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tamZnbpsS `cWw ASnbncmhbntebvv \bnptam? Hcp hniIe\w

_vfk lq̳

Story Dated: 2015-07-21

C³UybpsS Idp¯ A²ymbsas´óv tNmZn¨mð  C³Uy³ P\X HóS-¦w Cópw ]dbpó HómWv 1975 ð Bcw`n¨ cïp hÀ-j¡mes¯ ASmb´cmhkvY. Cóv \mð]Xp hÀjw ]nónSpt¼mgpw AXn\¸pdw asämcp Idp¯ A²ymbw C³Uy³ P\ Xbvt¡mÀ¡m\nñ Fó-Xv AXv F{Xam{Xw C³Uysb Idp¸n¨q FóXn\v DZml-cWamWv. `cn¡pó kÀ¡mcnsâ ]mhbmWv C³Uy³ cmjv{S]Xn Fóv P\w ]dbm³ Xp-S§nbXv Aóp apXð¡mbncpóp. tI{µ a{´nk`bpsS shdpw Hcp Ìm¼v am{Xambn cmjv{S]Xn ] Zhnsb XcwXmgv¯nbXpw AómWv. C-µncmKmÔnbpsS a\km£n kq£n¸pImc³ IqSn Bb AhcpsS sk{I«dn BÀ.sI. [hm³ 1975 Pq¬ 24 \v AÀ² cm{Xnbnð Hcp t]¸À H¸nSm\mbn Aós¯ cmjv{S]Xn ^{IpXn³ Aen Al½Xn\v sImSp¯t¸mÄ B t]¸dnð F´mWv FgpXnbncpóXv Fópt]mepw t\m¡msX H¸n«p sImSp¡pIbmWpïmbXv. ]ntäóv cmhnse Xm³ H¸n«psImSp¯ t]¸À ASnb ´cmhkvY \S¸m¡ns¡mïpÅ Xocam\ambncpóp Fóv At±lw AdnªsXómWv AXns\ ]cnlkn¨hÀ ]dªXv. F´mbmepw Aóp apXemWv C³Uy³ cmjv{S]Xnsb C¯c¯nð hntijn¸n ¡m³ XpS§nbXv. A{XIïv B ]Zhn Aóv hnaÀin¡ s¸«p FóXmWv kXyw.

AXp am{Xañ tI{µ a{´nk`m AwK§Ä {][m\ a{´nbpsS BPv\m\p-hÀ¯nIÄ am{XamsWópw C³Uy³ {][m\a{´n tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm\mIm¯ hyIvXnbmsWópw ASnb´mcmhkvYbnð IqSn hóq FóXmWv kXyw. {][m\a{´nsb Bsc¦nepw tNmZyw sNbvXmð AhcpsS A\p`hw hfsc Zb\obanbn Xocpó AhkvYbmbncpóp ASnb´cmhkvYbpsS \mfpIfnð. C§s\ ASnb´cmhkvYsb hntijn¸n¡m³ At\-I Imcy§Ä Dïv. ASnaXz¯nð\nópw AcmPIXz¯nð \nópw GIm[n]Xy¯nð \nópw 1947ð C³Uy tamN\w t\Snvsb¦nð 1975 ð C³Uy³ P\X hoïpsamcn¡ð Iq-Sn ASnaXzt¯bpw AcmPI-Xzt¯bpw  GIm[n]Xyt¯bpw t\cntSïn hóp. AXnð \nóv c£ t\Sm³ C³Uy³ P\X asämcp kzmX{´y ka-cw Xsó \St¯ïn hóp. 1947\p ap¼v {_n«ojv `cWIqS¯n\v FXntc Bbncpóp B kacw sNbvXsX¦nð 1975ð C³Uybnse hnIeamb cmjv{Sob t\XrXzw \ðIpó `cW IqS¯ns\Xntcbmbncpóp. C³Uy³ P\Xbv¡v AhcpsS ]ucmhImi¯n\pthïn P\m[n]Xy¯n\pthïn X§fpsS kzmX{´y¯n\p thïn kz´w t\Xm¡tfmSp Xsó s]mcptXï KXn-tISnembn FóXm-Wv ASn-b´cmhkvYbnð kw`hn¨Xv. A§ s\ ASnb´cmhkvY Fñm AÀY¯nepw Idp¯ A[ymbhpw P\t{Zmlhp ambncpóp FóXmWv bmYmÀ°yw.

