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`mcXns kzw XpKvfv s_ tamZn, Xpns hnthI]qam {]hn tamZnbpw Bhnptm? sk lyp̬ hnebncppq

]ïv C´y almcmPyw apl½Zv _n³ Xp¢¡v Fsómcp cmPmhv `cn¨ncpóp. alm] ÞnX\pw ZoÀLho£WapÅ `cWm[nImcnbpambncpóp Xp¢¡v. Aópw Uðlnbmbncp óp Xp¢¡v km{amPy¯nsâ XeØm\w. HmÄUv Uðlnbmbncpóp. a«p¸mhnð \ntóm ]qt´m«¯nð \ntóm Dem¯ns¡mïncpó Xp¢¡nsâ Hgnª a\Ênð shdpsX Hcp Nn´ ISópIqSn Ct¸mhpÅ XeØm\amb Uðlnbnð \nóv XeØm\w amän tZhKn cnbnte¡v B¡pI. Uðln Xsâ km{amPy¯nsâ Hcä¯mWv. CXpsImïpXsó Fñm P\§Ä¡pw BhemXnIfpw Bhiy§fpw cmPmhns\ t_m[n¸n¡m³ Gsd _p²nap«mIpw. tZhKncnbmsW¦nð cmPy¯nsâ a²y¯nemWv. AXpsImïpXsó FñmhÀ¡pw Hcpt]mse Htc ZqctabpÅp F¯nt¨cm³. tZhKncn XeØm\ambmð ssk\y¯n\v Fñm`mK¯pw hfsc thKw F¯nt¨cm³ IgnbpsaóXmbncpóp Xp¢¡v Nn´n¨ cïmas¯ Imcyw At±lw Hcp AÀ²cm{Xnbnð P\t¯mSmbn {]Jym]n¨p Xsâ km{amPy¯nsâ XeØm\w amäm³ t]mIpópshóv. Aóp apXemWv `cWm[nImcnIÄ¡v AÀ²cm{Xn {]nbambn XpS§nbsXómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. F´mbmepw Xsâ cmPy¯nsâ XeØm\w Uðlnbnð \nóv tZhKncnbn te¡v amäpóXn\pÅ D¯chnd¡n. B D¯chnð At±lw Hcp Imcyw FSp¯p]dbp Ibpïmbn. UðlnbnepÅ P\§Ä AhÀ¡pÅ arK§tfbpw ho«p]IcW§tfbpw aäv Fñm hkvXphIIfpambn tZhKncnbnte¡v amdWw. tZhKncnbnepÅhÀ AXpt]mse Uðln¡pw. cmPmhnsâ D¯chtñ ]men¨nsñ¦nð Xe ImWnsñóv FñmhÀ¡pw A dnbmhpóXpsImïv AhÀ cmPmhnsâ D¯chv ]men¨psImïv a\Ênñm a\tÊmsS X§ fpsS a¡tfbpw arK§tfbpw ho«pkm[\§fpambn tZhKncnbnte¡v Xncn¨p. tZhKncn bnse BfpIÄ Xncn¨pw. ]IpXnbnð IqSpXð BfpIÄ IjvS¸mSv \ndª B bm{Xbnð ]ctemIs¯¯n. tZhKncnbnð F¯nbt¸mÄ Xp¢¡n\v a\Ênembn Xsâ Xocpam\w i cnbsñóv DS³ D¯chn«p hóXpt]mse Xncn¨p t]mIpIsbóv. Xp¢¡nsâ Cu {]hÀ¯n At±ls¯ s]mXpP\ a²y¯nð A]lmky\m¡n. XeØm\w amäpóXn\v P\s¯ apgph³ amänb Xp¢¡nsâ hnthI]qÀ®añm¯ {]hÀ¯n Ncn{X¯nð _p²nam\mb At±ls¯ aï³ `cW ]cnjv¡mc¯nsâ `cWm[n Imcnbmbn ap{ZIp¯s¸«p. GXv aï³ ]cnjv¡mcw Bcp \S¯nbmepw Xp¢¡v ]cnjv¡mcw Fóv hnfn¨v Ifnbm¡mdpïv. At±l¯nsâ Dt±iw \ñXpXsóbmbncpóp. ]s£ AXv \S¸m¡nb coXn sXämbnt¸mbn. CXp XsóbmWv tamUn kÀ¡mcn\pw kw`hn¨Xv. IŸWhpw IW¡nðs¸Sm¯ ]Whpw [mcmfw t]cpsS ssI¿nð DsïóXv \ntj[n¡m\mIm¯ ImcyamWv. AXv ]pd¯p sImïphcm\pw AhÀs¡Xnsc \S]SnsbSp¡m\pw thïnbmWv C§s\sbmcp \S]Sn¡v tamUn D¯chn«Xv. AXnð sXänñ. P\Xm Kh¬saâpw Hcn¡ð A{]Imcw sNbvXXmWv. AXv KpWhpw tZmjhpw Dïm¡nbn«pïv. tamUn C¯c¯nð Hcp \S]SnsbSp¯Xns\bñ AXv \S¸m¡nb coXnbmWv icnbmImsX t]mbXv. Hcp kp{]`mX¯nð \n§fpsS ssIhiancn¡pó ]W¯n\v bmsXmcp hnebpanñ. AXv _m¦nð F{Xbpw thKw sImSp¯v AXn\p ]Icw ]Ww hm§Wsaóp ]dªmð km[mcW¡mcmb P\§Ä ]cn{`m´cmIpsaódnbm³ henb A\p`hÚm\tam Bgtadnb ]T\tam \St¯ïXnñ. ]Wanñm¯ AhØbpsS IjvS¸mSpw _p²nap«pw Adnbmhpó km[mcW¡mcmb C´ybnse P\§Ä ]cn{`m´cmbn _m¦nte¡v HmSnbXnð AXnibnt¡ïXnñ. IŸWw kq£n¡póhtcbpw IÅt\m«pImtcbpw IpSp¡m\pw AXnñmXm¡m\papÅ \S]Snbmbncpóp t\m«v \ntcm[\sa¦nepw AXv \S¸m¡póXn\v ap³]v Nne X¿msdSp¸pIÄ \St¯ïnbncpóp. clkyambn Xsó sN¿póXnð Ipg¸anñ. Fómð GXv ASnb´ncL«hpw XcWw sN¿m³ _m¦pIÄ X¿msdSp¡Wsaóv apódnbn¸v _m¦pIÄ¡v sImSp¯mð AXv F´pambnsImÅs« _m¦pIÄ¡v AXymhiyw ap³IcpX epIÄ FSp¡m³ km[n¡pambncpóp. km¼¯nI Imcy§Ä¡p am{Xañ ssk\nI Imcy §fnepw C§s\ ASnb´ncL«§fnð clkyambn D¯chpIfpw \S]SnIfpw \S¯m dpïv. s]m{Im\nð BWh ]co£Ww \S¯nbXv. hfsc clkyambn«mbncpóp. {][m\ a{´n¡pw ssk\nI ta[mhnIÄ¡pw, tUm. F.]n.sP. A_vZpÄ Ieman\pañmsX BÀ¡pw Xsó Adnbnñmbncpóp hmPvt]bn a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯p \S¯nb BWh ]co£ W¯nsâ Imcyw ssk\ys¯ AhnsS Cd¡n kpc£ Dd¸m¡n bp²¯n\pÅ X¿msdSp ¸n\mWv ssk\yw F¯nbsXópw P\§Ä ASnb´ncL«¯nseót]mse X¿mdmbn \n ð¡WsaópapÅ ktµiambncpóp P\§Ä¡v \ðInbXv. CXpsImïpXsó P\w A Snb´nc L«w XcWw sN¿m³ X¿msdSpt¸mSpIqSn \nóp. BWh ]co£Ww \S¯n¡gn ªt¸mgmWv P\w AdnbpóXv AXn\mbncpóp Fóv. ASnb´nc L«¯nð F§s\ P \§sf kÖcm¡WsaóXn\v DZmlcWambn CXv ]dªpshtóbpÅp. hyàamb kqN\ \ðInbnsñ¦nepw ASnb´nc L«saó coXnbnð _m¦pIÄ¡v apódnbn¸v \ðInbncpsó¦nð Cu _p²nap«pIÄ Hcp ]cn[nhsc Hgnhm¡mambncpóp. km[mcW Znhk§fnð Xsó an¡ _m¦pIfnepw hfsctbsd Xnc¡pïmImdpïv. DÅ Poh\¡mtcbpw kuIcy§fpw H¸ns¨Sp¡m\mWv an¡ _m¦pIfpw {ian¡pI. At¸mÄ ]nsó P\kwJybpsS ap¡mð `mKhpw _m¦pIfnse¯nbmepÅ ØnXnsb´mIpw. Hcp kp{]`mX¯nð IqSpXð Poh\¡msc \nban¡m\mIptam. IqSpXð Poh\¡msc \nban¡m\mIm¯nSt¯mfw IqSpXð IuïdpIÄ Xpd¡m\pw km[n¡nñ. C§s\bpÅ _p²nap«pIfpïmIpsaóv Nn´n¡msX Hä cm{Xn sImïv Hcp D¯chnd¡nbXnsâ {]mtbmKnIX F´mWv. D¯chnd¡m³ {]bmkanñ. AXv Cd¡póXn\p ap³]v AXnsâ `hnj¯pw _p²nap«pw a\Ênem¡n AXv Hgnhm¡n \S¸m¡nbncpsó¦nð P\¯n\v C{Xtbsd _p²nap«pw {]bmkhpw t\cnSnñmbncpóp. _p²nap«\p`hn¨pÅht\ AXnsâ IjvS¸mSv Fs´ódnbq. {]mtbmKnI _p²nap«v Hgnhm¡n ap³IcpXtemsS \S ¸m¡nbncpsó¦nð CXv C{X tað P\¯n\pw _m¦v Poh\¡mÀ¡pw _p²nap«pïm¡p Ibnñmbncpóp. AXv h³ hnPbambn¯ocpIbpw sNbvtXs\. \qän¸¯v tImSn P\§fpÅ C´ybnð IŸWw ]qgv¯nh¨ncn¡póXpw IÅ t\m«v hn\nabw \S¯póXpw tIhew 10 iXam\t¯mfamWv. Fón«v Chsc Bscsb¦nepw ]nSn¡m³ Ignªpthm. Chcnð BÀs¡¦nepw shbnepw aªpw agbpw \\ªv Znhk§tfmfw t\m«v amdm³ _m¦n\v apónð Iyq \nðt¡ïnhón«ptïm? ]¯v iXam\w BfpIÄ¡pthïn sXm®qdv iXam\w BfpIsf IjvSs¸Sp¯pó tamUn X{´w A]mcw Xsó. AXn\pÅ \ymboIcWhpw hneIpdª ]»nknänbpw AXnt\¡mÄ `b¦cw Xsó. AXn\v sXm®qdv Ignªv \S¡m³t]mepw ]mSnñm¯ kz´w A½sb Cd¡n Hcp \ymboIcWhpw. hmÀ²Iy¯nemb A½sb kwc£nt¡ï NpaXe a¡Ä¡mWv B hmÀ²Iy¯nemb A½bmtWm _m¦nse Iyqhnð \nðt¡ïnbncpóXv aI\mbncptóm. B A½bv¡pthïn aI\mb tamUn Iyqhnð \nóncpsó¦nð tamUn al XzapÅh\mbncptós\. kz´w A½sb t]mepw IjvSs¸Sp¯pó Cu aI\v cmPy¯nse P\§sf kwc£n¡m\mIpsaómtWm Ct¸mgpÅ tNmZyw. CXv Hcev]w IqSnt¸mbn Ftó ]dbm\pÅp. Aw_m\n IpSpw_¯ns\ Cd¡nbpÅXmbncpóp ASp¯Xv. Aw_m\n IpSpw_amtWm \qdv tImSnbnð¸capÅ P\§fpsS {]Xn\n[n. thm«v sNbvXp hcpó Hcp t^mt«mbpambn tamUn `àÀ Aw_m\n¡mImsa¦nð km[mcW¡mÀ¡mbn¡qsSsbóv tNmZyw tNmZn¡pt¼mÄ km[mcW¡mcmb P\¯nsâ ]WamWv tamUn sb tImSoizc\m¡nbsXsó ]dbm\pÅp. tamUnbpsS Dä an{Xamb AZm\nsbs¡mïv Hcp alm{]kvXmh\ Cd¡nbXmWv asämóv. AZm\n sImSp¡m\pÅ \nIpXn¸Wapsï¦nð C´ybnse ]«nWn¸mh§fpsSsbñmw hni¸S¡m³ Ignbpw. At±l¯nsâ \nIpXn IpSnÈnJ Ggmbncw tImSnbmsWómWv IW¡v. tamUnbpsS HuZmcyhpw H¯mibpw sImïmWv AZm\n ]pd¯nd§n IpSnÈnJ sImSp¡msX \S¡póXv. \Zm\nbpsS Cu {]kvXmh\ ]pIgv¯ð ]q¨]m epIpSn¡póXpt]msesbóXv BÀ¡pw a\ÊnemIpw. kXy¯nð C¯cw {]kvXmh\IÄ sImïpw {]hÀ¯nIÄsImïpw tamUn A]lmky\mbn amdpIbmWpïmbXv. kz´w a{´nk`mwK§sft¸mepw Adnbn¡msX tamUn t\m«v \ntcm[\w \S¯nsbóv _n.sP.]n. hmgv¯p t¼mÄ AXnð Hcp tNmZyw Hfnªncn¸pïv. C{X hnizmkanñm¯hsc F´n\v IqsS sImïp\S¡póp. Asñ¦nð Ahsc tamUn shdpw ]mhIfmbn«mtWm ImWpóXv. kz´w a{´nk`mwK§sf hnizmkanñm¯ Hcp {][m\a{´nbmWv C´ybptSsXóXv Gsd hnNn{XamWv. Adnbnt¡ïhscsbms¡ Adnbn¨v AhcpsS sbms¡ ]Ww kpc£nXam¡n tamUn ]pWyhmf\mbt¸mÄ P\w aïòmÀ am{Xañ A SnaIsft¸mse tamUnbpsS ap³]nð Hcp t\cs¯ A¸¯n\mbn bmNn¡póhcmbn. ]W¯n\p ]Icw km[\§Ä {Ibhn{Ibw \S¯nbncpó B ]gb Ime¯nte¡v B[p\nI temI¯nse C´ym¡msc tamUn sImïp t]mbn. ]WanñmsX hót¸mÄ BfpIÄ km[\§Ä ]W¯n\p]Icw ssIamdm³ XpS§n¡gnªp. A§s\ ]eXpw. Npcp¡¯nð tamUnbpsS t\m«v ]cnjv¡mc§ÄsImïv im]tam£w In«nbXv Xp¢ ¡n\mWv. C\nbpw Xp¢¡v ]cnjv¡mcsaóv ]dbmsX tamUn ]cnjv¡mcsaóp ]dbmw. ]cnjv¡mc§Ä \ñXmWv AXv P\¯n\v D]Imc{]Zhpw kuIcy¯n\pw thïnbmIWw. Csñ¦nð AXv hn]coX ^ehpw P\t{Zml]chpambncn¡pw.

