ GsXmcp \nÀ½ðkc\pw k½Xn¡pó hkvXpXbmWv...kwkvImchnjb¯nemWv ImfnZmk³ tjIvkv]nbÀs¡óñ temI¯nse atSXp Ihn¡pw A{]m]yamb Hcp Øm\s¯ BtcmlWw sN¿póXv." Fóp XpS§n, "sSs¼Ìpw imIp´fhpw" Fó `mK¯n§ns\ ]dbpóp. "]t£, s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ ]p{Xo hðkeyt¯mSSp¡pt¼mÄ \nebnñm¯ Hcp Ib¯nemWv At±lw F¯nt¨Àóncn¡pósXó hkvXpX tjIvkv]nbÀ¡p a\ÊnembXmbn sSs¼Ìnse At\Iw hcnIÄ hnfn¨p ]dbpópïv. Xsâ kÀÆkzhpw Zm\ambn kzoIcn¨ kz´w ]p{Xnamcmð `ÀðknX\mbn, sImSp¦mäpw agbpw sImïp `oIcamb Hcp cm{Xn kz`h\¯nð \nóp _lnjvIrX\mbn {`m´p]nSn¨p, P\iq\yamb shfn¸d¼nð¡qSn ]mªp t]mIpó 'enbÀ' cmPmhns\s¡mïv, taLKÀÖ\¯nsâ {]Xn[z\ntbm Fóp i¦ P\n¸n¡pó hm¡pIfnð, krãnIÀ¯mhns\t¸mepw iImcn¸n¡ph³ ss[cys¸« tjIvkv]nbdpsS t]\]nSn¨ ssI, hnImcItñme§Ä¡v A{]m]y\mb s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ {]im´hm¡pIsf ]IÀ¯phm³ Xp\nbpt¼mÄ CSdpóp. Ch Xsóbmbncpóp s{]mkv]otdm ]dª hm¡pIÄ Fóp cwKØòmsc hnizkn¸n¡phm³ B IhnkwdmSv t¢in¡póp…..sSs¼Ìnð sshcmKys¯ hcn¨ s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ Øm\amWv, imIp´f¯nð kÀÆkwK]cnXymKnbmb IWzópÅXv. ….."iIp´f CXm t]mIpóp" Fón§ns\ 'iIp´f' t]mIpóp, 'Fsâ aIÄ t]mIpóp' Fóñ. "AhÄ Fsâ aIfñ… a\Ênse hnNmcw Fsâ I®pIÄ¡v Hcp aqSð hcp¯nbncn¡póp. Npäpw \S¡pó Imcy§Ä Rm³ ImWpópsï¦nepw Ah a\Ênð ]Xnbv¡pónñ. F\n¡p t]mepw kvt\lw sImïp hóp tNcmhpó timNymhØ C¯camsW¦nð, KrlØm{ianIsf, a\Êns\ IogS¡nbn«nñm¯hsc, ]pXpXmbn A\p`hn¡pó ]p{Xohncl Zp:Jw GXp Xc¯nð F{X am{Xw thZ\n¸n¡pIbnñ?" kRvPb³ XpScpóp. "Xsó¡mÄ A[nIw Zp:Jn¡phm\nSbpÅhcpsS Zp:Js¯ HmÀ¯mWv IWz³ A[nIw Zp:Jn¡pósXóp ImWn¡póXmb B cïp hcnIfneqsSbmWv Rm³ \nÀt±in¨ temtIm±o]amb hnZypñX CfIn¨mSpóXv. tjIvkv]nbdpsS ]mÝmXykwkvImcamb A]_mlp _m[n¨ ssIIÄ G´n¸nSn¡phm³ hrYm {ian¡póXpw CXns\ XsóbmWv" ("kmlnXy\nIjw", amXr`qan-1988, t]Pv 70-77). F{Xkpµcambn B alm{]Xn` kmlnXyhpw kwkvImchpambpÅ _Ôw hnhcn¨p. 1903 ð P\n¨v 42 Bw hbÊnð DuÀ²z³ hen¨ Fw. BÀ \mbÀ Fó kRvPb³, km[mcW _n.G Fódnbs¸Spó {]thi _ncpZhpw, ]nóoSv \S¯s¸Spó {]thi ]co£bnð 12 ð Hcp Øm\hpw t\Snbmð am{Xw AUvanj³ In«pó 'enätd¨À HmtWgvkv' Fó ]co£¡v, 12ð Hóma\mbn sXcsªSp¡s¸SpIbpw, 1927 ð hntÎmdnb tImtfPnð \nóv Cu HmtWgvkv _ncpZw t\SpIbpw sNbvXp. {]thi aðkc ]co£bnð "Z ^§vj³ Hm^v t]mb{Sn" Fó hnjbs¯ A[nIcns¨gpXnb teJ\¯n\v, Prof. Mecartini amÀ¡nSpóXn\p ]Icw Remarkable Fóp am{Xw FgpXn Principal Mr. Meston \v, "asämcp hnjb¯n\pw thï amÀ¡nsñ¦nepw Cu hnZymÀ°nsb F´mbmepw AUvanäv sN¿Ww. Xm¦Ä Cu teJ\w \nÀºÔambpw hmbn¡pIbpw thWw" t^mÀthUv sN¿pIbpïmbs{X. A§ns\bpsÅmcmÄ KpcpIpek{¼Zmb¯nð, kwkvIr¯nepw sshZy¯nepw PtymXnj¯nepw IqSn AKm[ ]mÞnXyw t\Snbmð? AXmbncpóp kRvPb³. At±lamWv tjIv kv]nbsdbpw ImfnZmks\bpw, `mjbpw kwkvImchpw X½nepÅ _Ôw hniZam¡m³ XmcXayw sNbvXXv. ImfnZmks\bpw, `mjmIhn{Xbs¯bpw hnSmw; Cós¯ aebmf kmbn¸òmÀ¡v tjIvkv]nbsdtbm amÀIv Sssz\ns\tbm, amÀ¡n\v tjIvkv]nbtdmSpïmbncpó lmky]pÑtam Hópw XncnªXñ. A§ns\ BwKehpanñ aebmfhpanñ Fó AhØbnð AÑ\mcv A½bmcv Fódnbm¯, kz´w kwkvImctam hc¯kwkvImctam GsX¦nepw Hsó¦nepw \ómbdnbm¯ j®òmcneqsS aebmfw Gsd XmaknbmsX acn¡pw.  At½, aebmfta, Fgptóð¡q. R§Ä IqsSbpïv. A½ C\nbpw R§Ä¡v Ip«n¡hnXIfpw, tX¡p]m«pIfpw sImbvXp]m«pIfpw ]mSn¯cWw. ]q¡fnð \nópw ]q¡fnte¡v ]d¡pó Xp¼nsb Im«n¯cWw. hÀ®cmPn]c¯n \dpaWw ]SÀ¯pó ]q¡fw hc¨p XcWw. Xp¼¡pSw ]dn¨p XcWw. FWo¡q At½.. Zm R§Ä ChnsS N¡¸pgp¡pw Iªnbpw Xbmdm¡n h¨ncn¡póp. CXp Ign¡q. A¸pd¯v, ImWnIfpsS apJt¯¡v Bk\w ImWn¨v AXv CSw hew B«n BwKew t]mepañm¯ GXp `mjbmsWódnbm¯ hnIrX iÐ§Ä ]pds¸Sphn¡pó IpcpópIsf t\m¡q.   A½ thWw Ahsc t\Àhgn \bn¡m³. C¸pd¯v "tkm§p"IÄ ]mSpó Ip«nIfpw Ahsc sImñms¡me sN¿pó "dnbmenän"¡mÀ. Ahscbpw R§Ä HmSn¡mw. CXm, 'Hcp ]m«p ]mSq tamfq' Fóp ]dbpt¼mÄ 'Szn¦nÄ Szn¦nÄ' ]mSpó Cu Ipªns\ t\m¡q At½. AhÄ¡v 'IqIq IqIpw Xohïn' ]mSns¡mSp¡m³ A½ thWw. Zm AXp t\m¡q, B Ipªnsâ ]ndómfn\v DuXns¡Sp¯pó sagpIpXncnIÄ. A½ Fgptóäv Cu \nehnf¡p sImfp¯n Xebnð Acnbpw sN¯nbpw Xpfknbpw Xqhn ZoÀLmbpÊp t\cq.. HmW¸m«pIfpw Nn´pIfpw DWÀ¯q At½.. R§Ä¡nt¸mÄ _p²nbpZn¨p. C\n R§Ä aebmf¯nð ¯só kwhZn¡mw. aebmf¯nð Xsó Fñmw ]Tn¡mw.. Zm R§sfñmhcpapïv. C\nbpw A½ DuÀ²z³ hen¨p InS¡tñ. Fgptóð¡q At½....

Duz henp aebmfw: `mjbpw kmlnXyhpw - Cs hnZym`ymkw (`mKw Hv)

