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Hcp hb\mS A]mcX hmmSn tImck

വാല്‍ക്കണ്ണാടി - കോരസണ്‍

Story Dated: 2018-02-09

'shÅm\IfpsS \mSv' Fó kn\nabnð IpXnch«w ]¸p A\izcam¡nb Hcp kw`mjWw BWv XmactÈcn Npcs¯¸än Rm³ {i²n¡m³ XpS§nbXv. tImgnt¡mSp\nópw hb\mSn\v t]mIpt¼mÄ GXmïv A¼Xp IntemaoäÀ Zqc¯mWv XmactÈcn Npcw ØnXnsN¿póXv. tdmUv \óm¡m\pÅ tdmUv tdmfÀ ss{Uhdmbn«mWv IpXnch«w ]¸p A`n\bn¨Xv. Ip¯s\ Xmtg¡v t]mIpó slbÀ]n³ hfhpIfneqsS t{_¡v \ãvSs¸« tdmUv tdmfÀ HmSn¨p t]mb hockmlkoIXbmWv ]¸phnsâ ckIcamb UbtemKv. ASnhmc¯p\nópw e¡nSn hscbpÅ 12 IntemaoäÀ  ]m¼pt]mse hfªp InS¡pó \ncbpsS  Ccp`mK¯pw \b\m\µIcamb ImgvNbmWv amdn amdn hópsImïncn¡póXv. Npc¯nte¡pÅ Ibähpw Cd¡hpw AXn kmlkoIamb A\p`hamWv k½m\n¨Xv. ]Ýna L«s¯ XgpIn ]dóp t]mIó aqSð aªpw, AXn\nSbnð IqSn {]Xy£s¸Spó kqcyIncW§fpw, Xmsg Ddp¼v t]mse \nc\ncbmbn IbdnCd§pó hml\§fpw Hcn¡epw ad¡m\mhm¯ {Zyiy hncpóp XsóbmWv.

'e¡nSnbnð F¯nbmð ]nsó hb\mSnte¡p {]thin¡pIbmbn. Z£nW C´ybnse Nndm]pôn Fóv Adnbs¸«ncpó e¡nSn \n_nUamb h\k¼¯p Xsó BWv. h\yarK§Ä kar²ambn hnlcn¨ncpó Cu h\¯neqsS DÅ Ipdp¡p]mX  BZnhmknIÄ¡v am{Xta Adnbm³ IgnªncpópÅq. BZnhmkn aq¸³ Icn´ï³ lrZnØam¡n h¨ncpó Cu Ipdp¡phgn {_n«ojv Fôn\obÀ a\Ênem¡nsbSp¯p. Cu hgn Iïp]nSn¨ t\«w aämÀ¡pw ]Ip¯psImSp¡m³ AbmÄ X¿mdmbnñ. Icn´ïs\ A\p\bn¸n¨p aebpsS apIfnð sImïpt]mbn h[n¨p FómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. XmactÈcn Npcw \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xn\p tijw A]IS§fpsS Hcp henb \ncXsóbmWv Dïmbns¡mïncpóXv. Icn´ïsâ t{]Xw hmcn hnX¨ A]IS acW§Ä bm{X¡mcnð `oXn DWÀ¯ns¡mïncpóp. hfsc kmlknIambn Icn´ïsâ t{]Xs¯ _Ôn¨p Hcp Bð ac¯nð N§e¡pXf¨p. AXn\p Nph«nð Icn´ïsâ \ma¯nð "N§e ap\oizc³ tImhnð' Fó Hcp {]XnjvTbpw \S¯n. Cu N§e acw AhnsS ImWmw , AXnepÅ N§e act¯msSm¸w hfcpóp FómWv ]dbs¸SpóXv. e¡nSnbnepÅ 'N§ebn« acw' Hóv  {i²n¡msX t]mIm³ ]änñ.