Atacn {]knUv XncsSpv kwhmZw, lnecnbpw {Sw]pw t\p t\, Atacn teJI hnebncppq

Atacn¡³ {]knUâv XncsªSp¸nse Gähpw {][m\ s¸«XmWv Øm\mÀ°n-IÄ X½nepÅ Unt_äv. cïv Unt_äpIÄ CXnt\mSIw Ignªp. BZyt¯Xnð lnecn anón¯nf§nbt¸mÄ {Sw-]v \ôv Ign¨ ao\ns\t¸m-sebmbn. dn¸»n¡³ Unt_änð FXncmfnIsf aeÀ¯nbSn¨v kq¸À Xmcamb {Sw]ns\bñ lnecnbpambpÅ BZy Unt_änð P\w IïXv. A²ym]Isâ tNmZy¯n\v D¯cw ap«n \nð¡pó Asñ¦nð D¯cw X¸n\S¡pó ]mhw Ip«nbpsS AhØbmbncpóp {Sw]ns\ Iït¸mÄ tXmónbXv. Fómð AXnð \nóv Gsd Zqcwt]mbn HIv-tSm_À 9\v \Só Unt_änð {Sw]v Fóp Xsó ]dbmw. s]mXpsh Kuch¡mc\mb {Sw]nsâ apJ¯v Bßhnizmk¯nsâ aµlmkw Dïmbnsbóp ]dbmw. Fómð lnecnbpsS apJ¯v Nncnbpïmsb¦nepw AXn\v {]Imiw Ipdhm-bncpóp. ssk¡nfnð \nóv hoWXv Bsc¦nepw Iïmð DïmIpó Ip«nbpsS apJs¯ NncnbmWv AXv Iït¸mÄ tXm ónt¸mbXv. ]cmPbs¸Sptam Fó Bi¦ apän \nð¡pó apJ`mhambncpóp Ah-cptSsXóv kwibw IqSmsX ]dbmw. Atacn¡³ {]knU³jyð Unt_änse Gähpw tamiamb Unt_ämbncp-óp cïmw {]mhiyw \Só Unt_äv. Atacn¡bpsS Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw tamiamb Unt_-äv Fóp ]dªmð AXnð AXn itbmànbnñ. Atacn¡sbó temI¯nse Gähpw iàamb cmPy¯nsâ {]knUâv Øm\mÀ°nIÄ ]ck]vcw sNfnhmcnsbdnªpsImïv t]mÀhnfn \S¯nbXv A-tacn¡³ P\X am{Xañ temIw apgph³ ImWpIbpïmbn. atäsXmcp cmPy¯nsebpw tZiob XncsªSp¸nð Øm\mÀ°nItfm cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nItfm apóWnItfm t]mÀhnfn \S¯nbmepw sNfnhmcn-sbdnªmepw AsXmópw Bcpw {i²n¡mdnñ. Fómð tImSn ¡W¡n\v BfpIfmWv temI¯nsâ \m\m`mK§fnð \nóv Atacn¡³ {]knUâv XncsªSp¸nse Unt_äv ho£n¡póXv. AXpsImïpXsó Cu sNfnhmcnsbdnbepw t]m ÀhnfnIfpw temIw Im-Wpópïmbncpóp. Atacn¡bpsS cmjv{Sob{]_p²X temIP\X Iïv A´whn«pt]mbn. hÀ¤obhmZhpw \nIpXn¸Wsh«n¸pw \S-¯nsbó Btcm]Whpambn am{Xañ lnecn Cu¯hW {Sw]ns\Xnsc hóXv kv{Xo-ItfmSpÅ At±l¯nsâ k-ao]\hpw A`n{]mbhpw kv{XoIsf AS¨mt£]n¡pó co-XnbmsWóv apJ¯Sn¨psImïmWv hóXv. {Sw]v {]knUâmbmð Atacn¡bpsS t]cpw {]ikv{Xnbpsañmw IfªpIpfn¡p saómWv AhcpsS B-tcm]Whpw Bi¦bpw. lnecn¡v ]¦pÅ Csabnð hnhmZs¯¡pdn-¨v At\zjn¨v Ahsc Pbnen-eS¡m\pÅ {iaambncn¡pw Xm³ {]knUâmbmð BZyw sN¿pIsbóXmWv {Sw]v AXn\p adp]Sn ]dªXv. CXptI«v lnecn am{Xañ Ahsc ]n´pWbv¡póhcpw Hóp sR«nsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. {Sw]v shdpwhm¡v ]dbpóh\ñ {]knUâmbmð AXv Xsóbmbncn¡pw sN¿pIsbóv FñmhÀ¡pw Adnbmhpó ImcyambXpX só AXn\p ImcWw. AXp IqSmsX ¢nâ³ `cWIme¯v \Só AÇoe§fpw {Sw]v ]pds¯Sp¯v lnecns¡Xn-sc BªSn¡pIbpïmbn. XcwXmWcoXnbnð CcpIq«cpw At§m«pant§m«pw Gäpap«nbt¸mÄ P\w hnebncp¯n N¡ns¡m¯ N¦c³ Xsósbóv. Ccphcpw AhcpsS \nehmc¯IÀ¨ {]I-Sn¸n¨psbómWv P\w Ct¸mÄ hnebncp¯póXv. AXpsImïpXsó Ccphtcbpw Htc Afhnð XsóbmWv P\w ImWpóXpw. Ccphcpw B Itkc¡v tbmKycsñóp t]mepw ]ecpw hnebncp¯pI-IqSnbpïmbn. {]Xn]£ _lpam \saó acymZt]mepw C-cpIq«cpw ]men¨nñmsbóXmWv s]mXpshbpÅ A`n{]mbw. aqómwInS cmjv{Sob¡mcp-sS XcwXmW Ihe{]kwKw t]mse AXv Xcw XmWpt]m-bnsbópt]mepw hnebncp¯s¸ Spópïv. {][m\ hnj-b§fnð \nsóñmw Ccphcpw hyXn Nen¡póXmbn«mWv ImWm³ IgnªXv. AXnð \nsóñmw hgpXnt]mIpópsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. bqWnthgvknän ]T\ ¯nsâ Imcyw Xsó DZmlc Wambn ]dbmw. Hcp e£¯n Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bnð Xmsg hmÀjnI hcpam\apÅ hÀ¡v bqWnthgvknän ]T\w kuP\yambncn¡psaómWv lnecn hmKvZm\w sNbvXXv. FhnsS \nóv AXn\v ]Ww Isï¯psaóv AhÀ ]dbpónñ. AXv Hcp sNdnb XpItbm sNdnb ]²Xntbm Añ. A§s\sbmcp ]²Xn hómð AXnsâ B\pIqeyw ]äpóhcmWv GItZiw \mð]¯ôv iXam\t¯mfw. ImcWw A{Xbpw BfpIÄ¡v Cu ]dª XpIbnð XmsgbmWv hmÀjnI hcpam\apÅp. AXp sImïpXsó A§s\sbmcp hmKvZm\w \ðInbmð Ahsc ssI¿nseSp¡m³ Ign-bpsaómWv lnecn IcpXpóXv. ] s£ AXn\pÅ ]Ww FhnsS \nsóóv AhÀ hyàam¡pónñ. sUtam{ImänIv Øm\mÀ°n aÕc¯nð lnecnbpsS apJy FXncmfnbm-bncpó km³tUgvkv bqWnth-gvknän ]T\w ]qÀ®ambpw kuP \yambncn¡psaóv {]Jym]n¡pIbpïmbn. Fómð AsX§s\sbóv At±lt¯mSp tNmZn¨t¸mÄ AXn\t±l¯n\v D¯canñmbncpóp. At±lw aÕc¯nð \nóv ]pdIn te¡v t]mbXn\v Hcp ImcWw AXv shdpw hmKvZm\w am{XamsWóv At±l¯nsâ A\pbmbnIÄ t]mepw Nn´n-¨psbóXmWv kXyw. FhnsS \nóv ]Ww Isï¯psaópIqSn lnecn hyàam¡nbncpsó¦nð AXv shdpw hmKvZm\asñóp ]dbmw. thm«v In«m³ thïnbpÅ Hcp X{´amtWmsbóm-Wv P\w Ct¸mÄ Nn´n¡póXv. {Sw]v AXns\¡pdn¨v A[n-Isamópw Xsó ]dbm¯XpsImïv At±lw {]knUâm-bn hómð Ct¸mgpÅ coXn Xsó XpScpsaóp IcpXmw. kzhÀ¤ hnhmls¯¡pdn¨pÅ A`n{]mbamWv asämóv. X§Ä ]qÀ®ambpw kzhÀ¤ hnhmls¯ ]n´pWbv¡ptómsbóv hyàambn ]dbpónñ. tPm¬ sIdn {]knUâv Øm\t¯¡v aÕcn¨t¸mÄ At±ls¯ Ipg¸n¨ cïv hnjb§fmbncpóp kzhÀ¤ hnhmls¯¡pdn¨pw KÀ`On{Zs¯¡pdn¨papÅh. It¯men¡mk` iàambn FXnÀ¯ncpó cïv hnjb§fmbncpóp Ch cïpw. It¯men¡m k`mwKamb At±lt¯mSv CXnð F´p \ne]msSSp¡psaó tNmZy¯n-\v At±lw AXns\ ]n´pW-bv¡pópsbóv ]dªt¸mÄ bmYmØnXnIcpw Atacn¡bnse k`mhnizmknIfnð `qcn`mKhpw FXnÀ¯psImïv cwK¯phcnIbpïmbn. sIdnbpsS ]cmPb¯nsâ Hcp ImcWaXmbncpópsbómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. kzhÀ¤ hnhml s¯¡pdn¨pÅ \ne]mSv lnecn amän ]dbpópsbóXmWv Gsd ckIcw. Hcn¡ð AXns\ ]n´pW¨t¸mÄ ]nóoSv AXns\ FXnÀ¯psbómWv tkmjyð aoUnbmbnð¡qSn hoUntbm klnXw ]pd-¯phn«ncn¡póXv. lnecn C§s\ amän ]dbpóXnsâ Dt±iw FXnÀ¡póhcptSbpw ]n´pWbv¡pó hcptSbpw thm«v e£y am¡nbmsWóv hyàamWv. Cu hnjb¯nð X{´]camb Hcp hgpXnt]m¡v A-XmsW¦nepw Hcn¡ð FSp¯ \ne]mSnð Xsó Dd¨p \nð¡pó hyànbñ lnecnsbóv P\w hnebncp¯n¡gnªp. CXv F{Xam{Xw tZmjw sN¿psaóv Iïdntbïncn¡póp. A\[nIrX Ip-Sntbäw XSbm³ iàamb \nbaw sImïphcpsaóv {Sw]v ]dbpóp. H¸w saIvknt¡m AXnÀ¯nbnð h³aXnð ]Wnbp saópw. A\[nIrX IpSntbä ¯nsâ krjvSm¡Ä {Sw]n\pw AhÀ¡padnbmw. A\[nIrX IpSntbäw \nb{´n¨mð AXnð \jvSw hcpóXv tImSnIfmWv ChÀ¡v. \maam{Xam-b XpI i¼fambn \ðIn A\[n IrX IpSntbä¡mscs¡mïv ]WnsbSp¸n¨v tImSn-IÄ k¼mZn¡póhÀ AXn\p XSbnSm³ hcpóXmcmbmepw FXnÀ¡pw. AhÀ AXp apónð IïpsImïv ]Wn XpS§n. {Sw]n\pÅ ]n´pW kz´w X«I¯nð \nóp Xsó ]etcbpwsImïv ]n³hen¸n¡m\p Å {iaw AXnsâ `mK-ambmtWm. {Sw]pw ]dbpót]mse \S¡pIsbóXv A{X Ffp¸apÅ Imcyañ. AXn\v Ht«sd _p²napt«ïnhcpw. A[nImc¯n\p ]pd¯ph¨v F´pw ho ¼nf¡m³ Ignbpw. AXn\I ¯p Ibdnbmð ]ecptSbpw N§esImïv B Itkc-bnencp¯n apdp¡nbncn¡pw. ]nsó A\§Wsa¦nð AhÀ Abs¨¦nse km[n¡q. AXmWv Ncn{Xw ImWn¡póXv. {]Jym]\w \S¯póXnepw hm¡pIÄ amän ]dbpóXnepw Ccphcpw Hcp a\ÊmWv. hm¡pIÄ amän ]dbpó hyàn¡v iàam-b Xocpam\saSp¡m³ Ignbpw. shs«móv apdn cïv Fó coXnbnð Hcp `cWm[nImcn¡v \ne\nð¡m³ Ignbptam CXmWv FXnÀ¡póhcptSbpw ]n´pWbv¡póhcptSbpw tNmZyw. ImXemb Imcy§Ä adóv thm«v am{Xw e£yam¡nbpÅ {]Jym]\§Ä am{Xam-Wv Ccphcpw \S¯pósXóv AhcpsS {]IS\w hnebncp¯pó hÀ¡v a\Ênem¡mw. kv{Xo hnjbhpw kv{Xo A[n-t£]n¡epw hÀ® hnthN\-hpambn Hcphi¯pw, tZio-b kpc£nXXz hogvNbpw kz´w \ne\nð]n\mbn `cWw D-]tbmKn¨Xpw adphi¯pamb tIhew \memwInS cmjv{So-bw AXmWv Atacn¡³ {]knUâv XncsªSp¸nð ImWm³ IgnbpóXv. AXmbncptóm IgnªIme§fnse Atacn¡³ XncsªSp¸v. AXv Nn´n¨mð Atacn¡sb a-§teð¸n¡póp Ct¸mgs¯ XncsªSp¸v. Hcp Imcy¯nð {Sw]n\v Bizkn¡mw. Xsâ ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmÀ Xsó XÅn¸dªmepw temIt\Xm¡Ä XtómsSm¸apsïóv. {Sw]ns\ hnPbn¸n¡pI Asñ¦nð bp²¯n\v X¿mdmIpI djy³ {]knUânsâ hm¡p-IfmWXn\v DZmlcWw.

k cmjv{Sfn Ggmw m\w Aecnp Cy

Adp]¯nsbm³]XmaXv kzmX{´yZn\w C´y hn]peamb ]cn]mSnItfmsS BtLm jn¡pIbpïmbn. càclnX hn¹h¯nsâbpw \ncmbp[ t]mcm«¯nsâbpw hnPbw 1947 BKÌv 15\v Nph¸ptIm«bnð C´ybpsS {]Ya {][m\a{´n PhlÀemð s\lvdp {XnhÀ ® ]XmIbnð DbÀ¯ns¡mïv BtLmjn¨t¸mÄ AXv temI Ncn{X¯nsâ GSpIfnð Hcp ]pXnb kacNcn{Xw FgpXnt¨À¡s¸«p. Bbp[ ta´nb i{Xphns\ Alnwk bnð¡qSn ASn¨ncp¯nbt¸mÄ AXnð¡qSn temI¯n\v apónð ]pXnb Hcp càclnX t]mcm«w Im«ns¡mSp¯p. hmsfSp¯hs\ hmfpsImïv t\cnSmsX hm¡psImïv t\ cnSpóXpw temI¯n\v Im«n s¡mSp¯Xpw C´ybpsS kzmX{´ykacambncpóp. A§s\ temINcn{X¯nð C´y³ kzmX{´ykacw ]pXnb Hcp kacNcn{Xw FgpXs¸«p. AXv amXrIbm¡n At\Iw t\Xm¡òmÀ temI¯v X§fpsS AhImit]mcm«¯n\v t\XrXzw \ðInbn«pïv. hÀ® hnthN\¯ns\Xnsc Atacn¡bnð t]mcm«w \S¯nbXpw ku¯v B{^n¡bnð AhImikzmX{´yw \S¯nbXpw AXn\p¯a DZmlcW§fmWv. temINcn{X¯nð X¦en]nIfmð FgpXs¸« C´y³ kzmX{´ykacw Cópw Xnf§n \nð¡póp FóXv A`nam\n¡mhpó Hcp hkvXp XbmWv. P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ iàamb tIm«Ifnð C´y ASnbpd¨p \nð¡póp FóXv AXn\p]cn Bthiw ]Icpópïv. aqómw temIcmPysaóv A[nt£]n¨ cmPy§sft¸mepw ]n³XÅns¡mïv C´y hfÀ¨bpsS ]ShpIÄ aptódpt¼mÄ AXv C´y³ P\XbpsS Bßhnizmk¯nsâ bpw ITn\m²zm\¯nsâbpw D¯tamZmlcWamWv. AXv C´ysb Cóphsc \bn¨ `cWt\XrXz§fpsS ZoÀLho £Ws¯bmWv FSp¯pIm«póXv. C´ysb ASn¨aÀ¯n `cn¨hÀt]mepw C´ybv¡v ]pdInte¡v XÅs¸«psImïv C´y h³iànbmbn aptódpóXv B ZoÀLho£W¯nsâ hnPbamWv. 47þð C´ybv¡v apónð ]cnlcn¡s¸Sm³ [mcmew {]iv\§fpïmbncpóp. AXnð Gähpw ap³]´nbnð DïmbncpóXv Zmcn{Zyambncpóp. AXymhiy¯n\pt]mepw `£yhkvXp¡Ä Dð]mZn¸n¡m\nñmsX hntZi cmPy§sft¸mepw B{ibnt¡ï HchØbmbncpóp Asó ¦nð AXn\v henb amä§Ä hcp¯ns¡mïv Cóv kzbw] cym]vXX B Imcy¯nð t\ Sm\mbn. Zmcn{Zy\nÀ½mÀÖ\w ]qÀ®ambnsñ¦nepw Bcw` ZibnteXnt\¡mÄ hfsctb sd hnPbn¨n«pïv. imkv{X kmt¦XnI cwK¯v C´y Cóv AXnthKw hfÀópsImïncn¡pó cmPyamWv. temI¯v Gähp a[nIw kmt¦XnIhnZKv²cp Å cmPyw C´y FóXv CXv ASnhcbnSpóp. h³ iànI sft¸mepw ]nónem¡ns¡mïv AXv aptóäw Ipdn¡pt¼mÄ \mw F{X hfÀóp C¡mcy ¯nð Fóv Duln¡mhpó tXbpÅp. temI¯v Gähpw IqSpXð Fôn\obdnwKv _n cpZ[mcnIÄ DÅ cmPysaóXv C´ysb A`nam\XneIa Wnbn¡póp. CXnð cmPohv KmÔn Fó ZoÀLho£Wap ïmbncpó {][m\a{´nsb hnkvacn¡cpXv. km¼¯nIiànbmbn C ´y aptódpópsbóXpw F Sp¯p]dtbïXp Xsó. h³ km¼¯nIiànbmb ssN\ sbt¸mepw 2025þð C´y ]n ´Ån aptódpsaó {]hN\w GsXmcp C´ym¡mc\pw A`n am\n¡mhpóXpXsó. km¼ ¯nI XIÀ¨bnð temIcmjv {S§Ä XIÀóSnªt¸mÄ C´y ]nSn¨p\nóXv ASn¯d iàamb C´ybpsS km¼ ¯nI taJebmbXpsImïm Wv. _m¦nwKv taJebpsS sI «pd¸v Cóv temIcmjv{S§Ä ¡pt]mepw amXrIbmWv C ´y. CXnð cïv ap³{][m\ a{´namcpsS ]¦v FSp¯p]d tbïXpïv. CµncmKmÔnbpw a³taml³knwKpw. Fgp]Xp Ifnð AhÀ sImïphó km ¼¯nI ]cnjv¡mc§fpw A Xv \S¸m¡nb coXnbpw Cµn cmKmÔnsbó Gjybnse D cp¡ph\nXbpsS anSp¡psIm ïmWv Cu t\«apïmbXv. H ¸w dmhp a{´nk`bnse [\ a{´nbmbncpó temIs¯ F ®s¸« km¼¯nI hnZKv² \mb a³taml³kn§nsâ ] cnjv¡mc§fpw. temI¯nse k¼ ó cmjv{S§fnð C´ybv¡v Ggmw Øm\amsWóv \yqth ÄUv shð¯v ]pd¯phn« Hcp IW¡nð CubnsS ]dbpI bpïmbn. 5600 iXtImSn tUm fdpïv C´ybpsS BkvXn F ómWv AXnð ]dbpóXv. A tacn¡bpw ssN\bpw P¸m\pw Hópw cïpw aqópw Øm\§ Ä ssI¿S¡nbt¸mÄ Im\U, Hmkvt{Senb, Cäen Fóo cm Py§Ä C´ybv¡p ]nónem bnsbóXmWv asämcp hkvXp X. Ignª Aôv hÀjs¯ IW¡v ]cntim[n¨mð ssN \bmWv Gähpw thK¯nð hfcpó cmPysa¦nepw C´y AhÀs¡m¸apsïóXmWv dnt¸mÀ«v hyàam¡póXv. A §s\ C´ybpsS hfÀ¨bpw aptóähpw Ggv ]Xnämïp sImïv Dïmbn«pïv. C§s\sbms¡bmsW¦nepw Cópw ]cnlcn¡s¸Sm\m Im¯ Nne {]iv\§Ä C´y bv¡pïv. AXnsemómWv C ´y ]m¡v AXnÀ¯n {]iv\w. 47þð XpS§nb AXnÀ¯n {]iv\w Cópw ]cnlcn¡s¸ SmsX aptóm«pt]mbns¡mïn cn¡póp. Imivaocn\p thïn bpÅ hSwhenbmWv C´y ]m ¡v AXnÀ¯n {]iv\¯nsâ {][m\ ImcWw. ImivaoÀ ]m ¡nØmsâXmsWóv AhÀ hmZn¡m³ XpS§nbXp apXem Wv AXnsâ XpS¡w. C´y ]m¡v hn`P\w \S¯nb kÀ dmUv ¢n^v C´y ]m¡v hn` P\ Ime¯v Nne hn¯pIÄ AXnÀ¯nbnð ]mInsbóXm Wv AXn\p {][m\ ImcWw. Xm³ hnX¨ hn¯pIÄ hfÀ óp ]´en¨v AXnÀ¯nbnð Akam[m\w hnXbv¡psaóv At±lw IcpXnbncpóp. AXpsImïmbncn¡mw C ´ybv¡v kzmX{´yw In«póXn sâ XteZnhkw Xsó At± lw Cw¥ïnte¡v aS§nbXv. Xm³ C´y hn«Xn\ptijta kzmX{´yw {]Jym]n¡mhqsb ópw At±lw ]dªncpóp sbómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. A t±l¯n\dnbm ambncpóp Xm ³ hc¨ hc cmPy§sf am{X añ P\§tfbpw thÀXncn¡p saóv. Imivaocn\pthïn A óp apXð HgpIpó tNmc C ópw \nÀ¯msXbpïv. AXn \mbn cïv bp²§Ä hscbp ïmbn«pïv. temIcmjv{S§Ä a²yØXbv¡v {ian¨n«pïv. cmjv{S§fpsS kwLS\bmb sFIycmjv{Sk` Xsó CXn \mbn cwK¯v hcnIbpïmbn. Fón«pw imizX ]cnlmcw Im Wm³ Ignªn«nñ. ]m¡n Ømsâ `mK¯p\nópÅ hn «phogvNbnñmbva AXns\mcp {][m\ ImcWsaóp Xsó ]dbmw. AXv At\Iw Poh\p IÄ tlman¡s¸Spópïv. Ggv ]Xnämïv ]nónSpt¼mgpw ]cn lmcw ImWm¯ C´y ]m¡v AXnÀ¯n {]iv\w Hc]qÀÆ kw`hamWv B[p\nI temI Ncn{X¯nð. ]m¡nØmsâ _meniamb ]nSnhmin¡v Xm gnSm³ kabambn. `oIccmjv {Sambn {]Jym]n¨nsñ¦nepw ]m¡nØm³ `oIccmjv{Sam bmWv temIcmjv{S§Ä ImWp óXv. AXpsImïpXsó Ah cpsS ]nSnhmin Iïnsñóv bp.F³. \Sn¡pIbmWv. P\m [n]Xy ASn¯d iàamb C ´ysb XIÀ¡m³ {ian¡pó ]m¡nØms\ \ne¡p\nÀ ¯phm³ bp.F³.\v IgnbWw. Asñ¦nð sF.Fkv. t]mse IqSpXð hÀKob aXkwLS \IÄ DïmIpw. bp.F³. ØncmwK Xzw Fó C´ybpsS A`nem jw Cópw ]qhWnªn«nñ F óXv asämcp hkvXpXbmWv. ssN\bpsS FXnÀ¸v AXn s\mcp {][m\ XSÊambn X só ImtWïXpïv. X§Ä s¡m¸w C´ysb¯póXv ssN\bv¡v kln¡mhpóXn ð A¸pdamWv. AXpXsó C Xn\pImcWw. C´ybpsS kz ]v\w ]qhWnbpsaóv IcpXmw. Ggp]Xnämïv ]nón Spt¼mÄ C´y t\cnSpó Gä hpw henb shñphnfn C´y bv¡I¯v hÀKobX IqSn h cpóp FóXmWv. {_n«ojp ImÀ hnX¨n«pt]mb hÀKob hn¯v Cóv ]SÀóv ]´en¨p sImïncn¡pIbmWv. AXnð \nóp han¡pó hÀKob hnj KÔw C´ysb Idp¸n¨psIm ïncn¡pIbmWv. IpSn¡pó shůnðt]mepw PmXnbp tSbpw aX¯nsâbpw thÀXncn hv ImWpó Hcp kaqlw C´y bnð DïmIpópsbóXv \n tj[n¡m\mIm¯ Hcp kXy amWv. A[nImc¯n\pthïn bpÅ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpsS IpX{´amWv C§s\sbms¡ C´ybnð DïmIm³ ImcWw. hfs¨mSn¨ amaqepIÄ s]cp ¸n¨v ImWn¨v I]S aX`àn bpw cmPykvt\lhpw sImïv klPohnIsf Dòqe\w sN ¿pó at\mtcmKnIfmb cmjv {Sob t\Xm¡fpsS \mSmbn C ´y amdpóp FóXmWv k Xyw. amwk¯nsâ t]cnð a cW¡nWÀ Hcp¡pó Chcm Wv kzX{´yC´ybpsS im]w. Ahsc \bn¡pó t\Xm¡ fmWv \mSn\m]¯v. AXnep] cn C´ybnð \nóv a¬ad ªp FópIcpXnb PmXn t¸mcv hoïpw C´ybnte¡v ISóphcpópthm? ZfnXÀ A {Ian¡s¸SpIbpw AhKWn ¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿póXmtWm ImWn¡póXv. CsXms¡ C ´ybv¡v F{Xam{Xw tZmjw sN¿psaóv ImWmw. CXmWv C´y t\cnSpó Gähpw henb shñphnfn.