ASnb´cmhkvY C³Uybnð F´psImïv GÀs¸Sp¯n Fó tNmZy¯n-\v ]e D¯c§fmWv \ðIm³ IgnbpI. Cµncm KmÔn Dĸ sSbpÅ Aós¯ `cW-t\XrXz¯nsâ ]cmPbhpw A-[nImc ZpÀhn\ntbmKhpambncpóp AXnð Hómat¯Xv. 1971 ð \Só temIvk`m Xnc-sªSp¸nð arKob `qcn]£w t\Sn s¡mïv Cµncm KmÔnbpsS t\XrXz¯nð tIm¬{Kkv a{´nk` C³Uybnð A[nIm ctað¡pIbpïmbn. hr-²tem_nsbóv Cµnc Ifnbm¡nb tIm¬{Kknse Cµncm hncp² {Kq¸n\ptað Cµnc B[n]Xy apd¸n¨ XncsªSp¸p hnPbambncpóp B hnPbw. AtXmsS Cµncbpw AhcpsS A\pbmbnIfpw IqSpXð iIvXn {]m]n¨p. B iIvXn P\§ fpsS AXoh ]n´pWtbmsSóp IcpXn A[nImc¯nsâ AI¯f§fnð Ccpóv Al¦cn¨ AhÀ ]nóoSv Im-«n¡q«nbXv A[nImcZpÀhn\ntbmKhpw AgnaXnbpambncpóp. `cW¯nsâ hocyw Xebv¡p ]nSn¨ CµncbpsS hnizØcmb tI{µa{´namÀ  `cW s¯ Ifn¸m«am¡nbt¸mÄ ]mÀ«nbnse AhcpsS ASp¯ A\pbmbnIÄ \nba-ewL\§fpw \nbahmgvNbpw \S¯pIbmWpïmbXv. cmPy¯nsâ hnIk\§Ä shdpw hm¡pIfmIpIbpw tXmónb coXnbnð `cWw \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp sImïv A[nImcap]tbmKn¨v AgnaXn \S¯pIbpw A{Ia§fpw AXncphn« {]hÀ¯nIfpw sNbvXv P\s¯ \c-In¸n¡pIbpw sNbvX CµncbpsS hnizkvYcmb a{´namcpw ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡fpw P\¯n-sâ FXnÀ¸v hI sh¨nñm FóXmWv kXyw. Ibdqcn hn«psImïv ChÀ¡v Fñm clky ]n ´pWbpw sNbvXp sImSp¯ Cµncbvs¡Xnsc h³ Btcm ]W§Ä DbÀóp hóp.

Cµncbpw a-I³ kRvPbpw hnhmZ kzmanbmb ]d¡pw kzmanbpw DÄs]-« Ipd¨mfpIÄ CµncbpsS k^v ZÀPwKnse hkXnbnencpóv C³Uysb Iim¸p ime-bm¡nbt¸mÄ AXns\Xnsc P\w CfInadnªp.  AXp \nb{´n ¡m\mImsX hót¸mÄ X§Ä A[nImc¯nð\nóv AIäs¸SpIbpw Hcp ]t£ Agn¡pÅnembn PohnXw Ahkm\n¡psaóp `bs¸SpIbpw Dïmbn.

AsXms¡ Hgnhm¡m³ AhÀ I-sï¯nb AXn{Iqchpw AXn-\nµyhpamb amÀKambncpóp 1975 se ASnb´cmhkvY. A-hImi§Ä ASn¨aÀ¯ns¡mïv A[nImcw Bthmfw B-kzZn¡m\pÅ tkzOmXn]-Xn-Ifmb `cWIÀ¯m¡fpsS X{´ ]chpw hnIehpamb \S ]SnIfmWv ASnb´cmhkvY Fó Hma\ t]cnednbs¸«Xv.

F´pw GXpw sN¿m\pÅ AhkcamWv ASnb´cmhkvYbnð IqSn kwPmXamhpósXóv ASnb´cmhkvY \S¸m¡nbn«pÅ cmPy§fnse A\p`hw hyIvXam¡póp. A[nImct¯mSv BÀ¯n aq¯ `cW-IÀ¯m¡fpsS AXym{Kl¯n-sâ Ahkm\s¯ AShmWv ASnb´cmhkvYsbóXv 1975ð Cµnc C³Uybv¡v ]Tn¸n¨p sImSp¯p. P\tcmjan-fInbt¸mÄ P\Iob tImSXnIfnð P\§Ä hnNmcW sN-¿s¸«t¸mÄ {][m\a{´n ]Zhn cmPnh¨v Cµncb¡v ]pd¯p t]mImambncpóp. Fómð AhÀ AXn\p ]Icw sNbvXXv P\s¯ ASnb´cmhkvY Fó hne§n«v ]q«n kpc£n XbmIm\mWv {ian¨Xv.