'aWnh¯qcnse Bbncw inhcm{XnIÄ ' Fó Nn{X¯nð C¯cw Hcp tImhnensâ ]Ým¯ew ImWm³ km[n¡pw. Ipdh³sd Bßmhns\ Xf¨n« ac¯nð FhntStbm Ipd¯nbpsS tX§ð tIÄ¡msaópw AhntS¡p Poh\pÅ Bßm¡sf acW¯neqsS £Wn¡pw Fópw DÅ Hcp IYbmWv B Nn{X¯nð tImdn C«ncn¡póXv. Npc¯neqsS t]mb Imdn\p t{_¡v \ãs¸SpIbpw tImhnenð sNóv CSn¨p acWw kw`hn¡póXpamb \nKpVambIY. Ipsdtbsd hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v, XmactÈcn tdmUv C{Xbpw hnImkw {]m]n¡mXncpó Imes¯ HmÀ½IÄ Soan\p t\XrXzw hln¨ {io. s_ón {^m³knkv ]dªpsImtïbncpóp. Aóv At±lw hb\mSnð Irjn DtZymKØ\mbn tkh\w A\pjvTn¡pI Bbncpóp. _pÅänð kplr¯nt\msSm¸w t]mIpó hgn Im«m\ ]pdsI HmSnhóXpw, sXm«p sXm«nñ Fó AhØbnð \nópw ]ndInencpó kplrXv c£s¸«Xpw HmÀ½s¸Sp¯n; \nKqVX \ndª bm{Xsb AXv Xo{ham¡nsImïncpóp. ss_¡nsâ ]ndInð Dïmbncpó kplr¯nsâ jÀ«nð Im«m\bpsS Xp¼n¡¿nð \nópw Hen¨nd§nb {ZmhIw IqSn Dïmbncpóp FóvIqSn ]dªt¸mÄ \Sp§mXncn¡m\mbnñ.

Npcw Cd§n XncnsI hcpt¼mÄ Dïmb A\p`hw hnhcWmXoXamWv. bm{XbpsS Xncn¨pt]m¡nð Dïmb kw`hw BsW¦nð¡qSn AXv ChnsS¯só ]dbpóXmWv DNnXsaóp tXmópóp. H³]Xp XncphpIfnð csï®w Ignªt¸mÄ Ft´m Hcp aWw {i²n¨p, H¸w Ft´m henb Hcp iÐhpw CS¡v tIÄ¡m³ XpS§n. kt´mjv s]mSpós\ Fgpt\äp ]pdt¯¡p t\m¡n. AhnsS hfsct¸À ]mÀ¡v sNbvXp Npc¯nsâ at\mlc {Zyiyw BkzZn¡pIbpw Nn{X§Ä FSp¡bpw sN¿pI Bbncpóp. GXmbmepw ss{UhÀ kptcjv hïn Hcp sskUnte¡v HXp¡n, Hcp henb iÐt¯msSbmWv hïn \nóXv. R§Ä shfnbnte¡p Cd§n Nn{X§Ä FSp¡m³ XpS§n, kptcjv hïnbpsS t_mWäv Xpdóp iÐw hó ImcWw t\m¡pIbmbncpóp. kptcjnsâ apJw Iït¸mÄ Ft´m ]´ntISv tXmón, hïn¡p t{_¡v Ipdªp XpS§nbncn¡póp, C\nbpw Ip¯s\bpÅ Cd¡amWv, 20 koäpÅ henb hïnbmWv, Cd¡w KnbÀ am{Xw D]tbmKn¨p t]mIWw. GXmbmepw Iq«¯nð kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIfpw C¡mcyw Xð¡mew Adnbï Fóv kn\nemð ]dªp. t\À¯ Ccphcn¸mXbnð ]pdInð\nópÅ hml\§fpsS tlm¬ ASn {i²n¡msX ]Xps¡ kptcjv hïn aptóm«p \o¡n. Ft¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw D]tbmKn¡m³ ]mI¯nð lm³Uv t{_¡nð ssI ]nSn¨p s_ónbpw Ccpóp. AXphsc Dïmb Fñm kt´mj§fpw Aenªp CñmsXbmbn, kÀh Cuizcòmscbpw [ym\n¨v I®pIÄ AS¨p Ccpóp.