\mfpIÄ¡p ap³]v Rm\o teJ\]c¼c \nÀ¯nbXv, "ChnsSbmWv '`mj' ]Tn¸n¡póXn\v ]Icw 'kmlnXyw' ]Tn¸n¡póXnse X{´w a\Ênemt¡ïXv" Fóp ]dªmWv.   `mjbnemWv kmlnXyw AaÀóncn¡póXv Fóncns¡, F´n\mWv aebmf `mj ]Tn¡póXpw ]Tn¸n¡póXpw \nÀ¯nbXv? B kwkvImcs¯ Xpc¯m³. kmlnXyw kwkvImc¯nsâ ASnØm\amsWóXn\mð, BwKe kmlnXyw ]Tn¸n¨mð, B kwkvImchpw \ap¡v kzmb¯amIpw FóXn\memWv BwKe '`mj' ]Tn¸n¡póXn\p ]Icw BwKe 'kmlnXyw' ]Tn¸n¡m\pw ]Tn¡m\pw \½psS \s«ñnñm¯ `cWIÀ¯m¡fpw, kwkvImcm`nam\lo\cmb s]mXpP\hpw DðkpIcmhpóXv. HäbSn¡v cïpw km[n¨p. aebmfw Hgnhm¡n, aebmfkmlnXyhpw AXneqsS aebmfkwkvImchpw AS¡n. BwKekmlnXyw ]Tn¸n¨v, BwKekwkvImc¯nð XeapdIsf ap¡n¡pfn¸n¨p. `mj Bibhn\nab¯n\psÅmcp]m[nbmWv. (Medium for communication). kmlnXyw kwkvImc {]Imi\¯n\pÅXpw. "Rm³ DuWpIgn¡pIbmWv" FóXpt]msebpÅ {]kvXmh\Ifpw, "CµpIncW§Ä Fónð IpfncptImcpóp" FóXpt]msebpÅ hnImc{]Imi\§fpw, "\o FhnsSt]mIpóp" Fó coXnbnepÅ tNmZy§fpw, Bibhn\nab¯n\pÅ `mjm D]IcW§fmWv. GsX¦nepw Hcp `mjbnð FgpXs¸« IYItfm, IhnXItfm hmbn¨v, k¦ev]n¨v, `mh\mtemI¯nð hnlcn¡mw. AXnep]cn kwkvImc{]Imi\¯nsâ ]e apJ§Ä¡pw kmlnXyw ASnØm\amWv. \r¯w, kwKoXw, \mSIw, BNmc§Ä, `£Whn`h§Ä, Xmf§Ä, hmZyhrµ§Ä (HmÀ¡kv{Sm) Fónhs¡ñmw ASnØm\amWv `mj. Hcp `mj ]Tn¡mXncn¡pt¼mÄ, BkwkvImcw BI¸msSbmWv \ap¡v \ãs¸SpóXv. AXpt]mse Xsó Hcp kmlnXyw ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ, B kwkvImc¯nte¡mWv \mw ISóp sNñpóXv. F{X AKm[ambn B `mjm kmKc¯nte¡v \mw DufnbnSpópthm A{X¡pw B kwkvImcw \s½ Ipfn¸n¡póp. GsXmcp kwkvImchpw ]e hnImk ]cnWma§fneqsS ISópt]mhpw, aebmf kwkvImchpw AXpt]mse sam«n«v hncnªv hnIkn¨v ]pjvIeambXv, ]e \mfpIfneqsSbmWv. Xangv hó t]mse Hcp s]mXp aqe {ZmhnU `mjbnð \nóv ]ncnªp hó aebmf¯nð BZyIme§fnð DïmbncpóXv ]m«pIfmbncpóp. Xangnt\mSv IqSpXð AIepIbpw, kwkvIrXt¯mSSp¡pIbpw sNbvXv aWn{]hmf IhnXIfneqsSbpw, tÇmIk{¼Zmb§fneqsSbpw, {]_Ô§fneqsSbpw, sNdpIY, t\mhð apXembhbneqsSbpw Ignª Xeapd hsc hsó¯n. BZyIme ]m«pIÄ, Nne ioepIfnð ]mSn^en¸n¡m³ Ffp¸ambncpóp. FgpXn kmlnXy A¡mZan {]kn²oIcn¨ 'aebmfkmln{XyNcn{Xw' (tIcfkmlnXy A¡mZan) Fó sNdp Ncn{X¯nð `mjbpw BNmc§fpw X½nepÅ ASp¯ _Ôw {io. ]n.sI. ]ctaizc³ \mbÀ C§ns\ hnhcn¨ncn¡póp. "theÀ, ]mWÀ, ]pÅphÀ Fón§s\ ]e hÀ¤¡mcpw tIcf¯nse ]pcmX\ kmaqlyPohnX¯nse LSI§fmbncpóp. IpSpw_§fpsS kpØnXntbbpw kuJyt¯bpw ]cn]men¡m³ CuhI hÀ¤¡mcpsS tkh\§Ä Bhiyambn ]cnKWn¡s¸«phóp. i{XptZmjw Hgn¡m\pÅ the³ {]hr¯n, kÀ¸tZmjw t]m¡m\pÅ ]pÅph³]m«v… Hmtcm hÀ¤¡mÀ¡pw AhchcptSXmb CXnlmk§fpw {Inbm ]²XnIfpw Dïmbncpóp. ChcpsS {]hr¯nItfmS\p_Ôn¨v ]ehn[¯nepÅ Km\§Ä AhÀ ]mSnhóp. Ahsbñmw tIcfPohnX¯nsâbpw tIcfmNmc§fpsSbpw hnhn[hi§sf {]Xn_nw_n¸n¡pó, A]cnjvIrX§sf¦nepw, ssNX\y]qÀ®§fmb Nn{X§fmWv." CXnð 'A]cnjvIrX' Fó {]tbmK¯nt\mSv F\n¡v hntbmPn¸pïv. ]cnjvImcw FóXv, ]mÝmXy kzm[o\ {]tbmKamWv. _m[sbmgnhm¡pt¼mÄ theòmÀ ]mSpó, "AcnbmtW ]nWnbcw hcnI-G AcnbmtW ]nWnbcw hcnI …. Ibð\nIscm¯ I®nWtaepw tXmepgnªp ]nWnXoÀsómgnI" Fó ]m«piIe§Ä aebmfkmlnXyw ]Tn¡póhÀ¡p apónte sXfnbq. IÀ¡nSI¯nse AÀ²cm{Xn¡ptijw ]mW\pw ]m«nbpw Ip«nIfpw IqSn, ho«p]SnIÄ tXmdpw sNóv ]dsIm«nbpw, XpbnepWÀ¯nbpw ]dbns]ä Xncphc¦¯v ]mW\mÀ¡v inh³ hcw sImSp¯ IY ]mSpóp. CXpw aebmf kmlnXyw ]Tn¡póhÀ¡p apónte hnf§q. BZnImew apXð¡v tIcf¯nð \ne\nóncpó kÀ¸mcm[\bpambn _Ôs¸«mWv ]pÅph\pw ]pÅph¯nbpw ]mSn\SóncpóXv. aebmfkmlnXyw ]Tn¨mð Xsótb CXpw ]q¡pIbpÅq. aebmf kmlnXyw ]Tn¡sWsa¦ntem BZyw aebmf `mj ]Tn¡Ww. IrjvWKmYbneqsSbpw cmambW N¼phneqsSbpw ]p\w \¼qXncnbpw cmambW¯neqsS Xpô¯Ñ\pw ]m«pIÄ ]mSnbpw, sh×Wn Ipªq«³ X¼pcm³ apXembhÀ ap¯pw ]hnghpw tNÀ¯ aWn{]hmf tÇmI§fneqsSbpw, ]¨aebmf¯nð ]mSn¯pÅn  Ipô³ \¼ymcpw, aebmfalmImhy§fpw XcfIhnXIfpw sNmñn hÅt¯mÄ DÅqÀ Bim³ hn.kn. XpS§nb IhnXm N{IhÀ¯namcpw,  ]pXpt\mhð k{¼Zmbw kzoIcn¨v N´ptat\m³ A¸p s\Sp§mSn kn.hn.cma³]nÅ apXembhcpw,  Adp¯papdn¡pó lmkymt£]§fneqsS kRvPb³ C.hn apXðt]cpw, AhnSpópw t]móv ]pXpaebmft\mhepIfneqsS \´\mÀ Ddq_v tZhv XIgn Fw.Sn apXemb AkwJyw t\mhð kmlnXyImcòmcpw, ]pXpIhnXIfneqsS Pn., ]n.,.apXemb IhnIfpw ]mSnbmSn apebq«n IYIÄ ]dªv ]n¨h¸n¨v hfÀ¯ns¡mïphóXmWv aebmfkmlnXyw. CXns\ñmw BkzmZIcpïmbncpóp. AhÀ¡v ]mÝmXy ]cnjvImcapïmbncpónñ. AXpsImïhÀ aebmf `mj ]Tn¡pIbpw, ]SÀópIbdpó Cu kmlnXyhñcnbnð DªmemSpIbpw sNbvXp. aebmfw t]mbtXmSpIqSn Cu kmlnXyhpw \ap¡p \ãambn. AtXmsSm¸w AXnð AaÀóncpó kwkvImchpw. tamln\nbm«w aebmf¯nsâ \r¯amWv. AXn\v ]mSn ^en¸n¡mhpó kmlnXyhpapïv. B kmlnXy§fnseñmw, aebmfnbpsS kwkvImcw {]Xn^en¡pw. tamln\nbm«¯n\p]tbmKn¡pó kmlnXy§fmb, Ccbn½³ X¼nbpsStbm, kzmXn Xncp\mfnsâtbm ]m«pIsfñmw aebmfkwkvImcs¯ {]kv^pcn¸n¡póhbmWv. X¼nbpsS 'Hma\¯n¦Ä¡nSmthm' Fó Xmcm«v Hcp aebmfnt¡ ]mSm³ Ignbq. AXnsâ ioep t]mepw aebmfamWv. tImaf¯macbpw, ]qhnse a[phpw, arZphmbn ]ôaw ]mSpó Ipbnepw, XnÅpanfam¦nSmhpw, X¯IfpsS sImôepw, Fñmw Fñmw aebmfn¡p am{Xw kz´amWv. AtXioenð Isty-Bisty Spider, Hush Little Baby, Twinkle Twinkle Little Star Hópw ]mSm³ km²yañ. AXpt]mse Xsó sh×Wn Aѳ \¼qcnbpsS "Hma\¡p«³ tKmhnµ³" Fó Xmcm«nse hdp¯pt¸cn ]Xn¨ DcpfIfqw, ssIcfo kwkvImc¯n\p kz´w. KÀ`¯nepÅ Ip«n¡v AÑ\½amÀ kwkmcn¡póXv tIÄ¡mw Fóv hc¯³ ]dbpóXphsc, A`na\yphns\ Akw_Ôambn IcpXnbhtcmSv, Cu Xmcm«pIÄ Ipªp§fnepïm¡nbncpó kzm[o\tam, \nc´cw AXp ]mSpóXpsImïv AÑ\½amcnð AXpïm¡nbncpó kwkvImctam ]dbpóXv N¯ t]m¯nsâ sNhn«nð hoW hmbn¡póXp t]msebmWv. "Im´t\mSp sNóv sasñ", "Im´ Xh ]ng Rm³", "XcpWo Rm³ F´p sNbzq" Fón§ns\ AkwJyw kzmXn Xncp\mÄ IrXnIfnð, aebmfnbpsS hn{]ew`hpw, {]WbIem]§fpamWv, ]csómgpIpóXv; _nem¯nbnse eu kvtämdokñ. aebmfw acn¡pótXmSpIqSn, tamln\nbm«hpw A\p_Ôamb CS¡bpw, tkm]m\kwKoXhpw DuÀ²z³ hen¡pw. temI{]ikvXnbpsS sImSpapSnIÄ tIdn \nð¡pó IYIfnbpw IqSnbm«hpw aebmfkmlnXy¯nemWqón \nð¡póXv. Cu cïnepañmsX, `cX³ AXn kq£vaambn {]Xn]mZn¨n«pÅ \hck§sf, `mcX¯nse Fóñ temI¯nse Xsó Hcp IebvIpw C{Xbpw `wKnbmbpw, hnkvXcn¨pw cwK¯hXcn¸n¨p ^en¸n¡m³ ]änñ. Hmtcm ck§Ä¡pw tNÀó thj hn[m\§fpw, Jïmcw Im\¡pdnªn aebamcpXw Ip´fhcmfn Fcn¡ne¡mtamZcn Fón§ns\ a[pcakrWamb cmK§fpw, sN¼S  AS´ ]ômcn XpS§nb AkwJyw Xmf§fpw, B Xmf§fnð Xsó {Xn{iw, NXpc{iw, k¦oÀ®w A§ns\ ]e \SIfpw, Ahtbmtcmópw Hmtcm thj¯n\pw ck¯n\pw `mh¯n\pw tNÀóh®w ]e D¨¯nepw hmbn¡s¸Spó sNï, a±fw Fóo hmZy§fpw Fñmw tNÀópÅ hncpóv aebmfnbpsS BßmhnemWv ØnXn sN¿póXv. aebmfw A´yizmkw hen¡póXns\m¸ambncn¡pw Cu cmK–Xmf–ck `mh§fpsSbpw ]ctemI{]m]vXn. aebmfn¡nósehscbpïmbncpó "sNdp¸Ime§fnepÅ ioew ad¡ptam am\pj\pÅ Imew" Fót]msebpÅ efnXhpw Kl\hpamb ]gsômñpIÄ FhnSpóp In«n Fóv Csó{X ]Ån¡qS hm[ymòmÀ¡dnbmw! "P\n¡paóópSt\ acn¡pw ap\n¡paptÅmóp icoc\miw" "Pe¯ntet¸mfIsfó t]mse New a\pjyÀ¡p icoc_Ôw" "Hcn¡eptïh\pamß\miw" "Xmbm«p Im«pó inip¡sf¯m³ XmUn¨p in£n¨p hfÀ¯thWw" "hñm¯ _me{]`h¯ns\¡mfnñm¯ _me{]`hw kpJw t]mð" "X\n¡p Xm³ t]mó al¯pIÄ¡pw [\¯nepÅm{Klaev]añ" "D¨¡p Ip¯n¡hcpó Zn¡nð ht¨¡ \tóm [\[m\ysañmw" Fón§ns\ an¡hmdpw Fñm ]gsômñpIfpw Ipô³ \¼ymcpsS "IrjvWKmY" Fó aWn{]hmfIrXnbnepÅ ap¯pIfmWv! CXpt]mse F{Xtbm AKm[ XXzimkv{XXXz§Ä Hcp Xmcm«pt]mse AhnsS HfnªpInS¡póp. AXv hyàambdnbmhpóXpsImïp Xsóbmbncn¡Ww, "sNdp¸Ime§fnð .." Xsó aebmfs¯ ad¡m\pw, BwKes¯ ]Tn¡m\pw, Cós¯ "t{ijvTòmÀ" {Iam\pKXamb Nn´mtijohn\mi¯neqsSbpw ss]XrI ]pѯneqsSbpw BwKemta[yt`mP\¯neqsSbpw hgnsbmcp¡ns¡mïncn¡póXv. aebmfw Cu temIw shSnbpt¼mÄ \½psS ]gsômñpIfpw N{Ihmf¯nð adbpw. Imäns\bpw, shůns\bpw, `qantbbpw kvt\ln¨ncpó aebmfn¡v, \ñ]pfnbne¡c apïpSp¯mð, shÅw hómð AXp aS¡n¡p¯msaópw, Ikhp t\cyXpsImïv Ac¡paosX ]pX¨mð XpdópInS¡pó apïn\pÅneqsS icocw apgph³ ip²hmbpISóv AXns\ DuÀÖkzeam¡psaópadnbmw. sNcn¸nSmsX `qanbnð Imð Nhn«n \Sóncpó aebmfnsb, at®m, Imtäm, kqcy{]Imitam Hópw IS¡m¯ tkmIvkpw, jqkpw, ]mâvkpw CSphn¨v Hcp hnUvVnt¡mamfnbm¡n. aebmfw acn¡pótXmsS apïpw thãnbpw NpSebWbpw. (XpScpw..)