AXv C³Uysb Idp¸n¨q FóXmWv bmYmÀYyw. 40 hÀj§Ä Ignªn«pw B Idp¸v C³UybpsS Ncn{X ¯mfpIfnð Ct¸mgpw Ccpfp ]c¯n InS¡pIbmWv. AXp ambpw ap¼v C³Uy hoïpw HcnSnb´cmhkvYbnte¡p t]mIpsaó kqN\ P\s¯ `bs¸Sp¯póp. B Hcp kqN\ \ðInbXv aämcpañ, ap³ C³Uy³ D]{][m\a{´nbpw _nsP]nbpsS kvYm]-I t\Xmhpamb Fð.sI AZzm-\nbmsWóXv Bcpw \nkmcambn ImWpónñ. tamZnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ _nsP]n kÀ¡mcmbncn¡pw C³Uybnð hoïpw ASnb´cmhkvY \S ¯pósXó kqN\ t]mepw AZzm\n \ðInsbóm-Wv Ct¸mÄ ]dbs¸SpóXv.

1975se ASnb´cmh kvYbv¡p Xpñyamb kmlNcy§Ä C³Uybnð DïmIm³ t]mIpóp Fópw `-cWIÀ¯m¡fpsS AhnIeam-b `cWcoXn C³Uybnð Ct¸mÄ DsïópapÅ F§pw sXmSmsXbpÅ AZzm\nbpsS A`n{]mb {]IS\w tamZnbnte¡p sNsó¯n \nð¡pIbmWv. 1975ð ASnb´cmhkvY DïmIm³ F´mWv ImcWw Fóv aämtc¡mfpw IqSpXembn Adnbmhpó BfmWv Aóv ASnb ´cmhkvY hncp² \o¡¯n\v t\XrXzw \ðInbhcnð {]apJ\mbncpó AZzm\n. Aóv AZzm\ns¡m¸w Dïmbncp-óXv tPmÀPv s^ÀWmïkv, samdmÀPn tZimbn, tZivapJv, kp{_aWy kzman, F_n hm Pvt]bn, slUvtK, F¨vUn tZ hKuU, Z´mhtZ XpS§nb hcmbncpótñm.

1975ð Dïmb ASnb´cmhkvY¡p Xpñyam-b kmlNcyamtWm C³Uybnð hcm³ t]mIpósXóv Nn´nt¡ïXmbn«pïv. Aóv AXn \p ImcWamb Imcy§Ä Cóv tamZn kÀ¡mcnð D-ïmIptóm Fóv IW¡mt¡-ïn Ccn¡póp. `cWN{Iw \-bn¡pó tamZnbnð Hcp tkzOm[n]XnbpsS apJw AZzm\n ImWpóXpsImïmtWm, a{´n k`mwK§Ä AhÀ¡njvSapÅ coXnbnð {]hÀ¯n¡p-óq Fó tXmótem? `cWcwK¯v AgnaXnbpw sISpImcy-kvYXbpw DïmIpóptïm Fóp XpS§nb ]e Imcy§fpw AXnð Dsïóp kwi-bnt¡ïn Ccn¡póp. Cu LSI§sfñmw hóXpsImïmWtñm Cµnc ASnb´cmhkv-Y {]Jym]n¨Xv. AXv Gähpw IqSpXð Adnbmhpó AZzm\n CóXv {]hNn¡póXv A\p`h¯nsâ shfn¨¯nemsWóXn\v asämcÀYanñ. ImÀtaLw aqSns¡«pt¼mÄ ]gb Ime¯v BfpIÄ AXv F{Xam{Xw iIvXntbmsS s]¿pó agbmsWóp ]dªncpóXv AhcpsS A\p`h¯nsâ shfn¨¯nembncpóp Fóp ]dbpt¼mse XsóbmWv C-Xnt\bpw ImtWïXv.

{][m\a{´n tamZnbpw At±l¯nsâ a-{´nk`mwK§fpsS Ct¸mgs¯ t]m¡pw AZzm\nbpsS kq-N\ ASnhcbnSpóq FópXsó Icp Xmw. A[nImc¯nð Ibdn BZy \mfpIfnð Xsó tamZnbpw Iq«cpw Btcm]W§fnð s]SpIbpïmbn. `cWw t\m¡m\ñ {]]ôw Npäm\pÅ Bthiambncpóp tamZns¡óv At±lw Npcp§nb Imew sImïv sXfnbn¨p.