BZy a{n k`apX D Nmn a{n k` hsc Ahkm\ `mKw

C´y³ P\m[n]Xy ¯n\v al¯mb kw`mh\IÄ \ðInb kwØm\amWv tIcfw. cmjv{Sob C´ybpsS `q]S¯nð Xnf§n \nð¡pó \£{XamWv tIcf cmjv{Sobw. Iq«pI£n `cWw C´ybnð BZyambn ]co£n¡pIbpw {]hÀ¯n]Z¯nð sImïph cnIbpw sNbvXpsImïv AXnsâ KpWhpw tZmjhpw ]pdw temI¯n\p ImWn¨psImSp¯ tIcf cmjv{Sobw C´ybpsS s]mfnän¡ð et_md«dn FómWv ]pdwtemIw hmgv¯póXv. Iq«pa{´nk`sb temI¯n\p apónð ImWn¨p sImïv C.Fw.Fkv. AXn\v \nÀÆN\hpw ]dªp. Iq«pa {´nk`sbómð Iq«p¯chmZnXzt¯msS \S¡pó a{´n k`sbómWv At±lw \ðInb \nÀÆN\w. 57þð BZya{´nk`bpsS kXy{]XnÚ bv¡ptijw \Só ]{X kt½f\¯nð h¨mbncpóp At±lw A§s\ ]dªXv. Cóv tZiob cmjv{Sob¯nð GII£n `cWw Ahkm\n¨v apóWn `cW¯nte¡v ISóncn¡pt¼mÄ GsXmcp aebmfn ¡pw A`nam\n¡mw A´tÊmsS ]dbmw AXn\p amXrI \½psS sIm¨p tIcfambncpóp Fóv. tIcf¯nsâ apJya{´namcnð C.Fw.Fkv. BWv temIw Adnbs¸« apJya{´nsb¦nð, apJya{´n Itkcbnð Ccpóv Xnf§nbXv sI. IcpWmIc\mbncpóp. P\{]nb apJya{´nbmscó tNmZy¯n\v D¯cw Isï¯m³ Að]w _p²nap«v Xsóbm. ANypXtat\m\pw, IcpWmIc\pw, kn.F¨pw, BâWnbpw, hn.FÊpw, \b\mcpw, D½³Nmïnbpsañmw AXnð DÄs¸Spsa¦nepw AXnð Að]w ap³Xq¡w \b\mÀ¡v XsóbmWv. BâWn Gähpw {]mbw Ipdª apJya{´nbmsW¦nð ANypXm\µ\mWv Gähpw {]mbw IqSnb apJya{´n. Gähpw Ipd¨pImew apJya{´n Itkcbnð CcpóXv kn.F¨v BsW¦nð Gähpw IqSpXð Znhkw apJya{´nbmbncpóXv C.sI. \b\mcmWv. Fómð Gähpw IqSpXð {]mhiyw apJya{´nbmbncpóXv sI. IcpWmIc\mbncpóp. Gähpw IqSpXð {]mhiyw apJya{´nbmbncpóXv IcpWmIc\mbncpsó¦nepw \b\mcpw, F.sI. BâWnbpw cïnð IqSpXð XhW apJya{´n I tkcbnð Ccpón«pïv. tIcfs¯ \bn¨ Gähpw {]mbw Ipdª apJya{´n F.sI. BâWnbmsW¦nð ANypXm\µ\mWv Gähpw {]mbw IqSnb apJya{´n. Gähpw BbpÊv Ipdª a{´nk` sI. IcpWmIcsâ 77þse a{´nk` bmbncpsó¦nð Gähpw IqSpXð \oï a{´nk` 70þse ANypXtat\m³ a{´nk`bm bncpóp. 77þð IcpWmIc³ 33 Znhksa `cWw \S¯nbn«pÅp. C{Xsbms¡bmsW¦nepw \ap¡nXphscbpw Hcp h\nX apJya{´nbpïmbn«nñ Fóp ]dbmw. amdn amdn ]e kÀ¡mcpIÄ hón«psï¦nepw Fgp]Xnse ANypXtat\m³ kÀ¡mcmWv hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä IqSpXð \S¯nbXv. Gähpw tamiamb `cWw ANypXm\µ³ a{´nk`bm sWómWv s]mXpshbpÅ hnebncp¯ð. Gähpw IqSpXð hnhmZapïmbXv 82þse IcpWmIc³ a{´nk`bpw Ct¸mgs¯ D½³Nmïn a{´nk` bpamsWóp Xsó ]dbmw. ANypXtat\m\ptijw XpSÀ a{´nk` Dïmbn«nñ FóXm Wv kXyw. ANypXtat\mt\mfw emfnXyhpw hn\bhpw \ndª Hcp apJya{´nbptïm Fóv kwibamWv. AXpsImïpXsó At±l¯n\v AXpeyØm\amWv tIcfw \ðInbncn¡póXv. Ac \qämïv ]nón« tIcf \nbak`bpw a{´nk`bpw `q]cnjv¡cWhpw P\ Iobmkq{XWhpw k¼qÀ® km£cXbpw aZy\ntcm[\hpambn C´ybpsS cmjv{Sob `q ]S¯nð AXpey Øm\w t\SnsbSp¡pIbpïmbn. BZy a{´nk`bnse AwK§fnð ] eÀ¡pw thï{X `cW ]cnNbtam Cñmbncpóp. apXnÀó sF.F.Fkv. DtZymKØcmb Ipª\´³, aebmäqÀ XpS§nbhÀ AhÀ¡v clkyambn `cWs¯¡pdn¨v ¢mÊpIÄ FSp¯ncpóp FómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. AXn\ptijamWs{X AhÀ A[nImc¯nte¡v {]thin¨Xv. XpS¡¯nð A§s\bmbncpsó¦nepw ]nóoSv {]KÛcmb `cWIÀ¯m¡fpsS iàamb `cWamWpïmbXv. Fómð C¡gnª Hcp ]Xnämïv `cn¨ kÀ¡mcpIfnð DtZymKØ t\XrXz¯n \mbncpóp ap³Xq¡w. {]tXyIn¨v ANypXm\µ³ a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯v. AXv P\m[n]Xy hyhØbv¡v `qjWañ. P\§sf `cnt¡ïXv P\§Ä XncsªSp¯phn« P\{] Xn\n[nIfmbncn¡Ww. \mSn s\¡pdn¨pw \m«msc¡pdn¨pw Ft¸mgpw AdnbpóhÀ Ah cmsWóXmWv asämcp kXyw. AXn\v AÀ¸Whpw BßmÀ °Xbpw kXykÔXbpw \n kzmÀ°XbpapÅ t\Xm¡Ä thWw. A§s\bpïmsb ¦nte P\m[n]Xy hyhØbv ¡v ap³Xq¡apïmIq. amdn amdn `cn¡pó Xneñ amä§ÄsImïv `cn ¡pt¼mgmWv \mSn\v ]ptcmK XnbpïmhpI. km[mcW¡mc \pthïn Fóp ]dªpsIm ïv A[nImc¯nð Ibdpó ]mÀ«nIfpw apóWnIfpw AXv ]msS adópsImïpÅ {]h À¯\§fmWv \S¯pósXóv IgnªIme§fnse kÀ¡m cpIfpsS {]hÀ¯\§ÄsIm ïv a\Ênem¡m³ Ignªn «pïv. AgnaXnbpw ]£]mX ]chpamb {]hÀ¯nIfpw F ñm apóWnIfpw cmjv{Sob ]m À«nIfpw A[nImcw In«nb t¸mÄ sNbvXn«pïv. A[nIm cw In«póXphsc {]hÀ¯ Icpw AWnIfpw, AXv In«n Ignªmð kz´¡mcpw Ip Spw_¡mcpw `mcybpw a¡fp saóXmWv t\Xm¡fpsS {] hÀ¯n. a{´nk`bpw \nba k`bpw Ncn{X¯nte¡v IS óXpt]mse Xsó AXnse AwK§fpw Ncn{X\mbIòm cpambn«pïv. AhÀ¡v ]e hn tijW§fpw P\§Ä \ð Inbn«pïv. DZmlcW¯n\v tIcf¯nsâ kz´w eoUÀ  Fó hntijWw IcpWmIc \mbncpsó¦nð, C.sI. \mb \mÀ kJmhv Ftóm kJmhv C.sI. Ftóm am{Xta hnfn¨n cpópÅp. t__n tPmWns\ t__n¨mb³ Fópw, sI.Fw. amWnsb amWnkmÀ Fópam bncpóp hnfn¨ncpósX¦nð ]n.sP. tPmk^ns\ Hutk¸ ¨³ Fópw ]n.sP. Fópambn cpóp hnfn¨ncpóXv.  A§s\ H«pan¡ t\Xm¡tfbpw _lp am\hpw kvt\lhpw ASp¸ hpw sImïv Npcp¡t¸cmbn cpóp hnfn¨ncpóXv. ChÀs¡ms¡ Gsd {]tXyIXIfpapïmbncpóp. AsXms¡ Gsd {]kn²hp ambncpóp. C.Fw.FÊnsâ hn ¡pw, IcpWmIcsâ I®ndp ¡n Nncnbpw, C.sI. \b\mcp sS ap³ipWvTnbpw, Kucnb½ bpsS ap³tIm]hpw tIcf¡ cbpsS a®nð am{Xañ AXn e¸pdhpamWv. \nbak` ]ïv sk{I«dntbänembncpóp. A Xv ]nóoSv sk\äv lmfn\Sp¯v BVw_camb coXnbnð ] WnbpIbmWpïmbXv. AXn\v XpS¡an«Xv IcpWmIc\pw A Xv ]qÀ¯oIcn¨Xv \b\mcp ambncpóp. Ncn{Xapd§pó Xpw kw`h _lpeambXpam b aµncambncpóp ]gb \nb ak` aµncw. 84þð \nbak`m aµnc¯nð {]Xn]£ Fw. Fð.F.amcpw `cWI£n Fw. Fð.F.amcpw X½nð Iq«¯ñv \S¯pIbpïmbn. Aós¯ tImón Fw.Fð.F.bpw kn. ]n.Fw. t\Xmhpamb C.sI. N {µtiJc³ \mbcpÄs¸sS \n ch[n t]À¡v ]cnt¡ð¡pI bpïmbn. tIcf \nbak`sb A]am\s¸Sp¯nb kw`ham bncpóp AXv. Cu IgnªhÀ jhpw \Só kwLS\§fpw A]am\s¸Sp¯nsbóp ]d bmw. {]£p]vX cwK§Ä s¡mïpw, hmKzmZ§ÄsIm ïpw i_vZapJcnXamb A´ co£ambncpóp an¡ Znhk §fnepw \nbak` lmÄ.  Xq shÅ JZÀ Ppºbpw Icbn ñm¯ JZÀ apïpambn shfp s¡ Nncn¨psImïv \nbak` bnte¡v ISóphcpó IcpWm Ic\pw, apdnssI¿³ jÀ«pw Kuch`mhhpambn hcpó C. sI. \b\mcpw JZÀ DSp¸pam bn IqsS hcpóhcpsS tXmf ¯v ssI¿n«psImïv hcpó t__n tPm¬ Fó t__n ¨mb\pw aµlmkhpw DSbm ¯ \of³ Ppºbpambn hcp ó sI.Fw. amWnbpw Hmt«m dn£bnð \nbak` lmfn\p apónð hónd§pó hn.hn. cmLh\psams¡ a\Ênð am bmsX InS¡póp. Hmtcm t\ Xm¡Ä¡pw Hmtcm {]tXyI XIÄ DsïóXmWv Hcp h kvXpX.     Cóv \nbak`mwK §fnð Fñmhcpw Imdnð am {Xta kôcn¡mdpÅp. F ómð Hcp Ime¯v ]ecpw _Ênepw aäpambncpóp kôcn ¨ncpóXv.  ASqcnð \nóv Xn cph\´]pct¯¡v _Ênð kôcn¨ncpó sXóe _m eIrjvW]nÅtbbpw XrÈqcn ð \nóv Xncph\´]pct¯¡v kôcn¨ncpó hn.hn. cm Lht\bpw aäpw HmÀ¡pt¼m Ä _lpam\hpw BZchpam Wv tXmópI. emfnXy¯nsâ BÄcq]saóv ]dbmhpó H cp hyànbmbncpóp sXóe _meIrjvW]nÅ. cmjv{SobsaóXv P\ tkh\am¡nb At\Iw t\ Xm¡òmÀ \ap¡pïmbncpóp. P\s¯ Adnbpó P\adnbp óhcmbncpóp. A{Iacmjv{So bhpw AgnaXnbpw \ndª C ós¯ cmjv{Sobt¯¡mÄ A ós¯ cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w Bib]chpw BZÀi]chpam bncpóp.  AXpsImïpXsó Aós¯ cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯ \w aqeym[njvTnXambncpóp. Fómð AXn\v hn]coXamb {]hÀ¯\amWv Cóv \S¡p óXv. AXv P\¯n\v aSn¸pw shdp¸pw Dïm¡psaóXn\v bmsXmcp kwibhpanñ. AXv cmjv{Sob tIcf¯nsâ KXn sb Xsó amän adn¡pw. Cu teJ\w hóp I gnbpt¼mtg¡pw tIcf¯nð Hcp ]pXnb a{´nk` hóp Ignªncn¡pw. Ahcnð¡qSn tIcf¯n\v ]pXnb hnIk\ ]²XnIÄ DïmIs« Fóv Biwkn¡mw. A§s\ tIc fw hfÀóv hfÀóv temI¯n\v amXrIbmIs«sbópw Biw kn¡mw. PmXn¡pw aX¯n\pa ¸pdw Hcp \mSv amthenbpsS \mSv AXmbn¯ocm³ Ignbs« Fóv {]mÀ°n¡póp. (Ahkm\n¨p.)