`mjbpw kmlnXyhpw - Cs hnZym`ymkw

\mfpIÄ¡p ap³]v Rm\o teJ\]c¼c \nÀ¯nbXv, "ChnsSbmWv '`mj' ]Tn¸n¡póXn\v ]Icw 'kmlnXyw' ]Tn¸n¡póXnse X{´w a\Ênemt¡ïXv" Fóp ]dªmWv. `mjbnemWv kmlnXyw AaÀóncn¡póXv Fóncns¡, F´n\mWv aebmf `mj ]Tn¡póXpw ]Tn¸n¡póXpw \nÀ¯nbXv? B kwkvImcs¯ Xpc¯m³. kmlnXyw kwkvImc¯nsâ ASnØm\amsWóXn\mð, BwKe kmlnXyw ]Tn¸n¨mð, B kwkvImchpw \ap¡v kzmb¯amIpw FóXn\memWv BwKe '`mj' ]Tn¸n¡póXn\p ]Icw BwKe 'kmlnXyw' ]Tn¸n¡m\pw ]Tn¡m\pw \½psS \s«ñnñm¯ `cWIÀ¯m¡fpw, kwkvImcm`nam\lo\cmb s]mXpP\hpw DðkpIcmhpóXv. HäbSn¡v cïpw km[n¨p. aebmfw Hgnhm¡n, aebmfkmlnXyhpw AXneqsS aebmfkwkvImchpw AS¡n. BwKekmlnXyw ]Tn¸n¨v, BwKekwkvImc¯nð XeapdIsf ap¡n¡pfn¸n¨p. `mj Bibhn\nab¯n\psÅmcp]m[nbmWv. (Medium for communication). kmlnXyw kwkvImc {]Imi\¯n\pÅXpw. "Rm³ DuWpIgn¡pIbmWv" FóXpt]msebpÅ {]kvXmh\Ifpw, "CµpIncW§Ä Fónð IpfncptImcpóp" FóXpt]msebpÅ hnImc{]Imi\§fpw, "\o FhnsSt]mIpóp" Fó coXnbnepÅ tNmZy§fpw, Bibhn\nab¯n\pÅ `mjm D]IcW§fmWv. GsX¦nepw Hcp `mjbnð FgpXs¸« IYItfm, IhnXItfm hmbn¨v, k¦ev]n¨v, `mh\mtemI¯nð hnlcn¡mw. AXnep]cn kwkvImc {]Imi\¯nsâ ]e apJ§Ä¡pw kmlnXyw ASnØm\amWv. \r¯w, kwKoXw, \mSIw, BNmc§Ä, `£Whn`h§Ä, Xmf§Ä, hmZyhrµ§Ä (HmÀ¡kv{äm) Fónhs¡ñmw ASnØm\amWv `mj. Hcp `mj ]Tn¡mXncn¡pt¼mÄ, B kwkvImcw BI¸msSbmWv \ap¡v \ãs¸SpóXv. AXpt]mse Xsó Hcp kmlnXyw ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ, B kwkvImc¯nte¡mWv \mw ISóp sNñpóXv. F{X AKm[ambn B `mjm kmKc¯nte¡v \mw DufnbnSpópthm A{X¡pw B kwkvImcw \s½ Ipfn¸n¡póp. GsXmcp kwkvImchpw ]e hnImk ]cnWma§fneqsS ISópt]mhpw, aebmf kwkvImchpw AXpt]mse sam«n«v hncnªv hnIkn¨v ]pjvIeambXv, ]e \mfpIfneqsSbmWv. Xangv hó t]mse Hcp s]mXp aqe {ZmhnU `mjbnð \nóv ]ncnªp hó aebmf¯nð BZyIme§fnð DïmbncpóXv ]m«pIfmbncpóp. Xangnt\mSv IqSpXð AIepIbpw, kwkvIrXt¯mSSp¡pIbpw sNbvXv aWn{]hmfIhnXIfneqsSbpw, tÇmIk{¼Zmb§fneqsSbpw, {]_Ô§fneqsSbpw, sNdpIY, t\mhð apXembhbneqsSbpw Ignª Xeapd hsc hsó¯n. BZyIme ]m«pIÄ, Nne ioepIfnð ]mSn^en¸n¡m³ Ffp¸ambncpóp. FgpXn kmlnXy A¡mZan {]kn²oIcn¨ 'aebmfkmln{XyNcn{Xw' (tIcfkmlnXy A¡mZan) Fó sNdp Ncn{X¯nð `mjbpw BNmc§fpw X½nepÅ ASp¯ _Ôw {io. ]n.sI. ]ctaizc³ \mbÀ C§ns\ hnhcn¨ncn¡póp. "theÀ, ]mWÀ, ]pÅphÀ Fón§s\ ]e hÀ¤¡mcpw tIcf¯nse ]pcmX\ kmaqlyPohnX¯nse LSI§fmbncpóp. IpSpw_§fpsS kpØnXntbbpw kuJyt¯bpw ]cn]men¡m³ CuhI hÀ¤¡mcpsS tkh\§Ä Bhiyambn ]cnKWn¡s¸«phóp. i{XptZmjw Hgn¡m\pÅ the³ {]hr¯n, kÀ¸tZmjw t]m¡m\pÅ ]pÅph³]m«v… Hmtcm hÀ¤¡mÀ¡pw AhchcptSXmb CXnlmk§fpw {Inbm ]²XnIfpw Dïmbncpóp. ChcpsS {]hr¯nItfmS\p_Ôn¨v ]ehn[¯nepÅ Km\§Ä AhÀ ]mSnhóp. Ahsbñmw tIcfPohnX¯nsâbpw tIcfmNmc§fpsSbpw hnhn[hi§sf {]Xn_nw_n¸n¡pó, A]cnjvIrX§sf¦nepw, ssNX\y]qÀ®§fmb Nn{X§fmWv." CXnð 'A]cnjvIrX' Fó {]tbmK¯nt\mSv F\n¡v hntbmPn¸pïv. ]cnjvImcw FóXv, ]mÝmXy kzm[o\ {]tbmKamWv. _m[sbmgnhm¡pt¼mÄ theòmÀ ]mSpó "AcnbmtW ]nWnbcw hcnI-G AcnbmtW ]nWnbcw hcnI Ibð\nIscm¯ I®nWtaepw tXmepgnªp ]nWnXoÀsómgnI" Fó ]m«piIe§Ä aebmfkmlnXyw ]Tn¡póhÀ¡p apónte sXfnbq. IÀ¡nSI¯nse AÀ²cm{Xn¡ptijw ]mW\pw ]m«nbpw Ip«nIfpw IqSn, ho«p]SnIÄ tXmdpw sNóv ]dsIm«nbpw, XpbnepWÀ¯nbpw ]dbns]ä Xncphc¦¯v ]mW\mÀ¡v inh³ hcw sImSp¯ IY ]mSpóp. CXpw aebmf kmlnXyw ]Tn¡póhÀ¡p apónte hnf§q. BZnImew apXð¡v tIcf¯nð \ne\nóncpó kÀ¸mcm[\bpambn _Ôs¸«mWv ]pÅph\pw ]pÅph¯nbpw ]mSn\SóncpóXv. aebmfkmlnXyw ]Tn¨mð Xsótb CXpw ]q¡pIbpÅq. aebmf kmlnXyw ]Tn¡sWsa¦ntem BZyw aebmf `mj ]Tn¡Ww. IrjvWKmYbneqsSbpw cmambW N¼phneqsSbpw ]p\w \¼qXncnbpw cmambW¯neqsS Xpô¯Ñ\pw ]m«pIÄ ]mSnbpw, sh×Wn Ipªq«³ X¼pcm³ apXembhÀ ap¯pw ]hnghpw tNÀ¯ aWn{]hmf tÇmI§fneqsSbpw, ]¨aebmf¯nð ]mSn¯pÅn  Ipô³ \¼ymcpw, aebmfalmImhy§fpw XcfIhnXIfpw sNmñn hÅt¯mÄ DÅqÀ Bim³ hn.kn. XpS§nb IhnXm N{IhÀ¯namcpw,  ]pXpt\mhð k{¼Zmbw kzoIcn¨v N´ptat\m³ A¸p s\Sp§mSn kn.hn.cma³]nÅ apXembhcpw,  Adp¯papdn¡pó lmkymt£]§fneqsS kRvPb³ C.hn apXðt]cpw, AhnSpópw t]móv ]pXpaebmft\mhepIfneqsS \´\mÀ Ddq_v tZhv XIgn Fw.Sn apXemb AkwJyw t\mhð kmlnXyImcòmcpw, ]pXpIhnXIfneqsS  Pn., ]n.,.apXemb IhnIfpw ]mSnbmSn apebq«n IYIÄ ]dªv ]n¨h¸n¨v hfÀ¯ns¡mïphóXmWv aebmfkmlnXyw. CXns\ñmw BkzmZIcpïmbncpóp. AhÀ¡v ]mÝmXy ]cnjvImcapïmbncpónñ. AXpsImïhÀ aebmf `mj ]Tn¡pIbpw, ]SÀópIbdpó Cu kmlnXyhñcnbnð DªmemSpIbpw sNbvXp. aebmfw t]mbtXmSpIqSn Cu kmlnXyhpw \ap¡p \ãambn. AtXmsSm¸w AXnð AaÀóncpó kwkvImchpw. tamln\nbm«w aebmf¯nsâ \r¯amWv. AXn\v ]mSn ^en¸n¡mhpó kmlnXyhpapïv. B kmlnXy§fnseñmw, aebmfnbpsS kwkvImcw {]Xn^en¡pw. tamln\nbm«¯n\p]tbmKn¡pó kmlnXy§fmb, Ccbn½³ X¼nbpsStbm, kzmXn Xncp\mfnsâtbm ]m«pIsfñmw aebmfkwkvImcs¯ {]kv^pcn¸n¡póhbmWv. X¼nbpsS 'Hma\¯n¦Ä¡nSmthm' Fó Xmcm«v Hcp aebmfnt¡ ]mSm³ Ignbq. AXnsâ ioep t]mepw aebmfamWv. tImaf¯macbpw, ]qhnse a[phpw, arZphmbn ]ôaw ]mSpó Ipbnepw, XnÅpanfam¦nSmhpw, X¯IfpsS sImôepw, Fñmw Fñmw aebmfn¡p am{Xw kz´amWv.  AtXioenð  Isty-Bisty Spider, Hush Little Baby, Twinkle Twinkle Little Star Hópw ]mSm³ km²yañ. AXpt]mse Xsó sh×Wn Aѳ \¼qcnbpsS "Hma\¡p«³ tKmhnµ³" Fó Xmcm«nse hdp¯pt¸cn ]Xn¨ DcpfIfqw, ssIcfo kwkvImc¯n\p kz´w. KÀ`¯nepÅ Ip«n¡v AÑ\½amÀ kwkmcn¡póXv tIÄ¡mw Fóv hc¯³ ]dbpóXphsc, A`na\yphns\ Akw_Ôambn IcpXnbhtcmSv, Cu Xmcm«pIÄ Ipªp§fnepïm¡nbncpó kzm[o\tam, \nc´cw AXp ]mSpóXpsImïv AÑ\½amcnð AXpïm¡nbncpó kwkvImctam ]dbpóXv N¯ t]m¯nsâ sNhn«nð hoW hmbn¡póXp t]msebmWv. "Im´t\mSp sNóv sasñ", "Im´ Xh ]ng Rm³", "XcpWo Rm³ F´p sNbzq" Fón§ns\ AkwJyw kzmXn Xncp\mÄ IrXnIfnð, aebmfnbpsS hn{]ew`hpw, {]WbIem]§fpamWv, ]csómgpIpóXv; _nem¯nbnse eu tÌmdokñ. aebmfw acn¡pótXmSpIqSn, tamln\nbm«hpw A\p_Ôamb CS¡bpw, tkm]m\kwKoXhpw DuÀ²z³ hen¡pw. temI{]ikvXnbpsS sImSpapSnIÄ tIdn \nð¡pó IYIfnbpw IqSnbm«hpw aebmfkmlnXy¯nemWqón \nð¡póXv. Cu cïnepañmsX, `cX³ AXn kq£vaambn {]Xn]mZn¨n«pÅ \hck§sf, `mcX¯nse Fóñ temI¯nse Xsó Hcp IebvIpw C{Xbpw `wKnbmbpw, hnkvXcn¨pw cwK¯hXcn¸n¨p ^en¸n¡m³ ]änñ. Hmtcm ck§Ä¡pw tNÀó thj hn[m\§fpw, Jïmcw Im\¡pdnªn aebamcpXw Ip´fhcmfn Fcn¡ne¡mtamZcn Fón§ns\ a[pcakrWamb cmK§fpw, sN¼S  AS´ ]ômcn XpS§nb AkwJyw Xmf§fpw, B Xmf§fnð Xsó {Xn{iw, NXpc{iw, k¦oÀ®w A§ns\ ]e \SIfpw, Ahtbmtcmópw Hmtcm thj¯n\pw ck¯n\pw `mh¯n\pw tNÀóh®w ]e D¨¯nepw hmbn¡s¸Spó sNï, a±fw Fóo hmZy§fpw Fñmw tNÀópÅ hncpóv aebmfnbpsS BßmhnemWv ØnXn sN¿póXv. aebmfw A´yizmkw hen¡póXns\m¸ambncn¡pw Cu cmK Xmf ck `mh§fpsSbpw ]ctemI{]m]vXn. aebmfn¡nósehscbpïmbncpó "sNdp¸Ime§fnepÅ ioew ad¡ptam am\pj\pÅ Imew" Fót]msebpÅ efnXhpw Kl\hpamb ]gsômñpIÄ FhnSpóp In«n Fóv Csó{X ]Ån¡qS hm[ymòmÀ¡dnbmw! "P\n¡paóópSt\ acn¡pw ap\n¡paptÅmóp icoc\miw" "Pe¯ntet¸mfIsfó t]mse New a\pjyÀ¡p icoc_Ôw" "Hcn¡eptïh\pamß\miw" "Xmbm«p Im«pó inip¡sf¯m³ XmUn¨p in£n¨p hfÀ¯thWw" "hñm¯ _me{]`h¯ns\¡mfnñm¯ _me{]`hw kpJw t]mð" "X\n¡p Xm³ t]mó al¯pIÄ¡pw [\¯nepÅm{Klaev]añ" "D¨¡p Ip¯n¡hcpó Zn¡nð ht¨¡ \tóm [\[m\ysañmw" Fón§ns\ an¡hmdpw Fñm ]gsômñpIfpw Ipô³ \¼ymcpsS "IrjvWKmY" Fó aWn{]hmfIrXnbnepÅ ap¯pIfm¬ CXpt]mse F{Xtbm AKm[ XXzimkv{XXXz§Ä Hcp Xmcm«pt]mse AhnsS HfnªpInS¡póp. AXv hyàambdnbmhpóXpsImïp Xsóbmbncn¡Ww, "sNdp¸Ime§fnð .." Xsó aebmfs¯ ad¡m\pw, BwKes¯ ]Tn¡m\pw, Cós¯ "t{ijvTòmÀ" {Iam\pKXamb Nn´mtijohn\mi¯neqsSbpw ss]XrI ]pѯneqsSbpw BwKemta[yt`mP\¯neqsSbpw hgnsbmcp¡ns¡mïncn¡póXv. aebmfw Cu temIw shSnbpt¼mÄ \½psS ]gsômñpIfpw N{Ihmf¯nð adbpw. Imäns\bpw, shůns\bpw, `qantbbpw kvt\ln¨ncpó