aWnh¯qcnse Bbncw inhcm{XnIÄ Fó Nn{X¯nse {Ziy§Ä a\ÊneqsS ISóp t]mbn. e¡nSnbnð N§e ac¯n\p ASp¯p\nóp Nn{X§Ä FSp¯Xpw, Icn´ïs\¡pdn¨p Xami s]m«n¨Xpw Hcp sImÅnao³ t]mse XnWnÀ¯phóp. Icn´ïsâ Bßmhv IqsS t]mcptóm Fópw AdnbmsX Nn´n¨pt]mbn. F´mbmepw kptcjnsâ ss{UhnwKv ]mShw sImïv AÛpXIcambn, t{_¡v CñmsX XmactÈcn Npcw \nc§n Cd§n, hïn \nc¯n\cnsI ]mÀ¡v sNbvXp. I®v Xpdót¸mÄ Hcmbncw shÅcn{]mhpIÄ Hón¨p ]dópbÀó A\p`hambncpóp. Aóv Rmbdmgv¨ BbncpóXn\mð H«pan¡ ISIfpw ASªpInSóp. tImgnt¡mt«¡v F¯m³ A³]tXmfw IntemaoäÀ _m¡n. kabw AôpaWn, Hcp ]cnNbhpw Cñm¯ \mSv. ASp¯ Nmb¡Sbnð Soans\ Ccp¯n IS¡mct\mSv Xnc¡nbt¸mgmWv N{µs\ ]cnNbs¸Sp¯nbXv. N{µ³ sa¡m\nIv BsW¦nepw bmZrÑnIambn AhnsS F¯ns¸«Xmbncpóp. hïnbpsS Ub\mtambpw ]WnapS¡nbncn¡póp, AXv dn¸bÀ sN¿msX bm{X aptóm«p t]mIm\mhnñ. N{µ³ Bscs¡tbm t^mWnð hnfn¨p Xnc¡ns¡mïncpóp. `mKy¯n\v ASp¯ Hcp tÌm¸nð Hcp Hmt«m CeIv--{Sn¡ð IS ]IpXn Xpdóp InS¡póXp {i²n¨p. IS AShmbncpóXn\mð AbmÄ Ft´m AXymhiy Imcy¯n\v F¯nbXmWv. ]s£ klmbn¡m³ X¿mdmbnñ. DSs\ Xsó N{µ³ AhntS¡p hnfn¨p, CXpt]mse Hcp {]iv--\hpambn Hcp hïn F¯póp Fóv Adnbn¨p, N{µ³ k-vIq«dnð ]mªp F¯n Nne aWn¡qdpIÄ sImïp ]cnlmcw Dïm¡n A§s\ bm{X XpScm\mbn. AhnsS Imhð amemJsbt¸mse F¯nb N{µs\ Hcn¡epw ad¡m³ Ignbnñ. PohnX¯nse kónKv²amb kµÀ`§fnð C¯cw \ò \ndª a\pjycpsS CSs]SepIfmWv ssZh kmón[yambn A\p`hs¸SpI.

tImgnt¡m«p \nópw XmactÈcn hgn ASnhmcw hsc, {]IrXnbpw a\pjy\pw \nc´cw kacks¸SpóXnsâ hncð ]mSpIfmWv ImWm\pÅXv. IpSntbä `qanbnð GZ³tXm«w \«p ]nSn¸n¡pó a\pjysâ Znhy\ntbmKw; AhnsSsbñmw ImSpItfmsSm¸w sNdnb \Kc§Ä \nÀ½n¨v sImtïbncn¡póp. tImStôcnbpw ]pXp¸mSnbpw AXnsâ D¯a DZmlcW§Ä BWv. Npcw Ibdn e¡nSn hgn ssh¯ncnbnð F¯pt¼mtg¡pw {]IrXnbpsSbpw a\pjysâbpw sNdnb amä§Ä t]mepw {i²n¡msX t]mInñ. {]IrXntbmSv añSn¨pw Npw_n¨pw ]WnXpbÀ¯nb D]h\Ifpw kt¦X§fpw B[p\nI kuIcy§tfmsS DÅ k-vIqfpIfpw tIm¬shâpIfpw Bip]{XnIfpw D¯c tIcf¯¡pdn¨p a\Ênð Dïmbncpó sXän²mcWIÄ A¸msS amän. hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v ssj\nsb ]ndInencp¯n Cu h\a²y¯neqsS ss_¡v HmSn¨p t]mb Imcyw s_ón HmÀ½n¨p. Ið¸ä, ao\§mSn hgn kpð¯m³ _t¯cnbnð F¯nbt¸mÄ k¦ð¸§fpsS amdm¸p Xmt\ hoWp DSªp.