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` hsc10

{]iv\§fpw {]XnkÔnI fpw \ndª Aôv hÀj§Ä ]nón« ANypXm\µ³ a{´n k` Imemh[n XnI¨psbóp am{Xta FSp¯p]dbm\pÅp. aäv ]db¯¡ t\«§sfmópw ANypXm\µ³ kÀ¡mÀ sNbvXnsñóp am{Xañ XncsªSp¸n\v ap³]v ]e hmKv-Zm\§fpw aäpw \ðInbXv Imänð ]d¯pIIqSn sNbvXpshópw ]dbmw. ANypXm\µ³ a{´n k`bpsS Imemh[n ]qÀ¯oIcn¨Xns\ XpSÀóv \nbak` ]ncn¨phn«v XncsªSp¸v \S¯pIbpïmbn. B XncsªSp¸nð CSXp P\m[n]XyapóWnbpw sFIyP\m[n]-XyapóWnbpw X½nembncpóp {][m\ aÕcw. _n.sP.]n. iàasñ¦nepw kmón²yam-bpïmbncpóp. hmintbdnb XncsªSps¸óp ]dbmsa¦nepw ]e apXnÀó t\Xm¡fptSbpw A`mhw hfsctbsd hnShpïm¡nsbóp ]dbmw. Fñm XncsªSp¸pIfnepw \ndkmón²yambncpó sI. I-cpWmIc³, C.sI. \b\mÀ, t__n tPm¬, ]n.sI.hn.bpsams¡ bpÅ XncsªSp¸pIÄ P\§Ä¡v Bthihpw BËmZhpambncpóp. cmjv{Sob acymZIÄ h¨pÅ AhcpsS {]kwK§Ä tIÄ¡m³ F¯n-bncpóhcnð IqSpXðt]cpw FXnÀ]mÀ«nbnepÅhcmbncpóp FóXmWv kXyw. hmintbdnb B \nbak`m XncsªSp¸v apóWnIfpsS iàn sXfnbn¡pIsbóXp IqSnbpïmbncpóp. B XncsªSp¸nð sFIyP\m[n]XyapóWn tIh-e `qcn]£¯nð hnPbn¨p. D½³NmïnbpsS t\XrXz¯nð Hcn¡ðIqSn sFIyP\m[n]XyapóWn A[nImc¯nð Ibdn. XpS¡¯nð Xsó a{´n k`bnð IñpISnbpïmbn. apÉoweoKv Aômw a{´n-k`bv¡pthïn hnet]inbXmWv AXn\pImcWw. apó-Wnbnse cïmas¯ ]mÀ«nbm-b apÉoweoKn\v \mev a{´nam-scbmbncpóp \ðInbXv. \n-bak`bnse X§fpsS AwK-_e¯n\\pkcn¨v Aôv a{´namsc \ðIWsaóv apÉoweo-Kv Bhiys¸«p. Fómð apJy-a{´nbpw tIm¬{Kkpw AXv sNhnsImïnñ. Fómð eoKv t\XrXzw kaÀ±X{´w {]tbmKn¡pIbpïmbn. HSphnð apJya{´n¡pw tIm¬{KÊv t\XrXz¯n\pw B k½À±X{´w AwKoIcnt¡ïnhóp. ImcWw tIhe `qcn]£saóXp Xsó. HcwKw am{XapÅ ]nÅbpw tP¡_pw t]mepw ]n´pW ]n³hen¨mð XIcp-ó coXnbnð t]mb D½³Nmïn¡v B `ojWn hfscb[nIw {]XnkÔn krjvSn¨p FóXmWv kXyw. eoKn\v Aômw a{´nsb \ðInbt¸mÄ apó-Wnbnse aqómas¯ ]mÀ«nbm-b tIcf tIm¬{KÊpw asämcp a{´nsb \ðIWsaómhiys¸«psImïv cwK¯phóp. CXv asämcp {]XnkÔn¡v ImcWambn. aqómw a{´nhm-Zw kXy¯nð tIcf tIm¬{KÊn\Is¯ B`y´c {]iv\¯nð \nópSseSp¯Xmbncp-óp Fóp ]dtbïnbncn¡póp. a{´ntamlapïmbncpó ]n.kn. tPmÀÖmbncpóp Cu Bhiy¯n\p ]nónð. aqómasXmcp a{´nsb amWn ]n´pW¨nñ. AXn\p ImcWw aIsâ tI{µ a{´n]Zhn¡v XSbmIpsaó `bw Xsóbmbncpóp. tIcf¯nð aqómasXmcp a{´nsb ]mÀ«n¡v \ðInbmð tI{µ¯nð Xsâ aIsâ a{´nØm\¯n\pthïn hmZn¨mð AXv hnet]mInsñóv amWn¡dnbmambncpóp. AXpsImïpXsó ]n.kn. tPmÀÖpw Iq«cpw Bhiys¸«t¸mÄ amWn au\w ]men¡pIbmWpïmbXv. Fómð tPmÀÖv ]mÀ«nbnð {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¨psImïv cwK¯phótXmsS am-Wn Xsâ \ne]mSv amäpIbpw aqómasXmcp a{´nsb X§Ä-¡v \ðIWsaóv Bhiys¸«v tI{µ¯nse kla{´nØm\w ImWn¨psImïv amWnbpsS hmbv AS¸n¨p. tPmÀÖn\v No ^v hn¸v Øm\w Fó Fñn³ IjWw sImSp¯t¸mÄ AXv NmbtIm¸bnse sImSp¦mäp t]msebmbn. A§s\ a{´nk` bpsS cïmas¯ {]XnkÔn bpw XcWw sNbvXv aptóm«p t]msb¦nepw AXpw A[nI Imew \oïp\nónñ. a{´nk `bnse Nne AwK§fpsS t] cnð KpcpXcamb AgnaXnbm tcm]W§Ä Dóbn¡pIbp ïmbXv hoïpw {]XnkÔn ¡p ImcWambn. iàamb sX fnhpIfpambn \S¯nb Btcm ]Ww {]Xntcm[n¡phm³ D½ ³Nmïn¡pw Iq«À¡pw Ign ªnñ. Cu Ahkc¯nemWv a{´nk`bnse HcwKamb Sn. Fw. tP¡_nsâ acWw. Sn.Fw. tP¡_nsâ acWs¯ XpSÀóv Hgnhphó ]ndhw aÞe¯nð D]Xnc sªSp¸n\v hnÚm]\w \S ¯ns¡mïv XncsªSp¸v I ½oj³ D¯chnd¡n. D]Xn csªSp¸v a{´nk`bpsS {] hÀ¯\¯nsâ hnebncp¯ embn {]Xn]£hpw `cWI £nIfpw cwK¯phótXmsS ]ndhw tIcf¯nsâ {i²mtI {µhpw `cW¯nsâ hn[nsb gp¯pambn. tP¡_nsâ aI ³ A\q]v tP¡_v bp.Un. F^v. Øm\mÀ°nbmbpw kn. ]n.Fw. t\Xmhv tP¡_v Fð. Un.F^v Øm\mÀ°nbpambn cwK¯phótXmsS tIcf ¯nse D]XncsªSp¸v tZ iob {i²bmIÀjn¨p. B Xn csªSp¸nð A\q]v tP¡_v h³`qcn]£t¯msS hnPbn ¨Xv kÀ¡mcn\pÅ P\]n´p Wbmbn amdpIbpw {]Xn]£ ¯nsâ hmbS¸n¡pIbpw sN bvXp. A\q]nsâ `qcn]£w CSXpapóWnsbt¸mepw A ÛpXs¸Sp¯n. kn.]n.Fw. t\Xm hpw s\¿män³Ic Fw.Fð. F.bpamb skhðcmPv kn.]n. Fw. AwKXzhpw Fw.Fð.F. Øm\hpw cmPnh¨v tIm¬{K Ênte¡v tNÀóXv D½³Nm ïn¡pw Iq«À¡pw ss[cyw h À²n¡m³ CShcp¯n. A§ s\ s\¿män³Icbnð IqSn D ]XncsªSp¸v \Sóp. skð hcmPv Xsóbmbncpóp bp. Un.F^v. Øm\mÀ°n. B Xn csªSp¸nepw  bp.Un.F^n\v Xnf¡amÀó hnPbw ssIh cn¡m³ Ignªp. CXpw `c W¯n\pÅ P\]n´pWbmbn Xsó hnebncp¯s¸«tXmsS D½³Nmïn kÀ¡mÀ IqSpX ð iàcmbn. Cu cïv D]Xnc sªSp¸nse hnPbw a{´nk` bpsS {]XnÑmb hÀ²n¸n¨p. Cu {]XnÑmbbpsS Bßhn izmk¯nð hnIk\ {]hÀ ¯\§Ä IqSpXð hym]n¸n ¡póXn\mbn FaÀPnwKv tI cf ]²Xn¡v D½³Nmïn kÀ ¡mÀ XpS¡an«p. P\Iobmkq {XW¯nsâ t]mse AXpw XpS¡¯nð am{Xsa Bthi hpw {]Xo£bpapïmbpÅp. AXpw AgnaXnbnð Ipfn¡p IbmWpïmbXv. kzP\]£ ]mZhpw kzmÀ°Xbpsañmw AXnepw hóps]«tXmsS Fa ÀPnwKv tIcf A´yizmkw hen¨p. a{´nk`bnse Nne AwK§fpw kzmÀ°Xmð]cy amWv FaÀPnwKv tIcfsbó Btcm]Ww a{´nk`sb {] XnIq«nem¡n. Ct¸mÄ tI cf¯nð hnhmZapïmbns¡m ïncn¡pó tkmfmÀ AXnsâ Nm]nÅbmsWóp Xsó ] dmw. tIcf cmjv{Sobs¯ Cf ¡nadn¨ tkmfmdnsâ hfw F aÀPnwKv tIcfbmbncpóp. F ´mbmepw FaÀPnwKv tIcf KpWt¯¡mtfsd tZmjw h cp¯nsbóp Xsó. a{´nk`bpsS {]Xn Ñmb hÀ²n¸n¡m³ apJya {´n _lpZqcw ]²Xnbpambn cwK¯phóp. P\§fpsS ] cmXnbpw \nthZ\§fpw t\cn«v hm§n AXn\v Xðkabw X só ]cnlmcw \ðIpIsbó Xmbncpóp AXnsâ Dt±iw. kXy¯nð AXv hfscb[nIw hnPbambncpóp Fóv ]dbp IXsó sN¿mw. Ht«sd ]cm XnIÄ¡pw \nthZ\§Ä¡pw AXv ]cnlmcw Isï¯pI bpw At\IÀ¡v AXv Bizm kw \ðIpIbpw sNbvXp F óXv Xpdóv Xsó ]dbmw. C§s\ X«nbpw ap«n bpw a{´nk` aptóm«pt]mIp t¼mgmWv a{´nk`mwKamb K tWjvIpamdns\Xnsc KpcpX camb kz`mhZqjyw `cW ap óWnbnse Hcp LSI£nbp sS {]apJ t\Xmhpw P\{]Xn \n[nbpamb HcwKw Btcm]n ¡póXv. Cu Btcm]Ww icn hbv¡pó coXnbnð KtWjvIp amdnsâ `mcy Xsó cwK¯ph ótXmsS a{´nbmbn XpScm³ KtWjvIpamdn\v AÀlXbn sñópw At±lw cmPnhbv¡ Wsaópamhiys¸«psImïv {]Xn]£w cwK¯p hóp. A Xn\p hg§m³ apJya{´ntbm, KtWjvIpamtdm X¿mdmIm¯ Xv IqSpXð {]XnkÔn¡v hgn sXfn¨p. a{´naµnc¯nð Ib dn HcmÄ Xsâ `mcysb ISóp ]nSn¨Xn\v a{´nsb Xñnb kw`hw AXn\pap³]v Dïm bncpópshópw CsXñmw C Xnsâ XpSÀ¨bmsWómbncp óp Btcm]Ww. {]Xn]£ hpw H¸w tIm¬{KÊpw a{´n bpsS cmPn Bhiys¸«psIm ïv hótXmsS apJya{´n¡v KtWjvIpamdnsâ cmPn Bh iys¸tSïnhóp. A§s\ KtWjvIpamÀ a{´nØm\w cm Pnh¨p. C¯c¯nð tIcf ¯nð cmPnhbv¡pó aqóma s¯ a{´nbmWv KtWjvIpam À. KtWjvIpamdnsâ cmPntbmsS {]iv\§Ä sI« S§nsbóv IcpXnbncn¡pt¼m gmWv sI.]n.kn.kn. {]knU âmbncpó ctaiv sNón¯ ebpsS a{´n{]iv\w a{´nk `bpsS {]hÀ¯\s¯ De¨ Xv. At±ls¯ a{´nk`bn te¡v FSp¡Wsaóv Nne `m K¯p\nóv A`n{]mbapïmbn. a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb hÀ ²n¸n¡m³thïnsbómbncpóp `mjyw. Fómð apJya{´n bpw At±ls¯ A\pIqen ¡pó tIm¬{KÊnse Hcp hn `mKhpw au\w ]men¡pIbm WpïmbXv. CXv tIm¬{KÊn ð asämcp tNcnXncnhn\v Im cWambn. HSphnð ssl¡am ânsâ k½À±¯n\v hg§n At±ls¯ a{´nk`bnse Sp¯v B`y´c hIp¸v \ðIn {]iv\w ]cnlcn¨psImïv ap tóm«p t]mIpt¼mgmWv tkm fmÀ kw`hw a{´nk`sb ]nSn ¨p Ipep¡nbXv. AXv bp.Un. F^ns\ sam¯¯nð ]nSn ¨pIpep¡nsbóv ]dtbïn bncn¡póp. ]nóoSv \Só hn hmZ§Ä Fs´óv aebmfn tbmSv hnhcnt¡ïXnñtñm. C{Xsbms¡bmsW¦nepw kvamÀ«vknänbpw, sIm¨n sa t{Smbpw, I®qÀ hnam\¯mh fhpw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ Cu a {´nk`bpsS Ime¯pXsó Ignªp. aebmf`mjsb ]cn t]mjn¸n¡m³ aebmfw kÀ ÆIemime XpS§nsImïv H cp aptóäw \S¯nbXv FSp ¯p]dtbïXmWv. a{´nk` bnð AgnaXnbmtcm]W¯n sâ \ngð]mSpIÄ Dïmbn cpsó¦nepw P\§Ä¡v Ipd s¨ms¡ \oXn e`n¡pó coXn bnð apJya{´n D½³Nmïn {]hÀ¯n¨p FóXv FSp¯p ]dtbïXpXsó. hnhmZ§ fptSbpw hmZtImemle§fp tSbpw \Sphnð Aôv hÀjw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨psImïv D½³ Nmïn kÀ¡mÀ ASp¯ Xnc sªSp¸n\v Ifsamcp¡nbncn ¡pIbmWv. Ct¸mÄ tIcfw B XncsªSp¸nsâ XoNqf bnemWv. ASp¯Xmscóv sabv Ahkm\t¯msS Adnbmw.

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` h-sc `mKw9

sFIyP\m[n]XyapóWn h³ `qcn]£¯nð hnPbn¨p. 2001 sabv 17\v F.sI. Bâ WnbpsS t\XrXz¯nð sFIyP\m[n]XyapóWn kÀ¡mÀ kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctaäp.  BâWn apJya{´nbmIpóXv CXv aqómw XhWbmWv. Gsd¡psd AgnaXn clnXamb `cWw ImgvN hbv¡m³ BâWn¡p IgnªpsbópXsó ]dbmw. ]ômb¯pIÄ¡v IqSp-Xð A[nImcw \ðInsImïv {Kma{]tZi§fpsS hnIk\w XzcnX KXnbnem¡m³ BâWn {ian¨p. kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{XnIfpsS hnIk\hpw \nb{´Whpw t]mepw AXmXv {]tZis¯ {Kma]ômb¯pIÄ¡v \ðIn kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{XnIsf IqSpXð Imcy£aam¡m³ Cu kÀ¡mÀ {ian¨pshóp Xsó ]dbmw. BZy BâWn a{´n k` sImïphó sXmgn-enñmbva thX\w hÀ²n¸n¨Xv Cu kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯mbncpóp sbóXv FSp¯p]dtbïXmWv. k¼qÀ® aZy\ntcm[\ saóXv Nmcmb \ntcm[\ambn amänsbSp¡ms\ BâWn¡v IgnªpsbóXv At±l¯n sâ {]XnÑmbbv¡p tIm-«w X«nsb¦nepw tIcf¯nð kam[m\ A´co£w \ne\nÀ¯m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªp. kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mÀ¡v s^Ìnhð Aeh³kv GÀs¸-Sp¯nbXpw BâWn kÀ¡mcm-bncpóp. Gsd¡psd kam[m \]camb A´co£am-bncpóp BâWn kÀ¡mcnsâ XpS¡Imes¯¦nepw A-Xv A[nIImew XpSÀónñmsbóXmWv kXyw. sI. Icp-WmIcsâ t\XrXz¯nð Hcp hn`mKw BâWn a{´nk`bvs¡Xnsc {]Xn]£t¯¡mÄ henb Btcm]W§Ä Dóbn¨-Xmbncpóp AXn\p ImcWw. IcpWmIcs\ A\p\bn¸n-¡m\mbn aI³ apcfo[cs\ \nba k`mwKañmXncpón«pIq-Sn Xsâ a{´nk`bnð DÄs¸Sp ¯m³ BâWn X¿mdmbn. Aóv apcfo[c³ sI.]n.kn.kn. A²y£\mbncp-óp. A§s\ IcpWmIcsâ k½À±s¯ XpSÀóv {]tZi¯v tIm¬{KÊv I½nän {]knUâmbncp-ó apcfo[cs\ B Øm\w cmPn hbv¸n¨v BâWn Xsâ a{´n k`bnð DÄs¸Sp¯nsImïv a{´nk` ]p\:kwLSn¸n¨p. \nbak`mwKañmXncpó apcfo[cs\ AwKam¡m³ thïn hS¡mtôcn knänwKv Fw. Fð.F.sb cmPn hbv¸n¨v D]XncsªSp¸v \S¯n t\m¡n sb¦nepw B XncsªSp¸nð apcfo[c\v ]cmPbta-äphmt§ïnhóp. D]Xnc-sªSp¸nð Hcp a{´n ]cm-Pbs¸SpóXv A§s\ kwØm\¯v BZykw`hambn amdn. AtXmsS apcfo[c\v a{´nØm\w cmPnhbvt¡ïnhóp. Aóv At±lw sshZypXn a{´nbmbncpóp. AtXmsS IcpWmIc\pw BâWnbpw X½nð IqSpXð AIóp. tIm¬{KÊnse Xncp¯ðhmZn {Kq¸pw BâWntbmSv ASp¯t¸mÄ Icp WmIc³ XoÀ¯pw tIm¬{KÊnð Häs¸SpIbmWpïmbXv. AXv At±ls¯ Bâ-Wn a{´nk`bvs¡Xnsc IqSpXð BªSn¡m³ CSbm¡n. C§s\bncn¡pó Ahkc¯nemWv Fd-WmIpfw Fw.]n.bpw IcpWmIcsâ hewssI¿pambncpó tPmÀÖv CuUsâ acWw. AXv tIm¬{KÊnð h³ s]m-«ns¯dn¡p ImcWambn FópXsó ]dbmw. tPmÀÖv CuU-sâ acWs¯ XpSÀóv \Só D]XncsªSp¸nð \nóv IcpWmIc\pw Iq«cpw amdn \nóp. B XncsªSp¸nð tIm¬{KÊn\v h³ ]cmPbtaðt¡ïnhóp. AXn\ptijw \Só temIk` XncsªSp¸nð tIm¬{KÊns\Xnsc iàambn \ne sImïv IcpWmIc³ asämcp tIm¬{KÊn\v cq]w \ðIn. B XncsªSp¸nð tIm¬{KÊv Zb\obambn ]cm-Pbs¸SpI am{Xañ HcwKs¯ t]mepw temIk`bnte¡v tIcf ¯nð \nóbbv¡m³ Ignªn ñ. tIcf¯nsâ Ncn{X-¯nemZyambn tIm¬{KÊn\v Zb\ob ]cmPbw t\cntSïnhó-Xv BâWnbpsS tamiamb `cWhpw, sISpImcyØXbpambn Nn{XoIcn¡s¸«p. AXpam{Xañ, BâWn a{´nk`sb A«nadn¡m³ tIcf¯nð hÀKob elfIÄ t]mepw hÀKobhmZnIfpw cmjv{Sob IpX{´¡mcpw \S ¯pIbpïmbn. amdmSpw, tImgnt¡mSpw hoïpw hoïpw hÀKob elfIÄ DïmbXnsâ ]nómse clky a{´n-k` A«nadn¡pI am{Xañ kwØm \¯v {Iakam[m\ \ne XIÀ¯p Fóv hcp¯nXoÀ ¡m\pw IqSnbpÅ {ia-ambncpóp. AXnsâ adhnð kmaqlnIhncp²cpw am^n-b kwLhpap ïmbncpóp. AhÀ¡v cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡fnð NnecpsS A\p{KlmioÀhmZhp apïmbncpóp. AXnð IqSn tImSn¡W¡n\v cq]bp-sS ab¡pacpópw aäpw tIcf¯nð Hgp¡m³ km[n¨psImïv tI cf¯nð AhÀ ]nSnapdp¡m³ {ian¨p. AXpam{Xañ BâWn {Kq¸nð Xsó A[nImc tamlapïmbncpó Nn-eÀ At±l¯ns\Xnsc Icp-\o¡§Ä \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp. CsXñmw IqSn hót¸mÄ BâWn¡v A[nImc¡tkcbnð Ccn¡póXv ITn\ambn amdn. BWn¯p¼nð Ccn¡póXnt\¡mÄ ITn\ambnsbóXmbn ]dbmw. ]mÀ«n¡p ]pd¯pw AI¯papÅhÀ thZ\n¸n¨Xnt\¡mÄ At±ls¯ apdns¸Sp¯nbXv Xsâ a\:km£n kq£n¸pImsc-óv IcpXnbhcpsS ]pdInð \nópÅ Ip¯mbncpóp. XoÀ¯pw Häs¸« BâWn HSphnð cmPnh¨p. BâWnbpsS cmPnsb XpSÀóv D½³Nmïn apJya{´nbmbn. `cWw XoÀ¯pw P\]¦mfn¯t¯msS \S¸m¡m³ D½³Nmïn {ian¨p FóXv FSp¯p]dbmhpó HómWv. tIcf¯nsâ hnIk\¯n\v FSp¯p ]dbmhpó HómWv tIcf¯nsâ hnIk \¯n\v Hcp ]pXnbapJw kv amÀ«v knän t]msebp-Å ]²XnIÄ tIcf¯nte¡v sImïphcm³ At±lw {ian¨p. apS§n¡nSó ]e ]²XnIfpw Xncn¨psImïphóv IqSpXð sXmgne hkc§Ä kr-jvSn¡m³ At±lw {ian¨pshóXv FSp¯p ]dtbïXpXsó. hÀj§fmbn ]q«n¡nSó ]p\eqÀ t]¸À anñv t]mepw Nph¸p\mSbnð \nóv ]p-d¯phópsbóXv AXnsâ DZmlc WamWv. tIcf¯nð Gähp a[nIw AgnaXnbmtcm]W§Ä Cu D½³Nmïn kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯mbncpsó¦nð Gähpw Ipdhv Aós¯ D½³Nmïn kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯mbncpópsbóXmWv asämcp {]tXyIX. Npcp§nb Ime-tabpïmbncpópÅpsb¦nepw D½³Nmïn kÀ¡mÀ tIcf Ncn{X¯nð \nÀ®mbI kmón²yambncpópsbópXsó ]dbmw. Imemh[n ]qÀ¯o-Icn¨Xns\ XpSÀóv XncsªSp¸v \S¯pIbpïmbn. B XncsªSp¸nð Fð.Un.F^n\v `qcn]£w In«n. kn.]n.Fw. t\Xmhpw ]pó{]hbemÀ kac\mbIcnð Hcmfpamb hn. Fkv. ANypXm\µsâ t\XrXz¯nð CSXp]£ P\m[n] XyapóWn A[nImctaäp. 2006 sabv 18\v apJya{´nbm-bn kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctaä hn.Fkv. Fó hn. Fkv. ANypXm\µ³ tIcfNcn{X¯nð cmPv`h\p ]pd¯ph¨v kXy{]XnÚ sNbvX BZyapJya{´nsb-ó Øm\w t\Sn. Xncph\´]pcs¯ sk³{Sð tÌUnb¯n-embncpóp At±lhpw aäv a{´n amcpw kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctaäXv. Bäpt\mäncpóv e`n¨ apJya{´n¡tkcbnð Ccpó ANypXm\µ\v B Itkc \ne\nÀ¯m³ Ht«sd cmjv{Sob¡fnIÄ \St¯ïnhón«pïv. kn.]n.Fw.\Is¯ ]e ]nW¡§Ä asämchkc¯nepanñm¯ coXnbnð ]pd¯phóp FóXmWv kXyw. ]mÀ«n¡Is¯ tNcnt¸mcv kzm`mhnIambpw a{´n-k`tbbpw _m[n¨p. apJya{´ntbmSv hnt[bXzanñm¯ a{´n-amcmbncpóp ANypXm\µ³ a{´nk`bnse ]e a{´namcpw. `cWw kpKaambn sImïpt]mIm³ ANypXm\µ\v kz´w ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡tfmSpXsó s]mcptXïnhóp. {]-Xn]£t¯¡mÄ `cWs¯bpw apJya{´ntbbpw hnaÀin¡pó hcmbn ]mÀ«n amdnbt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc iàamb \ne]msSSpt¡ï KXntISv apJya{´nbnð hóp. AXpsImïpXsó `cW¯nð {i² tI{µoIcn¡m³ apJya{´nbv¡mbnñ. AgnaXns¡Xnsc t]mcmSpsaóv XncsªSp¸nð KoÀhmWw apg¡nb ANypXm\µ³ At±l¯nsâ a{´nk`bnse a{´namÀs¡Xnsc cq£amb AgnaXnbmtcm]W§Ä Dó-bn¨n«pw au\w ]men¡pI-bmWpïmbXv. BZÀi[ocòmcmb a{´namÀ Fó ]cnthjhpambn A[nImc¯nse¯nb-hÀ AgnaXn¡mcmbn ap{ZIp¯s¸«p. `qam^nbbpsS ssIIfn-se N«pI§fmbn amdn ]ea{´namcpw. Xncph\´]pc¯pw aqhm äp]pgbnepw A\[nIrX `qbnS]mSpIfnð LSI£nIfnse ]e a{´namÀ¡pw ]¦pÅXmbn Btcm]Wapïmbn. AXp am{Xañ tem«dn am^nb AgnªmSnb Imew IqSnbm-bncpóp ANypXm\µ³ a{´nk` bpsS Ime¯v. CsXm-s¡ Iïv apJya{´n \ni_vZX]men ¡pIbmbncpóp sNbvXXv. A[nImcw In«nbmð I-cn¨´¡mscbpw ]qgv¯nhbv-]pImtcbpw Xpd¦neSbv¡p sa-óv ]dªXv shdpw ]mgvhm-¡mbncpóp. a{´nk`bpsS XpS¡¯nð Xsó IñpI-Sn-bpïmbXv FSp¯p]dbpó asämcp ImcyamWv. InfncqÀ Fó kv{Xo ]oU\¯nð acWw hcn¨ s]¬Ip«nbpsS t]cnð thm«pt\Snb ANypXm\µ³ B s]¬Ip«nbpsS acW-¯n\nSbm¡nb kw`hs¯¡pdn¨pw AXn\p¯chmZnIfmb hn. sF.]n.sb ]pd¯psIm-ïp hcmt\m {ian¡msX AXv ]qÀ®ambn adópsImïp-Å {]hÀ¯n s]mXpP\§fp-sS CSbnð apJya{´n¡pÅ {]-XnÑmb \jvSs¸Sm³ Im-cWambn. a{´nbmbncpó ]n. sP. tPmk^v kv{Xo ]oU\mtcm]W¯nð cmPn hbv¡pIbpïmbXv a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb¡v tIm«w X«nb asämcp kw`hambncpóp. tPmk^n\p ]Icw hó Sn.bp. Ip-cphnfbpw `qbnS]mSpIfnð Btcm]W hnt[b\mbn cmPn h¨Xpw a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb \jvSs¸Sp¯n. a{´n]p-{XòmÀt]mepw ]e Btcm]W§fn ðs¸«t¸mÄ a{´nk`bpsS hnizmkobXsb tNmZyw sNbvXp. hnZym`ymk taJe bnembncpóp Cu Ime-¯v Gähpa[nIw {]XnkÔnbp ïmbXv. kzImcy hnZym`ymk Øm]\§Äs¡Xnsc ISnªmWnSm\mbn {ian¨ hnZym`ymk a{´n Fw.F. t__nbpsS \bw kzImcyamt\Pvsa âpIsf sNmSn¸n¨p. {]tXyIn¨v {InkvXy³ amt\PvsaâpIsf. ImcWw tIcf¯n-se ]IpXn kvIqfpIfpw AhcpsS \nb{´W¯nembncpóp F óXpXsó. kXy¯nð tIcf¯nð hnZym`ymk Øm]\§Ä IqSpXepw kzImcy Øm]\§fmsWóXmWv C-t¸mgs¯ ØnXn. t__nbpsS ]p Xnb hnZym`ymk \b-¯ns\Xnsc kzImcy amt\Pv-saâpIÄ BªSn¨p. 57þepw kzImcy hnZym`ymk Øm]\§sf ISnªmWnSpIsbóXnep ]cn kÀ¡mÀ Cu kvIqfpIsf ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡pIsbó e£yhpw CXnepïmbncpósXómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. AXnep]cn ]mÀ«nbpsS \nb{´Whpw ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯Isc XncpInIbäepw icn¡p ]dªmð ]mÀ«n {]hÀ-¯Isc¡mÄ ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡fpsS ASp¸¡msc. emhvenð, ]mtambnð, tem«dn X«n¸pw shfn¨w ImWpsaó {]Xo£ am{Xta P\¯n\pïmbpÅp. kvamÀ«v knänbpw sat{Smknänbpw hm ¡pIfnð am{Xambn. aq-ómdnepw aäpw kÀ¡mÀ `qan ssI t¿dnbXv shfn¨¯psImïp hcm³ km[ns¨¦nepw AXnð DÄs¸«n«pÅhsc \nba¯n\v apónð sImïphcm³ ANypXm\µ\v Ignªnñ. ImcWw ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡fpw LSII £nIfpsS t\Xm¡fpw CXnð DÄs¸«ncpóp FóXpXsó. AhÀs¡Xnsc Xncnªt¸mÄ ap³apJya{´nbmbn Xm³ amdptamsbóv At±lw `bs¸«ncpóp. apJya{´ns¡Xnsc CSXp]£w HóS¦w Xncnª kw`hambncpóp AXv. C§s\ {]XnÑmb XIÀót¸mgmbncpóp ]ômb¯p XncsªSp¸v \SóXv. tIcf¯nsâ N cn{X¯nemZyambn ]ômb¯p XncsªSp¸nð CSXp]£w Zb\obambn ]cmPbs¸«p. CsXms¡bmsW¦nepw ANypXm\µ\v A`nam\n¡m³ bmZrÝnIamsW¦nepw NnesXms¡ hóptNÀóp. A-c \qämïv ]nón« \nbak`-sb \bn¡m\pw AXv BtLm-jn¡m\pw At±l¯n\v Ahkcap ïmbn. a{´nk`bpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä-sImïsñ¦nepw tIcf¯nð kmt¦XnIhnZy AXnthKw Cu Ime¯v hfÀópshóXv FSp¯p ]dbmw. F¦nepw A[nImcw \n-e\nÀ¯m³ GXäw hscbpwt]mb apJya{´nbpw apJya{´nsb A\pkcn¡m¯ a{´namcpw a{´nk`sb ssIshÅbnen«v A½m\amSm³ {ian¨ kn.]n. Fw. ANypXm\µ³ a{´nk`sb tIcf¯nse Gähpw tamiamb a{´nk`bm¡n amän. F¦nepw Imemh[n ]qÀ¯nbm ¡m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªp. (XpScpw)