aebmfn¡v \ñ ]pfnbne¡c apïpSp¯mð, shÅw hómð AXp aS¡n¡p¯msaópw, Ikhp t\cyXpsImïv Ac¡paosX ]pX¨mð XpdópInS¡pó apïn\pÅneqsS icocw apgph³ ip²hmbpISóv AXns\ DuÀÖkzeam¡psaópadnbmw. sNdp¸nSmsX `qanbnð Imð Nhn«n \Sóncpó aebmfnsb, at®m, Imtäm, kqcy{]Imitam Hópw IS¡m¯ tkmIvkpw, jqkpw, ]mâvkpw CSphn¨v Hcp hnUvVnt¡mamfnbm¡n. aebmfw acn¡pótXmsS apïpw thãnbpw NpSebWbpw. \ñ FcntÈcnbpw ]pfntÈcnbpw km¼mdpw In¨Snbpw Xobepw, Iq«n Ip¯cnt¨mdpïv BtcmKyhpw BbpÊpw \o«nbncpó aebmfn, sI.F^v.kn bpw Cämenb³ ]nÊbpw Atacn¡³ _ÀKdpw Xnóv ]ehn[ AÀºpZ§Ä _m[n¨v \mev]Xp hbÊn\pap¼v kn²nIqSm³ XpS§nb kaIme¯n\v BwKemSnaXzw am{XamWv ImcWw. aebmfw ]Tn¨mte AXp Xncnbq. aebmfn aebmfs¯ adótXmsS t\{´¸gs¯bpw Np« tN\sbbpw N¡¸pgp¡ns\bpw apcn§bnesbbpw shfns¨®sbbpw adóv, Cu´¸gs¯bpw ]nkvXsbbpw ]nksbbpw k¬^vehtdmbnens\bpw {]m]n¨p. F¦nepw tIcf¯nse aebmfn Cu´¸gw Xnópt¼mgpw Atd_y¡mÀ F´psImïv t\{´¸gw Xnópónñm Fó tNmZyw tNmZn¡m³ t]mepw Cu `mjm kmwkvImcnI ASnaIÄ adóp t]mbn. aebmfw NpSe ]qIpótXmsS hmgbnebnse kZybpw IqsSIqSpw. Asñ¦nse´n\v ]¯psImñw ]Tn¨ BwKe `mjbpsS kmlnXyw, '`mj' Fó apJw aqSn¡pw IhN¯n\papÅnsemfn¸n¨v ]Xns\mómas¯bpw ]{´ïmas¯bpw sImñw IqSn \½psS Ip«nIfpsS Xet¨mdnð Ip¯n\nd¡Ww? Hcp `mj ]Tn¡m³ Bdpamk¯nð IqSpXð thsïóv PÀ½\n¡mÀ¡dnbmw. ]nsó´n\v ]Xn\ôp hÀjw? ]sïms¡ Ip«nIÄ, BZyamZyw AÑ\½amÀ ]dªpsImSp¡pó IYIfntebpw, IhnXIfntebpw aäpw IYm]m{X§fneqsS aebmf kwkvImcw DÄs¡mïp. {[phsâbpw, in_nbpsSbpw IYIfneqsS XymKkwkvImchpw, cmambW¯neqsSbpw cLphwi¯neqsSbpw cmP[À½§sfbpw, imIp´f¯neqsSbpw \fNcnX¯nepsSbpw kv{Xo]pcpj_Ôk¦oÀ®XIsfbpw, ]ôX{´¯neqsS PohntXm]m[nIsfbpw, GIehy\neqsSbpw IÀ®\neqsSbpw Kpcp`ànsbbpw, DÄs¡mïncpóp. \ep hbÊphsc Ifn¨p\Sóncpó Ip«nIÄ, AômwhbÊnemWv ]Ån¡qSw IbdnbncpóXv. Aós¯ Kpcp¡òmcpw aebmfkwkvImcm`nam\nIfmbncpóp. Ip«nIsf kz´w a¡sft¸mse kvt\ln¨ncpó B hm²ymòmÀ ]mTy]²Xnbnð s]Sm¯ IYIÄ t]mepw ]dªpsImSp¯ncpóp. F{X kpµchpw kpefnXhpambncpóp Aós¯ ]mTyIhnXIÄ. "Cu hñnbnð \nóp sNt½..", "`mcXt£{X¯nse Imô\{]Zo]ta..", Fón§ns\bpÅ IhnXIÄ, {]IrXnbpsS \\p \\p¯ kuµcyt¯msSm¸w, aebmfw Fó `mjsb kvt\ln¡m\pw AXnð A`nam\n¡m\pw ]Tn¸n¨ncpóp.   Aôp hbÊp hsc 'Xd' bpw ']d' bpw ']\' bpw 'Xhf' bpw ]cnNbs¸Sm¯ Ip«nIÄ, AômwXc¯nemWv (]¯p hbÊv!) Asóms¡ BwKeam²yaw thWsa¦nð 'F' Unhnj\nte¡pw, aebmf¯n\p ]Icw kwIrXw ]Tn¡Wsa¦nð '_n' Unhnj\nte¡psams¡ amdnbncpóXv. Fñmhcpw BwKew Hcp `mj Fó \ne¡v ]Tn¨ncpóp. Aômw Xc¯nemWv BwKe A£c§fpw, Imäv, dmäv, amäv Fñmw ]Tn¨p XpS§nbncpóXv. 1970-80 ImeL«§fnð t]mepw, Fóph¨mð {_n«ojv B[n]Xyw AkvXan¨v 20 sImñ§Ä¡p tijw t]mepw C{Xam{Xta DïmbncpópÅq. ]d¦nIfpw shÅ¡mcpw t]msbS¯v ]qSt]mepw CñmXmbt¸mgmWv aebmfn¡v AhtcmSpÅ `àn hÀ²n¨Xv FóXv hn[n ssh]coXyw. Cóv aebmfnIÄ aqóp hbÊpapXð (Ct¸mÄ AXv cïp hbÊpapXem¡n¯pS§n) 17 hbÊphsc hyànXz _u²nI am\knI hnImk¯nsâ lcnXhÀj§Ä aebmfw ]Tnð¡m¯ hnZym`ymkw XpScpóXv, kwkvImc¯nsâ ZptcymKw! BwKekmlnXy¯n\v AXnsâ alXzansñóñ. AXnse kmlnXyw AXnsâ kwkvImc¯nte¡v \s½ F¯n¡pw. kRvPb³ (Fw. BÀ. \mbÀ) 1935-40 ImeL«¯n\nsS  FgpXnb 'tjIvkv]nbdpw ImfnZmk\pw" Fó teJ\w t\m¡pI. "ImfnZmk³ tjIvkv]nbsd¡mÄ F{Xtbm DóXamb Øm\s¯ AÀln¡pó IhnbmsWóv CcphcpsSbpw IrXnIsf Ah[m\]qÀÆw ]cntim[n¨n«pÅ GsXmcp \nÀ½ðkc\pw k½Xn¡pó hkvXpXbmWv...kwkvImchnjb¯nemWv ImfnZmk³ tjIvkv]nbÀs¡óñ temI¯nse atSXp Ihn¡pw A{]m]yamb Hcp Øm\s¯ BtcmlWw sN¿póXv." Fóp XpS§n, "sSs¼Ìpw imIp´fhpw" Fó `mK¯n§ns\ ]dbpóp. "]t£, s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ ]p{Xo hðkeyt¯mSSp¡pt¼mÄ \nebnñm¯ Hcp Ib¯nemWv At±lw F¯nt¨Àóncn¡pósXó hkvXpX tjIvkv]nbÀ¡p a\ÊnembXmbn sSs¼Ìnse At\Iw hcnIÄ hnfn¨p ]dbpópïv. Xsâ kÀÆkzhpw Zm\ambn kzoIcn¨ kz´w ]p{Xnamcmð `ÀðknX\mbn, sImSp¦mäpw agbpw sImïp `oIcamb Hcp cm{Xn kz`h\¯nð \nóp _lnjvIrX\mbn {`m´p]nSn¨p, P\iq\yamb shfn¸d¼nð¡qSn ]mªp t]mIpó 'enbÀ' cmPmhns\s¡mïv, taLKÀÖ\¯nsâ {]Xn[z\ntbm Fóp i¦ P\n¸n¡pó hm¡pIfnð, krãnIÀ¯mhns\t¸mepw iImcn¸n¡ph³ ss[cys¸« tjIvkv]nbdpsS t]\]nSn¨ ssI, hnImcItñme§Ä¡v A{]m]y\mb s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ {]im´hm¡pIsf ]IÀ¯phm³ Xp\nbpt¼mÄ CSdpóp. Ch Xsóbmbncpóp s{]mkv]otdm ]dª hm¡pIÄ Fóp cwKØòmsc hnizkn¸n¡phm³ B IhnkwdmSv t¢in¡póp…..sSs¼Ìnð sshcmKys¯ hcn¨ s{]mkv]otdmhnsâ Øm\amWv, imIp´f¯nð kÀÆkwK]cnXymKnbmb IWzópÅXv. ….."iIp´f CXm t]mIpóp" Fón§ns\ 'iIp´f' t]mIpóp, 'Fsâ aIÄ t]mIpóp' Fóñ. "AhÄ Fsâ aIfñ… a\Ênse hnNmcw Fsâ I®pIÄ¡v Hcp aqSð hcp¯nbncn¡póp. Npäpw \S¡pó Imcy§Ä Rm³ ImWpópsï¦nepw Ah a\Ênð ]Xnbv¡pónñ. F\n¡p t]mepw kvt\lw sImïp hóp tNcmhpó timNymhØ C¯camsW¦nð, KrlØm{ianIsf, a\Êns\ IogS¡nbn«nñm¯hsc, ]pXpXmbn A\p`hn¡pó ]p{Xohncl Zp:Jw GXp Xc¯nð F{X am{Xw thZ\n¸n¡pIbnñ?" kRvPb³ XpScpóp. "Xsó¡mÄ A[nIw Zp:Jn¡phm\nSbpÅhcpsS Zp:Js¯ HmÀ¯mWv IWz³ A[nIw Zp:Jn¡pósXóp ImWn¡póXmb B cïp hcnIfneqsSbmWv Rm³ \nÀt±in¨ temtIm±o]amb hnZypñX CfIn¨mSpóXv. tjIvkv]nbdpsS ]mÝmXykwkvImcamb A]_mlp _m[n¨ ssIIÄ G´n¸nSn¡phm³ hrYm {ian¡póXpw CXns\ XsóbmWv" ("kmlnXy\nIjw", amXr`qan-1988, t]Pv 70-77). F{Xkpµcambn B alm{]Xn` kmlnXyhpw kwkvImchpambpÅ _Ôw hnhcn¨p. 1903 ð P\n¨v 42 Bw hbÊnð DuÀ²z³ hen¨ Fw. BÀ \mbÀ Fó kRvPb³, km[mcW _n.G Fódnbs¸Spó {]thi _ncpZhpw, ]nóoSv \S¯s¸Spó {]thi ]co£bnð 12 ð Hcp Øm\hpw t\Snbmð am{Xw AUvanj³ In«pó 'enätd¨À HmtWgvkv' Fó ]co£¡v, 12ð Hóma\mbn sXcsªSp¡s¸SpIbpw, 1927 ð hntÎmdnb tImtfPnð \nóv Cu HmtWgvkv _ncpZw t\SpIbpw sNbvXp.   {]thi aðkc ]co£bnð "Z ^§vj³ Hm^v t]mb{Sn" Fó hnjbs¯ A[nIcns¨gpXnb teJ\¯n\v, Prof. Mecartini amÀ¡nSpóXn\p ]Icw Remarkable Fóp am{Xw FgpXn Principal Mr. Meston \v, "asämcp hnjb¯n\pw thï amÀ¡nsñ¦nepw Cu hnZymÀ°nsb F´mbmepw AUvanäv sN¿Ww. Xm¦Ä Cu teJ\w \nÀºÔambpw hmbn¡pIbpw thWw" t^mÀthUv sN¿pIbpïmbs{X. A§ns\bpsÅmcmÄ KpcpIpek{¼Zmb¯nð, kwkvIr¯nepw sshZy¯nepw tPymXnj¯nepw IqSn AKm[ ]mÞnXyw t\Snbmð? AXmbncpóp kRvPb³. At±lamWv tjIv kv]nbsdbpw ImfnZmks\bpw, `mjbpw kwkvImchpw X½nepÅ _Ôw hniZam¡m³ XmcXayw sNbvXXv. ImfnZmks\bpw, `mjmIhn{Xbs¯bpw hnSmw; Cós¯ aebmf kmbn¸òmÀ¡v tjIvkv]nbsdtbm amÀIv Sssz\ns\tbm, amÀ¡n\v tjIvkv]nbtdmSpïmbncpó lmky]pÑtam Hópw XncnªXñ. A§ns\ BwKehpanñ aebmfhpanñ Fó AhØbnð AÑ\mcv A½bmcv Fódnbm¯, kz´w kwkvImctam hc¯kwkvImctam GsX¦nepw Hsó¦nepw \ómbdnbm¯ j®òmcneqsS aebmfw Gsd XmaknbmsX acn¡pw. At½, aebmfta, Fgptóð¡q. R§Ä IqsSbpïv. A½ C\nbpw R§Ä¡v Ip«n¡hnXIfpw, tX¡p]m«pIfpw sImbvXp]m«pIfpw ]mSn¯cWw. ]q¡fnð \nópw ]q¡fnte¡v ]d¡pó Xp¼nsb Im«n¯cWw. hÀ®cmPn]c¯n \dpaWw ]SÀ¯pó ]q¡fw hc¨p XcWw. Xp¼¡pSw ]dn¨p XcWw. FWo¡q At½.. Zm R§Ä ChnsS N¡¸pgp¡pw Iªnbpw Xbmdm¡n h¨ncn¡póp. CXp Ign¡q. A¸pd¯v, ImWnIfpsS apJt¯¡v Bk\w ImWn¨v AXv CSw hew B«n BwKew t]mepañm¯ GXp `mjbmsWódnbm¯ hnIrX iÐ§Ä ]pds¸Sphn¡pó IpcpópIsf t\m¡q.   A½ thWw Ahsc t\Àhgn \bn¡m³. C¸pd¯v "tkm§p"IÄ ]mSpó Ip«nIfpw Ahsc sImñms¡me sN¿pó "dnbmenän"¡mÀ. Ahscbpw R§Ä HmSn¡mw. CXm, 'Hcp ]m«p ]mSq tamfq' Fóp ]dbpt¼mÄ 'Szn¦nÄ Szn¦nÄ' ]mSpó Cu Ipªns\ t\m¡q At½. AhÄ¡v 'IqIq IqIpw Xohïn' ]mSns¡mSp¡m³ A½ thWw. Zm AXp t\m¡q B Ipªnsâ ]ndómfn\v DuXns¡Sp¯pó sagpIpXncnIÄ. A½ Fgpt\äv Cu \nehnf¡p sImfp¯n Xebnð Acnbpw sN¯nbpw Xpfknbpw Xqhn ZoÀLmbpÊp t\cq.. HmW¸m«pIfpw Nn´pIfpw DWÀ¯q At½.. R§Ä¡nt¸mÄ _p²nbpZn¨p. C\n R§Ä aebmf¯nð ¯só kwhZn¡mw. aebmf¯nð Xsó Fñmw ]Tn¡mw.. Zm R§sfñmhcpapïv. C\nbpw A½ DuÀ²z³ hen¨p InS¡tñ. Fgpt\ð¡q At½.   \µIpamÀ tat\m³