hbepIfpsS \mSmb hb\m«nð CópÅ Gähpw henb ]«WamWv kpð¯m³ _t¯cn. kap{Z \nc¸nð\nópw 930 aoäÀ Dbc¯nð ØnXn sN¿pó ØeambXn\mð ChnSps¯ ImemhØ hfsc kpJIcamWv. Sn¸p kpð¯msâ Bbp[§fpsS _mädn kq£n¨p h¨ncpó ØeambXn\memWv CXn\p kpð¯m³ _mädn Fóv t]cmbXpw ]nsó AXv kpð¯m³ _t¯cn BbXpw. IpetiJc cmPhwiIme¯v, H³]Xmw \qämïnð, ChnsS Øm]nXamb KW]Xn t£{Xw Bbncpóp Cu {]tZis¯ {][m\ {i²mtI{µw. A§s\ ChnSw "KW]Xnh«w' Fóv Adnbs¸«ncpóp. Sn¸phnsâ ]Stbm«¯nð Cu t£{Xw XIÀ¡s¸SpIbpw, CXnsâ Ið`n¯nIÄ tIm« ]Wnbm\mbn sImïpt]mIbpamWv DïmbXv. ]nsó Ime§Ä Ipsd amdnt¸mbt¸mÄ Icsamgnhmbn In«nb Øe¯p ]pXnb KW]XntImhnð \nÀ½n¡bmbncpóp. CXn\p aXssa{XnbpsS IYIfpw ]dbm\pïv. Ct¸mgs¯ t£{Xw \Kca²y¯pXsó ØnXn sN¿póp. GXmïv Cu Imebfhnð Xsó ]Wnbn¡s¸« ssP\t£{Xw IñpIfpsS amkvac `mhw Cópw XpSn¨p \nð¡pó, kpµc inð¸sIm«nemWv.

Fñm B[p\oI kuIcy§fpw DÅ Hcp {][m\ hmWnPy tI{µamWv kpð¯m³ _t¯cn Cóv. ap´nb tlm«epIfpw `£W imeIfpw {][m\s¸« Fñm {_m³UUv D]IcW§fpw ChnsS kpe`amWv. s_ónbpsS kplr¯p¡fmb tUmÎÀ t]mPn, tUmÎÀ t]mÄ, amXyqkv, AhcpsS IpSpw_§Ä Hs¡ R§sf kµÀin¡m³ F¯n. Ahscms¡ IemIme§Ä Bbn B tZi¯nsâ `mKambn amdn. AhÀ AwK§Ä Bbn«pÅ I¬{Sn ¢ºvsluknemWv Xmakw {IaoIcn¨ncpóXv. Atacn¡bnse Xsó CS¯cw ¢ºvlhpkpItfmSp InS ]nSn¡¯¡ coXnbnepÅ kwhn[m\§Ä AXnibn¸n¨p. \mev ]XnämïpIÄ¡p ap³]v Ipdhne§m«p\nópw IpSntbdnb t]mfnsâ ]nXmhv Cópw acn¡m¯ HmÀ½IÄ ]¦n«p. CSXqÀó Im¸nt¯m«§Ä, IpcpapfIv , tNmZn¨sXñmw `qan \ðIn. Hs¡ Ibdn A§v Irjn sNbvXp XpS§pIbmbncpóp. Hópw \ãvSambnñ. Ipd¨p k¼mZyhpw IqSpXð A[zm\n¡pó a\Êpambn F¯nbhÀs¡ñmw Hcn¡epw ]nsó ]pdtIm«p Xncnªp t\mt¡ïn hón«nñ.