AgnaXnbmtcm]W§fpw hnhcwsI« {]kvYmh\Ifpw aäpambn a{´namÀ X§fpsS kvYm\hpw Itkcbpw s]mXpP\a[y¯nð Ahtl f\am¡nbt¸mÄ ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡Ä aX¯nsâbpw aXm-\pjvSm\§fptSvbpw t]cnð km[mcW¡mcmb P\§sf ]oUn¸n¡pt¼mÄ AXp Iïv hoW hmbn¡m³ t\m¡pIbmWv {][m\a{´n tamZn {ian¡pósXómWv hnaÀi\w. CXn-t\¡mÄ IjvSw aX{`m´òmcmb a Xt\Xm¡tfmsSm¸w ]mÀ-«nbnse aXXo{hhmZnIÄ P\§sf ]eXmbn thÀXncn¨p sImïv aXthÀXncnhp \S¯pt¼mÄ Ahsbmópw Iïnsñóp \Sn¡pIbmWv {][m\a{´n tamZnbpsS `mK¯p \nópapïmIpóXs{X.

1975ð tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«nbnse Nne t\Xm¡Ä CµncbpambpÅ ASp¸w apXem¡n X§fpsS CjvS¯ns\m¯v {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw kRvPbv KmÔnbpsS ]n³_e¯nð `mcXsam«msI AgnªmSpIbpw \nbaw I¿nseSp¯psImïv AhcpsS FXncmfnIsf h Ihcp¯pIbpapïmsb¦nð B kvYm\¯v tamZnbpw _nsP]nbpamsWó hyXymksa Ct¸mgpÅq FóXmWv asämcp kXyw. AUm\nbpw Aw-_m\nbpw XpS§nb h³ hyh-kmbnIÄ¡v `mcXw hnð¡ptam FóXmWv Ct¸mÄ ]ecpw kwibn¡pósXómWv ]-dbs¸SpóXv. `cn¡póXv taZn-bmsW¦nepw ChcpsSsbms¡ \nÀt±i¯nemWs{X `cWw \S¯póXv.

Npcp¡¯nð 1975ð ASnb´cmhkvY P\¯n\p tað ASnt¨ð¸n¨ ]IzXbpw Imcy{]m]vXnbpanñm¯, kzP \]£]mZw Im«nb `-cWIÀ¯m¡fmWv Ct¸mgpÅsXóv CsXms¡ hyIvXam¡póp. AZzm\nbpsS hm¡pIfpw AXmWv hyIvXam¡póXv. ImcWw Aóv AXn\p ZrIvkm-£nbmbncpóp AZzm\n. At±l¯nsâ ]mÀ«n Xsó `cn¡pó Ct¸mÄ Dïmbn¡qSmbv-bnsñóXv \nkmcambn ImWm³ Ignbnñ. AKv\n ]ÀÆXw s]m«pw ap¼v AXn\pÅ kqN\ {]IrXn Im«n¯cpóXp t]mse !

C\n HcSnb-´cmhkvy Xm§m\pÅ sIev]v `mcX¯n\psïóp tXmópónñ. A§s\ HchkvYbpïmbmð AXv C³Uysbó alm-cmPys¯ F{Xam{Xw XIÀ-¡psaópw If¦s¸Sp¯psaópw ]dbm³ h¿. Aóv Hcp]nSn iIvXcmb t\Xm¡Ä FXnÀ¡m \pïmbncpóXpsImïv AXnsâ iIvXn Ipdbm³ ImcWambn. Fómð CóXn\pÅ t\Xm¡òmÀ C³Uybv-¡nñm¯Xp ImcWw C³Uy tkzOmXn]Xy GImXn]Xy \mSmbn amdpsaóv BWv hn-aÀin¡s¸SpóXv. A§s\ Hópw DïmImXncn¡s« Fóv Bin¡mw, Bizkn¡mw. temIÀ¡p apónð C³Uy A`nam\t¯mSpIqSn Xe DbÀ¯n ]dbpó Hcp al¯mb Im-cyapïv. C³UybptSXv sI«pd¸pÅ P\m[n]Xy kwhn[m\amsWóXv. AXns\Xncp \nð¡póhÀ Bcmbmepw Ahsc Häs¸Sp¯n P\w iIvXn Häs¡«mbn sXfnbn¡Ww.

  _vfk³ lq̳

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