aebmfn adp ip aebmfw: hrXmf `mKw \mev

aebmfn ad¡pó ip² aebmfw: hr¯Xmf§Ä `mKw \mev  kp{_ÒWy³ Ipänt¡mð  kacXmfw "hcnIhcnI|klPtc-| kl\kac|kabambv-|  Icfpd¨p ssIIfvtImcv¯p Imev\Sbv¡p t]mI\mw"  "DWcphn³.. DWcphn³..  ]«nWnbpsS XShpImsc \n§fpWcphn³.."  aqópcmPy§fmbn apdnªp\nóncpó tIcfs¯ Htc hnImc¯nð tImcv¯nW¡ns¡mïv 1930ð D¸pkXym{Kl¯nð ]s¦Sp¡m³ Imev\Sbmbn t]mb kzmX{´ykactk\m\nIfv¡v KXntImcvÖtaInb Km\amWv Awin \mcmbW¸nÅ cNn¨ 'hcnI hcnI klPtc'. PmY ISópt]mb {]hniyIfnseñmw Km\w \ntcm[n¡s¸SpIbpw IhnXsbgpXnb Ipä¯n\v Ihn PbneneS¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXXv kzX{´ykacNcn{X¯nsâ GSpIfnð FgpXs¸« IhnX.      temI`mjIfnseñmw sXmgnemfnhcv¤¯nsâ kacImlfambn apg§pó 'A´cvt±iobKm\w' apIfnep²cn¨ hcnIfnð aebmf¯nte¡p samgnamänbXv k¨nZm\µ\mWv. apãnNpcp«n BImi¯ntes¡dnªv ASnsh¨p aptódpó kac`SòmÀ¡v Fópw BthiapWÀ¯póXmWv Cu amÀ¨nMvtkm§pIÄ.  Bdpam{XmKW§fnev hcpó Cu hcnIfv¡v CtX am{XIfnð hcpó i¦cNcnXw, aZ\mcv¯ Fóo hr¯§fpambn Xmfkmayapsï¦nepw eLpKpcp{Ia¯nepw KWkwJybnepw IrXyXbnñ. Bdpam{XmKW§fnð btYãw \o«mhpóXn\mð Cu am{Xm\n_Ôs¯ {]tXyIambn 'kacXmfw' Fóp hnfn¡mw. OnóKW§fnð hcnIÄ \nÀ¯pIbpw sN¿mw "Bdpam{XbnðKW§Ä 'kacXmf' ambnSpw  KWadps¯mSp¡nSmw hcnIÄ NSpeambv".  Fóp e£WsagpXmw. 'DWcphn³-' se '³' sNmñeð ZocvLm£cambn IW¡mt¡ïXmWv. klPtc- kabambv- Fóo Øe§fnð ¹pXambn Hcp am{X IqSpXð hcpt¼mgmWv Bdpam{XbmhpóXv.. (]cokvI½yqWv Ime¯v (1871-by Eugene Pottier) {^ônð FgpXs¸« A´cvt±iobKm\¯n\v t{]wPn.bpsS \tXmóXbnepÅ hnhcv¯\w 1950 ð Ahn`à I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«n¡pthïn FgpXnbXmWv. ]\epÀ _me³, samtIcn cmaN{µ³, XpS§nbhcpw hyXykvXhr¯§fnð 'C³dÀ\mjWð' hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXn«pïv.)   tII¯mfw    1."Fóp|sSsbm¨||tI«pthm|thdn-  s«óp|]ntäóp| tNmZn¡p|thmtf"  "I\y|amcv¡p \|hm\pcm|K§Ä  I{a|timWkv^|SnIh|fIÄ" -(sshtem¸nÅn) 2."I®p|thWan|cp]pd|sat¸mgpw  I®p|thWa|Sbm¯|I®v I®n|ses¸mgpw| I¯nPz| en¡papÄ- ¡®p|thWa|Sbm¯| I®v" -(IS½\n«) N§¼pg ]WnXpsh¨ Imev]\nI ]mXbnev\nópw thdn«p\Sóv aebmfs¯ am¼g¨mdnð ap¡nsbSp¡pt¼mgpw s\ôpIodn t\cns\¡m«nb IhnbmWv sshtem¸nÅn. IpSnsbmgn¡ev¯mf¯n\v KpcpXzw Iq«nbpw Ipd¨pw IS½\n« ]d¯nhn« tImgnsbbpw aebmfw s\ônteän.  'aqópc|ïpc|sïópw| aqópc|ïpc|sïópw'  Xmfw Nhn«pó tIIbnev\nópw \me£cw Ipd¨v 2-3-3-2- Fó KW{Ia¯nð sNmñnbmð s\ôpIodn t\cns\¡m«pó Xmfw tIfv¡mw. KW\n_Ô\ ]men¡m¯Xn\mð Cu A£c{Ia¯n\v 'tII¯mfw' Fóp t]cpsImSp¡póXmWpNnXw.  "cïpw|ap½qópw| cïpamw|hÀ®w  A´yw| aqónep|amwtII|¯mfw"-  Fóp e£WhpsagpXmw. IS½\n«bpsS Nne hcnIÄ aqó£cKW¯nepw Ahkm\n¡pópïv. At¸mÄ tIIbnev\nópw aqó£c§tf Du\amIpIpópÅq. CuW¯nð sNmñpt¼mÄ A£c§sfñmw Gsd¡psd Kpcp¡Ä Xsó.   Bcay|ambn|Sptóm|cmcma|tZi|¯nep|-  amcWy|¨mcv¯n|epwRm|\anX|tamZw|  Bscbpw sImïpt]mImtXI\mbv t]mhXpI-  ïmcpamcpansósó¸gn¨nsSmtñ!  ImcpWyanñmªñ, ]mcpjywsImïpañ  Xoscbnhs\ sXän²cn¡cptX!  Im\\tZhXX³ ktµiw sNóphm§n  am\hcvt¡Iphm\mbv Xncn¡bmw Rm³"  Ftagvksâ 'The Apojogy' Fó IhnXbv¡v '£am]Ww' Fót]cnð N§¼pg \nÀÆln¨ hnh À¯\¯nse hcnIfmWnh. Bßmhpw icochpw {]IrXnbpambn ka\zbn¡pó IhnX {]IrXym`napJambn A\yhXv¡cn¡s¸« lrZb¯nsâ BßKX§fmWv. kam\ sshImcnImhØbnepÅ N§¼pg Cu IhnX hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXt¸mÄ efnXtImaf]ZmhenIfneqsS AsXmcp N§¼pg¡hnXbmbn IqSpamdpóXmWv \mw ImWpóXv.  'IeymWn IfhmWn' Fó ioemWv Cu IhnXbnð kzoIcn¨ncn¡pósXóv  Ipdn¸nð ]dbpópïv. 3-2-2|3-2-2 Fó KW\n_Ô\bnð BZy]mZw ]qÀ®ambpw tIIbmWv. cïmw ]mZ¯nð Ahkm\¯ cï£c§Ä tem]n¨ncn¡póXn\mð CXns\ Du\tIIIfpsS hn`mK¯nð DÄs¸Sp¯mw. A£c§tfm KW§ÄXsótbmDu\amIpó tII¯mf§Ä IhnIÄ {]tbmKn¨n«pïv. aqó£cKW§fnse BZy Kpcp¡sf am{XIq«n Be]n¨mð tIIbnð\nópw hyXyØamb CuW¯nð sNmñmhpóXmWv.   

`mjm`ymk sshIrXw. Duz henp aebmfw `mKw Bdv

_nem¯nbnð \nónd¡w sN¿s¸« - N´ptat\msâ `mjbnð ]dªmð -  CwIncokv - ]mTyk{¼Zmbw, `mcX¯nð ]cs¡ \S¸nem¡s¸«Xn\p tijamWv, AXphsc ]T\am²yaambn ]cs¡ D]tbmKn¡s¸«ncpó kwkvIrXhpw, AXp \ne\nÀ¯nbncpó BÀjkwkvImchpw £tbmòpJambXv. AXn\v {][m\ ImcW¡mc\mb sa¡msf, 1835 s^{_phcn 2-Bw XobXn kaÀ¸n¨ IcSv Ipdn¸v, \yqtbmÀ¡nse sImfw_nbm bqWnthgvknänbnse {KÙtiJc¯nð Dïv.   AXnð ChnsS {]kàamb cïv JÞnIIfpsS GItZi XÀÖa Xmsg tNÀ¡póp.   "[10]F\n¡v kwkvIrXhpw Ad_nbpw Aev]w t]mepw Adnbnñ. ]t£, AhbpsS IrXyamb aqeyw Af¡m³ FómemhpóXv Rm³ sNbvXn«pïv. Ad_nbnsebpw kwkvIrX¯nsebpw Gähpw ]pIgvXs¸« cN\IfpsS XÀÖaIÄ Rm³ hmbn¨n«pïv. ChnsSbpw AhnsSbpw Rm³ ]mÝmXy `mjIfnse Úm\¯n\v ]pIgvs]ä BfpItfmSv kwkmcn¨n«papïv. ]mÝmXy Úm\s¯¸änbpÅ, ]mÝmXycpsS Xsó aqey\nÀ®bw kzoIcn¡m³ Rm³ XnI¨pw X¿mdmWv. Hscmä Nphceamc \nd¨ bqtdm]y³ {KÙtiJcw, `mcX¯nsâbpw Atd_ybpsSbpw sam¯w tZiob kmlnXy¯n\p Xpeyw \nðIpw FóXv \ntj[n¡m³ IgnhpÅ Hsämcp¯s\bpw Rm³ AhÀ¡nSbnð Iïnñ. kanXnbnepÅ, ]uckvXy ]mTy]²Xnsb ]n´pW¡pó AwK§sfñmw Xsó ]mÝmXy kmlnXyw ]qÀ®ambpw AwKoIcn¨hcmWv.   [11]Ing¡³ Fgp¯pImÀ Gähpw Dbc¯nð F¯nbn«pÅ kmlnXy imJ IhnXbmsWóXv AhnXÀ¡nXamb ImcyamsWómWv Rm³ IcpXpóXv. Ad_nbnsebpw kwkvIrX¯nsebpw IhnXIÄ, ]mÝmXyalmcm{ã§fptSXnt\mSv XmcXayw sN¿s¸SmhpóXmsWóv ]dbm³ ss[cyapÅ Hscmä ]uckvXys\ t]mepw F\n¡v ImWm³ Ignªnñ. ]t£ \mw Imev]\nI krãnIfnð \nópw hkvXpXm hnhcW]chpw, s]mXpXXz ]cntim[Ihpamb krãnIfnte¡v IS¡pt¼mgmWv, bqtdm]yòmcpsS t{ijvTX XnI¨pw AfhäXmIpóXv. kwkvIrX¯nð FgpXs¸«n«pÅ Fñm {KÙ§fnð\nópw kamlcn¨n«pÅ Fñm Ncn{X IY\§fpw, Cw¥ïnse {]mYanI hnZymeb§fnð D]tbmKn¡s¸Spó Gähpw \nÊckw{Kl§sf¡mfpw hneIpdªXmsWóv ]dªmð, AXnð Aev]w t]mepw AXnitbmàn IecnsñómWv Fsâ hnizmkw. `uXnIhpw kZmNmc]chpamb Fñm XXzNn´mimJIfnepw cïp cm{ã§fpsSbpw Øm\§Ä an¡hmdpw XpeyamWv."   hfsc Ip{]kn²hpw `mcXob hnZym`ymk taJebnð Zqc hym]Iamb {]XymLmX§Ä Dïm¡nbXpamb sa¡mtf Fó hc¯sâ A[nI{]kwKamWv apIfnð IïXv. A¡me¯v `mcXob Ncn{XImcòmÀ Ncn{X teJ\¯nð hfsc {i² h¨n«nñmbncpóXp sImïmbncn¡mw, F§ns\bmWv Cu shÅ ]nimNv Cu \njvTqcIÀ½¯nð hnPbn¨Xv Fóv \ap¡nópw hfsc hyàañm¯Xv.  hymhkmbnI hn¹hm\´c^eamb Xp¸m¡n Bbncn¡Ww A¡mes¯ KpcpIpe§sf \nÀ½qe\w sN¿m³ Ahs\ klmbn¨Xv. F¦nepw, AXnð Ah³ ]cn]qÀ®ambpw hnPbn¨p FóXv Ncn{XkXyw. hnjbhpw am²yahpw Ignª e¡¯nð ]dªXpt]mse, CXnsâ A\p_ÔamWv tIcf¯nse sXmgnð ZuÀe`yXbpw, Xð ^eambn tIcfob bphm¡Ä¡v kzoIcnt¡ïnhó kztZiXymKhpw, {]hmkhpw.   "aebmfw am{Xw ]Tn¨psImïncpómð tIcf¯nð tPmen In«ptam"   "]pd¯p t]mWsa¦nð CwKvfojv ]Tn¡Ww"   "AXpsImïv CwKvfojv  aoUnb¯nð Xsó ]Tn¡Ww"   tað ]dª aqóv {]kvXmh\IÄ am{Xw t\m¡pI. Cóv \ap¡dnbmw, PÀa\nbntem, Cäenbntem, {^m³kntem, djybntem, ssN\bntem t]mbn Fs´¦nepw ]Tn¡Wsa¦ntem, tPmen t\SWsa¦ntem, AXXp `mjIfmb PÀat\m, Cämenbt\m, {^tôm, djyt\m, ssN\otkm ]Tnt¡ïXv AhiyamWv FóXv. _nem¯nbntem, Atacn¡bntem am{Xta BwKew sImïv {]tbmP\apÅp. Fómð, tIcf¯n\v ]pd¯v `mcX¯nse atäXv kwØm\¯nð {]hÀ¯n In«Wsa¦nepw Cw¥ojv Adnªn¡Ww; AXp am{Xw Adnªncpómð aXn.   C¯cw Hcp ZpÀ±ibnse¯n¨ sa¡mtfsb \ap¡v i]n¡mw; AXn\p hgnh¨ ]qÀÆnIsctbmÀ¯v \ap¡v hne]n¡mw; ]t£, Cu {]iv\w A`napJoIcn¡Wsa¦nð, ]T\hnjb§fnð Hóv BwKew IqSnbmbncn¡Ww Fóp am{Xta hóp tNcpópÅp. A§ns\ BwKew Hcp hnjbamhmw. imkv{Xw, kmaqly]mTw, kwKoXw, \r¯w, Fón§ns\ F´pw Hcp 'hnjbw' Bhmw ]T\¯n\v.   GXp hnjbw ]Tn¡Wsa¦nepw Hcp am²ya`mj BhiyamWv. AXv BwKy `mjbmhmw, atäsX¦nepw `mjbpamhmw. GXp Xsóbmbmepw, ]Tn¡s¸Spó hnjbw \qX\hpw, A]cnNnXhpwBbXp sImïv, am²yaw Gähpw kp]cnNnXambncnt¡ïXv Ahiyw BhiyamWv. AXsñ¦nð, BZy `mjbmb amXr`mj sIm¨p Ipªp§Ä ]Tn¡póXp t]mse ImessZÀLyw CXn\pw t\cnSpw. B amXr`mj XsóbmWv aäv hnjb§Ä ]Tn¡m\pw Gähpw \ñ am²yaw.   aäp hnjb§Ä ]Tn¡mhpó hn[¯nð Hcp `mjbnð {]mhoWyw t\Sm³, B `mj F{X \mÄ ]Tn¡Ww? djybnð sNñpó NnInðkm imkv{X hnZymÀ°nIÄ BZys¯ Hcp hÀjw djy³ `mjbmWv ]Tn¡póXv. AXn\p tijw Aôp hÀjw NnInðkm imkv{Xw, djy³ `mjbneqsSbmWv ]Tn¡póXv. +12 Fóp Ip{]kn²amb hÀjw Ignª 17 hbÊpw Ignª Ip«nIfmWv, C{]Imcw djybnð t]mbn ]Tn¡póXv. AXp t]mse Xsó PÀ½\nbnð t]mbn ]Tn¡pó AtX {]mb¡mÀ 6 amkw PÀ½³ ]Tn¨Xn\p tijw aäp hnjb§Ä B `mjbneqsS ]Tn¡pIbmWv,  AhnsSbpw sNbvXncpóXv. At¸mÄ aäp hnjb§Ä ]Tn¡mhpó hn[¯nð Hcp `mjbnð {]mhnWyw t\Sm³ A{Xsbms¡ Ipdª Imew aXn. AXpw 17 hbÊv apXð taevt]m«pÅhÀ¡v. AXnepw XmsgbpÅhÀ¡v AXnepw Ipdhp kabw aXn. F´mbmepw ]¯mwXc¯nse   th\eh[nIme¯v, 20 Znhkw sImïv "Learn Kannada Through English in 30 days" Fó Hcp ]pkvXIw D]tbmKn¨v IÀ®mSIw FgpXm\pw, hmbn¡m\pw, kwkmcn¡m\pw A{X tIas\mópañm¯ F\n¡v ]Tn¡m³ Ignªp. Cu ]pkvXIw am{Xta F\n¡p klmbambpïmbpÅp. A²ym]Icmcpw Cñ. Nn¡³ t]mIvkv ]nSn¨p InSó kabamWv Rm\nXn\p]tbmKn¨Xv. F¦nepw A¨Sn `mjbnð kwkmcn¡m³ XpS§nb Fsó, AÑsâ Hcp kplr¯mb Hcp {][m\m²ym]I\mWv kwkmc `mj ]Tn¸n¨Xv.   ChnsS Nne DtZzKP\Iamb tNmZy§Ä Dóbn¡s¸Spóp. 1)  F´n\mWv aqóp hbÊpapXð, 17 hbÊp hscbpÅ 14 hÀjw BwKew Hcp hnjbambn ]Tn¡póXv?   2)  ]Tn¡m³ A{Xbpw ImesaSp¯ Hcp `mj am²yaambn,  AtX Imebfhnð Xsó ]Tn¨ aäp hnjb§fnð F´p ]Tn¸mWpïmbncn¡pI?   3) BwKeam²ya¯nð ]Tn¡póXv, BwKe `mjm Úm\apïmhm³ thïnbmsW¦nð, ]nsó AsX´n\p hnjbambpw ]Tn¡Ww?   4) BwKew ]Tn¡póXv, Hcp hnZymÀ°n¡pw Xsâ amXr `mjbnð aäp hnjb§Ä ]Tn¡m³ Ignhnñm¯Xp sImïñ. tIcf¯n\v ]pd¯v t]mbn ]T\w XpScm\pw sXmgnð t\Sm\pw AXmhiyambXp sImïmWv. AXn\v BwKew am²yaambn 17 sImñw Ncn{Xhpw, imkv{Xhpw aäpw ]Tn¡Wsa¦nð, ]nóoSv, djybntem, PÀ½\nbntem, {^m³kntem BWv t]mtIïn hcpósX¦nð, Xncn¨p hóp 17 sImñw ]Tn¨ Ncn{Xhpw imkv{Xhpw hoïpw djy³ `mjbntem, PÀ½³ `mjbntem, {^ôv `mjbntem ]Tnt¡ïn hcptam?   5) BwKew t]mse C{X efnXamb Hcp `mj ]Tn¡m³ C{Xsbms¡ IkÀ¯v (hnjbambn 17 hÀjw, am²yaambn 17 hÀjw) ImWn¡Wsa¦nð, CXn\nsS ]Tn¡pó lnµn F´n\v ]Tn¡póp? kwkvIrXw F§ns\ ]Tn¡póp?   NneÀ¡nXn\pÅ D¯cw, CXv A\ykwØm\¯p \nóp hcpó DtZymKØcpsS a¡fpsS ]T\ kuIcy¯n\p thïnbmWv FómWv. AsXmcp A]hmZw (FIvk]vj³) am{XamWv. AXñ \nba (dqÄ) ambncnt¡ïXv. A¯cw AhØIsf hyXyØambn ssIImcyw sN¿póXn\v ]Icw, apeIpSn amdpóXn\v ap³]v, Ipªnsâ I¿nð I¯nsImSp¯v, s]äXÅbpsS s\ônð Ip¯nbnd¡n ]men\p ]Icw B càw IpSn¡m³ ]Tn¸n¡pIbñ thïXv.   ChnsSbmWv '`mj' ]Tn¸n¡póXn\v ]Icw 'kmlnXyw' ]Tn¸n¡póXnse X{´w a\Ênemt¡ïXv.