IpSntbä¡mÀ IqsS sImïphó AhcpsS BNmc§fpw hnizmk§fpw X\na \ãs¸SmsX AhÀ AhnsS \ne\nÀ¯n. _t¯cnbnse BZys¯ tImHm¸tdäohv skmsskän, tImtfPv XpS§n B \mSn³sd Poh\mUnbmbn \ne\nó ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvÄkv k`bpsS a¯mbn \qd\mð A¨s\¸än ]cmaÀin¡msX B[p\nI _t¯cnbpsS Ncn{Xw ]qÀ®amhpIbnñ. Gähpw henb aeapIfnð Xe DbÀ¯n \nð¡pó ae¦c It¯men¡m k`bpsS skâv tXmakv I¯o{Uð {i²n¡s¸Spw. Akw]v--j³ It¯men¡m tZhmebhpw akvPnZpIfpw Hmtcm ImeL«¯nâvsd HmÀ½Ifpw t]dn XebpbÀ¯n \nð¡póp. \Kc a²y¯neqsS cm{Xnbnð t]mIpt¼mÄ \nimKÔn¸q¡fpsS amkvacnI kuc`yw FhnSptóm aq¡nð Acn¨p Ibdn. apÉnw skant¯cnbnð \nópw hcpó kpKÔw B \Kcs¯ kpc`neam¡nsImïncn¡pó {]tXyIXbmWv Fóv s_ón kqNn¸n¨p. B kpKÔw \nKqVambn ]n´pSctW Fóv AdnbmsX sImXn¨pt]mbn.

tIcf¯nse aäp {]tZi§sf At]£n¨p hfsc hr¯ntbmSpw `wKntbmSpw \Kcw kq£n¨ncn¡póXv FSp¯p ]dtbï Hcp Imcyw XsóbmWv. henb ]mdIÄ Hs¡ Cóv ]IpXn s]m«n¨ AhØbnemWv. \chwi imkv{X¯n\p apXð Iq«pó CS¡ð Kplbpw, tNtXmlcamb BcWyhpw, AeIÄ DbÀ¯pó aeIfpw amen\yw Cñm¯ ]pgIfpw tNÀó Cu kz]v\`qanI C§s\ Xsó \ne\nð¡tW Fóv a\ÊpsImïv B{Kln¨p.

h\yX XpSn¨p \nð¡pó Ipdph Zzo]v DdhpIfnte¡p XncnsI t]m¡emsWóp tXmómw. {]IrXnbpsS ssiihmhØbpw amen\yw Iecm¯ ip²Xbpw ChnsS ]cnc£n¨ncn¡póp. apfwN§mS¯neqsS A¡c ISómð Ipsd Gsd t\cw h\¯neqsS kôcn¨p thWw ASp¯ Zzo]nte¡v-- IS¡m³. sNdpXpw hepXamb At\Iw Zzo]pIÄ 950 G¡dnð ]cóp InS¡póp. Ipd¨p `mKt¯¡v am{Xta ISópt]mIm³ A\phmZw DÅq. AXpw Hmtcm Znhks¯bpw kµÀiIsc \nÝnX F®¯nð \nb{´n¨ncn¡póp. Imthcn \ZnbpsS t]mjI\Znbmb I_\o\Zn ChnsS Npän HgpIpóp. ]¨ \nd¯nð ip²ambn ]mdIfneqsS t\À¯ Ne\§fnð HgpInhcpó Cu Pet{imXkv Ahnizk\obamb ImgNbmWv-- k½m\n¡póXv. hÀj§fmbn a®nð\nópw hoWp InS¡pó ac¨nñIÄ¡nSbneqsS sNdp Ne\§tfmsS im´ambn HgpIn \o§pó \ocpdhIÄ, Ahbnð Acnªp \S¡pó Pohsâ BZy kv]pcW§Ä, At\Iw sNdp PohnIÄ, Pe¯n\v apIfneqsS ImepbÀ¯n \Sópt]mIpó shůnemimòmÀ -! sImXnXocnñ AhnsS t\m¡n \nð¡m³. `qanbnse ssPh temIw apgph³ Hcp Hä Pohnsbt¸mse s]cpamdpó HómsWópw Hmtcm Pohnbpw X½nð X½nð AXnXo{hamb Xc¯nð _ÔnXamsWópw Fópw DÅ 'Kmb sslt¸msXknkv' (IS¸mSv þ 'kotdm' amXr`qan ho¡nen) HmÀ¡mXncpónñ.