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` hsc 7

tIc-f-¯nsâ hnI-k-\-¯nð Gsd Ipsd tI{µo-I-cn-¨p-sImïv {]hÀ¯n-¡m³ Cu kÀ¡m-cn-\m-bn. Fómð Xnc-sª-Sp¸v {]IS\ ]{Xn-I-bnð ]dª ]¯p-e£w t]À¡v sXmgnð FóXv \S-¸m-¡m³ Ign-bmsX t]mbXv kÀ¡m-cn-s\-Xnsc P\-hn-Imcw Cf-¡n-hn-Sm³ {]Xn-]-£-¯n\v Ign-ªp. AXp-Iq-SmsX FIvssk kv a{´n-bm-bn-cpó Sn.-sI. cma-Ir-jvW-s\-Xnsc Kpcp-X-c-amb A`n-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]-W-§Ä Dó-bn-¨-t¸mÄ ]mÀ«nbpw apJy-a-{´nbpw au\w ]men-¨Xv a{´n-k-`¡v Ipd-s¨ms¡ If¦w NmÀ¯p-I-bp-ïm-bn. P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw \S-¸m-¡n-b-Xnð hó hogvNbpw `cWI£n-I-fnse {]hÀ¯-IÀ {]tXy-In¨v kn.-]n.-Fw. AXns\ apX-se-S-¯p-sImïv {]hÀ¯n-¨p-sbó B tcm-]-Whpw kn.-sF.-än.-bp-hn sâ A«n-adn ka-chpw t\m¡p-Iq-en¡pw kÀ¡m-cn\v {]Xn-Ñmb \jvS-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bp-ïm-bn. kÀ¡mÀ CXn-s\-Xnsc Hópw ]d-bmt\m \S-]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-¡mt\m X¿m-dm-Im-¯-Xp-X só CXn\p Imc-Ww. G¦nepw aäpÅ a{´n-k-`-Isf At]-£n¨v Cu a{´n-k` anI¨ {]hÀ¯\w ImgvN-h-¨p-sbóv Xsó ]d-bm. CS-Xp-]£ apó-Wn-bpsS s]mXp-hmb A`n-{]m-bhpw CXp-X-só-bm-bn-cp-óp. Cu Bß-_-e-¯nð Xncn-¨p-h-cm-saó {]Xo-£-bnð Bdp-amkw _m¡n-\nðs¡ temI-k` Xnc-sª-Sp-¸n-s\m¸w \nb-a-k` Xnc-sª-Sp¸pw \S-¯m³ CS-Xp-ap-ó-Wn Xocpam\n-¨p. AXns\ XpSÀóv a{´n-k-`-bpsS cmPn KhÀ®À¡v \ðIn apJy-a{´n \nb-k-a` ]ncn-¨p-hn-S-W-saóv D]-tZ-in-¨p. CXns\ XpSÀóv KhÀ®À \nb-a-k` ]ncn-¨p-hn«v Xnc-sª-Sp¸v \S-¯m³ Ce-£³ I½n-j-t\mSv Bh-iy-s¸-«p. hmin-tb-dnb aðk-c-am-bn-cpóp B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð tI cfw Iï-Xv. C¡pdn kn.-]n.-Fw.ð \nóv ]pd-¯m-¡-s¸« Fw.-hn. cmL-h³ kn.-Fw.-]n. Fó ]pXnb ]mÀ«n cq]o-I-cn¨v sFIy-ap-ó-Wn-s¡m-¸-ap-ïm-bn-cpóp. Ccp-ap-ó-Wn-Ifpw hfsc {]Xo-£-tbm-sS-bm-bn-cpóp s]m cp-Xn-b-Xv. Xnc-sª-Sp¸v {]N-c-W-¯nsâ ]Ip-Xn-bnð Xan-gv \m-«nse {io s]cpw ]¯q-cn ðh¨v cmPo-hvKmÔn sImñ-s¸-«-Xv. CXv bp.-Un.-F-^n\v A\p-Iq-e-am-Ip-I-bm-Wp-ïm-b-Xv. cm Pohv KmÔn-bpsS AXn-Zm-cp-W-amb kw`hw kl-Xm-]-X-cw-K-am¡n amäm³ sI. Icp-Wm-I-c sâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n-epÅ sFIy-P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-ó-Wn¡v Ign-ªp. sFIy-P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-ó Wn arKob `qcn-]-£-¯nð hn P-bn-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. sI. Icp-Wm-I-csâ t\Xr-Xz-¯nð Hcp ]Xn-s\-«wK bp.-Un.-F-^v. a{´n-k` 1991 Pq¬ 24\v kXy-{]-XnÚ sNbvXv A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. 82se Icp-Wm-I-csâ a{´n-k-`¡v hn`n-ó-ambn Ht«sd {] hÀ¯-\-§Ä \S-¯m³ Cu a {´n-k-`¡v Ign-ªp. A´m-cmjv{S \ne-hm-c-¯nð Fd-Wm-Ip-f¯v Hcp hnam-\-¯m-hfw ] Wn-bp-I-sbó Bibw Cu ¡me-¯mWv DS-se-Sp-¯-Xv. s\Spw-¸m-tÈcn hnam-\-¯m-h-f-¯n\v XpS-¡-an-«p-sImïv Icp-Wm-I-c³ AXn\v \S-]SnIfm-cw-`n-¨p. P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W-¯n ð hó ]mfn-¨-IÄ ]cn-l-cn-¨p-sImïv IqSp-Xð Imcy-£-a-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡m³ \S-]-Sn-I-fp-sa-Sp-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. sS Ivt\m]mÀ¡n\v Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v Xd-¡-ñn-«p-sImïv sSIv t\m-fPn cwK¯v h³ hn¹hw Dïm-¡m³ Cu Ime¯v Ign-ªXpw FSp¯p ]d-bm-hpó Hóp-X-só-bm-Wv. hngnªw Xpd-apJw ]p\-cp-²-cn-¡m³ Cu kÀ¡mÀ {ian-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. ]gb {]Xm-]-¯n-te¡v hngn ªw Xpd-ap-Js¯ sImïp-t]m-Im-\pÅ {ia-am-bn-cpóp \ S-¯n-b-Xv. tI{µ kÀ¡m-cnsâ klmbw t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡m³ Icp-Wm-I-c³ kÀ¡m-cn\v Ign-ªp. kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-I-fnse kn³Un-t¡-äp-IÄ¡v IqSp-Xð A[n-Imcw \ðIn-bXpw Cu kÀ¡m-cm-Wv. C§s\ Gsd Ipsd anI¨ {]hÀ¯-\-hp-am bn aptóm-«p-t]m-Ipó Ah-k-c-¯n-emWv apJy-a{´n sI. Icp-Wm-I-c³ A]-I-S-¯nð s¸Sp-ó-Xv. Fd-W-Ip-f¯v \nóv Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c-t¯¡v t]mb Icp-Wm-I-csâ Imdv Imbw-Ip-f-¯n-\-Sp-¯p-h¨v A]-I-S-¯n ðs]-Sp-I-bp-ïm-bn. Kpcp-X-c-ambn ]cn-t¡ä I cp-Wm-I-cs\ Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw saUn-¡ð tImtf-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bnð {]th-in-¸n-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. a{´n kn.-hn. ]ß-cm-P-\m-bn-cpóp apJy-a-{´n-bpsS Npa-X-e. Kpcp-X-c-ambn ]cn-t¡äv A Xym-k-\-\n-e-bnð saUn-¡ð tImtfPv Bip-]-{Xn-bnð {]th-in-¸n-¡-s¸« Icp-Wm-I-csâ ]n ³Km-an-sb sNmñn tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«n-bnð hSw-h-en-bp-ïm-bn. Icp-Wm-I-csâ aI³ apc-fo-[-c\pw At±-ls¯ ]n³Xm-§n b Hcp hn`mKw ]g-b-tIm¬{K kv sF¡mcpw Hcp hi¯pw Icp-Wm-I-csâ XW-enð A t±lw hfÀ¯n hep-Xm-¡nb Pn. ImÀ¯n-tI-b³ ctaiv sN ón-¯e Fw.sF. jm\-hmkv DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ sFbnse X só asämcp hn`mKw adp-h-i ¯pw \nóm-bn-cpóp ]n³Km-an sb sNmñnbpw A[n-Im-cs¯ sNmñn hSw-hen \S-¯n-bXv. ImÀ¯n-tI-b\pw sNón¯e bpw jm\-hmkpw tNÀ¯v Xncp-¯ðhm-Zn-IÄ Fó tIm¬{K-knse asämcp {Kq¸n\v cq]w \ðIn. A§s\ tIm¬{K-kn ð ]pXnb Hcp {Kq¸p-IqSn Dïm-bn. tIm¬{K-knse {Kq¸v tNcn-Xn-cnhpw t]mcm-«hpw a{´n-k-`sb kmc-ambn _m[n-¨p. a {´n-k-`-bpsS {]hÀ¯\w aµ-K-Xn-bn-embn \mY-\n-ñm¯ ho Sp-t]m-setbm ss{Uh-dn-ñm¯ hïn-t]m-setbm Bbn XoÀó a{´n-k-`-bnð a{´n-amsc t\m ¡p-Ip-¯n-I-fm¡n DtZym-K-ØÀ `cWw \S-¯p-I-bm-Wp-ïm-b-Xv. kXy-¯nð B Imebfhv tI c-f-¯nð DtZym-K-Ø-ta-[m-hn Xzw Xsó-bm-bn-cp-óp. kÀ¡m-cnsâ Xocp-am-\-sa-óXv Nne D óX sF.-F.-F-kp-Im-cpsS Xo cp-am-\w-am-{X-ambn HXp-§n. a {´n-amÀ a{´n-a-µnc§fnepw K Ìvlu-kp-I-fnepw kpJ-kp-µ-c-ambn `cn¨p \S-óp-sbópw ] d-bmw. Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw saUn-¡ð tImtfPv Bip]{Xn-bnse NnInðk-sImïv t`Z-am-Im-¯-Xns\ XpSÀóv Icp-Wm-I-c\v Ata-cn-¡³ sImïp-t]m-bn. Ahn-sS-\nóv anI¨ NnInðk e`n¨ Icp-Wm-I-c³ Hcp amk-t¯mfw Xma-kn-¨-tijw B tcm-Ky-hm-\mbn tIc-f-X-Xnð Xn cn-s¨-¯n. Icp-Wm-I-csâ Xncn-¨p-h-chv DWÀhpw D³ta-jhpw ]mÀ«n-bnepw a{´n-k-`-bn-ep-ap-ïm-bn. Fómð AXv A[n-I-Imew \oïp \nón-ñ. 1994-þð tImfn-f¡w krjvSn¨ Nmc-t¡-knð Icp-Wm-I-csâ Itkc sXdn-¨p. Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw _ln-cm-Imi Kth-j-W-tI-{µ-¯nse H cp-Iq«w imkv{X-ÚÀ C´y bpsS imkv{X-c-l-ky-§Ä tNmÀ¯n-sIm-Sp-¯p-shópw AhÀs¡-Xnsc tIsk-Sp-¡m sX Ahsc kwc-£n-¡pó co Xn-bnð Aós¯ sF.-Pn. ca ¬ {iohm-kvXh {]hÀ¯n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp-shó kn.-_n.-sF.-bpsS Isï-¯-enð {io hm-kvX-h-bvs¡-Xnsc Icp-Wm Ic³ au\w ]men-¡p-I-bm-Wp-ïm-b-sX-óm-Wv ]d-bp-ó-Xv. {iohm-kvX-h-bvs¡-Xnsc \ S-]Sn FSp-¡m³ LS-I-I-£n-IÄt]mepw Bh-iy-s¸-«n«pw Icp-Wm-I-c³ X¿m-dm-bnñ F ópw ]dbs¸Spóp. HSp-hnð tIm¬{Kkv tZio-b-t\-Xr-Xz-t¯mSv LS-I-£n-Ifpw aäpw I cp-Wm-I-cs\ amä-W-sa-óm-h-iy-s¸-«p. KXy-´-c-an-ñmsX Icp-Wm-I-c\p cmPn-h-bvt¡-ïn-h-óp. Icp-Wm-I-c³ cmPn-h-¨-Xn s\ XpSÀóv G.-sI. BâWn apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn. 1995 amÀ¨v 22 \v apJy-a-{´n-bmbn kXy-{]-Xn Ú sNbvXv A[n-Imctaäp. \njv]-£hpw \oXn-]qÀÆ-hp-am bn {]hÀ¯n-¡m³ At±-l-¯n \v Gsd _p²n-ap-t«-ïn-h-óp. tIm¬{K-kn-\p-Ånse {Kq¸n kw AXns\mcp {][m\ Imc-W-am-bn. A[n-Imcw hns«m-gn ª Icp-Wm-I-c\pw Iq«cpw B â-Wn-bvs¡-Xnsc Xncn-ª-tXm sS {Kq¸v hg-¡n\v ]pXnb cq] hpw `mhhpw ssIhóp. asäm cp ka-b-¯p-an-ñm¯ coXn-bnð AXv aqÀÑn-¨p. Icp-Wm-I-cs\ tI{µ-hy-h-kmb a{´n-bmbn \n b-an-¨p-sImïv AXv ]cn-l-cn ¨p. A§s\ tIm¬{K-kn-\p-Ånse {Kq¸v hg¡v Gsd-¡p sd ]cn-l-cn-¨p-sImïv `cWw aptóm-«p-t]m-sb-¦nepw tIc-f-tIm¬{K-kp-IÄ X½n-epÅ t]mcv a{´n-k-`bv¡v asämcp {]Xn-k-Ôn-bp-ïm-¡n. amWnbpw ]nÅbpw tP¡ _pw ]c-kv]cw Btcm-]-W-§ Ä Dó-bn-¨p-sImïv cwK-¯p-h-ó-tXmsS apó-Wn-_-Ôw-t]m epw XI-cp-saó ØnXn Dïm-bn. hyh-kmb hIp-¸nð h³ Agn-a-Xnbmtcm]-W-§Ä Dïm-bXpw hIp¸v a{´n-bmb Ip ªm-en-Ip-«n-bvs¡-Xnsc Agn-a Xn kv{Xo]o-U-\m-tcm-]-W-§Ä Dó-bn-¨Xpw BâWn a{´n-k-`sb {]XnIq«n-em-¡n. CXn-\n-S-bnð BâWn Xncq-c-§m-Sn-bn ð\nóv h³ `qcn-]-£-t¯msS hnP-bn¨v \nb-a-k-`-bn-se-¯n-bXv a{´n-k-`bv¡pw bp.-Un.-F-^n\pw Xnf¡w ]IÀóp. _m ly-i-àn-I-fpsS CS-s]-Sð D ïm-bn-cp-ón-«p-IqSn Bâ-Wnbv ¡v h³`qcn-]£w In«n-bXv bp.-Un.-F-^n\v A`n-am-\n-¡m³ Im c-W-am-bn. C§s\ X«nbpw ap«nbpw ap tóm-«p-t]mb BâWn kÀ¡m À hÀ¤ob el-f-bv¡p-ap-ónð ]X-dn-t¸m-bn. Hómw amdmSpw tImgn-t¡mSpw I®qcpw B hÀ ¤ob el-f-bnð sh´p-cp-In. Bâ-Wn-bpsS ip²-a-\-Êns\ ]ecpw apX-se-Sp-¡m-\m-bn-cp óp Cu Ah-kcw D]-tbm-Kn-¨Xv Bâ-Wn-{Kq-¸n-\-I¯pw ]pd-¯p-ap-Å-hcpïmbncpóp. C§s\ hnI-k-\-s¯-¡m Ä IqSp-Xð Btcm-]-W-§-fp-ambn aptóm-«p-t]mb BâWn kÀ¡mÀ Xnc-sª-Sp-¸n\v sXm «p-ap³]v \S-¸m-¡nb k¼qÀ® aZy-\n-tcm-[\w tIc-f-¯nse kv{XoI-fpsS h³]n-´pW t\ Sn-sb-Sp-¡m³ klmbn¨p. F ómð AXv \S¸m¡n-b-Xnse ]mfn-¨-IÄ ImcWw KpW-t¯-¡mÄ tZmjw Dïm-¡n-sbóp ]d-bmw. k¼qÀ® aZy-\n-tcm-[\w \S-¸m-¡n-b-tXmsS tIc-f-¯nð aZy-£maw cq£-am-bn. A\y-kw-Øm-\-§-fnðt]mepw t]mbn aZyw hm§n P\-§Ä D]-tbmKn¡m³ XpS-§n. Cu Ah-kcw apX-se-Sp-¯p-sImïv kmaq-lnI hncp-²À hymP-aZyw \nÀ½n-¡m³ XpS-§n. B hym P-a-Zy-§Ä tIc-f-¯nð At\ Iw Zpc-´-§Ä Dïm-¡n. sIm ñ¯pw ]p\-eqcpw hymP-aZyw Ign¨v At\-IÀ acn-¡p-Ibpw I®p-I-fpsS ImgvN \jvSs¸Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. k¼qÀ® aZy-\n-tcm-[\w tIc-f-¯nð KpW hpw tZmjhpw krjvSn-¡p-I-bp-ïmbn. Fómð AXv \nbak `m XncsªSp¸nð BâWn¡v Bizmkw \ðIn. Iem-h[n ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb BâWn k ¼qÀ® aZy-\n-tcm-[-\-¯nsâ ]n³_-e-¯nð Xnc-sª-Sp-¸ns\ t\cn-«p. Btcm-]-W-§Ä Gsd-bp-ïm-bn-cp-ón«pw bp.-Un.-F-^n\v ]nSn-¨p-\nð¡m³ B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð Ign-ªXv k¼qÀ® a Zy-\n-tcm[ambn-cp-óp. 1996 sabv 20\v \Só Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð CS-Xp-ap-óWn tIhe `qcn-]-£-¯nð Pbn-¨-p FóXv CXv sXfn-bn-¡p-óp. B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð CSXpapóWn ap Jy-a-{´n-bmbn DbÀ¯n-sIm ïphó kpio-e-tKm-]m-es\ A«n-a-dn-¨p-sImïv C.-sI. \mb-\mÀ apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn. C§-s\-sbmcp \mS-I-¯n\p ]nónð apJy-a{´n taml-ap-ïm-bn-cpó hn.-F-kv. ANyp-Xm-\-µ-\m-sW óv ]d-b-s¸-Sp-óp. B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð apJy-a{´ntaml-hp-ambn amcm-cn-¡p-f-¯p-\nópw aðk-cn¨ At±-l-¯n\v ]cm-Pbw Gäp-hm-t§-ïn-h-óXv kp io-esb ]n´p-W-¨-h-cm-bn-cp-óp-sbópw AXn\p {]Xn-Im-c-am-bn-«mWv A§s\-sbmcp A«n-a-dn \S¯m³ ImcWw. F´m-bmepw kn.-]n.-Fw.se hn`m-Ko-bX ]pd-¯p-h-ó BZy Xnc-sª-Sp-¸m-bn-cpóp 1996se Xnc-sª-Sp-¸v. C.-sI. \mb-\mÀ ]Xn-s\-«w K a{´n-k-`-tbmsS A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. Cu a{´nk`-bpsS {] [m\ t\«w P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw tIc-f-¯nð \S-¸m-¡n-sb-ó-Xm-W-v. C.-Fw.-Fknâv hn`m-h-\-bmb P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-Ws¯ P\-Io-b-hð¡-cn-¡m³ \mb-\mÀ¡v Ign-ªp. ]nóo-SXpw k¼qÀ® aZy-\n-tcm-[\w t]m se Btcm-]-W-§-fnðs¸«p. P \-Io-bm-kq-{X-a¯nðIqSn tImSn-I-fpsS Agn-aXn \Sóp Fóm Wv ]d-b-s¸-Sp-ó-Xv. CXv a{´n-k-`-sbbpw apó-Wn-sbbpw {] Xn-Iq-«n-em-¡n. XrXe ]ôm-b¯v cq]o-I-cn-¨p-sIm-ïv A[n-Imc hntI-{µo-I-cWw \S-¸m-¡nb \mb-\m À Pnñm Iu¬knð ]ncn-¨p-hn-«p-sImïv Pnñm ]ôm-b¯v cq]o-I-cn-¨Xv tIc-f-¯nse hn I-k\ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v ]p Xnb cq]hpw `mhhpw \ðIm ³ Imc-W-am-bn. Nph¸p\m-S-bn ð IpSp-§nb ]e ]²-Xn-Ifpw shfn¨w Iïp. ]ôm-b-¯p-I Ä¡v IqSp-Xð A[n-Imcw e`n-¨-tXmsS hnI-k\ {]hÀ¯\w IqSp-Xð {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-em-bn. A Xv Xmsg-¡n-S-bn-ep-Å-hÀ¡pw e`n-¡m³ Imc-W-am-bn, Fóp Xsó ]d-bmw. hnZym-`ymk a{´n-bm-bn-cpó ]n.-sP. tPmk^v sImïp-hó Un.-]n.-C.-]n. ]mTy-]²Xn FSp-¯p-]-d-bm-hpó asämcp hnI-k\ ]²-Xn-bm-bn-cp-óp. ss{] adnXe-¯nse hnZym-`ymkw Iq Sp-Xð Imcy-£-a-am-¡m³ CXp h-gn-I-gn-ªp. Fómð lbÀ sk-¡-ïdn cq]o-I-cn-¨p-sImïv tImtf-Pp-I-fnð \nóv {]oUn{Kn thÀs]-Sp¯nbXv kÀ¡m-cn sâ {]Xn-Ñmb XIÀ¯p. lbÀ sk¡-ïdn kvIqfp-IÄ A\p-h-Zn-¨-Xnð h³ Agn-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]-W-§Ä Dó-bn-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. AXv Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð Fð.-Un.-F-^n\v {]Xn-Iq-e-am-IpI hsc-bp-ïm-bn. XpSÀóv \Só Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð Fð Un.-F-^nsâ ]cm-P-b¯n\v {][m\ ImcWw AXm-sW-óm Wv ]d-b-s¸-Sp-ó-Xv. Imem-h[n ]qÀ¯n-bm¡n Xnc-sª-Sp-¸ns\ t\cn« Fð.-Un.-F-^n\v P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W-¯nse Agn-a-Xnbpw ¹kvSp A gn-a-Xnbpw hnj-aZy Zpc-´-§fpw ]nSn-Iq-Sn. AhÀ¡v B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð ]cm-P-b-s¸-tS-ïn-h-óp. (XpScpw)   sFIy-P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-óWn h³ `qcn-]-£-¯nð hnP-bn-¨p. 2001 sabv 17\v G.-sI. Bâ-Wn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯nð aqóm-a-sXmcp a{´n-k` A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. Gsd-¡psd Agn-a-Xn-c-ln-X-amb `cWw ImgvN-sh-bv¡p-hm³ B kabw Bâ-Wn¡v Ign-ªp. Fómð sI. Icp-Wm-I-csâ t\Xr-Xz-¯nð Hcp hn`mKw a{´n-k-`-bvs¡-Xnsc {]Xn-]-£-t¯-¡mÄ henb Btcm-]-W-§Ä Dó-bn-¨Xpw Bâ-Wnbv¡v Xe-thZ\ krjvSn¨p. Icp-Wm-I-cs\ A\p-\-bn-¸n-¡m-\mbn aI³ apc-fo-[-cs\ \nb-a-k-`mw-K-a-ñm-Xn-cp-ón-«p-IqSn a{´n-bm-¡m³ BâWn X¿mdm bn. D]Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸nð IqSn \nb-a-k-`mw-K-am-Im³ {iaw \S-¯nb apc-fo-[-c\v ]cm-P-b-s¸-tS-ïn-hóp kwØm-\¯v Hcp a{´n D]-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸nð ]cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-óp. BZys¯ kw`-h-am-bn-cpóp AXv. Fómð Imem-h-[n-bpsS ] Ip-Xn-bnð Bâ-Wnbv¡v ]Sn-bn-d-t§-ïn-h-óp. AXn\v ]e-Im-c-W-§-fp-ïm-bn-cp-óp. BâWn {Kq¸nðXsó Hcp hn`mKw A t±-l-¯n-s\-Xnsc Xncn-ª-Xm Wv AXnð BZy-t¯-Xv. AXp-Iq-SmsX amdm«pw tImgn-t¡m«pw hoïpw hÀ¤ob el-f-IÄ D ïm-bXpw DtZym-K-Ø-ta-[m-hn Xzw `c-W-ta-J-e-bn-ep-ïm-bXpw aäp-Im-c-W-§fmWv DtZym-K-سamÀ Ah-cpsS CjvS-¯n-s\m¯v `cWw \S-¯n-bXv kÀ ¡m-cnsâ {]Xn-Ñm-bbv¡v tIm «w X«n-¨p. Cu Ah-k-c-¯nð Fd-Wm-Ipfw Fw.-]n.-bm-bn-cpó tPmÀPv CuUâv ac-Ws¯ XpSÀóv \Só D]-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸nð tIm ¬{K-kn\v ]cm-P-b-taðt¡-ïn-h-óXv a{´n-k-`bv¡v I\¯ Xncn-¨-Sn-bm-bn. ]nóoSp \Só temI-k` Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð sI. IcpWmIc\pw Iq«cpw tIm¬{K-kn-s\-Xnsc {]hÀ ¯n-¡p-Ibpw tIc-f-¯nsâ N cn-{X-¯n-em-Zy-ambn tIm¬{K-kn\v h³]-cm-P-b-taðt¡-ïn-h-óXpw Bâ-Wn-bvs¡-Xn-cm-bn. Hcw-Ks¯t]mepw tIm¬{K-kns\ ]mÀe-saân-te-bv¡-bv ¡m³ B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð Ign-ªn-ñ. HSp-hnð ]cm-P-b-¯n sâ D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ta-sä-Sp-¯p-sImïv BâWn cmPn-h-¨p.    (XpScpw)