tIcfndhn.... t{ijvT `mjbpsSbpw ]gabpsSbpw hockyw...

aebmf `mjsb sImóp sImehnfn¡m³ X¿mdmbn \nð¡pó Ipsd BfpIÄ.... aw¥ojnsâ emkycknX `mh§sf kpJtam tZho Fóv ]mSn¸pIgv¯m³ aSnbnñmsX aïn \S¡pó bphX.... ]nsó Ipsd '\yq P\tdj³' Fó Hma\t¸cnð hmgp\ kmwkvImcnI sshIrX§Ä. alm_ensb amthenbm¡n amthsednbpó s]m«¡®òmÀ \ndª \½psS ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \mSv... AXmWv- tIcfw...   tIcf¸ndhn hÀjmhÀjw  BtLmjn¡m³ XncsªSp¯ \hw_À Hón\v tIcf¸ndhn BNcWw Fóv amänhnfn¡m³ tXmón¸n¡pó tIm{]mb§fmWv ZqcZÀi\w Xpdómð hnÍns¸«nbnð ImWpI. Ipsd B¬Ip«nIfpw AXntesd s]¬Ip«nIfpw sI«n¸nSp¯hpw NmSnadnbepw Hs¡bmbn Fs´ms¡tbm Im«n¡q«póp. A{X Xsó. kmaqlnI A]Nbw hnebv¡v hm§m³ I¨sI«nb AXy´m[p\nI tKmkmbnamÀ \miw hnXbv¡pIbmWv.   hoSnsâ D½d¯v- \nehnf¡v sImfp¯n kÔym\maw P]n¨ncpó Cfapd¡mcpsS Xe¯nð \nóv Ac£nXmhØbvsd cm¸\nt¡me§Ä Ac§phmgpó ih¸d¼pIfmbn amdn AWpIpSpw_§Ä. Ac`n¯ntað \m«pImcyw ]dbm³ IqSnbncpó \òac§sf \mð¡hebv¡¸pds¯ hr²kZ\§fnð A´nbpd§m³ hnSpó X³Imcy¡mcpsS kz´w \mSv.... !   hnZym`ymkw shÅt¡mfdnsâ hn{`a¯nð amkvacnIXXbmÀóv Dñkn¨t¸mÄ, ho«nsemcp _otImwImc\pw sImt¡msNSnbpw Cñm¯ {Kma§Ä Xsó CñmsXbmbn. Cóse hsc ImÀjnIhr¯nbpsS KpW^e§Ä A\p`hn¨hcpw Cónsâ aªfn¸nð kzbw adóp. Ahtcmcp¯cpw shSnsImï ]ónsbt¸mse A½aebmfs¯ Nhn«nsaXn¨v- ISópt]mbn!   Hmtcm AXn{Ia§Ä ImWpt¼mÄ am{Xw s\ôpcp¡pó s]mfntkhIÀ... Fóv  ]dbm³ tXmópóp. AXy´m[p\nIX ho«nð¡bän \mev hbÊpÅ ]nôp Ipªns\ ssewKnI ]oV\w \S¯n sImñpóXv ckapÅ ImgvNbmbn Iïp sImïncn¡póXpw ChÀ Xsó. cïp Iq«À Ipsd¡meambn X½neSn¨p \in¸nbv¡pIbpw ]ckv]cw ]gn NmcpIbpañmsX F´mWv \½psS tIcf¯nð \S¡póXv? AXv Nn´n¡m³ Bcpanñ!   t{ijvT `mjbmWv- t]mepw.... F´mWv t{ijvT `mjbm¡nbXv sImïp am{XapÅ KpWw? HcmÄ t{ijvT `mjbm¡nbXnsâ kt´mj¯nð  ZqcZÀi\ A`napJ¯nð ]dbpóXv tI«v... Hm¡m\w hóp. CónXm tIcf¸ndhn BtLmjn¡pt¼mÄ KrlmXpcXzw hñmsX hoÀ¸p ap«n¨ Hcp kplr¯v- ]gabpsS a[pcn¡pó HmÀ½IÄ ]¦p hs¨gpXnb cïp JÞnIbnð ]Xn\ôv BwKteb hm¡pIÄ XncpIn¡bän ta\n \Sn¡póp.... B ]gb \ñ Imew XncnsI hcWat{X..!     ]nsó§s\ F§s\ B Imew XncnsI hcpw? shdpw cïp JÞnI FgpXnbt¸mÄ ]Xn\ôv XhW BwKtebw D]tbmKn¨v awKvfojm¡n tImfw Ip¯n ckn¡pIbtñ ]mhw A½aebmfs¯! Iãw Fón«v ]gabpsS hochmZw ]dbpóp....! eÖn¡Ww kXyw..   BhnjvImc kzmX{´y¯nsâ t]cnð Im«n¡q«pó sshPmXy§fpsS ]cnWX^eambn kw`hn¨Xpw, kw`hn¨p sImïncn¡póXpw, kmaqlnI ]cnjv¡À¯m¡Ä Fóqäw sImÅpóhÀ Hm«¡®n«pt\m¡n ckn¡pIbpw _m¡nbpÅhÀ F\n¡nsXmópw Adntbï, F\n¡v _m[Iañ Fóa«nð Hgp¡ns\m¯v \o´pIbpw sN¿póp. Fómð, kmwkvImcnIs¸cpa ]dªp ho¼nf¡m³ In«pó Ahkc§Ä am{Xambn Cu Ahkc§sf hn\ntbmKn¡pIbpw sN¿m³ AhÀ¡mÀ¡pw Hcp aSnbpanñ Xm\pw. Hcp am\ZÞhpanñmsX ]pgbnð \nóv a®v am´n hnev¡póh³ hi§Ä CSnbpóXn\p kacw sN¿póXv t]mse ]cnlmkyamWXv. Im«nð \nóv IůSn  sh«n I¨hSw \S¯póh³ BtKmfXm]\¯ns\Xnsc Ihe{]kwKw \S¯póXv t]mse...!   Fñm aebmfnIÄ¡pw tIcf¸ndhn BiwkIÄ.

A`ymk sshIrXw: Duz henp aebmfw `mKw Avv:

BZyIme¯v, KpcpIpe coXnbnð \S¯s¸«ncpó hnZym`ymkk{¼Zmb¯nð, {_n«ojv kzm[o\w sImïp hó ]cnhÀ¯\§Ä hn\miIc§fpw, Zqchym]I§fpambncpóp. Hcp {]uVkwkvImcs¯ Ipsd acômSn Ipc§òmÀ \in¸n¨v \mcmbW¡ñnse¯n¨ ImgvN, F{Xbpw lrZbt`ZIhpw, I®oÀ hän¸n¡póXpw, ssIImepIÄ XfÀ¯póXpambncpóp. shÅ¡mÀ `mcX¯nð hóv ChnsS \S¯nb kmwkvImcnI bp²w alm`mcXbp²s¯t¸mepw shñpóXmWv. Hcp kwkvImcs¯ \in¸n¡Wsa¦nð AhcpsS ss]XrIs¯ \in¸n¡Wsaópw, hn\mi_p²n Bfn¡¯n¨v, AXns\ kÀÆ\mi¯nse¯n¡m³ B kwkvImc¯nð A`nam\n¡pó P\§sfs¡mïv Xsó hmsfSp¸n¡Wsaópw \s½ ]Tn¸n¨ Hcp kmwkvImcnI bp²ambncpóp AXv. AXn\v sa¡mtf Fó Hcp BwKe hnjkÀ¸w Isï¯nb amÀ¤w, Aóv Fñm KpcpIpe§fnepw \Sóncpó kwIrX hnZym`ymkw \nbaw aqew \ntcm[n¡pIbpw, A§ns\ \S¯s¸Spó KpcpIpe§Ä, `mcXsam«msI Xo h¨pw XIÀ¯pw Xcn¸Wam¡pIbpambncpóp. `mcXsam«msI \Só Cu IpcpXnbnð, sIm¨p tIcfhpw _m[n¡s¸«p. A§ns\ B hc¯¸nimNp¡fpsS NpSe\r¯¯nð tIcfob kwkvImcw AkvX{]mbamsb¦nepw, asämcp `mcXob {]mtZinI kwkvImcw AXns\sbñmw Nhn«n Xmgv¯n Xe DbÀ¯n \nóp. Xangv `mjbpw AhfpsS kwkvImchpw. `mjbpw kwkvImchpw F§ns\ aXNn´Isft]mepw  AXnewLn¡póp FóXv, Xangp\m«nse {InkvXym\n kv{XoIÄ ]peÀs¨ ho«pap¼nð hc¡pó tIme§fneqsSbpw, kpawKenIÄ NqSpó ]q¡fneqsSbpw temIw Iïp. Fón«pw AhÀ {InkvXym\nIÄ Xsó Bbncpóp. B aXNn´IÄ AhÀ¡v X\Xp kwkvImcs¯ Xmtemen¡m³ XSÊambncpónñ. kzmX{´yeÏn¡n¸pdw C{Xtbsd hÀj§Ä Ignªn«pw, {ZmhnU cm{ãob kwLS\IÄ¡ñmsX Hón\pw B `q{]tZi¯v B kmwkvImcnIm`nam\nIÄ CSw \ðInbnñ. F¦nð ]nsó F´psImïv aebmf¯n\pw B {]Xntcm[w km[n¨nñ...? AXn\v tIcf¯nsâ ]ptcmKa\ (?) Nn´Ifpw, cmãob {]_p²Xbpw Bbncn¡mw Hcp ImcWsaóv IcpXWw. . B hnjb§fnte¡v IS¡póXv Cu teJ\  ]c¼cbpsS ]cn[n¡p ]pd¯msW¦nepw, Hcp Imcyw {it²bamWv. tIcf¯nð Cóv hymhkmbnI kwcw`§fpanñ, ImÀjnI DuÀÖkzeXbpanñ. ]¨¡dnIÄ¡v AhÄ Xangp\m«nt\bpw, [m\y§Ä¡v B{Ôtbbpw, hymhkmbnI hn`h§Ä¡v tI{µ kw`mcs¯bpw (sk³{Sð ]qÄ) B{ibn¡póp. AXpsImïp Xsó sXmgnehkc§Ä tXSn ChnSs¯ sNdp¸¡mÀ¡v tIcf¯n\v ]pdt¯¡v t\mt¡ïn hóp.   aebmfn ad¡pó ip²aebmfw  t{iWnbnse apgph³ hmb\bv¡v:    aebmf`mjm {]tbmK§fpsS hniIe\§fntebv¡v Hsc¯nt\m«w: aebmfn ad¡pó ip²aebmfw  DuÀ²z³ hen¡pó aebmfw: `mKw Hóv: ip²aebmfw? DuÀ²z³ hen¡pó aebmfw:  `mKw cïv: F´n\p `mj? DuÀ²z³ hen¡pó aebmfw:  `mKw aqóv: `mjbpw kwkvImchpw  DuÀ²z³ hen¡pó aebmfw: `mKw \mev: A\y`mjm cXnIÄ DuÀ²z³ hen¡pó aebmfw: `mKw Aôv: A`ymk sshIrXw tIcf¯n\v ]pd¯v tPmen In«Wsa¦nð aebmfw am{Xw Adnªncpómð t]mcm, kaImenI cm{ãirwJebmb BwKteb¯ns\ BtÇjn¡Wsaópw hóp tNÀóp. AXn\v, irwJem`mjbmbn¯oÀó (en¦n§v emwtKzPv) BwKew IqSn A`ykn¨mð aXn. AXn\p ]Icw, aebmf amXmhnsâ s\ô¯v I¯nbnd¡n, B s]ä½sb AXnZmcpWhpw, A]lmkyhpamb hn[¯nð, hnIrXthjw sI«n¨v, Ipgn¨p aqSnbmepw, AÑ\mcv A½bmcv Fódnbm¯ BwKe inJÞnsb, AXns\ am{Xw ]Tn¨mð aXn, asäñmw AXneqsS ]Tn¨mð aXn, Fóp Xocpam\n¨ aebmfn _p²n F´p hn[nssh]coXy¯mð hóp tNÀtóm Ft´m..! ChnsSbmWv hnjbhpw (k_vPÎv) am²yahpw (aoUnbw) Xncn¨dnbm\pÅ hnthN\ _p²n aebmfn¡nñmsX t]mbXv.

A\y`mjm cXnI: Duz henp aebmfw `mKw \mev

aäp ]e `mjIÄ¡pw DÅXnt\ImÄ kzmwioIcW tijn aebmf¯n\pÅXmtWm AhfpsS Cós¯ AhØ¡v ImcWw Fópt]mepw ]et¸mgpw F\n¡p tXmónbn«pïv. aebmf`mjm kmlnXy Ncn{Xw hmbn¡pó BÀ¡pw a\Ênem¡mhpó Hcp hkvXpXbmWv aebmfw BZyIme¯v sN´angnsâ Hcp ]cnWmaambncpóp FóXv. Xangnsâbpw kwkvIrX¯nsâbpw hymIcWw, Oµkv, ]Zmhen Fónh \nÀtem`w kzoIcn¨mWv aebmfw hfÀóXv. ]e ]ÞnXòmcpw, aebmf¯nð \nómWv Xangv kzmwioIcn¨Xv Fóv hmZn¡mdpsï¦nepw, cïphn[¯nepw kwibanñm¯hn[w Øm]n¡m³, BZyIme Ncn{XteJ\§fpsS A]cym]vXX hnLmXamhpóp. aebmf¯nse BZyIme \mSI§Ä kwkvIrX \mSI ssienbnð, Ipsd A[nIw Xangv \mSI ssien IeÀ¯nbXmbncpóp. kq{X[mc\pw hnZqjI\pw \Snbpw aäpw kwkvIrX ssienbnð \nóp ISóphót¸mÄ, \mbIsâ imkv{Xob cmKmem]\bpw, ]m«p ]mSepw aäpw Xnangv ssienbnð \nópw {]thin¨p. Fkv. Pn. In«¸bpsS "FhcWn" bpw, Pn. F³. _mekp{_ÒWy¯nsâ (Pn. F³. _n) bpsS "lntµmf" hpw aäpw \mSIkvtäPnð IïXv, lrZb¯nð Xmtemen¡póhÀ, ]gb Xeapdbnð Cópw kpe`w. Fómð aebmf¯n\v kz´w A´À[mcIÄ¡\pkcn¨v, Hcp \mSIssien cq]s¸Sp¯nsbSp¡m³ Ignªp FóXmWv ]nð¡me \mSINcn{Xw shfns¸Sp¯póXv. sI.]n.F.kn bpw aäpw kaImenI {]iv\§sf bYmXYambn \mSI¯nð sImïphóXv, KZykmlnXy¯ns\mcp apXðIq«pambn.  AXns\ms¡ ap³]p Xsó ]mÝmXy kzm[o\ ^eambn IhnXbpsS am{Xambncpó temI¯nð \nópw, IYbpsS temI¯nte¡v, aebmfw F¯nbncpóp. BZy e£Wbpà t\mhemb CµpteJ 1889 ð P\n¡póXn\v A[nIw ap³]ñ, 1871 ð adm¯nbnepw 1882 ð lnµnbnepw t\mhepIÄ P\n¨Xv.  XpSÀópÅ KZykmlnXyw ap³]dª ]nðIme \mSI kmlnXys¯bpw Gsd kzm[o\n¡pIbpïmbn. Ne¨n{X§fpsS BKa\w \mSIs¯ XfÀ¯nbXp t]mse Xsó, Zqc{Zi\ (sSenhnj³) kwhn[m\w Ne¨n{Xs¯bpw XfÀ¯n. F´pw {]ZÀin¸n¡msaóXpw, XmtcmZbhpw, bphm¡fpsS tað Cu cïp am[ya§Ä¡pw kzm[o\w hÀ[n¸n¡m³ CS\ðIn. Ne¨n{X ZqcZÀi\ am[ya§fpsS Cu Hcp kzm[o\ ]cnWma¯nsâ Ccpï hiw cïp coXnbnð Ch \½psS kwkvImcs¯ ]nSnapdp¡n FóXmWv. Hóv, FgpXs¸« kmlnXyw hmbn¡pt¼mÄ hmb\¡mc\v thïpó `mh\m hnemk¯n\v ISnªm¬ hoWp FóXv. cïv,  BkzZn¡m³ a\Êpw _p²nbpw H¸w thïXnep]cn BkzmZ\ ]cnioe\hpw IqSn thïnbncpó, Poh¯mbn {]ISn¸n¡s¸Spó IYIfn, IqSnbm«w, \r¯w, imkv{Xob kwKoXw Fónh BkzmZIÀs¡mcp `mcambn tXmón XpS§n FóXv. A{Xbpañ taev]dª aebmf ]mc¼cy IeIÄ BkzZn¡m\pÅ kab kue`hpw PohnX thKw IqSnb C¡me¯v, kpe`añmXmbn. NeNn{Xhpw ZqcZÀi\hpw kzXth Xsó ]cnanXamb XncioebnemWv ImWpóXv. Fómð, aebmf IeIÄ t\cn«mkzZn¡pó A\p`hw Ah tcJs¸Sp¯n (sdt¡mÀUv) ImWpóXnð In«nñ. A§ns\ A´À²mcIfnð \nópw A\y`mjmcXnIfnð \nópw iànbmÀÖn¨v aebmfw aptódpt¼mgmWv aebmf¯nsâ ZpÀ±i hnZym`ymkcoXnIfneqsS {]Xy£s¸«Xv.  

aebmfn adp ipaebmfw: hrXmf `mKw 3

aebmfn ad¡pó ip²aebmfw: hr¯Xmf§Ä `mKw 3  añnI¯mfw  "\n§sfsâ Idp¯ a¡sf Np«p Xnóptóm?  \n§fhcpsS \ndªI®pIÄ NqgvsóSp¡ptóm?  \n§Ä R§sS IpgnamSw IpfwtXmïptóm?  \n§tfmcv¡pI \n§sf§s\ \n§fmsbóv"  s\ôIw Nps«Sp¯ ]SbWn¯mfhpambn aebmf¯nâ Ihnbc§pIfnð IS½\n«bpsS Ipd¯n ]mSnbpdªXv ]XnämïpIfv¡pap¼mbncpóp. ]mXmf¸ShpIÄ Ibdn ]mªphó ]db¸S ]p\Øm]n¨Xv sshtZinI B[p\nIXbpsS  A[n\nthi¯n\papIfnð \m«pX\nabpsS B[p\nIXbmbncpóp. hr¯¯nsemXp¡m³ ]äm¯ IpdphcnIfpw \oï hcnIfpw CSIeÀ¯nbmWv IS½\n« IhnXIÄ \ncv½n¨ncn¡pó sX¦nepw ]SbWnbpsS NSpeXbmcvó Hcp Xmf{Iaw KZyhcnIfnðt¸mepw DÄt¨Àóncn¡póXpImWmw. Ipd¯nbnð Ggpam{XIfnð hcpó 'añnI¯mfw' XsóbmWv apg§nt¡Ä¡pósXóv ]cntim[n¨mð a\ÊnemIpw. ImIfn¯mfhpw IS½\n« D]tbmKn¨n«pïv.    C¯cw ÇYhr¯§sf Xmf{Ia¯nev¯só hcv¤oIcn¡mhpóXmWv.  "añnI¯m|fw\ncóm|tegpam{Xbn|e£c§Ä  OnóambK/ W§ft´y/ tNcv¯nSmwXm/ f{Iaw"    Fóv Cu Xmf¯n\pw e£WsagpXmw. Ggpam{XIÄ hcpó Htóm ctïm aqtóm \mtemAXnð IqSpXtem KW§fS§nb hcnIfpw OnóKW§fnð Ahkm\n¡pó hcnIfpw tNÀóphcpó sNmð¯mfs¯ Cu e£WwsImïv \nÀhNn¡mhpóXmWv. 'Np«pXnóp|tóm?' FóXnð 'tóm?' Fóv cïpam{XbpÅ OnóKW¯nð apdnªncn¡póXv {i²n¡pI. e£W¯nsâ cïmw]mZ¯nse A´yKWhpw Aôpam{XIÄ hcpó OnóKWamWv.  añnI¯mfw ImbecnI¯v "ImbecnI¯v hesbdnªt¸mÄ hfInep¡nb kpµco  s]®psI«n\v IpdnsbSp¡pt¼mÄ Hcp\dp¡n\p tNÀ¡tW"  lnµn ]mcUnIfnev\nóp apàambn aebmfkn\namkwKoXw kz´w Imenð \nebpd¸n¨Xv sI.cmLh\pw ]n.`mkv¡c\pw tNÀsómcp¡nb \oe¡pbnense Km\§tfmSpIqSnbmWv. aebmf¯n\p kz´amb \mS³]m«pIfpsSbpw am¸nf¸m«pIfpsSbpw CuW§fnð ]p\krãn¨ Cu Km\§Ä BkzmZIlrZb§fnð Imbtemf§fmbn AebSn¨p.  'añnI'bnepÅ almIhn Ipamc\mimsâ:  "l´ NmcpISm£ameIfÀ¡civanbnð \o«nbpw  Nn´bmw aWnaµnc¯nð hnf§paois\tbmÀ¡ \o" Fó {]mÀ°\mKm\hpambn Xmfkmayapsï¦nepw CXv hÀ®hr¯\n_Ôamb añnIbñ. añnI¯mfw Ggpam{XIfnð hcpt¼mÄ Xcwt]mse eLpabam¡nb Ggpam{XIfpÅ aqópKW§fpw, Aôpam{XbpÅ OnóKWhpw sImïp s\bvsXSp¯mWv ]n.`mkv¡c³ hesbdnbpóXv. CXns\ eLpañnI¯mfw Fóp hnfn¡póXð sXänñ. Kpcphns\ eLp¡fm¡pt¼mÄ A£c§fpw IqSpóXpsImïv CXv am{Xmhr¯amWv. IS½\n«bpsS Ipd¯nbnepw aäpw añnI¯mfw ]SbWn¯mfamIpóXpw \mw Iïphtñm.  ImIfn¯mfw  "ImsShnsS a¡tf  tasShnsS a¡tf  Im«p]qtômebpsS thschnsS a¡tf"  "]n³hnfn hnfn¡msX  angn\ocp sImsïsâ IgepsI«msX"  "lcnXarZpIôpIw sXsñmóp \o¡n \o-  bcpfnbap/e¸mevIp/Sn¨qsX/gp¯hcv/ s¡mcpZml/apïmsbm/Sp¡s¯/Zmlw"  A¿¸¸Wn¡cpsS 'ImsShnsSa¡tf' _meN{µ³ NpÅn¡mSnsâ 'bm{Xmsamgn' H, F³. hn. Ipdp¸nsâ '`qans¡mcp NcaKoXw' Fóo IhnXIfnse hcnIfmWnh. hcn\of¯n\p hyhØbnñm¯Xn\mð hr¯¯nsemXp¡m³ ]änsñ¦nepw {ipXna[pchpw ImcyKcnabpsam¯nW§nb Hcp Xmf{Iaw DS\ofapïv. B[p\nIXbpsS Ihnbc§pIfnepw Cet{ÎmWnIv am[ya§fnepw AebSn¨papg§nb, Cópw apg§ns¡mïncn¡pó Cu Xmfw 'ImIfn¯mf'amWv. "am{Xbô£cwaqóð" FómWv ImIfnt¯mXv. Fómev 'ImIfn¯mf'¯nð A£cw AôphscbmImw. eLqKpcp¡sf Cãm\pkcWw {IaoIcn¡pó an{iImIfnbpsS coXnbmWv ChnsSbpw kzoIcn¨ncn¡póXv.    "ChnsSb¼mSnX³ HcptImWnecnba¬  IpSnenð Rm³ tahpsamcp ]mhw.. ..........................................  N]eImfnµnX³ IpfnceIfnð ]mXn-  apgpIn \mWn¨p angnIq¼n  hnd]qï ssI\o«n \ntómSp Rms\sâ  DSbmS hm§nbn«nñ  IrjvWm \osbsóbdnbnñ....."  cmkeoeIfpsS {]IS\]cXbv¡nSbnð IrjvW{]Wbs¯ \nÈÐkzImcyXbmbn DÅnsemXp¡nb Hcp tKm]I\yIbpsS Bß`mjWamWtñm kpKXIpamcnbpsS 'IrjvWm \osbsóbdnbnñ" Fó IhnX. B«psXm«nð apXð I\ev¡nS¡hsc a\pjyPnhnX¯nse \nXykmón²yamb hr£§sf D]mkn¨v lcnX IhnXIÄ sXmïs]m«n¸mSn\Só Ihbn{Xn, X³sd IhnX tImdnsh¨ ac§tfmtcmópw sh«nshfp¸n¡s¸Spt¼mgpw 'P\ð¨nñnð XeXñpó {`m´nsbt¸mse' \njv^eambnt¸mIpó sNdp¯p\nev¸v XpSÀópsImtïbncn¡póp. t]mcm«¯nsâ I\ðhgnIfn ð Imev]\nI`mh§Ä Icnªpt]mIpóXn\pap¼v, A¼eaWnIfnð sshcmKy¯n³sd HmwImc\mZw apg§póXn\pap¼v FgpXnsh¨ hnclImhy¯nse hnjbhpw IrjvW{]WbambXnð AÛpXanñ. {ipXnam[pcyhpw i¿mKpWhpapÅ 'ImIfn¯mf'¯nemWv Cu N]eImfnµnbpw HgpIn\o§póXv. "Abvam{XIfnð hcpw ImIfn¯mfhpw  OnóKWambv hcnIÄ \ncv¯mw"  Fóv Cu Xmfs¯ e£Ww sN¿mw. ASnIfnð Hcp KWwapXð hcnIfmImw. -"bcpfnbape¸mð..." Fó hcnbnð Aôp am{XIÄ hcpó Ggp KW§fpw \mepam{XIÄ hcpó Hcp OnóKWhpapïv.  aZaÙc¯mfw  "Cuä¸pen| t\mäpInS¡pw| Cud³ I®pXp| dn¨pw  IcnaqÀJ³| hmenð¨pcpfpw| ]pcnIw ]mXnh| f¨pw  s\ôs¯mcp| ]´w Ip¯n| \nev¸q Im«mf³"  DÅnð timI¯nsâ I\secnbpt¼mgpw ]SbWnbpsS ]Sl[z\nbpbcv¯n aebmfIhnXbnð Icp¯nsâ hncmScq]ambn s\ô¯v ]´wIp¯n\nó Im«mf³ IS½\n« cmaIrjvW³Xsóbmbncpóp. NSpeXmf§sf ]Z§fnemhmln¡m³ Ihn Dcp¡nbSp¯ hr¯§Ä Ipô³ Xmfs¸Sp¯nb añnIbpw aZaÙcbpw XcwKnWnbpwsams¡¯só.  ']dbdbpw XmfwsIm«n' 'IWtbä Icn¼pent]mse' ]mSnbpdª Xmfw 'aZaÙc'bmWv. hcn\of§fv¡p \n_Ô\ ]men¡m¯ IhnXIsf Xmf{Ia¯nð hr¯\ncv®bw sN¿mhpóXmsWóp kqNn¸n¨phtñm.   "Bsd«pw bXnbmbv am{XIÄ" FómWv aZaÙcbpsS \n_Ô\. F¦nepw 'aZaÙc¯mf'¯nev KWkwJybnð IrXyXbnñ. Nðhgnbnð Bdpam{X hcpó BZyKWhpw XpScvóv F«pam{XmKW§fpw HSphð OnóKWhpamImw.  "BZyKWw| am{XbXmdnð| F«mbnXcK|W§Ä  aZaÙc|XmfanXtñm| \ncv¯mw OnóK|W¯ð"  Fóp]dªð ]mZ¯n³sd e£yhpw e£Whpambn. ]mZ§Ä OnóKW§fnepw Ahkm\n¸n¡mw. bXnbnev ]vfpX§fmbn {lkzm£c§fv ZocvLamImw. ']´w Ip¯n' FóXnse '¯n' ZÀLm£camWv.  