Dd¸nñm¯, hgphgp¸³ ]mdIfneqsS A¡sc hsc \Sóp t]mIm³ NneÀ {ian¡pópïv. AXn kmlkoIamWv B bm{X. R§fpw ssI tImÀ¯p]nSn¨p Hcp Xo{h {iaw \S¯mXncpónñ. Iq«¯nð A\nbpw lm\mbpw {InÌepw A¡sc t]mbn Xncn¨p hóp. Añnbpw enknbpw \Zn a²y¯nepÅ Hcp hgphgp¸³ ]mdbnð Hcphn[w Ibdn]än, Cd§nt¸mcm³ \tó ]mSps]tSïnhóp. R§Ä ImSnsâ kuµcyw Bthmfw \pIÀóp AhnsSsbms¡ Nn{X§Ä ]nSn¨p \Sóp.

1975 þð ASnb´ncmhØbpsS \mfpIfnð ]n. F. _¡À kwhn[m\w sNbvX "I_\n \Zn Nphót¸mÄ " Fó Nn{Xw Cu ]Ým¯e¯nemWv IY ]dªXv. Hcp Ime¯p \I-vkð_mcn {]Øm\w kPohambn \nebpd¸n¨ ]pð¸Ån ChnsS\nópw A{X Zqc¯ñ. Fgp]XpIfnð tIcf¯nsâ ZniXsó amänadn¨ \I-vkð_mcn{]Øm\w, \I-vkð t\Xmhv hÀKoknsâ h[w, Hs¡ Cu ImSpIfnemWv Act§dnbncpóXv. 1968 þð, Aco¡mSv hcvKokv, ^nen¸v Fw {]kmZv, APnX XpS§nb \I-vkð t\Xm¡Ä Bkq{XWw sNbvXp \S¸m¡nb ]pð¸Ån t]meokv tÌj³ B{IaWw, hb\mSv Fó t]cv BtKmf `q]S¯nð ASbmfs¸Sp¯pIbmbncpóp. NqjW§Äs¡Xnsc iÐanñm¯hcpsS ]Shmfmbn Cd§n¸pds¸« Nne \ñ a\ÊpIÄ Cu h\¯nð ]n¨n No´s¸«p FóXv tIcf¯nsâ Hcp Icn]nSn¨ Ncn{Xw. Bbp[§Ä sImïpÅ A{Ia {]Xntcm[§Ä¡p ]Icw Bib§fpsS Xo{hamb {]Xntcm[ambncpóp ]nóoSv tIcf¯nepÅ I½yqWnkvdv {]Øm\§fpsS hfcv¨ Fópw ]dbmsX h¿.

tIcfs¯ ]nSn¨pe¨ "ap¯§ kw`hpw' Cu Npäp]mSnð XsóbmWv. Bib§Ä Bhnjv¡cn¡m³ ImSnt\mfw aäp GXp ØeamWv `qanbnð DÅXv? ImSnsâ t\cv Fópw \mSn³sd \mSy¯n\p `ojWn Bbncpótñm. hb\mSvþssakqÀ tdmUnð Im«m\IÄ Iq«ambn \S¡póXv ImWpIbpïmbn. cm{Xnbnð h\yPohnIfpsS hnlmc¯n\p XSÊanñmsX tdmUv AS¨nSpIbmWv ]Xnhv. BZnhmknIÄ AhcpsS ]mc¼cy thj¯nð CSbv¡p hndIpw aäpw tiJcn¨p t]mIpóXpw ImWmambncpóp.