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` hsc 6

hnZym`ymkcwK¯pw B`y´c hIp¸nepw ]cnjv¡mc§Ä \S¯m\pw 82þse IcpWmIc³ a{´nk`bv¡v Ignsª¦nepw tIm¬{Kkn\I¯pw ]pd¯papïmb tNcnt¸mcpw sXmgn¯nð Ip¯pw a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb XIÀ¯p FópXsó ]dbmw. AXnð Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xmbncpóp apJya{´n sI. Icp WmIc\pw B`y´c a{´nbmbncpó hbemÀ chnbpw X½nepÅXv. B`y´c hIp¸nð apJya{´n ssIIS¯nsImïpÅ {]hÀ¯\w Xm\dnbmsX \S¯póp FóXmbncpóp B`y´ca{´n hbemÀ chnbpsS Bt£]as{X. B`y´chIp¸nse ]e Xocpam\§fpw Xm\dnbmsXbmWv FSp¡pósXóXmbncpóp Icp WmIcsâ ]cmXn. B`y´c hIp¸v Fópw _elo\\mb IcpWmIc\v B hIp¸v \jv Ss¸«t¸mÄ AXnð Dcn¯ncnªXmWv Cu Btcm]WsaóXmbncpóp F Imcmb tIm ¬{KÊpImcpsS Aós¯ `mjyw. sF Imc\mb IcpWmIc\pw F Imc\mb chnbpw Gäpap«nbXn\v thsd ImcWsamópw thïtñm. AXv sImsï¯n¨Xv {Kq¸v Ifnbnembn cpóp. hbemÀ chn ]dbpósXmópw A\pkcn¡cpsXóv DóXcmb t]meokv DtZymK ØtcmSv IcpWmIc³ ]dªp FómWv At±l¯ns\Xnsc Btcm]n¨Xv. B`y´ca{´n hbemÀ chn apJya{´ns¡Xnsc BªSn¨t¸mÄ AXnsâ ap\sbmSn¡m³ IcpWmIc³ a{´nk`m ]p\:kwLS\bpambn cwK¯p hóp. B`y´c hIp¸v apJya{´n GsäSp¯p sImïv hbemÀ chnsb IrjnhIp¸nte¡v amänbt¸mÄ AXv AXnt\¡mÄ cq£amb {]XnkÔn hcp¯nXoÀ¯p. CXnð {]Xntj[n¨v G {Kq¸p Imc\mb D½³Nmïn bp.Un. F^v. I¬ho\ÀØm\w cmPnh¨p. BâWnbpw, hn.Fw. kp[oc\pw aäpw {]XnIcn¨psImïv iàambn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbn. tIm¬{KÊv ssl¡amâv CSs]«v AXn\v hncmaans«¦nepw AXv a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb \jvSs¸Sp¯nsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. C§s\sbñmw sI«S§nsbóp {]Xo£n¨ncn¡pt¼mgmWv apJya{´nbpw \nbak `mkv]o¡dpw X½nð No^v hn¸nsâ A[nImc]cn[nsb sNmñn cq£amb A`n{]mb hy XymkapïmIpóXv. \nbak`bnð \nbak`m t\XmhpIqSnbmb apJya{´nbnð \nóv Nne A[nImcw amän No^v hn¸n\v sImSp¯psImïv kv]o¡À hn.Fw. kp[oc³ \S]Sn FSp¡pIbpïmbn. sF Imc\mb IcpWmIc\pw F Imc\mb kp[oc\pw X½nð CS À¨bpïmIm³ CXv [mcmfw aXnbmbncpóp. IcpWmIcs\ Gähpa[nIw FXnÀ¯hcnð kp[oc³ BZys¯ ]«nIbnð Xsó hcpópshóp Xsó ]dbmw. Aóv kÀ¡mÀ No^v hn¸v Ip«\mSv Fw.Fð.F. tUm.sI.kn.tPmk^mbncpóp. A§s\ k`m]nXmhpw k`m t\Xmhpw X½nð No^v hn¸nsâ A[nImcs¯ k`bv¡I¯p am{Xañ ]pd¯pw Gäpap«nbXv a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmbsb If¦s¸Sp¯n. CXn\nSbnð {]Xn]£ hnZymÀ°n kwLS\IÄ hnZym`ymk a{´ns¡Xnsc iàambn cwK¯p hótXmsS t]meokpw hnZymÀ°nIfpw X½nð Gäpap«n. AXv ]et¸mgpw cà s¨mcn¨nenð hscsb¯nsbóp ]dbmw. A§s\ Iñnepw apÅnepambn aptóm«pt]mIp óXn\nSbnð a{´nk` an\p¡nsbSp¡m³ apJya{´n a{´nk`bnte¡v bphmhmb a{´nsb FSp¡pIbpïmbn. Aóv IcpWmIcsâ am\k]p{Xs\óv hnfn¨ncpó ctaiv sN ón¯esbbmbncpóp apJya {´n IcpWmIc³ Xsâ a{´n k`bnte¡v FSp¯Xv. tIcf ¯nse Gähpw {]mbw Ipd ª a{´nbmbncpóp Aóv c taiv sNón¯e. AXpsIm ïpw a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb hÀ²n¸n¡m³ IcpWmIc\m bnñ. X¨Sn {]`mIct\bpw c taiv sNón¯ebvs¡m¸w a{´nbmbn FSp¯psbópw ]dbs«. C§s\bncns¡ bq¯v tIm¬{KÊpImcpw apóWnbnse LSI I£nIfmb apÉoweoKpw tIcf tIm¬{KÊpImcpw X½nð asämcp Gäpap«epïmbn. Aóv tIm¬{KÊns\ Häbv¡v `cn¡m\pÅ `qcn] £apïmbncpóp. AXpsImïpXsó tIm¬{Kkv Häbv¡v `cn¡Wsaóv LSII£nIsf a{´nk`bnð \nópw amäWsaópw bq¯v tIm¬{Kkv {]knUâmbncpó Pn. ImÀ¯ntIb³ Bhiys¸SpIbpïmbn. CXv eoKnt\bpw tIcf tIm¬{KÊnt\bpw sNmSn¸n¡pIbpïmbn. AhÀ bq¯v tIm¬{KÊns\Xnsc bp.Un. F^v. kanXn¡v apónð ]cmXn kaÀ¸n¨p. ]cmXn kzoIcn¨ bp.Un.F^v. kanXn sF IyP\m[n]Xy apóWn tbmK¯nð NÀ¨ sNbvXp. B tbmK¯nð X§sf tIm¬{Kkv hneIpd¨v ImWn¨p Fóv ]dªpsImïv Cd§nt¸mbn. sFIyapóWnhn«v CSXp]mfb¯nð IbdpIbmbncpóp e£ysa¦nepw eoKnt\bpw tIcf tIm¬{KÊnt\bpw hÀKob I£nIfmbn C.Fw.Fkv. DÄs¸sSbpÅ kn.]n.Fw. t\Xm¡Ä Nn{XoIcn¨XpsImïv B {iaw \Sónñ. Fómð A Xv NmbtIm¸bnse Hcp sImSp¦mämbn amdpIam{XamWpïmbXv. A[nImcanñmsXbpw CcpapóWnIfnepw CñmsX bpancpómð X§Ä Hópañm XmIpsaóv ChÀ IcpXnb XpsImïv AXv AhnSwsImïv sI«S§n. a{´nk`sb ]nSn¨pe¨ asämcp kw`hw tIcfm tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhpw a{´nbpambncpó BÀ. _meIrjvW]nÅbpsS ]ôm_v tamUð {]kwKambncpóp. tIcf¯nð Øm ]n¡m\ncpó sdbnðth tIm¨p ^mIvSdn ]ôm_nte¡v amän Øm]n¡m³ tI{µw Xocp am\saSp¡pIbpïmbn. cmPo hvKmÔnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ tIm¬{Kkv a{´nk`bmbn cpóp B Xocpam\saSp¯Xv. Aóv ]ôm_v JmenØm³ hmZnIfmb `oIcÀ¡v Ip{]kn²n t\Snb kwØm\ambncpóp. tIcf a{´nk`bnð sdbnðthbpsS NpaXe Aóv BÀ. _meIrjvW]nÅ¡mbn cpóp. tI{µ¯nsâ Cu Xocpam\¯nð Aóv tIcf¯nð iàamb AaÀjw AebSn¡p ó kabambncpóp. tIcf tIm¬{KÊnsâ sIm¨nbnse kt½f\¯nð h¨v tIcf¯nð A\phZnt¡ï tIm¨p^mIvSdn ]ôm_nð A\phZn¨Xv \µntISpw \oXn¡p \nc¡m ¯XpamsWópw tIcf¯nð `oIc {]hÀ¯\w \S¯m¯XpsImïmtWm C§s\ sN ¿pósXópw At±lw XpdóSn¡pIbpïmbnsbómWv ]dbpóXv. am[ya§Ä AXv tI cf¯nð ]ôm_v tamUð `oIc{]hÀ¯\w \S¯Wsaópw A§s\ sNbvXmð tIc f¯nð tIm¨p ^mIvSdnbpw hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§fpw tI{µw sN¿psaópw BÀ. _me IrjvW]nÅ ]dªpshóv FgpXpIbpïmbn. B hnhmZ {]kvXmh\ tIcf cmjv{Sobs¯ Cf¡nadn¨p. kwØm\w `cn¡pó Hcp a{´n cmPyt{ZmlIpäw \S¯póXn\p Xpeyambn {]kwKn¨p shóphsc Btcm]Wapïmbn. {]Xn]£hpw tIm¬{KÊpw _meIrjvW]nÅs¡Xnsc BªSn¨p. sslt¡mSXnbnð CXns\Xnsc s]mXp Xmev]cy lÀPn hsc kaÀ¸n¡pIbpïmbn. kw`hs¯¡pdn¨v PpUojyð At\zjW amhiys¸«psImïv {]Xn]£hpw bq¯v tIm¬{KÊpw cwK¯p hótXmsS kÀ¡mÀ PpUojyð At\zjW¯n\v D¯chn«p. sslt¡mSXn dn«. PUvPn PÌnkv Pm\Inb½bmbncpóp PpUojyð At\zjW I½oj³. B {]kwK¯nð _meIr jvW]nÅ F´mWv ]dªsXóv ZrIvkm£nIÄ ]ecoXnbnð ]dbpIbpïmbn. s]m«³ B\sb Iït]mse. Fómð kvIdnb FóbmÄ AXv hoUntbmbnð FSp¯ncpóp. Fómð AXv hnkvXcn¨t¸mÄ ]e`mK§fpw AXnð \nóv amäs¸«ncpóp FómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. F´mbmepw AXnsâ kXyw Cópw Fs´óv BÀ¡padnbnñ. C§s\ {]XnkÔnIfnð IqSnbpw {]Xntj[¯nðIqSnbpw Agn aXnbmtcm]W¯nð IqSnbpw \o§nb a{´nk`bv¡v Aôv hÀjw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ Ign ªp. a{´nk`bpsS Ahkm\ \mfpIfnð {]Xn]£w iàamb kac§fpambn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbn. Un.ssh. F^v.sF. a{´namsc hgnbnð XSªpsImïv hgnXSbð kacwhsc \S¯pIbpïmbn. C§s\sbms¡bmsW¦nepw Aôv hÀjw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ k À¡mcmbn amäm³ IcpWmIc\v Ignªp. 1987 amÀ¨v hsc B a{´nk` XpSÀóp. 1987 amÀ¨nð \Só s]mXpXncsªSp¸nð CS XpP\m[n]Xy apóWn¡v `qcn]£w e`n¡pIbpïmbn. CXns\ XpSÀóv CSXp]£ P \m[n]Xy apóWnbpsS C. sI. \b\mcpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ Hcp ]Xns\«wK a{´n k` A[nImctaäp. Cu a{´n k`bnð \b\mÀ, sI.BÀ. Kucn, t__n tPm¬ Sn.sI. lwk, sI. N{µtiJc³, ]n. Fkv.  {io\nhmk³ XpS§nb {]KÛcpsS Hcp \ncXsóbpïmbn. tIcf¯nð A[nImchntI{µoIcW¯n\v XpS¡an« Hcp P\Iob a{´nk`bmbncpóp CsXóv Xpdóp ]dbmw. A[nImcw hntI{µoIcn¡póXnsâ `mKamb Pnñm Iu¬knep IÄ cq]oIcn¨psImïv Hcp kp{][m\ Xocpam\¯n\v XpS¡an«Xv FSp¯p ]dtbï HómWv. `mcX¯nsâ Bßmhv {Kma§fnð Fó Bib¯n\v AÀ°hpw hym]vXnbpw \ðIm³thïn C.Fw.FÊnsâ Bibambncpóp Pnñm Iu¬knse¦nepw AXv Nph¸p \mSbnð Ipcp§msX Imcy§Ä aptóm«pt]mIm³ klmbn¨p. A´na Xocpam\w sk {I«dntbäv FóXp amän AXmXp Pnñm BØm\¯p Xsósbó coXnbnð e£yan«psIm ïv Øm]n¨ Pnñm Iu¬knens\ {Kma{]tZi§fnð hnIk\w \S¯m³ Ipsdsbms¡ Ignªp. Fómð AXv ]qÀ® ^e {]m]vXnbnse¯m³ Ignªnñ. \S¸m¡nb coXnbnse ]nghpw hyàamb \nÀÆN\hp anñm¯Xmbncpóp AXn\p ImcWw. AXv Gsd XmaknbmsX {XnXe ]ômb¯mbn Pnñm ]ômb¯mbn amdn hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\w {Kma§fnep sa¯n¨p. ]ômb¯vcmPv kwhn[m\¯nsâ Bibhpw B hnjv¡mchpambn Cópw \n esImÅpó Pnñm ]ômb¯nsâ XpS¡w Pnñm Iu¬knepw AXv Øm]n¨Xv C. sI. \b\mÀ a{´nk`bpsaóXv B a{´nk`bpsS t\«ambnXsó ImWWw. P\Iobmkq{XWw, k¼qÀ® km£cX Fóo cïv Bib§Ä¡pw XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv Cu a{´nk`bmbncpóp. tIm«bw ]«Ww C´ybnse BZy k¼qÀ® km£cX t\Snb ]«Whpw FdWmIpfw BZy k¼qÀ® km£cX t\Snb Pnñbpambn amdns¡mïv tIcfw temI¯n\p Xsó amXrIbmbXv CXnsâ hnPbambn ImWmw. Aóv AXn\p t\XrXzw \ðInb tIm«bw IfIvSÀ Aðt^m³kv I®´m\hpw FdWmIpfw Pnñm IfIvSÀ C.sI. `cXv`qjWpw? (sI.BÀ. cmP³) sNbvX tkh\w hneaXn¡m¯Xp XsóbmWv. `cXv `qj¬ ]nóoSv No^v sk{I«dnbpw I®´m\w ]nóoSv Fw.Fð.F.bpambn. CXnsâ BthiapÄs¡mïp sImïv kÀ¡mÀ k¼qÀ® km£cX kwØm\saó Bib¯n\v iàn ]Icm³ ]e Bib§fpw sImïphcnIbpïmbn. AXv tIcfs¯ temI¯n\p apónð amXrIbm¡n. (XpScpw)