`mjbpw kwkvImchpw: Duz henbvp aebmfw `mKw aqv

kwkvIrXw PòtZiamb `mcX¯nð Cóv acn¨ `mjbmbmWv IW¡m¡s¸SpóXv. B `mjbnð FgpXs¸« Fñm {KÙ§fpw, Cópw \ne\nð¡pópïv. `mcXob ss]XrImwK§fmb Fñmw Xsó kwkvIrX¯nemWv FgpXs¸«ncn¡póXv. thZ§Ä, ]pcmW§Ä, BKa§Ä, \nKa§Ä, kv½rXnIÄ, \mSI§Ä, Imhy§Ä, imkv{X{KÙ§Ä, A§ns\ A§ns\ Fñmw. ]c{´okpw shÅ¡mcpamb hc¯òmÀ `mcX¯nse¯n t]¡q¯mSnbtXmsS B kphÀ®Imew AkvXan¨p. C{Xsbms¡ Dïmbn«pw kwkvIrXw acn¨p Fóp ]dbpóXn\p ImcWw? ImcWw, Bcpw Cóv kwkvIrXw kwkmcn¡pónñs{X. A§ns\bmsW¦nð aebmfhpw acn¨ntñ? Ipsd Cw¥ojv ]dbpóXn\nS¡v Ipd¨v aebmf ]Z§Ä hnIrXambn D¨cn¨mð aebmfw Pohn¡pIbmsW¦nð, Ipsd aebmf]Z§Ä ]dbpóXn\nS¡v kwkvIrX ]Z§Ä, AXpw ip²ambn D¨cn¨mð, kwkvIrXw AXns\¡mÄ DPzeambn Pohn¡póntñ? hntijn¨pw, aebmf¯nse hfscb[nIw ]Z§fpw kwkvIrtXmZv`qXamWv FópÅXn\mð.F{Xbpw {]uVbmb aebmf `mj F§ns\ Cu acW¡nS¡ hscsb¯n? CXt\zjn¡póXv ckIcamsW¦nepw lrZbt`ZIamWv. \½psS A½ acW¡nS¡bnð InS¡pt¼mÄ \ñ NnInðkIÄ \nÀt±in¡pIbpw Ah \S¸nð hcp¯pIbpamWv thïXv. F¦nepw F§ns\ CXp kw`hn¨p Fó Adnhv, C\nbpw Ahsf Fgpt\äp \S¯n¡m³ klmbns¨¦ntem! `mj kwkvImc¯nsâ BWn¡ñmWv, B[mcinebmWv, s\Spw XqWmWv, s\ñn¸eIbmWv. kwkvImcw Hcp P\XXnbpsS kmlnXy¯nsâ, IebpsS, `£WssienbpsS, hkv{X[mcWcoXnIfpsS, kmaqly \nbamhenIfpsS kamlmchpw. kmlnXyw, IY IhnX \mSIw, apXembhbneqsSbpw, Ie, hmZyw \r¯w, kwKoXw, \mSImhnjvImcw XpS§nbhbneqsSbpw \ne\nð¡póp.Hcp kwkvImcw càip²ntbmSpw t]io_et¯mSpw IqSn \ne\nð¡Wsa¦nð, AXn\v kz´w A´À[mcIsf Xncn¨dnªv km£mðIcn¡pótXmsSm¸w, AtcmKyIcamb A\ykwkvImc cXnbneqsS _mly \òIsf kzmwioIcn¡m\pw IgnhpïmhWw. AXn\v B kwkvImc¯nsâ `mj¡v iànbpïmhWw. aebmfkwkvImc¯nsâ A´À[mcIÄ {i²n¨mð aebmf IemcwK¯nsâ hfscb[nIw {]tXyIXIÄ hfsc {]ISamWv. temIs¯ Gähpw ]gb \mSIkt¦Xambn temI kwkvImc kwLS\ AwKoIcn¨n«pÅXv aebmfnbpsS IqSnbm«s¯bmWv. `mksâbpw _mW`«sâbpw aäpw \mSI§fnse Hcp cwKw ]e cm{XnIfneqsSbmWv \SòmÀ AhXcn¸n¨ncpóXv. `cXsâ \mSyimkv{Xw C{Xb[nIw BßmÀ°XtbmsS D]tbmKn¨v \hck§fpsSbpw amäpc¨v ImWnIsf AXyp¨¯nepÅ atätXm sshImcnI temI¯nte¡v DbÀ¯nbncpó thsdmcp kt¦Xhpw A¡mes¯óñ Cópw Cñ. AXp a\Ênem¡Wsa¦nð AXns\ ]än hmbn¨n«p am{Xw Imcyanñ, kPohamb cwKmhXcWw (ssehv s]Àt^ma³kv) ImWpI Xsó thWw. \r¯w, \mSyw, \mSIw, IhnX, kwKoXw, Xmfw - CsXñmw tNÀó IYIfn¡v Xpeyamsbmcp \r¯\mSI ssien temIs¯§pw ImWm\nñm¯Xp XsóbmWv B Ie¡v temIsam«msI C{X {]ikvXnbpw, AXp ]Tn¡m³ C{Xb[nIw ]ctZinIfpw hóptNcm³ ImcWw. sNï Fó hmZtym]IcWw sImïv ImhSnbm«¯n\pw aäpw H¸w XpÅn¨mSm³ am{Xw klmbIamIpó Nne sIm«papdIÄ am{Xta tIcf¯n\v ]pdtabpÅhÀ¡dnbq. \qdne[nIw IemImcòmÀ Hä {]IS\¯nð ]s¦Sp¡pó tIcf¯nsâ, ]ômcn, ]mïn apXemb sNïtaf It¨cnIÄ ]ctZinIÄs¡m¸w aäp `mcXobcpw hnkvabt¯msSbmWv t\m¡n\nð¡mdv. XriqÀ ]qc¯nsâ `mKambn AhXcn¸n¡s¸Spó Ceªn¯d ]mïn tafw tI«v Hcp ]mÝmXy kwKoX hnZzm³ tNmZn¨s{X: "F{X ]qÀhm`ymkw (dntlgvkð) sNbvXn«pïmhpw Cu kwLw (Sow) CXhXcn¸n¡póXn\p ap³]v?" Fóv. Hä ]qÀhm`ymkw t]mepw sNbvXn«nsñóp am{Xañ, ]e IemIcòmcpw tIcf¯nsâ ]e Øe§fnð \nópw Cósebpw CópambmWv hóp tNÀóXv FópwIqSn tI«t¸mÄ At±lw A¼cóp. A{Xam{Xw hnZKv[ambn sa\sªSp¯ kt¦X§fneqsSbmWv Cu It¨cn \S¡pó kabw kwLmwK§Ä Xmfw apdpIphm\pw, Xmf{Iaw amäphm\pw aäpw Nne Xebm«epIfneqsS kwhZn¡póXv. Fón«pw Hcp sNït¡mtem, Hcp Ce¯mf aÀ±\tam, Hcp Ipgð-sIm¼p \mZ§tfm CSw sXäpónñ. a±fw, Xnane, Ce¯mfw, sIm¼v, CSbvI (Csñ¦nð iwJv) Cu Aôp hmZy§Ä tNÀó ]ôhmZyw sNïtaft¯¡mÄ imkv{Xobhpw hnkvabIchpamWv. CSbvI, Hcp sIm«phmZyamsW¦nepw AXnð Xmfw IqSmsX, k]vXkzc§fpw hmbn¡m³ IgnhpÅ amcmòmÀ \ap¡pïmbncpóp. tkm]m\kwKoX¯neqsS hnIkn¨phó IYIfn kwKoXw `mcXobkwKoXkmKc¯nð kz´amsbmcp AkvXnXz¯n\pSambmWv. IYIfn¡p]tbmKn¨phcpó IhnXIfpw {]uVkmlnXy¯n\v \nZm\§Ä Xsó. `cX\mSyw kzmwioIcn¨tXmsSm¸w X\Xmb tamln\nbm«hpw, Hm«³ XpÅepw \ap¡pïmbncpóp. ]SbWn¸m«pIÄ, sX¿w, Xnd, the, Ifsagp¯p ]m«v, ]pÅph³ ]m«v XpS§nbh \½psS sFXnly§fpsSbpw, ]gsômñpIfpsSbpw, kmaqly \nbamhenIfpsSbpw, Iem{]IS\§fmbncpóp.XmfhmZy sshhn[yX t]mse Xsó Bscbpw A¼cn¡póXmbncpóp, (AsX, Bbncpóp...!) \½psS `£W sshhn[yhpw. Hcp hmgbnebnð hnf¼nb hÀ®i_fhpw, jUvck k½nfnXhpamb DuWn\v Xpeyw \nð¡mhpó Hcp `£Wssien temIs¯§pw ImWm³ Ignbnñ Xsó. D¸v, ]pfn, ssI¸v, a[pcw, NhÀ¸v, Fcnhv Fón§ns\ Bdv ck§fpw tNÀó hn`h§Ä IqSnbXmsWmcp kZy!

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