hb\mSnsâ Xo{hX DÄs¡mïpsImïv 1972 þ ð, aebmf¯nsâ Fót¯bpw {]nb¦cnbmb IYsbgp¯pImcn ]n.hÕe cNn¨ 's\ñv' Fó t\mhð cmaqImcym«nsâ ssI¿nð 1974 þ ð Ne¨n{Xw Bbn. _mepalo{µbpsS Iymad¡®pIÄ Xncps\ñnbpsS `wKn A¸msS H¸nsbSp¡pIbmbncpóp. 'ImSv Idp¯ImSv, a\pjy\mZyw ]ndóhoSv', '\oe s]mòmt\' XpS§nb A\izcKm\§Ä keoðNu[cnbpsS am{´nI ssIIfnð \nópw eXm at¦jvIdpw, aómsUbpw, tbipZmkpw ]mSnbXn\p tijw A¯csamcp taf\w aebmf¯nð ]nsó Dïmbn«nñ FópXsó ]dbmw.

H³]Xmw \qämïnð tNccmPmhmbncpó `mk-vIc chnhÀ½bpsS Ime¯p Xsó ssk\oIX{´]camb Hcp {][m\s¸« Øeambncpóp Xncps\ñn. hfsc Ime§Ä¡pap¼pXsó ]m]\min\nbpw, {]nXrZÀ¸W BNmc§fpw sImïv sXt¡ C´ybnse Gähpw {][m\ tI{µ§fnð Hómbncpó Xncps\ñnt£{Xw ChnsSbmWv. {_n«ojv `cW¯ns\Xntc apãnbpbÀ¯nb ]gÈncmPm t\XrXzw \ðInb Kdnñm bp²w Cu ImSpIfnð \nóv Xsóbmbncpóp.

A§s\ Ncn{Xhpw sFXoly§fpw, tI«ptIgv--hnIfpw ]pcmWhpw Hs¡ \ndªp \nð¡pó ]q¦mh\amWv hiyamb Cu ]pWy `qanI. IÀWmSIbnse Kpïevs]«p Pnñbnð kap{Z¯n\p 1450 aoäÀ Dbc¯nð ØnXn sN¿pó tKm]mekzmant_« t£{X¯nte¡pÅ bm{X AhnkvacWobamb A\p`hamWv. Is®¯m¯ Zqc¯nepÅ Irjn`qan¡nSbneqsS a¬]mXbnepw Ipd¨p SmÀ sNbvX ]mXbnepambn Gsd t\cw t]mbn thWw _µn¸qÀ \mjWð ]mÀ¡nð F¯m³. Ipd¨p Zqcw sNóv hïn ]mÀ¡v sNbv--Xtijw kÀ¡mÀ hïnbnð am{Xta Gähpw Dbc¯nð ØnXn sN¿pó t£{X¯nð F¯nt¨cm³ km[n¡pIbpÅq. AXy´w \b\m\µIcamWv Ccp `mK§fnepw DÅ ImgvN. ISphbpw ]penbpw AS§nb h\yarK§Ä sskzcy hnlmcw sN¿pó kwc£nX h\`qanbnemWv 1315 F. Un. ImeL«¯nð IñpsImïpÅ Cu t£{Xw \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv.

`mcn¨ IñpIÄ ChnsS F¯n¨p at\mlcambn ]WnsXSp¯ Cu t£{Xw hfsc¡mew ]qPIÄ Hópw CñmsX InS¡pIbmbncpóp. Ct¸mÄ hnizmknIfpsSbpw kômcnIfpsSbpw kmón²yw sImïv hfsc kPohamWv AhnSw. sNñpóhÀ¡p Hs¡ `£Whpw ]mbkhpw AhnsS sImSp¡pópïv. ]mds¡«nð InfnÀ¯phó Hcp sNSnbnð sNdnb XpWnkônIÄ sI«n¯q¡n C«ncn¡póXv Iïp. hnizmknIfpsS {]mÀY\Ifpw At]£Ifpw B hr£¯nð kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡bmWv. Imänð BcpsSsbms¡tbm AS¨ph¨ {]Xo£IÄ B NnñIfnð InSóp BSn bpebpópïmbncpóp; Fsó¦nepw FhnsSsb¦nepw Ah ]qcvWamImsX t]mInñ. \nKqVamb clky§Ä \ndª Cu h\yXbpsS \Sphnð \nð¡pt¼mÄ hñm¯ Hcp A\p`qXnbmWv DïmIpóXv.