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` hsc `mKw- 5

Xriqcnð BgvNItfmfw sXmgnemfnIfpw hym]mcnIfpw X½nð kacw \S¯pIbpïmbn. CXv H¯p XoÀ¸m¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\v IgnbmsX t]mbn. hym]mcnIsf Iq¨phne§nSpó coXnbnte¡v kÀ¡mÀ t]mbt¸mÄ AhÀ AXns\Xnsc BªSn¨psImïv kwLSnXcmbn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbn. AhÀ X§fpsS AhImi§Ä kwc£n¡póXn\pthïnbpw iàcmIpóXn\pthïnbpw Hcp kwLS\¡p cq]w \ðIm³ Xocpam\n¨p. A§s\ AhÀ Hcp hym]mcn hyhkmb kwLS\bv¡v cq]w \ðIn. ]nð¡me¯v hym]mc hyhkmb GtIm]\ kanXnbmbn amdnbXv B kwLS\bmbncpóp. A§s\ C´ybnð BZyambn hym]mcnIÄ¡mbn Hcp kwLS\ \nehnð hópsImïv tIcfw amXrIbmbn. hym]mcnIÄs¡Xnsc kn. sF.Sn.bp.hnsâ \o¡w iàambn XpSÀópsImtïbncpóp. kn.sF.Sn.bp. A«nadn kacw iàam¡pIbpw hym]mcnIsf IqSpXð {]XnkÔnbnem¡p Ibpw sNbvXn«pw kÀ¡mÀ Hópw sNbvXnñsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. kÀ¡mcns\t]mepw a dnISópsImïv kn.sF.än.bp. X§fpsS iàn Iq«nbt¸mÄ kÀ¡mÀ shdpw t\m¡pIp ¯nIfmbnsbóp Xsó ]dbmw. CtXmsS kn.sF.Sn.bp. `cW¯nepw ]mÀ«nbnepw B [n]Xyapd¸n¨p. AhÀ BÄ _e¯nð Ac§p XIÀ¯p sImïv AgnªmSpIbmWp ïmbXv. CXv km[mcW¡mcmb P\§sft]mepw _p²nap«n¨p. t\m¡pIqenbpw A«nadnbpw `bóv km[mcW¡mcmb P\§Ät]mepw hnjan¨t¸mÄ AXv kÀ¡mcns\XnscbmIm³ ImcWambn. kn. sF.Sn.bp.hnsâ AXncp ISó kac amÀ¤§fpw {]hÀ¯\§fpw P\§fpsS CSbnð kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc Xncnbm³ ImcWambn. kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc P\hnImcw CfIn adnªp. AtXmsS {Iakam[m\\ne BsI Xmdpamdmbn. t]meokns\ shdpw t\m¡pIp¯nIfm¡n sImïv A{Ia kacw \S¯nb kn.]n.Fw. DÄs¸« `cW apóWn I£nIfpsS A{Ia kacs¯ ASn¨aÀ¯m³ t]meokn\p IgnbmsX t]mbXv tIcf¯nse {Iakam[m\\ne IqSpXð hjfm¡n. tIcf¯nse {Iakam[m\ \nesb¸än tIcf tIm¬{Kkv amWn {Kq¸v XpSsc XpSsc Bi¦ {]ISn¸n¨psImïncpsó¦nepw apóWn hnSm³ X¿mdmbnñ. BÀ.Fkv.]n. t\Xmhmbncpó F³. {ioIWvT³\mbÀ Kh¬saâns\ \ninXambn hnaÀin¨psImïncpóp. BÀ.Fkv.]n. a{´namÀ apóWn hnSWsaóp hsc At±lw Bhiys¸SpIbpïmbn. \mSnsâ \m\m`mK§fnð \Só A{Ia§sf¡pdn¨pw sIm e]mXI§sf¡pdn¨pw apóWnbnse {]apJ I£nbpsS t\XmhpIqSnbmb ap³ apJya{´n kn.ANypX tat\m³ iàambn FgpXpIhscbpïmbn. kÀ¡mcnsâ ]nSn¸ptISpw sISpImcyØXbpw At±lw Xsâ Fgp¯nð IqSn Xpdóp Im«nbXv `cW apóWn¡pw a {´nk`bv¡pw \mWt¡Spïm¡n. kÀ¡mcns\ Hcp t\m¡pIp¯nbmbn At±lw Nn {XoIcn¨p. CXn\nSbnð tIm¬{Kkv tZiob t\XrXzw tIcf tIm¬{Kkv amWn {Kq¸n\v ASp¯ XncsªSp¸nð 25 \nbak`m koäv \ðImsaóv hmKvZm\w sNbvXp. CXv tI« DS³ Xsó amWn CSXp apóWn hn«v sFIyapóWnbnð tNt¡dn. X§sf ISóm{Ian¡pó kn.]n.Fw.t\mSv ASp¡m³ Hcphn[¯nepw IgnbmsX hóXns\ XpSÀóv BâWn tIm¬{Kkpw CSXp apóWn hn«p. AhÀ h³ P\Iob dmen \S¯n e£§fpsS apónð h¨v CµncmKmÔnbpsS kmón²y¯nð tIm¬{KÊnte¡v Xncn¨p hóXv tIcf¯nð tIm¬{Kkn\v iàn hÀ²n¡m³ ImcWambn. Aóv e£§sf ]s¦Sp¸n¨psImïv \S¯nb dmen tIcf¯nsâ Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw henb {]IS\§fnð Hómbn XoÀóp. amWnbpw BâWn tIm¬{KÊpw CSXp apóWn hn«tXmsS \b\mÀ a{´nk`bv¡p ]nSn¨p\nð¡m³ Ignªnñ. At±l¯n\v cmPn hbv¡pIbñmsX asämcp amÀ ¤anñmsXbmbn. HSphnð `q cn]£w \jvSs¸« \b\mÀ cmPnh¨p. \b\mÀ a{´nk`bpsS `cWw XoÀ¯pw Hcp ]cmPbamsWóp Xsó ]dbmw. a{´nk`sb ISnªmWn«p sImïv ]mÀ«n Xmð]cy§Ä am{Xw \S¸m¡m³ {ian¨ ]mÀ«n sk{I«dntbäpw AXnsâ t]mjI kwLS\Ifpw \b\mÀ a{´nk`bpsS AÔI\msbóp ]dbpóXmWv icn. Fóncpómepw \b\mÀ a{´n k` Nne \ñImcy§Ä sNbvXXv FSp¯p ]dtbïXmWv. IÀjI sXmgnemfn s]³j³, ¹mtâj³ tImÀ¸tdj\pIfpsS GIoIcWw XpS§nb FSp¯p]dbmhpóh B Ime¯mWv \S¸mbXv. Fóncpómepw B Kh¬saânsâ `cWw Hcp ]cmPbambncpóp. \b\mcpsS cmPnsb XpSÀóv IcpWmIcsâ t\XrXz¯nð sFIyPm\m[n]Xy apóWn a{´nk` 1981 Unkw_À 28\v A[nImctaäp. ]¯\wXn« Fw.Fð.F. sI.sI. \mbÀ Fó kzX{´ AwK¯nsâ ]n³XpWbnembncpóp B a{´nk` hóXv. ]¯\wXn« Pnñ cq]oIcn¡msaó hmKvZm\¯ntòembncpóp sI.sI. \mbÀ B a{´nk`sb ]n´pW¨Xv. HcwK¯nsâ `qcn]£¯nembncpóXn\mð Cu a{´nk`bptSbpw sFIy P\m[n]Xy apóWnbpsS \nbak`m {]hÀ¯\hpw kv]o¡dnsâ ImÌnwKv thm«ns\ B{ibn¨mbncpóp. G.kn. tPmkmbncpóp \nbak`m kv]o¡À. \nbak`bnð Ccp apóWnIÄ¡pw XpeyX hómð `qcn]£¯n\mbn kv]o¡À¡v thm«v sN¿mw CXmWv ImÌnwKv thm«v. B Ime¯v thm«v Hm¬ A¡uïnð t]mepw kv]o¡dpsS ImÌnwKv thm«v thWsaó KXntISnembncp óp Aóv \nbak`bnð Imcy§Ä \SóXv. AXpsImïp Xsó Fñm Imcy¯n\pw kv ]o¡À thm«v sNt¿ïnhóp. tIcf¯nð am{Xañ C´ybnð Xsó Gähpw IqSpXð Im ÌnwKv thm«v sNbvXXv Aóv kv]o¡dmbncpó G.kn. tPm kmbncpóp. At±ls¯ Im ÌnwKv kv]o¡sdómbncpóp Aóv hnfn¨ncpóXv. C§s\ \nc§n \o§nb IcpWmIc³ a{´nk` bpsS ]X\w hfsc A{]Xo £nXambncpóp. amWn {Kq¸nse ]nfÀ¸mbncpóp AXn\p ImcWw. amWn {Kq¸nse tem \¸³ \¼mS³ tIcf tIm¬{KÊnð \nóv cmPn h¨v kn.]n.Fw.te¡v tNt¡dnbXm bncpóp AXn\p ImcWw. AtXmsS `qcn]£w \jvSs¸« IcpWmIcsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ bp.Un.F^v. a{´nk` \news]m¯n. 1982 amÀ¨v 17\v IcpWmIc³ KhÀ®À¡v cmPn¡¯v \ðInbtXmsS Að]mbpÊmb B a{´nk`bpw Ncn{X¯nte¡v Bbn¡gnªp. BÀ¡pw `qcn]£anñm¯Xns\ XpSÀóv \nbak` ]ncn¨phn«v tIcf¯nð Hcn¡ðIqSn cmjv{S]Xn `cWw GÀs¸Sp¯n. cmjv{S]Xn `cWw Ahkm\n¸n¨v 1982 sabv 19\v \nbak`m XncsªSp¸v \S¯m³ cmjv{S]Xn D¯chnd¡n. AtXmsS tIcfw ao\¨q Snt\¡mÄ NqSv ]nSn¨p Fóv ]dbpóXmWv \ñXv. Cu sXcsªSp¸nð kn.]n.Fw.sâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ CSXp P\m[n]Xy apóWnbpw tIm¬{KÊnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ sFIyP\m[n]Xy apóWnbp ambncpóp Gäpap«nbXv. CcpapóWnIfpw ]gb apóWnIÄ Xsóbmbncpsó¦nepw AJnte´ym apÉoweoKv CSXp apóWnbpsS `mKambn \nópsImïv aÕcn¨XmWv FSp¯p]dbmhpó Hcp Imcyw. Aóv cïv apÉoweoKpIÄ Dïmbncpóp. C´y³ bq Wnb³ apÉoweoKpw, AJnte´ym apÉoweoKpw. IcpWmIc\pw, F.sI. BâWnbpw, sI.Fw. amWnbpw, Ahp¡mZÀIp«n\lbpw tNÀó iàcmb bp.Un.F^v. t\Xm¡fm bncpóp sFIyP\m[n]Xy apóWnsb \bn¨sX¦nð C.Fw.FÊpw, ]n.sI.hnbpw, sI.BÀ Kucnbpw, ]¦Pm£\pw, Fw.hn. cmLh\pw, C. sI. \b\mcpw, t__n tPmWpaS§pó {]KÛ³amcmbncpóp CSXp apóWnsb \bn¨Xv. B XncsªSp¸nð sFIyP\m[n]XyapóWn¡v `qcn]£w In«n. AXns\ XpSÀóv tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhpw tIcf¯nsâ kz´w eoUdp amb sI. IcpWmIcsâ t\XrXz¯nð Hcp a{´nk` 1982 sabv 24\v kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImctaäp. IcpWmIcs\ IqSmsX hbemÀ chn, sI.Fw. amWn, ]n.sP. tPmk^v, sI. Ahp¡mZÀIp«n \l XpS§nb {]KÛcpsS Hcp \nc Ba{´nk`bnð Dïmbncpóp. Cu a{´nk` Aôv hÀjw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨p FóXv FSp¯p ]dtbï Hóp XsóbmWv. ImcWw AXn\p ap³]v AôphÀjw AXmbXv Imemh[n ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ GI a{´nk` ANypXtat\m³ a{´nk`bmbncpóp. Ht«sd `cW ]cnjv ¡mc§Ä hcp¯nb a{´nk`sbó IoÀ¯n Cu a{´nk`bv¡v AhImis¸Smw. AXnð Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv B`y´c hIp¸nð \S¸m¡nbXmWv. B`y´c a{´nbmbncpó hbemÀ chn t]meoknsâ {]XnÑmb hÀ²n¸n¡m³ Ht«sd ]cnjv¡mc§Ä hcp¯nsbóXmWv bmYmÀ°yw. ]gb bqWnt^mamb {Uukdpw jÀ«pw Xe¸mhv sXm¸nbpw amän Ct¸mgs¯ coXnbnepÅ bqWnt^mw sImïphóXv chn bpsS Ime¯mWv. {Uukdns\Xnsc A¡me¯v hfsc tbsd Bt£]§Ä Dïm bncpóXpsImïmWv A§s\sbmcp \o¡w At±lw \S¯nbXv. t]meokv shðs^bÀ skñpIfpw t]meokpImÀ¡v AtÊmkntbj\pïm¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ A\paXn \ðInbXpw B Ime¯mbncpóp. C´ybnð BZyambn kwØm\ t]meokv tk\¡v AtÊmkn tbj\pïmIpóXv tIcf¯nseóXv A`nam\n¡mhpóXp Xsó. sshZypXn t_mÀUnð Ém_v knÌw sImïphópsImïv Aós¯ hnZyp Ñàn taJebnð amä§Ä Dïm¡nsbóXv asämcp ImcyamWv. hnZypÑàn a{´nbpsS Xmð¡menI NpaXe Bdpam kt¯¡v GsäSp¯ sI.Fw. amWn shfn¨ hn¹hw \ðIn At\Iw t]À¡v IW£\pIÄ \ðIn. tIcf¯nð {]oUn{Kn tImtfPnð \nóv amän kvIqfpIfm¡n lbÀ sk¡âdn hn`mKw XpS§m³ Xocpam\saSp¯Xv B a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯mbncpóp. Aós¯ hnZym`ymk a{´nbmbncpó Sn. Fw. tP¡_nsâ al¯mb Bibhpw Xocpam\hpambncpóp AsXóp ]dbmXncn¡m³ Xcanñ. Fómð Cu Xocpam\s¯ iàambn FXnÀ¯p sImïpw CXv Hcp aï³ Xocpam\amsWóv hnfn¨pIqhnsImïpw CSXp]£ hnZymÀ°n kwLS\Ifmb Fkv. F^v.sF.bpw F.sF.Fkv.F^pw DÄs¸sSbpÅhÀ cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbn. AXp sImïpXsó B \o¡w Aóv \S¡msX t]mbn. ]nð¡me¯v ¹kv Sp kvIqÄ tIcf¯nð XpS§nbXv kn.]n.Fw. t\XrXzw \ðIpó CSXpP\m[n]Xy apóWn a{´nk`bmsWóXv Hcp cmjv{Sob hntcm[m`mkambn Xsó ImWmw. Fómð ]nóoSv Sn. Fw. tP¡_v Cu a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯v sImïphó kz ImcytaJebnð IqSpXð t]mfnsSIv\nIv FóXv apóWn¡I¯pt]mepw h³ FXnÀ¸v £Wn¨phcp¯n. CXnð kzP\]£ ]mZhpw AgnaXnbmsWóv {]Xn]£hpw am{Xañ `cWI£nbnse {]apJ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbmb tIm¬{KÊnsâ hnZymÀ°n kwLS\bmb sI. Fkv.bp.hpw AhcpsS bphP\kwLS\bmb bq¯v tIm¬{KÊpt]mepw ]ckyambn cwK¯p hcnIbpïmbn. a{´nk`bpsS {]XnÑmb XIÀ¡pó \S]Snbmbn«mWv AhÀ AXns\ hntijn¸n¨Xv. tIcf¯n\p ]pd¯pt]mbn ]Tn¡msX tIcf¯nð Xsó ]Tn¡m³ Ip«nIÄ¡v Ahkcapïm¡pIbpw AhcpsS ]Ww tIcf¯nte¡v Xsó hcpóXn\pw sXmgnehkc§Ä DïmIpóXn\pw e£yw h¨mbncpsó¦nepw AXnð ]tcm£ambpw {] Xy£ambpw Btcm]W¯nsâ \ngð Dïmbncpóp FómWv ]dbpóXv. ]nóoSv kzIm cytaJebnð AtX Bibw DÄsImïp sImïv t]mfnsSIv\nIv A\phZn¨Xpw CSXp]£ apóWn kÀ¡mcmbncpóp FóXpw AXntesd ckIcambXmWWv. tIcf¯nð a²yXncphn XmwIqdnð Hcp bqWnthgvknän Fó kz]v\w Fw.Pn. kÀÆ Iemime Øm]n¨psImïv ]qhWnbn¨Xv B a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯mbn cpóp. cmjv{S]Xn Kym\n skbnð knwMv Bbncpóp AXv cmjv{S¯n\v \ðInbXv. aetbmc {]tZi¯v Hcp Pnñ Fó Bhiy¯n\v ]¯\wXn« BØ\ambn Pnñ cq]nIcn¨p sImïv km£mXv¡cn¨Xpw B a{´nk`bpsS Ime¯mbncpóp.

BZya{nk` apX D Nmn a{nk` hsc `mKw4

1977-þse tZiob s]mXp-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸n-s\m¸w tIc-f-\n-b-a-k-`-bnepw Xnc-sª-Sp¸v \S-¯n. tZiob cmjv{So-b-¯nð ASn-b-´-cm-h-Ø-bpsS Xnà-^-e-§Ä {]Xn-^-en-¨-t¸mÄ tIm¬{Kkv Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð C´y-bpsS Ncn-{X-¯n-em-Zy-ambn ]cm-Pbw cpNn-¨p. Pb-{]-Imiv \mcm-b-W-sâbpw tamdm ÀPn-tZ-im-bn-bp-sSbpw t\Xr-Xz-¯nð kwL-S\m tIm¬{Kkv, tkmjy-enÌv ]mÀ«n, P\-kwLw ]pXp-Xmbn cq]o-I-cn¨ tIm¬{Kkv t^mÀ Utam-{Ikn Fóo ]mÀ«n-Isf tNÀ¯v cq]o-I-cn¨ P\-Xm-]mÀ«n-¡mWv B Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð `qcn-]-Ivjw In«n-b-Xv. Fómð tIc-f-¯nð tIm¬{Kkv t\XrXzw \ðInb Iq«-I-£n-IÄ¡mWv `qcn-]£w e`n-¨-Xv. ASn-b-´-cm-h-Ø-bpsS Xnà-^-e-§Ä tIc-f-¯n-ep-ïm-sb-¦nepw AXv tIc-f-¯nse tIm¬{K-kn-s\-Xnsc Xncn-bm³ P\-§sf t{]cn-¸n-¨n-ñ-sb-óp-Xsó ]d-bmw. 1977 amÀ¨nð sI.-I-cp-Wm-I-c³ t\Xr-Xz-¯nð tIm¬{Kkv t\XrXzw \ðInb Hcp a{´n-k` A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. Icp-Wm-I-c³ apJy-a-{´n-bm-Ipó BZy-a-{´n-k-`-bm-bn-cpóp CXv. Fómð Icp-Wm-I-c\v A[n-I-Imew apJy-a{´n Itk-c-bn-en-cn-¡m³ Ign-ªn-ñ. ASn-b-´-c-hmØ Ime¯v t]meokv IÌ-Un-bnðh¨v ImWm-Xmb tImgn-t¡mSv dnP-Wð Fôn-\n-b-dnwKv tImtfPv hnZymÀ°n cmPsâ ]nXmhv Cu¨chmcyÀ sslt¡m-S-X-bnð kaÀ¸n¨ tl_n-bkv tImÀ¸kv s]äo-j³ Bbn-cpóp AXn\v Imc-Ww. s]äo-j³ kzoI-cn-¨p-sImïv ASn-b-´-cm-h-Ø-Im-e¯v B`y-´-c-a-{´n-bm-bn-cpó sI. Icp-Wm-I-cs\ sslt¡m-SXn hnkvX-cn-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. tImS-Xn-bnð sNbvX kXy-hm-Mnð Icp-Wm-I-c³ Nne sXämb hnh-c-§Ä \ðIn-sbóv tImSXn Isï-¯p-Ibpw AXns\ hnaÀin-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tImSXn hnaÀin¨ apJy-a{´n Icp-Wm-I-c³ cmPn-h-bv¡-W-saóv P\m-`n-{]m-b-ap-ïm-bn. AXns\ XpSÀóv Icp-Wm-I-c³ cmPn-h-¨p. Icp-Wm-I-csâ cmPnsb XpSÀóv G.-sI. Bâ-Wnsb apJy-a-{´n-bmbn Xnc-sª-Sp-¯p. BâWn 1977 G{]nð 27\v apJy-a-{´n-bmbn kXy-{]-XnÚ sNbvXv A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. apÉnw-eoKpw tIc-f-tIm¬{Kkpw F³.-Un.-]n.-bp-am-bpÅ Icp-Wm-I-c³ a{´n-k-`-bnse AwK-§-Ä Xsó-bm-bn-cpóp Bâ-Wn-s¡m-¸-ap-ïm-bn-cp-ó-Xv. Aóv C´y-bnse Gähpw {]mbw Ipdª apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn-cpóp Ahn-hm-ln-X-\m-bn-cpó G.-sI. Bâ-Wn, 34 hb-Êm-bn-cpóp apJy-a-{´n-bmbn Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ Bâ-Wn¡v bphm-hmb apJy-a{´n AXp-sIm-ïp-Xsó bphm-¡ÄI-Ip-thïn Ht«sd ]²-Xn-IÄ sImïp-h-cn-I-bp-ïm-bn. sXmgn-en-ñmbva thX\w an{i-hn-hm-ln-XÀ¡pÅ B\p-Iq-ey-§Ä hmÀ²-Iy-Im-e-s]³j³ XpS-§n-b-hbv¡v XpS¡w Ipdn-¨Xv Cu¡me-¯m-bn-cp-óp. Fwt¹m-bvsaâv FIvtk-ônð IqSn IqSp-Xð sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä krjvSn-¨p-sImïv B`y-Ø-hn-ZyÀ¡v Xm§pw XWepw \ðIm³ Bâ-Wn-bpsS Cu kÀ¡m-cn-\p-I-gn-ªp. Fwt¹m-bvsaâv FIvtk-ôns\ IqSp-Xð Imcy-£-a-am-¡m-\pÅ \S-]Sn FSp-¯Xv Bâ-Wn-bpsS Ime-¯m-bn-cp-óp-sb-óp-Xsó ]d-bmw. Agn-aXn XS-bm-\mbn hnPn-e³kv skñp-IÄ cq]o-I-cn¨ BâWn AXn-s\-Xnsc ià-ambn \ne-sIm-ïp-sb-óp-Xsó ]d-bmw. ]ôm-b-¯p-IÄ¡v IqSp-Xð A[n-Imcw \ðIn-sImïv Hcp P\-Iob kÀ¡m-cn\v BâWn t\XrXzw \ðIn-sb-óp-Xsó ]d-bmw. AXp-Iq-SmsX ASn-b-´-cm-hØ Ime¯v s]meokv \S-¯nb \nb-a-hn-cp² {]hÀ¯-\-§fpw shfn-¨-¯p-sIm-ïp-hóv AhÀs¡-Xnsc \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-¡m\pw Bâ-Wn {ian-¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. C§s\ Gsd-¡psd P\-Iob {]hÀ¯-\-§-fp-ambn aptóm-«p-t]m-Ip-t¼m-gm-bn-cpóp Cu a{´n-k-`-bnse cïw-K-§-fmb Un.-F-¨v. apl-½Zv tImbbv¡pw sI.-Fw. amWn-¡p-sa-Xnsc Xnc-sª-Sp¸v tIkp-IÄ sslt¡m-SXn kzoI-cn-¡p-ó-Xv. sslt¡m-S-Xn-bpsS hn[n AhÀs¡-Xn-cm-bn-cp-óp. AXns\ XpSÀóv AhÀ¡v cmPn-h-bvt¡-ïn-h-óp. amWn cmPn-h¨ Hgp-hnð ]mÀ«n-bpsS sXmSp-]pg Fw.-Fð.-F.]n.-sP. tPmk-^ns\ a{´n-bm-¡n. sslt¡m-S-Xn-bpsS hn[n-s¡-Xnsc amWn kp{]ow-tIm-S-Xn-bnð A¸oð kaÀ¸n-¨p. A¸oð kzoI-cn¨ kp{]ow-tIm-SXn amWn-¡-\p-Iq-e-ambn hn[n-¨p. kp{]ow-tIm-S-Xn-bnð\nóv Pbn-¨p-hó amWn Xsâ ]Icw a{´n-bm-¡nb ]n.-sP. tPmk-^n-t\mSv a{´n-Øm\w XncnsI \ðIm³ Bh-iy-s¸-«p. Fómð tPmk^v AXn\v X¿m-dm-bn-ñ. CXns\ sNmñn tIcf tIm¬{K-knð B`y-´c {]iv\-§Ä DS-se-Sp-¯p. AXv tIc-f-tIm¬{K-knð cïm-a-sXmcp ]nfÀ¸n\v Imc-W-am-bn. tIcf tIm¬{Kkv CXn\v ap³]v sI.-Fw. tPmÀÖpw amWn-bp-ambn ]nfÀón-cp-óp. am Wn¡v a{´n-Øm\w XncnsI \ðIm³ tPmk^v X¿m-dm-Im-¯Xv tIc-f-tIm¬{Kkv amWn-{Kq-¸ns\ ]nfÀ¯n amWn-{Kq¸pw tPmk^v {Kq¸p-am-¡n. CXn-\Iw tImbbpw kp{]ow-tIm-S-Xn-bnð t]mbn A\p-Iq-e-hn[n t\Sp-I-bp-ap-ïm-bn. C§s\ tIkpw hn[nbpw ]nfÀ¸p-sa-ñm-ambn Cu a{´n-k` {]£p-_vZ-am-bn-cn-¡p-t¼m-gmWv tIm¬{K-knsâ tZio-b-c-mjv{Sob cwK¯v s]m«n-s¯-dn-I-fp-ïm-Ip-ó-Xv. 1977-þse s]mXp-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸nð ]cm-P-b-s¸« tIm¬{Kkv AXnsâ D¯-c-hm-ZnXzw apgp-h³ Cµn-cm-Km-Ôn-bp-sSbpw ASn-b-´-cm-h-Ø-bp-sSbpw tað sI-«n-h-¨-XmWv AXn-\p-Im-c-Ww. ]ïv Cµn-csb hmgv¯nb ]ecw AhÀs¡-Xnsc A`n-{]m-b-§Ä {]I-Sn-¸n-¨p. hk´v kmtT, tZh-cmPv Ac-kv, G.-BÀ. B´p-se, Fw. sNó sdÍn XpS-§nb cïmw-\nc t\Xm-¡Ä am{Xsa Ahsc hnaÀin-¡m-sX-bn-cp-óp-Åq. X\n-s¡-Xnsc ]mÀ«n t\XrXzw Xncn-bp-Ibpw Xsâ t\Xm-¡-fpsS t\sc \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿m-s\m-cp-§n-b-X-dnª Cµnc \yqUðln-bnð Hcp kam-´c F.-sF.-kn.-kn. 1978 P\p-hcn Hón\v hnfn¨p tNÀ¡p-I-bp-ïm-bn. AXv tIm¬{K-kns\ ]nfÀ¯n, Cµn-csb A\p-Iq-en-¡pó Ch-sc-ñm-hcpw tNÀóv tIm¬{Kkv (sF) cq]o-I-cn-¨p. tZio-b-X-e-¯nð tIm¬{K-knð hó Cu amähpw ]nfÀ¸pw tIc-f-L-S-I-¯nepw _m[n-¨p. AXv BâWn kÀ¡m-cn-s\bpw _m[n-¨p. Bâ-Wnbpw Hcp hn `m-Khpw {_Òm-\µ sdÍn {]kn-Uâm-bpÅ kwL-S-\m-tIm¬{K-kns\ ]n³Xp-S-W-¨-t¸mÄ sI. Icp-Wm-I-c\pw Iq«cpw Cµn-csb ]n´p-W¨p. CtXmsS tIc-f-¯nepw tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«n-bnð {]Xn-k-Ôn-I-fp-S-se-Sp-¯p. Cµn-csb ]n´p-W¨ sI. Icp-Wm-I-c-\pÄs¸sS bpÅ t\Xm-¡sf tIc-f-¯nse kwL-S-\m-tIm¬{K-kp-ImÀ ]pd-¯m-¡n. A§s\ `c-W-¯nð\nóv Icp-Wm-I-c\v A\p-Iq-en-¨-hÀ ]pd-¯p-t]m-bn. kwL-S\ tIm¬{K-knð \nóv Cµn-csb A\p-Iq-en-¨-Xnsâ t]cnð ]pd-¯p-t]mb Icp-Wm-I-c\pw Iq«cpw. tIc-f-¯nð tIm¬{Kkv (sF)-bpsS tIc-f-L-SIw cq]o-I-cn-¨p. s{]m^. sI.-Fw. Nmïnsb kwØm\ {]kn-Uâmbn Xnc-sª-Sp-¯p. 78-þð IÀ®m-S-I-bnse Nn¡-aw-¥q-cnð \nópÅ D]-XncsªSp-¸nð Cµnc aðk-cn-¡m³ Xsâ ]mÀ«n ]n´pW \ðIn-b-Xnð {]Xn-tj-[n¨v BâWn apJy-a-{´n-Øm\w cmPn-h-¨p. AXv tIm¬{K-kv (F) Fó cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n¡v Imc-W-am-bn. IÀ®m-S-I-¯nse Nn¡-aw-¥q-cnð \nóv D]-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸nð temI-k-`-bn-te¡v aðk-cn¨ Cµn-cm-KmÔn¡v kwL-S\ tIm¬{Kkv ]n´pW \ðIn-b-Xnð {]Xn-tj-[n-¨p-sImïv BâWn apJy-a{´n Øm\w cmPn-h-¨p. AtXmsS BâWnbpsS BZy-a-{´n-k-`¡v hncm-a-am-bn. BâWn cmPn-h¨v ]ntä-Zn-hkw Xsó AXm-bXv 1978 HIv tSm-_À 29\v kn.-]n.-sF.-bnse ]n.-sI. hmkp-tZ-h³ \mbÀ apJy-a-{´n-bmbn kXy-{]-XnÚ sNbvXv A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. Ipd-¨p-Imew am{Xsa `cWw \S-¯n-bp-Åq. F¦nepw Gsd-Ipsd anI¨ `cWw ImgvN-sh-bv¡m³ ]n.-sI.-hn.¡v Ign-ªp. ImÀjn-I-_Ô \nb-a-¯nepw `q]-cn-jv¡-cW \nb-a-¯nepw CjvS-Zm\ hyh-Ø-bnepw t`Z-K-Xn-IÄ hcp-¯n-sImïv CXn-sâ-sbms¡ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä IqSp-Xð Imcy-£aam¡n-sb-Sp-¡m³ ]n.-sI.-hn. a{´n-k-`¡v Ign-ªp. Fómð ]n.-sI.-hn¡pw A[n-I-Imew apJy-a{´n Itk-c-bnð Ccn-¡m³ Ign-ªn-ñ. apó-Wn-bnse {]iv\-§Ä X só-bm-bn-cp-óp. `q]-cn-jv¡-cW \nb-ahpw ImÀjnI _Ô-\n-b-a-hp-sams¡ BâWn tIm¬{Kkv Xpc¦w hbv¡p-óp-sbó coXn-bnð kn.-]n.-Fw. {]kvXm-h-\-I-fp-ambn cwK-¯p-h-ó-XmWv {]iv\-§Ä¡v Imc-Ww. BâWn tIm¬{K-kp-ambn kl-I-cn-¨mð a{´n-k-`-s¡-Xnsc Ahn-izmk {]ta-b-a-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-saóv kn.-]n.-Fw. `oj-Wn-s¸-Sp-¯n. BâWn tIm¬{K-kns\ Dt]-£n-¡m³ X¿m-dm-Im-¯Xv ]n.-sI.-hn. a{´n-k-`-bpsS ]X-\-¯n\v Imc-W-am-bn-sb-óp-Xsó ]d-bmw. HSp-hnð ]n.-sI.-hn.¡v cmPn-h-bvt¡-ïn-h-óp. A§s\ 1979 HIvtSm-_À 7\v ]n.-sI.-hn. cmPn-h-¨p. AXns\ XpSÀóv apÉnw-eoKv t\Xmhv kn.-F-¨v. apl-½Zv tImb-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯nð Hcp a{´n-k` A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. eoKn-t\m-sSm¯v F³.-Un.-]n.-]n.-F-kv.-]n. Fóo Imcy-amb P\-]n-´p-W-bn-ñm¯ ]mÀ«n-IÄ am{Xsa tNÀóp-Åq. tIm¬{Kkv sF, tIm¬{Kkv F, tIc-f-tIm¬{K-kp-ImÀ, P\-Xm-]mÀ«n Fón-hÀ a{´n-k-`-bnð tNcmsX ]pdsa \nóv eoKv a{´n-k-`sb ]n´p-W-¡pI am{Xsa sNbvXp-Åq. apó-Wn-bnse tIm¬{Kkv sF bp-ambn tIm¬{Kkv F ià-amb A`n-{]mb hyXym-k-ap-ïm-Ip-Ibpw Ah-cpÄs¸-Spó apó-Wn-bnð \nóp-Xsó ]pd-¯p-t]m-Im³ BâWn tIm¬{Kkv Xocp-am-\n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX-tXmsS tImb a{´n-k` De-bm³ XpS-§n. BâWn tIm¬{Kkv apóWn hn«-tXmsS tImb a{´n-k` \new s]m¯n. Hcp hÀjw t]mepw apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn-cn-¡m³ `mKyw e`n-¡m¯ apJy-a-{´n-sb-ómWv apl-½Zv tImbsb Ipdn¨v ]d-bp-ó-Xv. CjvS-Zm-\-_nð ]mkm-¡n-sb-Sp-¡m³ tImb a{´n-k-`¡v Ign-ªp-sb-óXv FSp¯p ]d-bm-hpó Hcp t\«-am-sW-¦nepw Gähpw {]hÀ¯-\-c-ln-X-amb Hcp a{´n-k-`-bm-bn-cpóp Hcpamkw am{Xw Bbp-Êp-ïm-bn-cpó tImb a{´n-k-`. tIc-f-¯nse BZy apÉow apJy-a-{´n-sbó _lp-aXn IqSn At±-l-¯n-\p-ïv. ckn-I-\mb At±-ls¯ cmjv{Sob t`Z-at\y Fñm-hcpw _lp-am-\n-¡p-Ibpw CjvS-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-óp-sbóp Xsó ]d-bmw. tIc-f-¯nð Gähpw Ipd-¨p-Imew apJy-a-{´n-bm-bn-cpó At±lw apÉoweoKns\ tZiob Xe-¯n-te¡v sImïp-hó t\Xm-hp-am-sWóp Xsó ]d-bmw. a{´n-k-`-bpsS cmPn KhÀ®À¡v \ðInb tImb \nb-a-k` ]ncn-¨p-hn-Sm³ KhÀ®-tdmSv D]-tZ-in-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXns\ XpSÀóv KhÀ®À \nb-a-k` ]ncn-¨p-hn-Sp-Ibw sNbvXp. \nb-a-k` ]ncn-¨p-hn-«-Xns\ XpSÀóv \nb-a-k` Xnc-sª-Sp-¸n\v Ifw Hcp-§n. Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð kn.-]n.-Fw.sâ t\Xr-Xz-¯nð CS-Xp-ap-ó-Wnbpw tIm¬{K-knsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯nð sFIy-P-\m-[n-]Xy apó-Wn-bp-amWv aðk-cn-¨-Xv. CS-Xp-ap-ó-Wn-bnð kn.-]n.-Fw.s\ IqSm sX kn.-]n.-sF.bpw BâWn tIm¬{Kkpw tIcf tIm¬{K-knse amWn {Kq¸p-ambncpóp {][m-\-am-bp-ap-ïm-bn-cp-ó-Xv. sFIy-P-\m-[n-]-Xy-ap-óWnbnð tIm¬{K-kns\ IqSmsX apÉow-eoKv F³.-Un.-]n. tIcf tIm¬{K-knse tPmk^v F ón-h-cp-ap-ïm-bn-cp-óp. Xnc-sª-Sp-¸nð CS-Xp-]-£-P-\m-[n-]Xy apó-Wn¡v t\cnb `qcn-]£w e`n-¨p. apó-Wn¡v `qcn-]£w e`n-¨-Xns\ XpSÀóv kn.-]n.-Fw. t\Xmhv C.-sI. \mb-\m-b-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯n-epÅ a{´nk` A[n-Im-c-ta-äp. \mb-\m-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯n-epÅ CS-Xp-ap-óWn a{´n-k`¡v XpS-¡-¯nðXsó ]mfn¨ ]än. tIm¬{K-knsâ Hcp hn`m-K-amb BâWn tIm¬{K-kns\ apó-Wn-bnð DÄs¸-Sp-¯n-bXv kn.-]n.-F-½n\v Xosc ckn-¨n-ñ. Ah-kcw In«p-t¼m-sgms¡ BâWn tIm¬{K-kns\ hnaÀin-¡p-óXv kn.-]n.-Fw. sNbvXXv apó-Wn-bnð hnÅ-ep-ïm-¡n. AXv a{´n-k-`-bpsS {]hÀ¯-\s¯ _m[n-¨p. X§sf hnaÀin-¡pó kn.-]n.-F-½p-ambn _Ô-a-h-km-\n-¸n-¡-W-saóv BâWn tIm¬{K-knse AWn-I-fpsS CS-bn-ep-ap-ïm-bn. sXmgn-emfn kwL-S-\-I-fpsS {]tXy-In¨v kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp-hnsâ {]hÀ¯\w ]e-t¸mgpw AXn-cp-hn-Spó coXn-bn-te¡v C¡m-e¯v amdn. A\mhiy ka-c-§fpw aäp-ambn \nc-h[n Øe¯v hym]m-c-Øm-]-\-§Ä, AS-¨n-Sp-I-bp-ïm-bn. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS \ncp-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-]-c-amb \S-]-Sn-IÄ sXmgn-emfn kwL-S-\-IÄ t{]m Õm-ln-¸n-¡pó coXn-bn-em-bn-cpóp ]e-t¸m-gpw. (XpScpw)

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