t£{X¯n\p Npäpw \SópÅ ImgvN Hcn¡epw a\Ênð \nóv ambmsX \nð¡pw. Du«n aeIfpw hoc¸³ Hfn¨ncpó kXyawKew Nµ\¡mSpIfpw Hs¡ ChnsS \nómð ImWmw. kly ]ÀÆX¯nsâ \ndpIbnð Ibdn \nóv Bßob ssNX\yt¯msS t\m¡pt¼mÄ, kzÀ¤koaIÄ D½hbv¡pó kz]v\amtWm CXv Fóv tXmómXncn¡nñ. Zqsc \mep]mSpw \nóv \oe¯ncameIÄ ASn¨p DbÀóp hcpóXpt]mse ]ÀhX§fpsS \ncIÄ, h\yarK§Ä \ndª s]cpw Im«n\pÅnð {ioIrjvWt£{X¯nsâ Icn¦ð tIm«bv¡pÅnð A½hbdn\pÅnseót]mse DÅ kpc£nXXzw, ]pds¯ ip² ss\Àaey¯nð Ccp ssIIfpw Xpdóp I®pIÄ AS¨p {]IrXntbmSv Aenªp tNcm\pÅ \nanj§Ä, [\yamWv--, ]pWyamWv, im´nbmWv, \nÀhrXnbmWv, ]qÀWamWv.

XncnsI t]mcpt¼mÄ, hbteeIfpsS Ccphi§fnepw kqcyIm´n ]q¡Ä \ndªp \nó Hcp bm{X s_ón A\pkvacn¨p.

I_\o\ZnbpsS imJbmb Ica\t¯mSnð ]WnXpbÀ¯nb _mWmkpc kmKÀ Umw, C´ybnse Gähpw hepXpw Gjybnse Gähpw hen¸w IqSnbXpamb GÀ¯p UmamWv. alm_enbpsS aI\mb _mWmkpc³sd t]cnð hnfn¡s¸« ]ÀhXIq«§Ä¡nSbneqsS ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯s¸« Pemibw at\mlcamb Imgv¨XsóbmWv. Umw ]WnXpbÀ¯nbt¸mÄ ]pXnb Zo]pIÄ cq]s¸SpIbpw sNdp a\pjyhmk tI{µ§Ä shůn\Snbnð ap§nt¸mhpIbpw sNbvXXmWv. ISen\Snbnð Hfn¨ncn¡pó ssa\mK ]ÀÆX¯n\p C\nbpw NndIp apf¨mð F´mbn¯ocpw Fóv shdpsX Hcp IpkrXn tXmómXncpónñ. Umanse Pemib¯neqsSbpÅ t_m«v bm{X AhnkvacWobamWv. N{µ{]Xe¯nse 'ko Hm^v {Sm³Iznenän', AYhm 'GIm´XbpsS A]mcXocw' F´msWóv a\Ênð Ipdn¨nSm\mbn. A{X im´amWv B Pemibw.

Atacn¡bnð P\n¨phfÀó Ip«nIÄ ]e cmPy§fpw, hnt\mZ kômc tI{µ§fpw Iïn«pïv AXpsImïp kz´w \mSns\ Hóv AhÀ¡p ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pI Fó Dt±iyhpw bm{X¡v Dïmbncpóp. AXv hn^eambnñ Fóv a\Ênembt¸mÄ hoïpsamcn¡ð IqSn tIcf¯nð C¯cw bm{X¡v t]mIWw Fóv R§Ä XoÀ¨bm¡n. R§Ä F¯nb hnam\¯nð hfsctbsd hntZinIÄ Dïmbncpón«pIqSn, Sqdnk¯n\p h³ km[yXbpÅ Cu Øe¯p Hcp hntZin kômcnsbt¸mepw ImWm³ km[n¨nñ FóXv AXnibn¸n¡mXncpónñ. Ft´ \½psS tIcfSqdnkw amÀ¡änwKv-- kwhn[m\§Ä, C{Xbpw temI \nehmcapÅ Cu kv--t]m«nð {i²n¡m¯Xv Fóv Nn´n¡mXncpópanñ.

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